Search results for 'Environmental economics' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. John M. Gowdy & Peg Olsen (1994). Further Problems with Neoclassical Environmental Economics. Environmental Ethics 16 (2):161-171.score: 186.0
    We examine the merits of neoclassical environmental economics and discuss alternative approaches to it. We argue that the basic assumptions of the neoclassical approach, embodied in the indifference curve, make that model inappropriate for environmental analysis. We begin by assuming that the basic postulates of the neoclassical model hold and then argue that even this ideal state is incompatible with environmental sustainability. We discuss the role of the discount rate, the exclusive emphasis on marginal choices, and (...)
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  2. Giuseppe Munda (1997). Environmental Economics, Ecological Economics, and the Concept of Sustainable Development. Environmental Values 6 (2):213 - 233.score: 186.0
    This paper presents a systematic discussion, mainly for non-economists, on economic approaches to the concept of sustainable development. As a first step, the concept of sustainability is extensively discussed. As a second step, the argument that it is not possible to consider sustainability only from an economic or ecological point of view is defended; issues such as economic-ecological integration, inter-generational and intra-generational equity are considered of fundamental importance. Two different economic approaches to environmental issues, i.e. neo-classical environmental (...) and ecological economics, are compared. Some key differences such as weak versus strong sustainability, commensurability versus incommensurability and ethical neutrality versus different values acceptance are pointed out. (shrink)
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  3. Steve Vanderheiden (2005). Missing the Forest for the Trees: Justice and Environmental Economics. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 8 (1):51-69.score: 180.0
    The field of environmental economics, while offering powerful tools for the diagnosis of environmental problems and the design of policy solutions to them, is unable to effectively incorporate normative concepts like justice or rights into its method of analysis, and so needs to be supplemented by a consideration of such concepts. I examine the two main schools of thought in environmental economics ? the New Resource Economics and Free Market Environmentalism ? in order to (...)
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  4. Mark Sagoff (1988). Some Problems with Environmental Economics. Environmental Ethics 10 (1):55-74.score: 162.0
    In this essay I criticize the contigent valuation method in resource economics and the concepts of utility and efficiency upon which it is based. I consider an example of this method and argue that it cannot-as it pretends-substitute for public education and political deliberation.
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  5. Mohammed H. I. Dore (1996). The Problem of Valuation in Neoclassical Environmental Economics. Environmental Ethics 18 (1):65-70.score: 162.0
    In this paper I argue that the criterion of valuation in neoclassical economics is flawed because it is not an invariant measure of value. It is invariant only when unrealistically restrictive conditions are imposed on the class of admissible utility functions, which in fact makes it a special case. The only sensible alternative is to turn to classical value theory based on real sacrifices or opportunity costs.
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  6. Roger Paden (1994). Free Trade and Environmental Economics. Agriculture and Human Values 11 (1):47-54.score: 162.0
    In this paper, I argue that there is no essential inconsistency between a well-constructed free trade policy and environmental sound development. From an examination of the concept of “free trade,” I argue that “free trade” must mean “environmentally sustainable trade.” The argument is conceptual in nature. I argue that free trade must mean trade free of subsidies in which the price of a good fairly reflects the costs of its production. I then argue that environmentally unsustainable commodity trade is (...)
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  7. Mark Sagoff (1994). Four Dogmas of Environmental Economics. Environmental Values 3 (4):285 - 310.score: 162.0
    Four dogmas have shaped modern neoclassical economics. The first proposes that markets may fail to allocate resources efficiently, that is, to those willing to pay the most for them. The second asserts that choices, particularly within markets, reveal preferences. The third is the assumption that people always make the choices they expect will benefit them or enhance their welfare. The fourth dogma holds that perfectly competitive markets will allocate resources to their most beneficial uses. This is the doctrine of (...)
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  8. Steven E. Edwards (1987). In Defense of Environmental Economics. Environmental Ethics 9 (1):73-85.score: 158.0
    The appropriateness of economic valuations of the natural environment is defended on the basis of an objective analysis of individuals’ preferences. The egoistic model of “economic man” substantiates economic valuations of instrumental values even when markets do not exist and when consumption and use are not involved. However, “altruistic man’s” genuine commitment to the well-being of others, particularly wildlife and future generations, challenges economic valuations at a fundamental level. In this case, self-interest and an indifference between states of the world (...)
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  9. Clive L. Spash (1993). Economics, Ethics, and Long-Term Environmental Damages. Environmental Ethics 15 (2):117-132.score: 156.0
    Neither environmental economics nor environmental philosophy have adequately examined the moral implications of imposing environmental degradation and ecosystem instability upon our descendants. A neglected aspect of these problems is the supposed extent of the burden that the current generation is placing on future generations. The standard economic position on discounting implies an ethicaljudgment concerning future generations. If intergenerational obligations exist, then two types of intergenerational transfer must be considered: basic distributional transfers and compensatory transfers. Basic transfers (...)
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  10. C. Green (1993). Oil and Water? Environmental Economics and Environmental Ethics. Global Bioethics 6 (1):21-28.score: 150.0
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  11. John H. Cumberland (1995). Economics for the Masses Environmental Economics: An Elementary Introduction R. Kerry Turner David Pearce Ian Bateman. BioScience 45 (1):43-44.score: 150.0
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  12. Peter G. Stillman (1984). Morality, Economics, and Environmental Policy. Environmental Ethics 6 (1):95-96.score: 126.0
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  13. J. Kallo (2001). Peter Kaderjak and John Powell (Eds) Economics for Environmental Policy in Transition Economies. Environmental Values 10 (4):560-560.score: 126.0
     
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  14. Eugene A. Philipps (1990). The Economics of Environmental Quality. Environmental Ethics 101:117.score: 126.0
     
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  15. J. Barkley Rosser, Complex Ecologic-Economic Dynamics and Environmental Policy Forthcoming, Ecological Economics.score: 122.0
    Various complex dynamics in ecologic-economic systems are presented with an emphasis upon models of global warming dynamics and fishery dynamics. Chaotic and catastrophic dynamic patterns are shown to be possible, along with other complex dynamics arising from nonlinearities in such combined systems. Problems associated with amplified oscillations due to these nonlinear interactions in the combined interactions of human economic decisionmaking with ecological dynamics are identified and discussed. Implications for policy are examined with strong recommendations for greater emphasis in particular upon (...)
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  16. Robert Costanza (2001). Visions, Values, Valuation, and the Need for an Ecological Economics All Scientific Analysis is Based on a “Preanalytic Vision,” and the Major Source of Uncertainty About Current Environmental Policies Results From Differences in Visions and World Views. BioScience 51 (6):459-468.score: 120.0
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  17. H. Jaireth (2005). New Environmental Policy Instruments in the European Union: Politics, Economics, and the Implementation of the Packaging Waste Directive. By Ian Bailey. The European Legacy 10 (6):657.score: 120.0
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  18. Fabien Medvecky (2012). Valuing Environmental Costs and Benefits in an Uncertain Future: Risk Aversion and Discounting. Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 5 (1):1-1.score: 96.0
    A central point of debate over environmental policies concerns how future costs and benefits should be assessed. The most commonly used method for assessing the value of future costs and benefits is economic discounting. One often-cited justification for discounting is uncertainty. More specifically, it is risk aversion coupled with the expectation that future prospects are more risky. In this paper I argue that there are at least two reasons for disputing the use of risk aversion as a justification for (...)
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  19. Michael Getzner, Clive L. Spash & Sigrid Stagl (eds.) (2005). Alternatives for Environmental Valuation. Routledge.score: 92.0
    How can we value the environment, this is the crucial issue that this book debates. The critical analyses carried out within the book by such figures as Nick Hanley and Jonathan Aldred are vital to ensuring that future economic growth is not achieved at the expense of our environment.
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  20. Nuttaneeya Ann Torugsa, Wayne O'Donohue & Rob Hecker (2013). Proactive CSR: An Empirical Analysis of the Role of its Economic, Social and Environmental Dimensions on the Association Between Capabilities and Performance. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 115 (2):383-402.score: 80.0
    Proactive corporate social responsibility (CSR) involves business practices adopted voluntarily by firms that go beyond regulatory requirements in order to actively support sustainable economic, social and environmental development, and thereby contribute broadly and positively to society. This empirical study examines the role of the economic, social and environmental dimensions of proactive CSR on the association between three specific capabilities—shared vision, stakeholder management and strategic proactivity—and financial performance in small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Using quantitative data collected from a (...)
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  21. Patricia S. Sánchez-Medina, René Díaz-Pichardo, Angélica Bautista-Cruz & Arcelia Toledo-López (2013). Environmental Compliance and Economic and Environmental Performance: Evidence From Handicrafts Small Businesses in Mexico. Journal of Business Ethics:1-13.score: 80.0
    This research aims to fill a major gap in the relevant literature on small businesses in developing countries, specifically concerning the development of models to better explain economic and environmental performance as a result of environmental compliance, thus moving toward an explanation of the sustainable behavior of these businesses. Data from 186 pottery craft businesses located in three Mexican states (Oaxaca, Puebla and Tlaxcala) reveal that environmental compliance significantly influences economic and environmental performance, with the mediating (...)
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  22. X. H. Meng, S. X. Zeng & C. M. Tam (2013). From Voluntarism to Regulation: A Study on Ownership, Economic Performance and Corporate Environmental Information Disclosure in China. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 116 (1):217-232.score: 72.0
    This article examines whether economic performance could affect EID and how the relationship is determined by the form of ownership from voluntarism to regulation under the current Chinese context. In this study, our empirical results show that the relationship between firms’ performance and EID is complex and the interactive impact of ownership and economic performance on EID significantly varies from voluntary disclosure to mandatory disclosure. This study provides a more comprehensive understanding of the motivations in corporate EID. The performance–impression theory (...)
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  23. Yu-Shu Peng & Shing-Shiuan Lin (2009). National Culture, Economic Development, Population Growth and Environmental Performance: The Mediating Role of Education. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 90 (2):203 - 219.score: 68.0
    Literature on ethical behavior has paid little attention to the mechanism between macro-environmental variables and environmental performance. This study aims at constructing a model to examine the relationships which link cultural values, population growth, economic development, and environmental performance by incorporating the mediating role of education. The multiple linear regression model was employed to test the hypotheses on a 3-year-pooled sample of 51 countries. Empirical results conclude that national culture, economic development, and population growth would significantly influence (...)
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  24. Carmen Bain & Theresa Selfa (2013). Framing and Reframing the Environmental Risks and Economic Benefits of Ethanol Production in Iowa. Agriculture and Human Values 30 (3):351-364.score: 68.0
    Recent research exposing environmental and social externalities of biofuels has undermined the earlier national consensus that they would provide climate mitigation and rural development benefits, but support for ethanol remains strong in Iowa. The objective of this paper is to understand how stakeholder groups in Iowa have framed the benefits and risks associated with ethanol’s impact on the local economy and environment. Our case study draws on in-depth, semi-structured interviews conducted with key informants from agricultural organizations, environmental organizations, (...)
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  25. Padmasiri De Silva (1998). Environmental Philosophy and Ethics in Buddhism. St. Martin's Press.score: 66.0
    This work introduces the reader to the central issues and theories in Western environmental ethics, and against this background develops a Buddhist environmental philosophy and ethics. Drawing material from original sources, there is a lucid exposition of Buddhist environmentalism, its ethics, economics and Buddhist perspectives for environmental education. The work is focused on a diagnosis of the contemporary environmental crisis and a Buddhist contribution for positive solutions. Replete with stories and illustrations from original Buddhist sources, (...)
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  26. Mihaela Iftime (2011). A Nonlinear Method for Measuring the Effects of Environmental Variations. Foundations of Science 16 (4):353-361.score: 66.0
    Ever wonder if it is possible to construct a numeric scale for environmental variables, like one does for the temperature? This paper is an attempt to construct one. There are two main parts: section “Statistical Analysis of Variations” presents a general statistical strategy for environmental factor selection. Section “Nonlinear Analytical Geometric Model of Variations” develops an analytical geometric representation of system variations in response to environmental changes. The model is used to quantify the effects of environmental (...)
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  27. David Geoffrey Holdsworth (2012). Economics and the Limits of Optimization: Steps Towards Extending Bernard Hodgson's Moral Science. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 108 (1):37-48.score: 66.0
    In this essay, my point of departure is Bernard Hodgson’s analysis of neo-classical economic theory and his demonstration that neo-classical economic thought is already a branch of normative theory. I undertake to broaden the demonstration by showing that other contemporary conceptions of economics are also irreducibly normative. The essay begins with an overview of Hodgson’s argument strategy, and a discussion of his thesis that economics is a moral science. This illustrates in what way moral presuppositions are at play (...)
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  28. Harvey S. James Jr (2006). Sustainable Agriculture and Free Market Economics: Finding Common Ground in Adam Smith. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 23 (4):427-438.score: 66.0
    There are two competing approaches to sustainability in agriculture. One stresses a strict economic approach in which market forces should guide the activities of agricultural producers. The other advocates the need to balance economic with environmental and social objectives, even to the point of reducing profitability. The writings of the eighteenth century moral philosopher Adam Smith could bridge the debate. Smith certainly promoted profit-seeking, private property, and free market exchange consistent with the strict economic perspective. However, his writings are (...)
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  29. Paul B. Thompson (2013). F. Bailey Norwood and Jayson L. Lusk: Compassion by the Pound: The Economics of Farm Animal Welfare. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (2):517-521.score: 60.0
    F. Bailey Norwood and Jayson L. Lusk: Compassion by the Pound: The Economics of Farm Animal Welfare Content Type Journal Article Category Book Review Pages 1-5 DOI 10.1007/s10806-012-9377-z Authors Paul B. Thompson, WK Kellogg Professor of Agricultural, Food and Community Ethics, Department of Philosophy, Michigan State University, 503 South Kedzie Hall, East Lansing, MI 48824-1032, USA Journal Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics Online ISSN 1573-322X Print ISSN 1187-7863.
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  30. Jeanne Kay Guelke (2004). Looking for Jesus in Christian Environmental Ethics. Environmental Ethics 26 (2):115-134.score: 60.0
    Jesus’ teachings on neighborliness, frugality, support for the poor, and nonviolence should become more central to Christian environmental ethics. His actionoriented teachings do not explicitly mention nature, yet should have a beneficial collateral effect on environments when practiced by Christian communities. This issue affects Christian economics, simple causality models of environmental beliefs and impacts, and “love of nature” theology.
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  31. Alicia Irene Bugallo & María Teresa La Valle (2012). Some Initial Approaches to Environmental Philosophy in Argentina. Environmental Ethics 34 (4):411-421.score: 60.0
    Specific legislation in Argentina followed in the wake of the 1992 Earth Summit, with increased citizen awareness and growing academic concern from various philosophical perspectives. The current lines of research of the main work groups include (a) interdisciplinary work on environ­mental ethics and global environmental justice focused on natural resources and ecosystems, (b) the ecologically appropriate roots of the cultural heritage of Western civilization, and (c) gestalt ontology, deep ecology, and ecosophy. The emergence of ecophilosophy has required environmental (...)
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  32. Sheila Jasanoff (2012). Science and Public Reason. Routledge.score: 60.0
    This collection of essays by Sheila Jasanoff explores how democratic governments construct public reason, that is, the forms of evidence and argument used in making state decisions accountable to citizens.
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  33. Alfred Endres (2004). Game Theory and Global Environmental Policy. Poiesis and Praxis 3 (s 1-2):123-139.score: 60.0
    Economists interpret global environmental quality to be a pure public good. Each country should contribute to its provision. However, this is hard to achieve because each government is tempted to take a free ride on the other governments' efforts. Not only has this dilemma been analysed with game theoretical methods but game theory has also been used to think about how to make amends. This paper reviews the game theoretical discussion on how international policy frameworks may be designed to (...)
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  34. Robert Frodeman (2004). Environmental Philosophy and the Shaping of Public Policy. Environmental Philosophy 1 (1):6-12.score: 60.0
    The standard approach to environmental issues today is to turn to science, economics, or democratic populism as a means to resolve our environmental debates. Environmental philosophers, on the other hand, focus on the theoretical underpinnings of environmental issues, with possibly a brief reference to a specific case or example. A policy turn in environmental philosophy involves a third way, where philosophers begin from society’s own growing sense of the inadequacy of our conventional ways of (...)
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  35. Michael Lockwood (1999). Humans Valuing Nature: Synthesising Insights From Philosophy, Psychology and Economics. Environmental Values 8 (3):381 - 401.score: 60.0
    A rational process for assessment of environmental policy options should be based on an appreciation of how humans value nature. Increased understanding of values will also contribute to the development of appropriate ways for us to relate to and manage natural areas. Over the past two decades, environmental philosophers have examined the notion that there is an intrinsic value in nature. Economists have attempted to define and measure the market and nonmarket economic values associated with decisions concerning natural (...)
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  36. R. J. Nelson (1979). Ethics and Environmental Decision Making. Environmental Ethics 1 (3):263-278.score: 60.0
    Environmental ethics tends to be dominated by the idea that the right environmental actions require a change in the value systems of many people. I argue that the “rebirth” approach is perverse in that moral attitudes are not easily changed by moral suasion. A properly ethical approach must begin where we are, as moderately moral people desiring the best for all. The real ethical problem is to develop procedures for collectively defining environmental ends that will be fair (...)
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  37. Maria Luisa Eschenhagen (2012). Approaches to Enrique Leff's Environmental Thought. Environmental Ethics 34 (4):423-429.score: 60.0
    Enrique Leff holds that the profound causes of the environmental crisis are founded in dominant ways of knowing; that is to say, the crisis is rooted in the epistemological bases of modernity. Leff has systematically dedicated himself to proposing and constructing concepts that deconstruct modern suppositions, and at the same time, enable new ways of understanding and apprehending the world. His extensive work has succeeded in transcending and forging space for environmental thought, not only in education and (...) philosophy, but also in the areas of economics, sociology, and development. His central argument is that these problems are the result of a crisis of civilization, and he urges all of us to rethink the foundations of modern rationality underlying contemporary global society. (shrink)
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  38. Kenneth Sayre (1991). An Alternative View of Environmental Ethics. Environmental Ethics 13 (3):195-213.score: 60.0
    Environmental ethics continues to be dominated by an in/erential view of ethical theory, according to which moral prescriptions and proscriptions are deduced from general principles, which in turn are arrived at intuitively or by some form of induction. I argue that the inferential approach contributes litde to the pressing need which environmental philosophers have been attempting to address in recent decades-the need for a set of normative values actually in place within industrial society that will help preserve the (...)
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  39. Leire Escajedo San-Epifanio & Mickey Gjerris (2012). Introduction to the Special Issue of the Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics From EURSAFE 2010. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (6):793-796.score: 60.0
    Introduction to the Special Issue of the Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics from EURSAFE 2010 Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-4 DOI 10.1007/s10806-012-9390-2 Authors Leire Escajedo San-Epifanio, Department of Constitutional Law and History of Political Thought, Faculty of Social Sciences and Communication, University of the Basque Country, Bilbao, Spain Mickey Gjerris, Faculty of Science, Institute of Food and Resource Economics, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark Journal Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics Online ISSN 1573-322X Print ISSN (...)
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  40. Eugene C. Hargrove (2008). A Traditional and Multicultural Approach to Environmental Ethics at Primary and Secondary School Levels. Environmental Ethics 30 (3):263-271.score: 60.0
    Translating environmental ethics into something that can be taught at the primary and secondary school levels may never be feasible. In addition, what needs to be taught may vary in different cultures around the world. A good noncontroversial starting point may be to begin with the values that are often listed in the purpose statements of environmental laws. Teachers could teach the history of ideas behind those values and their relationship to environmental concern. This approach is needed (...)
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  41. Robert C. Oelhaf (1979). Environmental Ethics: Atomistic Abstraction or Holistic Affection? Environmental Ethics 1 (4):329-339.score: 60.0
    For conventional economics things have value only to the degree that they give pleasure to individual human beings. In response to continuing environmental deterioration several alternatives have been offered for valuing resources and allocating them between generations. Most of these approaches are highly abstract. The deterioration of the Earth and the mistreatment of its inhabitants will not be stemmed by abstractions. Neither will abstract ideas direct us to the best use of our resources. We need to foster personal (...)
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  42. Paul Wood (2000). The Promotion of Individual Autonomy in Environmental Ethics. Environmental Ethics 22 (1):73-84.score: 60.0
    In his book The Morality of Freedom, Joseph Raz argues that the promotion of personal autonomy can serve as a constitutive principle for a comprehensive political theory. He maintains that three conditions are necessary for attainment of individual autonomy: appropriate mental abilities, an adequate range of options, and independence. In this essay, by focusing on Raz’s conception of an adequate range of options, we suggest that Raz’s theory justifies environmental conservation in general. We present an empirical framework of present-day (...)
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  43. Andrew Brennan (1994). Environmental Literacy and Educational Ideal. Environmental Values 3 (1):3 - 16.score: 60.0
    Environmental literacy is not encouraged by discipline-based education. Discipline-based education is damaging not only because it breaks the link between experience and theory but also because it encourages learners to believe that complex practical problems can be solved using the resources of just one or two specialist disciplines or frameworks of thought. It is argued that discipline-based education has been extremely successful, and its very success is a factor which explains some of our poor thinking about environmental problems. (...)
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  44. Maria Davradou & Paul Wood (2000). The Promotion of Individual Autonomy in Environmental Ethics. Environmental Ethics 22 (1):73-84.score: 60.0
    In his book The Morality of Freedom, Joseph Raz argues that the promotion of personal autonomy can serve as a constitutive principle for a comprehensive political theory. He maintains that three conditions are necessary for attainment of individual autonomy: appropriate mental abilities, an adequate range of options, and independence. In this essay, by focusing on Raz’s conception of an adequate range of options, we suggest that Raz’s theory justifies environmental conservation in general. We present an empirical framework of present-day (...)
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  45. David Pearce (1992). Green Economics. Environmental Values 1 (1):3 - 13.score: 60.0
    Economists assume that people are fundamentally greedy, though not exclusively so. If environmental improvement is to be achieved, it will require policies that use selfishness rather than opposing it. Such policies are to be found in the basics of green economics in which market signals are modified by environmental taxes and tradeable pollution certificates to 'decouple' the economic growth process from its environmental impact. Green economic policies avoid the infringements of human liberties implied in ever stronger (...)
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  46. Mara Rosas-Baños (2013). Nueva Ruralidad desde dos visiones de progreso rural y sustentabilidad: Economía Ambiental y Economía Ecológica. Polis 34.score: 60.0
    El desarrollo local desde principios de los años noventa se encuentra influenciado por una corriente sociológica que propone el replanteamiento teórico de lo que la teoría ha llamado el sector rural. La Nueva Ruralidad en su perspectiva latinoamericana ubica aspectos de cambio fundamental en el territorio rural: encadenamientos urbano-rurales, el empleo rural no agrícola, la provisión de servicios ambientales, las certificaciones agroambientales o “sellos verdes”, los pueblos como centros de servicios, el papel activo de las comunidades y organizaciones sociales, y (...)
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  47. Zhonghua Gao (2004). Huan Jing Wen Ti Jue Ze Lun: Sheng Tai Wen Ming Shi Dai de Li Xing Si Kao. She Hui Ke Xue Wen Xian Chu Ban She.score: 60.0
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