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Profile: Eric Palmer (Allegheny College)
Profile: Emily Palmer (University of Notre Dame Australia)
Profile: Eric Palmer (University of Pittsburgh)
  1. Eric Palmer, Freedom and Corporate Responsibility: The Niger Delta Case.
    This article briefly introduces a new argument concerning corporate social responsibility, based in an analysis of values expressed by the recent and contemporary liberal economists Milton Friedman and Michael Jensen. I will provide the gist of the argument by considering implications of Friedman’s very familiar view, that “…there is one and only one social responsibility of business - to use its resources and engage in activities to increase its profits so long as it stays within the rules of the game.” (...)
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  2. D. Wikler, E. Palmer, N. Fujiki & D. Macer (forthcoming). Neo-Eugenics and Disability Rights in Philosophical Perspective. Human Genome Research and Society, Ii International Bioethics Seminar.
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  3. Emma C. Palmer, Anthony S. David & Stephen M. Fleming (2014). Effects of Age on Metacognitive Efficiency. Consciousness and Cognition 28:151-160.
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  4. Eric Palmer (2013). Introduction: Special Issue on Vulnerability and Empowerment. Journal of Global Ethics 9 (3):245-248.
    Journal of Global Ethics, Volume 9, Issue 3, Page 245-248, December 2013.
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  5. Eric Palmer (2013). The Andhra Pradesh Microfinance Crisis and American Payday Lending: Two Studies in Vulnerability. Révue Ethique Et Economique / Ethics and Economics 10 (2):44-57.
    Microcredit, a non-profit lending approach that is often championed as a source of women’s inclusion and empowerment, has in the past decade been followed by microfinance, a forprofit sibling of a different temperament. Microfinance in India is now in turmoil, precipitated by legislation in the state of Andhra Pradesh, which has encouraged withholding of payment, which in turn has frozen the market. This paper considers one precipitating condition of the crisis: the remarkable, new, and developing burden of formal economic debt (...)
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  6. Eric Palmer (2011). The Wisdom in Wood Rot: God in Eighteenth Century Scientific Explanation. In William Krieger (ed.), Science at the Frontiers: Perspectives on the History and Philosophy of Science. Lexington Books. 17-35.
    This chapter presents a historical study of how science has developed and of how philosophical theories of many sorts – philosophy of science, theory of the understanding, and philosophical theology – both enable and constrain certain lines of development in scientific practice. Its topic is change in the legitimacy or acceptability of scientific explanation that invokes purposes, or ends; specifically in the argument from design, around the turn of the eighteenth century.
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  7. Eric Palmer (ed.) (2009). Candide. Broadview.
    Voltaire’s classic novel Candide relates the misadventures of a young optimist who leaves his sheltered childhood to find his way in a cruel and irrational world. Fast-paced and full of dark humor, the novel mocks the suggestion that “all is well” and challenges us to create a better world. This Broadview Edition follows the text of a 1759 English translation that was released concurrently with Voltaire's first French edition. Candide is supplemented by Voltaire's most important poetic and humanistic writings on (...)
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  8. Eric Palmer (2008). Real Institutions and Really Legitimate Institutions. In David Mark, Bary Smith & Isaac Ehrlich (eds.). Open Court. 331-347.
    This essay develops a thesis regarding the manner through which social institutions such as property come to be, and a second thesis regarding how such institutions ought to be legitimated. The two theses, outlined below, are in need of explication largely because of the entrenched cultural influence of an erroneous reading of social contract theory concerning the historical origins of the state. In part A, I introduce that error. I proceed in parts B and C to present two central theses (...)
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  9. Eric Palmer (2007). Corporate Responsibility and Freedom. International Corporate Responsibility Series 3:25-33.
    Milton Friedman’s famous comment on Corporate Social Responsibility is that “there is one and only one social responsibility of business—to use its resources and engage in activities to increase its profits so long as it stays within the rules of the game.” I reply to Friedman, Michael Jensen, and others, in argument that accepts their implicit premise—that business can be a virtuous mechanism of free society—but that denies their delimitation of responsibility. The reply hinges upon precisely the virtue of “freedom” (...)
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  10. Eric Palmer (2006). Legitimate Social Demands on Corporations. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 17:151-154.
    The classic formulation of doubt regarding the appropriateness of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), as voiced by Milton Friedman, is that “…there is one and only one social responsibility of business – to use its resources and engage in activities to increase its profits so long as it stays within the rules of the game…” I present a reply to Friedman, and to others, that accepts their implicit premise – that business, including globalizing business activity, can be a virtuous mechanism of (...)
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  11. Eric Palmer (2005). The Balance of Sovereignty and Common Goods Under Economic Globalization. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 12 (2):46-52.
    Common goods and political sovereignty of nation-states are intertwined, since without government the orderly treatment of common goods would be unlikely. But large corporations, especially global multinationals, reshape and restrict national sovereignty through economic forces. Consequently, corporations have specific social responsibilities. This article articulates those responsibilities as they pertain to managing common goods.
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  12. Eric Palmer (2004). Entidades corporativas e imperativos categóricos. Impulso 38.
    As duas formulacoes do imperative categorico de Kant, leativas a universalizabilidade de aco e a direcao da acao para os fins em si mesmos, nao sao logicalmente equivalentes. John Rawls e Jurgen Habermas exploram a divisao de Kant em seus esforcos para promover politicas liberais e politicas justificaveis na justica processual. Mas, ao mesmo tempo, levam a um rompimento com a abordagem de Kant – a aceitacao de uma divisao entre o etico e o legal. O presente artigo argumenta ser (...)
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  13. Eric Palmer (2004). Real Corporate Responsibility. In John Hooker & Peter Madsen (eds.), International Corporate Responsibility Series. Carnegie Mellon University Press. 69-84.
    The Call for Papers for this conference suggests the topic, “international codes of business conduct.” This paper is intended to present a shift from a discussion of codes, or constraints to be placed upon business, to an entirely different topic: to responsibility, which yields duty, and the reciprocal concept, right. Beyond the framework of external regulation and codes of conduct, voluntary or otherwise, lies another possible accounting system: one of real corporate responsibility, which arises out of the evident capability of (...)
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  14. Elizabeth Palmer (2002). Should Public Health Be a Private Concern? Developing a Public Service Paradigm in English Law. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 22 (4):663-686.
    This article explores the tension between the fundamental perception that the provision of privatized services such as health and social care remain inherently public and the absence of any clearly developed juridical concept of ‘public services’ as the basis of judicial control in accordance with public law standards. In a series of recent cases, courts have had the opportunity to determine whether private contractors engaged in the provision of local authority residential and social care services are amenable to judicial review (...)
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  15. Eric Palmer (2002). Pangloss Identified. French Studies Bulletin 84 (Autumn).
    Scholars have associated the character of Pangloss in Voltaire’s Candide variously with the ideas of Gottfried Leibniz, Alexander Pope, and Christian Wolff. With them he is associated, but on whom is he modeled? Pangloss is the image of a French popularizer of science celebrated in his day but little noticed in ours: Noël Antoine Pluche (1688-1761), the author of a highly popular work, Le Spectacle de la Nature.
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  16. E. Palmer (2001). Multinational Corporations and the Social Contract. Journal of Business Ethics 31 (3):245 - 258.
    The constitutions of many nations have been explicitly or implicitly founded upon principles of the social contract derived from Thomas Hobbes. The Hobbesian egoism at the base of the contract fairly accurately represents the structure of market enterprise. A contractarian analysis may, then, allow for justified or rationally acceptable universal standards to which businesses should conform. This paper proposes general rational restrictions upon multi-national enterprises, and includes a critique of unjustified restrictions recently proposed by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and (...)
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  17. E. Palmer (2000). Resource Allocation, Welfare Rights - Mapping the Boundaries of Judicial Control in Public Administrative Law. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 20 (1):63-88.
    In a recent line of cases, senior judges in the UK have been called upon to adjudicate in complaints over the failure of health and local authorities to meet the welfare needs of citizens. Local authorities claimed that the disputes had been precipitated by a lack of resources allocated by central government to meet local demand. This article examines the role of the courts in resolving a fundamental tension between central government policy of financial cost-cutting on the one hand and (...)
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  18. Eric Palmer (1999). Descartes on Nothing in Particular. In Rocco Gennaro & Charles Huenemann (eds.), New Essays on the Rationalists. Oxford. 26-47.
    How coherent is Descartes' conception of vacuum in the Principles? Descartes' arguments attacking the possibility of vacuum are difficult to read and to understand because they reply to several distinct threads of discussion. I separate two strands that have received little careful attention: the scholastic topic of annihilation of space, particularly represented in Albert of Saxony, and the physical arguments concerning vacuum in Galileo that are also continued after the publication of the Principles in Pascal. The distinctness of the two (...)
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  19. Eric Palmer (1997). Descartes' Rules and the Workings of the Mind. North American Kant Society:269-282.
    I briefly consider why Descartes stopped work on the _Rules_ towards the end of my paper. My main concern is to accurately characterize the project represented in the _Rules_, especially in its relation to early-modern logic.
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  20. Eric Palmer (1997). The Limits of Cartesian Doubt. Studies in Early Modern Philosophy 4:1-20.
    What did Descartes regard as subject to doubt, and what was beyond doubt, in the Meditations? A review of the Objections and Descartes' reactions in the Replies provides some useful clarification, but viewing Descartes' method of doubt in conjunction with his professed theory of knowledge in the Rules for the Direction of the Mind further elucidates his own understanding of the project. In the Rules, Descartes introduces the mind's intuition of "simple natures" as the atomistic basis of all knowledge, its (...)
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  21. Eric Palmer (1994). Is General Beneficence Inappropriately Demanding? Southwest Philosophy Review 10 (2):85-105.
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  22. Eric Palmer (1993). Lakatos’ “Internal History” as Historiography. Perspectives on Science 1 (4).
    Imre Lakatos' conception of the history of science is explicated with the purpose of replying to criticism leveled against it by Thomas Kuhn, Ian Hacking, and others. Kuhn's primary argument is that the historian's internal—external distinction is methodologically superior to Lakatos' because it is "independent" of an analysis of rationality. That distinction, however, appears to be a normative one, harboring an implicit and unarticulated appeal to rationality, despite Kuhn's claims to the contrary. Lakatos' history, by contrast, is clearly the history (...)
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  23. E. P. Palmer & D. H. Bailey (1968). Measuring High-Altitude Aerosol. In. In Peter Koestenbaum (ed.), Proceedings. [San Jose? Calif.. 45--274.
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  24. Edward E. Palmer (1957). Book Review:The Meaning of Americanism. Robert N. Beck. [REVIEW] Ethics 67 (4):317-.
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  25. Edward E. Palmer (1956). Book Review:The Secret of Democracy. Suzanne Labin; The Warfare of Democratic Ideals. Francis M. Myers. [REVIEW] Ethics 67 (1):58-.
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  26. Edward E. Palmer (1955). Book Review:Individualism Reconsidered and Other Essays. David Riesman. [REVIEW] Ethics 65 (2):149-.
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  27. Edward E. Palmer (1955). Book Review:From the Declaration of Independence to the Constitution: The Roots of American Constitutionalism. C. J. Friedrich, Robert G. McCloskey. [REVIEW] Ethics 65 (4):315-.
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