53 found
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  1. Edwin E. Gantt, Jeffrey P. Lindstrom & Richard N. Williams (2016). The Generality of Theory and the Specificity of Social Behavior: Contrasting Experimental and Hermeneutic Social Science. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 46 (2).
    Since its inception, experimental social psychology has arguably been of two minds about the nature and role of theory. Contemporary social psychology's experimental approach has been strongly informed by the “nomological-deductive” approach of Carl Hempel in tandem with the “hypothetico-deducive” approach of Karl Popper. Social psychology's commitment to this hybrid model of science has produced at least two serious obstacles to more fruitful theorizing about human experience: the problem of situational specificity, and the manifest impossibility of formulating meaningful general laws (...)
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  2.  21
    Richard N. Williams & Edwin E. Gantt (2012). Felt Moral Obligation and the Moral Judgement–Moral Action Gap: Toward a Phenomenology of Moral Life. Journal of Moral Education 41 (4):417-435.
    The step-off point for this article is the problem of the ?moral judgement?moral action gap? as found in contemporary literature of moral education and moral development. We argue that this gap, and the conceptual problems encountered by attempts to bridge it, reflects the effect of a different, deeper and more problematic conceptual gap: the ?ontological? gap between meaningful moral events and the underlying natural structures or mechanical processes presumed to produce them. We contend that the very real fact that moral (...)
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  3. Edwin E. Gantt (1996). Social Constructionism and the Ethics of Hedonism. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 16 (2):123-140.
    Examines the assumption of hedonism that lies at the core of many social constructionist accounts of human interaction, and illustrates how it precludes an adequate understanding of agency, morality, and intimacy. The implications of such a hedonism are discussed, and a possible alternative to this hedonism which would allow for a more adequate account of agency, morality, and intimacy is briefly explored. It is argued that if social constructionism is going to come to grips with morality and agency it must (...)
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  4.  1
    Edwin E. Gantt (2016). Review of Psychology as a Moral Science: Perspectives on Normativity. [REVIEW] Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 36 (1):56-56.
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  5.  9
    Edwin E. Gantt (2001). Rationality, Irrationality, and the Ethical: On Saving Psychology From Nihilism. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 21 (1):1-19.
    Notes that much debate in contemporary psychology has been centered on the nature and scope of rationality and rational discourse. This paper seeks to elucidate 2 philosophical approaches that have come to occupy a central position in this debate: modernism and postmodernism. It will be argued that, although proceeding from antithetical assumptions concerning the proper grounding for philosophical and psychological endeavor, both modernism and postmodernism ultimately fall prey to epistemological skepticism and moral nihilism. The work of the French phenomenologist E. (...)
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  6.  6
    Edwin E. Gantt & Jeffrey S. Reber (1999). Sociobiological and Social Constructionist Accounts of Altruism: A Phenomenological Critique. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 30 (2):14-38.
    Much theorizing about altruism has been undertaken within a naturalistic and deterministic sociobiological framework that has sought to explain altruistic action in terms of underlying genetic selfishness. Recently, however, social constructionist thinkers have developed an alternative to such theorizing which suggests that human action arises out of fundamentally open-ended and malleable social relationships. This paper intends to show, however, that a reductive egoism is nonetheless still at work in such accounts, typically taking the form of an underlying concern for matters (...)
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  7.  4
    Edwin E. Gantt (2001). The Mismeasure of Desire: The Science, Theory, and Ethics of Sexual Orientation. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 21 (1):98.
    Reviews the book, The mismeasure of desire: The science, theory, and ethics of sexual orientation by Edward Stein . It would hardly be overstating the matter to say that perhaps the single most hotly debated issue in both psychology and contemporary American culture is the nature and origins of human sexual desires. In opposition to the currently more widely accepted thesis that sexual orientation is determined at birth, philosopher and educator Edward Stein argues in this new book that much of (...)
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  8. Edwin E. Gantt (2002). Agency, Embodiment, and the Ethical: On Saving Psychology From Biology. In Harald Atmanspacher & Robert C. Bishop (eds.), Between Chance and Choice: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Determinism. Thorverton Uk: Imprint Academic 447--467.
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  9.  18
    Bruce L. Brown, Dawson W. Hedges & Edwin E. Gantt (2008). Brain Processes and Holistic Isomorphism: Moving Toward a Humanistic Neuroscience. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 28 (2):356-374.
    A common quest among theoretical psychologists is the transformation of psychology to accommodate human agency and meaning. Several strong experimental methods are used in cognitive neuroscience but are based almost entirely upon a mechanistic ontology. A step toward rapprochement is proposed using precise and powerful experimental methods that are holistic, individualized, and compatible with an agentive ontology. Such methods must be applicable to all aspects of human experience, the subjective and agentive aspects, as well as the behavioural and the neurophysiological (...)
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  10.  18
    Edwin E. Gantt (1999). Review of The Disorder of Things: Metaphysical Foundations of the Disunity of Science. [REVIEW] Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 19 (2):226-227.
    Reviews the book, The disorder of things: Metaphysical foundations of the disunity of science by John Dupré . The book is carefully woven around two central and interrelated theses. First is the denial that "science constitutes, or could ever come to constitute, a single, unified project," and the second is an "assertion of the extreme diversity of the contents of the world." Ultimately, Dupré wishes to contend that the second of his theses "shows the inevitability of the first." Overall, Dupré (...)
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  11.  6
    Edwin E. Gantt (2002). Review of The Transformation of Psychology: Influences of 19th Century Philosophy, Technology, and Natural Science. [REVIEW] Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 22 (1):75-76.
    Reviews the book, The transformation of psychology: Influences of 19th century philosophy, technology, and natural science, edited by Christopher D. Green, Marlene Shore, and Thomas Teo . Many historians of psychology have noted that at the end of the 18th century, most leading thinkers felt strongly that by the vary nature of its subject matter psychology could never attain the level of natural science. However, by the beginning of the 20th century, an almost complete reversal of this position had occurred (...)
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  12.  7
    Edwin E. Gantt & Richard N. Williams (2014). Psychology and the Legacy of Newtonianism: Motivation, Intentionality, and the Ontological Gap. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 34 (2):83-100.
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  13.  4
    Edwin E. Gantt (1994). Truth, Freedom and Responsibility in the Dialogues of Psychotherapy. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 14 (2):146-158.
    Explores the theoretical and ethical implications inherent in Freudian psychoanalysis, Rogerian client-centered therapy, and Existentialist psychotherapy, under the premise that these are essentially ideologically motivated utopian statements. Because each of these 3 traditions privileges an idyllic conception of mental health and well-being, achievable only through strict adherence to restrictive codes of prescribed beliefs and behaviors, they ultimately reduce human freedom and possibility. In contrast to these traditional approaches, an alternative which seeks to radically reunderstand psychotherapeutic theory and practice in light (...)
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  14.  9
    Edwin E. Gantt (2000). Review of Readings in the Philosophy of Social Science. [REVIEW] Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 20 (1):91-91.
    Reviews the book, Readings in the philosophy of social science, edited by Michael Martin and Lee C. McIntyre . This is a large and comprehensive anthology in the philosophy of the social sciences. It offers not only well-selected readings but also three specially commissioned articles by Michael Martin, Daniel Little, and Alison Wylie. The book is divided into eight major sections that address topics such as: Prediction, Reductionism, Interpretation and Meaning, Rationality, Objectivity and Values, Individualism and Holism, and Functional Explanation. (...)
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  15.  6
    Samuel D. Downs, Edwin E. Gantt & James E. Faulconer (2012). Levinas, Meaning, and an Ethical Science of Psychology: Scientific Inquiry as Rupture. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 32 (2):69-85.
    Much of the understanding of the nature of science in contemporary psychology is founded on a positivistic philosophy of science that cannot adequately account for meaning as experienced. The phenomenological tradition provides an alternative approach to science that is attentive to the inherent meaningfulness of human action in the world. Emmanuel Levinas argues, however, that phenomenology, at least as traditionally conceived, does not provide sufficient grounds for meaning. Levinas argues that meaning is grounded in the ethical encounter with the Other (...)
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  16.  1
    Edwin E. Gantt (1994). Review of The Mind's We: Contextualism in Cognitive Psychology. [REVIEW] Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 14 (2):209-214.
    Reviews the book, The mind's we: Contextualism in cognitive psychology by Diane Gillespie . In this text the author has both expanded on several of the key insights previously outlined in the critical literature and provided a congenial introductory text for the newcomer; a text to serve as a conceptual bridge between traditional cognitive psychological approaches and their newly emergent contextualist alternatives. As stated in her preface, Gillespie's purpose in preparing this book was to "bring together the work of psychologists (...)
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  17.  2
    Edwin E. Gantt & Stephen C. Yanchar (2007). Irreducible Ethics: A Defense of Strenuousness and Responsibility. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 27 (1):35-52.
    This paper critiques the reduction of the significance of human moral action to mere social construction and suggests two perspectives that resist this theoretical maneuver. It is argued that any school of thought within psychology that cannot provide an adequate account of ethics and moral action ultimately fails as a psychology. This paper examines the social constructionist claims of Kenneth Gergen and others, arguing that, because it undermines the possibility of a meaningful morality by ushering in a form of nihilism, (...)
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  18.  5
    Edwin E. Gantt (2001). Review of Pathology and the Postmodern: Mental Illness as Discourse and Experience. [REVIEW] Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 21 (1):91-92.
    Reviews the book, Pathology and the postmodern: Mental illness as discourse and experience by Dwight Fee . This provocative collection of short essays, edited and assembled by Dwight Fee, constitutes yet another useful addition to SAGE Publications’ Inquiries in Social Construction series . Including the work of such postmodern and social constructionist thinkers as Kenneth Gergen, Mark Freeman, Vivian Burr, Jane Ussher, Simon Gottschalk, Steven Sabat and Rom Harré, this anthology sets out to explore the relationship between mental distress and (...)
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  19.  1
    Edwin E. Gantt (1995). Review of To the Other: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Emmanuel Levinas. [REVIEW] Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 15 (1):90-95.
    Reviews the book, To the other: An introduction to the philosophy of Emmanuel Levinas by Adriaan Peperzak . Peperzak begins his book with a broad and sweeping characterization of the principle thematics which animate Emmanuel Levinas' work. Against the backdrop of Levinas' personal and intellectual history, Peperzak briefly explores the development, meaning, and implications of such core concepts as: The phenomenology of the otherness of the Other, Equality and Asymmetry, Saying and The Said, Intersubjectivity and Society, and Time. 2012 APA, (...)
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  20. Edwin E. Gantt (2001). Books Briefly Noted. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 21 (2):179-185.
    Provides short reviews of 6 books on topics that include 19th century influences on psychology, intelligence of emotions, Jerome Bruner’s contributions to psychology, truth, the development of ideas in 19th century America, and evolutionary psychology. 2012 APA, all rights reserved).
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  21. Edwin E. Gantt (2000). Review of Psychology in Human Context: Essays in Dissidence and Reconstruction. [REVIEW] Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 20 (2):240-241.
  22. Edwin E. Gantt (1998). Abstract Collection. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 18 (2):225-229.
    Presented is a list of recently released books. These books contain topics centering on the history of theories and philosophies within the field of psychology. 2012 APA, all rights reserved).
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  23. Edwin E. Gantt (2000). An Invitation to Social Construction. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 20 (1):92-93.
     
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  24. Edwin E. Gantt (2000). Animal Models of Human Psychology: Critique of Science, Ethics, and Policy. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 19 (2):227-228.
     
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  25. Edwin E. Gantt (2002). Alas Poor Darwin: Arguments Against Evolutionary Psychology. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 22 (1):78.
     
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  26. Edwin E. Gantt (2000). Against Relativism: Philosophy of Science, Deconstruction, and Critical Theory. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 20 (1):93.
     
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  27. Edwin E. Gantt (2002). Books Briefly Noted. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 22 (1):75-78.
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  28. Edwin E. Gantt (2001). Contextualism in Psychological Research? A Critical Review. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 20 (2):242.
     
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  29. Edwin E. Gantt (2001). Challenges to Theoretical Psychology. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 20 (2):243-244.
     
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  30. Edwin E. Gantt (2000). Discovering Existence with Husserl. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 19 (2):227.
     
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  31. Edwin E. Gantt (2000). Everyday Mysteries: Existential Dimensions of Psychotherapy. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 19 (2):228-229.
     
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  32. Edwin E. Gantt (2001). From Soul to Mind: The Emergence of Psychology, From Erasmus Darwin to William James. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 20 (2):241.
     
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  33. Edwin E. Gantt (2000). Genes, Genesis, and God: Values and Their Origins in Natural and Human History. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 19 (2):229-230.
     
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  34. Edwin E. Gantt (2002). Jerome Bruner: Language, Culture, Self. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 22 (1):76.
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  35. Edwin E. Gantt (2001). Learning From Asian Philosophy. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 21 (1):95.
     
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  36. Edwin E. Gantt (2000). Medieval Foundations of the Western Intellectual Tradition: 400–1400. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 20 (1):94.
     
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  37. Edwin E. Gantt (2000). Merleau-Ponty, Interiority and Exteriority, Psychic Life and the World. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 20 (1):92.
    Reviews the book, Merleau-Ponty, interiority and exteriority, psychic life and the world by Dorothea Olkowski and James Morley . This book is a brief but informative and thoughtful anthology brings together the work of a number of contemporary scholars in philosophy, psychology, psychiatry, and comparative literature to demonstrate how Merleau-Ponty's understanding of the psyche and the material world has not only tremendous implications for philosophy, but also for the natural and social sciences. 2012 APA, all rights reserved).
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  38. Edwin E. Gantt (2001). Mystery of Mysteries: Is Evolution a Social Construction? Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 21 (1):93-94.
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  39. Edwin E. Gantt, Jeffrey R. Lacasse, Jacob Z. Hess & Nathan Vierling-Claassen (2014). Narrating the Brain. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 45 (2):168-208.
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  40. Edwin E. Gantt (2001). Psychological Concepts and Biological Psychiatry. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 21 (1):97-98.
  41. Edwin E. Gantt (2016). Review of A History of Psychology in Western Civilization. [REVIEW] Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 36 (1):57-58.
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  42. Edwin E. Gantt (2016). Review of Meaning in Positive and Existential Psychology. [REVIEW] Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 36 (1):56-57.
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  43. Edwin E. Gantt (2016). Review of Self-Observation in the Social Sciences. [REVIEW] Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 36 (1):57-57.
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  44. Edwin E. Gantt (2000). Review of The Uncertain Sciences. [REVIEW] Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 20 (1):91-92.
    Reviews the book, The uncertain sciences by Bruce Mazlish . In this very wide-ranging book, Mazlish examines the achievements, failings, and possibilities of the human sciences—understood broadly to include history, anthropology, political science, psychology, sociology, economics and other related disciplines. 2012 APA, all rights reserved).
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  45. Edwin E. Gantt (2016). Review of The Value of Psychotherapy: The Talking Cure in an Age of Clinical Science. [REVIEW] Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 36 (1):58-59.
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  46. Edwin E. Gantt (2001). Re-Envisioning Psychology: Moral Dimensions of Theory and Practice. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 20 (2):244-245.
     
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  47. Edwin E. Gantt & Brent S. Melling (2009). Science, Psychology, and Religion: An Invitation to Jamesian Pluralism. Journal of Mind and Behavior 30 (3):149-164.
    Perspectives on the relationship between psychology and religion have run the gamut from integration to mutual suspicion to open hostility. Despite increasing calls for greater sensitivity to the issues surrounding the psychological study of religion, significant conceptual and methodological problems remain. We propose that the pluralistic philosophy of William James provides not only an example of how a radically empirical psychology might be formulated, but also how such an approach allows for a serious psychological investigation of religion and religious experience. (...)
     
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  48. Edwin E. Gantt (2001). The Body. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 21 (1):96-97.
     
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  49. Edwin E. Gantt (2001). The Crucible of Experience: RD Laing and the Crisis of Psychotherapy. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 21 (1):94-95.
     
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  50. Edwin E. Gantt (2001). The Complete Social Scientist: A Kurt Lewin Reader. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 21 (1):92-93.
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