Search results for 'Emanuel Viebahn' (try it on Scholar)

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Profile: Emanuel Viebahn (Humboldt-University, Berlin)
  1.  56
    Emanuel Viebahn (2013). Counting Stages. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (2):311-324.
    This paper defends stage theory against the argument from diachronic counting. It argues that stage theorists can appeal to quantifier domain restriction in order to accommodate intuitions about diachronic counting sentences. Two approaches involving domain restriction are discussed. According to the first, domains of counting are usually restricted to stages at the time of utterance. This approach explains intuitions in many cases, but is theoretically costly and delivers wrong counts if diachronic counting is combined with fission or fusion. On the (...)
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  2. Emanuel Viebahn (2014). Against Context-Sensitivity Tests. Grazer Philosophische Studien 88:189-209.
    The aim of this paper is to show that tests for semantic context-sensitivity are of no help in the debate between semantic contextualists and minimalists. Two kinds of context-sensitivity tests are discussed: Cappelen & Lepore's says-that tests and Cappelen & Hawthorne's agreement-based tests. It is shown that Cappelen & Lepore's tests are unreliable because they are based on unstable data. Then it is argued that although the data of Cappelen & Hawthorne's tests is more reliable, contextualists and minimalists alike can (...)
     
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  3. Ezekiel J. Emanuel (forthcoming). Linda L. Emanuel and Ezekiel J. Emanuel. Contemporary Issues in Bioethics.
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  4. Govind Persad, Alan Wertheimer & Ezekiel J. Emanuel (2009). Principles for Allocation of Scarce Medical Interventions. The Lancet 373 (9661):423--431.
    Allocation of very scarce medical interventions such as organs and vaccines is a persistent ethical challenge. We evaluate eight simple allocation principles that can be classified into four categories: treating people equally, favouring the worst-off, maximising total benefits, and promoting and rewarding social usefulness. No single principle is sufficient to incorporate all morally relevant considerations and therefore individual principles must be combined into multiprinciple allocation systems. We evaluate three systems: the United Network for Organ Sharing points systems, quality-adjusted life-years, and (...)
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  5.  22
    Ezekiel J. Emanuel (ed.) (2008). The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics. Oxford University Press.
    Comprehensive in scope and research, this book will be a crucial resource for researchers in the medical sciences, as well as teachers and students alike.
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  6.  17
    Ezekiel J. Emanuel (2005). Undue Inducement: Nonsense on Stilts? American Journal of Bioethics 5 (5):9-13.
    1. The opinions expressed are the author's own. They do not reflect any position or policy of the National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service, Department of Health and Human Services, or any of the authors affiliated organizations.
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  7.  37
    Jennifer S. Hawkins & Ezekiel J. Emanuel (2008). Exploitation and Developing Countries: The Ethics of Clinical Research. Princeton Univ Pr.
    "--Daniel Wikler, Harvard School of Public Health "This book contributes significantly to the literature on exploitation in clinical research conducted in the developing world."--Patricia Marshall, Case Western Reserve University.
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  8. Ori Lev, Franklin G. Miller & Ezekiel J. Emanuel (2010). The Ethics of Research on Enhancement Interventions. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 20 (2):101-113.
    Traditionally, biomedical research has been devoted to improvement in the understanding and treatment or prevention of disease. Building on the knowledge generated by the long history of disease-oriented research, the next few decades will witness an explosion of biomedical enhancements to make people faster, stronger, smarter, less forgetful, happier, prettier, and live longer (Turner et al. 2003; Vastag 2004; Rose 2002). As with other biomedical interventions, research to assess the safety and efficacy of these enhancements in humans should be conducted (...)
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  9. Ezekiel J. Emanuel (ed.) (2003). Ethical and Regulatory Aspects of Clinical Research: Readings and Commentary. Johns Hopkins University Press.
    All investigators funded by the National Institutes of Health are now required to receive training about the ethics of clinical research. Based on a course taught by the editors at NIH, Ethical and Regulatory Aspects of Clinical Research is the first book designed to help investigators meet this new requirement. The book begins with the history of human subjects research and guidelines instituted since World War II. It then covers various stages and components of the clinical trial process: designing the (...)
     
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  10.  15
    Ezekiel J. Emanuel (2004). Ending Concerns About Undue Inducement. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 32 (1):100-105.
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  11.  28
    A. Mandava, C. Pace, B. Campbell, E. Emanuel & C. Grady (2012). The Quality of Informed Consent: Mapping the Landscape. A Review of Empirical Data From Developing and Developed Countries. Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (6):356-365.
    Objective Some researchers claim that the quality of informed consent of clinical research participants in developing countries is worse than in developed countries. To evaluate this assumption, we reviewed the available data on the quality of consent in both settings. Methods We conducted a comprehensive PubMed search, examined bibliographies and literature reviews, and consulted with international experts on informed consent in order to identify studies published from 1966 to 2010 that used quantitative methods, surveyed participants or parents of paediatric participants (...)
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  12.  10
    Charles Weijer & E. J. Emanuel, Protecting Communities in Biomedical Research.
    Although for the last 50 years, ethicists dealing with human experimentation have focused primarily on the need to protect individual research subjects and vulnerable groups, biomedical research, especially in genetics, now requires the establishment of standards for the protection of communities. We have developed such a strategy, based on five steps. (i) Identification of community characteristics relevant to the biomedical research setting, (ii) delineation of a typology of different types of communities using these characteristics, (iii) determination of the range of (...)
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  13.  4
    Ezekiel Emanuel & Franklin Miller (2007). Money and Distorted Ethical Judgments About Research: Ethical Assessment of the TeGenero TGN1412 Trial. [REVIEW] American Journal of Bioethics 7 (2):76-81.
    The recent TeGenero phase I trial of a novel monoclonal antibody in healthy volunteers produced a drastic inflammatory reaction in participants receiving the experimental agent. Commentators on the ethics of the research have focused considerable attention on the role of financial considerations: the for-profit status of the biotechnology company and Contract Research Organization responsible respectively for sponsoring and conducting the trial and the amount of monetary compensation to participants. We argue that these financial considerations are largely irrelevant and distort ethical (...)
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  14. Ezekiel J. Emanuel (1999). What is the Great Benefit of Legalizing Euthanasia or Physican‐Assisted Suicide? Ethics 109 (3):629-642.
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  15.  18
    Ezekiel J. Emanuel (1991). The Ends of Human Life: Medical Ethics in a Liberal Polity. Harvard University Press.
    INTRODUCTION The Questions of Medical Ethics Call him Andrew. His face is gaunt and unshaven but peaceful. His eyelids are gently closed. ...
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  16. D. Brock, E. J. Emanuel, C. Grady, R. Lie, F. Miller & D. Wendler (2008). Philosophical Justifications of Informed Consent in Research. In Ezekiel J. Emanuel (ed.), The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics. Oxford University Press
     
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  17. James Flory, David Wendler & Ezekiel Emanuel (2008). Empirical Issues in Informed Consent for Research. In Ezekiel J. Emanuel (ed.), The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics. Oxford University Press 645--60.
     
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  18.  57
    Jennifer Susan Hawkins & Ezekiel J. Emanuel (2005). Clarifying Confusions About Coercion. Hastings Center Report 35 (5):16-19.
    Commentators often claim that medical research subjects are coerced into participating in clinical studies. In recent years, such claims have appeared especially frequently in ethical discussions of research in developing countries. Medical research ethics is more important than ever as we move into the 21st century because worldwide the pharmaceutical industry has grown so much and shows no sign of slowing its growth. This means that more people are involved in medical research today than ever before, and in the future (...)
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  19.  92
    Tina Rulli, Ezekiel Emanuel & David Wendler (2012). The Moral Duty to Buy Health Insurance. Journal of the American Medical Association 308 (2):137-138.
    The 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act was designed to increase health insurance coverage in the United States. Its most controversial feature is the requirement that US residents purchase health insurance. Opponents of the mandate argue that requiring people to contribute to the collective good is inconsistent with respect for individual liberty. Rather than appeal to the collective good, this Viewpoint argues for a duty to buy health insurance based on the moral duty individuals have to reduce certain burdens (...)
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  20.  26
    Govind C. Persad, Linden Elder, Laura Sedig, Leonardo Flores & Ezekiel J. Emanuel (2008). The Current State of Medical School Education in Bioethics, Health Law, and Health Economics. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 36 (1):89-94.
    Current challenges in medical practice, research, and administration demand physicians who are familiar with bioethics, health law, and health economics. Curriculum directors at American Association of Medical Colleges-affiliated medical schools were sent confidential surveys requesting the number of required hours of the above subjects and the years in which they were taught, as well as instructor names. The number of relevant publications since 1990 for each named instructor was assessed by a PubMed search.In sum, teaching in all three subjects combined (...)
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  21.  32
    Ezekiel J. Emanuel (2008). What Are Bioethicists. Hastings Center Report 38 (2).
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  22. Judith Jarvis Thomson, Dan W. Brock, Paul J. Weithman, Gerald Dworkin, F. M. Kamm, J. David Velleman & Ezekiel J. Emanuel (1999). 10. Uma Narayan, Dislocating Cultures: Identities, Traditions, and Third World Feminism Uma Narayan, Dislocating Cultures: Identities, Traditions, and Third World Feminism (Pp. 668-671). [REVIEW] Ethics 109 (3).
     
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  23.  3
    Ezekiel J. Emanuel, David Wendler & C. Grady (2008). An Ethical Framework for Biomedical Research. In The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics. Oxford University Press 123--135.
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  24.  65
    Ezekiel J. Emanuel (2008). The Problem with Single-Payer Plans. Hastings Center Report 38 (1):38-41.
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  25.  3
    Linda L. Emanuel (2000). Ethics and the Structures of Healthcare. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 9 (2):151-168.
    Suppose a meeting had been called among chief medical officers, chief administrative officers, and other leaders from a range of health-related institutions in this country. The question posed for this meeting was simple but unusual: Arethestructuresofourorganizations,systems,andinstitutionsethical? Though it was a question reminiscent for a few of the focus some time before on whether the conduct of individuals in their organization was ethical, this question seemed more demanding. Is it reasonable to consider structures or arrangements as ethical or not; or in (...)
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  26.  14
    Seema Shah, Rebecca Wolitz & Ezekiel Emanuel (2013). Refocusing the Responsiveness Requirement. Bioethics 27 (3):151-159.
    Many guidelines for international research require that studies be responsive to host community health needs or health priorities. Although responsiveness possesses great intuitive and rhetorical appeal, existing conceptions are confusing and difficult to apply. Not only are there few examples of what research the responsiveness requirement permits and what it rejects, but its application can lead to contradictory results. Because of the practical difficulties in applying responsiveness and the danger that misapplying responsiveness could harm the interests of developing countries, we (...)
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  27.  81
    Govind C. Persad, Alan Wertheimer & Ezekiel J. Emanuel (2010). Standing by Our Principles: Meaningful Guidance, Moral Foundations, and Multi-Principle Methodology in Medical Scarcity. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (4):46 – 48.
  28. Leanne Stunkel, Meredith Benson, Louise McLellan, Ninet Sinaii, Gabriella Bedarida, Ezekiel Emanuel & Christine Grady (2010). Comprehension and Informed Consent: Assessing the Effect of a Short Consent Form. IRB: Ethics & Human Research 32 (4):1.
    The objective of this study—a substudy to a phase I bioequivalence study—was to compare the effect of standard and concise consent forms on research volunteers’ comprehension of and satisfaction with consent forms, as well as to assess the effect of select volunteer characteristics, such as financial motivations to participate in research, on their comprehension. A 36-item questionnaire measured volunteers’ comprehension, satisfaction, and motivations for participation. Volunteers were randomized to the standard Pfizer consent form or a concise, easier-to-read form. We approached (...)
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  29.  2
    Ezekiel J. Emanuel (2000). Justice and Managed Care: Four Principles for the Just Allocation of Health Care Resources. Hastings Center Report 30 (3):8-16.
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  30.  7
    Charles Weijer, Gary Goldsand & Ezekiel J. Emanuel, Protecting Communities in Research: Current Guidelines and Limits of Extrapolation.
    As genetic research increasingly focuses on communities, there have been calls for extending research protections to them. We critically examine guidelines developed to protect aboriginal communities and consider their applicability to other communities. These guidelines are based on a model of researcher-community partnership and span the phases of a research project, from protocol development to publication. The complete list of 23 protections may apply to those few non-aboriginal communities, such as the Amish, that are highly cohesive. Although some protections may (...)
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  31.  17
    Ezekiel J. Emanuel & Christine Grady (2006). Four Paradigms of Clinical Research and Research Oversight. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 16 (1):82-96.
    The understanding of appropriate ethical protections for participants of biomedical research has not been static. It has evolved over time, with the evolution of biomedical research as well as social values. Since World War II, there have been four major paradigms of research and research oversight operative in the United States. These paradigms incorporate different values and provide different approaches to research oversight and the protection of research participants.
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  32.  46
    Mark A. Levine, Matthew K. Wynia, Paul M. Schyve, J. Russell Teagarden, David A. Fleming, Sharon King Donohue, Ron J. Anderson, James Sabin & Ezekiel J. Emanuel (2007). Improving Access to Health Care: A Consensus Ethical Framework to Guide Proposals for Reform. Hastings Center Report 37 (5):14-19.
  33.  12
    Ezekiel J. Emanuel (forthcoming). Carl E. Schneider is the Chauncey. Hastings Center Report.
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  34.  4
    Samia A. Hurst, J. Russell Teagarden, Elizabeth Garrett & Ezekiel J. Emanuel (2004). Conserving Scarce Resources: Willingness of Health Insurance Enrollees to Choose Cheaper Options. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 32 (3):496-499.
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  35.  17
    Ezekiel J. Emanuel (1995). Empirical Studies on Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide. Journal of Clinical Ethics 6 (2):158-160.
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  36. Ezekiel J. Emanuel (2004). Ending Concerns About Undue Inducement. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (1):100-105.
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  37. L. Stunkel, M. Benson, L. McLellan, N. Sinaii, G. Bedarida & E. Emanuel (2010). Assessing the Effect of a Shorter Consent Form on Comprehension in Healthy Volunteers. IRB: Ethics & Human Research 32 (4):1-9.
     
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  38.  3
    Linda L. Emanuel (1995). Reexamining Death The Asymptotic Model and a Bounded Zone Definition. Hastings Center Report 25 (4):27-35.
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  39.  5
    David Wendler, Christine Pace, Ambrose O. Talisuna, Faustine Maiso, Christine Grady & Ezekiel Emanuel (2005). Research on Stored Biological Samples: The Views of Ugandans. IRB: Ethics & Human Research 27 (2).
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  40.  17
    Ezekiel J. Emanuel & Linda L. Emanuel (1990). Living Wills: Past, Present, and Future. Journal of Clinical Ethics 1 (1):9.
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  41. Ezekiel J. Emanuel (2008). The Evolving Norms of Medical Ethics. In Ronald Michael Green, Aine Donovan & Steven A. Jauss (eds.), Global Bioethics: Issues of Conscience for the Twenty-First Century. Oxford University Press
     
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  42.  3
    Ezekiel J. Emanuel (1995). The Beinning of the End of Principlism. Hastings Center Report 25 (4):37-38.
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  43.  1
    Ezekiel J. Emanuel (1995). Medical Ethics in the Era of Managed Care: The Need for Institutional Structures Instead of Principles for Individual Cases. Journal of Clinical Ethics 6 (4):335.
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  44.  1
    Linda Emanuel (1991). PSDA in the Clinic. Hastings Center Report 21 (5):6-7.
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  45.  1
    Lindsay Sabik, Christine A. Pace, Heidi P. Forster-Gertner, David Wendler, Judith D. Bebchuk, Jorge A. Tavel, Laura A. McNay, Jack Killen, Ezekiel J. Emanuel & Christine Grady (2004). Informed Consent: Practices and Views of Investigators in a Multinational Clinical Trial. IRB: Ethics & Human Research 27 (5):13-18.
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  46.  4
    Linda L. Emanuel (1995). Structured Deliberation to Improve Decisionmaking for the Seriously Ill. Hastings Center Report 25 (6):14-18.
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  47.  5
    Ezekiel J. Emanuel (1996). Where Civic Republicanism and Deliberative Democracy Meet. Hastings Center Report 26 (6):12-14.
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  48.  2
    Linda L. Emanuel & Ezekiel J. Emanuel (1993). Decisions at the End of Life. Hastings Center Report 23 (5):6-14.
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  49. Samia A. Hurst, J. Russell Teagarden, Elizabeth Garrett & Ezekiel J. Emanuel (2004). Conserving Scarce Resources: Willingness of Health Insurance Enrollees to Choose Cheaper Options. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (3):496-499.
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  50. Ezekiel J. Emanuel (1987). A Communal Vision of Care for Incompetent Patients. Hastings Center Report 17 (5):15-20.
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