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  1. Elizabeth S. Anderson (1999). What is the Point of Equality? Ethics 109 (2):287-337.
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  2. Thomas Pogge, Erin Kelly, Elizabeth Anderson, Norman Daniels, Lorella Terzi & Colin M. Macleod (unknown). Measuring Justice: Primary Goods and Capabilities. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  3.  90
    Elizabeth Anderson (1993). Value in Ethics and Economics. Harvard University Press.
    Women as commercial baby factories, nature as an economic resource, life as one big shopping mall: This is what we get when we use the market as a common ...
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  4. Elizabeth Anderson (2011). Democracy, Public Policy, and Lay Assessments of Scientific Testimony. Episteme 8 (2):144-164.
    Responsible public policy making in a technological society must rely on complex scientific reasoning. Given that ordinary citizens cannot directly assess such reasoning, does this call the democratic legitimacy of technical public policies in question? It does not, provided citizens can make reliable second-order assessments of the consensus of trustworthy scientific experts. I develop criteria for lay assessment of scientific testimony and demonstrate, in the case of claims about anthropogenic global warming, that applying such criteria is easy for anyone of (...)
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  5. Elizabeth Anderson (2004). Uses of Value Judgments in Science: A General Argument, with Lessons From a Case Study of Feminist Research on Divorce. Hypatia 19 (1):1-24.
    : The underdetermination argument establishes that scientists may use political values to guide inquiry, without providing criteria for distinguishing legitimate from illegitimate guidance. This paper supplies such criteria. Analysis of the confused arguments against value-laden science reveals the fundamental criterion of illegitimate guidance: when value judgments operate to drive inquiry to a predetermined conclusion. A case study of feminist research on divorce reveals numerous legitimate ways that values can guide science without violating this standard.
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  6. Elizabeth Anderson (2006). The Epistemology of Democracy. Episteme 3 (1-2):8-22.
    Th is paper investigates the epistemic powers of democratic institutions through an assessment of three epistemic models of democracy : the Condorcet Jury Th eorem, the Diversity Trumps Ability Th eorem, and Dewey's experimentalist model. Dewey's model is superior to the others in its ability to model the epistemic functions of three constitutive features of democracy : the epistemic diversity of participants, the interaction of voting with discussion, and feedback mechanisms such as periodic elections and protests. It views democracy as (...)
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  7. Elizabeth Anderson (2012). Epistemic Justice as a Virtue of Social Institutions. Social Epistemology 26 (2):163-173.
    In Epistemic injustice, Miranda Fricker makes a tremendous contribution to theorizing the intersection of social epistemology with theories of justice. Theories of justice often take as their object of assessment either interpersonal transactions (specific exchanges between persons) or particular institutions. They may also take a more comprehensive perspective in assessing systems of institutions. This systemic perspective may enable control of the cumulative effects of millions of individual transactions that cannot be controlled at the individual or institutional levels. This is true (...)
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  8. Elizabeth Anderson (2007). Feminist Epistemology and Philosophy of Science. In Edward N. Zalta (ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Feminist epistemology and philosophy of science studies the ways in which gender does and ought to influence our conceptions of knowledge, the knowing subject, and practices of inquiry and justification. It identifies ways in which dominant conceptions and practices of knowledge attribution, acquisition, and justification systematically disadvantage women and other subordinated groups, and strives to reform these conceptions and practices so that they serve the interests of these groups. Various practitioners of feminist epistemology and philosophy of science argue that dominant (...)
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  9. Elizabeth Anderson (2007). Fair Opportunity in Education: A Democratic Equality Perspective. Ethics 117 (4):595-622.
  10. Elizabeth S. Anderson (1990). Is Women's Labor a Commodity? Philosophy and Public Affairs 19 (1):71-92.
  11. Elizabeth Anderson (1995). Knowledge, Human Interests, and Objectivity in Feminist Epistemology. Philosophical Topics 23 (2):27-58.
  12.  33
    Elizabeth Anderson (2015). Equality and Freedom in the Workplace: Recovering Republican Insights. Social Philosophy and Policy 31 (2):48-69.
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  13.  95
    Elizabeth Anderson (2009). Democracy: Instrumental Vs. Non-Instrumental Value. In Thomas Christiano & John Philip Christman (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Political Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell 213--227.
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  14. Elizabeth Anderson (1995). Feminist Epistemology: An Interpretation and a Defense. Hypatia 10 (3):50 - 84.
    Feminist epistemology has often been understood as the study of feminine "ways of knowing." But feminist epistemology is better understood as the branch of naturalized, social epistemology that studies the various influences of norms and conceptions of gender and gendered interests and experiences on the production of knowledge. This understanding avoids dubious claims about feminine cognitive differences and enables feminist research in various disciplines to pose deep internal critiques of mainstream research.
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  15. Margaret Gilbert, Andrew Mason, Elizabeth S. Anderson, J. David Velleman, Matthew H. Kramer, Michele M. Moody‐Adams & Martha C. Nussbaum (1999). 10. Lucius T. Outlaw, Jr., On Race and Philosophy Lucius T. Outlaw, Jr., On Race and Philosophy (Pp. 454-456). Ethics 109 (2).
     
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  16. Elizabeth Anderson, Social Movements, Experiments in Living, and Moral Progress: Case Studies From Britain’s Abolition of Slavery.
    This is the text of The Lindley Lecture for 2014, given by Elizabeth Anderson, an American philosopher.
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  17.  28
    Elizabeth Anderson (2008). How Should Egalitarians Cope with Market Risks? Theoretical Inquiries in Law 9 (1):239-270.
    Individuals in capitalist societies are increasingly exposed to market risks. Luck egalitarian theories, which advocate neutralizing the influence of luck on distribution, fail to cope with this problem, because they focus on the wrong kinds of distributive constraints. Rules of distributive justice can specify (1) acceptable procedures for allocating goods, (2) the range of acceptable variations in distributive outcomes, or (3) which individuals should have which goods, according to individual characteristics such as desert or need. Desert-catering luck egalitarians offer rules (...)
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  18.  45
    Elizabeth Anderson (2009). Toward a Non-Ideal, Relational Methodology for Political Philosophy: Comments on Schwartzman's "Challenging Liberalism". Hypatia 24 (4):130 - 145.
  19. Elizabeth Anderson (2004). Animal Rights and the Values of Nonhuman Life. In Cass R. Sunstein & Martha Craven Nussbaum (eds.), Animal Rights: Current Debates and New Directions. Oxford University Press 277.
     
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  20. Elizabeth Anderson (1990). The Ethical Limitations of the Market. Economics and Philosophy 6 (2):179.
    A distinctive feature of modern capitalist societies is the tendency of the market to take over the production, maintenance, and distribution of goods that were previously produced, maintained, and distributed by nonmarket means. Yet, there is a wide range of disagreement regarding the proper extent of the market in providing many goods. Labor has been treated as a commodity since the advent of capitalism, but not without significant and continuing challenges to this arrangement. Other goods whose production for and distribution (...)
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  21. Elizabeth Anderson (2008). An Epistemic Defense of Democracy: David Estlund's Democratic Authority. Episteme 5 (1):pp. 129-139.
    In Democratic Authority, David Estlund 2008 presents a major new defense of democracy, called epistemic proceduralism. The theory claims that democracy exercises legitimate authority in virtue of possessing a modest epistemic power: its decisions are the product of procedures that tend to produce just laws at a better than chance rate, and better than any other type of government that is justifiable within the terms of public reason. The balance Estlund strikes between epistemic and non-epistemic justifications of democracy is open (...)
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  22.  85
    Elizabeth Anderson (2000). Beyond Homo Economicus: New Developments in Theories of Social Norms. Philosophy and Public Affairs 29 (2):170–200.
  23. Elizabeth S. Anderson (1991). John Stuart Mill and Experiments in Living. Ethics 102 (1):4-26.
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  24. Elizabeth Anderson (2001). Symposium on Amartya Sen's Philosophy: 2 Unstrapping the Straitjacket of ‘Preference’: A Comment on Amartya Sen's Contributions to Philosophy and Economics. Economics and Philosophy 17 (1):21-38.
    The concept of preference dominates economic theory today. It performs a triple duty for economists, grounding their theories of individual behavior, welfare, and rationality. Microeconomic theory assumes that individuals act so as to maximize their utility – that is, to maximize the degree to which their preferences are satisfied. Welfare economics defines individual welfare in terms of preference satisfaction or utility, and social welfare as a function of individual preferences. Finally, economists assume that the rational act is the act that (...)
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  25.  74
    Elizabeth Anderson, Dewey's Moral Philosophy. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    John Dewey (1859-1952) lived from the Civil War to the Cold War, a period of extraordinary social, economic, demographic, political and technological change. During his lifetime the United States changed from a rural to an urban society, from an agricultural to an industrial economy, from a regional to a world power. It emancipated its slaves, but subjected them to white supremacy. It absorbed millions of immigrants from Europe and Asia, but faced wrenching conflicts between capital and labor as they were (...)
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  26. Elizabeth S. Anderson, Why Commercial Surrogate Motherhood Unethically Commodifies Women and Children: Reply to McLachlan and Swales. [REVIEW]
    McLachlan and Swales dispute my arguments against commercial surrogatemotherhood. In reply, I argue that commercial surrogate contractsobjectionably commodify children because they regardparental rights over children not as trusts, to be allocated in the bestinterests of the child, but as like property rights, to be allocatedat the will o the parents. They also express disrespect for mothers, bycompromising their inalienable right to act in the best interest of theirchildren, when this interest calls for mothers to assert a custody rightin their children.
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  27. Elizabeth Anderson (2004). Uses of Value Judgments in Feminist Social Science: A Case Study of Research on Divorce. Hypatia 19 (1):1-24.
  28.  35
    Elizabeth S. Anderson (1995). The Democratic University: The Role of Justice in the Production of Knowledge. Social Philosophy and Policy 12 (2):186-219.
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  29. Elizabeth Anderson (2008). Expanding the Egalitarian Toolbox: Equality and Bureaucracy. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 82 (1):139-160.
    Many problems of inequality in developing countries resist treatment by formal egalitarian policies. To deal with these problems, we must shift from a distributive to a relational conception of equality, founded on opposition to social hierarchy. Yet the production of many goods requires the coordination of wills by means of commands. In these cases, egalitarians must seek to tame rather than abolish hierarchy. I argue that bureaucracy offers important constraints on command hierarchies that help promote the equality of workers in (...)
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  30. Elizabeth Anderson (2006). Recent Thinking About Sexual Harassment: A Review Essay. Philosophy and Public Affairs 34 (3):284–312.
  31.  80
    Elizabeth Anderson (2010). The Fundamental Disagreement Between Luck Egalitarians and Relational Egalitarians. In Colin M. Macleod (ed.), Justice and Equality. University of Calgary Press 1-23.
  32.  5
    Elizabeth S. Anderson (1995). The Democratic University: The Role of Justice in the Production of Knowledge*: ELIZABETH S. ANDERSON. Social Philosophy and Policy 12 (2):186-219.
    What is the proper role of politics in higher education? Many policies and reforms in the academy, from affirmative action and a multicultural curriculum to racial and sexual harassment codes and movements to change pedagogical styles, seek justice for oppressed groups in society. They understand justice to require a comprehensive equality of membership: individuals belonging to different groups should have equal access to educational opportunities; their interests and cultures should be taken equally seriously as worthy subjects of study, their persons (...)
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  33.  80
    Elizabeth Anderson (2004). Welfare, Work Requirements, and Dependant-Care. Journal of Applied Philosophy 21 (3):243-256.
    the arguments in their favour are weak. Arguments based on reciprocity fail to explain why only means-tested public benefits should be subject to work requirements, and why unpaid dependant care work should not count as satisfying citizens’ obligations to reciprocate. Argu- ments based on promoting the work ethic misattribute recipients’ nonwork to deviant values, when their core problem is finding steady employment consistent with supporting a family and meeting dependant care responsibilities. Rigid work requirements impose unreasonable costs on some of (...)
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  34.  32
    Elizabeth Anderson (1996). Reasons, Attitudes, and Values: Replies to Sturgeon and Piper. Ethics 106 (3):538-554.
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  35. Elizabeth Anderson (2008). Emotions in Kant's Later Moral Philosophy: Honour and the Phenomenology of Moral Value. In Monika Betzler (ed.), Kant's Ethics of Virtues. Walter De Gruyter
  36.  20
    Elizabeth Anderson (2015). On Ralph Barton Perry’s “What Do We Mean by Democracy?”. Ethics 125 (2):517-520,.
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  37.  85
    Elizabeth Anderson (2005). Moral Heuristics: Rigid Rules or Flexible Inputs in Moral Deliberation? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (4):544-545.
    Sunstein represents moral heuristics as rigid rules that lead us to jump to moral conclusions, and contrasts them with reflective moral deliberation, which he represents as independent of heuristics and capable of supplanting them. Following John Dewey's psychology of moral judgment, I argue that successful moral deliberation does not supplant moral heuristics but uses them flexibly as inputs to deliberation. Many of the flaws in moral judgment that Sunstein attributes to heuristics reflect instead the limitations of the deliberative context in (...)
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  38.  71
    Elizabeth Anderson (2004). Ethical Assumptions in Economic Theory: Some Lessons From the History of Credit and Bankruptcy. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 7 (4):347 - 360.
    This paper evaluates the economic assumptions of economic theory via an examination of the capitalist transformation of creditor–debtor relations in the 18th century. This transformation enabled masses of people to obtain credit without moral opprobrium or social subordination. Classical 18th century economics had the ethical concepts to appreciate these facts. Ironically, contemporary economic theory cannot. I trace this fault to its abstract representations of freedom, efficiency, and markets. The virtues of capitalism lie in the concrete social relations and social meanings (...)
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  39.  5
    Elizabeth Anderson (2004). Uses of Value Judgments in Science: A General Argument, with Lessons From a Case Study of Feminist Research on Divorce. Hypatia 19 (1):1-24.
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  40. Elizabeth Anderson (2006). The Epistemology of Democracy. Episteme: A Journal of Social Epistemology 3 (1):8-22.
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  41.  34
    Elizabeth Anderson (2013). Book Review: Free Market Fairness. [REVIEW] Political Theory 41 (1):163-166.
  42.  99
    Elizabeth Anderson, Sen, Ethics, and Democracy.
    Amartya Sen’s ethical theorizing helps feminists resolve the tensions between the claims of women’s particular perspectives and moral objectivity. His concept of ‘‘positional objectivity’’ highlights the epistemological significance of value judgments made from particular social positions, while holding that certain values may become widely shared. He shows how acknowledging positionality is consistent with affirming the universal value of democracy. This article builds on Sen’s work by proposing an analysis of democracy as a set of institutions that aims to intelligently utilize (...)
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  43.  65
    Elizabeth S. Anderson, Racial Integration As a Compelling Interest.
    The premise of this symposium is that the principle and ideal developed in Brown v. Board of Education2 and its successor cases lie at the heart of the rationale for affirmative action in higher education. The principle of the school desegregation cases is that racial segregation is an injustice that demands remediation. The ideal of the school desegregation cases is that racial integration is a positive good, without which “the dream of one Nation, indivisible”3 cannot be realized. Both the principle (...)
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  44.  24
    Elizabeth Anderson (2012). Or an Ideal of Social Relations? In David Estlund (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Political Philosophy. Oxford University Press, Usa 40.
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  45.  77
    Elizabeth Anderson (2005). Rationality and Freedom. Philosophical Review 114 (2):253-271.
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  46.  2
    Elizabeth Anderson (2006). Recent Thinking About Sexual Harassment: A Review Essay. Philosophy and Public Affairs 34 (3):284-312.
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  47.  15
    Elizabeth Anderson (1999). Margaret Jane Radin, Contested Commodities:Contested Commodities. Ethics 109 (4):914-917.
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  48.  20
    Joseph R. Fitchett, Paul G. Reidy, Elizabeth J. Anderson, Sebastien Forte & Kenrry Chiu (2013). The WHO Simulation Initiative: Improving Global Health Partnerships. [REVIEW] Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 8 (1):6.
    The WHO Simulation Initiative is a transnational project looking to support the establishment of simulations of the WHO World Health Assembly across all WHO regions.
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  49.  37
    Elizabeth Anderson, Philosophy.
    I am very grateful for the thoughtful and illuminating comments of Linda Alcoff, Sharyn Clough, Marianne Janack, and Charles Mills on my Hypatia paper. Together, they raise several related questions about the status of value judgments and the roles they might legitimately play in scientific inquiry. Two common concerns relate to the proper scope of the legitimate use of value judgments in science, and whether there are significant differences between value judgments and factual judgments with respect to their revisability. Let (...)
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  50.  8
    Elizabeth Anderson (1988). Review: Values, Risks, and Market Norms. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Public Affairs 17 (1):54 - 65.
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