We report the results of a cross-cultural investigation of person-body reasoning in the United Kingdom and northern Brazilian Amazon (Marajó Island). The study provides evidence that directly bears upon divergent theoretical claims in cognitive psychology and anthropology, respectively, on the cognitive origins and cross-cultural incidence of mind-body dualism. In a novel reasoning task, we found that participants across the two sample populations parsed a wide range of capacities similarly in terms of the capacities’ perceived anchoring to bodily function. Patterns of (...) reasoning concerning the respective roles of physical and biological properties in sustaining various capacities did vary between sample populations, however. Further, the data challenge prior ad-hoc categorizations in the empirical literature on the developmental origins of and cognitive constraints on psycho-physical reasoning (e.g., in afterlife concepts). We suggest cross-culturally validated categories of “Body Dependent” and “Body Independent” items for future developmental and cross-cultural research in this emerging area. (shrink)
Considering a number of recent works on the ideology and culture of Fascism, the article explores how the concept of utopia, as formulated by different thinkers, can prove useful in attempting to unlock some of the mechanisms through which Fascism sought to manipulate the imagination and the aspirations of Italians. It focuses on the written accounts of writers and journalists who reported on the supposed achievements of the regime both in Italy and in the newly established colonies. It examines the (...) cult of Rome, which was increasingly to become the symbolic language of Fascism, and explores how, in the writings of one journalist after another, the regime was represented as having recovered the powerful utopia of the ancient past. The article then looks at the kind of rhetoric that surrounded some of the most important building projects that took place in Italy in the 1930s. It suggests that the creation of a blueprint for an ideal society was central to this rhetoric and that the notion of the arrival in an earthly paradise was to form the master narrative for most representations of Mussolini's newly acquired African territories. The article then looks at some of the competing versions of utopia that were presented, albeit subliminally, in the official media of the time. It examines some of the dystopian images of the United States that were manufactured on the eve of the Second World War. It concludes by pointing to the violence and intolerance imbedded within the utopian project of Italian Fascism. (shrink)
Magnetomechanical damping results have varied between investigators who in the main have neglected to mention the physical and chemical conditions of the specimens. In an attempt to normalize this picture magnetic damping in nickel has been investigated over a range of temperature and strain amplitude. The damping was found to increase with decreasing temperature in agreement with the results of Roberts and Barrand (1967). Factors which affect the damping include plastic deformation and grain size. Deformation which increases internal stress decreases (...) magnetomechanical damping and it is necessary to use separate specimens for such experiments to minimize this effect. Damping increases with grain size up to a grain size of 3 ? 10?3 cm, above which the rate of increase is very small. (shrink)
The strain amplitude dependent damping in pure polycrystalline iron has been determined as a function of grain size at a frequency of approximately 1 HZ, and has been shown to consist of two stages. At low strain amplitudes the damping follows the Granato?Lücke law but at higher strain amplitudes the damping can be explained in terms of the model postulated by Peguin, Perez and Gobin (1967). The strain amplitude at which stage one gives way to stage two decreases with increasing (...) grain size. From an analysis of the second stage of damping an activation volume of 1·3 ? 10?21 cm3 has been calculated. (shrink)
In this Critical Notice of Emily Jackson and John Keown’s Debating Euthanasia , the respective lines of argument put forward by each contributor are set out and the key debating points identified. Particular consideration is given to the points each contributor makes concerning the sanctity of human life and whether slippery slopes leading from voluntary medically assisted dying to non-voluntary euthanasia would be established if voluntary medically assisted dying were to be legalised. Finally, consideration is given to the positions (...) adopted by the contributors in relation to the legalisation of voluntary medically assisted dying. (shrink)
For the complex or boundary objects in which I am interested . . . dimensions implode . . . they collapse into each other . . . story telling . . . is a fraught practice . . . In no way is story telling opposed to materiality, [sic] But materiality itself is tropic; it makes us swerve, it trips us; it is a knot of the textual, technical, mythic/oneric [sic], organic, political and economic.
Being, Seeking and Telling: Expressive Approaches to Qualitative Adult Education Research . Flaxton, Queensland: Post Pressed. ISBN 1 876682 07 8 Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology , Volume 1, Edition 1 April 2001.