Search results for 'Emanuel Adler' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Emanuel Adler (2005). Communitarian International Relations: The Epistemic Foundations of International Relations. Routledge.score: 270.0
    In Emanuel Adler's distinctive constructivist approach to international relations theory, international practices evolve in tandem with collective knowledge of the material and social worlds. This book - comprising a selection of his journal publications, a new introduction and three previously unpublished articles - points IR constructivism in a novel direction, characterized as 'communitarian'. Adler's synthesis does not herald the end of the nation-state; nor does it suggest that agency is unimportant in international life. Rather, it argues that (...)
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  2. Emanuel Adler & Michael N. Barnett (1996). Governing Anarchy: A Research Agenda for the Study of Security Communities. Ethics and International Affairs 10 (1):63–98.score: 120.0
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  3. Mortimer Jerome Adler (1977). A Conversation with Mortimer J. Adler, the Designer of the Syntopicon Talks. [N.P.]Center for Cassette Studies.score: 120.0
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  4. Ezekiel J. Emanuel (forthcoming). Linda L. Emanuel and Ezekiel J. Emanuel. Contemporary Issues in Bioethics.score: 120.0
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  5. J. Adler (2002). Belief's Own Ethics. MIT Press.score: 60.0
    In this book Jonathan Adler offers a strengthened version of evidentialism, arguing that the ethics of belief should be rooted in the concept of belief--that...
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  6. J. E. Adler (2012). Pragmatic Encroachment, Methods and Contextualism. Analysis 72 (3):526-534.score: 60.0
    Defence of conditions to withdraw an assertion that require evidence or epistemic reasons that the assertion is not true or warranted. (Adler, J. 2006. Withdrawal and contextualism. Analysis 66: 280–85) The defence replies to the claim that better methods justify withdrawal without meeting that requirement and without pragmatic encroachment.
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  7. Matthew D. Adler & Eric A. Posner (eds.) (2001). Cost-Benefit Analysis: Legal, Economic, and Philosophical Perspectives. University of Chicago Press.score: 60.0
    Cost-benefit analysis is a widely used governmental evaluation tool, though academics remain skeptical. This volume gathers prominent contributors from law, economics, and philosophy for discussion of cost-benefit analysis, specifically its moral foundations, applications and limitations. This new scholarly debate includes not only economists, but also contributors from philosophy, cognitive psychology, legal studies, and public policy who can further illuminate the justification and moral implications of this method and specify alternative measures. These articles originally appeared in the Journal of Legal Studies. (...)
     
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  8. Mortimer Jerome Adler (1967/1993). The Difference of Man and the Difference It Makes. Fordham University Press.score: 60.0
    In this classic work, Adler explores how man differs from all other things in the universe, bringing to bear both philosophical insight and informed scientific hypotheses concerning the biological and behavioral characteristics of mainkind. Rapid advances in science and technology and the abstract concepts of that influence on man and human value systems are lucidly outlined by Adler, as he touches on the effect of industrialization, and the clash of cultures and value systems brought about by increased communication (...)
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  9. Mortimer Jerome Adler (1970/1996). The Time of Our Lives: The Ethics of Common Sense. Fordham University Press.score: 60.0
    Is it a good time to be alive? Is ours a good society to be alive in? Is it possible to have a good life in our time? And finally, does a good life consist of having a good time? Are happiness and “a good life” interchangeable? These are the questions that Mortimer Adler addresses himself to. The heart of the book lies in its conception of the good life for man, which provides the standard for measuring a century, (...)
     
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  10. Ezekiel J. Emanuel (1999). What is the Great Benefit of Legalizing Euthanasia or Physican‐Assisted Suicide? Ethics 109 (3):629-642.score: 30.0
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  11. Jonathan E. Adler (1997). Lying, Deceiving, or Falsely Implicating. Journal of Philosophy 94 (9):435-452.score: 30.0
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  12. Jonathan E. Adler (2009). Another Argument for the Knowledge Norm. Analysis 69 (3):407-411.score: 30.0
  13. Jonathan E. Adler (1999). The Ethics of Belief: Off the Wrong Track. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 23 (1):267–285.score: 30.0
  14. Jonathan E. Adler (1994). Testimony, Trust, Knowing. Journal of Philosophy 91 (5):264-275.score: 30.0
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  15. Jonathan Adler, Epistemological Problems of Testimony. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 30.0
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  16. Jonathan E. Adler (2002). Akratic Believing? Philosophical Studies 110 (1):1 - 27.score: 30.0
    Davidson's account of weakness of will depends upon a parallel that he draws between practical and theoretical reasoning. I argue that the parallel generates a misleading picture of theoretical reasoning. Once the misleading picture is corrected, I conclude that the attempt to model akratic belief on Davidson's account of akratic action cannot work. The arguments that deny the possibility of akratic belief also undermine, more generally, various attempts to assimilate theoretical to practical reasoning.
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  17. Jonathan H. Adler (2009). Taking Property Rights Seriously: The Case of Climate Change. Social Philosophy and Policy 26 (2):296-316.score: 30.0
    The dominant approach to environmental policy endorsed by conservative and libertarian policy thinkers, so-called (FME), is grounded in the recognition and protection of property rights in environmental resources. Despite this normative commitment to property rights, most self-described FME advocates adopt a utilitarian, welfare-maximization approach to climate change policy, arguing that the costs of mitigation measures could outweigh the costs of climate change itself. Yet even if anthropogenic climate change is decidedly less than catastrophic, human-induced climate change is likely to contribute (...)
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  18. Robert S. Adler & William J. Bigoness (1992). Contemporary Ethical Issues in Labor-Management Relations. Journal of Business Ethics 11 (5-6):351-360.score: 30.0
    Numerous labor-management issues possess ethical dimensions and pose ethical questions. In this article, the authors discuss four labor-management issues that present important contemporary problems: union organizing, labor-management negotiations, employee involvement programs, and union obligations of fair representation. In the authors view, labor and management too often view their ethical obligations as beginning and ending at the law''s boundaries. Contemporary business realities suggest that cooperative and enlightened modes of interaction between labor and management seem appropriate.
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  19. Jonathan Eric Adler & Lance J. Rips (eds.) (2008). Reasoning: Studies of Human Inference and its Foundations. Cambridge University Press.score: 30.0
    This interdisciplinary work is a collection of major essays on reasoning: deductive, inductive, abductive, belief revision, defeasible (non-monotonic), cross cultural, conversational, and argumentative. They are each oriented toward contemporary empirical studies. The book focuses on foundational issues, including paradoxes, fallacies, and debates about the nature of rationality, the traditional modes of reasoning, as well as counterfactual and causal reasoning. It also includes chapters on the interface between reasoning and other forms of thought. In general, this last set of essays represents (...)
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  20. Stephen L. Adler (2003). Why Decoherence has Not Solved the Measurement Problem: A Response to P.W. Anderson. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 34 (1):135-142.score: 30.0
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  21. Ezekiel J. Emanuel (2008). The Problem with Single-Payer Plans. Hastings Center Report 38 (1):38-41.score: 30.0
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  22. Anthony Curtis Adler (2007). The Practical Absolute: Fichte's Hidden Poetics. [REVIEW] Continental Philosophy Review 40 (4):407-433.score: 30.0
    The following paper argues that J.G. Fichte, despite his apparent philosophical neglect of art and aesthetics, does develop a strong, original, and coherent account of art, which not only allows the theorization of modern, non-representative art forms, but indeed anticipates Nietzsche and Heidegger in conceiving of truth in terms of art rather than scientific rationality. While the basis of Fichte’s philosophy of art is presented in the essay “On Spirit and Letter in Philosophy,” it is not developed systematically either in (...)
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  23. Matthew Adler, The Pigou-Dalton Principle and the Structure of Distributive Justice.score: 30.0
    The Pigou-Dalton (PD) principle recommends a non-leaky, non-rank-switching transfer of goods from someone with more goods to someone with less. This Article defends the PD principle as an aspect of distributive justice—enabling the comparison of two distributions, neither completely equal, as more or less just. It shows how the PD principle flows from a particular view, adumbrated by Thomas Nagel, about the grounding of distributive justice in individuals’ “claims.” And it criticizes two competing frameworks for thinking about justice that less (...)
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  24. Jonathan E. Adler (2005). Reliabilist Justification (or Knowledge) as a Good Truth-Ratio. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 86 (4):445–458.score: 30.0
    Fair lotteries offer familiar ways to pose a number of epistemological problems, prominently those of closure and of scepticism. Although these problems apply to many epistemological positions, in this paper I develop a variant of a lottery case to raise a difficulty with the reliabilist's fundamental claim that justification or knowledge is to be analyzed as a high truth-ratio (of the relevant belief-forming processes). In developing the difficulty broader issues are joined including fallibility and the relation of reliability to understanding.
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  25. Jonathan E. Adler (2009). Resisting the Force of Argument. Journal of Philosophy 106 (6):339-364.score: 30.0
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  26. Jonathan E. Adler (1975). Stove on Hume's Inductive Scepticism. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 53 (2):167 – 170.score: 30.0
  27. Jennifer Susan Hawkins & Ezekiel J. Emanuel (2005). Clarifying Confusions About Coercion. Hastings Center Report 35 (5):16-19.score: 30.0
    Commentators often claim that medical research subjects are coerced into participating in clinical studies. In recent years, such claims have appeared especially frequently in ethical discussions of research in developing countries. Medical research ethics is more important than ever as we move into the 21st century because worldwide the pharmaceutical industry has grown so much and shows no sign of slowing its growth. This means that more people are involved in medical research today than ever before, and in the future (...)
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  28. Jonathan E. Adler (2008). Conversation is the Folks' Epistemology. Philosophical Forum 39 (3):337-348.score: 30.0
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  29. Jonathan Adler (2007). Argumentation and Distortion. Episteme 4 (3):382-401.score: 30.0
    Why is there so much misrepresentation of arguments in public forums? Standard explanations, such as self-interested biases, are insufficient. An additional part of the explanation is our commitment to, or belief in, norms that disallow responses that amount to no firm judgment, as contrasted with definite agreement or disagreement. In disallowing no-firm-judgment responses, these norms deny not only degrees of support or dissent and a variety of ways of suspending judgment, but also indifference. Since these norms leave us with only (...)
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  30. Matthew D. Adler (2005). Cognitivism, Controversy, and Moral Heuristics. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (4):542-543.score: 30.0
    Sunstein aims to provide a nonsectarian account of moral heuristics, yet the account rests on a controversial meta-ethical view. Further, moral theorists who reject act consequentialism may deny that Sunstein's examples involve moral mistakes. But so what? Within a theory that counts consequences as a morally weighty feature of actions, the moral judgments that Sunstein points to are indeed mistaken, and the fact that governmental action at odds with these judgments will be controversial doesn't bar such action.
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  31. Matthew D. Adler, Social Facts, Constitutional Interpretation, and the Rule of Recognition.score: 30.0
    This chapter is an essay in a volume that examines constitutional law in the United States through the lens of H.L.A. Hart's "rule of recognition" model of a legal system. My chapter focuses on a feature of constitutional practice that has been rarely examined: how jurists and scholars argue about interpretive methods. Although a vast body of scholarship provides arguments for or against various interpretive methods -- such as textualism, originalism, "living constitutionalism," structure-and-relationship reasoning, representation reinforcement, minimalism, and so forth (...)
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  32. Jennifer S. Hawkins & Ezekiel J. Emanuel (2008). Exploitation and Developing Countries: The Ethics of Clinical Research. Princeton Univ Pr.score: 30.0
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  33. Jonathan Adler & Michael Levin (2002). Is the Generality Problem Too General? Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65 (1):87-97.score: 30.0
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  34. Jonathan E. Adler (2011). Review Essay: Bryan Frances, Scepticism Comes Alive. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 83 (2):506-520.score: 30.0
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  35. Jonathan E. Adler (2000). Three Fallacies. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):665-666.score: 30.0
    Three fallacies in the rationality debate obscure the possibility for reconciling the opposed camps. I focus on how these fallacies arise in the view that subjects interpret their task differently from the experimenters (owing to the influence of conversational expectations). The themes are: first, critical assessment must start from subjects' understanding; second, a modal fallacy; and third, fallacies of distribution.
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  36. Jonathan E. Adler (2005). William James and What Cannot Be Believed. The Harvard Review of Philosophy 13 (1):65-79.score: 30.0
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  37. Felix Adler (1902). A Critique of Kant's Ethics. Mind 11 (42):162-195.score: 30.0
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  38. Jonathan E. Adler (1989). Epistemics and the Total Evidence Requirement. Philosophia 19 (2-3):227-243.score: 30.0
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  39. Mark A. Levine, Matthew K. Wynia, Paul M. Schyve, J. Russell Teagarden, David A. Fleming, Sharon King Donohue, Ron J. Anderson, James Sabin & Ezekiel J. Emanuel (2007). Improving Access to Health Care: A Consensus Ethical Framework to Guide Proposals for Reform. Hastings Center Report 37 (5):14-19.score: 30.0
  40. Ori Lev, Franklin G. Miller & Ezekiel J. Emanuel (2010). The Ethics of Research on Enhancement Interventions. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 20 (2):101-113.score: 30.0
    Traditionally, biomedical research has been devoted to improvement in the understanding and treatment or prevention of disease. Building on the knowledge generated by the long history of disease-oriented research, the next few decades will witness an explosion of biomedical enhancements to make people faster, stronger, smarter, less forgetful, happier, prettier, and live longer (Turner et al. 2003; Vastag 2004; Rose 2002). As with other biomedical interventions, research to assess the safety and efficacy of these enhancements in humans should be conducted (...)
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  41. Jonathan E. Adler (2006). Withdrawal and Contextualism. Analysis 66 (4):280–285.score: 30.0
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  42. Jonathan E. Adler (1987). Relevant Alternatives, Presuppositions, and Skepticism. Journal of Philosophy 84 (11):653-654.score: 30.0
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  43. A. Mandava, C. Pace, B. Campbell, E. Emanuel & C. Grady (2012). The Quality of Informed Consent: Mapping the Landscape. A Review of Empirical Data From Developing and Developed Countries. Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (6):356-365.score: 30.0
    Objective Some researchers claim that the quality of informed consent of clinical research participants in developing countries is worse than in developed countries. To evaluate this assumption, we reviewed the available data on the quality of consent in both settings. Methods We conducted a comprehensive PubMed search, examined bibliographies and literature reviews, and consulted with international experts on informed consent in order to identify studies published from 1966 to 2010 that used quantitative methods, surveyed participants or parents of paediatric participants (...)
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  44. Ezekiel J. Emanuel (2008). What Are Bioethicists. Hastings Center Report 38 (2).score: 30.0
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  45. Matthew D. Adler, Bounded Rationality and Legal Scholarship.score: 30.0
    Decision theory seems to offer a very attractive normative framework for individual and social choice under uncertainty. The decisionmaker should think of her choice situation, at any given moment, in terms of a set of possible outcomes, that is, specifications of the possible consequences of choice, described in light of the decisionmaker's goals; a set of possible actions; and a "state set" consisting of possible prior "states of the world." It is this framework for choice which provides the foundation for (...)
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  46. Jonathan E. Adler (1987). Luckless Desert is Different Desert. Mind 96 (382):247-249.score: 30.0
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  47. Joseph A. Adler (2008). Zhu XI's Spiritual Practice as the Basis of His Central Philosophical Concepts. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 7 (1):57-79.score: 30.0
    The argument is that (1) the spiritual crisis that Zhu Xi discussed with Zhang Shi 張栻 (1133–1180) and the other “gentlemen of Hunan” from about 1167 to 1169, which was resolved by an understanding of what we might call the interpenetration of the mind’s stillness and activity (dong-jing 動靜) or equilibrium and harmony (zhong-he 中和), (2) led directly to his realization that Zhou Dunyi’s thought provided a cosmological basis for that resolution, and (3) this in turn led Zhu Xi to (...)
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  48. Govind C. Persad, Alan Wertheimer & Ezekiel J. Emanuel (2010). Standing by Our Principles: Meaningful Guidance, Moral Foundations, and Multi-Principle Methodology in Medical Scarcity. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (4):46 – 48.score: 30.0
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  49. Stephen L. Adler & Jeeva Anandan (1996). Nonadiabatic Geometric Phase in Quaternionic Hilbert Space. Foundations of Physics 26 (12):1579-1589.score: 30.0
    We develop the theory of the nonadiabatic geometric phase, in both the Abelian and non-Abelian cases, in quaternionic Hilbert space.
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  50. Jonathan E. Adler (2009). Review of Sanford C. Goldberg, Anti-Individualism: Mind and Language, Knowledge and Justification. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (1).score: 30.0
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