Search results for 'Elise MacKay' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  28
    Elise MacKay & Patrick O'Neill (1992). What Creates the Dilemma in Ethical Dilemmas? Examples From Psychological Practice. Ethics and Behavior 2 (4):227 – 244.
    Twenty psychologists were interviewed about an ethical dilemma that they had found to be particularly difficult to resolve. In just under half of the cases the dilemma involved a perceived conflict of ethical principles (e.g., the welfare of the consumer vs. the right to privacy). In the other cases, the psychologists were prevented from following an ethically prescribed course of action by some nonethical consideration such as contractural obligation, legal requirement, or the demands of an employer. We discuss the implications (...)
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  2. John MacKay (2007). Chapter Two On Community, Institutions and Politics in the Life and Work of Robert Erickson John MacKay. In John Wall (ed.), Music, Metamorphosis and Capitalism: Self, Poetics and Politics. Cambridge Scholars Publishing 18.
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  3.  31
    James Trafford, Robin Mackay & Luke Pendrell (eds.) (2014). Speculative Aesthetics. Urbanomic.
    Edited by James Trafford, Robin Mackay, and Luke Pendrell. Documenting a roundtable on the ramifications of Speculative Realism for aesthetics, this discussion ranges from contemporary art's relation to the aesthetic, to accelerationism and abstraction, logic and design.
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  4.  4
    D. Mackay (1992). Problems with Popper: The Initial Goal is to Develop Viable Theories, Not Disconfirm Them. Consciousness and Cognition 1 (3):231-240.
    The Popperian epistemology underlying Levelt's commentary and other aspects of contemporary psychology has limited application and, in particular, does not apply to the creation or development of theory, the main goal of MacKay . This is relevant to Levelt's questions, “What has changed?” and “What is the harvest?”: From a non-Popperian perspective, both changes and harvest are greater than Levelt's commentary would suggest and carry implications for the field at large.
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  5. Donald M. Mackay (1972). Information, Mechanism and Meaning. Synthese 24 (3):472-474.
     
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  6. D. S. Mackay (1928). On the Order of Plato's Writings. Journal of Philosophy 25 (1):5-18.
  7. Douglas Mackay (2013). Standard of Care, Professional Obligations, and Distributive Justice. Bioethics 28 (7):352-359.
    The problem of standard-of-care in clinical research concerns the level of care that investigators ought to provide to research subjects in the control arm of their clinical trials. Commentators differ sharply on whether subjects in trials conducted in lower income countries should be provided with the same level of care as subjects in trials conducted in higher income countries. I consider an argument that commentators have employed on both sides of this debate: professional role arguments. These arguments claim to justify (...)
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  8.  11
    Donald M. MacKay (1966). Cerebral Organization and the Conscious Control of Action. In John C. Eccles (ed.), Brain and Conscious Experience. Springer 422--445.
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  9.  38
    D. M. MacKay (1951). Mind-Like Behaviour in Artefacts. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 3 (12):352-353.
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  10.  8
    Donald M. MacKay (1985). Do We “Control” Our Brains? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (4):546-546.
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  11. R. D. Mackay (1988). Terminating Life-Sustaining Treatment--Recent US Developments. Journal of Medical Ethics 14 (3):135-139.
    This paper reviews some recent litigation in the United States which addresses the difficult question of withdrawing food and hydration from both competent and incompetent patients. Whilst the decisions in question have manifested a trend towards favouring patient autonomy, they also indicate an underlying tension between doctors, health care facilities and their dying patients which is not yet close to resolution. The author suggests that the courts in the United States are likely to remain, for the foreseeable future, the final (...)
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  12.  28
    John Mackay (2013). Quantifying Over Possibilities. Philosophical Review 122 (4):577-617.
    A person of average height would assert a truth by the conditional ‘if I were seven feet tall, I would be taller than I am,’ in which an indicative clause ‘I am’ is embedded in a subjunctive conditional. By contrast, no one would assert a truth by ‘if I were seven feet tall, I would be taller than I would be’ or ‘if I am seven feet tall, I am taller than I am’. These examples exemplify the fact that whether (...)
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  13.  4
    Douglas MacKay & Alexandra Robinson (2016). The Ethics of Organ Donor Registration Policies: Nudges and Respect for Autonomy. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (11):3-12.
    Governments must determine the legal procedures by which their residents are registered, or can register, as organ donors. Provided that governments recognize that people have a right to determine what happens to their organs after they die, there are four feasible options to choose from: opt-in, opt-out, mandated active choice, and voluntary active choice. We investigate the ethics of these policies' use of nudges to affect organ donor registration rates. We argue that the use of nudges in this context is (...)
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  14. Douglas MacKay (2013). Standard of Care, Institutional Obligations, and Distributive Justice. Bioethics 28 (2):352-359.
    The problem of standard of care in clinical research concerns the level of treatment that investigators must provide to subjects in clinical trials. Commentators often formulate answers to this problem by appealing to two distinct types of obligations: professional obligations and natural duties. In this article, I investigate whether investigators also possess institutional obligations that are directly relevant to the problem of standard of care, that is, those obligations a person has because she occupies a particular institutional role. I examine (...)
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  15.  88
    Diane Mackay (1984). On Medibank. Thesis Eleven 8 (1):116-118.
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  16. Donald M. Mackay (1962). The Use of Behavioural Language to Refer to Mechanical Processes. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 13 (August):89-103.
  17.  3
    Douglas MacKay (2016). Patients with Passports: Medical Tourism, Law, and Ethics by I Glenn Cohen. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 26 (3):1-10.
    I. Glenn Cohen’s Patients with Passports: Medical Tourism, Law, and Ethics offers a thorough examination of the growing practice of medical tourism, the legal regulations governing it, and the many ethical issues it raises for policy-makers, health care providers, and prospective medical tourists. Demonstrating mastery of the relevant literatures in the social sciences, law, ethics, and political philosophy, Cohen provides a comprehensive overview of the current practice of medical tourism, and offers well-argued, sensible policy advice to guide its reform. Cohen’s (...)
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  18. Donald M. Mackay (1952). Mentality in Machines. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 26:61-86.
     
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  19.  6
    Douglas MacKay (forthcoming). Fair Subject Selection in Clinical Research: Formal Equality of Opportunity. Journal of Medical Ethics.
    In this paper, I explore the ethics of subject selection in the context of biomedical research. I reject a key principle of what I shall refer to as the standard view. According to this principle, investigators should select participants so as to minimise aggregate risk to participants and maximise aggregate benefits to participants and society. On this view, investigators should exclude prospective participants who are more susceptible to risk than other prospective participants. I argue instead that investigators should select subjects (...)
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  20.  31
    Douglas Mackay (2016). Incentive Inequalities and Freedom of Occupational Choice. Economics and Philosophy 32 (1):21-49.
    In Rescuing Justice and Equality, G.A. Cohen argues that the incentive inequalities permitted by John Rawls's difference principle are unjust since people cannot justify them to their fellow citizens. I argue that citizens of a Rawlsian society can justify their acceptance of a wide range of incentive inequalities to their fellow citizens. They can do so because they possess the right to freedom of occupational choice, and are permitted – as a matter of justice – to exercise this right by (...)
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  21.  19
    Douglas MacKay (2013). Incentive Inequalities and Talents: A Reply to Shiffrin. Philosophia 41 (2):521-526.
    In a recent article, Seana Valentine Shiffrin offers a distinctive egalitarian critique of the types of incentive inequalities that are permitted by John Rawls's difference principle. She argues that citizens of a well-ordered society, who publicly accept Rawls's two principles of justice and their justifications, may not demand incentives to employ their talents in productive ways since such demands are inconsistent with a major justification for the difference principle: the moral arbitrariness of talent. I argue that there is no such (...)
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  22.  10
    Nicole M. V. Ross & Douglas P. MacKay (forthcoming). Ending SNAP-Subsidized Purchases of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages: The Need for a Pilot Project. Public Health Ethics:phw017.
    Recent efforts by legislative officials and public health advocates to reform the US food stamp program, or Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, have focused on restricting the types of foods eligible for purchase with SNAP benefits, specifically sugar-sweetened beverages. We argue that it is, in principle, permissible for the US government to enact a SNAP-specific SSB ban prohibiting the purchase of SSBs with SNAP benefits. While the government has a duty to ensure that citizens meet their nutritional needs, since SSBs provide (...)
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  23.  8
    Warwick Anderson & Ian R. Mackay (2014). Fashioning the Immunological Self: The Biological Individuality of F. Macfarlane Burnet. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 47 (1):147-175.
    During the 1940s and 1950s, the Australian microbiologist F. Macfarlane Burnet sought a biologically plausible explanation of antibody production. In this essay, we seek to recover the conceptual pathways that Burnet followed in his immunological theorizing. In so doing, we emphasize the influence of speculations on individuality, especially those of philosopher Alfred North Whitehead; the impact of cybernetics and information theory; and the contributions of clinical research into autoimmune disease that took place in Melbourne. We point to the influence of (...)
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  24. D. S. Mackay (1945). The Illusion of Memory. Philosophical Review 54 (July):297-320.
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  25.  3
    Ian A. Clark, Clare E. Mackay & Emily A. Holmes (2013). Positive Involuntary Autobiographical Memories: You First Have to Live Them. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (2):402-406.
    Involuntary autobiographical memories are typically discussed in the context of negative memories such as trauma ‘flashbacks’. However, IAMs occur frequently in everyday life and are predominantly positive. In spite of this, surprisingly little is known about how such positive IAMs arise. The trauma film paradigm is often used to generate negative IAMs. Recently an equivalent positive film was developed inducing positive IAMs . The current study is the first to investigate which variables would best predict the frequency of positive IAMs. (...)
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  26. D. M. MacKay (1960). On the Logical Indeterminacy of a Free Choice. Mind 69 (273):31-40.
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  27. William A. MacKay (1989). Braking May Be More Critical Than Acceleration. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (2):227.
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  28.  73
    Alfred F. MacKay (1971). The Principle of Mood Constancy. Analysis 31 (3):91 - 96.
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  29.  3
    Donald M. MacKay (1986). Intrinsic Versus Contrived Intentionality. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):149.
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  30.  61
    Alfred F. MacKay (1968). Mr. Donnellan and Humpty Dumpty on Referring. Philosophical Review 77 (2):197-202.
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  31.  17
    Douglas MacKay (2015). Opt-Out and Consent. Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (10):1-4.
    A chief objection to opt-out organ donor registration policies is that they do not secure people's actual consent to donation, and so fail to respect their autonomy rights to decide what happens to their organs after they die. However, scholars have recently offered two powerful responses to this objection. First, Michael B Gill argues that opt-out policies do not fail to respect people's autonomy simply because they do not secure people's actual consent to donation. Second, Ben Saunders argues that opt-out (...)
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  32.  32
    Martha Mackay (2009). Why Nursing has Not Embraced the Clinician–Scientist Role. Nursing Philosophy 10 (4):287-296.
    Reasons for the limited uptake of the clinician–scientist role within nursing are examined, specifically: the lack of consensus about the nature of nursing science; the varying approaches to epistemology; and the influence of post-modern thought on knowledge development in nursing. It is suggested that under-development of this role may be remedied by achieving agreement that science is a necessary, worthy pursuit for nursing, and that rigorous science conducted from a clinical perspective serves nursing well. Straddling practice and research is a (...)
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  33.  18
    Alfred Mackay & Edward Wong (1979). Preference Anarchy. Theory and Decision 11 (4):457-463.
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  34.  20
    Erin Mackay (forthcoming). AustrAliAn VisuAl Artists. Inquiry.
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  35.  32
    I. Mackay (1991). Psychopathic Disorder: A Category Mistake? A Legal Response to Colin Holmes. Journal of Medical Ethics 17 (2):86-88.
    Holmes is concerned with a conflict between law and medicine about the problem of psychopathy, in particular as it relates to homicide. He looks for a consistent set of legal principles based on a variety of medical concepts and in doing so criticises the court for its commonsense approach, its disregard for medical evidence and for employing lay notions of responsibility and illness. This commentary explores how Holmes's notions fit into existing legal rules and explains how the court seeks the (...)
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  36.  49
    D. M. MacKay (1961). Logical Indeterminacy and Freewill. Analysis 21 (4):82 - 83.
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  37.  16
    D. S. Mackay (1946). Plato's Theory of Man. An Introduction to the Realistic Philosophy of Culture. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 43 (25):688-697.
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  38.  20
    William A. MacKay (1997). Synchronized Neuronal Oscillations and Their Role in Motor Processes. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 1 (5):176-183.
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  39.  6
    Douglas MacKay & Marion Danis (2016). Federalism and Responsibility for Health Care. Public Affairs Quarterly 30 (1):1-29.
    Political philosophers often formulate the problem of distributive justice as the problem of how the government ought to distribute different types of goods—for example, income or health care—to its citizens. They therefore presuppose that the government is a unitary agent that governs its citizens directly. However, although a number of governments are unitary in this way, many are federations, exhibiting a division of sovereignty between two or more levels of government having independent grounds of authority. In contrast to unitary states, (...)
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  40.  3
    Crystal MacKay, Aileen M. Davis, Nizar Mahomed & Elizabeth M. Badley (2009). Expanding Roles in Orthopaedic Care: A Comparison of Physiotherapist and Orthopaedic Surgeon Recommendations for Triage. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (1):178-183.
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  41.  92
    Donald M. Mackay (1963). Consciousness and Mechanism: A Reply to Miss Fozzy. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 14 (August):157-159.
  42.  29
    Frédéric Worms & Robin Mackay (2005). Between Critique and Metaphysics. Angelaki 10 (2):39 – 57.
    (2005). Between Critique And Metaphysics. Angelaki: Vol. 10, continental philosophy and the sciences the french tradition issue editor: andrew aitken, pp. 39-57.
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  43.  14
    D. S. Mackay (1944). Greek Foundations of Traditional Logic. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 41 (17):470-475.
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  44.  14
    D. S. Mackay (1928). The Philosophy of Personalism: A Study in the Metaphysics of Religion. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 25 (19):528-529.
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  45.  56
    D. M. Mackay (1973). The Logical Indeterminateness of Human Choices. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 24 (4):405-408.
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  46.  26
    L. A. Mackay (1930). The Budé Horace Horace. Tome I. Odes Et Épodes: Texte Établi Et Traduit Par F. Villeneuve. (Collection des Universites de France.) Paris: 'Les Belles Lettres,' 1929. Paper, 35 Francs. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 44 (05):190-191.
  47.  25
    D. M. Mackay (1971). Note. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 22 (1):53-53.
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  48.  13
    Donald S. Mackay (1941). Greek Popular Religion. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 38 (7):186-188.
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  49.  2
    William A. MacKay (1982). The Motor System Controls What It Senses. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (4):557.
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  50. Donald M. Mackay (1967). Freedom of Action in a Mechanistic Universe. Cambridge University Press.
     
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