Search results for 'Elsie Myers Stainton' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  6
    Jessica de Villiers, Brooke Myers & Robert J. Stainton (2013). Revisiting Pragmatic Abilities in Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Follow-Up Study with Controls. Pragmatics and Cognition 21 (2):253-269.
    In a 2007 paper, we argued that speakers with Autism Spectrum Disorders exhibit pragmatic abilities which are surprising given the usual understanding of communication in that group. That is, it is commonly reported that people diagnosed with an ASD have trouble with metaphor, irony, conversational implicature and other non-literal language. This is not a matter of trouble with knowledge and application of rules of grammar. The difficulties lie, rather, in successful communicative interaction. Though we did find pragmatic errors within literal (...)
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  2. Jessica de Villiers, Brooke Myers & Robert J. Stainton (2013). Revisiting Pragmatic Abilities in Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Follow-Up Study with Controls. Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 21 (2):253-269.
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  3.  10
    Elsie Myers Stainton (1972). E. A. Burtt: Bibliography. Philosophy East and West 22 (4):461-465.
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  4. Charles Samuel Myers & Albert Leffingwell (1907). The Vivisection Problem, a Controversy Between C.S. Myers and A. Leffingwell.
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  5.  22
    Robert Stainton (2006). Words and Thoughts: Subsentences, Ellipsis, and the Philosophy of Language. Published in the United States by Oxford University Press.
    It is a near truism of philosophy of language that sentences are prior to words--that they are the only things that fundamentally have meaning. Robert's Stainton's study interrogates this idea, drawing on a wide body of evidence to argue that speakers can and do use mere words, not sentences, to communicate complex thoughts.
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  6. Robert J. Myers (1996). Notes on the Just War Theory: Whose Justice, Which Wars? Ethics and International Affairs 10 (1):115–130.
    Dr. Myers challenges the legitimacy of the traditional concept of the "just war," revived during the Vietnam War and with the publication of Michael Walzer's Just and Unjust Wars in 1977.
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  7.  29
    Robert J. Myers (1997). Hans Morgenthau's Realism and American Foreign Policy. Ethics and International Affairs 11 (1):253–270.
    Analyzing Morgenthau's Politics Among Nations, Myers provides a point-by-point discussion of his theory, concluding that the relevance of realism will be seen particularly in the search for a new balance of power in the post-Cold War world.
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  8. Tony Myers (2003). Slavoj Žižek. Routledge.
    Slavoj Zizek is no ordinary philosopher. Approaching critical theory and psychoanalysis in a recklessly entertaining fashion, Zizek's critical eye alights upon a bewildering and exhilarating range of subjects, from the political apathy of contemporary life, to a joke about the man who thinks he's a chicken, from the ethicial heroism of Keanu Reeves in speed , to what toilet designs reveal about the national psyche. Tony Myers provides a clear and engaging guide to Zizek's key ideas, explaining the main (...)
     
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  9.  2
    Robert J. Myers (1989). The Carnegie Poll on Values in American Foreign Policy. Ethics and International Affairs 3 (1):297–301.
    In a brief summary of a poll conducted by the Carnegie Council, Myers outlines the American public's views on issues ranging from foreign policy/peace issues to economic security, defense, and human rights.
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  10.  72
    Robert J. Stainton & Samantha Brennan (2009). Philosophy and Death: Introductory Readings. Broadview Press.
    Philosophical reflection on death dates back to ancient times, but death remains a most profound and puzzling topic. Samantha Brennan and Robert Stainton have assembled a compelling selection of core readings from the philosophical literature on death. The views of ancient writers such as Plato, Epicurus, and Lucretius are set alongside the work of contemporary figures such as Thomas Nagel, John Perry, and Judith Jarvis Thomson. -/- Brennan and Stainton divide the anthology into three parts. Part I considers (...)
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  11. Robert H. Myers & Claudine Verheggen (2015). Donald Davidson’s Triangulation Argument: A Philosophical Inquiry. Routledge.
    According to many commentators, Davidson’s earlier work on philosophy of action and truth-theoretic semantics is the basis for his reputation, and his later forays, first into the theory of interpretation, and ultimately into what became known as the triangulation argument, are much less successful. This book by two of his former students aims to change that perception. In Part One, Verheggen begins by providing an explanation and defense of the triangulation argument, then explores its implications for questions about the social (...)
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  12. Robert H. Myers & Claudine Verheggen (2016). Donald Davidson’s Triangulation Argument: A Philosophical Inquiry. Routledge.
    According to many commentators, Davidson’s earlier work on philosophy of action and truth-theoretic semantics is the basis for his reputation, and his later forays, first into the theory of interpretation, and ultimately into what became known as the triangulation argument, are much less successful. This book by two of his former students aims to change that perception. In Part One, Verheggen begins by providing an explanation and defense of the triangulation argument, then explores its implications for questions about the social (...)
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  13. David N. Myers (2009). Resisting History: Historicism and its Discontents in German-Jewish Thought. Princeton University Press.
    Nineteenth-century European thought, especially in Germany, was increasingly dominated by a new historicist impulse to situate every event, person, or text in its particular context. At odds with the transcendent claims of philosophy and--more significantly--theology, historicism came to be attacked by its critics for reducing human experience to a series of disconnected moments, each of which was the product of decidedly mundane, rather than sacred, origins. By the late nineteenth century and into the Weimar period, historicism was seen by many (...)
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  14.  10
    Robert H. Myers (1999). Self-Governance and Cooperation. Oxford University Press.
    Robert Myers presents an original moral theory which charts a course between the extremes of consequentialism and contractualism. He puts forward a radically new case for the existence of both agent-neutral and agent-relative values, and gives an innovative answer to the question how such disparate values can be weighed against each other. The result is a theory of morality which combines a balanced account of its content with a ringing affirmation of its authority.
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  15. Robert H. Myers (2003). Self-Governance and Cooperation. OUP Oxford.
    Robert Myers presents an original moral theory which charts a course between the extremes of consequentialism and contractualism, portraying morality not simply as a matter of promoting the overall good but rather as a matter of cooperating in its promotion. This gives him answers to two of the most vexing questions in moral philosophy: how can increasing general welfare and respecting individual rights be equally fundamental features of moral activity, and what gives morality's demands their special character of inescapability?
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  16. Robert H. Myers (2003). Self-Governance & Cooperation. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 66 (2):498-501.
    Robert Myers presents an original moral theory which charts a course between the extremes of consequentialism and contractualism, portraying morality not simply as a matter of promoting the overall good but rather as a matter of cooperating in its promotion. This gives him answers to two of the most vexing questions in moral philosophy: how can increasing general welfare and respecting individual rights be equally fundamental features of moral activity, and what gives morality's demands their special character of inescapability?
     
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  17. Robert J. Myers (1988). The End of the Hermit Kingdom. Ethics and International Affairs 2 (1):99–114.
    The election of Roh Tae Woo marked the beginning of a new stage in Korean politics: "the period of Korean-style democracy." Myers follows events leading up to this change and predicts a less threatening, less Confucian politics for the Korea of the future.
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  18. Ella Myers (2013). Worldly Ethics: Democratic Politics and Care for the World. Duke University Press Books.
    What is the spirit that animates collective action? What is the ethos of democracy? _Worldly Ethics _offers a powerful and original response to these questions, arguing that associative democratic politics, in which citizens join together and struggle to shape shared conditions, requires a world-centered ethos. This distinctive ethos, Ella Myers shows, involves care for "worldly things," which are the common and contentious objects of concern around which democratic actors mobilize. In articulating the meaning of worldly ethics, she reveals the (...)
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  19. Robert Stainton (2006). Words and Thoughts: Subsentences, Ellipsis, and the Philosophy of Language. Oxford University Press Uk.
    It is a near truism of philosophy of language that sentences are prior to words---that they are the only things that fundamentally have meaning. Robert's Stainton's study interrogates this idea, drawing on a wide body of evidence to argue that speakers can and do use mere words, not sentences, to communicate complex thoughts.
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  20.  18
    Ellen Fox, Sarah Myers & Robert A. Pearlman (2007). Ethics Consultation in United States Hospitals: A National Survey. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (2):13 – 25.
    Context: Although ethics consultation is commonplace in United States (U.S.) hospitals, descriptive data about this health service are lacking. Objective: To describe the prevalence, practitioners, and processes of ethics consultation in U.S. hospitals. Design: A 56-item phone or questionnaire survey of the "best informant" within each hospital. Participants: Random sample of 600 U.S. general hospitals, stratified by bed size. Results: The response rate was 87.4%. Ethics consultation services (ECSs) were found in 81% of all general hospitals in the U.S., and (...)
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  21.  14
    S. Vyakarnam, Andrew R. Bailey, A. Myers & D. Burnett (1997). Towards an Understanding of Ethical Behaviour in Small Firms. Journal of Business Ethics 16 (15):1625-1636.
    Allthough small business accounts for over 90% of businesses in U.K. and indeed elsewhere, they remain the largely uncharted area of ethics. There has not been any research based on the perspective of small business owners, to define what echical delemmas they face and how, if at all, they resolve them. This paper explores ethics from the perspective of small business owner, using focus groups and reports on four clearly identifiable themes of ethical delemmas; entrepreneurial activity itself, conflicts of personal (...)
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  22.  17
    Robert Kurzban, Angela Duckworth, Joseph W. Kable & Justus Myers (2013). An Opportunity Cost Model of Subjective Effort and Task Performance. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (6):661-679.
    Why does performing certain tasks cause the aversive experience of mental effort and concomitant deterioration in task performance? One explanation posits a physical resource that is depleted over time. We propose an alternative explanation that centers on mental representations of the costs and benefits associated with task performance. Specifically, certain computational mechanisms, especially those associated with executive function, can be deployed for only a limited number of simultaneous tasks at any given moment. Consequently, the deployment of these computational mechanisms carries (...)
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  23. Robert A. Cummins, G. C. Myers, E. L. Cornell, A. I. Gates & A. T. Poffenberger (1918). New York Branch of the American Psychological Association. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 15 (5):130-134.
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  24. William T. Myers (2001). Moral Progress: A Process Critique of MacIntyre (Review). Journal of Speculative Philosophy 15 (3):253-256.
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  25.  45
    Maite Ezcurdia & Robert J. Stainton (eds.) (2013). The Semantics-Pragmatics Boundary in Philosophy. Broadview Press.
    The boundary between semantics and pragmatics has been important since the early twentieth century, but in the last twenty-five years it has become the central issue in the philosophy of language. This anthology collects classic philosophical papers on the topic, along with recent key contributions. It stresses not only the nature of the boundary, but also its importance for philosophy generally.
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  26.  76
    E. G. Lanuza & R. Myers (1971). Pharisaism and Values in Art. Diogenes 19 (76):26-45.
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  27.  88
    Robert Stainton (2010). Contextualism in Epistemology and the Context-Sensitivity of 'Knows'. In Campbell, O'Rourke & Silverstein (eds.), Knowledge and Skepticism.
    The central issue of this essay is whether contextualism in epistemology is genuinely in conflict with recent claims that ‘know’ is not in fact a contextsensitive word. To address this question, I will first rehearse three key aims of contextualists and the broad strategy they adopt for achieving them. I then introduce two linguistic arguments to the effect that the lexical item ‘know’ is not context sensitive, one from Herman Cappelen and Ernie Lepore, one from Jason Stanley. I find these (...)
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  28.  50
    Max A. Myers (forthcoming). Book Review: Jesus Against Christianity: Reclaiming the Missing Jesus. [REVIEW] Interpretation 56 (3):334-334.
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  29.  84
    Raphael Bousso, Oliver DeWolfe & Robert C. Myers (2003). Unbounded Entropy in Spacetimes with Positive Cosmological Constant. Foundations of Physics 33 (2):297-321.
    In theories of gravity with a positive cosmological constant, we consider product solutions with flux, of the form (A)dS p ×S q . Most solutions are shown to be perturbatively unstable, including all uncharged dS p ×S q spacetimes. For dimensions greater than four, the stable class includes universes whose entropy exceeds that of de Sitter space, in violation of the conjectured “N-bound.” Hence, if quantum gravity theories with finite-dimensional Hilbert space exist, the specification of a positive cosmological constant will (...)
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  30. R. Elugardo & R. J. Stainton (2002). Unshadowed Thought: Representations in Thought and Language. Philosophical Review 111 (3):470-473.
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  31. Michael W. Myers (1998). Śaṅkarācārya and Ānanda. Philosophy East and West 48 (4):553-567.
    This essay defends the view of G. C. Pande that, contrary to received opinion, "ānanda" (bliss, felicity) is accepted by Śaṅkara (ca. 788-820) as a feature of Brahman consistent with and parallel to sat (being) and cit (consciousness). It also includes a counterargument by B. N. K. Sharma, and in conclusion offers a reasoned judgment of the arguments of Śaṅkara and these two contemporary philosophers.
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  32. J. C., C. S. Myers, Helen Wodehouse, J. W. Scott, John Edgar & B. A. (1910). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 19 (73):125-136.
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  33. Charles M. Myers (1962). Perceptual Events, States, and Processes. Philosophy of Science 29 (July):285-291.
    The notion that there is a category mistake or some other conceptual confusion in regarding seeing, hearing, and other forms of perception as events, states, or processes is incorrect. Ryle's analysis of "seeing" as an achievement word does not rule out our regarding seeing as an event, but in fact suggests that we do so when we carry the analysis beyond the point where Ryle leaves it. Furthermore there are uses of "see" not noticed by Ryle which justify our saying (...)
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  34.  16
    Naomi H. Feldman, Emily B. Myers, Katherine S. White, Thomas L. Griffiths & James L. Morgan (2013). Word-Level Information Influences Phonetic Learning in Adults and Infants. Cognition 127 (3):427-438.
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  35. Charles S. Myers (1906). The Vivisection Problem: A Personal Explanation. International Journal of Ethics 16 (2):235.
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  36. Charles S. Myers (1900). Vitalism: A Brief Historical and Critical Review. Mind 9 (34):218-233.
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  37.  64
    Jessica de Villiers, Robert J. Stainton & And Peter Szatmari (2007). Pragmatic Abilities in Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Case Study in Philosophy and the Empirical. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 31 (1):292–317.
    This article has two aims. The first is to introduce some novel data that highlight rather surprising pragmatic abilities in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The second is to consider a possible implication of these data for an emerging empirical methodology in philosophy of language and mind. In pursuing the first aim, we expect our main audience to be clinicians and linguists interested in pragmatics. It is when we turn to methodological issues that we hope to pique the interest of philosophers. (...)
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  38. Charles S. Myers (1901). Experimentation on Emotion. Mind 10 (37):114-115.
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  39. Gerald E. Myers (1963). Perception and the Sentience Hypothesis. Mind 72 (January):111-120.
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  40.  1
    Nazanin Derakshan, Michael W. Eysenck & Lynn B. Myers (2007). Emotional Information Processing in Repressors: The Vigilance–Avoidance Theory. Cognition and Emotion 21 (8):1585-1614.
  41.  56
    Robert J. Stainton (2011). In Defense of Public Languages. Linguistics and Philosophy 34 (5):479-488.
    My modest aim in this note is to sketch three interrelated critiques of public languages, and to respond to them. All are broadly Chomskyan, and all support the same conclusion: that, insofar as they even exist, the study of public languages is not a viable scientific project. (Related critiques of semantics, understood as involving word–world relations, will be touched on as well).
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  42. Frederic W. H. Myers (1893). Professor Wundt on Hypnotism and Suggestion. Mind 2 (5):95-101.
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  43.  42
    Robert J. Stainton & Christopher D. Viger (2000). Review of Jerry A. Fodor's Concepts: Where Cognitive Science Went Wrong. [REVIEW] Synthese 123 (1):131-151.
  44.  7
    Robert J. Stainton (2015). A Deranged Argument Against Public Languages. Inquiry 59 (1):6-32.
    Are there really such things as public languages? Are things like English and Urdu mere myths? I urge that, despite an intriguing line of thought which may be extracted from Davidson’s ‘A Nice Derangement of Epitaphs’, philosophers are right to countenance such things in their final ontology. The argument rebutted, which I concede may not have been one which Davidson himself ultimately embraced, is that knowledge of a public language is neither necessary nor sufficient for successful conversational interaction, so that (...)
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  45. David Myers (2003). The Social Psychology of Sustainability. World Futures 59 (3 & 4):201 – 211.
    The earth cannot support humanity's increasing population and consumption. Concerned scientists and citizens are therefore wondering how we might work toward a sustainable, survivable human future. Sustainability involves increased technological efficiency and agricultural productivity, but also incentives and attitudes that moderate consumption. Social psychology contributes to changing attitudes and behavior with evidence that a) materialism exacts psychic as well as environmental costs, and b) economic growth has failed to improve human morale. Two principles-the adaptation level phenomenon and social comparison-help explain (...)
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  46.  4
    Alex Myers (2015). Neonatal Male Circumcision, If Not Already Commonplace, Would Be Plainly Unacceptable by Modern Ethical Standards. American Journal of Bioethics 15 (2):54-55.
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  47.  48
    Robert Stainton (2007). Pragmatic Abilities in Autism Spectrum Disorder : A Case Study in Philosophy and the Empirical. In Peter A. French & Howard K. Wettstein (eds.), Philosophy and the Empirical. Blackwell Pub. Inc. 292-317.
    This article has two aims. The first is to introduce some novel data that highlight rather surprising pragmatic abilities in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The second is to consider a possible implication of these data for an emerging empirical methodology in philosophy of language and mind.
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  48.  26
    Robert J. Stainton (2006). Meaning and Reference: Some Chomskian Themes. In Ernest Lepore & Barry C. Smith (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Language. Oxford University Press 913--940.
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  49.  57
    Jessica de Villiers & Robert J. Stainton, Differential Pragmatic Abilities and Autism Spectrum Disorders: The Case of Pragmatic Determinants of Literal Content.
    It has become something of a truism that people with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) have difficulties with pragmatics. Granting this, however, it is important to keep in mind that there are numerous kinds of pragmatic ability. One very important divide lies between those pragmatic competences which pertain to non-literal contents – as in, for instance, metaphor, irony and Gricean conversational implicatures – and those which pertain to the literal contents of speech acts. It is against this backdrop that our question (...)
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  50.  17
    Andrew B. Myers (1954). The New England Mind. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 29 (3):454-455.
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