Search results for 'Edwin David Mares' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Edwin David Mares (2011). A Priori. Acumen.score: 1230.0
    Edwin Mares seeks to make the standard topics and current debates within a priori knowledge, including necessity and certainty, rationalism, empiricism and analyticity, Quine's attack on the a priori, Kantianism, Aristotelianism, mathematical knowledge, moral knowledge, logical knowledge, and philosophical knowledge, accessible to students.
     
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  2. Edwin David Mares (2004). Relevant Logic: A Philosophical Interpretation. Cambridge Univeristy Press.score: 870.0
    This book introduces the reader to relevant logic and provides it with a philosophical interpretation. The defining feature of relevant logic is that it forces the premises of an argument to be really used ('relevant') in deriving its conclusion. The logic is placed in the context of possible world semantics and situation semantics, which are then applied to provide an understanding of the various logical particles (especially implication and negation) and natural language conditionals. The book ends by examining various applications (...)
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  3. Jc Beall, Ross Brady, Michael Dunn, Allen Hazen, Edwin Mares, John Slaney, Robert K. Meyer, Graham Priest, Greg Restall, David Ripley & Richard Sylvan (2012). On the Ternary Relation and Conditionality. Journal of Philosophical Logic 41 (3):595-612.score: 810.0
    One of the most dominant approaches to semantics for relevant (and many paraconsistent) logics is the Routley–Meyer semantics involving a ternary relation on points. To some (many?), this ternary relation has seemed like a technical trick devoid of an intuitively appealing philosophical story that connects it up with conditionality in general. In this paper, we respond to this worry by providing three different philosophical accounts of the ternary relation that correspond to three conceptions of conditionality. We close by briefly discussing (...)
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  4. Jc Beall, Ross Brady, J. Michael Dunn, A. P. Hazen, Edwin Mares, Robert K. Meyer, Graham Priest, Greg Restall, David Ripley, John Slaney & Richard Sylvan (2012). On the Ternary Relation and Conditionality. Journal of Philosophical Logic 41 (3):595 - 612.score: 810.0
    One of the most dominant approaches to semantics for relevant (and many paraconsistent) logics is the Routley-Meyer semantics involving a ternary relation on points. To some (many?), this ternary relation has seemed like a technical trick devoid of an intuitively appealing philosophical story that connects it up with conditionality in general. In this paper, we respond to this worry by providing three different philosophical accounts of the ternary relation that correspond to three conceptions of conditionality. We close by briefly discussing (...)
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  5. David R. Gilbert & Edwin D. Mares (2012). Completeness Results for Some Two-Dimensional Logics of Actuality. Review of Symbolic Logic 5 (2):239-258.score: 810.0
    We provide a Hilbert-style axiomatization of the logic of , as well as a two-dimensional semantics with respect to which our logics are sound and complete. Our completeness results are quite general, pertaining to all such actuality logics that extend a normal and canonical modal basis. We also show that our logics have the strong finite model property and permit straightforward first-order extensions.
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  6. Edwin D. Mares (1994). Why We Need a Relevant Theory of Conditionals. Topoi 13 (1):31-36.score: 300.0
    This paper presents ConR (Conditional R), a logic of conditionals based on Anderson and Belnap''s system R. A Routley-Meyer-style semantics for ConR is given for the system (the completeness of ConR over this semantics is proved in E. Mares and A. Fuhrmann, A Relevant Theory of Conditionals (unpublished MS)). Moreover, it is argued that adopting a relevant theory of conditionals will improve certain theories that utilize conditionals, i.e. Lewis'' theory of causation, Lewis'' dyadic deontic logic, and Chellas'' dyadic deontic (...)
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  7. Edwin D. Mares (2009). General Information in Relevant Logic. Synthese 167 (2):343 - 362.score: 300.0
    This paper sets out a philosophical interpretation of the model theory of Mares and Goldblatt (The Journal of Symbolic Logic 71, 2006). This interpretation distinguishes between truth conditions and information conditions. Whereas the usual Tarskian truth condition holds for universally quantified statements, their information condition is quite different. The information condition utilizes general propositions . The present paper gives a philosophical explanation of general propositions and argues that these are needed to give an adequate theory of general information.
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  8. Francesco Berto, Edwin Mares, Koji Tanaka & Francesco Paoli (eds.) (2013). Paraconsistency: Logic and Applications. Springer.score: 240.0
    A logic is called 'paraconsistent' if it rejects the rule called 'ex contradictione quodlibet', according to which any conclusion follows from inconsistent premises. While logicians have proposed many technically developed paraconsistent logical systems and contemporary philosophers like Graham Priest have advanced the view that some contradictions can be true, and advocated a paraconsistent logic to deal with them, until recent times these systems have been little understood by philosophers. This book presents a comprehensive overview on paraconsistent logical systems to change (...)
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  9. Patrick Allo & Edwin Mares (2012). Informational Semantics as a Third Alternative? Erkenntnis 77 (2):167-185.score: 240.0
    Informational semantics were first developed as an interpretation of the model-theory of substructural (and especially relevant) logics. In this paper we argue that such a semantics is of independent value and that it should be considered as a genuine alternative explication of the notion of logical consequence alongside the traditional model-theoretical and the proof-theoretical accounts. Our starting point is the content-nonexpansion platitude which stipulates that an argument is valid iff the content of the conclusion does not exceed the combined content (...)
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  10. Edwin D. Mares & André Fuhrmann (1995). A Relevant Theory of Conditionals. Journal of Philosophical Logic 24 (6):645 - 665.score: 240.0
    In this paper we set out a semantics for relevant (counterfactual) conditionals. We combine the Routley-Meyer semantics for relevant logic with a semantics for conditionals based on selection functions. The resulting models characterize a family of conditional logics free from fallacies of relevance, in particular counternecessities and conditionals with necessary consequents receive a non-trivial treatment.
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  11. Jack Reynolds, James Chase, James Williams & Edwin Mares (eds.) (2010/2011). Postanalytic and Metacontinental: Crossing Philosophical Divides. Continuum.score: 240.0
    Analytic and Continental philosophy have become increasingly specialised and differentiated fields of endeavour. This important collection of essays details some of the more significant methodological and philosophical differences that have separated the two traditions, as well as examining the manner in which received understandings of the divide are being challenged by certain thinkers whose work might best be described as post-analytic and meta-continental. -/- Together these essays offer a well-defined sense of the field, of its once dominant distinctions and of (...)
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  12. Edwin Mares & Francesco Paoli (2014). Logical Consequence and the Paradoxes. Journal of Philosophical Logic 43 (2-3):439-469.score: 240.0
    We group the existing variants of the familiar set-theoretical and truth-theoretical paradoxes into two classes: connective paradoxes, which can in principle be ascribed to the presence of a contracting connective of some sort, and structural paradoxes, where at most the faulty use of a structural inference rule can possibly be blamed. We impute the former to an equivocation over the meaning of logical constants, and the latter to an equivocation over the notion of consequence. Both equivocation sources are tightly related, (...)
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  13. Charles G. Morgan & Edwin D. Mares (1995). Conditionals, Probability, and Non-Triviality. Journal of Philosophical Logic 24 (5):455-467.score: 240.0
    We show that the implicational fragment of intuitionism is the weakest logic with a non-trivial probabilistic semantics which satisfies the thesis that the probabilities of conditionals are conditional probabilities. We also show that several logics between intuitionism and classical logic also admit non-trivial probability functions which satisfy that thesis. On the other hand, we also prove that very weak assumptions concerning negation added to the core probability conditions with the restriction that probabilities of conditionals are conditional probabilities are sufficient to (...)
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  14. Edwin D. Mares (2004). “Four-Valued” Semantics for the Relevant Logic R. Journal of Philosophical Logic 33 (3):327-341.score: 240.0
    This paper sets out two semantics for the relevant logic R based on Dunn's four-valued semantics for first-degree entailments. Unlike Routley's semantics for weak relevant logics, they do not use two ternary accessibility relations. Unlike Restall's semantics, they capture all of R. But there is a catch. Both of the present semantics are neighbourhood semantics, that is, they include sets of propositions in the specification of their frames.
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  15. Edwin D. Mares (1997). Who's Afraid of Impossible Worlds? Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 38 (4):516-526.score: 240.0
    A theory of ersatz impossible worlds is developed to deal with the problem of counterpossible conditionals. Using only tools standardly in the toolbox of possible worlds theorists, it is shown that we can construct a model for counterpossibles. This model is a natural extension of Lewis's semantics for counterfactuals, but instead of using classical logic as its base, it uses the logic LP.
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  16. Edwin D. Mares & Paul McNamara (1997). Supererogation in Deontic Logic: Metatheory for DWE and Some Close Neighbours. [REVIEW] Studia Logica 59 (3):397-415.score: 240.0
    In "Doing Well Enough: Toward a Logic for Common Sense Morality", Paul McNamara sets out a semantics for a deontic logic which contains the operator It is supererogatory that. As well as having a binary accessibility relation on worlds, that semantics contains a relative ordering relation, . For worlds u, v and w, we say that u w v when v is at least as good as u according to the standards of w. In this paper we axiomatize logics complete (...)
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  17. Edwin D. Mares (2002). A Paraconsistent Theory of Belief Revision. Erkenntnis 56 (2):229 - 246.score: 240.0
    This paper presents a theory of belief revision that allows people to come tobelieve in contradictions. The AGM theory of belief revision takes revision,in part, to be consistency maintenance. The present theory replacesconsistency with a weaker property called coherence. In addition to herbelief set, we take a set of statements that she rejects. These two sets arecoherent if they do not overlap. On this theory, belief revision maintains coherence.
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  18. Edwin Mares (2010). The Nature of Information: A Relevant Approach. Synthese 175 (1):111 - 132.score: 240.0
    In "General Information in Relevant Logic" (Synthese 167, 2009), the semantics for relevant logic is interpreted in terms of objective information. Objective information is potential data that is available in an environment. This paper explores the notion of objective information further. The concept of availability in an environment is developed and used as a foundation for the semantics, in particular, as a basis for the understanding of the information that is expressed by relevant implication. It is also used to understand (...)
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  19. Jack Reynolds, James Chase, James Williams & Edwin Mares (2010). Introduction: Post-Analytic and Meta-Continental Philosophy. In James Williams, Jack Reynolds, James Chase & Edwin Mares (eds.), Postanalytic and Metacontinental: Crossing Philosophical Divides. Continuum.score: 240.0
    This chapter sketches some of the difficulties involved in defining analytic and continental philosophy, but begins to elaborate an argument for the centrality of methodology to the 'divide'.
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  20. Edwin Mares (2012). Relevant Logic and the Philosophy of Mathematics. Philosophy Compass 7 (7):481-494.score: 240.0
  21. Edwin D. Mares & Robert Goldblatt (2006). An Alternative Semantics for Quantified Relevant Logic. Journal of Symbolic Logic 71 (1):163-187.score: 240.0
    The quantified relevant logic RQ is given a new semantics in which a formula for all xA is true when there is some true proposition that implies all x-instantiations of A. Formulae are modelled as functions from variable-assignments to propositions, where a proposition is a set of worlds in a relevant model structure. A completeness proof is given for a basic quantificational system QR from which RQ is obtained by adding the axiom EC of 'extensional confinement': for all x(A V (...)
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  22. Edwin Mares (forthcoming). Propositional Function. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 240.0
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  23. Edwin D. Mares (1995). A Star-Free Semantics for R. Journal of Symbolic Logic 60 (2):579 - 590.score: 240.0
    The purpose of this paper is to show that semantics for relevance logic, based on the Routley-Meyer semantics, can be given without using the Routley star operator to treat negation. In the resulting semantics, negation is treated implicationally. It is shown that, by the use of restrictions on the ternary accessibility relation, simplified by the use of some definitions, a semantics can be stipulated over which R is complete.
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  24. Edwin D. Mares (2000). Even Dialetheists Should Hate Contradictions. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 78 (4):503 – 516.score: 240.0
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  25. Edwin D. Mares (1992). Andersonian deontic logic. Theoria 58 (1):1-2.score: 240.0
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  26. André Fuhrmann & Edwin D. Mares (1994). On S. Studia Logica 53 (1):75 - 91.score: 240.0
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  27. Edwin D. Mares (1996). Relevant Logic and the Theory of Information. Synthese 109 (3):345 - 360.score: 240.0
    This paper provides an interpretation of the Routley-Meyer semantics for a weak negation-free relevant logic using Israel and Perry's theory of information. In particular, Routley and Meyer's ternary accessibility relation is given an interpretation in information-theoretic terms.
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  28. Edwin D. Mares (1992). Semantics for Relevance Logic with Identity. Studia Logica 51 (1):1 - 20.score: 240.0
    Models are constructed for a variety of systems of quantified relevance logic with identity. Models are given for systems with different principles governing the transitivity of identity and substitution, and the relative merits of these principles are discussed. The models in this paper are all extensions of the semantics of Fine's Semantics for Quantified Relevance Logic (Journal of Philosophical Logic 17 (1988)).
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  29. Edwin D. Mares & Robert K. Meyer (1992). The Admissibility of $\Gamma$ in ${\Rm R}4$. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 33 (2):197-206.score: 240.0
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  30. Edwin Mares (2013). A Lewisian Semantics for S2. History and Philosophy of Logic 34 (1):53-67.score: 240.0
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  31. Edwin D. Mares (2007). The Fact Semantics for Ramified Type Theory and the Axiom of Reducibility. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 48 (2):237-251.score: 240.0
    This paper uses an atomistic ontology of universals, individuals, and facts to provide a semantics for ramified type theory. It is shown that with some natural constraints on the sort of universals and facts admitted into a model, the axiom of reducibility is made valid.
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  32. Edwin D. Mares (1996). Special-Issue Book Review. Philosophia Mathematica 4 (2):198-202.score: 240.0
  33. Edwin Mares (2008). Maurice Marks Goldsmith. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 86 (4):699 – 701.score: 240.0
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  34. Edwin D. Mares (2000). Truth and Meaning: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Language Kenneth Taylor Maiden, MA: Blackwell, 1998, Xv + 399 Pp., $27.95 Paper. [REVIEW] Dialogue 39 (02):412-.score: 240.0
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  35. Edwin D. Mares (2002). Review: Marcus Kracht, Maarten de Rijke, Heinrich Wansing, Michael Zakharyaschev, Advances in Modal Logic. [REVIEW] Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 8 (1):95-97.score: 240.0
  36. Edwin D. Mares (1995). A Star-Free Semantics for $Mathbf{R}$. Journal of Symbolic Logic 60 (2):579-590.score: 240.0
    The purpose of this paper is to show that semantics for relevance logic, based on the Routley-Meyer semantics, can be given without using the Routley star operator to treat negation. In the resulting semantics, negation is treated implicationally. It is shown that, by the use of restrictions on the ternary accessibility relation, simplified by the use of some definitions, a semantics can be stipulated over which $\mathbf{R}$ is complete.
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  37. Edwin D. Mares (2000). Ce is Not a Conservative Extension of E. Journal of Philosophical Logic 29 (3):263-275.score: 240.0
    The logic CE (for "Classical E") results from adding Boolean negation to Anderson and Belnap's logic E. This paper shows that CE is not a conservative extension of E.
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  38. Edwin Mares, Relevance Logic. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 240.0
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  39. Edwin Mares & Ken Perszyk (2011). I. The Problem of Molinist Conditionals. In Ken Perszyk (ed.), Molinism: The Contemporary Debate. Oup Oxford. 96.score: 240.0
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  40. Edwin D. Mares (2000). The Incompleteness of RGL. Studia Logica 65 (3):315-322.score: 240.0
    RGLis a version of the modal logic GLbased on the relevant logic R. It is shown that the class of RKframes that verify all theorems of RGLalso verify a scheme that we call (!). If RGLhas (!) as a theorem, however, it is not a relevant logic. I go on to show that not all instances of (!) are theorems of RGL, hence this logic is not complete over any class of RKframes.
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  41. Edwin D. Mares & Robert K. Meyer (1993). The Semantics Ofr. Journal of Philosophical Logic 22 (1):95 - 110.score: 240.0
    The Logic R4 is obtained by adding the axiom □(A v B) → (◇A v □B) to the modal relevant logic NR. We produce a model theory for this logic and show completeness. We also show that there is a natural embedding of a Kripke model for S4 in each R4 model structure.
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  42. Koji Tanaka, Francesco Berto, Edwin Mares & Francesco Paoli (2010). Guest Editors' Introduction. Logic and Logical Philosophy 19 (1-2):5-6.score: 240.0
    A logic is said to be paraconsistent if it doesn’t license you to infer everything from a contradiction. To be precise, let |= be a relation of logical consequence. We call |= explosive if it validates the inference rule: {A,¬A} |= B for every A and B. Classical logic and most other standard logics, including intuitionist logic, are explosive. Instead of licensing you to infer everything from a contradiction, paraconsistent logic allows you to sensibly deal with the contradiction.
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  43. Robert R. Archibald, Patrick J. Boylan, David Carr, Christy S. Coleman, Helen Coxall, Chuck Dailey, Jennifer Eichstedt, Hilde Hein, Eilean Hooper-Greenhill, Lesley Lewis, Timothy W. Luke, Didier Maleuvre, Suma Mallavarapu, Terry L. Maple, Michael A. Mares, Jennifer L. Martin, Jean-Paul Martinon, Scott G. Paris, Jeffrey H. Patchen, Marilyn E. Phelan, Donald Preziosi, Franklin W. Robinson, Douglas Sharon & Sherene Suchy (2006). Museum Philosophy for the Twenty-First Century. Altamira Press.score: 240.0
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  44. André Fuhrmann & D. Edwin (1994). Mares. On S. Studia Logica 53 (75-91):271-344.score: 240.0
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  45. Edwin D. Mares (2002). Advances in Modal Logic, Volume 1, Edited by Kracht Marcus, de Rijke Maarten, Wansing Heinrich, and Zakharyaschev Michael, CSLI Lecture Notes, No. 87, Center for the Study of Language and Information, Stanford 1998, Also Distributed by Cambridge University Press, New York, Xvi+ 392 Pp. [REVIEW] Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 8 (1):95-97.score: 240.0
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  46. Edwin D. Mares (2006). A Note on Aristotelian Theories. Logique Et Analyse 49:43-53.score: 240.0
     
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  47. Edwin D. Mares (1993). Classically Complete Modal Relevant Logics. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 39 (1):165-177.score: 240.0
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  48. Edwin Mares (2013). Editor's Introduction to C.I. Lewis and C.H. Langford 'A Note on Strict Implication'. History and Philosophy of Logic 35 (1):1-6.score: 240.0
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  49. Edwin D. Mares (2013). Information, Negation, and Paraconsistency. In. In Francesco Berto, Edwin Mares, Koji Tanaka & Francesco Paoli (eds.), Paraconsistency: Logic and Applications. Springer. 43--55.score: 240.0
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  50. Edwin Mares (2010). Logic and Metaphysics : Dummett Meets Heidegger. In James Williams (ed.), Postanalytic and Metacontinental: Crossing Philosophical Divides. Continuum.score: 240.0
     
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