Search results for 'Empiricism History' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Stephen Davies (2003). Empiricism and History. Palgrave.score: 192.0
    In the last 20 years postmodernism has had a powerful effect on the discipline of history and is now forcing empiricist historians to articulate their methods, and to defend them as both possible and virtuous. In this concise introduction, Stephen Davies explains what historians mean by empiricism, examines the origins, growth and persistence of empirical methods, and shows how students can apply these methods to their own work.
     
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  2. John Gascoigne (2010). Empiricism's Medical History: A Review of Wolfe and Gal. [REVIEW] Metascience 20 (2):299-301.score: 144.0
    Getting physical: Empiricism’s medical History Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9474-4 Authors John Gascoigne, School of History and Philosophy, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2056, Australia Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  3. Matthias Neuber (2012). Invariance, Structure, Measurement – Eino Kaila and the History of Logical Empiricism. Theoria 78 (4):358-383.score: 138.0
    Eino Kaila's thought occupies a curious position within the logical empiricist movement. Along with Hans Reichenbach, Herbert Feigl, and the early Moritz Schlick, Kaila advocates a realist approach towards science and the project of a “scientific world conception”. This realist approach was chiefly directed at both Kantianism and Poincaréan conventionalism. The case in point was the theory of measurement. According to Kaila, the foundations of physical reality are characterized by the existence of invariant systems of relations, which he called structures. (...)
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  4. Enrico Viola (2013). The Specificity of Logical Empiricism in the Twentieth-Century History of Scientific Philosophy. Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 3 (2):191-209.score: 126.0
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  5. Stuart Brown (ed.) (1995). Routledge History of Philosophy Volume V: British Empiricism and the Enlightenment. Routledge.score: 126.0
    European philosophy from the late seventeenth century through most of the eighteenth is broadly conceived as `the Enlightenment', the period of empirical reaction to the great seventeenth century Rationalists. This volume begins with Herbert of Cherbury and the Cambridge Platonists and with Newton and the early English Enlightenment. Locke is a key figure in late chapters, as a result of his importance both in the development of British and Irish philosophy and because of his seminal influence in the Enlightenment as (...)
     
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  6. Elisabeth Nemeth (2007). Logical Empiricism and the History and Sociology of Science. In A. Richardson & T. Uebel (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Logical Empiricism. Cup. 278--302.score: 126.0
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  7. William Barrett (1939). Logical Empiricism and the History of Philosophy. Journal of Philosophy 36 (5):124-132.score: 120.0
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  8. Richard Bosley (1967). Empiricism and Traditionalism in the Philosophy of History of Ibn Khaldūn. Dialogue 6 (02):166-180.score: 120.0
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  9. Daniela M. Bailer-Jones (2002). Alan Richardson is Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University of British Columbia. He is the Author of Many Essays in History of Philoso-Phy of Science and of the Monograph, Carnap's Construction of the World: The Aufbau and the Emergence of Logical Empiricism (Cambridge University Press, 1998). He is a Co-Editor of Origins of Logical Empiricism (University. [REVIEW] Perspectives on Science 10 (3).score: 120.0
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  10. John Gascoigne (2011). Getting Physical: Empiricism's Medical History. Metascience 20 (2):299-301.score: 120.0
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  11. Anthony Kenny (ed.) (1986). Rationalism, Empiricism, and Idealism: British Academy Lectures on the History of Philosophy. Oxford University Press.score: 120.0
    This collection includes papers by such leading thinkers as Michael Ayers, J.A. Passmore, Ian Hacking, Hide Ishiguro, G.E.M. Anscombe, David Pears, A.M. Quinton, and Richard Wollheim.
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  12. Charles T. Wolfe & Ofer Gal (2013). Charles T. Wolfe et Ofer Gal éd., The Body as Object and Instrument of Knowledge. Embodied Empiricism in Early Modern Science. Dordrecht, Springer (Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, vol. XXV), 2010, 349 p., 157,41 euros. [REVIEW] Astérion 11.score: 120.0
    L’empirisme, comme mode de connaissance mais aussi comme tradition de pensée, a longtemps été négligé, que ce soit en histoire des sciences ou en histoire de la philosophie. Longtemps opposé au rationalisme, l’empirisme fait figure de mode de connaissance rhapsodique et non systématique. Associé au scepticisme, il est considéré comme une forme de renoncement à la connaissance, se contentant de décrire l’apparence des choses quand la véritable .
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  13. A. W. Carus (2013). History and the Future of Logical Empiricism. In Erich H. Reck (ed.), The Historical Turn in Analytic Philosophy. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 120.0
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  14. Claire Crignon (2013). Charles T. Wolfe et Ofer Gal éd., The Body as Object and Instrument of Knowledge. Embodied Empiricism in Early Modern Science. Dordrecht, Springer (Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, vol. XXV), 2010, 349 p., 157,41 euros. [REVIEW] Astérion 11.score: 120.0
    L’empirisme, comme mode de connaissance mais aussi comme tradition de pensée, a longtemps été négligé, que ce soit en histoire des sciences ou en histoire de la philosophie. Longtemps opposé au rationalisme, l’empirisme fait figure de mode de connaissance rhapsodique et non systématique. Associé au scepticisme, il est considéré comme une forme de renoncement à la connaissance, se contentant de décrire l’apparence des choses quand la véritable ..
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  15. W. Demopoulos (1989). On Applying Learnability Theory to the Rationalism-Empiricism Controversy in An Intimate Relation. Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 116:429-440.score: 120.0
     
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  16. Donald Gillies (2000). An Empiricist Philosophy of Mathematics and its Implications for the History of Mathematics. In. In Emily Grosholz & Herbert Breger (eds.), The Growth of Mathematical Knowledge. Kluwer Academic Publishers. 41--57.score: 120.0
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  17. B. Gubman (2005). Empiricism and History. By Stephen Davies. The European Legacy 10 (7):755.score: 120.0
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  18. Jm Nicholas (1989). Realism for Shopkeepers| Behaviouralist Notes on Constructive Empiricism in An Intimate Relation. Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 116:459-476.score: 120.0
     
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  19. T. Pentzpoulou-Valalas (1990). Experience and Causal Explanation in Medical Empiricism in Greek Studies in the Philosophy and History of Science. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 121:91-107.score: 120.0
     
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  20. Alan W. Richardson & Thomas E. Uebel (2000). Metaphilosophy and the History of the Philosophy of Science-Relations Between Philosophy of Science and Sociology of Science in Central Europe, 1914-1945-Logical Empiricism and the Sociology Of. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 67 (3).score: 120.0
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  21. Jules David Law (1993). The Rhetoric of Empiricism: Language and Perception From Locke to I.A. Richards. Cornell University Press.score: 96.0
    Introduction EMPIRICISM DOES NOT stand in very high repute among literary theorists these days. Regarded generally as a discredited philosophical paradigm ...
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  22. M. Eulàlia Gassó Miracle (2008). The Significance of Temminck's Work on Biogeography: Early Nineteenth Century Natural History in Leiden, the Netherlands. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 41 (4):677 - 716.score: 96.0
    C. J. Temminck, director of the Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie (now the National Museum of Natural History in Leiden) and a renowned ornithologist, gained his contemporary's respect thanks to the description of many new species and to his detailed monographs on birds. He also published a small number of works on biogeography describing the fauna of the Dutch colonies in South East Asia and Japan. These works are remarkable for two reasons. First, in them Temminck accurately described the species (...)
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  23. Siobhan Chapman (2008). Language and Empiricism: After the Vienna Circle. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 96.0
    This book compares attitudes to empiricism in language study from mid-twentieth century philosophy of language and from present-day linguistics. It focuses on responses to the logical positivism of the Vienna Circle, particularly in the work of British philosopher J. L. Austin and the much less well-known work of Norwegian philosopher Arne Naess.
     
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  24. Thomas M. Lennon (1992). The Cartesian Empiricism of François Bayle. Garland Pub..score: 90.0
  25. Brenda Jubin (1977). 'The Spatial Quale': A Corrective to James's Radical Empiricism. Journal of the History of Philosophy 15 (2):212-216.score: 84.0
    "Space," William James confessed, "is [both] a direfully difficult subject [and the] driest of subjects.'" Nonetheless, convinced that most previous accounts of space were either incoherent or mythological, he set out to describe space as it is actually experienced. His first effort, "The Spatial Quale," appeared in The Journal of Speculative Philosophy in 1879. 2 This article is historically important; as Ralph Barton Perry notes, "his peculiar view of the amplitude and eonnectedness of experience seems to have begun with the (...)
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  26. Cody Franchetti (2013). Nominalism and History. Open Journal of Philosophy 3 (3):401-412.score: 84.0
    The paper focuses on Nominalism in history, its application, and its historiographical implications. By engaging with recent scholarship as well as classic works, a survey of Nominalism’s role in the discipline of history is made; such examination is timely, since it has been done but scantily in a purely historical context. In the light of recent theoretical works, which often display aporias over the nature and method of historical enquiry, the paper offers new considerations on historical theory, which (...)
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  27. Thomas Uebel (2011). Carnap and Kuhn: On the Relation Between the Logic of Science and the History of Science. [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 42 (1):129 - 140.score: 78.0
    This paper offers a refutation of J. C. Pinto de Oliveira's recent critique of revisionist Carnap scholarship as giving undue weight to two brief letters to Kuhn expressing his interest in the latter's work. First an argument is provided to show that Carnap and Kuhn are by no means divided by a radical mismatch of their conceptions of the rationality of science as supposedly evidenced by their stance towards the distinction of the contexts of discovery and justification. This is followed (...)
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  28. Robert L. Armstrong (1970). Metaphysics and British Empiricism. Lincoln,University of Nebraska Press.score: 78.0
     
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  29. Wayne Waxman (2005). Kant and the Empiricists: Understanding Understanding. Oxford University Press.score: 76.0
    Wayne Waxman here presents an ambitious and comprehensive attempt to link the philosophers of what are known as the British Empiricists--Locke, Berkeley, and Hume--to the philosophy of German philosopher Immanuel Kant. Much has been written about all these thinkers, who are among the most influential figures in the Western tradition. Waxman argues that, contrary to conventional wisdom, Kant is actually the culmination of the British empiricist program and that he shares their methodological assumptions and basic convictions about human thought and (...)
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  30. Charles T. Wolfe (forthcoming). From Locke to Materialism: Empiricism, the Brain and the Stirrings of Ontology. In A. L. Rey S. Bodenmann (ed.), 18th-Century Empiricism and the Sciences.score: 72.0
    My topic is the materialist appropriation of empiricism – as conveyed in the ‘minimal credo’ nihil est in intellectu quod non fuerit in sensu (which interestingly is not just a phrase repeated from Hobbes and Locke to Diderot, but is also a medical phrase, used by Harvey, Mandeville and others). That is, canonical empiricists like Locke go out of their way to state that their project to investigate and articulate the ‘logic of ideas’ is not a scientific project: “I (...)
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  31. John Locke, George Berkeley & David Hume (eds.) (1974/1990). The Empiricists. Anchor Books/Doubleday.score: 72.0
    This volume includes the major works of the British Empiricists, philosophers who sought to derive all knowledge from experience. All essays are complete except that of Locke, which Professor Richard Taylor of Brown University has skillfully abridged.
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  32. Stephen Priest (1990). The British Empiricists: Hobbes to Ayer. Viking Penguin.score: 70.0
  33. Charles T. Wolfe (2010). Rethinking Empiricism and Materialism: The Revisionist View. Annales Philosophici 1 (1):101-113.score: 66.0
    There is an enduring story about empiricism, which runs as follows: from Locke onwards to Carnap, empiricism is the doctrine in which raw sense-data are received through the passive mechanism of perception; experience is the effect produced by external reality on the mind or ‘receptors’. Empiricism on this view is the ‘handmaiden’ of experimental natural science, seeking to redefine philosophy and its methods in conformity with the results of modern science. Secondly, there is a story about materialism, (...)
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  34. Charles T. Wolfe (2010). Embodied Empiricism. In Charles T. Wolfe & Ofer Gal (eds.), The Body as object and instrument of knowledge. Springer. 1--6.score: 66.0
    This is the introduction to a collection of essays on 'embodied empiricism' in early modern philosophy and the life sciences - papers on Harvey, Glisson, Locke, Hume, Bonnet, Lamarck, on anatomy and physiology, on medicine and natural history, etc.
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  35. Alexander Klein (2007). The Rise of Empiricism: William James, Thomas Hill Green, and the Struggle Over Psychology. Dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomingtonscore: 66.0
    The concept of empiricism evokes both a historical tradition and a set of philosophical theses. The theses are usually understood to have been developed by Locke, Berkeley, and Hume. But these figures did not use the term “empiricism,” and they did not see themselves as united by a shared epistemology into one school of thought. My dissertation analyzes the debate that elevated the concept of empiricism (and of an empiricist tradition) to prominence in English-language philosophy. -/- In (...)
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  36. Alan Richardson (2011). But What Then Am I, This Inexhaustible, Unfathomable Historical Self? Or, Upon What Ground May One Commit Empiricism? Synthese 178 (1):143 - 154.score: 66.0
    This essay examines the perspective from which Bas van Fraassen, in his book, The Empirical Stance, explains the project of empiricism. I argue that this perspective is a robustly transcendental perspective, which suggests that the tradition of empiricism lacks the resources to explain itself. I offer an alternative history of epistemic voluntarism in twentieth-century philosophy to the history van Fraassen himself provides, one that finds the novelty in van Fraassen's own views to be precisely his reintroduction (...)
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  37. Anthony Kenny (ed.) (1997). The Oxford Illustrated History of Western Philosophy. Oxford University Press.score: 66.0
    Written by a team of distinguished scholars, this is an authoritative and comprehensive history of Western philosophy from its earliest beginnings to the present day. Illustrated with over 150 color and black-and-white pictures, chosen to illuminate and complement the text, this lively and readable work is an ideal introduction to philosophy for anyone interested in the history of ideas. From Plato's Republic and St. Augustine's Confessions through Marx's Capital and Sartre's Being and Nothingness, the extraordinary philosophical dialogue between (...)
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  38. Lydia Patton (ed.) (2014). Philosophy, Science, and History: A Guide and Reader. Routledge.score: 66.0
    Philosophy, Science, and History: A Guide and Reader is a compact overview of HOPOS that aims to introduce students to the groundwork of the field. Part I of the Reader begins with classic texts in the history of logical empiricism, including Reichenbach's discovery-justification distinction. With careful reference to Kuhn's analysis of scientific revolutions, the section provides key texts analyzing the relationship of HOPOS to the history of science, including texts by Santayana, Rudwick, and Shapin and Schaffer. (...)
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  39. Levi R. Bryant (2008). Difference and Givenness: Deleuze's Transcendental Empiricism and the Ontology of Immanence. Northwestern University Press.score: 66.0
    From one end of his philosophical work to the other, Gilles Deleuze consistently described his position as a transcendental empiricism. But just what is transcendental about Deleuze’s transcendental empiricism? And how does his position fit with the traditional empiricism articulated by Hume? In Difference and Givenness , Levi Bryant addresses these long-neglected questions so critical to an understanding of Deleuze’s thinking. Through a close examination of Deleuze’s independent work--focusing especially on Difference and Repetition-- as well as his (...)
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  40. Cody Franchetti (2013). Anticipations of Hans Georg Gadamer's Epistemology of History in Benedetto Croce's Philosophy of History. Open Journal of Philosophy 3 (2):273-277.score: 66.0
    In Truth and Method Hans Georg Gadamer revealed hermeneutics as one of the foundational epistemological elements of history, in contrast to scientific method, which, with empiricism, constitutes natural sciences’ epistemology. This important step solved a number of long-standing arguments over the ontology of history, which had become increasingly bitter in the twentieth century. But perhaps Gadamer’s most important contribution was that he annulled history’s supposed inferiority to the natural sciences by showing that the knowledge it offers, (...)
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  41. Anthony Kenny (ed.) (1994). The Oxford History of Western Philosophy. Oxford University Press.score: 66.0
    From Plato's Republic and St. Augustine's Confessions through Marx's Capital and Sartre's Being and Nothingness, the extraordinary philosophical dialogue between great Western minds has flourished unabated through the ages. Dazzling in its genius and breadth, the long line of European and American intellectual discourse tells a remarkable story--a quest for truth and wisdom that continues to shape our most basic ideas about human nature and the world around us. That quest is brilliantly brought to life in The Oxford History (...)
     
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  42. Brad S. Gregory (2008). No Room for God? History, Science, Metaphysics, and the Study of Religion. History and Theory 47 (4):495 - 519.score: 60.0
    Intellectual history, philosophy, and science’s own self-understanding undermine the claim that science entails or need even tend toward atheism. By definition a radically transcendent creator-God is inaccessible to empirical investigation. Denials of the possibility or actual occurrence of miracles depend not on science itself, but on naturalist assumptions that derive originally from a univocal metaphysics with its historical roots in medieval nominalism, which in turn have deeply influenced philosophy and science since the seventeenth century. The metaphysical postulate of naturalism (...)
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  43. John R. Shook (2000). Dewey's Empirical Theory of Knowledge and Reality. Vanderbilt University Press.score: 60.0
    While previous studies of Dewey's work have taken either a historical or topical focus, Shook offers an innovative, organic approach to understanding Dewey and eloquently shows that Dewey's instrumentalism grew seamlessly out of his idealism. He argues that most current scholarship operates under a mistaken impression of Dewey's early philosophical positions.
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  44. Stephen Gaukroger (2009). The Role of Natural Philosophy in the Development of Locke's Empiricism. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 17 (1):55 – 83.score: 60.0
    (2009). The Role of Natural Philosophy in the Development of Locke's Empiricism. British Journal for the History of Philosophy: Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 55-83.
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  45. Alberto Vanzo (2013). Kant on Empiricism and Rationalism. History of Philosophy Quarterly 30 (1):53-74.score: 60.0
    Several scholars have criticized the histories of early modern philosophy based on the dichotomy of empiricism and rationalism. They view them as overestimating the importance of epistemological issues for early modern philosophers (epistemological bias), portraying Kant's Critical philosophy as a superior alternative to empiricism and rationalism (Kantian bias), and forcing most or all early modern thinkers prior to Kant into the empiricist or rationalist camps (classificatory bias). Kant is often said to be the source of the three biases. (...)
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  46. U. Klein (2003). Experimental History and Herman Boerhaave's Chemistry of Plants. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 34 (4):533-567.score: 60.0
    In the early eighteenth century, chemistry became the main academic locus where, in Francis Bacon's words, Experimenta lucifera were performed alongside Experimenta fructifera and where natural philosophy was coupled with natural history and 'experimental history' in the Baconian and Boyleian sense of an inventory and exploration of the extant operations of the arts and crafts. The Dutch social and political system and the institutional setting of the university of Leiden endorsed this empiricist, utilitarian orientation toward the sciences, which (...)
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  47. Christina Howard & Keith Tuffin (2002). Repression in Retrospect: Constructing History in the `Memory Debate'. History of the Human Sciences 15 (3):75-93.score: 60.0
    Psychologists have often been criticized for their reluctance to engage with history, so it is interesting to find that historical accounts play an important role in the recovered memory/false memory syndrome debate. Using techniques of rhetorical and discursive analysis, we examined accounts of the historical origins of repression and of battlefield trauma in popular texts. The flexible and selective nature of these accounts was highlighted, and was discussed in terms of the rhetorical practice of ontological gerrymandering. Also, the employment (...)
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  48. Daniel J. Nicholson & Richard Gawne (2014). Rethinking Woodger's Legacy in the Philosophy of Biology. Journal of the History of Biology 47 (2):243-292.score: 60.0
    The writings of Joseph Henry Woodger (1894–1981) are often taken to exemplify everything that was wrongheaded, misguided, and just plain wrong with early twentieth-century philosophy of biology. Over the years, commentators have said of Woodger: (a) that he was a fervent logical empiricist who tried to impose the explanatory gold standards of physics onto biology, (b) that his philosophical work was completely disconnected from biological science, (c) that he possessed no scientific or philosophical credentials, and (d) that his work was (...)
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  49. James Engell (1981). The Creative Imagination: Enlightenment to Romanticism. Harvard University Press.score: 60.0
     
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  50. Knox Peden (2013). The Burden of Intelligibility. History of European Ideas 40 (1):1-12.score: 60.0
    Summary Ian Hunter's career as an intellectual historian has been grounded in a commitment to regionalism and the refinement of a methodology devoted to conceiving thought in terms of various modes of comportment. This essay suggests that Hunter's recent work on ?The History of Theory? downplays the first principle in its development of the second, and consequently risks abandoning the commitment to historical pluralism that has been a distinguishing feature of his singular contribution to intellectual history.
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