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  1. Eike-Henner W. Kluge (2012). Ethical Considerations on Methods Used in Abortions. Health Care Analysis:1-18.
    There is a fundamental inconsistency in Western society’s treatment of non-human animals on the one hand, and of human foetuses on the other. While most Western countries allow the butchering of animals and their use in experimentation, this must occur under carefully controlled conditions that are intended to minimize their pain and suffering as much as possible. At the same time, most Western countries permit various abortion methods without similar concerns for the developing fetus. The only criteria for deciding which (...)
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  2. Eike-Henner W. Kluge (2010). The Ethics of Health Barriers to Immigration: Morality Among Neighbours. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 18 (4):342-357.
    Many countries encourage immigration, yet almost without exception they impose medical conditions on the admissibility of prospective immigrants. This paper examines the ethical defensibility of this practice. It argues that the neighbourhood principle, which states that we owe a greater duty to neighbours than to strangers, when properly understood, extends to all human beings, that economic and safety considerations play only a limited role in ethically underwriting an exclusionary policy, and that medical immigration criteria should be harmonized with treatment eligibility (...)
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  3. Eike-Henner W. Kluge (2009). Quality-of-Life Considerations in Substitute Decision-Making for Severely Disabled Neonates: The Problem of Developing Awareness. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (5):351-366.
    Substitute decision-makers for severely disabled neonates who can be kept alive but who will require constant medical interventions and will die at the latest in their teens are faced with a difficult decision when trying to decide whether to keep the infant alive. By and large, the primary focus of their decision-making centers on what is in the best interests of the newborn. The best-interests criterion, in turn, is importantly conditioned by quality-of-life considerations. However, the concept of quality of life (...)
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  4. Eike-Henner W. Kluge (2008). Scotus on Accidental and Essential Causes. Franciscan Studies 66 (1):233 - 246.
    At ’Opus Oxoniense’ book I, d.2, q.1, John Duns Scotus gives an argument for the existence of God that is based on the distinction between essentially and accidentally ordered efficient causes. Historically, this argument has been rejected because the claim that accidentally ordered causes require essentially ordered causes to account for the perpetuation of forms is question-begging. I argue that the critics of Scotus’s argument have failed to consider the ontology of the theory substance, accident and causation with which Scotus (...)
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  5. Eike-Henner W. Kluge (2007). Sex Selection: Some Ethical And Policy Considerations. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 15 (2):73-89.
    Sex selection, which refers to the attempt to choose or control the sex of a child prior to its birth, has become the subject of increasing ethical scrutiny and many jurisdictions have criminalized it except for serious sex-linked diseases or conditions that cannot easily be ameliorated or remedied. This paper argues that such a blanket prohibition is ethically unwarranted because it is based on a flawed understanding of the difference between sexist values and mere sex-oriented preferences. It distinguishes between ethics (...)
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  6. Eike-Henner W. Kluge (2006). Alfred I. Tauber, Patient Autonomy and the Ethics of Responsibility Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 26 (4):296-298.
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  7. Eike-Henner W. Kluge (2003). Patenting Human Genes: When Economic Interests Trump Logic and Ethics. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 11 (2):119-130.
    To date, over 5,000 applications have been filed with United States Patent Office for patents on human genes. More than 1,500 of these applications have been granted. Other jurisdictions are experiencing a similar rush to mine and protect genomic gold. This paper argues that although many jurisdictions allow the patenting of human genes, this is ethically indefensible and amounts to an unjustified appropriation of a general human heritage. Economic and legal arguments in favour of patenting are considered and rejected. Reference (...)
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  8. Eike-Henner W. Kluge (2002). Ethical Issues in Geriatric Medicine: A Unique Problematic? [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 10 (4):379-390.
    It is commonly believed thatgeriatric medicine generates a distinctive setof ethical problems. Implicated are such issuesas resource allocation, competence and consent,advance directives, medical futility anddeliberate death. It is also argued that itwould be unjust to allow the elderly to competewith younger populations for expensive andscarce health care resources because theelderly “have already lived,” and that treatingthem the same as these other populations woulddiminish the available resources unfairly,prolong a life of inevitably failing health andresult in increased health care expenditures.In fact, however, (...)
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  9. Eike-Henner W. Kluge & Kimberley Tomasson (2002). Health Care Resource Allocation: Complicating Ethical Factors at the Macro-Allocation Level. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 10 (2):209-220.
    It is generally assumed that allocation problems in a socialized health care system result from limited resources and too much demand. Attempts at solutions have therefore centered in increasing efficiency, using evidence-based decision-making and on developing ways of balancing competing demands within the existing resource limitation. This article suggests that some of the difficulties in macro-allocation decision-making may result from the use of conflicting ethical perspectives by decision-makers. It presents evidence from a preliminary Canadian study to this effect.
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  10. Eike-Henner W. Kluge (2000). Elective, Non-Therapeutic Ventilation. Bioethics 14 (3):240–247.
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  11. Eike-Henner W. Kluge (2000). Improving Organ Retrieval Rates: Various Proposals and Their Ethical Validity. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 8 (3):279-295.
    The current global shortage of organs has prompted aseries of proposals for improving organ retrievalrates. They include preferred recipient status forregistered organ donors, payment for organs, presumedconsent and required response. This paper examinesthe tenability of these proposals and points out theirshortcomings. Taking the Canadian situation as anexample, it argues further that the shortage isexacerbated by unethical and essentially illegalretrieval protocols that flout the law of informedconsent. It is suggested that before any redrafting oflaws and regulations is undertaken, these protocolsshould be (...)
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  12. Eike-Henner W. Kluge (1999). The Canadian Health Care System: An Analytical Perspective. Health Care Analysis 7 (4):377-391.
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  13. Eike-Henner W. Kluge (1994). Who Lives? Who Dies? Ethical Criteria in Patient Selection John F. Kilner New Haven, CT, and London: Yale University Press, 1990, Xiv + 359 Pp. [REVIEW] Dialogue 33 (03):565-.
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  14. Eike-Henner W. Kluge (1993). Medicine as a Service-Provider Monopoly. Professional Ethics 2 (3/4):127-148.
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  15. Eike-Henner W. Kluge (1991). Competition and Function. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 10 (3):29-52.
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  16. Eike-Henner W. Kluge (1991). Competition and Function: The Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement and the Philosophy of Health Care. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 10 (3):29 - 52.
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  17. Eike-Henner W. Kluge (1989). St. Augustine and the Second Way. Franciscan Studies 49 (1):34-54.
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  18. Eike-Henner W. Kluge (1989). The Canadian Scene. Hastings Center Report 19 (6):4-4.
     
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  19. Eike-Henner W. Kluge (1987). Non-Naturalism Revisited; Rights/Obligations as Emergent Entities. Grazer Philosophische Studien 30:139-160.
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  20. Eike-Henner W. Kluge (1985). Michael Tooley, Abortion and Infanticide Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 5 (8):363-368.
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  21. Eike-Henner W. Kluge (1984). Cerebral Death. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 5 (2).
    The notion of cerebral death is examined in relation to those of cardiopulmonary and whole-brain death. It is argued that rather than being a new concept of death, it is merely a new criterion that leaves the old concept — death as loss of personhood — intact. The argument begins on a theoretical level with the distinction between criteria and concepts, places both into context with the notion of a conceptual framework in its relation to empirical reality, and then particularizes (...)
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  22. Eike-Henner W. Kluge (1981). On Defining Death: An Analytic Study of the Concept of Death in Philosophy and Medical Ethics. By Douglas N. Walton. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press. 1979. Pp. Xii, 189. $15.95. [REVIEW] Dialogue 20 (03):616-620.
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  23. Eike-Henner W. Kluge (1981). The Ethics of Deliberate Death. Kennikat Press.
     
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  24. Eike-Henner W. Kluge (1980). Bolzano and Frege. Grazer Philosophische Studien 10:21-41.
    Bolzano's position on logic and his theory of sentences-in-themselves and their analysis, as well as his position on existence statements and subjective representations show a striking and profound similarity to Frege's theory of thoughts, his analysis of propositions, representations and judgment, as well as his position on the nature of logic in general. Bolzano's theories on these points, therefore, may well have been seminal to the development of Frege's position.
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  25. Eike-Henner W. Kluge (1979). The Commentary of Conrad of Prussia on the De Ente Et Essentia of St. Thomas Aquinas, Introduction and Comments by Joseph Bobik, Transcription of the Manuscript by James A. Corbett and Joseph Bobik, Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, 1974, 203 Pages. 39.50 Glds. [REVIEW] Dialogue 18 (03):440-444.
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  26. Eike-Henner W. Kluge (1978). Immateriality and Perceptual Awareness. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 52:121-139.
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  27. Eike-Henner W. Kluge (1977). Frege, Leibniz Et Alii. Studia Leibnitiana 9 (2):266 - 274.
    Es ist allgemein bekannt, daß Frege stark von Leibniz beeinflußt worden ist; jedoch behauptet Patzig (Frege, Leibniz u. d. sogenannte ,lingua characteristica universalis', in: Studia Leibnitiana, Suppl., vol. III no. 3 (1969), pp. 103-112), daß seine Leibniz-Kenntnisse nur auf indirekten Quellen fußten und im Grunde äußerst gering waren. Dieser Aufsatz soll zeigen, daß solche und ähnliche Behauptungen auf ungenügender Kenntnis von Freges Schriften beruhen.
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  28. Eike-Henner W. Kluge (1976). Roscelin and the Medieval Problem of Universals. Journal of the History of Philosophy 14 (4):405-414.
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  29. Eike-Henner W. Kluge (1975). Frege et les termes sans référence. Dialogue 14 (02):254-280.
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  30. Eike-Henner W. Kluge (1975). The Practice of Death. Yale University Press.
     
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  31. Eike-Henner W. Kluge (1973). Objects as Universals: A Re-Appraisal of the Tractatus. Dialogue 12 (01):64-77.
  32. Eike-Henner W. Kluge (1973). Philosophie der Arithmetik: mit Ergänzenden Texten (1890–1901). Edited by Lothar Eley. Den Haag: Martinus Nijhoff. 1970. Pp. xxix, 585. 48.50 Gldn. [REVIEW] Dialogue 12 (01):147-150.
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  33. Eike-Henner W. Kluge (1970). Infinite Divisibility, Ontology, and Spatial Relations. Dialogue 9 (03):356-365.
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