26 found
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  1.  74
    Eli Dresner (2006). A Measurement Theoretic Account of Propositions. Synthese 153 (1):1-22.
    In the first section of this paper I review Measurement Theoretic Semantics – an approach to formal semantics modeled after the application of numbers in measurement, e.g., of length. In the second section it is argued that the measurement theoretic approach to semantics yields a novel, useful conception of propositions. In the third section the measurement theoretic view of propositions is compared with major other accounts of propositional content.
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  2.  32
    Robert J. Matthews & Eli Dresner (2016). Measurement and Computational Skepticism. Noûs 50 (1).
    Putnam and Searle famously argue against computational theories of mind on the skeptical ground that there is no fact of the matter as to what mathematical function a physical system is computing: both conclude that virtually any physical object computes every computable function, implements every program or automaton. There has been considerable discussion of Putnam's and Searle's arguments, though as yet there is little consensus as to what, if anything, is wrong with these arguments. In the present paper we show (...)
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  3.  25
    Eli Dresner (2002). Holism, Language Acquisition, and Algebraic Logic. Linguistics and Philosophy 25 (4):419-452.
    In the first section of this paper I present a well known objection to meaning holism, according to which holism is inconsistent with natural language being learnable. Then I show that the objection fails if language acquisition includes stages of partial grasp of the meaning of at least some expressions, and I argue that standard model theoretic semantics cannot fully capture such stages. In the second section the above claims are supported through a review of current research into language acquisition. (...)
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  4.  23
    Eli Dresner (2010). Measurement-Theoretic Representation and Computation-Theoretic Realization. Journal of Philosophy 107 (6):275-292.
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  5.  75
    Eli Dresner (2010). Language and the Measure of Mind. Mind and Language 25 (4):418-439.
    In his recent book The Measure of Mind Robert Matthews presents the most elaborate and convincing attempt to date to account for the propositional attitudes in measurement theoretic terms. In the first section of this paper I review earlier applications of measurement-theoretic conceptualization to the discussion of the mind, I outline Matthews' own account, and I raise two questions concerning it. Then, in the second section of the paper, I present a unified measurement-theoretic account of both linguistic meaning and the (...)
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  6.  22
    Eli Dresner (2004). Over-Assignment of Structure. Journal of Philosophical Logic 33 (5):467-480.
    In the first section of this paper I present the measurement-theoretic fallacy of 'over-assignment of structure': the unwarranted assumption that every numeric relation holding among two (or more) numbers represents some empirical, physical relation among the objects to which these numbers are assigned as measures (e.g., of temperature). In the second section I argue that a generalized form of this fallacy arises in various philosophical contexts, in the form of a misguided, over-extended application of one conceptual domain to another. Three (...)
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  7.  32
    Eli Dresner (2002). Measurement Theoretic Semantics and the Semantics of Necessity. Synthese 130 (3):413 - 440.
    In the first two sections I present and motivate a formal semantics program that is modeled after the application of numbers in measurement (e.g., of length). Then, in the main part of the paper, I use the suggested framework to give an account of the semantics of necessity and possibility: (i) I show thatthe measurement theoretic framework is consistent with a robust (non-Quinean) view of modal logic, (ii) I give an account of the semantics of the modal notions within this (...)
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  8.  11
    Eli Dresner (2002). Wittgenstein's Builders and Perry's Objection to Sentence Priority. Dialectica 56 (1):49–63.
    In the first section of this paper I present a view of linguistic meaning that I label 'Sentence Priority’: the position that semantically primitive language‐world contact is made at the level of complete sentences . Then, in the main part of the paper, I consider and reject an objection against Sentence Priority raised by John Perry, an objection that appeals to Wittgenstein's builders parable. Perry argues that the builder's utterances are utterances of self‐standing nouns, and that therefore they constitute a (...)
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  9.  11
    Eli Dresner (1999). Boolean Algebras and Natural Language: A Measurement Theoretic Approach. Nordic Journal of Philosophical Logic 4:175-189.
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  10.  26
    Eli Dresner (2001). Tarski's Restricted Form and Neale's Quantificational Treatment of Proper Names. Linguistics and Philosophy 24 (4):405-415.
  11. Eli Dresner (1998). Formal Semantics and the Algebraic View of Meaning. Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley
    What makes our utterances mean what they do? In this work I formulate and justify a structural constraint on possible answers to this key question in the philosophy of language, and I show that accepting this constraint leads naturally to the adoption of an algebraic formalization of truth-theoretic semantics. I develop such a formalization, and show that applying algebraic methodology to the theory of meaning yields important insights into the nature of language. ;The constraint I propose is, roughly, this: the (...)
     
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  12.  67
    Eli Dresner (2012). Meaning Holism. Philosophy Compass 7 (9):611-619.
    In the first section of this paper I define meaning holism (MH) and compare it to related theses. In the second section I review several theories of meaning that incorporate MH as a feature, and in the third section I discuss the question whether and how MH is consistent with the assignment of semantic values to linguistic expressions. Finally, in the fourth section I present the main objections raised against MH in the literature and the answers given to them.
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  13.  73
    Eli Dresner (2010). Logical Consequence and First-Order Soundness and Completeness: A Bottom Up Approach. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 52 (1):75-93.
    What is the philosophical significance of the soundness and completeness theorems for first-order logic? In the first section of this paper I raise this question, which is closely tied to current debate over the nature of logical consequence. Following many contemporary authors' dissatisfaction with the view that these theorems ground deductive validity in model-theoretic validity, I turn to measurement theory as a source for an alternative view. For this purpose I present in the second section several of the key ideas (...)
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  14.  5
    Eli Dresner & Ofra Rechter (2016). From Symbol to ‘Symbol’, to Abstract Symbol: Response to Copeland and Shagrir on Turing-Machine Realism Versus Turing-Machine Purism. Minds and Machines 26 (3):253-257.
    In their recent paper “Do Accelerating Turing Machines Compute the Uncomputable?” Copeland and Shagrir draw a distinction between a purist conception of Turing machines, according to which these machines are purely abstract, and Turing machine realism according to which Turing machines are spatio-temporal and causal “notional" machines. In the present response to that paper we concede the realistic aspects of Turing’s own presentation of his machines, pointed out by Copeland and Shagrir, but argue that Turing's treatment of symbols in the (...)
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  15.  57
    Eli Dresner (2008). Turing-, Human- and Physical Computability: An Unasked Question. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 18 (3):349-355.
  16.  24
    Eli Dresner (2015). Davidson's Interpretations: The Step Not Taken. Noûs 49 (4):698-712.
    In the first section of this paper I follow an important trajectory in the development of Davidson's notion of radical interpretation: From being interpretationally concerned only with language, like Quine's radical translation that precedes it, through involving the ascription of belief in increasingly complex ways, to finally incorporating desire and preference. In the second section of the paper I show that Davidson falls short of incorporating non-linguistic action in radical interpretation, I assess his motivations for doing so, and I criticize (...)
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  17.  13
    Eli Dresner (2014). Decision Theory, Propositional Measurement, and Unified Interpretation. Mind 123 (491):707-732.
    The content of our propositional attitudes is often characterized by assigning them abstract entities, namely propositions. In decision theory the attitudes are also assigned numerical measures. It may thus be asked how assignments of these two types are related to each other — both metaphysically and structurally. In the first section of this paper I argue for the importance of this question and I review Davidson’s unified account of decision theory and radical interpretation as a failed attempt to answer it. (...)
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  18.  34
    Eli Dresner (2009). Radical Interpretation, the Primacy of Communication, and the Bounds of Language. Empedocles: European Journal for the Philosophy of Communication 1 (1):123-134.
  19.  3
    Eli Dresner (2004). Measurement Theoretic Semantics And The Semantics Of Necessity. Synthese 130 (3):413-440.
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  20.  11
    Eli Dresner (2012). Turing, Matthews and Millikan: Effective Memory, Dispositionalism and Pushmepullyou Mental States. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 20 (4):461-472.
    Abstract In the first section of the paper I present Alan Turing?s notion of effective memory, as it appears in his 1936 paper ?On Computable Numbers, With an Application to The Entscheidungsproblem?. This notion stands in surprising contrast with the way memory is usually thought of in the context of contemporary computer science. Turing?s view (in 1936) is that for a computing machine to remember a previously scanned string of symbols is not to store an internal symbolic image of this (...)
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  21.  7
    Eli Dresner (1999). Hintikka's 'Language as Calculus Vs. Language as a Universal Medium' Distinction. Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 7 (2):405-421.
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  22.  14
    Eli Dresner (1999). Quine's Philosophy of Language and Polish Logic. History and Philosophy of Logic 20 (2):79-96.
    The Polish logicians' propositional calculi, which consist in a distinct synthesis of the Fregean and Boolean approaches to logic, influenced W. V. Quine's early work in formal logic. This early formal work of Quine's, in turn, can be shown to serve as one of the sources of his holistic conception of natural language.
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  23.  3
    Eli Dresner (2000). Review of “Hypertext and Cognition” by Jean François Rouet, Jarmo J. Levonen, Andrew Dillon, and Rand J. Spiro. [REVIEW] Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 8 (2):443-446.
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  24.  2
    Eli Dresner (2015). Proof Complexity and Textual Cohesion. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 24 (1):53-64.
    In the first section of this paper I define a set of measures for proof complexity, which combine measures in terms of length and space. In the second section these measures are generalized to the broader category of formal texts. In the third section of the paper I outline several applications of the proposed theory.
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  25.  1
    Eli Dresner (2003). Review of “Abduction, Belief and Context in Dialogue” by Harry Bunt and William Black. [REVIEW] Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 11 (2):390-394.
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  26. Eli Dresner, Gerd Fritz, Alan Gross & Galia Hatav (2000). Tics, Discourse Processes, Metaphor and Symbol, The Journal of Language and Social Psychology, Language and Speech, and the Journal of Psycho-Linguistic Research. Daniel Dor (Ph. D. Stanford University) Teaches Linguistics and Communica-Tion at the Departments of Communication and of English, Tel Aviv Univer. [REVIEW] Pragmatics and Cognition 8 (2):455-456.
     
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