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  1. Edward L. Keenan, Editorial: Semantic Approaches to Binding.
    Binding relations are fimdamentally semantic in nature. They arise as relations that are established with an interpretation. This is most apparent with dynamic binding, of the kind found in Dynamic Predicate Logic. Here it is the runtime of the evaluation that may permit a binding relation, in..
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  2. Edward L. Keenan, Further Beyond the Frege Boundary.
    avant propos This paper is basically Keenan (1992) augmented by some new types of properly polyadic quantification in natural language drawn from Moltmann (1992), Nam (1991) and Srivastav (1990). In addition I would draw the reader's attention to recent mathematical studies of polyadic quantiicationz Ben-Shalom (1992), Spaan (1992) and Westerstahl (1992). The first and third of these extend and generalize (in some cases considerably) the techniques and results in Keenan (1992). Finally I would like to acknowledge the stimulating and constructive (...)
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  3. Edward L. Keenan, Further Excursions in Natural Logic: The Mid—Point Theorems.
    Pursuing a study begun in (Keenan 2004) this note investigates inference patterns in natural language which proportionality quantifiers enter. We desire to identify such patterns and to isolate any such which are specific to proportionality quantifiers.
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  4. Edward L. Keenan, Lexical Freedom and Large Categories.
    Grammatical categories of English expressions are shown to differ with regard to the freedom we have in semantically interpreting their lexical (= syntactically simplest) expressions. Section 1 reviews the categories of expression we consider. Section 2 empirically supports that certain of these categories are lexically free, a notion we formally define, in the sense that anything which is denotable by a complex expression in the category is available as a denotation for lexical expressions in the category. Other categories are shown (...)
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  5. Edward L. Keenan, Morphology is Structure: A Malagasy Test Case.
    roots In the Lexicon of Malagasy we include an entry whose string part is vidy ('buy'). Its category is 'RT [AG, TH) ', indicating that it is a root and is associated with a two element set of theta roles, AGFNT and THEME. Semantically this entry is interpreted as a binary relation (= a two participant event), noted VIDY'.
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  6. Edward L. Keenan, Passive in the World's Languages.
    In this chapter we shall examine the characteristic properties of a construction wide-spread in the world’s languages, the passive. In section 1 below we discuss defining characteristics of passives, contrasting them with other foregrounding and backgrounding constructions. In section 2 we present the common syntactic and semantic properties of the most wide-spread types of passives, and in section 3 we consider passives which differ in one or more ways from these. In section 4, we survey a variety of constructions that (...)
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  7. Edward L. Keenan, Reciprocals in Malagasy.
    a transitive verb, Lt b) is its minimal correspondent built with a reciprocal verb.* (I) a. m+aN+enjika (Manenjika) an-dRabe Rakoto. pREs+AcT+cltase Acc-Rabe Rakoto..
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  8. Edward L. Keenan & Edward P. Stabler, Linguistic Invariants and Language Variation.
    We illustrate a novel conception of linguistic invariant which applies to grammars of different natural languages (English, Korean,...) even though they may use different categories and have difl'erent rules. We illustrate formally how semantically defined notions, such as "is an anaphor" may be invariant in all linguistically motivated grammars (the issue is an empirical one), and we show that individual morphemes, such as case markers, may be invariant in grammars that have them in exactly the same sense in which (...)
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  9. Edward P. Stabler & Edward L. Keenan, Stmctural Similarity Within and Among Languages.
    Linguists rely on intuitive conceptions of structure when comparing expressions and languages. In an algebraic presentation of a language, some natural notions of similarity can be rigorously defined (e.g. among elements of a language, equivalence w.r.t. isomorphisms of the language; and among languages, equivalence w.r.t. isomorphisms of symmetry groups), but it tums out that slightly more complex and nonstandard notions are needed to capture the kinds of comparisons linguists want to make. This paper identihes some of the important notions of (...)
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  10. Edward L. Keenan & Denis Paperno (2011). Erratum To: Stanley Peters and Dag Westerståhl: Quantifiers in Language and Logic. [REVIEW] Linguistics and Philosophy 34 (1):91-91.
    Erratum to: Stanley Peters and Dag Westerståhl: Quantifiers in language and logic Content Type Journal Article Category Erratum Pages 1-1 DOI 10.1007/s10988-011-9094-5 Authors Edward L. Keenan, Department of Linguistics, University of California at Los Angeles, 3125 Campbell Hall, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1543, USA Denis Paperno, Department of Linguistics, University of California at Los Angeles, 3125 Campbell Hall, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1543, USA Journal Linguistics and Philosophy Online ISSN 1573-0549 Print ISSN 0165-0157.
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  11. Edward L. Keenan & Denis Paperno (2010). Stanley Peters and Dag Westerståhl: Quantifiers in Language and Logic OUP, New York, 2006, 528 Pp. [REVIEW] Linguistics and Philosophy 33 (6):513 - 549.
    Quantifiers in Language and Logic (QLL) is a major contribution to natural language semantics, specifically to quantification. It integrates the extensive recent work on quantifiers in logic and linguistics. It also presents new observations and results. QLL should help linguists understand the mathematical generalizations we can make about natural language quantification, and it should interest logicians by presenting an extensive array of quantifiers that lie beyond the pale of classical logic. Here we focus on those aspects of QLL we judge (...)
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  12. Edward L. Keenan (2009). Some Logical Properties of Natural Language Quantifiers. In Joseph Almog & Paolo Leonardi (eds.), The Philosophy of David Kaplan. Oxford University Press. 60.
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  13. Chris Barker, Edward L. Keenan, Dag Westerståhl, Jamie Tappenden, Edward Zalta & Gila Sher (2008). The Sheraton Hotel Pasadena, California March 20–21, 2008. Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 14 (3).
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  14. Edward L. Keenan (1996). The Semantics of Determiners. In Shalom Lappin (ed.), The Handbook of Contemporary Semantic Theory. Blackwell. 41--64.
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  15. Hans Kamp, Boem-mo Kang, Paul Kay, Ali Kazmi, Edward L. Keenan, Jeff King, Ewan Klein, Angelika Kratzer, Manfred Krifka & William Ladusaw (1995). 688 ACKNOWLEDGMENT Iwanska, Lucia Johnson, Mark Kadmon, Nirit K~ Ilm~ N, L~ Zlo. Linguistics and Philosophy 18:687-688.
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  16. Edward L. Keenan (1993). Natural Language, Sortal Reducibility and Generalized Quantifiers. Journal of Symbolic Logic 58 (1):314-325.
    Recent work in natural language semantics leads to some new observations on generalized quantifiers. In § 1 we show that English quantifiers of type $ $ are booleanly generated by their generalized universal and generalized existential members. These two classes also constitute the sortally reducible members of this type. Section 2 presents our main result--the Generalized Prefix Theorem (GPT). This theorem characterizes the conditions under which formulas of the form Q1x 1⋯ Qnx nRx 1⋯ xn and q1x 1⋯ qnx nRx (...)
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  17. Edward L. Keenan (1992). Beyond the Frege Boundary. Linguistics and Philosophy 15 (2):199 - 221.
    In sentences likeEvery teacher laughed we think ofevery teacher as aunary (=type ) quantifier — it expresses a property ofone place predicate denotations. In variable binding terms, unary quantifiers bind one variable. Two applications of unary quantifiers, as in the interpretation ofNo student likes every teacher, determine abinary (= (type ) quantifier; they express properties oftwo place predicate denotations. In variable binding terms they bind two variables. We call a binary quantifierFregean (orreducible) if it can in principle be expressed by (...)
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  18. Edward L. Keenan (1987). Unreducible N-Ary Quantifiers in Natural Language. In. In Peter Gärdenfors (ed.), Generalized Quantifiers. Reidel Publishing Company. 109--150.
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  19. Edward L. Keenan & Jonathan Stavi (1986). A Semantic Characterization of Natural Language Determiners. Linguistics and Philosophy 9 (3):253 - 326.
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  20. Edward L. Keenan (1983). Facing the Truth: Some Advantages of Direct Interpretation. [REVIEW] Linguistics and Philosophy 6 (3):335 - 371.
  21. Edward L. Keenan (1979). The Correspondence of Two Corners. Studies in East European Thought 19 (4):275-283.
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  22. Edward L. Keenan (ed.) (1975). Formal Semantics of Natural Language: Papers From a Colloquium Sponsored by the King's College Research Centre, Cambridge. Cambridge University Press.
  23. Edward L. Keenan (1973). Presupposition in Natural Logic. The Monist 57 (3):344-370.
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  24. Edward L. Keenan (1971). Two Kinds of Presupposition in Natural Language. In Charles J. Fillmore & D. Terence Langėndoen (eds.), Studies in Linguistic Semantics. Irvington. 45--54.
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