Search results for 'Enlightenment Influence' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Samar Attar (2007). The Vital Roots of European Enlightenment: Ibn Tufayl's Influence on Modern Western Thought. Lexington Books.
    The Vital Roots of European Enlightenment is a collection of essays dealing with the influence of Ibn Tufayl, a 12th-century Arab philosopher from Spain, on major European thinkers. Had Edward Said known about the impact of Hayy Ibn Yaqzan on Europe throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, he might have reached different conclusions in his book Orientalism.
     
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  2. Samar Attar (2010). The Vital Roots of European Enlightenment: Ibn Tufayl's Influence on Modern Western Thought. Lexington Books.
    The Vital Roots of European Enlightenment is a collection of essays dealing with the influence of Ibn Tufayl, a 12th-century Arab philosopher from Spain, on major European thinkers. Had Edward Said known about the impact of Hayy Ibn Yaqzan on Europe throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, he might have reached different conclusions in his book Orientalism.
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  3. William Farr Church (1974/1973). The Influence of the Enlightenment on the French Revolution. Lexington, Mass.,D. C. Heath.
  4. William Farr Church (1964). The Influence of the Enlightenment on the French Revolution: Creative, Disastrous, or Non-Existent? Boston, Heath.
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  5. Lukasz Kurdybacha (1970). The Influence of the Early Enlightenment on John Amos Comenius. Acta Comeniana 1:93-101.
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  6. Harold Mah (2003). Enlightenment Phantasies: Cultural Identity in France and Germany, 1750-1914. Cornell University Press.
    Introduction: identity as phantasy in Enlightenment in France and Germany -- The man with too many qualities : the young herder between France and Germany -- The language of cultural identity : Diderot to Nietzsche -- Strange classicism : aesthetic vision in Winckelmann, Nietzsche, and Thomas Mann -- Classicism and gender transformation : David, Goethe, and Stal -- The French Revolution and the problem of time : Hegel to Marx.
     
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  7. Lawrence Birken (1995). Hitler as Philosophe: Remnants of the Enlightenment in National Socialism. Praeger.
  8. Thomas Bredsdorff & Anne-Marie Mai (eds.) (2004). Enlightened Networking: Import and Export of Enlightenment in 18th Century Denmark. University Press of Southern Denmark.
     
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  9.  58
    T. J. Hochstrasser (2000). Natural Law Theories in the Early Enlightenment. Cambridge University Press.
    This major addition to Ideas in Context examines the development of natural law theories in the early stages of the Enlightenment in Germany and France. T. J. Hochstrasser investigates the influence exercised by theories of natural law from Grotius to Kant, with a comparative analysis of the important intellectual innovations in ethics and political philosophy of the time. Hochstrasser includes the writings of Samuel Pufendorf and his followers who evolved a natural law theory based on human sociability (...)
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  10.  7
    Aleksandar Molnar (2011). The Light of Freedom in the Age of Enlightenment : England and France. Filozofija I Društvo 22 (2):129-155.
    Although the philosophy of Enlightenment was born in the Netherlands and England in the late 17th and early 18th century, there were considerable problems in defying the freedom. By the mid 18th century, under the influence of „national mercantilism“ , the freedom was perceived in more and more collective terms, giving bith to the political option of national liberalism. That is why in the second half of 18th century this two countries have been progresively loosing importance for (...)
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  11.  4
    Gordana Djeric (2006). European-Enlightenment and National-Romanticist Sources of Cultural Memory: Reflections in Contemporary Debates. Filozofija I Društvo 30:77-88.
    Each society is marked by a selective cultural memory which, beside events and traditions whose importance is emphasized, is also constituted by its parts and contents whose influence is either diminished or forgotten. Our society, too is marked by such kind of memory, with obvious reduction, value opposition and, in sum, general duality within the reception of cultural memory, which is always more complex than it appears in political speeches mother-tongue reading books or history textbooks. For this reason, an (...)
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  12.  4
    Aleksandar Nikitovic (2003). Traditionalism and Modern Subjectivity: Enlightenment and Conservatism of Edmund Burke. Filozofija I Društvo 22:271-283.
    The issue of traditionalism versus modern subjectivism in the light of the conflict of Edmund Burke`s conservatism with the Enlightenment as the ideological basis of the French revolution was not discussed or studied sufficiently in our political and philosophical theory. In this paper we are reconsidering a theoretical debate between arising modern rationalism of Enlightenment and European traditionalism. The text further explains on the reasons for choosing this subject and course the research will take subsequently. An (...)
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  13.  1
    Tijana Bajovic (2010). Enlightening the Enlightenment: On the Permanent Concept Crisis. Filozofija I Društvo 21 (2):3-27.
    Two hundred and twenty years after the French Revolution, the problem of defining the concept of the Enlightenment still persists. Considering the lack of agreement over the defining features of this movement or epoch, our aim is to show that it has never been fully and clearly defined and understood. The author therefore suggests making a distinction between enlightenment and the Enlightenment. The Enlightenment as a period linked to 18th century Europe, can be understood as part (...)
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  14.  47
    Stuart C. Brown (ed.) (1996). British Philosophy and the Age of Enlightenment. Routledge.
    European philosophy from the late seventeenth century through most of the eighteenth is broadly conceived as the "Enlightenment," a period of empricist reaction to the great seventeeth century Rationalists. This volume begins with Herbert of Cherbury and the Cambridge Platonists and with Newton and the early English Enlightenment. Locke is a key figure, as a result of his importance both in the development of British and Irish philosophy and because of his seminal influence in the Enlightenment (...)
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  15.  13
    Diana M. Judd (2008). Questioning Authority: Political Resistance and the Ethic of Natural Science. Transaction Publishers.
    Francis Bacon : a new interpretation of nature -- Thomas Hobbes' scientific approach to politics -- John Locke and the origins of political resistance -- The ethic and practice of modern natural science -- Critical theory and the critique of modernity -- Michel Foucault and the postmodern reaction.
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  16.  31
    Dennis Vanden Auweele (2013). The Lutheran Influence on Kant's Depraved Will. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 73 (2):117-134.
    Contemporary Kant-scholarship has a tendency to allign Kant’s understanding of depravity closer to Erasmus than Luther in their famous debate on the freedom of the will (1520–1527). While, at face value, some paragraphs do warrant such a claim, I will argue that Kant’s understanding of the radical evil will draws closer to Luther than Erasmus in a number of elements. These elements are (1) the intervention of the Wille for progress towards the good, (2) a positive choice for evil, (3) (...)
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  17. Leo Catana (2008). The Historiographical Concept 'System of Philosophy': Its Origin, Nature, Influence, and Legitimacy. Brill.
    Contextualizing the emergence of history of philosophy within eighteenth-century German Enlightenment, this book discusses the philosophical nature of the historiographical concept ‘system of philosophy’ and the concept’s influence upon the methods of history of philosophy and history of ideas.
     
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  18.  9
    Ryu Susato (2007). The Idea of Chivalry in the Scottish Enlightenment. Hume Studies 33 (1):155-178.
    It is generally assumed that in early modern Britain, chivalry—allegedly typified by the Crusades—was considered a negative or even ridiculous ideology until its rehabilitation by the pre-Romantic movement. However, this paper argues that Hume and other Scottish Enlightenment thinkers had already shown a deep interest in its historical role and influence on modern civilization. That Hume shared a broad interest in chivalry with contemporary philosophers does not undermine the novelty of his thought on this topic. In fact, the (...)
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  19.  4
    Ryu Susato (2007). The Idea of Chivalry in the Scottish Enlightenment: The Case of David Hume. Hume Studies 33 (1):155-178.
    It is generally assumed that in early modern Britain, chivalry—allegedly typified by the Crusades—was considered a negative or even ridiculous ideology until its rehabilitation by the pre-Romantic movement. However, this paper argues that Hume and other Scottish Enlightenment thinkers had already shown a deep interest in its historical role and influence on modern civilization. That Hume shared a broad interest in chivalry with contemporary philosophers does not undermine the novelty of his thought on this topic. In fact, the (...)
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  20.  6
    Roger L. Emerson (1988). Sir Robert Sibbald, Kt, The Royal Society of Scotland and the Origins of the Scottish Enlightenment. Annals of Science 45 (1):41-72.
    This paper shows that in late seventeenth-century Scotland there existed a sizeable virtuoso community whose leaders were abreast of European developments in philosophy, history and science. Moreover, by c. 1700, Sir Robert Sibbald was attempting to organize a learned society modelled upon those he knew in Europe and upon London's Royal Society. The interests of the virtuosi and their attempts to institutionalize their pursuits laid much of the ground work for the Scottish Enlightenment. The Royal Society of Scotland which (...)
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  21.  13
    Julia J. A. Shaw (2013). A Study of the Semiotic and Narrative Forms of Divine Influence Within Secular Legal Systems. International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 26 (1):95-112.
    Since the Reformation and Enlightenment, the Western world has witnessed the incremental decline of religious influence. Yet, key legal protections and duties incumbent on civilians and state actors in both avowedly secular states and ruling theocracies, predominantly Islamic, are to a lesser or greater extent determined by religious values. Although it is often claimed that the modern secular state encourages the adoption of liberal values and allows for the formulation of general law according to the free will of (...)
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  22. Stanley Rosen (1995). The Mask of Enlightenment: Nietzsche's Zarathustra. Cambridge University Press.
    The Mask of Enlightenment is the most detailed textual and thematic study of Nietzsche's most important but least understood works: Thus Spake Zarathustra. In this book Nietzsche was laying the groundwork for a fundamental philosophical and political revolution on a global scale. One of the difficulties that the text poses is Nietzsche's prophetic style; Stanley Rosen unweaves the complex threads that form the rhetorical voices of the work, and so explains the style in an accessible manner. He rejects recent (...)
     
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  23.  17
    Hasana Sharp (2011). Michael Mack, Spinoza and the Specters of Modernity: The Hidden Enlightenment of Diversity From Spinoza to Freud. [REVIEW] Symposium: The Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy 15 (2):231-233.
    Michael Mack joins a number of thinkers - including Louis Althusser, Gilles Deleuze, Antonio Negri, and Jonathan Israel - in the effort to locate Spinoza within an alternative current of modernity. Akin especially to Israel's portrait, Mack presents Spinoza as an enlightenment thinker who deepens and radicalises the major concepts associated with the modern age: equality, fraternity, and liberty. Distinguishing Mack's study from either Israel's sweeping history of ideas or the Marxist effort to produce an anomalous thread in the (...)
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  24.  6
    G. Garrard (1994). Rousseau, Maistre, and the Counter-Enlightenment. History of Political Thought 15 (1):97-120.
    In this paper, I argue that Rousseau is an important precursor of the Counter-Enlightenment. To this end, I will examine the parallels between his partial critique of the Enlightenment and that of Joseph de Maistre, whose work represents one of the most comprehensive and systematic indictments of the central ideas and objectives of the Enlightenment. Despite his frequent denunciations of Rousseau's ideas and influence, Maistre shares with him a profound concern for what he takes to be (...)
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  25.  5
    Gordana Đerić (2006). European-Enlightenment and National-Romanticist Sources of Cultural Memory: Reflections in Contemporary Debates. Filozofija I Društvo 30:77-88.
    Each society is marked by a selective cultural memory which, beside events and traditions whose importance is emphasized, is also constituted by its parts and contents whose influence is either diminished or forgotten. Our society, too is marked by such kind of memory, with obvious reduction, value opposition and, in sum, general duality within the reception of cultural memory, which is always more complex than it appears in political speeches mother-tongue reading books or history textbooks. For this reason, an (...)
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  26.  3
    Klaus P. Fischer (1975). John Locke in the German Enlightenment: An Interpretation. Journal of the History of Ideas 36 (3):431.
    A favorite assumption of anglo-American scholarship is that locke's influence "pervaded the eighteenth century with an almost scriptural authority." examining the philosophy of the german enlightenment, This essay disputes the exaggerated importance ascribed to locke in the eighteenth century. Locke's influence was always limited by native traditions inimical to his thought. His empiricism could not compete with the leibniz-Wolff system in which all german philosophers, Including the lockean sympathizers, Were educated. It is true that around mid-Century and (...)
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  27.  1
    Nathaniel Wolloch (2013). Barbarian Tribes, American Indians and Cultural Transmission: Changing Perspectives From the Enlightenment to Tocqueville. History of Political Thought 34 (3):507-539.
    This article examines the change which occurred in discussions of cultural transmission between the Enlightenment and the liberal outlook of the nineteenth century. The former is exemplified mainly by eighteenth-century historical discussions, the latter by the thought of Alexis de Tocqueville. An interest in the influence of advanced Western cultures on seemingly inferior non-Western societies was consistent throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. It was manifested mainly in discussions of the barbarian conquest of the Roman Empire on the (...)
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  28. France Boisvert (2004). L'influence protestante chez Lahontan. Revue D'Histoire Et de Philosophie Religieuses 84 (1):31-51.
    Associée à tort à la pensée libertine, l'œuvre de Lahontan présente les traces indéniables de l'influence huguenote. C'est par l'étude de la controverse religieuse, genre aujourd'hui tombé en désuétude, que l'on arrive à y saisir aussi l'émergence d'un déisme fortuit. Les deux premiers Dialogues, inspirés par le Leviathan de Thomas Hobbes, montrent que Lahontan fait triompher le droit naturel des lois, corps civil artificiel. Ce sont les mêmes Dialogues réécrits par Nicolas Gueudeville qui viennent faire du chef huron Adario (...)
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  29. Stuart Brown (ed.) (1995). Routledge History of Philosophy Volume V: British Empiricism and the Enlightenment. Routledge.
    European philosophy from the late seventeenth century through most of the eighteenth is broadly conceived as `the Enlightenment', the period of empirical reaction to the great seventeenth century Rationalists. This volume begins with Herbert of Cherbury and the Cambridge Platonists and with Newton and the early English Enlightenment. Locke is a key figure in late chapters, as a result of his importance both in the development of British and Irish philosophy and because of his seminal influence in (...)
     
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  30. Stuart Brown (ed.) (2003). Routledge History of Philosophy Volume V: British Empiricism and the Enlightenment. Routledge.
    European philosophy from the late seventeenth century through most of the eighteenth is broadly conceived as `the Enlightenment', the period of empirical reaction to the great seventeenth century Rationalists. This volume begins with Herbert of Cherbury and the Cambridge Platonists and with Newton and the early English Enlightenment. Locke is a key figure in late chapters, as a result of his importance both in the development of British and Irish philosophy and because of his seminal influence in (...)
     
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  31. Alfred J. Gabay (2004). The Covert Enlightenment: Eighteenth-Century Counterculture & its Aftermath. Swedenborg Foundation Publishers.
    The European Enlightenment in the latter half of the eighteenth century heralded a grave conflict between theological and scientific modes of thought, starkly revealing the ancient tensions between spiritual knowledge and rationalism. Yet there was another, lesser-known movement during this time---a "covert" Enlightenment---that sought to bring fresh perspectives on the soul, and by extension, on the human mind and on consciousness. This work examines the influence of Emanuel Swedenborg and Anton Mesmer on the budding movement toward psychology (...)
     
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  32. Bryan Garsten (ed.) (2012). Rousseau, the Age of Enlightenment, and Their Legacies. Princeton University Press.
    Robert Wokler was one of the world's leading experts on Rousseau and the Enlightenment, but some of his best work was published in the form of widely scattered and difficult-to-find essays. This book collects for the first time a representative selection of his most important essays on Rousseau and the legacy of Enlightenment political thought. These essays concern many of the great themes of the age, including liberty, equality and the origins of revolution. But they also address a (...)
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  33. Craig Taylor & Stephen Buckle (eds.) (2016). Hume and the Enlightenment. Routledge.
    While Hume remains one of the most central figures in modern philosophy his place within Enlightenment thinking is much less clearly defined. Taking recent work on Hume as a starting point, this volume of original essays aims to re-examine and clarify Hume's influence on the thought and values of the Enlightenment.
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  34. Craig Taylor (2015). Hume and the Enlightenment. Routledge.
    While Hume remains one of the most central figures in modern philosophy his place within Enlightenment thinking is much less clearly defined. Taking recent work on Hume as a starting point, this volume of original essays aims to re-examine and clarify Hume's influence on the thought and values of the Enlightenment.
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  35. C. Taylor & S. Buckle (eds.) (2011). Hume and the Enlightenment. Routledge.
    While Hume remains one of the most central figures in modern philosophy his place within Enlightenment thinking is much less clearly defined. Taking recent work on Hume as a starting point, this volume of original essays aims to re-examine and clarify Hume's influence on the thought and values of the Enlightenment.
     
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  36.  43
    Dale Cannon (2008). “Polanyi's Influence on Poteat's Conceptualization of Modernity's 'Insanity' and Its Cure. Tradition and Discovery 35 (2):23-30.
    My intent is to paint in rather broad strokes Bill Poteat’s intellectual agenda, as I came to understand it, and how Michael Polanyi fit into that agenda for Poteat alongside other major intellectual mentors. Bill’s agenda was to expose critically and, so far as possible, to counter the fateful consequences of what he called the “prepossessions of the European Enlightenment” regarding human knowing, human doing, and human being. Although his work involved conceptual analysis, the nature of this conceptual-archaeology was (...)
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  37.  4
    María Luciana Cadahia (2015). Lee, Seüng-Kee, Pozzo, Riccardo, Sgarbi, Marco & Vün Wille, Dagmar . Philosophical academic programs of the german enlightenment. A literary genre recontextualized. Stuttgart, Frommann-Holzboog, 2012, 399 págs. [REVIEW] Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 22:353-357.
    En este articulo analizamos el fenómeno del Ereignis en la obra de Heidegger posterior a la Kehre para confrontar su origen conflictivo. Para esto, presentamos la influencia de su lectura del πόλεµοç de Heráclito y una interpretación de la estructura y sus dimensiones gracias a la tensión de las partes que se mantienen en continua oscilación por la naturaleza abismal de la donación. Asimismo, revisamos el camino que presentan los ensambles del fenómeno a la luz de su obra Beiträge zur (...)
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  38.  13
    Sébastian Charles (2004). Berkeley no país das Luzes: ceticismo e solipsismo no século XVIII. Doispontos 1 (2).
    A influência do ceticismo nos século XVI e XVII é por demais evidente para ser posta em questão. De Montaigne a Bayle, parece que o cético foi o promotor tanto de uma refutação radical dos princípios metafísicos escolásticos e depois cartesianos quanto de uma crítica feroz às autoridades religiosas e políticas. Ora, esse papel parece ter se amenizado no Século das Luzes, ou melhor, se deslocado - somente as dimensões críticas do social continuaram pertinentes. Pretende-se mostrar aqui o pressuposto de (...)
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  39.  5
    Tatjana Velimirovic (2008). Culture and/or Deception the Dialectic of Enlightenment. Filozofija I Društvo 19 (1):305-322.
    This text deals with Adornos dialectic critic of culture, within which it tries to clarify the relationship between earlier bourgeois culture, on the one hand, and contemporary forms of mass culture, on the other. Adornos understanding of culture enables us to comprehend many specific social forms in their dialectic relationship and their mutual determination. The text itself, first of all, examines the changes that contemporary industrial society brought in regard to critic potential of culture, namely the way in which it (...)
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  40.  2
    Katherine A. East (2014). Superstitionis Malleus: John Toland, Cicero, and the War on Priestcraft in Early Enlightenment England. History of European Ideas 40 (7):965-983.
    This paper explores the role of the Ciceronian tradition in the radical religious discourse of John Toland . Toland produced numerous works seeking to challenge the authority of the clergy, condemning their ‘priestcraft’ as a significant threat to the integrity of the Commonwealth. Throughout these anticlerical writings, Toland repeatedly invoked Cicero as an enemy to superstition and as a religious sceptic, particularly citing the theological dialogues De Natura Deorum and De Divinatione. This paper argues that Toland adapted the Ciceronian tradition (...)
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  41.  2
    John Shufelt (2005). The Trickster as an Instrument of Enlightenment: George Psalmanazar and the Writings of Jonathan Swift. History of European Ideas 31 (2):147-171.
    The publication of George Psalmanazar's Description of Formosa (1704?1705) and the controversy surrounding the young man who claimed to be ?a Native of Formosa, An Island subject to the Emperor of Japan,? must place text and author among the most audacious examples of literary fraud in any language. Psalmanazar's Formosa fabrications?including claims of endemic polygamy, cannibalism, and child sacrifice?titillated and appalled his contemporaries, including Jonathan Swift, who paid mock tribute to the ?famous Salmanaazor? in A Modest Proposal (1729), crediting the (...)
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  42. George E. McCarthy, Hannah Arendt, Hans-Georg Gadamer, Jurgen Habermas, Martin Heidegger, Karl Marx, Friedrich Nietzsche & Max Weber (1997). Romancing Antiquity: German Critique of the Enlightenment From Weber to Habermas. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In this unique and comprehensive book, George McCarthy examines the influence of Greek philosophy, literature, arts, and politics on the development of twentieth-century German social thought. McCarthy demonstrates that the classical spirit vitalized thinkers such as Weber, Heidegger, Freud, Marcuse, Arendt, Gadamer, and Habermas.
     
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  43. K. Saratchandran (1997). The Influence of Sahkara on the Literary and Cultural Heritage of Kerala. In V. Venkatachalam (ed.), Śaṅkarācārya: The Ship of Enlightenment. Sahitya Akademi 105.
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  44. B. W. Young (1998). Religion and Enlightenment in Eighteenth-Century England: Theological Debate From Locke to Burke. Clarendon Press.
    This is a description and analysis of the intellectual culture of the eighteenth-century Church of England. Challenging conventional perceptions of the Church as an intellectually moribund institution, the study traces the influence of thinkers such as Locke, Newton, Burke, and Gibbon on theological debate in England during this period.
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  45.  60
    Derek Allan, Goya and the Dark Side of the Enlightenment.
    Conventionally lauded as the luminous Age of Reason in which the fogs of religious superstition lifted to reveal a new world of tolerance and human dignity, the Enlightenment also possessed what one might term its “dark side”. A small number of writers and visual artists – such as Sade, Choderlos de Laclos (author of Les Liaisons dangereuses) and Francisco Goya – recognised that the newfound paths of Reason and empiricism could lead in unexpected directions and reveal aspects of human (...)
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  46.  3
    Eric Palmer (forthcoming). Less Radical Enlightenment: A Christian Wing of the French Enlightenment. In Steffen Ducheyne (ed.), The Ashgate Research Companion to the Radical Enlightenment. Ashgate
    (Forthcoming 2016: pre-review draft link below) Jonathan I. Israel claims that Christian ‘controversialists’ endeavoured first to obscure or efface Spinozism, materialism, and non-authoritarian free thought, and then, in the early eighteenth century, to fight these openly, and desperately. Israel appears to have adopted the view of enlightenment as a battle against what Voltaire has called ‘l’infâme’, and David Hume has labelled ‘stupidity, Christianity, and ignorance’. These authors’ barbs were launched later in the century, however, in the period of (...)
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  47.  87
    S. Douglas Beets (2015). BB&T, Atlas Shrugged, and the Ethics of Corporation Influence on College Curricula. Journal of Academic Ethics 13 (4):311-344.
    Tuition and government funding does not adequately support the mission of many colleges and universities, and increasingly, corporations are responding to this need by making payments to institutions of higher learning with significant contracted expectations, including influence of the curriculum and content of college courses. One large, public banking corporation, BB&T, has funded grants to more than 60 colleges and universities in the United States to address what the corporation refers to as the “moral foundations of capitalism.” These grants (...)
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  48.  25
    Paul Guyer (2006). Kant. Routledge.
    Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) is arguably the most influential of the Enlightenment Philosophers. In this outstanding introduction, Paul Guyer introduces and assesses all the major aspects of Kant's thought. Beginning with a helpful overview of Kant's life and times, Guyer introduces the "Copernican revolution" Kant brought about in metaphysics and epistemology, carefully introducing his arguments about the nature of experience, space and time in his most influential but difficult work, The Critique of Pure Reason. He gives a much-needed explanation of (...)
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  49. Jay Garfield (1995). The Fundamental Wisdom of the Middle Way: Nāgārjuna's Mūlamadhyamakakārikā. Oxford University Press.
    For nearly two thousand years Buddhism has mystified and captivated both lay people and scholars alike. Seen alternately as a path to spiritual enlightenment, an system of ethical and moral rubrics, a cultural tradition, or simply a graceful philosophy of life, Buddhism has produced impassioned followers the world over. The Buddhist saint Nagarjuna, who lived in South India in approximately the first century CE, is undoubtedly the most important, influential, and widely studied Mahayana Buddhist philosopher. His many works include (...)
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  50.  32
    Jonathan I. Israel (2001). Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity, 1650-1750. Oxford University Press.
    In the wake of the Scientific Revolution, the late seventeenth and eighteenth centuries saw the complete demolition of traditional structures of authority, scientific thought, and belief by the new philosophy and the philosophes, including Voltaire, Diderot, and Rousseau. The Radical Enlightenment played a part in this revolutionary process, which effectively overthrew all justification for monarchy, aristocracy, and ecclesiastical power, as well as man's dominance over woman, theological dominance of education, and slavery. Despite the present day interest in the (...)
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