Search results for 'Environmental sciences' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. William T. Blackstone, Mo Danforth Foundation Louis & Franklin College of Arts and Sciences (1974). Philosophy & Environmental Crisis.
     
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  2. Peter J. Bowler (1993). The Norton History of the Environmental Sciences.
     
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  3. Jay Odenbaugh (2010). Philosophy of the Environmental Sciences. In P. D. Magnus & Jacob Busch (eds.), New Waves in Philosophy of Science. Palgrave Macmillan
    In this essay, I consider three philosophical issues that arise in the environmental sciences. First, these sciences depend on mathematical models and simulations which are highly idealized and are coupled with very uncertain data. Why should we trust these models and simulations? Second, in standard hypothesis testing, the burden of proof is in favor of the null hypothesis which claims some causal factor has no effect. The alternative hypothesis is accepted only when the likelihood of the null (...)
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  4.  35
    Kevin C. Elliott (2009). The Ethical Significance of Language in the Environmental Sciences: Case Studies From Pollution Research. Ethics, Place and Environment 12 (2):157 – 173.
    This paper examines how ethically significant assumptions and values are embedded not only in environmental policies but also in the language of the environmental sciences. It shows, based on three case studies associated with contemporary pollution research, how the choice of scientific categories and terms can have at least four ethically significant effects: influencing the future course of scientific research; altering public awareness or attention to environmental phenomena; affecting the attitudes or behavior of key decision makers; (...)
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  5. L. J. Jordanova, Roy Porter & British Society for the History of Science (1979). Images of the Earth Essays in the History of the Environmental Sciences.
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  6.  4
    W. Norton, Michael P. Brown, Paul Cloke, Jo Little, Verena Andermatt Conley, Irene Diamond, Peter Dickens, Roger Gottlieb, Olavi Grano & Anssi Paasi (1999). Adams, Guy and Balfour, Danny (1998) Unmasking Administrative Evil, Thousand Oaks: Sage. Allen, Beverly and Russo, Mary (1997) Revisioning Italy: National Identity and Global Culture, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Bowler, Peter (1992) The Norton History of the Environmental Sciences, New York: W. [REVIEW] Ethics, Place and Environment 2 (1).
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  7. M. Neil Browne (2002). The Mandate for Interdisciplinarity in Science Education: The Case of Economic and Environmental Sciences. Science and Education 11 (5):513-522.
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  8. Ludmilla Jordanova, Roy Porter & D. Oldroyd (1999). Earth Sciences-Images of the Earth: Essays in the History of the Environmental Sciences. Annals of Science 56 (3):326-327.
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  9. Rachel Laudan (1980). Images of the Earth: Essays in the History of the Environmental Sciences by L. J. Jordanova; R. S. Porter. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 71:498-499.
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  10. Peter Worsley (1985). Physical Geography and the Natural Environmental Sciences. In R. J. Johnston (ed.), The Future of Geography. Methuen 27--42.
     
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  11.  9
    Ricardo Rozzi, J. Armesto & Robert Frodeman (2008). Integrating Ecological Sciences and Environmental Ethics Into Biocultural Conservation in South American Temperate Subantarctic Ecosystems. Environmental Ethics 30:229-234.
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  12.  4
    Robert Frodeman (2008). Integrating Ecological Sciences and Environmental Ethics Into Biocultural Conservation. Environmental Ethics 30 (3):229-234.
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    Ricardo Rozzi, Juan J. Armesto & Robert Frodeman (2008). Integrating Ecological Sciences and Environmental Ethics Into Biocultural Conservation. Environmental Ethics 30 (3):229-234.
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  14. Helen M. Rozwadowski (2004). Internationalism, Environmental Necessity, and National Interest: Marine Science and Other Sciences. [REVIEW] Minerva 42 (2):127-149.
    In 1902, eight northern European nations formed the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES). A turn-of-the-century international movement created opportunities, funding, and political support for marine science. This paper uses ICES as a lens for examining international cooperation, and shows how its sponsors benefited from the intersection of internationalist ideals, national interest, and the characteristics of the marine environment. Marine science is then compared to other field sciences to explore how these three factors promoted internationalism in (...)
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  15.  11
    David B. Resnik (2008). Research Ethics Consultation at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. American Journal of Bioethics 8 (3):40 – 42.
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  16.  3
    Daniel A. Vallero (2010). The New Bioethics: Reintegration of Environmental and Biomedical Sciences. Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine 1 (4):269-271.
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  17.  6
    J. Baird Callicott (1999). Beyond the Land Ethic: More Essays in Environmental Philosophy. State University of New York Press.
    A leading theorist addresses a wide spectrum of topics central to the field of environmental philosophy.
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  18. Andrew Light & Eric Katz (eds.) (1996). Environmental Pragmatism. Routledge.
    Environmental pragmatism is a new strategy in environmental thought: it argues that theoretical debates are hindering the ability of the environmental movement to forge agreement on basic policy imperatives. This new direction in environmental philosophy moves beyond theory, advocating a serious inquiry into the practical merits of moral pluralism. Environmental pragmatism, as a coherent philosophical position, connects the methodology of classical American pragmatist thought to the explanation, solution and discussion of real issues.
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  19.  33
    Sahotra Sarkar (2005). Biodiversity and Environmental Philosophy: An Introduction. Cambridge University Press.
    This book explores the epistemological and ethical issues at the foundations of environmental philosophy, emphasizing the conservation of biodiversity. Sahota Sarkar criticizes previous attempts to attribute intrinsic value to nature and defends an anthropocentric position on biodiversity conservation based on an untraditional concept of transformative value. Unlike other studies in the field of environmental philosophy, this book is as much concerned with epistemological issues as with environmental ethics. It covers a broad range of topics, including problems of (...)
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  20.  2
    Arran Gare (1995). Postmodernism and the Environmental Crisis. Routledge.
    Postmodernism and the Environmental Crisis is the only book to combine cultural theory and environmental philosophy. In it, Arran Gare analyses the conjunction between the environmental crisis, the globalisation of capitalism and the disintegration of the culture of modernity. It explains the paradox of growing concern for the environment and the paltry achievements of environmental movements. Through a critique of the philosophies underlying approaches to the environmental crisis, Arran Gare puts forward his own, controversial theory (...)
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  21. Andrew Light & Avner de-Shalit (2003). Moral and Political Reasoning in Environmental Practice. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  22.  45
    Christopher Belshaw (2001). Environmental Philosophy: Reason, Nature, and Human Concern. Acumen.
    As anxiety about environmental change and its effects grows, we need to understand both the scientific processes and the ethical and aesthetic judgments involved in deciding which changes we should welcome and promote and which we should try to avoid. In Environmental Philosophy Christopher Belshaw examines the current debates on the environment, focusing on questions of value while also taking into account relevant issues in epistemology and metaphysics. Beginning with an overview of current concerns, Belshaw locates our attitudes (...)
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  23. Hugh P. McDonald (2003). John Dewey and Environmental Philosophy. State University of New York Press.
    A comprehensive look at how John Dewey's ethics can inform environmental issues.
     
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  24. Lori Gruen & Dale Jamieson (eds.) (1994). Reflecting on Nature: Readings in Environmental Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
    The first anthology to highlight the problems of environmental justice and sustainable development, Reflecting on Nature provides a multicultural perspective on questions of environmental concern, featuring contributions from feminist and minority scholars and scholars from developing countries. Selections examine immediate global needs, addressing some of the most crucial problems we now face: biodiversity loss, the meaning and significance of wilderness, population and overconsumption, and the human use of other animals. Spanning centuries of philosophical, naturalist, and environmental reflection, (...)
     
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  25. J. Baird Callicott & Clare Palmer (eds.) (2005). Environmental Philosophy: Critical Concepts in the Environment. Routledge.
    This collection gathers classic, influential, and important papers in environmental philosophy ranging from the late 1960s and early 1970s to the present. The volumes explore environmental ethics, epistemological, metaphysical, and comparative worldview questions raised by environmental concerns. The set also represents a genuinely global and international focus, and includes a full index and new introductions by the editors.
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  26. Don E. Marietta, Lester Embree, Lloyd C. Irland & Peter C. List (1996). Environmental Philosophy and Environmental Activism. Environmental Values 5 (1):93-94.
     
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  27. Rom Harré, Jens Brockmeier & Peter Mühlhäuser (1999). Greenspeak a Study of Environmental Discourse. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  28. Robert Frodeman & Victor R. Baker (eds.) (2000). Earth Matters: The Earth Sciences, Philosophy, and the Claims of Community. Prentice Hall.
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  29.  13
    Derek Wall (1994). Green History: A Reader in Environmental Literature, Philosophy, and Politics. Routledge.
    Charting the origins of the modern ecology movement over more than two thousand years, this volume gives a voice to those hidden from history, revealing "green" themes within artistic and scientific thought. This title available in eBook format. Click here for more information . Visit our eBookstore at: www.ebookstore.tandf.co.uk.
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  30. Paul H. Gobster & R. Bruce Hull (2000). Restoring Nature Perspectives From the Social Sciences and Humanities. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  31. Mara Goldman, Paul Nadasdy & Matt Turner (eds.) (2011). Knowing Nature, Transforming Ecologies: Science, Power, and Practice in Environmental Science and Management. University of Chicago Press.
  32.  18
    Dale Jamieson (ed.) (2001). A Companion to Environmental Philosophy. Blackwell.
    This ground-breaking volume contains thirty-six original articles exemplifying the rich diversity of scholarship in this field.
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  33.  8
    John O'Neill, R. Kerry Turner & Ian Bateman (eds.) (2002). Environmental Ethics and Philosophy. [Edward Elgar Pub.].
  34. Edward Page & John L. R. Proops (2003). Environmental Thought. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  35. John Llewelyn (2004). Seeing Through God: A Geophenomenology. Indiana University Press.
    Playing on the various meanings of Seeing Through God, John Llewelyn explores the act of looking in the wake of the death of the transcendent God of metaphysics. Taking up strategies developed by the Western sciences for seeing and observing, he finds that the so-called tough-minded practices of the physical sciences are very much at home with the so-called tender-minded practices of Eastern religions. Instead of opposing East and West, Llewelyn thinks that blending these spheres leads to a (...)
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  36. Andrew Jordan (1995). Implementation Failure or Policy Making? How Do We Theorise the Implementation of European Union Environmental Legislation? Centre for Social and Economic Research on the Global Environment.
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  37.  16
    Mary Tiles (2009). Technology and the Possibility of Global Environmental Science. Synthese 168 (3):433 - 452.
    Global environmental science, in its current configuration as predominantly interdisciplinary earth systems analysis, owes its existence to technological development in three respects. (1) Environmental impacts of globalization of corporate and military industrial development linked to widespread use of new technologies prompted investigation of ways to understand and anticipate the global nature of such impacts. (2) Extension of the reach of technology itself demands extension of attempts to anticipate and control the environment in which the technology is to function. (...)
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  38.  1
    Christoph Baumberger, Deborah Mühlebach & Gertrude Hirsch Hadorn (2015). Enhancing Argumentative Skills in Environmental Science Education. GAIA 24 (3):206-208.
    Dealing with complex problems often requires argumentative skills that go beyond the natural abilities even of gifted students and lecturers. We sketch how to reconstruct and evaluate arguments and outline how the fostering of argumentative skills is integrated into the curriculum in <span class='Hi'>Environmental</span> Sciences at the Department of <span class='Hi'>Environmental</span> Systems Sciences (USYS) of ETH Zurich.
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  39.  25
    Mihaela Iftime (2011). A Nonlinear Method for Measuring the Effects of Environmental Variations. Foundations of Science 16 (4):353-361.
    Ever wonder if it is possible to construct a numeric scale for environmental variables, like one does for the temperature? This paper is an attempt to construct one. There are two main parts: section “Statistical Analysis of Variations” presents a general statistical strategy for environmental factor selection. Section “Nonlinear Analytical Geometric Model of Variations” develops an analytical geometric representation of system variations in response to environmental changes. The model is used to quantify the effects of environmental (...)
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  40.  15
    John Lemons (1983). Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide: Environmental Ethics and Environmental Facts. Environmental Ethics 5 (1):21-32.
    Environmental philosophers often assurne that we lack metaethical concepts and normative criteria for environmental decisions, but that we have all the facts we need from the environmental sciences. This is contested in the case of our obligation to future generations as affected by current decisions regarding increased fossil fuel use, decisions which affect both the inlmediate and long-range future, and whichmust be made deliberately or by default before we know the long-term effects of increased carbon dioxide (...)
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  41.  6
    Dayuan Xue & Clem Tisdell (2002). Global Trade in GM Food and the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety: Consequences for China. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15 (4):337-356.
    The UN Cartagena Protocol onBiosafety adopted in Montreal, 29 January, 2000and opened for signature in Nairobi, 15–26 May,2000 will exert a profound effect oninternational trade in genetically modifiedorganisms (GMOs) and their products. In thispaper, the potential effects of variousarticles of the Protocol on international tradein GMOs are analyzed. Based on the presentstatus of imports of GMOs and domestic researchand development of biotechnology in China,likely trends in imports of foreign GM food andrelated products after China accedes to WTO isexplored. Also, China's (...)
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  42.  6
    Thomas Faunce (2012). Governing Planetary Nanomedicine: Environmental Sustainability and a UNESCO Universal Declaration on the Bioethics and Human Rights of Natural and Artificial Photosynthesis (Global Solar Fuels and Foods). [REVIEW] NanoEthics 6 (1):15-27.
    Abstract Environmental and public health-focused sciences are increasingly characterised as constituting an emerging discipline—planetary medicine. From a governance perspective, the ethical components of that discipline may usefully be viewed as bestowing upon our ailing natural environment the symbolic moral status of a patient. Such components emphasise, for example, the origins and content of professional and social virtues and related ethical principles needed to promote global governance systems and policies that reduce ecological stresses and pathologies derived from human overpopulation, (...)
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  43.  29
    Brett Buchanan (2008). Onto-Ethologies: The Animal Environments of Uexküll, Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty, and Deleuze. State University of New York Press.
    Jakob von Uexküll's theories of life -- Biography and historical background -- Nature's conformity with plan -- Umweltforschung -- Biosemiotics -- Concluding remarks -- Marking a path into the environments of animals -- The essential approach to the organism -- Heidegger and the biologists -- Paths to the world -- Disruptive behavior : Heidegger and the captivated animal -- The worldless stone -- The poor animal -- For example, three bees and a lark -- Animal morphology -- A shocking wealth (...)
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  44.  4
    V. P. J. Arponen (2014). The Cultural Causes of Environmental Problems. Environmental Ethics 36 (2):133-149.
    In a range of human sciences, the human relationship to nature has often been viewed as driven fundamentally by religious, philosophical, political, and scientific ideas as well as values and norms about nature. As others have argued before, the emphasis on ideas and values faces serious problems in heeding the structural, socioeconomic quality of the human relationship to nature and thereby the deeply problematic structural character of the human environmental burden. At the same time, alleviating the structural (...) burden generated by global industrial market society represents arguably the single most challenging task in addressing environmental problems. Critically explicating the tendency of our intellectual culture to produce ideological and psychologistic explanations of human ecologically consequential action, and human action more generally, can clarify the notion of the cultural causes of environmental problems and the character of the human collective causing them. Only a structuralist point of view can accommodate the diversity of our positions and perspectives toward nature in the global context in which environmental problems are caused. (shrink)
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  45. Judith N. Scoville (1995). Value Theory and Ecology in Environmental Ethics: A Comparison of Rolston and Niebuhr. Environmental Ethics 17 (2):115-133.
    The objective of Holmes Rolston, III’s writings has been the development of an “ecologically formed” environmental ethics based both on environmental values and ecological description. I show how recasting Rolston’s value theory in terms of H. Richard Niebuhr’s relational value theory can clarify and strengthen this project. Niebuhr developed a theory of value in which value is found in relationships and value systems are constructed in relation to centers of value. Niebuhr’s contextual method, with which Rolston’s methodology has (...)
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  46.  65
    Jeffrey E. Foss (2008). Beyond Environmentalism: A Philosophy of Nature. Wiley.
    Beyond Environmentalism is the first book of its kind to present a timely and relevant analysis of environmentalism.
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  47. Eugene N. Anderson (1996). Ecologies of the Heart Emotion, Belief, and the Environment. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  48. David Arnold (1996). The Problem of Nature Environment, Culture and European Expansion.
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  49.  2
    Michel Serres & Felicia McCarren (1992). The Natural Contract. Critical Inquiry 19 (1):1-21.
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  50.  9
    Michael S. Carolan (2008). The Multidimensionality of Environmental Problems: The GMO Controversy and the Limits of Scientific Materialism. Environmental Values 17 (1):67 - 82.
    This paper argues for a broader understanding of complexity; an understanding that speaks to the multidimensionality of environmental problems. As argued, environmental problems rest upon ontological, epistemological, and moral claims; they rest, in other words, upon statements about what is, knowledge, and what ought to be, respectively. To develop and illustrate this argument, the GMO (genetically modified organism) controversy is broken down according to these three dimensions. Dissecting environmental problems in this manner reveals why we cannot look (...)
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