24 found
Sort by:
See also:
  1. Elias L. Khalil (2013). Disentangling the Order Effect From the Context Effect: Analogies, Homologies, and Quantum Probability. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (3):293 - 294.
    Although the quantum probability (QP) can be useful to model the context effect, it is not relevant to the order effect, conjunction fallacy, and other related biases. Although the issue of potentiality, which is the intuition behind QP, is involved in the context effect, it is not involved in the other biases.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Elias L. Khalil (2013). Practical Beliefs Vs. Scientific Beliefs: Two Kinds of Maximization. Theory and Decision 74 (1):107-126.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Elias L. Khalil (2013). Two Kinds of Theory-Laden Cognitive Processes: Distinguishing Intransigence From Dogmatism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (3):218-219.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Elias L. Khalil (2013). What Determines the Boundary of Civil Society? Hume, Smith and the Justification of European Exploitation of Non-Europeans. Theoria 60 (134):26-49.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Elias L. Khalil (2011). The Weightless Hat: Is Self-Deception Optimal? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (1):30-31.
    There are problems with the thesis of von Hippel & Trivers (VH&T): (1) It entails that self-deception arises from interpersonal deception which is not necessarily so; and (3) it entails that interpersonal deception is optimum – which may not be true.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Elias L. Khalil (2010). Are Plants Rational? Biological Theory 5 (1):53-66.
  7. Elias L. Khalil & Alain Marciano (2010). The Equivalence of Neo-Darwinism and Walrasian Equilibrium: In Defense of Organismus Economicus. Biology and Philosophy 25 (2):229-248.
    Neo-Darwinism is based on the same principles as the Walrasian analysis of equilibrium. This may be surprising for evolutionary economists who resort to neo-Darwinism as a result of their dissatisfaction with Walrasian economics. As it is well-known, the principle of rationality does not play a role in neo-Darwinism. In fact, the whole (neo-)Darwinian agenda became popular exactly because it expunged the idea of rationality from nature, and hence, from equilibrium. It is less known, however, that the rationality principle is also (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Elias L. Khalil (2009). Are Stomachs Rational? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (1):91-92.
    Oaksford & Chater (O&C) would need to define rationality if they want to argue that stomachs are not rational. The question of rationality, anyhow, is orthogonal to the debate concerning whether humans use classical deductive logic or probabilistic reasoning.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Elias L. Khalil (2008). Equilibrium Without Rationality:Microeconomics: Behavior, Institutions and Evolution, Samuel Bowles . Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2003. (595 Pp; US $29.95 Pbk; ISBN 9780691126388. [REVIEW] Biological Theory 3 (1):90-92.
  10. Elias L. Khalil (2008). Are Addictions “Biases and Errors” in the Rational Decision Process? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (4):449-450.
    Redish et al. view addictions as errors arising from the weak access points of the system of decision-making. They do not analytically distinguish between addictions, on the one hand, and errors highlighted by behavioural decision theory, such as over-confidence, representativeness heuristics, conjunction fallacy, and so on, on the other. Redish et al.'s decision-making framework may not be comprehensive enough to capture addictions.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Elias L. Khalil (2008). Action, Entrepreneurship and Evolution.”. In Weber (ed.), Handbook of Whiteheadian Process Thought.
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Elias L. Khalil (2007). Animal Innovation and Rationality: Distinguishing Productivity From Efficiency. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (4):414-415.
    For the authors of the target article, innovations are underdetermined by environmental inducement underdetermination.sourceinducement” that makes the organism adopt it in the future.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Elias L. Khalil (2003). A Transactional View of Entrepreneurship: A Deweyan Approach. Journal of Economic Methodology 10 (2):161-179.
    Neoclassical and Marxian theorists have generally failed to explain entrepreneurship, and for an obvious reason. To apply the calculus of optimization, neoclassical theorists have to treat the set of resources as an object that exists 'initself,' i.e., independent of the acting subject. On the other hand, Marxian theorists, in advocating the labor theory of value, have to treat labor activity as an expression of an abstract ability which can be easily measured across the diverse concrete activities. John Dewey, throughout his (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Elias L. Khalil (2003). The Context Problematic, Behavioral Economics and the Transactional View: An Introduction to 'John Dewey and Economic Theory'. Journal of Economic Methodology 10 (2):107-130.
    Are there empirical anomalies upon which Dewey's theory of action sheds better light than existing neoclassical and heterodox approaches? This introduction answers in the affirmative. They are the set of anomalies highlighted by behavioral economics. These anomalies stress the centrality of context. Neoclassical theorists react to the 'context problematic' by claiming that context, after all, is part of either the constraint set or the preference set. Dewey and his collaborator, Bentley, called such standard rationality theories 'interactional.' On the other hand, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Elias L. Khalil (2002). Is the Prisoner's Dilemma Metaphor Suitable for Altruism? Distinguishing Self-Control and Commitment From Altruism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):264-265.
    Rachlin basically marshals three reasons behind his unconventional claim that altruism is a subcategory of self-control and that, hence, the prisoner's dilemma is the appropriate metaphor of altruism. I do not find any of the three reasons convincing. Therefore, the prisoner's dilemma metaphor is unsuitable for explaining altruism.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Elias L. Khalil (2001). Similarity Versus Familiarity: When Empathy Becomes Selfish. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):41-41.
    Preston & de Waal conflate familiarity with similarity in their attempt to account for empathy. If distinguished, we may have at hand two different kinds of empathy: egocentric empathy and empathy proper.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Elias L. Khalil (1997). Economics, Biology, and Naturalism: Three Problems Concerning the Question of Individuality. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 12 (2):185-206.
    The paper examines the ramifications of naturalism with regard to the question of individuality in economics and biology. Economic theory has to deal with whether households, firms, and states are individuals or are mere entities such as clubs, networks, and coalitions. Biological theory has to deal with the same question with regard to cells, organisms, family packs, and colonies. To wit, the question of individuality in both disciplines involves three separate problems: the metaphysical, phenomenist, and ontological. The metaphysical problem is (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Elias L. Khalil (1996). Organism and Organization. Biology and Philosophy 12 (1):119-126.
  19. Elias L. Khalil (1995). Individual Separateness or Universal Scheme? Human Nature 6 (1):91-94.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Elias L. Khalil (1994). Kenneth E. Boulding, 1910–1993. Journal of Economic Methodology 1 (1):161-166.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Alfred I. Tauber & Elias L. Khalil (1994). Organism and the Origins of Self. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (2):355.
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Francisco J. Varela, Jean-Pierre Dupuy & Elias L. Khalil (1994). Understanding Origins: Contemporary Views on the Origin of Life, Mind and Society. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (2):355.
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Elias L. Khalil (1990). Beyond Self-Interest and Altruism: A Reconstruction of Adam Smith's Theory of Human Conduct. Economics and Philosophy 6 (02):255-.
  24. Elias L. Khalil (1990). Rationality and Social Labor in Marx. Critical Review 4 (1-2):239-265.
    Textual exegesis is used to show that Marx's concept of social labor is transhistorical, referring to a collective activity of humans as a species. The collective nature of labor is suspended in capitalist production because of the anarchic character of market relations. But the suspension is skin deep: The sociality of labor asserts itself in a mediated manner through the alienated empowerment of goods with value. This is commodity fetishism, which vanishes when relations of production become actually collective?matching the transhistorical (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation