Search results for 'Environmental responsibility' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  30
    Xingqiang Du, Wei Jian, Quan Zeng & Yingjie Du (2013). Corporate Environmental Responsibility in Polluting Industries: Does Religion Matter? Journal of Business Ethics 124 (3):1-23.
    Using a sample of Chinese listed firms in polluting industries for the period of 2008–2010, we empirically investigate whether and how Buddhism, China’s most influential religion, affects corporate environmental responsibility (CER). In this study, we measure Buddhist variables as the number of Buddhist monasteries within a certain radius around Chinese listed firms’ registered addresses. In addition, we hand-collect corporate environmental disclosure scores based on the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) sustainability reporting guidelines. Using hand-collected Buddhism data and corporate (...)
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  2.  31
    Yongtae Kim & Meir Statman (2012). Do Corporations Invest Enough in Environmental Responsibility? Journal of Business Ethics 105 (1):115-129.
    Proponents of corporate environmental responsibility argue that corporations shortchange shareholders by investing too little in environmental responsibility. They claim that corporations can improve their financial performance by increasing their investment in environmental responsibility. Opponents of corporate social responsibility argue that corporations shortchange shareholders by investing too much in environmental responsibility. They claim that corporations can improve their financial performance by reducing their investment in environmental responsibility. Yet, others claim that (...)
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  3.  7
    X. H. Meng, S. X. Zeng, C. M. Tam & X. D. Xu (2013). Whether Top Executives' Turnover Influences Environmental Responsibility: From the Perspective of Environmental Information Disclosure. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 114 (2):341-353.
    We have empirically examined the relationship between top executives’ turnover and the corporate environmental responsibility by identifying the influence of ten specific turnover reasons resulting in the chairman’s departure and two important types of chairman’s succession. Using a sample of 782 manufacturing listed companies across 3 years in China, we find that the corporate environmental responsibility is negatively associated with the involuntary and negative turnover (i.e., dismissal, health and death, and forced resignation) and positively associated with (...)
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  4.  43
    Mao He & Juan Chen (2009). Sustainable Development and Corporate Environmental Responsibility: Evidence From Chinese Corporations. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (4):323-339.
    China is currently experiencing rapid economic growth. The price of this, however, is environment pollution. Many Chinese corporations are lacking in corporate environmental responsibility (CER). Therefore, this study employs data from Chinese and multinational corporations to identify why Chinese corporations seldom engage in CER by investigating their motivations and stakeholders. The results show that the most important reason why Chinese corporations do not engage in CER is the fact that their competitive strategy of cost cutting makes them limited (...)
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  5.  4
    Li Cai & Chaohua He (2013). Corporate Environmental Responsibility and Equity Prices. Journal of Business Ethics 125 (4):1-19.
    This paper uses an innovative way to screen stocks and analyzes the relationship between corporate environmental responsibility and long-run stock returns. By our definition, an environmentally responsible (green) company gives no environmental concern and shows environmental strength(s). Using 20 years’ data of 1992–2011, we find evidence that environmentally responsible company outperforms, in the 4th to 7th year after the screening year. An equal-weighted environmentally responsible portfolio earned an annual four-factor alpha of 4.06 % in the 4th (...)
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  6. Jessica Nihlén Fahlquist (2009). Moral Responsibility for Environmental Problems—Individual or Institutional? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (2):109-124.
    The actions performed by individuals, as consumers and citizens, have aggregate negative consequences for the environment. The question asked in this paper is to what extent it is reasonable to hold individuals and institutions responsible for environmental problems. A distinction is made between backward-looking and forward-looking responsibility. Previously, individuals were not seen as being responsible for environmental problems, but an idea that is now sometimes implicitly or explicitly embraced in the public debate on environmental problems is (...)
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  7.  25
    Noushi Rahman & Corinne Post (2012). Measurement Issues in Environmental Corporate Social Responsibility (ECSR): Toward a Transparent, Reliable, and Construct Valid Instrument. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 105 (3):307-319.
    One of the major roadblocks in conducting Environmental Corporate Social Responsibility (ECSR) research is operationalization of the construct. Existing ECSR measurement tools either require primary data gathering or special subscriptions to proprietary databases that have limited replicability. We address this deficiency by developing a transparent ECSR measure, with an explicit coding scheme, that strictly relies on publicly available data. Our ECSR measure tests favorably for internal consistency and inter-rater reliability, as well as convergent and discriminant validity.
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  8.  19
    Haylee Uecker-Mercado & Matthew Walker (2012). The Value of Environmental Social Responsibility to Facility Managers: Revealing the Perceptions and Motives for Adopting ESR. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 110 (3):269-284.
    This study is grounded in the debate surrounding the perceived value of environmental social responsibility (ESR). Applying the Managerial Theory of the Firm, in-depth interviews were conducted to identify managerial motives, perceptions, and perceived value of ESR. Using sport and public assembly facilities as the research context, environmentally responsible information was obtained from facility managers who were members of the International Association of Venue Managers. In total, 15 one-hour, interviews with key facility personnel demonstrate that (1) internal stakeholder (...)
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  9.  7
    Haiying Lin (2012). Cross-Sector Alliances for Corporate Social Responsibility Partner Heterogeneity Moderates Environmental Strategy Outcomes. Journal of Business Ethics 110 (2):219-229.
    This article provides a new mechanism in understanding how partner heterogeneity moderates an alliance's ability to advance corporate social responsibility goals. I identified the antecedents for firms to select a more diverse set of partners and explored whether more diverse alliances (especially cross-sector alliances) may facilitate partners to achieve more proactive environmental outcomes. I employ 146 environmental alliances formed in the U.S. between 1990 and 2009 to test the assertions. Results suggest that firms with innovative orientation and (...)
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  10.  2
    Hoje Jo, Hakkon Kim & Kwangwoo Park (2015). Corporate Environmental Responsibility and Firm Performance in the Financial Services Sector. Journal of Business Ethics 131 (2):257-284.
    In this study, we examine whether corporate environmental responsibility plays a role in enhancing operating performance in the financial services sector. Because achieving success with CER investing is often a long-term process, we maintain that by effectively investing in CER, executives can decrease their firms’ environmental costs, thereby enhancing operating performance. By employing a unique environmental dataset covering 29 countries, we find that the reducing of environmental costs takes at least 1 or 2 years before (...)
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  11.  17
    A. Salama, K. Anderson & J. S. Toms (2011). Does Community and Environmental Responsibility Affect Firm Risk? Evidence From UK Panel Data 1994–2006. Business Ethics 20 (2):192-204.
    The question of how an individual firm's social and environmental performance impacts its firm risk has not been examined in any empirical UK research. Does a company that strives to attain good environmental performance decrease its market risk or is environmental performance just a disadvantageous cost that increases such risk levels for these firms? Answers to this question have important implications for the management of companies and the investment decisions of individuals and institutions. The purpose of this (...)
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  12.  13
    Ty Raterman (2012). Bearing the Weight of the World: On the Extent of an Individual's Environmental Responsibility. Environmental Values 21 (4):417 - 436.
    To what extent is any individual morally obligated to live environmentally sustainably? In answering this, I reject views I see as constituting two extremes. On one, it depends entirely on whether there exists a collective agreement; and if no such agreement exists, no one is obligated to reduce her/his consumption or pollution unilaterally. On the other, the lack of a collective agreement is morally irrelevant, and regardless of what others are doing, each person is obligated to limit her/his pollution and (...)
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  13.  41
    Georges Enderle (1997). In Search of a Common Ethical Ground: Corporate Environmental Responsibility From the Perspective of Christian Environmental Stewardship. Journal of Business Ethics 16 (2):173-181.
    In recent years, corporate environmental policies have become urgently needed, demanded by influential environmentalist groups and launched by an increasing number of companies. Those demands and efforts, however, often lack an ethical underpinning. This paper deals with some basic ethical issues and outlines three perspectives for further investigation: How can we take into account ethical pluralism that characterizes most contemporary societies?; What is the content of environmental ethics viewed from a Christian perspective, taken as an example of various (...)
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  14. Joe DesJardins (1998). Corporate Environmental Responsibility. Journal of Business Ethics 17 (8):825 - 838.
    This paper offers directions for the continuing dialogue between business ethicists and environmental philosophers. I argue that a theory of corporate social responsibility must be consistent with, if not derived from, a model of sustainable economics rather than the prevailing neoclassical model of market economics. I use environmental examples to critique both classical and neoclassical models of corporate social responsibility and sketch the alternative model of sustainable development. After describing some implications of this model at the (...)
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  15.  8
    Peihua Sheng, Linda Chang & Warren A. French (1994). Business's Environmental Responsibility in Taiwan — Moral, Legal or Negotiated. Journal of Business Ethics 13 (11):887 - 897.
    This study explores both the negotiating styles and moral reasoning processes of business people and governmental officials in Taiwan, so as to provide a footing for outsiders when negotiating with Taiwanese over environmental concerns. Findings imply that Taiwanese business people and governmental officials can and will reason both at the conventional level and at the postconventional level of moral judgment. But, results of this study also indicate that Taiwanese negotiating styles do not necessarily match their levels of moral reasoning. (...)
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  16.  1
    S. Shah (2011). Social and Environmental Responsibility: Case Study of Hindustan Unilever Ltd. Journal of Human Values 17 (1):23-42.
    Since the times of yore, the Indian culture has always laid importance on service to society as an important responsibility of the business/trader community. The society and local community is the resource pool from which any organization gets its manpower and also so to say ‘the license to operate’. The society is the entity to which an organization owes its existence. Any organization must pay its due in various ways to this important constituency. Though a number of models and (...)
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  17.  26
    Irene Goll & Abdul A. Rasheed (2004). The Moderating Effect of Environmental Munificence and Dynamism on the Relationship Between Discretionary Social Responsibility and Firm Performance. Journal of Business Ethics 49 (1):41-54.
    This study examines the relationships between a company''s emphasis on discretionary social responsibility, environment, and firm performance. It tests the proposition that environmental munificence and dynamism moderate the relationship between discretionary social responsibility and financial performance. Social responsibility was measured with a three-item scale in a sample of 62 firms using a questionnaire. Environmental munificence and dynamism were measured using archival sources as was financial performance (return on assets and return on sales). The results of (...)
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  18.  17
    Richard Blundel, Adrian Monaghan & Christine Thomas (2013). SMEs and Environmental Responsibility: A Policy Perspective. Business Ethics 22 (3):246-262.
    Environmental policies to promote environmentally sustainable economic activity have often concentrated on larger firms. However, increasing attention is being paid to the role of small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and entrepreneurial actors. In this paper, we examine how policy tools are being used to improve the environmental performance of SMEs and to redirect entrepreneurial energies in more environmentally benign directions. The empirical section adopts a case-based comparative method to examine four instances of policymaking, drawn from different countries and (...)
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  19. Jerome A. Stone (2014). Redacted Dominionism: A Biblical Approach to Grounding Environmental Responsibility by Christopher Cone. Environmental Ethics 36 (3):383-384.
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  20.  5
    Li Cai, Jinhua Cui & Hoje Jo (forthcoming). Corporate Environmental Responsibility and Firm Risk. Journal of Business Ethics.
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  21.  1
    A. Salama, K. Anderson & J. S. Toms (2011). Does Community and Environmental Responsibility Affect Firm Risk? Evidence From UK Panel Data 1994-2006. Business Ethics: A European Review 20 (2):192-204.
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  22.  18
    J. Angelo Corlett (1996). Corporate Responsibility for Environmental Damage. Environmental Ethics 18 (2):195-207.
    I set forth and defend an analysis of corporate moral responsibility, which, I argue, ought to serve as the foundation for corporate legal responsibility, punishment, and compensation for environmental damage caused by corporations.
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  23.  3
    Jung Wan Lee, Young Min Kim & Young Ei Kim (forthcoming). Antecedents of Adopting Corporate Environmental Responsibility and Green Practices. Journal of Business Ethics.
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  24.  10
    John J. Fitzgerald (2014). Together Again, Naturally?: Pope Benedict XVI and the Fourteenth Dalai Lama on Our Environmental Responsibility. Journal of Catholic Social Thought 11 (2):465-500.
  25.  3
    Hakkon Kim, Kwangwoo Park & Doojin Ryu (forthcoming). Corporate Environmental Responsibility: A Legal Origins Perspective. Journal of Business Ethics.
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  26. Nigel Dower (1989). Ethics and Environmental Responsibility. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  27.  15
    Jeffery Smith (2005). Market Failures, Political Solutions and Corporate Environmental Responsibility. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 24 (1/2):131-139.
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  28.  11
    J. Angelo Corlett (1996). Corporate Responsibility for Environmental Damage. Environmental Ethics 18 (2):195-207.
    I set forth and defend an analysis of corporate moral responsibility (retrospective moral liability), which, I argue, ought to serve as the foundation for corporate legal responsibility, punishment, and compensation for environmental damage caused by corporations.
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  29.  9
    Robin Attfield (1990). Ethics and Environmental Responsibility. Philosophical Books 31 (3):172-173.
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  30.  1
    Tuomo Takala (1996). From Social Responsibility to Environmental Responsibility-Changes in the Finnish Business Discourse From 1970 to 1995. Electronic Journal of Business Ethics and Organization Studies 1 (1).
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  31. Richard Blundel, Adrian Monaghan & Christine Thomas (2013). SMEs and Environmental Responsibility: A Policy Perspective. Business Ethics: A European Review 22 (3):246-262.
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  32. Joseph DesJardins (2002). Environmental Responsibility. In Norman E. Bowie (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Business Ethics. Blackwell 244--264.
     
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  33. Georges Enderle (1997). In Search of a Common Ethical Ground: Corporate Environmental Responsibility a From the Perspective of Christian. Journal of Business Ethics 16:173-181.
     
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  34. Darryl Macer (2012). Editorial: Bioethics and Environmental Responsibility. Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 22 (3):93-93.
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  35. S. Shah (2014). Natural Environmental Responsibility in Indian Corporations: A Mixed-Method Study. Journal of Human Values 20 (2):129-151.
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  36. Jeffery Smith (2005). Market Failures, Political Solutions and Corporate Environmental Responsibility. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 24 (1):131-139.
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  37.  55
    D. B. Resnik (2007). Responsibility for Health: Personal, Social, and Environmental. Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (8):444-445.
    Most of the discussion in bioethics and health policy concerning social responsibility for health has focused on society’s obligation to provide access to healthcare. While ensuring access to healthcare is an important social responsibility, societies can promote health in many other ways, such as through sanitation, pollution control, food and drug safety, health education, disease surveillance, urban planning and occupational health. Greater attention should be paid to strategies for health promotion other than access to healthcare, such as (...) and public health and health research.Lifestyle plays a major role in most of the illnesses in industrialised nations.1 Six of the 10 leading factors contributing to the global burden of disease are lifestyle related: unsafe sex, high blood pressure, tobacco use, alcohol use, high cholesterol and obesity.2 Lifestyle-related illnesses also contribute to the rising costs of healthcare. Spending on healthcare accounts for about 16% of the gross domestic product in the USA, or US$1.9 trillion.3 Although smoking has declined steadily there since the 1960s, smoking-related medical expenses are still about US$75.5 billion per year.4 Obesity, which has been climbing in the past two decades, accounts for about US$75 billion in healthcare costs there each year.5 Alcoholism and drug addiction in the USA account for annual healthcare costs of about US$22.5 billion and US$12 billion, respectively.6,7 Federal government spending on healthcare relating to HIV/AIDS is over US$13 billion per year.8Given the well-documented relationship between lifestyle, disease burden and healthcare costs, it makes economic and medical sense to hold individuals morally responsible for their health-related choices. While this view has a great deal of intuitive appeal, it also faces numerous objections.9–12 First, holding individuals entirely responsible for their own health conflicts with medicine’s obligation to treat the sick and society’s obligation …. (shrink)
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  38.  33
    Richard H. Guerrette (1986). Environmental Integrity and Corporate Responsibility. Journal of Business Ethics 5 (5):409 - 415.
    Environmental disasters like Bhopal have a way of calling attention to environmental and corporate ethical issues. This paper discusses these issues in terms of a livable environment as an inalienable right and of corporate responsibility as an philosophical and social psychological disposition that enables corporations to respect that right. The corporate conscience is compared to the individual conscience and analyzed according to the moral development theories of Lawrence Kohlberg. Its moral development is recognized as problematic from the (...)
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  39.  2
    Min‐Dong Paul Lee (2009). Does Ownership Form Matter for Corporate Social Responsibility? A Longitudinal Comparison of Environmental Performance Between Public, Private, and Joint‐Venture Firms. Business and Society Review 114 (4):435-456.
    ABSTRACTThis study examines whether a firm's ownership form has any influence on its social performance. Conventional wisdom suggests that public corporations are more susceptible to corruption and socially irresponsible behavior than privately owned corporations because of the intense short‐term profit maximization pressure from shareholders and the lack of sufficient monitoring mechanisms. This study introduces an alternate perspective in thinking about the relationship between ownership form and corporate social responsibility. This study reasons that public corporations are more likely to become (...)
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  40.  2
    Lisa Sideris (2003). Environmental Ethics, Ecological Theology, and Natural Selection: Suffering and Responsibility. Columbia University Press.
    Lisa Sideris proposes a new way of thinking about the natural world, an environmental ethic that incorporates the ideas of natural selection and values the processes rather than the products of nature.
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  41. Hub Zwart (2004). Environmental Pollution and Professional Responsibility: Ibsen's A Public Enemy as a Seminar on Science Communication and Ethics. Environmental Values 13 (3):349-372.
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  42.  25
    Lucie Middlemiss (2010). Reframing Individual Responsibility for Sustainable Consumption: Lessons From Environmental Justice and Ecological Citizenship. Environmental Values 19 (2):147-167.
    In this paper I consider the concept of responsibility within sustainable consumption. The paper was inspired by interviews with individuals engaged in community action for sustainability, where respondents held a rather individualistic conception of responsibility. In order to develop a deeper understanding of responsibility I compare sustainable consumption, environmental justice and ecological citizenship literatures. This leads me to develop a new conceptual framework which explains responsibility in relation to the ecological footprint. This framework recognises both (...)
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  43.  30
    Daejoong Kim & Yoonjae Nam (2012). Corporate Relations with Environmental Organizations Represented by Hyperlinks on the Fortune Global 500 Companies' Websites. Journal of Business Ethics 105 (4):475-487.
    This study investigates corporate relationships with environmental organizations by examining hyperlinks in the corporate environmental responsibility (CER) sections of the Fortune 2008 Global 500 corporate websites. It is assumed that hyperlinked organizations either represent their current inter-organizational relationship or create symbolic relationships among organizations. Results show that Asian companies have fewer hyperlink relations with other organizations compared with those in North America and Western Europe. Network analysis also confirms that U.S. companies are explicitly connected with stakeholders for (...)
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  44.  11
    Arpana Dhar (2003). Ethical Responsibility Towards Environmental Degradation. Indian Philosophical Quarterly 30 (4).
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  45.  5
    Amama Shaukat, Yan Qiu & Grzegorz Trojanowski (forthcoming). Board Attributes, Corporate Social Responsibility Strategy, and Corporate Environmental and Social Performance. Journal of Business Ethics.
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  46.  5
    Zelong Wei, Hao Shen, Kevin Zheng Zhou & Julie Juan Li (forthcoming). How Does Environmental Corporate Social Responsibility Matter in a Dysfunctional Institutional Environment? Evidence From China. Journal of Business Ethics.
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  47.  4
    Alan B. Carter (1990). Book Review:Environmental Accidents: Personal Injury and Public Responsibility. Richard H. Gaskins. [REVIEW] Ethics 100 (4):901-.
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  48. Anton Leist (2014). Why Participate in Pro-Environmental Action? Individual Responsibility in Unstructured Collectives. Analyse & Kritik 36 (2).
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  49. Bellarmine Nneji (2010). Eco-Responsibility: The Cogency for Environmental Ethics in Africa. Essays in Philosophy 11 (1):5.
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  50.  53
    Stelios C. Zyglidopoulos (2002). The Social and Environmental Responsibilities of Multinationals: Evidence From the Brent Spar Case. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 36 (1-2):141 - 151.
    This paper argues that multinational corporations face levels of environmental and social responsibility higher than their national counterparts. Drawing on the literatures of stakeholder salience, corporate reputation management, and evidence from the confrontation between Shell and Greenpeace over the Brent Spar, in 1995, two mechanisms – international reputation side effects, and foreign stakeholder salience – are identified and their contribution in creating an environment more restrictive, in terms of environmental and social responsibility, is elaborated on. The (...)
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