Search results for 'Environmental policy' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  16
    Søren Løkke & Per Christensen (2008). The Introduction of the Precautionary Principle in Danish Environmental Policy: The Case of Plant Growth Retardants. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (3):229-247.
    In this paper, we investigate the Precautionary Principle (PP) in action. Precaution is a fairly new concept in environmental policy. It emerged back in the 1960s but did not consolidate until the 1980s, as it formed part of the major changes taking place in environmental policies at that time. The PP is examined in three contexts. Firstly, we look at the meaning of the concept and how it is disseminated through the media and public discourses to the (...)
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  2.  7
    George Kuk, Smeeta Fokeer & Woan Ting Hung (2005). Strategic Formulation and Communication of Corporate Environmental Policy Statements: UK Firms' Perspective. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 58 (4):375 - 385.
    . This paper suggests that most of the FTSE-listed firms in the United Kingdom use corporate environmental policy statements (CEPS) to communicate their strategic intent of what environmental and social targets to attain, and broad guidelines of how they will progressively achieve all the required changes and new developments. In this paper, we link the contents of CEPS of a sample of FTSE-listed firms (from the chemical, pharmaceutical and food industry that are committed to develop business excellence) (...)
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  3. Frederick Ferré & Peter Härtel (1994). Ethics and Environmental Policy Theory Meets Practice.
     
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  4. Midori Kagawa-Fox (2012). The Ethics of Japan's Global Environmental Policy: The Conflict Between Principles and Practice. Routledge.
     
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  5.  88
    Matthias Kaiser (1997). Fish-Farming and the Precautionary Principle: Context and Values in Environmental Science for Policy. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 2 (2):307-341.
    The paper starts with the assumption that the Precautionary Principle (PP) is one of the most important elements of the concept of sustainability. It is noted that PP has entered international treaties and national law. PP is widely referred to as a central principle of environmental policy. However, the precise content of PP remains largely unclear. In particular it seems unclear how PP relates to science. In section 2 of the paper a general overview of some historical and (...)
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  6.  8
    Humberto D. Rosa & Jorge Marques Da Silva (2005). From Environmental Ethics to Nature Conservation Policy: Natura 2000 and the Burden of Proof. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (2):107-130.
    Natura 2000 is a network of natural sites whose aim is to preserve species and habitats of relevance in the European Union. The policy underlying Natura 2000 has faced widespread opposition from land users and received extensive support from environmentalists. This paper addresses the ethical framework for Natura 2000 and the probable moral assumptions of its main stakeholders. Arguments for and against Natura 2000 were analyzed and classified according to “strong” or “weak” versions of the three main theories of (...)
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  7. Daniel Steel (2014). Philosophy and the Precautionary Principle: Science, Evidence, and Environmental Policy. Cambridge University Press.
    Scholars in philosophy, law, economics and other fields have widely debated how science, environmental precaution, and economic interests should be balanced in urgent contemporary problems, such as climate change. One controversial focus of these discussions is the precautionary principle, according to which scientific uncertainty should not be a reason for delay in the face of serious threats to the environment or health. While the precautionary principle has been very influential, no generally accepted definition of it exists and critics charge (...)
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  8.  24
    Cary Coglianese (1998). Implications of Liberal Neutrality for Environmental Policy. Environmental Ethics 20 (1):41-59.
    The principle of liberal neutrality requires governments to avoid acting to promote particular conceptions of the good life. Yet by determining who uses natural resources and how, environmental policy makers can affect the availability of resources needed by individuals to carry on meaningful lives and in doing so can effectively privilege some versions of the good life at the expense of others. A commitment to liberal neutrality by implication promotes environmental policy that accommodates competing activities in (...)
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  9.  3
    Paul P. Craig, Harold Glasser & Willett Kempton (1993). Ethics and Values in Environmental Policy: The Said and the UNCED. Environmental Values 2 (2):137 - 157.
    While citizens often use non-instrumental arguments to support environmental protection, most governmental policies are justified by instrumental arguments. This paper explores some of the reasons. We interviewed senior policy advisors to four European governments active in global climate change negotiations and the UNCED (United Nations Conference on Environment and Development) process. In response to our questions, a majority of these advisors articulated deeply held personal environmental values. They told us that they normally keep these values separate from (...)
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  10.  2
    Kenneth Shockley (2009). Environmental Policy With Integrity: A Lesson From the Discursive Dilemma. Environmental Values 18 (2):177 - 199.
    In response to what has been called the discursive dilemma, Christian List has argued that the nature of the public agenda facing deliberative bodies indicates the appropriate form of decision procedure or deliberative process. In this paper I consider the particular case of environmental policy where we are faced with pressures not only from deliberators and stakeholders, but also in response to dynamic changes in the environment itself. As a consequence of this dilemma I argue that insofar as (...)
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  11.  42
    Michael Oppenheimer (2006). Science and Environmental Policy: The Role of Nongovernmental Organizations. Social Research: An International Quarterly 73 (3):881-890.
    Public debates on science as it intersects with environmental policy are distorted by interests with resources deployed to amplify aberrant points of view and government that too often misrepresents and dissembles. Strengthening the scientific capabilities of nongovernmental organizations would contribute to maintaining balance in the public debate. To improve the quality of participation by all interests, the scientific culture itself, which could provide a bulwark against misrepresentation, must become more inclusive.
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  12.  45
    Harold Glasser (1996). Naess's Deep Ecology Approach and Environmental Policy. Inquiry 39 (2):157 – 187.
    A clarification of Naess's ?depth metaphor? is offered. The relationship between Naess's empirical semantics and communication theory and his deep ecology approach to ecophilosophy (DEA) is developed. Naess's efforts to highlight significant conflicts by eliminating misunderstandings and promoting deep problematizing are focused upon. These insights are used to develop the implications of the DEA for environmental policy. Naess's efforts to promote the integration of science, ethics, and politics are related to the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). (...)
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  13.  24
    Jonathan Aldred (2002). It's Good to Talk: Deliberative Institutions for Environmental Policy. Philosophy and Geography 5 (2):133 – 152.
    Most applications of cost-benefit analysis in environmental policy, and almost all the controversial cases, involve the use of contingent valuation (CV) surveys. There is now a relatively well-developed critique of CV as a method of public consultation on environmental issues. Theories of deliberative democracy have been invoked which question the individualistic, preference-based calculus of CV. A particular deliberative institution which has recently received much attention is the citizens' jury (CJ). While CJs and other deliberative institutions have come (...)
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  14.  31
    Craig Waddell (1994). Rhetoric of Environmental Policy: From Critical Practice to the Social Construction of Theory. Social Epistemology 8 (3):289 – 310.
    (1994). Rhetoric of environmental policy: From critical practice to the social construction of theory. Social Epistemology: Vol. 8, Public Indifference to Population Issues, pp. 289-310.
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  15.  22
    Robert V. Bartlett (1986). Ecological Rationality: Reason and Environmental Policy. Environmental Ethics 8 (3):221-239.
    Ecological rationality is a concept important to most environmental and natural resources policy and to much policy-relevant literature and research. Yet ecological rationality as a distinctive form of reason can only be understood and appreciated in the context of a larger body of work on the general concept of rationality. In particular, Herbert Simon’s differentiation between substantive and proceduralrationality and Paul Diesing’s specification of forms of practical reason are useful tools in mapping and defining ecological rationality. The (...)
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  16.  5
    Syed Shahbaz Hussain & Pirzada Sami Ullah Sabri (2014). National Environmental Policy Development for Sustainable Economic Growth in Developing Countries: A Case Study of Pakistan. International Journal of Social Quality 4 (1):78-94.
    This article analyzes and explores what policies Pakistan adopted to tackle its environmental challenges, effects and outcomes. The research consists of an overview of Pakistan's national environmental policy development and explains the motives and reasons to understand in what context the state formulates these policies. It also makes assessments and evaluations about to what extent policies are successful in achieving their objectives. The study suggests some implications of the Pakistan experience to cope with the global challenges of (...)
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  17.  14
    Alfred Endres (2004). Game Theory and Global Environmental Policy. Poiesis and Praxis 3 (s 1-2):123-139.
    Economists interpret global environmental quality to be a pure public good. Each country should contribute to its provision. However, this is hard to achieve because each government is tempted to take a free ride on the other governments' efforts. Not only has this dilemma been analysed with game theoretical methods but game theory has also been used to think about how to make amends. This paper reviews the game theoretical discussion on how international policy frameworks may be designed (...)
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  18.  3
    Jason Shaw Parker (2013). Integrating Culture and Community Into Environmental Policy: Community Tradition and Farm Size in Conservation Decision Making. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 30 (2):159-178.
    Community research by anthropologists and sociologists details the effects that centralization of decision making has on local communities. As governance and regulation move toward global scales, conservation policy has devolved to the local levels, creating tensions in resource management and protection. Centralization without local participation can place communities at risk by eroding the environmental knowledge and decision making capacity of local people. Environmental problems such as water quality impairments require perception, interpretation, and ability to act locally. Through (...)
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  19.  20
    Mark Cordano, Irene Hanson Frieze & Kimberly M. Ellis (2004). Entangled Affiliations and Attitudes: An Analysis of the Influences on Environmental Policy Stakeholders' Behavioral Intentions. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 49 (1):27-40.
    We examined attitudes as one potential influence on the behavioral intentions of three stakeholder groups commonly in conflict. Business managers (n = 97), government environmental regulators (n = 69), and active members of pro-environmental groups (n = 49) were surveyed to assess the differences among these groups in their attitudes toward property rights, environmental regulation, and technology. We compared the influence of these attitudes and stakeholder group affiliation on intentions to engage in pro-environmental behavior. The attitudes (...)
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  20.  28
    Ben A. Minteer (ed.) (2009). Nature in Common?: Environmental Ethics and the Contested Foundations of Environmental Policy. Temple University Press.
    This important book brings together leading environmental thinkers to debate a central conflict within environmental philosophy: Should we appreciate nature ...
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  21. Andrew Jordan (1995). Implementation Failure or Policy Making? How Do We Theorise the Implementation of European Union Environmental Legislation? Centre for Social and Economic Research on the Global Environment.
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  22.  6
    Emmanuel K. Yiridoe (2000). Risk of Public Disclosure in Environmental Farm Plan Programs: Characteristics and Mitigating Legal and Policy Strategies. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 13 (1):101-120.
    Although various studies have shown thatfarmers believe there is the need for a producer-ledinitiative to address the environmental problems fromagriculture, farmers in several Canadian provinceshave been reluctant to widely participate inEnvironmental Farm Plan (EFP) programs. Few studieshave examined the key issues associated with adoptingEFP programs based on farmers', as opposed to policymakers', perspectives on why producers are reluctantto participate in the program. A study adapting VanRaaij's (1981) conceptual model of the decision-makingenvironment of the firm, and prospect theory on valuefunctions (...)
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  23.  4
    Charles T. Rubin (1989). Environmental Policy and Environmental Thought: Commoner and Ruckelshaus. Environmental Ethics 11 (1):27-51.
    A close examination of the major works of Barry Commoner provides insight into some of the assumptions that characterize current environmental debate, particularly over the risk/benefit approach brought to the EPA by William Ruckelshaus . Commoner’s analysis of environmental problems depends much more on what Ruckelshaus would call his own “vision of how we want the world to be” than on scientificfindings. I trace this vision through Commoner’s commitment to socialist political change to a profound belief in the (...)
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  24.  1
    Kris van Koppen & David Goldsborough (1990). Information Technology in Municipal Environmental Policy: Automated Registration, Sure, but What About Expert Systems? [REVIEW] Knowledge, Technology & Policy 3 (3):91-98.
    Dutch municipalities are confronted with an increased number of prescribed environmental tasks and also with a growing demand, both from the central government and environmental pressure groups, to undertake environmental activities on their own initiative. This development over-taxed the information management of most municipalities. In the past few years, computer technology was introduced to relieve part of this pressure (e.g., by automation of registration systems). In this article we present a classification of computer applications for environmental (...)
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  25. Jay Odenbaugh (2001). Ecological Stability, Model Building, and Environmental Policy: A Reply to Some of the Pessimism. Philosophy of Science 68 (S1):S493-.
    Recently, there has been a rise in pessimism concerning what theoretical ecology can offer conservation biologists in the formation of reasonable environmental policies. In this paper, I look at one of the pessimistic arguments offered by Kristin Shrader-Frechette and E. D. McCoy (1993, 1994)--the argument from conceptual imprecision. I suggest that their argument rests on an inadequate account of the concepts of ecological stability and that there has been conceptual progress with respect to complexity-stability hypotheses. Such progress, I maintain, (...)
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  26.  18
    Mikael Stenmark (2009). The Relevance of Environmental Ethical Theories for Policy Making. In Ben A. Minteer (ed.), Environmental Ethics. Temple University Press 135-148.
    I address the issue of whether differences in ethical theory have any relevance for the practical issues of environmental management and policy making. Norton’s answer, expressed as a convergence hypothesis, is that environmentalists are evolving toward a consensus in policy even though they remain divided regarding basic values. I suggest that there are good reasons for rejecting Norton’s position.I elaborate on these reasons, first, by distinguishing between different forms of anthropocentrism and nonanthropocentrism, second, by contrasting the different (...)
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  27.  21
    Mikael Stenmark (2002). The Relevance of Environmental Ethical Theories for Policy Making. Environmental Ethics 24 (2):135-148.
    I address the issue of whether differences in ethical theory have any relevance for the practical issues of environmental management and policy making. Norton’s answer, expressed as a convergence hypothesis, is that environmentalists are evolving toward a consensus in policy even though they remain divided regarding basic values. I suggest that there are good reasons for rejecting Norton’s position.I elaborate on these reasons, first, by distinguishing between different forms of anthropocentrism and nonanthropocentrism, second, by contrasting the different (...)
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  28.  42
    Andrew Brennan (2006). Globalization, Environmental Policy and the Ethics of Place. Ethics, Place and Environment 9 (2):133 – 148.
    Globalization is hailed by its advocates as a means of spreading cosmopolitan values, ideals of sustainability and better standards of living all around the world. Its critics, however, see globalization as a new form of colonialism imposed by rich countries and transnational corporations on the rest of the world, a process in which the rhetoric of sustainability and equality does not match the realities of exploitation and impoverishment of people and nature. This paper endorses neither view. Globalization is not new, (...)
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  29. Vanesa Castán Broto, Claudia Carter & Lucia Elghali (2008). Environmental Policy in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Post-Socialism Development and Local Governance. In R. C. Hillerbrand & R. Karlsson (eds.), Beyond the Global Village. Environmental Challenges Inspiring Global Citizenship. The Interdisciplinary Press
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  30.  13
    J. Barkley Rosser, Complex Ecologic-Economic Dynamics and Environmental Policy Forthcoming, Ecological Economics.
    Various complex dynamics in ecologic-economic systems are presented with an emphasis upon models of global warming dynamics and fishery dynamics. Chaotic and catastrophic dynamic patterns are shown to be possible, along with other complex dynamics arising from nonlinearities in such combined systems. Problems associated with amplified oscillations due to these nonlinear interactions in the combined interactions of human economic decisionmaking with ecological dynamics are identified and discussed. Implications for policy are examined with strong recommendations for greater emphasis in particular (...)
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  31.  7
    Peter G. Stillman (1984). Morality, Economics, and Environmental Policy. Environmental Ethics 6 (1):95-96.
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  32.  17
    Samuel Snyder (2010). Minteer, Ben A. (Ed.): Nature in Common? Environmental Ethics and the Contested Foundations of Environmental Policy. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 23 (6):595-599.
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  33.  4
    Juha Hiedanpää & Daniel W. Bromley (2013). The Stakeholder Game: Pleadings and Reasons in Environmental Policy. Journal of Speculative Philosophy 27 (4):425-441.
    A commitment to receive input from stakeholders is often obligatory in the crafting of environmental policies. This requirement is presumed to satisfy certain conditions of democracy. The need for stakeholder input is quite intuitive; public decision makers want to know what their constituents—or at least a limited number of them—think about certain issues. At the same time, individuals, groups, communities, and various interest groups want to learn about the plans that authoritative agencies have concerning those things that affect their (...)
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  34.  7
    John Opie (2001). Managing the Environment, Managing Ourselves: A History of American Environmental Policy. Environmental Ethics 23 (2):219-222.
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  35.  5
    Steve Vanderheiden (2007). Understanding Environmental Policy. Environmental Ethics 29 (4):443-444.
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  36.  10
    Ragnar E. Löfstedt (1995). Making Environmental Policy. Science and Engineering Ethics 1 (3):315-316.
    His particular research interests are in the area of risk communication and management, especially as to how it affects and influences the making of a nation’s energy and environmental policies.
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  37.  9
    Amitrajeet A. Batabyal (2001). J. B. Braden and S. Proost, Editors, the Economic Theory of Environmental Policy in a Federal System; A. Cornwell and J. Creedy, Environmental Taxes and Economic Welfare; G. Atkinson, R. Dubourg, K. Hamilton, M. Munasinghe, D. Pearce, and C. Young, Measuring Sustainable Development: Macroeconomics and the Environment; R. Nau, E. Gronn, M. Machina, and O. Bergland, Editors, Economic and Environmental Risk and Uncertainty: New Models and Methods. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14 (1):97-103.
  38.  6
    David Schlosberg (2010). American Environmental Policy, 1990–2006. Environmental Ethics 32 (2):221-222.
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  39.  1
    Dr Ragnar E. Löfstedt (1995). Making Environmental Policy. Science and Engineering Ethics 1 (3):315-316.
    His particular research interests are in the area of risk communication and management, especially as to how it affects and influences the making of a nation’s energy and environmental policies.
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  40. M. S. Andersen (2000). Philip Lowe and Stephen Ward (Eds) British Environmental Policy and Europe. Environmental Values 9 (2):258-258.
     
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  41. K. Arzt (2005). The Challenges of Stakeholder Participation: Agri-Environmental Policy. In Michael Getzner, Clive L. Spash & Sigrid Stagl (eds.), Alternatives for Environmental Valuation. Routledge 244--262.
     
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  42. J. J. Boersema (2001). How to Prepare for the Unknown? On the Significance of Future Generations and Future Studies in Environmental Policy. Environmental Values 10 (1):35-58.
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  43. Lin Gan (1992). Global Environmental Policy in Social Contexts: The Case of China. Knowledge and Policy 5 (4):30-50.
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  44. Andrew Gilg (2015). Christopher McGrory Klyza and David J. Sousa, American Environmental Policy: Beyond Gridlock. Environmental Values 24 (1):137-139.
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  45. C. Helm & U. E. Simonis (2001). Distributive Justice in International Environmental Policy: Axiomatic Foundation and Exemplary Formulation. Environmental Values 10 (1):5-18.
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  46. Peter Kaderjak & John Powell (2001). Economics for Environmental Policy in Transition Economies: An Analysis of the Hungarian Experience. Environmental Values 10 (4):560-561.
     
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  47. J. Kallo (2001). Peter Kaderjak and John Powell (Eds) Economics for Environmental Policy in Transition Economies. Environmental Values 10 (4):560-560.
     
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  48. J. Kohn (2001). R. Kemp Environmental Policy and Technological Change. Environmental Values 10 (2):280-281.
     
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  49. Philip Lowe & Stephen Ward (2000). British Environmental Policy and Europe: Politics and Policy in Transition. Environmental Values 9 (2):258-259.
     
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  50. Joan Martinez-Alier (1993). Distributional Obstacles to International Environmental Policy: The Failures at Rio and Prospects After Rio. Environmental Values 2 (2):97-124.
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