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Search results for 'Elias S. Cohen' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. L. Jonathan Cohen (1956). American Thought: A Critical Sketch. By M. R. Cohen (Edited by F. S. Cohen). (The Free Press, Glencoe, Illinois. 1954.Pp. 360. Price $5.00.). [REVIEW] Philosophy 31 (117):166-.score: 900.0
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  2. Elias S. Cohen (1985). Autonomy and Paternalism: Two Goals in Conflict. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 13 (4):145-150.score: 870.0
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  3. Elias S. Cohen (1990). Realism, Law and Aging. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 18 (3):183-192.score: 870.0
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  4. Howard Cohen (1978). On the Exchange Between Schrag and Cohen, "the Child's Status in the Democratic State". Political Theory 6 (2):249-251.score: 780.0
  5. S. Marc Cohen (1973). Plato's Method of Division. In J. M. E. Moravcsik (ed.), Patterns in Plato's Thought. Reidel. 181--191.score: 540.0
    Critical discussion of J.M.E. Moravcsik's paper on Plato's method of division.
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  6. Harvey S. James Jr & Jeffrey P. Cohen (2004). Does Ethics Training Neutralize the Incentives of the Prisoner's Dilemma? Evidence From a Classroom Experiment. Journal of Business Ethics 50 (1):53 - 61.score: 520.0
    Teaching economics has been shown to encourage students to defect in a prisoner's dilemma game. However, can ethics training reverse that effect and promote cooperation? We conducted an experiment to answer this question. We found that students who had the ethics module had higher rates of cooperation than students without the ethics module, even after controlling for communication and other factors expected to affect cooperation. We conclude that the teaching of ethics can mitigate the possible adverse incentives of the prisoner's (...)
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  7. S. Marc Cohen (1978). Individual and Essence in Aristotle's Metaphysics. Paideia (Special Aristotle Edition):75-85.score: 480.0
    Aristotle's claim in Metaphysics Z.6 that "each substance is the same as its essence" has long puzzled commentators. For it seems to conflict with two other Aristotelian theses: (1) primary substances are individuals (e.g., Socrates and Callias), and (2) essences are universals (e.g., Man and Horse). Three traditional solutions to this difficulty are considered and rejected. Instead, to make the Z.6 equation consistent with (1) and (2), I propose that it be interpreted to be making something other than a straightforward (...)
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  8. S. Marc Cohen & David Keyt (1992). Analyzing Plato's Arguments: Plato and Platonism. In J. Klagge & N. Smith (eds.), Methods of Interpreting Plato and his Dialogues. Oxford University Press.score: 480.0
    The historian of philosophy often encounters arguments that are enthymematic: they have conclusions that follow from their explicit premises only by the addition of "tacit" or "suppressed" premises. It is a standard practice of interpretation to supply these missing premises, even where the enthymeme is "real," that is, where there is no other context in which the philosopher in question asserts the missing premises. To do so is to follow a principle of charity: other things being equal, one interpretation is (...)
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  9. S. Marc Cohen, Aristotle's Metaphysics. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 480.0
    The first major work in the history of philosophy to bear the title "Metaphysics" was the treatise by Aristotle that we have come to know by that name. But Aristotle himself did not use that title or even describe his field of study as 'metaphysics'; the name was evidently coined by the first century C.E. editor who assembled the treatise we know as Aristotle's Metaphysics out of various smaller selections of Aristotle's works. The title 'metaphysics' -- literally, 'after the Physics' (...)
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  10. S. Marc Cohen (1981). Socrates, Philosophy in Plato’s Early Dialogues. [REVIEW] Philosophical Review 90:153-57.score: 480.0
    Review of Socrates, Philosophy in Plato's Early Dialogues, by Gerasimos X. Santas (Routledge & Kegan Paul: 1979).
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  11. S. Marc Cohen (2008). Kooky Objects Revisited: Aristotle's Ontology. Metaphilosophy 39 (1):3–19.score: 480.0
    This is an investigation of Aristotle's conception of accidental compounds (or "kooky objects," as Gareth Matthews has called them)—entities such as the pale man and the musical man. I begin with Matthews's pioneering work into kooky objects, and argue that they are not so far removed from our ordinary thinking as is commonly supposed. I go on to assess their utility in solving some familiar puzzles involving substitutivity in epistemic contexts, and compare the kooky object approach to more modern approaches (...)
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  12. S. Marc Cohen (2002). Substantial Knowledge: Aristotle's Metaphysics. Philosophical Review 111 (3):452-456.score: 480.0
    Review of Substantial Knowledge: Aristotle's Metaphysics, by C.D.C Reeve (Hackett: 2000).
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  13. David S. Cohen, Justice Kennedy's Gendered World.score: 480.0
    As part of the South Carolina Law Review's symposium on the Roberts Court and Equal Protection, this essay looks at Justice Kennedy's sex discrimination jurisprudence. With the new Court, it's natural to be concerned with how the two new Justices might vote in upcoming sex discrimination cases. However, in this essay, I assume what has been the case so far from Chief Justice Roberts and Justice Alito - that they are reliable votes joining Justices Scalia and Thomas on the Court's (...)
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  14. S. Marc Cohen & Gareth B. Matthews (1991). On Aristotle's Categories. Cornell University Press.score: 480.0
    Translation with notes of Ammonius' Commentary on Aristotle's Categories.
     
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  15. Peter J. Cohen (2007). Addiction, Molecules and Morality: Disease Does Not Obviate Responsibility. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (1):21 – 23.score: 420.0
    The author comments on the article “The neurobiology of addiction: Implications for voluntary control of behavior,‘ by S. E. Hyman. The author agrees with Hyman that debate persists whether addiction is a brain disease or a moral condition. The author states that Hyman has not fully answered the question of when addicted persons are responsible for what they do. The author also suggests that addiction is a brain disease and therapy can improve the symptoms of this life-threatening syndrome. Accession Number: (...)
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  16. Ronnie Cohen & Janine S. Hiller (2009). What's Mine is Mine; What's Yours is Mine: Private Ownership of Icts as a Threat to Transparency. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 11 (2):123-131.score: 420.0
    In the face of ubiquitous information communication technology, the presence of blogs, personal websites, and public message boards give the illusion of uncensored criticism and discussion of the ethical implications of business activities. However, little attention has been paid to the limitations on free speech posed by the control of access to the Internet by private entities, enabling them to censor content that is deemed critical of corporate or public policy. The premise of this research is that transparency alone will (...)
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  17. S. Cohen (1997). Science Studies and Language Suppression--A Critique of Bruno Latour's We Have Never Been Modern. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 28 (2):339-361.score: 420.0
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  18. S. M. Cohen (2000). The Order of Nature in Aristotle's Physics: Place and the Elements. Philosophical Review 109 (4):636-639.score: 420.0
  19. Robert S. Cohen (1962). Comments on A. Grünbaum's Paper. Synthese 14 (2-3):193 - 195.score: 420.0
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  20. Robert S. Cohen (1950). Epistemology and Cosmology: E. A. Milne's Theory of Relativity. Review of Metaphysics 3 (3):385 - 405.score: 420.0
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  21. A. Bumpus, J. Cohen, S. Cohen, E. Conee, C. L. Elder, M. Ridge, M. Sabatés, E. C. Tiffany & D. Vander Laan (2001). Feldman, R., 61 Glanzberg, M., 217 Glymour, B., 271 Lycan, WG, 35 Predelli, S., 145. Philosophical Studies 103 (343).score: 420.0
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  22. Sybil S. Cohen (1984). Ingarden's Aesthetics and Dance. In Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (ed.), Illuminating Dance: Philosophical Explorations. 157--58.score: 420.0
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  23. C. B. Cohen, S. E. Wheeler & D. A. Scott (2000). Prayer is Therapy-Cynthia B. Cohen, Sondra E. Wheeler, and David A. Scott Reply. Hastings Center Report 30 (6):5-5.score: 420.0
     
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  24. S. Marc Cohen (1987). The Credibility of Aristotle's Philosophy of Mind. In Mohan Matthen (ed.), Aristotle Today. Academic Printing and Publishing. 103-121.score: 420.0
  25. Rachana Kamtekar, Mark McPherran, P. T. Geach, S. Marc Cohen, Gregory Vlastos, E. De Strycker, S. R. Slings, Donald Morrison, Terence Irwin, M. F. Burnyeat, Thomas C. Brickhouse, Nicholas D. Smith, Richard Kraut, David Bostock & Verity Harte (2004). Plato's Euthyphro, Apology, and Crito: Critical Essays. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.score: 420.0
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  26. G. Stuart Adam, Stephanie Craft & Elliot D. Cohen (2004). Three Essays on Journalism and Virtue. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 19 (3 & 4):247 – 275.score: 300.0
    In these essays, we are concerned with virtue in journalism and the media but are mindful of the tension between the commercial foundations of publishing and broadcasting, on the one hand, and journalism's democratic obligations on the other. Adam outlines, first, a moral vision of journalism focusing on individualistic concepts of authorship and craft. Next, Craft attempts to bridge individual and organizational concerns by examining the obligations of organizations to the individuals working within them. Finally, Cohen discusses the importance (...)
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  27. G. A. Cohen (1983). More on Exploitation and the Labour Theory of Value. Inquiry 26 (3):309 – 331.score: 300.0
    In ?The Labour Theory of Value and the Concept of Exploitation? I distinguished between two ways in which the labour theory of value is formulated, both of which are common. In the popular formulation, the amount of value a commodity has depends on how much labour was spent producing it. In the strict formulation, which is so called because it formulates the labour theory of value proper, the amount of value a commodity has depends on nothing about its history but (...)
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  28. Perrin S. Cohen (1994). Taking Science to Heart: A Personal Ethic for Responsible Science. Ethics and Behavior 4 (1):59 – 67.score: 300.0
    In this article, I describe the need for tomorrow's scientists to be tutored in a personal ethic that values ethical responsiveness as the core, organizing principle for guiding research, teaching, application, and career direction. To address this need, I describe a teaching approach that instills science students with an understanding that moral reflection and action are the core tenets of scientific thinking and practice. The approach empowers students to reflect openly and discuss ongoing, ethical concerns as they face them in (...)
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  29. Jonathan Cohen (2010). It's Not Easy Being Green : Hardin and Color Relationalism. In Jonathan Cohen & Mohan Matthen (eds.), Color Ontology and Color Science. Mit Press.score: 300.0
    But Hardin hasn’t contented himself with reframing traditional philosoph- ical issues about color in a way that is sensitive to relevant empirical con- straints. In addition, he has been a staunch defender of color eliminativism — the view that there are no colors, qua properties of tables, chairs, and other mind-external objects, and a vociferous critic of several varieties of re- alism about color that have been defended by others (e.g., [Hardin, 2003], [Hardin, 2005]). These other views include the so-called (...)
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  30. Alix A. Cohen (2008). Kant's Biological Conception of History. Journal of the Philosophy of History 2 (1):1-28.score: 300.0
    The aim of this paper is to argue that Kant's philosophy of biology has crucial implications for our understanding of his philosophy of history, and that overlooking these implications leads to a fundamental misconstruction of his views. More precisely, I will show that Kant's philosophy of history is modelled on his philosophy of biology due to the fact that the development of the human species shares a number of peculiar features with the functioning of organisms, these features entailing important methodological (...)
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  31. S. Marc Cohen (1971). The Logic of the Third Man. Philosophical Review 80 (4):448-475.score: 300.0
    The main lines of interpretation offered to date of the Third Man Argument in Plato's Parmenides (132a1-b2) are considered and rejected. A new, set-theoretic, reconstruction of the argument is offered. It is concluded that the philosophical point of the argument is different from what it has been generally supposed to be: Plato is pointing out the logical shortcomings in his earlier formulated principle of One-Over-Many.
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  32. Jonathan Cohen (2007). A Relationalist's Guide to Error About Color Perception. Noûs 41 (2):335–353.score: 300.0
    Color relationalism is the view that colors are constituted in terms of relations to perceiving subjects. Among its explanatory virtues, relation- alism provides a satisfying treatment of cases of perceptual variation. But it can seem that relationalists lack resources for saying that a representa- tion of x’s color is erroneous. Surely, though, a theory of color that makes errors of color perception impossible cannot be correct. In this paper I’ll argue that, initial appearances notwithstanding, relationalism contains the resources to account (...)
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  33. S. Marc Cohen (1978). Essentialism in Aristotle. Review of Metaphysics 31 (3):387-405.score: 300.0
    Quine, in an influential passage, characterizes a certain kind of metaphysical view as "Aristotelian essentialism." Recent work on Aristotle suggests that he may not have been an essentialist in Quine's sense. This paper examines the question whether, and to what extent, Aristotle is committed to the kind of essentialism Quine discusses. Various promising areas of Aristotle's thought (alteration vs. coming-to-be and passing-away, kath' hauto predication) are examined and found wanting as sources of essentialism. Instead, Aristotle is found to be committed (...)
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  34. S. Marc Cohen (1986). Aristotle on the Principle of Non-Contradiction. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 16 (3):359-370.score: 300.0
    Critical discussion of Alan Code's paper "Aristotle's Investigation of a Basic Logical Principle: Which Science Investigates the Principle of Non-Contradiction?".
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  35. S. Marc Cohen (2009). Substances. In Georgios Anagnostopoulos (ed.), A Companion to Aristotle. Blackwell-Wiley.score: 300.0
    This is a survey of Aristotle's development of the concept of substance in the Categories and Book VII (Zeta) of the Metaphysics. We begin with the Categories conception of a primary substance as that which is not "in a subject" -- i.e., not ontologically dependent on anything else -- and also not "said of a subject" -- i.e., not predicated of any item beneath it in its categorial tree. This gives us the idea of primary substances as ontologically basic individuals, (...)
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  36. Daniel Cohen & Morgan Luck (2009). Why a Victim's Age is Irrelevant When Assessing the Wrongness of Killing. Journal of Applied Philosophy 26 (4):396-401.score: 300.0
    abstract Intuitively, all killings are equally wrong, no matter how old one's victim. In this paper we defend this claim — The Equal Wrongness of Killings Thesis — against a challenge presented by Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen. Lippert-Rasmussen shows The Equal Wrongness of Killings Thesis to be incompatible with two further theses: The Unequal Wrongness of Renderings Unconscious Thesis and The Equivalence Thesis. Lippert-Rasmussen argues that, of the three, The Equal Wrongness of Killings Thesis is the least defensible. He suggests that the (...)
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  37. David Cohen & Angèle Consoli (2006). Production of Supernatural Beliefs During Cotard's Syndrome, a Rare Psychotic Depression. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (5):468-470.score: 300.0
    Cotard's syndrome is a psychotic condition that includes delusion of a supernatural nature. Based on insights from recovered patients who were convinced of being immortal, we can (1) distinguish biographical experiences from cultural and evolutionary backgrounds; (2) show that cultural significance dominates biographical experiences; and (3) support Bering's view of a cognitive system dedicated to forming illusory representations of immortality.
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  38. Gareth B. Matthews & S. Marc Cohen (1968). The One and the Many. Review of Metaphysics 21 (4):630-655.score: 300.0
    We discuss Aristotle's "Categories" as an answer to Plato's One-over-Many argument. For Plato, F-ness is something "over against" particular F things; to predicate "F" of these things is to assert that they all stand in a certain relation to F-ness. Aristotle answers that predication is classification; and there being a classification of a certain sort is a fact correlative with there being things classifiable in the way the classification in question would classify them.
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  39. S. Marc Cohen (1988). Metaphysics. Books 7-10. Zeta, Eta, Theta, Iota. Journal of the History of Philosophy 26 (2):312-313.score: 300.0
    Review of Aristotle’s Metaphysics: Books Zeta, Eta, Theta, and Iota, translation and commentary by Montgomery Furth (Hackett: 1985).
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  40. Lori Holder-Webb, Jeffrey R. Cohen, Leda Nath & David Wood (2009). The Supply of Corporate Social Responsibility Disclosures Among U.S. Firms. Journal of Business Ethics 84 (4):497 - 527.score: 300.0
    Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is a dramatically expanding area of activity for managers and academics. Consumer demand for responsibly produced and fair trade goods is swelling, resulting in increased demands for CSR activity and information. Assets under professional management and invested with a social responsibility focus have also grown dramatically over the last 10 years. Investors choosing social responsibility investment strategies require access to information not provided through traditional financial statements and analyses. At the same time, a group of mainstream (...)
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  41. Zuzana Parusniková & R. S. Cohen (eds.) (2009). Rethinking Popper. Springer.score: 300.0
    In September 2007, more than 100 philosophers came to Prague with the determination to approach Karl Popper's philosophy as a source of inspiration in many areas of our intellectual endeavor. This volume is a result of that effort.
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  42. Alix Cohen (2005). In Defence of Hume's Historical Method. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 13 (3):489 – 502.score: 300.0
    A tradition among certain Hume scholars, best known as the ‘New Humeans’, proposes a novel reading of Hume’s work, and in particular of his conception of causality.2 The purpose of this paper is to conduct a similar move regarding Hume’s historical method. It is similar for two reasons: firstly, it is intended to reintegrate Hume’s theory into present-day debates on the nature of history; and secondly, the reading I propose is directed against the standard interpretation of Hume’s history. This interpretation (...)
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  43. Sheldon Cohen (1984). Aristotle's Doctrine of the Material Substrate. Philosophical Review 93 (2):171-194.score: 300.0
    Commentators have often held that aristotle's general doctrine of change commits him to a persisting material substrate for every change, And to an indeterminate material substrate (prime matter) for elemental transformation. I argue that though aristotle accepts a common matter for the four elements, Both these claims are false.
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  44. Lesley Cohen (1983). On Perception and Simplicity: Did Leibniz Have Descartes's Simple Substance in Mind? Southern Journal of Philosophy 21 (S1):85-88.score: 300.0
    Leibniz's claim that a substance which is simple perceives is examined in terms of the cartesian model of mind which leibniz adopted. This examination helps to explain some of leibniz's claims about perception. Although leibniz can account for perception while maintaining that the substance which perceives is simple, He cannot adapt the cartesian model to encompass his broadened understanding of perception which includes unconscious perceptions in monads which apperceive nothing.
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  45. Martin Cohen (2005). Wittgenstein's Beetle and Other Classic Thought Experiments. Blackwell Pub..score: 300.0
    A is for Alice and astronomers arguing about acceleration -- B is for Bernard's body-exchange machine -- C is for the Catholic cannibal -- D is for Maxwell's demon -- E is for evolution (and an embarrassing problem with it) -- F is for the forms lost forever to the prisoners of the cave -- G is for Galileo's gravitational balls -- H is for Hume's shades -- I is for the identity of indiscernibles -- J is for Henri Poincaré (...)
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  46. Lori Holder-Webb, Jeffrey Cohen, Leda Nath & David Wood (2008). A Survey of Governance Disclosures Among U.S. Firms. Journal of Business Ethics 83 (3):543 - 563.score: 300.0
    Recent years have featured a spate of regulatory action pertaining to the development and/or disclosure of corporate governance structures in response to financial scandals resulting in part from governance failures. During the same period, corporate governance activists and institutional investors increasingly have called for increased voluntary governance disclosure. Despite this attention, there have been relatively few comprehensive studies of governance disclosure practices and response to the regulation. In this study, we examine a sample of 50 U.S. firms and their public (...)
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  47. S. Marc Cohen (1993). Primary Ousia. [REVIEW] Philosophical Review 102:397-99.score: 300.0
    Review of Primary Ousia: An Essay on Aristotle's Metaphysics Z and H, by Michael J. Loux (Cornell University Press: 1991).
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  48. Elliot D. Cohen (2007). Albert Ellis's Philosophical Revolution. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 21 (2):143-147.score: 300.0
    Albert Ellis is widely recognized as one of the most influential psychologists in the history of psychology. However, his importance as a pioneer of applied philosophy is not as widely acknowledged. This paper, in memoriam, pays tribute to Ellis’s contributions to applied philosophy. In particular it discusses his revolutionarily important applications of philosophy to the field of psychology and briefly discusses his influence on the emerging field of philosophical counseling.
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  49. Martin Cohen (2007). 101 Ethical Dilemmas. Routledge.score: 300.0
    From overcrowded lifeboats to the censor's pen, Martin Cohen's stimulating and amusing dilemmas will have you scratching your head and laughing out loud in equal measure.
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  50. S. Marc Cohen (1992). Hylomorphism and Functionalism. In Martha Nussbaum & Amelie Rorty (eds.), Essays on Aristotle’s De Anima. Clarendon Press. 57-73.score: 300.0
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