Search results for 'Elizabeth A. Boyd' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Elizabeth A. Boyd & Lisa A. Bero (2007). Defining Financial Conflicts and Managing Research Relationships: An Analysis of University Conflict of Interest Committee Decisions. Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (4):415-435.score: 960.0
    Despite a decade of federal regulation and debate over the appropriateness of financial ties in research and their management, little is known about the actual decision-making processes of university conflict of interest (COI) committees. This paper analyzes in detail the discussions and decisions of three COI committees at three public universities in California. University committee members struggle to understand complex financial relationships and reconcile institutional, state, and federal policies and at the same time work to protect the integrity of the (...)
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  2. Julia W. Y. Kam, Elizabeth Dao, Patricia Blinn, Olav E. Krigolson, Lara A. Boyd & Todd C. Handy (2012). Mind Wandering and Motor Control: Off-Task Thinking Disrupts the Online Adjustment of Behavior. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 900.0
    Mind wandering episodes have been construed as periods of "stimulus-independent" thought, where our minds are decoupled from the external sensory environment. In two experiments, we used behavioral and event-related potential (ERP) measures to determine whether mind wandering episodes can also be considered as periods of "response-independent" thought, with our minds disengaged from adjusting our behavioral outputs. In the first experiment, participants performed a motor tracking task and were occasionally prompted to report whether their attention was "on-task" or "mind wandering." We (...)
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  3. Kenneth M. Boyd, Robert V. Brody, David A. Buehler, Daniel Callahan, Kevin T. FitzGerald, Elizabeth Graham, John Harris, Steve Heilig & Søren Holm (1998). William Andereck, MD, is Chair of the Ethics Committees at California Pacific Medical Center and the Pacific Fertility Center, San Francisco, California. Lori B. Andrews, JD, is Professor of Law at Chicago-Kent College of Law and Senior Scholar at the Center for Clinical Medical Ethics at the University of Chicago, Illinois. [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7:117-118.score: 810.0
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  4. Jane A. Smith & Kenneth M. Boyd (eds.) (1991). Lives in the Balance: The Ethics of Using Animals in Biomedical Research: The Report of a Working Party of the Institute of Medical Ethics. Oxford University Press.score: 640.0
    This book is the result of a three-year study undertaken by a multidisciplinary working party of the Institute of Medical Ethic (UK). The group was chaired by a moral theologian, and its members included biological and ethological scientists, toxicologists, physicians, veterinary surgeons, an expert in alternatives to animal use, officers of animal welfare organizations, a Home Office Inspector, philosophers, and a lawyer. Coming from these different backgrounds, and holding a diversity of moral views, the members produced the agreed report as (...)
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  5. Gregory A. Boyd (2010). Two Ancient (and Modern) Motivations for Ascribing Exhaustively Definite Foreknowledge to God: A Historic Overview and Critical Assessment. Religious Studies 46 (1):41-59.score: 600.0
    The traditional Christian view that God foreknows the future exclusively in terms of what will and will not come to pass is partially rooted in two ancient Hellenistic philosophical assumptions. Hellenistic philosophers universally assumed that propositions asserting 'x will occur' contradict propositions asserting 'x will not occur' and generally assumed that the gods lose significant providential advantage if they know the future partly as a domain of possibilities rather than exclusively in terms of what will and will not occur. Both (...)
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  6. David P. Boyd, Jay A. Halfond, Peder C. Johnson & Timm L. Kainen (2013). A Family Affair: A Case of Altruism or Aggrandizement? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 113 (1):157-161.score: 600.0
    The case recounts an incident of theft at a CEOs home during a company party. The rogue may well be an employee, and the CEO considers his options: should he let the matter pass and preserve the good will generated by the party, or should he stand on principle and engage the issue frontally? Three commentators provide perspective on an optimal response. They consider whether the CEOs true intent is to show appreciation or showcase opulence. In addition, the aberrant behavior (...)
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  7. Craig A. Boyd (2004). Was Thomas Aquinas a Sociobiologist? Thomistic Natural Law, Rational Goods, and Sociobiology. Zygon 39 (3):659-680.score: 540.0
  8. Gregory A. Boyd (1994). Society and Spirit: A Trinitarian Cosmology. By Joseph Bracken. The Modern Schoolman 71 (4):319-322.score: 540.0
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  9. R. Ashcroft, D. Baron, S. Benstar, S. Bewley, K. Boyd, J. Caddick, A. Campbell, A. Cattan, G. Claden & A. Day (1998). Teaching Medical Ethics and Law Within Medical Education: A Model for the UK Core Curriculum. Consensus Statement by Teachers of Medical Ethics and Law in UK Medical Schools. Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (3):188-192.score: 540.0
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  10. Brian Boyd (2004). Laughter and Literature: A Play Theory of Humor. Philosophy and Literature 28 (1):1-22.score: 420.0
    : Humor seems uniquely human, but it has deep biological roots. Laughter, the best evidence suggests, derives from the ritualized breathing and open-mouth display common in animal play. Play evolved as training for the unexpected, in creatures putting themselves at risk of losing balance or dominance so that they learn to recover. Humor in turn involves play with the expectations we share-whether innate or acquired-in order to catch one another off guard in ways that simulate risk and stimulate recovery. An (...)
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  11. Colin Boyd (2012). The Nestlé Infant Formula Controversy and a Strange Web of Subsequent Business Scandals. Journal of Business Ethics 106 (3):283-293.score: 420.0
    The marketing of infant formula in third-world countries in the 1970s by Nestlé S.A. gave rise to a consumer boycott that came to be a widely taught case study in the field of Business Ethics. This article extends that case study by identifying three specific individuals who were associated with managing Nestlé’s response to that boycott. It reveals their subsequent direct involvement in a number of additional “classic” 1980s business scandals (some of which ended with major criminal trials and the (...)
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  12. James W. Boyd & Ron G. Williams (2005). Japanese Shinto: An Interpretation of a Priestly Perspective. Philosophy East and West 55 (1):33-63.score: 420.0
    : This is an interpretation of the experiential/religious meaning of Japanese Shrine Shintō as taught us primarily by the priests at Tsubaki Grand Shrine, Suzuka, Mie Prefecture. As a heuristic device, we suggest lines of comparison between the thought and practice of the Tsubaki priests and two Western thinkers: the Jewish philosopher Martin Buber and the French philosopher Georges Bataille. This in turn allows the construction of three interpretive categories that we believe illuminate both the Shintō worldview and Shintō ritual (...)
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  13. Peter J. Richerson & Robert Boyd, Complex Societies: The Evolutionary Origins of a Crude Superorganism.score: 420.0
    The complexity of human societies of the past few thousand years rivals that of social insect societies. We hypothesize that two sets of social “instincts” underpin and constrain the evolution of complex societies. One set is ancient and shared with other social primate species, and one is derived and unique to our lineage. The latter evolved by the late Pleistocene, and led to the evolution of institutions of intermediate complexity in acephalous societies. The institutions of complex societies often conflict with (...)
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  14. Rob Boyd, Memes: Universal Acid or a Better Mouse Trap?score: 420.0
    Among the many vivid metaphors in Darwin’s Dangerous Idea, one stands out. The understanding of how cumulative natural selection gives rise to adaptations is, Dennett says, like a “universal acid”—an idea so powerful and corrosive of conventional wisdom that it dissolves all attempts to contain it within biology. Like most good ideas, this one is very simple: Once replicators (material objects that are faithfully copied) come to exist, some will replicate more rapidly than others, leading to adaptation by natural selection. (...)
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  15. Peter J. Richerson & Robert Boyd, Migration: An Engine for Social Improvement the Movement of People Into Societies That Offer a Better Way of Life is a More Powerful Driver of Cultural Change Than Conflict and Conquest.score: 420.0
    As cultural evolutionists interested in how culture changes over the long term, we've thought and written a lot about migration, but only recently tumbled to an obvious idea: migration has a profound effect on how societies evolve culturally because it is selective. People move to societies that provide a more attractive way of life, and all other things being equal, this process spreads ideas and institutions that lead to economic efficiency, social order and equality.
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  16. Kenneth M. Boyd (1998). Little Lamb, Who Made Thee? A Letter From Edinburgh. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7 (2):199-202.score: 420.0
    Like many other locals, I was unprepared for the global media's invasion of Roslin. The former mining village just outside the southern city limits is best known to most Edinburgh citizens for its tiny, ornately carved medieval chapel. Constructed for Crusading Knights and long associated with Freemasons, Rosslyn Chapel was made famous by Sir Walter Scott's LayoftheLastMinstrel. Nowadays it is visited, in coachloads, by devotees of less literary and historically more dubious esoterica, many of whom believe that the Holy Grail (...)
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  17. Robert Boyd, A Tale of Two Defectors:The Importance of Standing for Evolution of Indirect Reciprocity.score: 420.0
    Indirect reciprocity occurs when the cooperative behavior between two individuals is contingent on their previous behavior toward others. Previous theoretical analysis indicates that indirect reciprocity can evolve if individuals use an image-scoring strategy. In this paper, we show that, when errors are added, indirect reciprocity cannot be based on an image-scoring strategy. However, if individuals use a standing strategy, then cooperation through indirect reciprocity is evolutionarily stable. These two strategies differ with respect to the information to which they attend. While (...)
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  18. Robert Boyd & Peter J. Richerson, Group Beneficial Norms Can Spread Rapidly in a Structured Population.score: 420.0
    Group beneficial norms are common in human societies. The persistence of such norms is consistent with evolutionary game theory, but existing models do not provide a plausible explanation for why they are common. We show that when a model of imitation used to derive replicator dynamics in isolated populations is generalized to allow for population structure, group beneficial norms can spread rapidly under plausible conditions. We also show that this mechanism allows recombination of different group beneficial norms arising in..
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  19. Dwight Boyd (1996). A Question of Adequate Aims. Journal of Moral Education 25 (1):21-29.score: 420.0
    Abstract Analysis of assumptions about the nature of moral relationships within the most well known approaches to moral education developed in North America during the last 25 years reveals two serious deficiencies in current theory. At one level the problem is that the range of variation is so broad as to give poor practical guidance; to this a call is made for the right kind of integrated theory. At a deeper level a problem is seen with the commonly shared assumption (...)
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  20. James Waldemar Boyd & Ron G. Williams (2005). Japanese Shintō: An Interpretation of a Priestly Perspective. Philosophy East and West 55 (1):33 - 63.score: 420.0
    This is an interpretation of the experiential/religious meaning of Japanese Shrine Shinto as taught us primarily by the priests at Tsubaki Grand Shrine, Suzuka, Mie Prefecture. As a heuristic device, we suggest lines of comparison between the thought and practice of the Tsubaki priests and two Western thinkers: the Jewish philosopher Martin Buber and the French philosopher Georges Bataille. This in turn allows the construction of three interpretive categories that we believe illuminate both the Shintō worldview and Shintō ritual practice.
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  21. Richard N. Boyd (1995). 15 How to Be a Moral Realist. In Paul K. Moser & J. D. Trout (eds.), Contemporary Materialism: A Reader. Routledge. 297.score: 420.0
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  22. Peter J. Richerson & Robert Boyd, Evolution on a Restless Planet: Were Environmental Variability and Environmental Change Major Drivers of Human Evolution?score: 420.0
    Two kinds of factors set the tempo and direction of organic and cultural evolution, those external to biotic evolutionary process, such as changes in the earth’s physical and chemical environments, and those internal to it, such as the time required for chance factors to lead lineages across adaptive valleys to a new niche space (Valentine 1985). The relative importance of these two sorts of processes is widely debated. Valentine (1973) argued that marine invertebrate diversity patterns responded to seafloor spreading as (...)
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  23. G. Boyd (2010). Palatable Mathematical Science in Schools?: Review of “Radical Constructivism. A Relativist Epistemic Approach to Science Education' by Andres Quale. Sense Publishers, Rotterdam, 2008. [REVIEW] Constructivist Foundations 5 (2):92--93.score: 420.0
    Upshot: This is a book for thoughtful science and mathematics teachers and curriculum developers and educational philosophers. Quale helps us to challenge pernicious received “truths‘ and offers us intriguing perspectives, valuable discourse ventures and practical paedagogic strategies to engage the youth of today who are turning away from science in droves, to their and our cost.
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  24. Richard Boyd (1988). How to Be a Moral Realist. In G. Sayre-McCord (ed.), Essays on Moral Realism. Cornell University Press. 181-228.score: 360.0
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  25. Richard N. Boyd (1973). Realism, Underdetermination, and a Causal Theory of Evidence. Noûs 7 (1):1-12.score: 360.0
  26. Brian Boyd (2001). The Origin of Stories: Horton Hears a Who. Philosophy and Literature 25 (2):197-214.score: 360.0
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  27. Brian Boyd (2005). Literature and Evolution: A Bio-Cultural Approach. Philosophy and Literature 29 (1):1-23.score: 360.0
  28. Robort Boyd & Peter J. Richerson (1976). A Simple Dual Inheritance Model of the Conflict Between Social and Biological Evolution. Zygon 11 (3):254-262.score: 360.0
  29. Dwight Boyd & Lawrence Kohlberg (1973). The is-Ought Problem: A Developmental Perspective. Zygon 8 (3-4):358-372.score: 360.0
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  30. Brian Boyd (2006). Theory Is Dead--Like a Zombie. Philosophy and Literature 30 (1):289-298.score: 360.0
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  31. M. J. Boyd (1955). Liber Adrien Bruhl: Liber Pater. Origine Et Expansion du Culte Dionysiaque à Rome Et Dans le Monde Romain. (Bibl. Des Éicoles Françaises d'Athènes Et de Rome, Fasc. 175.) Pp. Xii+355; 32 Plates. Paris: De Boccard, 1953. Paper, 2, 000 Fr. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 5 (01):95-96.score: 360.0
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  32. Colin Boyd (1997). Business Ethics in Canada: A Personal View. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 16 (6):605-609.score: 360.0
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  33. Dwight Boyd & Deanne Bogdan (1985). Rhetorical Realities: A Response to McAninch's Interpretation of Values and Teaching. Educational Theory 35 (3):327-330.score: 360.0
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  34. Ian Boyd (2008). A Theological Reading of The Man Who Was Thursday. The Chesterton Review 34 (3-4):541-547.score: 360.0
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  35. Craig Boyd (1998). Is Thomas Aquinas a Divine Command Theorist? The Modern Schoolman 75 (3):209-226.score: 360.0
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  36. Dwight Boyd & Deanne Bogdan (1984). 'Something' Clarified, Nothing of 'Value': A Rhetorical Critique of Values Clarification. Educational Theory 34 (3):287-300.score: 360.0
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  37. M. J. Boyd (1960). The Cult of Ceres at Rome Henri le Bonniec: Le Culte de Cérès à Rome des Origines à la Fin de la République. (Études Et Commentaires, Xxvii.) Pp. 507. Paris: Klincksieck, 1958. Paper, 28 Fr. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 10 (02):147-151.score: 360.0
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  38. Michael Boyd & Samuel Provost (2001). Application de la Prospection Géophysique à la Topographie Urbaine I. Philippes, les Quartiers Sud-Ouest. Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 125 (2):453-521.score: 360.0
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  39. Mari Boyd (forthcoming). A Feminist Gaze at the Love Suicides by Chikamatsu Monzaemon. Sophia.score: 360.0
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  40. K. M. Boyd (1984). Expensive Medical Techniques. Report of a Working Party. Journal of Medical Ethics 10 (1):50-50.score: 360.0
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  41. M. J. Boyd (1937). Roger A. Pack: Studies in Libanius and Antiochene Society Under Theodosius. Pp. Xii + 126. Menasha, Wisconsin: George Banta Publishing Company, 1935. Paper. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 51 (01):38-.score: 360.0
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  42. C. Foster, J. Herring & M. Boyd (forthcoming). Testing the Limits of the 'Joint Account' Model of Genetic Information: A Legal Thought Experiment. Journal of Medical Ethics.score: 360.0
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  43. Scott Boyd (2011). Considering a Theory of Autopoietic Culture. Cultura. International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology 8 (2):85-104.score: 360.0
    Name der Zeitschrift: Cultura. International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology Jahrgang: 8 Heft: 2 Seiten: 85-104.
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  44. M. J. Boyd (1937). Stephen MacKenna: Journal and Letters. Edited with a Memoir by E. R. Dodds. Pp. Xvii + 330; 4 Illustrations. London: Constable, 1936. Cloth, 18s. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 51 (02):85-86.score: 360.0
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  45. Susan L. Boyd (1995). A Look Into the Constitutional Understanding of Slavery. Res Publica 6 (1).score: 360.0
     
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  46. John D. Boyd (1985). A New Mimesis? Renascence 37 (3):136-161.score: 360.0
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