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Profile: Elijah Weber (Bowling Green State University)
Profile: Eric Weber (University of Mississippi)
  1. Joachim Frans & Erik Weber (forthcoming). Mechanistic Explanation and Explanatory Proofs in Mathematics. Philosophia Mathematica:nku003.
    Although there is a consensus among philosophers of mathematics and mathematicians that mathematical explanations exist, only a few authors have proposed accounts of explanation in mathematics. These accounts fit into the unificationist or top-down approach to explanation. We argue that these models can be complemented by a bottom-up approach to explanation in mathematics. We introduce the mechanistic model of explanation in science and discuss the possibility of using this model in mathematics, arguing that using it does not presuppose a Platonist (...)
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  2. Dingmar van Eck & Erik Weber (forthcoming). Function Ascription and Explanation: Elaborating an Explanatory Utility Desideratum for Ascriptions of Technical Functions. Erkenntnis:1-23.
    Current philosophical theorizing about technical functions is mainly focused on specifying conditions under which agents are justified in ascribing functions to technical artifacts. Yet, assessing the precise explanatory relevance of such function ascriptions is, by and large, a neglected topic in the philosophy of technical artifacts and technical functions. We assess the explanatory utility of ascriptions of technical functions in the following three explanation-seeking contexts: (i) why was artifact x produced?, (ii) why does artifact x not have the expected capacity (...)
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  3. Elisabeth Weber (forthcoming). Willfulness--Eigensinn. Semiotics:231-236.
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  4. Brian E. Butler, Matthew J. Brown, Phillip Deen, Loren Goldman, John Kaag, John Ryder, Patricia Shields, Joseph Soeters & Eric Weber (2013). Philosophical Pragmatism and International Relations: Essays for a Bold New World. Lexington Books.
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  5. Raoul Gervais & Erik Weber (2013). Inferential Explanations in Biology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (3):356-364.
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  6. Raoul Gervais & Erik Weber (2013). Plausibility Versus Richness in Mechanistic Models. Philosophical Psychology 26 (1):139-152.
    In this paper we argue that in recent literature on mechanistic explanations, authors tend to conflate two distinct features that mechanistic models can have or fail to have: plausibility and richness. By plausibility, we mean the probability that a model is correct in the assertions it makes regarding the parts and operations of the mechanism, i.e., that the model is correct as a description of the actual mechanism. By richness, we mean the amount of detail the model gives about the (...)
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  7. Bert Leuridan & Erik Weber (2013). Causality and Explanation in the Sciences: The Rest of the Best. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 78 (2):147-151.
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  8. E. Weber, T. A. C. Reydon, M. Boon, W. Houkes & P. E. Vermaas (2013). The ICE-Theory of Technical Functions. Metascience 22 (1):23-44.
    The ICE-theory of technical functions Content Type Journal Article Category Book Symposium Pages 1-22 DOI 10.1007/s11016-012-9642-9 Authors E. Weber, Centre for Logic and Philosophy of Science, Ghent University (UGent), Blandijnberg 2, 9000 Gent, Belgium T. A. C. Reydon, Institute of Philosophy, Leibniz University Hannover, Im Moore 21, 30167 Hannover, Germany M. Boon, Department of Philosophy, University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands W. Houkes, Philosophy and Ethics, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, (...)
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  9. Elisabeth Weber (ed.) (2013). Living Together: Jacques Derrida's Communities of Violence and Peace. Fordham University Press.
    " In this volume, the paradoxes, impossibilities, and singular chances that haunt the necessity of "living together" are evoked in Derrida's essay "Avowing--The Impossible: 'Returns,' Repentance, and Reconciliation," around which the ...
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  10. Erik Weber, Jeroen Van Bouwel & Leen De Vreese (2013). Scientific Explanation. Springer.
    When scientist investigate why things happen, they aim at giving an explanation. But what does a scientific explanation look like? In the first chapter (Theories of Scientific Explanation) of this book, the milestones in the debate on how to characterize scientific explanations are exposed. The second chapter (How to Study Scientific Explanation?) scrutinizes the working-method of three important philosophers of explanation, Carl Hempel, Philip Kitcher and Wesley Salmon and shows what went wrong. Next, it is the responsibility of current philosophers (...)
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  11. Bert Leuridan & Erik Weber (2012). Causality and Explanation in the Sciences. Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 27 (2):133-136.
    Editors’ introduction to the special issue on the Causality and Explanation in the Sciences conference, held at the University of Ghent in September 2011.Presentación del número monográfico sobre el congreso Causality and Explanation in the Sciences, celebrado en la Universidad de Gante en septiembre de 2011.
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  12. Eugen Lounkine, Michael J. Keiser, Steven Whitebread, Dmitri Mikhailov, Jacques Hamon, Jeremy L. Jenkins, Paul Lavan, Eckhard Weber, Allison K. Doak & Serge Côté (2012). Large-Scale Prediction and Testing of Drug Activity on Side-Effect Targets. In Jeffrey Kastner (ed.), Nature. Mit Press. 361-367.
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  13. Dunja Šešelja & Erik Weber (2012). Rationality and Irrationality in the History of Continental Drift: Was the Hypothesis of Continental Drift Worthy of Pursuit? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (1):147-159.
  14. Elijah Weber (2012). Context-Dependence in Searle's Impossibility Argument: A Reply to Butchard and D'Amico. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 42 (3):433-444.
    John Searle claims that social-scientific laws are impossible because social phenomena are physically open-ended. William Butchard and Robert D’Amico have recently argued that, by Searle’s own lights, money is a social phenomena that is physically closed. However, Butchard and D’Amico rely on a limited set of data in order to draw this conclusion, and fail to appreciate the implications of Searle’s theory of social ontology with regard to the physical open-endedness of money. Money is not physically open-ended in the strong (...)
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  15. Eric Thomas Weber (2012). Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., Legal Theory, and Judicial Restraint (Review). The Pluralist 7 (3):136-139.
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  16. Eric Thomas Weber (2012). Review Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., Legal Theory, and Judicial Restraint Kellogg Frederic R. Cambridge UP New York. The Pluralist 7 (3):136-139.
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  17. Erik Weber & Leen De Vreese (2012). Causation in Perspective. Are All Causal Claims Equally Warranted? Philosophica 84.
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  18. Erik Weber, Jeroen Van Bouwel & Merel Lefevere (2012). The Role of Unification in Explanations of Facts. In Henk de Regt, Samir Okasha & Stephan Hartmann (eds.), EPSA Philosophy of Science: Amsterdam 2009. Springer.
    In the literature on scientific explanation, there is a classical distinction between explanations of facts and explanations of laws. This paper is about explanations of facts. Our aim is to analyse the role of unification in explanations of this kind. We discuss five positions with respect to this role, argue for two of them and refute the three others.
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  19. Erik Weber & Maarten Van Dyck (2012). Rationally Evaluating Inconsistent Theories. Philosophica 86.
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  20. Erik Weber, Dietlinde Wouters & Joke Meheus (2012). Introduction. Philosophica 86 (4):319-322.
    This introduction clarifies the ideas behind the Logic, Reasoning and Rationality congress from which the papers in this issue are selected. These ideas are situated in the history of 20th century philosophy (Vienna Circle, Kuhn, ...). We also give an overview of the papers in this issue.
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  21. Jeroen Van Bouwel, Erik Weber & Leen De Vreese (2011). Indispensability Arguments in Favour of Reductive Explanations. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 42 (1):33 - 46.
    Instances of explanatory reduction are often advocated on metaphysical grounds; given that the only real things in the world are subatomic particles and their interaction, we have to try to explain everything in terms of the laws of physics. In this paper, we show that explanatory reduction cannot be defended on metaphysical grounds. Nevertheless, indispensability arguments for reductive explanations can be developed, taking into account actual scientific practice and the role of epistemic interests. Reductive explanations might be indispensable to address (...)
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  22. Raoul Gervais & Erik Weber (2011). The Covering Law Model Applied to Dynamical Cognitive Science: A Comment on Joel Walmsley. Minds and Machines 21 (1):33-39.
    In a 2008 paper, Walmsley argued that the explanations employed in the dynamical approach to cognitive science, as exemplified by the Haken, Kelso and Bunz model of rhythmic finger movement, and the model of infant preservative reaching developed by Esther Thelen and her colleagues, conform to Carl Hempel and Paul Oppenheim’s deductive-nomological model of explanation (also known as the covering law model). Although we think Walmsley’s approach is methodologically sound in that it starts with an analysis of scientific practice rather (...)
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  23. Bert Leuridan & Erik Weber (2011). The IARC and Mechanistic Evidence. In Phyllis Illari, Federica Russo & Jon Williamson (eds.), Causality in the Sciences. Oxford University Press. 91--109.
    The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) is an organization which seeks to identify the causes of human cancer. Per agent, such as betel quid or Human Papillomaviruses, they review the available evidence deriving from epidemiological studies, animal experiments and information about mechanisms (and other data). The evidence of the different groups is combined such that an overall assessment of the carcinogenicity of the agent in question is obtained. In this paper, we critically review the IARC’s carcinogenicity evaluations. First (...)
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  24. John J. Stuhr, Richard Shusterman, Mary Magada-Ward, Jessica Wahman, William S. Lewis, Michael Hg Hoffmann, Eric Thomas Weber & Jacquelyn Ak Kegley (2011). 1. Front Matter Front Matter (Pp. I-Iv). Journal of Speculative Philosophy 25 (1).
     
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  25. Jeroen van Bouwel & Erik Weber (2011). Explanation in the Social Sciences. In Ian Jarvie Jesus Zamora Bonilla (ed.), The Sage Handbook of the Philosophy of Social Sciences. Sage.
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  26. Jeroen van Bouwel, Erik Weber & Leen de Vreese (2011). Indispensability Arguments in Favour of Reductive Explanations. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 42 (1):33-46.
    Instances of explanatory reduction are often advocated on metaphysical grounds; given that the only real things in the world are subatomic particles and their interaction, we have to try to explain everything in terms of the laws of physics. In this paper, we show that explanatory reduction cannot be defended on metaphysical grounds. Nevertheless, indispensability arguments for reductive explanations can be developed, taking into account actual scientific practice and the role of epistemic interests. Reductive explanations might be indispensable to address (...)
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  27. Elke U. Weber & Eric J. Johnson (2011). Query Theory: Knowing What We Want by Arguing with Ourselves. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (2):91-92.
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  28. Eric Thomas Weber (2011). What Experimentalism Means in Ethics. Journal of Speculative Philosophy 25 (1):98-115.
    The factors which have brought society to its present pass and impasse contain forces which, when released and constructively utilized, form the positive basis of an educational philosophy and practice that will recover and will develop our original national ideals. The basic principle in that philosophy and practice is that we should use that method of experimental action called natural science to form a disposition which puts a supreme faith in the experimental use of intelligence in all situations of life.In (...)
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  29. Leen Vreese, Erik Weber & Jeroen Bouwel (2010). Explanatory Pluralism in the Medical Sciences: Theory and Practice. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 31 (5):371-390.
    Explanatory pluralism is the view that the best form and level of explanation depends on the kind of question one seeks to answer by the explanation, and that in order to answer all questions in the best way possible, we need more than one form and level of explanation. In the first part of this article, we argue that explanatory pluralism holds for the medical sciences, at least in theory. However, in the second part of the article we show that (...)
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  30. Eric Thomas Weber (2010). On Applying Ethics: Who's Afraid of Plato's Cave? Contemporary Pragmatism 7 (2):91-103.
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  31. Erik Weber (2010). Causal Methodology. A Comment on Nancy Cartwright's Hunting Causes and Using Them. [REVIEW] Analysis 70 (2):318-325.
    (No abstract is available for this citation).
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  32. Jan Willem Wieland & Erik Weber (2010). Metaphysical Explanatory Asymmetries. Logique and Analyse 53 (211):345-365.
    The general view is that metaphysical explanation is asymmetric. For instance, if resemblance facts can be explained by facts about their relata, then, by the asymmetry of explanation, these latter facts cannot in turn be explained by the former. The question however is: is there any reason to hold on to the asymmetry? If so, what does it consist in? In the paper we approach these questions by comparing them to analogous questions that have been investigated for scientific explanations. Three (...)
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  33. Jan Willem Wieland & Erik Weber (2010). Metaphysical Explanatory Asymmetries. Logique Et Analyse 53 (211):345.
     
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  34. Eric Weber (2009). The Responsibilities and Dangers of Pragmatism. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 16 (1):123-129.
    John Lachs has argued that the value of academic philosophers rests not in their scholarly writing, but fundamentally in their ability to educate minds to be critical and open. In this paper, I show the continuity of this outlook on the work of philosophers with Lachs's stoic pragmatism. Stoic pragmatism is the view that the pragmatic optimism of thinkers like James, Royce, and Dewey must be tempered by a stoic acceptance of our limitations as human beings. While I support Lachs's (...)
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  35. Eric Thomas Weber & Andrew F. Smith (2009). Religion and Democratic Citizenship: Inquiry and Conviction in the American Public Square By J. Caleb Clanton. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 45 (3):449-456.
  36. Eric Thomas Weber & Andrew F. Smith (2009). Religion and Democratic Citizenship: Inquiry and Conviction in the American Public Square (Review). Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society: A Quarterly Journal in American Philosophy 45 (3):449-456.
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  37. Erik Weber (2009). How Probabilistic Causation Can Account for the Use of Mechanistic Evidence. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 23 (3):277-295.
    In a recent article in this journal, Federica Russo and Jon Williamson argue that an analysis of causality in terms of probabilistic relationships does not do justice to the use of mechanistic evidence to support causal claims. I will present Ronald Giere's theory of probabilistic causation, and show that it can account for the use of mechanistic evidence (both in the health sciences—on which Russo and Williamson focus—and elsewhere). I also review some other probabilistic theories of causation (of Suppes, Eells, (...)
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  38. Erik Weber (2009). Varieties of Democracy in Science Policy. In Jeroen Van Bouwel (ed.), The Social Sciences and Democracy. Palgrave Macmillan.
  39. Erik Weber & Leen De Vreese (2009). Conceptual Analysis of Causation and Theoretical Utility in Everyday Contexts. Logique Et Analyse 206:177-190.
    In this paper we elaborate Ned Hall's theoretical utility perspective for causation in everyday contexts. We do this by presenting some instances of it, thereby adding some flesh to the skeleton that Hall has provided. Our elaboration of the theoretical utility perspective also provides arguments for it: the instances we present show the fruitfulness of the approach. A question raised by Hall's proposal is: should we give up descriptive analysis of causation (and descriptive analysis in general) completely? We argue that, (...)
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  40. Erik Weber & Jeroen Van Bouwel (2009). Causation, Unification, and the Adequacy of Explanations of Facts. THEORIA. An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science 24 (3):301-320.
    Pluralism with respect to the structure of explanations of facts is not uncommon. Wesley Salmon, for instance, distinguished two types of explanation: causal explanations (which provide insight in the causes of the fact we want to explain) and unification explanations (which fit the explanandum into a unified world view). The pluralism which Salmon and others have defended is compatible with several positions about the exact relation between these two types of explanations. We distinguish four such positions, and argue in favour (...)
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  41. Jeroen Van Bouwel & Erik Weber (2008). De-Ontologizing the Debate on Social Explanations: A Pragmatic Approach Based on Epistemic Interests. Human Studies 31 (4):423 - 442.
    In a recent paper on realism and pragmatism published in this journal, Osmo Kivinen and Tero Piiroinen have been pleading for more methodological work in the philosophy of the social sciences—refining the conceptual tools of social scientists—and less philosophically ontological theories. Following this de-ontologizing approach, we scrutinize the debates on social explanation and contribute to the development of a pragmatic social science methodology. Analyzing four classic debates concerning explanation in the social sciences, we propose to shift the debate away from (...)
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  42. Leen De Vreese & Erik Weber (2008). Confusion and Bad Arguments in the Conceptual Analysis of Causation. Logique Et Analyse 201:81-99.
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  43. Bert Leuridan, Erik Weber & Maarten Van Dyck (2008). The Practical Value of Spurious Correlations: Selective Versus Manipulative Policy. Analysis 68 (4):298 - 303.
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  44. Bert Leuridan, Erik Weber & Maarten Van Dyck (2008). The Practical Value of Spurious Correlations: Selective Versus Manipulative Policy. Analysis 68 (300):298-303.
    In the past 25 years, many philosophers have endorsed the view that the practical value of causal knowledge lies in the fact that manipulation of causes is a good way to bring about a desired change in the effect. This view is intuitively very plausible. For instance, we can predict a storm on the basis of a barometer reading, but we cannot avoid the storm by manipulating the state of the barometer (barometer status and storm are effects of a common (...)
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  45. Jeroen van Bouwel & Erik Weber (2008). A Pragmatist Defense of Non-Relativistic Explanatory Pluralism in History and Social Science. History and Theory 47 (2):168–182.
    Explanatory pluralism has been defended by several philosophers of history and social science, recently, for example, by Tor Egil Førland in this journal. In this article, we provide a better argument for explanatory pluralism, based on the pragmatist idea of epistemic interests. Second, we show that there are three quite different senses in which one can be an explanatory pluralist: one can be a pluralist about questions, a pluralist about answers to questions, and a pluralist about both. We defend the (...)
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  46. Jeroen Van Bouwel & Erik Weber (2008). De-Ontologizing the Debate on Social Explanations: A Pragmatic Approach Based on Epistemic Interests. [REVIEW] Human Studies 31 (4):423-442.
    In a recent paper on realism and pragmatism published in this journal, Osmo Kivinen and Tero Piiroinen have been pleading for more methodological work in the philosophy of the social sciences—refining the conceptual tools of social scientists—and less philosophically ontological theories. Following this de-ontologizing approach, we scrutinize the debates on social explanation and contribute to the development of a pragmatic social science methodology. Analyzing four classic debates concerning explanation in the social sciences, we propose to shift the debate away from (...)
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  47. Eric Thomas Weber (2008). Dewey and Rawls on Education. Human Studies 31 (4):361 - 382.
    In this paper I compare the roles that the explicit and implicit educational theories of John Dewey and John Rawls play in their political works to show that Rawls’s approach is skeletal and inappropriate for defenders of democracy. I also uphold Dewey’s belief that education is valuable in itself, not only derivatively, contra Rawls. Next, I address worries for any educational theory concerning problems of distributive justice. Finally, I defend Dewey’s commitment to democracy as a consequence of the demands of (...)
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  48. Eric Thomas Weber (2008). Proper Names and Persons: Peirce's Semiotic Consideration of Proper Names. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 44 (2):pp. 346-362.
    Charles S. Peirce’s theory of proper names bears helpful insights for how we might think about his understanding of persons. Persons, on his view, are continuities, not static objects. I argue that Peirce’s notion of the legisign, particularly proper names, sheds light on the habitual and conventional elements of what it means to be a person. In this paper, I begin with an account of what philosophers of language have said about proper names in order to distinguish Peirce’s theory of (...)
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  49. Eric Thomas Weber (2008). Religion, Public Reason, and Humanism: Paul Kurtz on Fallibilism and Ethics. Contemporary Pragmatism 5 (2):131-147.
  50. Erik Weber (2008). Introduction. Philosophica 82:1-3.
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