Search results for 'Entity' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Sort by:
See also:
Bibliography: Token Identity in Metaphysics
Bibliography: Theories of Personal Identity in Metaphysics
Bibliography: Racial Identity in Philosophy of Gender, Race, and Sexuality
Bibliography: Identity in Metaphysics
Bibliography: Personal Identity and Values in Metaphysics
Bibliography: Puzzle Cases in Personal Identity in Metaphysics
Bibliography: Practical Identity in Metaphysics
Bibliography: Mind-Brain Identity Theory in Philosophy of Mind
Bibliography: Personal Identity, Misc in Metaphysics
Bibliography: Psychological Theories of Personal Identity in Metaphysics
...
Other categories were found but are not shown. Use more specific keywords to find others, or browse the categories.
  1. Howard Sankey (2012). Reference, Success and Entity Realism. Kairos 5:31-42.score: 24.0
    The paper discusses the version of entity realism presented by Ian Hacking in his book, Representing and Intervening. Hacking holds that an ontological form of scientific realism, entity realism, may be defended on the basis of experimental practices which involve the manipulation of unobservable entities. There is much to be said in favour of the entity realist position that Hacking defends, especially the pragmatist orientation of his approach to realism. But there are problems with the position. The (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Virgile Chassagnon (forthcoming). Toward a Social Ontology of the Firm: Reconstitution, Organizing Entity, Institution, Social Emergence and Power. Journal of Business Ethics.score: 21.0
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Steve Clarke (2001). Defensible Territory for Entity Realism. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 52 (4):701-722.score: 18.0
    In the face of argument to the contrary, it is shown that there is defensible middle ground available for entity realism, between the extremes of scientific realism and empiricist antirealism. Cartwright's ([1983]) earlier argument for defensible middle ground between these extremes, which depended crucially on the viability of an underdeveloped distinction between inference to the best explanation (IBE) and inference to the most probable cause (IPC), is examined and its defects are identified. The relationship between IBE and IPC is (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Jacob Busch (2006). Entity Realism Meets the Pessimistic Meta-Induction – The World is Not Enough. SATS: Northern European Journal of Philosophy 7 (106):26.score: 18.0
    In the following I briefly set out Devitt's (1997) definition of entity realism and compare it to Hacking's (1983) definition. I then set out the pessimistic induction argument as suggested by Putnam (1978). I present an argument developed by Bertolet (1988) to the effect that Devitt's abductive defence of realism fails. In the light of its failure, Devitt offers the ability of his definition of scientific realism to solve the pessimistic induction argument as a tactical advantage for his definition. (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Victor Cellarius (2011). 'Early Terminal Sedation' is a Distinct Entity. Bioethics 25 (1):46-54.score: 18.0
    There has been much discussion regarding the acceptable use of sedation for palliation. A particularly contentious practice concerns deep, continuous sedation given to patients who are not imminently dying and given without provision of hydration or nutrition, with the end result that death is hastened. This has been called ‘early terminal sedation’. Early terminal sedation is a practice composed of two legally and ethically accepted treatment options. Under certain conditions, patients have the right to reject hydration and nutrition, even if (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Bob Coecke (1998). A Representation for a Spin-S Entity as a Compound System in R3Consisting of 2S Individual Spin-1/2 Entities. Foundations of Physics 28 (8):1347-1365.score: 18.0
    We generalize the results of Ref. 7 for the coherent states of a spin-1 entity to spin-S entities with S > 1 and to noncoherent spin states: through the introduction of “hidden correlations” (see Ref. 8) we introduce a representation for a spin-S entity as a compound system consisting of 2S “individual” spin-1/2 entities, each of them represented by a “proper state,” and such that we are able to consider a measurement on the spin-S entity as a (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Decio Krause, Entity, but No Identity.score: 18.0
    Inspired in Quine's well known slogans “To be is to be the value of a variable” and "No entity without identity", we provide a way of enabling that non-individual entities (as characterized in the text) can also be values of variables of an adequate "regimented" language, once we consider a possible meaning of the background theory Quine reports to ground his view. In doing that, we show that there may exist also entities without identity, and emphasize the importance of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Dirk Greimann (2000). No Entity Without Identity. Grazer Philosophische Studien 60:13-29.score: 18.0
    Quine has persuasively shown that the empiricist "dogma of reductionism", which is the belief that each meaningfiil statement of science can be reduced to statements about immediate sense experience, must be abandoned. However, Quine's methodology of ontology seems to incorporate an analogous physicalistic dogma according to which the identity conditions of each scientifically respectable sort of abstract objects can be reduced to the identity conditions of physical objects. This paper aims to show that the latter dogma must be abandoned, too. (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Christopher D. Manning, Nested Named Entity Recognition.score: 18.0
    Many named entities contain other named entities inside them. Despite this fact, the field of named entity recognition has almost entirely ignored nested named entity recognition, but due to technological, rather than ideological reasons. In this paper, we present a new technique for recognizing nested named entities, by using a discriminative constituency parser. To train the model, we transform each sentence into a tree, with constituents for each named entity (and no other syntactic structure). We present results (...)
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Dan Klein, Named Entity Recognition with Character-Level Models.score: 18.0
    We discuss two named-entity recognition models which use characters and character n-grams either exclusively or as an important part of their data representation. The first model is a character-level HMM with minimal context information, and the second model is a maximum-entropy conditional markov model with substantially richer context features. Our best model achieves an overall F1 of 86.07% on the English test data (92.31% on the development data). This number represents a 25% error reduction over the same model without (...)
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Peter Hucklenbroich (2014). “Disease Entity” as the Key Theoretical Concept of Medicine. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 39 (6):609-633.score: 18.0
    Philosophical debates about the concept of disease, particularly of mental disease, might benefit from reconsideration and a closer look at the established terminology and conceptual structure of contemporary medical pathology and clinical nosology. The concepts and principles of medicine differ, to a considerable extent, from the ideas and notions of philosophical theories of disease. In medical theory, the concepts of disease entity and pathologicity are, besides the concept of disease itself, of fundamental importance, and they are essentially connected to (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Francesco Belfiore (2008). Mind as an Evolving Triadic Entity. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 42:5-12.score: 18.0
    In this paper, through external and internal observation (introspection), it is shown that the human mind (or spirit) can be defined as an evolving, conscious, triadic entity consisting of unitary-multiple components - intellect, sensitiveness, and power - which in turn are made of multiple ideas, sentiments, and actions, respectively. The three mind components are interdependent, each needing the support of the other two for its activity. This interdependence, which is linked to the problem of mind-body relationship, is explained by (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Nikiforos Karamanis (2007). Supplementing Entity Coherence with Local Rhetorical Relations for Information Ordering. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 16 (4):445-464.score: 18.0
    This paper investigates whether the model of local rhetorical coherence suggested in Knott et al. (2001) can boost the performance of the Centering-based metrics of entity coherence employed by Karamanis et al. (2004) for the task of information ordering. Rhetorical coherence is integrated into the way Centering’s basic data structures are derived from the annotated features of the GNOME corpus. The results indicate that (a) the simplest metric continues to perform better than its competitors even when local rhetorical coherence (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Phil Mullins (2006). Comprehension and the 'Comprehensive Entity'. Tradition and Discovery 33 (3):26-43.score: 18.0
    This essay discusses Polanyi sideas about the “comprehensive entity.” It shows how Polanyi’s philosophical perspective emphasizes comprehension. It outlines Polanyi’s careful approach to ontological questions and shows how Marjorie Grene and to some degree Polanyi linked the theory of tacit knowing to ideas in Continental philosophy about being-in-the-world. It suggests that Polanyi’s post-critical philosophical realism, like Peirce srealistn, is more akin to medieval realism than contelnporary discussions.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Christopher D. Manning, An Effective Two-Stage Model for Exploiting Non-Local Dependencies in Named Entity Recognition.score: 18.0
    This paper shows that a simple two-stage approach to handle non-local dependencies in Named Entity Recognition (NER) can outperform existing approaches that handle non-local dependencies, while being much more computationally efficient. NER systems typically use sequence models for tractable inference, but this makes them unable to capture the long distance structure present in text. We use a Conbel.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Michael Anthony Istvan (2013). Análisis Nominalista de Una Entidad Que Está Siendo Caracterizada / “Nominalist Analyses of an Entity Being Charactered. Discusiones Filosóficas 21 (July-December):87-93.score: 18.0
    This paper is intended primarily as a reference tool for participants in the debate between realism and nominalism concerning universals. It provides an exhaustive catalogue of the basic analyses of an entity being charactered that nominalists can employ in both a constituent and nonconstituent ontology.
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. E. J. Lowe (1998). Entity, Identity and Unity. Erkenntnis 48 (2-3):191-208.score: 16.0
    I propose a fourfold categorisation of entities according to whether or not they possess determinate identity-conditions and whether or not they are determinately countable. Some entities – which I call ‘individual objects’ – have both determinate identity and determinate countability: for example, persons and animals. In the case of entities of a kind K belonging to this category, we are in principle always entitled to expect there to be determinate answers to such questions as ‘Is x the same K as (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. P. M. (2001). Cain on Linnaeus: The Scientist-Historian as Unanalysed Entity. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 32 (2):239-254.score: 16.0
    Zoologist A. J. Cain began historical research on Linnaeus in 1956 in connection with his dissatisfaction over the standard taxonomic hierarchy and the rules of binomial nomenclature. His famous 1958 paper 'Logic and Memory in Linnaeus's System of Taxonomy' argues that Linnaeus was following Aristotle's method of logical division without appreciating that it properly applies only to 'analysed entities' such as geometric figures whose essential nature is already fully known. The essence of living things being unanalysed, there is no (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Frank Keil, Conceptualizing a Nonnatural Entity: Anthropomorphism in God Concepts.score: 16.0
    We investigate the problem of how nonnatural entities are represented by examining university students’ concepts of God, both professed theological beliefs and concepts used in comprehension of narratives. In three story processing tasks, subjects often used an anthropomorphic God concept that is inconsistent with stated theological beliefs; and drastically distorted the narratives without any awareness of doing so. By heightening subjects’ awareness of their theological beliefs, we were able to manipulate the degree of anthropomorphization. This tendency to anthropomorphize may be (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Ross Buck (2010). Emotion is an Entity at Both Biological and Ecological Levels: The Ghost in the Machine is Language. Emotion Review 2 (3):286-287.score: 16.0
    In “Emergent Ghosts of the Emotion Machine,” James Coan neglects emotion displays involved in social communication and activity in central neurochemical systems associated with drug-induced changes in feelings and desires. Also, he fails to recognize that emotions are not rigidly bound to action tendencies, but rather have evolved internal signals to afford flexibility of response. Emotion indices naturally lack close coordination because different aspects—physiological arousal, expressive display, subjective experience—are differentially accessible to the responder and interaction partner, and therefore undergo different (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Christopher Manning, Exploiting Context for Biomedical Entity Recognition: From Syntax to the Web.score: 16.0
    We describe a machine learning system for the recognition of names in biomedical texts. The system makes extensive use of local and syntactic features within the text, as well as external resources including the web and gazetteers. It achieves an F- score of 70% on the Coling 2004 NLPBA/BioNLP shared task of identifying five biomedical named entities in the GENIA corpus.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. E. J. Lowe (2008). Two Notions of Being: Entity and Essence. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 83 (62):23-48.score: 15.0
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Harvey R. Brown & Oliver Pooley (2006). Minkowski Space-Time: A Glorious Non-Entity. In Dennis Dieks (ed.), The Ontology of Spacetime. Elsevier. 67--89.score: 15.0
    It is argued that Minkowski space-time cannot serve as the deep structure within a ``constructive'' version of the special theory of relativity, contrary to widespread opinion in the philosophical community.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Caroline Whitbeck (1977). Causation in Medicine: The Disease Entity Model. Philosophy of Science 44 (4):619-637.score: 15.0
    This paper examines the way in which causal relations are understood in the dominant model in contemporary medicine. It argues that the causal relation is not definable in terms of the condition relation, but that in general for conditions of an occurrence to be among its causes they must answer instrumental interests in a certain way, and there are further criteria for distinguishing 'the' cause of a disease (i.e., its etiological agent) from other causal factors, which are based upon instrumental (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Howard Sankey (1995). The Semantic Stance of Scientific Entity Realism. Philosophia 24 (3-4):481-482.score: 15.0
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Oliver Pooley with Ian Gibson, Minkowski Space-Time: A Glorious Non-Entity.score: 15.0
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Howard Sankey (1997). The Semantic Stance of Scientific Entity Realism. Philosophia 25 (1-4):481-482.score: 15.0
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Jack Reynolds (2009). The Master-Slave Dialectic and the 'Sado-Masochistic Entity': Some Objections. Angelaki: Journal of the Theoretical Humanities 14 (3):11-25.score: 15.0
    Hegel’s famous analyses of the ‘master-slave dialectic’, and the more general struggle for recognition which it is a part of, have been remarkably influential throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Bound up with the dominance of this idea, however, has been a corresponding treatment of sadism and masochism as complicit projects that are mutually necessary for one another in a manner that is structurally isomorphic with the way in which master and slave depend on one another. In clinical diagnoses it (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Sunny Auyang, The Ontology of Quantum Fields: Entity and Quality.score: 15.0
    Speculations from God’s position are illusory; we have no access to that position. Ontology concerns not with what exist as God ordains but with what exist as intelligible within the bounds of human understanding. It calls for analyzing not only nature but also the characteristics of our own thinking that make possible analysis and knowledge of nature, so that we do not inadvertently attribute our conceptual contributions to what exist naturally.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. P. F. Strawson (2000). Entity and Identity: And Other Essays. Oxford University Press.score: 15.0
    P. F. Strawson here presents a selection of his shorter writings from the 1970s to the 1990s in the two areas of philosophy to which he has contributed most notably: philosophy of language and Kantian studies. One of these essays is published here for the first time, and one for the first time in English; several others have been difficult to find. A new introduction offers an overview of the essays, their topics, and their interrelations. This book represents some of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. James van Cleve (1991). Entity, Identity, and Actuality: A Critical Review. Philosophical Papers 20 (1):37-50.score: 15.0
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Dale Gottlieb (1978). No Entity Without Identity. Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 9 (2):79-96.score: 15.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Tobias Rosefeldt (2003). Kant's Self: Real Entity and Logical Identity. In Hans-Johann Glock (ed.), Strawson and Kant. Oxford University Press.score: 15.0
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. Mary P. Winsor (2001). Cain on Linnaeus: The Scientist-Historian as Unanalysed Entity. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 32 (2):239-254.score: 15.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Jeffrey Grupp (2004). Problems with the Platonist Exemplification Tie Between Located Entities and an Unlocated Entity. Dialogue 43 (3):491-498.score: 15.0
    Selon une ontologie platonicienne, il faut qu’une exemplification platonicienne lie des particuliers physiques et un universel non localisé pour qu’i! y ait connexion entre propriété et choses. Dans cet article, je discute du lien d’exemplification platonicien, lequel a l’intéressante faculté de lier des entités localisées à une entité non localisée et donc, pour reprendre les mots d’Armstrong, la faculté de traverser le domaine du non spatialement localisé et celui du spatialement localisé. La littérature ne contient à peu près aucune discussion (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Margaret Goldberg (1985). Entity and Antinomy in Tibetan Bsdus Grwa Logic (Part I). Journal of Indian Philosophy 13 (2):273-304.score: 15.0
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Dale Jacquette (1998). Entity and Identity and Other Essays. International Philosophical Quarterly 38 (3):322-323.score: 15.0
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. Robert Hanna (2000). Entity and Identity and Other Essays. Review of Metaphysics 54 (1):172-173.score: 15.0
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Kenneth K. Inada (1971). Whitehead's 'Actual Entity' and the Buddha's Anātman. Philosophy East and West 21 (3):303-316.score: 15.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Margaret Goldberg (1985). Entity and Antinomy in Tibetan Bsdus Grwa Logic. Journal of Indian Philosophy 13 (3):273-304.score: 15.0
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Shujun Bao & Ke Zhang (2012). Xianglan Zhang. Transformation of Thinking on Modern Education: From Entity to Process. Process Studies 41 (1):181-182.score: 15.0
  42. Edmond Wright (1992). The Entity Fallacy in Epistemology. Philosophy 67 (259):33 - 50.score: 15.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. Carlos Bernal (2013). Austin, Hart, and Shapiro: Three Variations on Law as an Entity Grounded in a Social Practice. Rechtstheorie 44 (2):157-188.score: 15.0
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Lenore Langsdorf (1984). The Noema as Intentional Entity: A Critique of Føllesdal. Review of Metaphysics 37 (4):757 - 784.score: 15.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. H. C. Dowdall (1926). The Application of Ward's Psychology to the Legal Problem of Corporate Entity. The Monist 36 (1):111-135.score: 15.0
    The unity of the group mind is a psychoplastic unity. In the group mind subjects are integrated through an object and not objects through a subject. It follows, among many much more important consequences, that a scientific analysis and arrangement of the law relating to corporations should proceed in the manner practically indicated in the Law of Limited Companies, Corporations Sole, Trusts, Bankruptcy, Local Government, and so forth, that is to say, by the estatificatian of interests and not by the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. Benjamin Freedman (1981). The Entity-Restriction of Rights: Notes on a Fashion in Ethics. Metaphilosophy 12 (2):159–168.score: 15.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. Alexander Grau (1999). „No Entity without Identity” — Schellings Identitätsbegriff im Lichte analytischen Denkens. Kant-Studien 90 (1):75-90.score: 15.0
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Angelique M. Reitsma & Jonathan D. Moreno (2003). Surgical Research, an Elusive Entity. American Journal of Bioethics 3 (4):49-50.score: 15.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. Barbara Parsons (1974). On De-Mythologizing Whitehead's Actual Entity. Tulane Studies in Philosophy 23:98-105.score: 15.0
  50. Elof Axel Carlson (2011). The Body as a Biological and Genetic Entity. Social Research: An International Quarterly 78 (2):349-358.score: 15.0
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 1000