Search results for 'Elsie Myers Stainton' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Jessica de Villiers, Brooke Myers & Robert J. Stainton (2013). Revisiting Pragmatic Abilities in Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Follow-Up Study with Controls. Pragmatics and Cognition 21 (2):253-269.score: 4800.0
    In a 2007 paper, we argued that speakers with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) exhibit pragmatic abilities which are surprising given the usual understanding of communication in that group. That is, it is commonly reported that people diagnosed with an ASD have trouble with metaphor, irony, conversational implicature and other non-literal language. This is not a matter of trouble with knowledge and application of rules of grammar. The difficulties lie, rather, in successful communicative interaction. Though we did find pragmatic errors within (...)
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  2. Elsie Myers Stainton (1972). E. A. Burtt: Bibliography. Philosophy East and West 22 (4):461-465.score: 870.0
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  3. Robert J. Stainton & Samantha Brennan (2009). Philosophy and Death: Introductory Readings. Broadview Press.score: 60.0
    Philosophical reflection on death dates back to ancient times, but death remains a most profound and puzzling topic. Samantha Brennan and Robert Stainton have assembled a compelling selection of core readings from the philosophical literature on death. The views of ancient writers such as Plato, Epicurus, and Lucretius are set alongside the work of contemporary figures such as Thomas Nagel, John Perry, and Judith Jarvis Thomson. -/- Brennan and Stainton divide the anthology into three parts. Part I considers (...)
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  4. Robert Stainton (2006). Words and Thoughts: Subsentences, Ellipsis, and the Philosophy of Language. Published in the United States by Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    It is a near truism of philosophy of language that sentences are prior to words--that they are the only things that fundamentally have meaning. Robert's Stainton's study interrogates this idea, drawing on a wide body of evidence to argue that speakers can and do use mere words, not sentences, to communicate complex thoughts.
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  5. Robert H. Myers (1999). Self-Governance and Cooperation. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    Robert Myers presents an original moral theory which charts a course between the extremes of consequentialism and contractualism. He puts forward a radically new case for the existence of both agent-neutral and agent-relative values, and gives an innovative answer to the question how such disparate values can be weighed against each other. The result is a theory of morality which combines a balanced account of its content with a ringing affirmation of its authority.
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  6. Tony Myers (2003). Slavoj Žižek. Routledge.score: 60.0
    Slavoj Zizek is no ordinary philosopher. Approaching critical theory and psychoanalysis in a recklessly entertaining fashion, Zizek's critical eye alights upon a bewildering and exhilarating range of subjects, from the political apathy of contemporary life, to a joke about the man who thinks he's a chicken, from the ethicial heroism of Keanu Reeves in speed , to what toilet designs reveal about the national psyche. Tony Myers provides a clear and engaging guide to Zizek's key ideas, explaining the main (...)
     
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  7. Robert J. Myers (1996). Notes on the Just War Theory: Whose Justice, Which Wars? Ethics and International Affairs 10 (1):115–130.score: 30.0
  8. David Myers (2003). The Social Psychology of Sustainability. World Futures 59 (3 & 4):201 – 211.score: 30.0
    The earth cannot support humanity's increasing population and consumption. Concerned scientists and citizens are therefore wondering how we might work toward a sustainable, survivable human future. Sustainability involves increased technological efficiency and agricultural productivity, but also incentives and attitudes that moderate consumption. Social psychology contributes to changing attitudes and behavior with evidence that a) materialism exacts psychic as well as environmental costs, and b) economic growth has failed to improve human morale. Two principles-the adaptation level phenomenon and social comparison-help explain (...)
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  9. Robert J. Stainton (ed.) (2006). Contemporary Debates in Cognitive Science. Malden MA: Blackwell Publishing.score: 30.0
  10. Robert Stainton (2010). Contextualism in Epistemology and the Context-Sensitivity of 'Knows'. In Campbell, O'Rourke & Silverstein (eds.), Knowledge and Skepticism.score: 30.0
    The central issue of this essay is whether contextualism in epistemology is genuinely in conflict with recent claims that ‘know’ is not in fact a contextsensitive word. To address this question, I will first rehearse three key aims of contextualists and the broad strategy they adopt for achieving them. I then introduce two linguistic arguments to the effect that the lexical item ‘know’ is not context sensitive, one from Herman Cappelen and Ernie Lepore, one from Jason Stanley. I find these (...)
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  11. Alex Barber & Robert Stainton, Concise Encyclopedia of Philosophy of Language and Linguistics.score: 30.0
  12. Gerald E. Myers (1957). Ryle on Pleasure. Journal of Philosophy 54 (March):181-187.score: 30.0
  13. Robert J. Stainton (2011). In Defense of Public Languages. Linguistics and Philosophy 34 (5):479-488.score: 30.0
    My modest aim in this note is to sketch three interrelated critiques of public languages, and to respond to them. All are broadly Chomskyan, and all support the same conclusion: that, insofar as they even exist, the study of public languages is not a viable scientific project. (Related critiques of semantics, understood as involving word–world relations, will be touched on as well).
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  14. Gerald E. Myers (1971). William James on Time Perception. Philosophy of Science 38 (September):353-360.score: 30.0
    James argued that time is a sensation, and the main point of this paper is to deny that claim. The concept of the specious present is explained, indicating how it clarifies the concept of "the present moment." But neither it nor an argument used by Mach and James show time to be a sensation. The analysis presented here requires distinguishing concepts of sensation from concepts of temporal relations. James' view is really a theory that time-as-duration is sensed. But this assumes (...)
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  15. Jessica de Villiers & Robert J. Stainton, Differential Pragmatic Abilities and Autism Spectrum Disorders: The Case of Pragmatic Determinants of Literal Content.score: 30.0
    It has become something of a truism that people with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) have difficulties with pragmatics. Granting this, however, it is important to keep in mind that there are numerous kinds of pragmatic ability. One very important divide lies between those pragmatic competences which pertain to non-literal contents – as in, for instance, metaphor, irony and Gricean conversational implicatures – and those which pertain to the literal contents of speech acts. It is against this backdrop that our question (...)
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  16. C. Mason Myers (1971). Moore's Paradox of Analysis. Metaphilosophy 2 (4):295–308.score: 30.0
    The nature of conceptual analysis is elucidated by a proposed solution to moore's paradox of analysis. Occurrent, Dispositional, And property concepts are distinguished, And the notion of epistemic gain is introduced and explained. It is shown that although a correct analysis equates property concepts this is done with epistemic gain. It is argued that in a correct analysis there must be no identity between analysans and analysandum in respect to occurrent concepts. The relevance of thought experiments to conceptual analysis is (...)
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  17. Reinaldo Elugardo & Robert J. Stainton (2004). Shorthand, Syntactic Ellipsis, and the Pragmatic Determinants of What is Said. Mind and Language 19 (4):442–471.score: 30.0
    Our first aim in this paper is to respond to four novel objections in Jason Stanley's 'Context and Logical Form'. Taken together, those objections attempt to debunk our prior claims that one can perform a genuine speech act by using a subsentential expression—where by 'subsentential expression' we mean an ordinary word or phrase, not embedded in any larger syntactic structure. Our second aim is to make it plausible that, pace Stanley, there really are pragmatic determinants of the literal truthconditional content (...)
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  18. Axel Arturo Barceló Aspeitia, Ángeles Eraña & Robert Stainton (2010). The Contribution of Domain Specificity in the Highly Modular Mind. Minds and Machines 20 (1):19-27.score: 30.0
    Is there a notion of domain specificity which affords genuine insight in the context of the highly modular mind, i.e. a mind which has not only input modules, but also central ‘conceptual’ modules? Our answer to this question is no. The main argument is simple enough: we lay out some constraints that a theoretically useful notion of domain specificity, in the context of the highly modular mind, would need to meet. We then survey a host of accounts of what domain (...)
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  19. Andrew Brook & Robert J. Stainton (1997). Fodor's New Theory of Content and Computation. Mind and Language 12 (3-4):459-74.score: 30.0
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  20. Robert J. Stainton & Christopher D. Viger (2000). Review of Jerry A. Fodor's Concepts: Where Cognitive Science Went Wrong. [REVIEW] Synthese 123 (1):131-151.score: 30.0
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  21. David B. Myers (2003). Exclusivism, Eternal Damnation, and the Problem of Evil: A Critique of Craig's Molinist Soteriological Theodicy. Religious Studies 39 (4):407-419.score: 30.0
    According to orthodox Christianity, salvation depends on faith in Christ. If, however, God eternally punishes those who die ignorant of Christ, it appears that we have special instance of the problem of evil: the punishment of the religiously innocent. This is called the soteriological problem of evil. Using Molina's concept of middle knowledge, William Lane Craig develops a solution to this problem which he considers a theodicy. As developed by Craig, the Molinist theodicy rests on the problematic assumption that all (...)
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  22. F. J. Pelletier & R. J. Stainton (2003). On 'the Denial of Bivalence is Absurd'. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 81 (3):369 – 382.score: 30.0
    Timothy Williamson, in various places, has put forward an argument that is supposed to show that denying bivalence is absurd. This paper is an examination of the logical force of this argument, which is found wanting.
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  23. Jessica de Villiers, Robert J. Stainton & And Peter Szatmari (2007). Pragmatic Abilities in Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Case Study in Philosophy and the Empirical. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 31 (1):292–317.score: 30.0
    This article has two aims. The first is to introduce some novel data that highlight rather surprising pragmatic abilities in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The second is to consider a possible implication of these data for an emerging empirical methodology in philosophy of language and mind. In pursuing the first aim, we expect our main audience to be clinicians and linguists interested in pragmatics. It is when we turn to methodological issues that we hope to pique the interest of philosophers. (...)
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  24. Charles M. Myers (1962). Perceptual Events, States, and Processes. Philosophy of Science 29 (July):285-291.score: 30.0
    The notion that there is a category mistake or some other conceptual confusion in regarding seeing, hearing, and other forms of perception as events, states, or processes is incorrect. Ryle's analysis of "seeing" as an achievement word does not rule out our regarding seeing as an event, but in fact suggests that we do so when we carry the analysis beyond the point where Ryle leaves it. Furthermore there are uses of "see" not noticed by Ryle which justify our saying (...)
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  25. Raphael Bousso, Oliver DeWolfe & Robert C. Myers (2003). Unbounded Entropy in Spacetimes with Positive Cosmological Constant. Foundations of Physics 33 (2):297-321.score: 30.0
    In theories of gravity with a positive cosmological constant, we consider product solutions with flux, of the form (A)dS p ×S q . Most solutions are shown to be perturbatively unstable, including all uncharged dS p ×S q spacetimes. For dimensions greater than four, the stable class includes universes whose entropy exceeds that of de Sitter space, in violation of the conjectured “N-bound.” Hence, if quantum gravity theories with finite-dimensional Hilbert space exist, the specification of a positive cosmological constant will (...)
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  26. Gerald E. Myers (1969). William James's Theory of Emotion. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 5 (2):67-89.score: 30.0
  27. Robert Stainton, Neither Fragments nor Ellipsis.score: 30.0
    Jason Merchant (2004, and Chap. 3, this volume) proposes to account for all speech acts performed with “fragments,” whether in discourse-initial position or otherwise, by appealing to syntactic ellipsis. Though his proposal is insightful, I offer empirical and methodological considerations against it. Empirical problems include: (a) His alleged “elliptical sentences” do not embed the way they should; (b) in some cases where Merchant requires fronting to take place, it is blocked – either by an island (e.g., in English) or because (...)
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  28. Robert J. Stainton (2006). Revenge (La Venganza). Critica 38 (112):3 - 20.score: 30.0
    This paper discusses, in a preliminary manner, what revenge is. (It does not address the rationality or moral standing of revenge.) In particular, it proposes four elements of revenge --an agent, a recipient, a harm intended by the former, and a harm done by the latter which provokes the revenge. Based on these four elements, it highlights both agent-internal conditions for getting revenge, and agent-external ones. Along the way, the paper contrasts revenge with related phenomena like merely getting even, and (...)
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  29. Reinaldo Elugardo & Robert J. Stainton (2001). Logical Form Andthe Vernacular. Mind and Language 16 (4):393-424.score: 30.0
  30. Gerald E. Myers (1957). Perception and the 'Time-Lag' Argument. Analysis 17 (April):97-102.score: 30.0
  31. Robert Stainton (2005). In Defense of Non-Sentential Assertions. In Zoltán Gendler Szabó (ed.), Semantics Versus Pragmatics. Oxford University Press. 383--458.score: 30.0
    In what follows, I introduce a pragmatics-oriented approach to non-sentential speech, and defend it against two recent attacks. Among other things, I will rehearse and elaborate a defense against the idea that much, or even all, of such speech is actually syntactically elliptical—and hence should be treated semantically, rather than pragmatically. The chapter is structured as follows. In Section 1 I introduce the phenomenon, contrast semantic versus pragmatic approaches to it, and explain some of what hinges on which approach is (...)
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  32. Michael D. Myers & Leigh Miller (1996). Ethical Dilemmas in the Use of Information Technology: An Aristotelian Perspective. Ethics and Behavior 6 (2):153 – 160.score: 30.0
    As computer-based information systems start to have a great impact on people, organizations, and society as a whole, there is much debate about information technology in relation to social control and privacy, security and reliability, and ethics and professional responsibilities. However, more often than not, these debates reveal some fundamental disagreements, sometimes about first principles. In this article the authors suggest that a fruitful and interesting way to conceptualize some of these moral and ethical issues associated with the use of (...)
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  33. Charles S. Myers (1900). Vitalism: A Brief Historical and Critical Review. Mind 9 (34):218-233.score: 30.0
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  34. Robert J. Stainton (1996). What Assertion is Not. Philosophical Studies 85 (1):57-73.score: 30.0
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  35. Robert Stainton, Philosophy of Language.score: 30.0
    Philosophy of language is an extraordinarily rich field. It has a history stretching back, in the Western tradition, to the pre-Socratics. And, in the last century or so, it has been of central concern in both the Anglo-American and Continental traditions. Obviously, a brief survey cannot hope to cover such intellectual abundance. What’s more, as this encyclopedia itself attests to, pragmatics is an equally rich academic endeavour. Any mere overview of their intersection must, then, narrow its focus. As a (...)
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  36. Josef Perner, Susan R. Leekam, Deborah Myers, Shalini Davis & Nicola Odgers, Misrepresentation and Referential Confusion: Children's Difficulty with False Beliefs and Outdated Photographs.score: 30.0
    Three and 4-year-old children were tested on matched versions of Zaitchik's (1990) photo task and Wimmer and Perner's (1983) false belief task. Although replicating Zaitchik's finding that false belief and photo task are of equal difficulty, this applied only to mean performance across subjects and no substantial correlation between the two tasks was found. This suggests that the two tasks tap different intellectual abilities. It was further discovered that children's performance can be improved by drawing their attention to the back (...)
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  37. Robert Stainton (2007). Pragmatic Abilities in Autism Spectrum Disorder : A Case Study in Philosophy and the Empirical. In Peter A. French & Howard K. Wettstein (eds.), Philosophy and the Empirical. Blackwell Pub. Inc.. 292-317.score: 30.0
    This article has two aims. The first is to introduce some novel data that highlight rather surprising pragmatic abilities in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The second is to consider a possible implication of these data for an emerging empirical methodology in philosophy of language and mind.
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  38. Robert J. Myers (1997). Hans Morgenthau's Realism and American Foreign Policy. Ethics and International Affairs 11 (1):253–270.score: 30.0
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  39. Gerald E. Myers (1990). James and Freud. Journal of Philosophy 87 (11):593-599.score: 30.0
  40. Kate Myers (2005). Teachers Behaving Badly?: Dilemmas for School Leaders. Routledgefalmer.score: 30.0
    Teachers Behaving Badly? is concerned about sexual behaviour that may occur between adults working in and connected to the school, and teacher/older pupil relations, initiated by both parties. Leaders faced with trying to sort out these issues find that they are not always clear-cut. Often there are no easy resolutions and the consequences may be potentially explosive for the individuals concerned, for the school, and for the community.
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  41. Robert J. Stainton (1997). Utterance Meaning and Syntactic Ellipsis. Pragmatics and Cognition 5 (1):51-78.score: 30.0
  42. Greg Myers (1988). Every Picture Tells a Story: Illustrations in E.O. Wilson's Sociobiology. [REVIEW] Human Studies 11 (2-3):235 - 269.score: 30.0
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  43. R. H. Myers (1999). The Inescapability of Moral Reasons. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59 (2):281-307.score: 30.0
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  44. Gerald E. Myers (1986). Introspection and Self-Knowledge. American Philosophical Quarterly 23 (April):199-207.score: 30.0
    Since locke, introspection has been generally defined as a form of observation. this is true, for example, of the classical tradition in psychology exemplified by wundt and titchener. recent experimental work by cognitive psychologists continues to treat introspection as a mode of observation while denying its alleged success in identifying cognitive processes. besides psychologists, philosophers such as james, ryle, and quinton are discussed, and they, too, define introspection as a type of observation analogous to perception. the present article calls attention (...)
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  45. Robert J. Stainton & Catherine Wearing (2006). Review of Insensitive Semantics, by Herman Cappelen & Ernie Lepore. [REVIEW] Journal of Linguistics 42 (1):187-190.score: 30.0
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  46. Robert J. Stainton, The Role of Psychology in the Philosophy of Language.score: 30.0
    Does scientific psychology have a legitimate role to play in the philosophy of language? For example, is it methodologically permissible for philosophers of language to rely upon evidence from neurological development, experiments about processing, brain scans, clinical case histories, longitudinal studies, questionnaires, etc.? If so, why? These two questions are the focus of this survey. I address them in two stages. It may seem obvious that the science of psychology is relevant. I thus begin by introducing arguments against relevance, to (...)
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  47. Robert J. Stainton (2006). Terminological Reflections of an Enlightened Contextualist. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 73 (2):460–468.score: 30.0
    From the perspective of certain contextualists, the most worrisome theses of Cappelen & Lepore’s Insensitive Semantics would seem to be: T1: The only context sensitive items are the basic and obvious ones, i.e., pronouns, demonstratives, etc.; T2: Once referents are assigned to these basic and obvious items in a (declarative) sentence, that sentence has truth conditions; T3: This truth-conditional content is asserted when the sentence is used; T4: The content of the assertion made is not thereby fixed, however, because speech (...)
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  48. Werner Menski, Carl Olson, William Cenkner, Anne E. Monius, Sarah Hodges, Jeffrey J. Kripal, Carol Salomon, Deepak Sarma, William Cenkner, John E. Cort, Peter A. Huff, Joseph A. Bracken, Larry D. Shinn, Jonathan S. Walters, Ellison Banks Findly, John Grimes, Loriliai Biernacki, David L. Gosling, Thomas Forsthoefel, Michael H. Fisher, Ian Barrow, Srimati Basu, Natalie Gummer, Pradip Bhattacharya, John Grimes, Heather T. Frazer, Elaine Craddock, Andrea Pinkney, Joseph Schaller, Michael W. Myers, Lise F. Vail, Wayne Howard, Bradley B. Burroughs, Shalva Weil, Joseph A. Bracken, Christopher W. Gowans, Dan Cozort, Katherine Janiec Jones, Carl Olson, M. D. McLean, A. Whitney Sanford, Sarah Lamb, Eliza F. Kent, Ashley Dawson, Amir Hussain, John Powers, Jennifer B. Saunders & Ramdas Lamb (2005). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] International Journal of Hindu Studies 9 (1-3):153-228.score: 30.0
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