Search results for 'Environmental sciences' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Jay Odenbaugh (2010). Philosophy of the Environmental Sciences. In P. D. Magnus & Jacob Busch (eds.), New Waves in Philosophy of Science. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 182.0
    In this essay, I consider three philosophical issues that arise in the environmental sciences. First, these sciences depend on mathematical models and simulations which are highly idealized and are coupled with very uncertain data. Why should we trust these models and simulations? Second, in standard hypothesis testing, the burden of proof is in favor of the null hypothesis which claims some causal factor has no effect. The alternative hypothesis is accepted only when the likelihood of the null (...)
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  2. Kevin C. Elliott (2009). The Ethical Significance of Language in the Environmental Sciences: Case Studies From Pollution Research. Ethics, Place and Environment 12 (2):157 – 173.score: 180.0
    This paper examines how ethically significant assumptions and values are embedded not only in environmental policies but also in the language of the environmental sciences. It shows, based on three case studies associated with contemporary pollution research, how the choice of scientific categories and terms can have at least four ethically significant effects: influencing the future course of scientific research; altering public awareness or attention to environmental phenomena; affecting the attitudes or behavior of key decision makers; (...)
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  3. M. Neil Browne (2002). The Mandate for Interdisciplinarity in Science Education: The Case of Economic and Environmental Sciences. Science and Education 11 (5):513-522.score: 152.0
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  4. Ludmilla Jordanova, Roy Porter & D. Oldroyd (1999). Earth Sciences-Images of the Earth: Essays in the History of the Environmental Sciences. Annals of Science 56 (3):326-327.score: 152.0
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  5. W. Norton, Michael P. Brown, Paul Cloke, Jo Little, Verena Andermatt Conley, Irene Diamond, Peter Dickens, Roger Gottlieb, Olavi Grano & Anssi Paasi (1999). Adams, Guy and Balfour, Danny (1998) Unmasking Administrative Evil, Thousand Oaks: Sage. Allen, Beverly and Russo, Mary (1997) Revisioning Italy: National Identity and Global Culture, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Bowler, Peter (1992) The Norton History of the Environmental Sciences, New York: W. [REVIEW] Ethics, Place and Environment 2 (1).score: 150.0
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  6. Stephen R. Carpenter, E. Virginia Armbrust, Peter W. Arzberger, F. Stuart Chapin, James J. Elser, Edward J. Hackett, Anthony R. Ives, Peter M. Kareiva, Mathew A. Leibold, Per Lundberg, Marc Mangel, Nirav Merchant, William W. Murdoch, Margaret A. Palmer, Debra P. C. Peters, Steward T. A. Pickett, Kathleen K. Smith, Diana H. Wall & Ann S. Zimmerman (2009). Accelerate Synthesis in Ecology and Environmental Sciences. BioScience 59 (8):699-701.score: 150.0
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  7. Stephen R. Carpenter, E. Virginia Armbrust, Peter W. Arzberger, F. Stuart Chapin Iii, James J. Elser, Edward J. Hackett, Anthony R. Ives, Peter M. Kareiva, Mathew A. Leibold & Per Lundberg (2009). Accelerate Synthesis in Ecology and Environmental Sciences. BioScience 59 (8):699-701.score: 150.0
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  8. Karen P. J. Fortuin, C. S. A. van Koppen & Rik Leemans (2011). The Value of Conceptual Models in Coping with Complexity and Interdisciplinarity in Environmental Sciences Education. BioScience 61 (10):802-814.score: 150.0
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  9. Peter Worsley (1985). Physical Geography and the Natural Environmental Sciences. In R. J. Johnston (ed.), The Future of Geography. Methuen. 27--42.score: 150.0
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  10. Mara Goldman, Paul Nadasdy & Matt Turner (eds.) (2011). Knowing Nature, Transforming Ecologies: Science, Power, and Practice in Environmental Science and Management. University of Chicago Press.score: 130.0
  11. Mary Tiles (2009). Technology and the Possibility of Global Environmental Science. Synthese 168 (3):433 - 452.score: 128.0
    Global environmental science, in its current configuration as predominantly interdisciplinary earth systems analysis, owes its existence to technological development in three respects. (1) Environmental impacts of globalization of corporate and military industrial development linked to widespread use of new technologies prompted investigation of ways to understand and anticipate the global nature of such impacts. (2) Extension of the reach of technology itself demands extension of attempts to anticipate and control the environment in which the technology is to function. (...)
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  12. Ricardo Rozzi, Juan J. Armesto & Robert Frodeman (2008). Integrating Ecological Sciences and Environmental Ethics Into Biocultural Conservation. Environmental Ethics 30 (3):229-234.score: 126.0
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  13. Robert Frodeman (2008). Integrating Ecological Sciences and Environmental Ethics Into Biocultural Conservation. Environmental Ethics 30 (3):229-234.score: 126.0
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  14. Helen M. Rozwadowski (2004). Internationalism, Environmental Necessity, and National Interest: Marine Science and Other Sciences. [REVIEW] Minerva 42 (2):127-149.score: 126.0
    In 1902, eight northern European nations formed the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES). A turn-of-the-century international movement created opportunities, funding, and political support for marine science. This paper uses ICES as a lens for examining international cooperation, and shows how its sponsors benefited from the intersection of internationalist ideals, national interest, and the characteristics of the marine environment. Marine science is then compared to other field sciences to explore how these three factors promoted internationalism in (...)
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  15. Ricardo Rozzi, J. Armesto & Robert Frodeman (2008). Integrating Ecological Sciences and Environmental Ethics Into Biocultural Conservation in South American Temperate Subantarctic Ecosystems. Environmental Ethics 30:229-234.score: 126.0
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  16. David B. Resnik (2008). Research Ethics Consultation at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. American Journal of Bioethics 8 (3):40 – 42.score: 120.0
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  17. Daniel A. Vallero (2010). The New Bioethics: Reintegration of Environmental and Biomedical Sciences. Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine 1 (4):269-271.score: 120.0
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  18. Jennie Moehlmann (1992). Washington Watch: National Academy of Sciences Panel Reviews Environmental Research. BioScience 42 (4):299-299.score: 120.0
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  19. Ricardo Rozzi (1999). The Reciprocal Links Between Evolutionary-Ecological Sciences and Environmental Ethics. BioScience 49 (11):911.score: 120.0
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  20. Satish K. Walia (1989). Toxin Eaters Environmental Biotechnology. Reducing Risks From Environmental Chemicals Through Biotechnology. Basic Life Sciences Vol. 45 G. S. Omenn. [REVIEW] BioScience 39 (9):650-651.score: 120.0
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  21. Andrew Light & Eric Katz (eds.) (1996). Environmental Pragmatism. Routledge.score: 96.0
    Environmental pragmatism is a new strategy in environmental thought: it argues that theoretical debates are hindering the ability of the environmental movement to forge agreement on basic policy imperatives. This new direction in environmental philosophy moves beyond theory, advocating a serious inquiry into the practical merits of moral pluralism. Environmental pragmatism, as a coherent philosophical position, connects the methodology of classical American pragmatist thought to the explanation, solution and discussion of real issues.
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  22. Christopher Belshaw (2001). Environmental Philosophy: Reason, Nature, and Human Concern. Acumen.score: 96.0
    As anxiety about environmental change and its effects grows, we need to understand both the scientific processes and the ethical and aesthetic judgments involved in deciding which changes we should welcome and promote and which we should try to avoid. In Environmental Philosophy Christopher Belshaw examines the current debates on the environment, focusing on questions of value while also taking into account relevant issues in epistemology and metaphysics. Beginning with an overview of current concerns, Belshaw locates our attitudes (...)
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  23. Sahotra Sarkar (2005). Biodiversity and Environmental Philosophy: An Introduction. Cambridge University Press.score: 96.0
    This book explores the epistemological and ethical issues at the foundations of environmental philosophy, emphasizing the conservation of biodiversity. Sahota Sarkar criticizes previous attempts to attribute intrinsic value to nature and defends an anthropocentric position on biodiversity conservation based on an untraditional concept of transformative value. Unlike other studies in the field of environmental philosophy, this book is as much concerned with epistemological issues as with environmental ethics. It covers a broad range of topics, including problems of (...)
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  24. J. Baird Callicott & Clare Palmer (eds.) (2005). Environmental Philosophy: Critical Concepts in the Environment. Routledge.score: 96.0
    This collection gathers classic, influential, and important papers in environmental philosophy ranging from the late 1960s and early 1970s to the present. The volumes explore environmental ethics, epistemological, metaphysical, and comparative worldview questions raised by environmental concerns. The set also represents a genuinely global and international focus, and includes a full index and new introductions by the editors.
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  25. Lori Gruen & Dale Jamieson (eds.) (1994). Reflecting on Nature: Readings in Environmental Philosophy. Oxford University Press.score: 96.0
    The first anthology to highlight the problems of environmental justice and sustainable development, Reflecting on Nature provides a multicultural perspective on questions of environmental concern, featuring contributions from feminist and minority scholars and scholars from developing countries. Selections examine immediate global needs, addressing some of the most crucial problems we now face: biodiversity loss, the meaning and significance of wilderness, population and overconsumption, and the human use of other animals. Spanning centuries of philosophical, naturalist, and environmental reflection, (...)
     
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  26. Matthias Kaiser (1997). Fish-Farming and the Precautionary Principle: Context and Values in Environmental Science for Policy. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 2 (2):307-341.score: 92.0
    The paper starts with the assumption that the Precautionary Principle (PP) is one of the most important elements of the concept of sustainability. It is noted that PP has entered international treaties and national law. PP is widely referred to as a central principle of environmental policy. However, the precise content of PP remains largely unclear. In particular it seems unclear how PP relates to science. In section 2 of the paper a general overview of some historical and systematic (...)
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  27. Dale Jamieson (ed.) (2001). A Companion to Environmental Philosophy. Blackwell.score: 90.0
    This ground-breaking volume contains thirty-six original articles exemplifying the rich diversity of scholarship in this field.
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  28. Derek Wall (1994). Green History: A Reader in Environmental Literature, Philosophy, and Politics. Routledge.score: 90.0
    Charting the origins of the modern ecology movement over more than two thousand years, this volume gives a voice to those hidden from history, revealing "green" themes within artistic and scientific thought. This title available in eBook format. Click here for more information . Visit our eBookstore at: www.ebookstore.tandf.co.uk.
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  29. John O'Neill, R. Kerry Turner & Ian Bateman (eds.) (2002). Environmental Ethics and Philosophy. [Edward Elgar Pub.].score: 90.0
  30. Robert Frodeman & Victor R. Baker (eds.) (2000). Earth Matters: The Earth Sciences, Philosophy, and the Claims of Community. Prentice Hall.score: 90.0
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  31. Stephen Bocking (2012). Science, Salmon, and Sea Lice: Constructing Practice and Place in an Environmental Controversy. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 45 (4):681 - 716.score: 74.0
    Over the last three decades salmon aquaculture has become both a significant coastal industry and a focus of controversy regarding its environmental impacts. Both circumstances have also provoked a great deal of environmental research. This article examines one episode in the history of this research. The Broughton Archipelago is a region of islands and channels on the Pacific coast of Canada, densely populated with salmon farms. Beginning in 2001 this region attracted researchers from several institutions, who examined the (...)
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  32. Mara Goldman, Paul Nadasdy & Matt Turner (eds.) (2011). Knowing Nature: Conversations at the Intersection of Political Ecology and Science Studies. University of Chicago Press.score: 72.0
    Knowing Nature brings together political ecologists and science studies scholars to showcase the key points of encounter between the two fields and how this ...
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  33. William J. McKinney (1996). Prediction and Rolston's Environmental Ethics: Lessons From the Philosophy of Science. Science and Engineering Ethics 2 (4):429-440.score: 70.0
    Rolston (1988) argues that in order to act ethically in the environment, moral agents must assume that their actions are potentially harmful, and then strive to prove otherwise before implementing that action. In order to determine whether or not an action in the environment is harmful requires the tools of applied epistemology in order to act in accord with Rolston’s ethical prescription. This link between ethics and epistemology demands a closer look at the relationship between confirmation theory, particularly notions of (...)
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  34. M. W. Lefor & Roland C. Clement (eds.) (1996). Determinism and Uniformitarianism in Science Vs. Aton Forest: Transcript of the First Aton Forest Forum, October 28, 1995. Aton Forest, Inc..score: 70.0
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  35. Tom Wakeford & Martin Walters (eds.) (1995). Science for the Earth: Can Science Make the World a Better Place? J. Wiley.score: 70.0
     
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  36. Mihaela Iftime (2011). A Nonlinear Method for Measuring the Effects of Environmental Variations. Foundations of Science 16 (4):353-361.score: 68.0
    Ever wonder if it is possible to construct a numeric scale for environmental variables, like one does for the temperature? This paper is an attempt to construct one. There are two main parts: section “Statistical Analysis of Variations” presents a general statistical strategy for environmental factor selection. Section “Nonlinear Analytical Geometric Model of Variations” develops an analytical geometric representation of system variations in response to environmental changes. The model is used to quantify the effects of environmental (...)
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  37. John Lemons (1983). Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide: Environmental Ethics and Environmental Facts. Environmental Ethics 5 (1):21-32.score: 66.0
    Environmental philosophers often assurne that we lack metaethical concepts and normative criteria for environmental decisions, but that we have all the facts we need from the environmental sciences. This is contested in the case of our obligation to future generations as affected by current decisions regarding increased fossil fuel use, decisions which affect both the inlmediate and long-range future, and whichmust be made deliberately or by default before we know the long-term effects of increased carbon dioxide (...)
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  38. Thomas Faunce (2012). Governing Planetary Nanomedicine: Environmental Sustainability and a UNESCO Universal Declaration on the Bioethics and Human Rights of Natural and Artificial Photosynthesis (Global Solar Fuels and Foods). [REVIEW] NanoEthics 6 (1):15-27.score: 66.0
    Abstract Environmental and public health-focused sciences are increasingly characterised as constituting an emerging discipline—planetary medicine. From a governance perspective, the ethical components of that discipline may usefully be viewed as bestowing upon our ailing natural environment the symbolic moral status of a patient. Such components emphasise, for example, the origins and content of professional and social virtues and related ethical principles needed to promote global governance systems and policies that reduce ecological stresses and pathologies derived from human overpopulation, (...)
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  39. Dayuan Xue & Clem Tisdell (2002). Global Trade in GM Food and the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety: Consequences for China. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15 (4):337-356.score: 66.0
    The UN Cartagena Protocol onBiosafety adopted in Montreal, 29 January, 2000and opened for signature in Nairobi, 15–26 May,2000 will exert a profound effect oninternational trade in genetically modifiedorganisms (GMOs) and their products. In thispaper, the potential effects of variousarticles of the Protocol on international tradein GMOs are analyzed. Based on the presentstatus of imports of GMOs and domestic researchand development of biotechnology in China,likely trends in imports of foreign GM food andrelated products after China accedes to WTO isexplored. Also, China's (...)
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  40. Daniel Sarewitz (2000). Science and Environmental Policy: An Excess of Objectivity. In Robert Frodeman & Victor R. Baker (eds.), Earth Matters: The Earth Sciences, Philosophy, and the Claims of Community. Prentice Hall. 79--98.score: 66.0
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  41. Kevin de Laplante (2004). Environmental Alchemy: How to Turn Ecological Science Into Ecological Philosophy. Environmental Ethics 26 (4):361-380.score: 64.0
    Ecological science has been viewed by some philosophers as a foundational resource for the development of metaphysical, epistemological and normative views concerning humanity’s relationship with the natural environment, or what might be called an “ecological philosophy.” Analysis of three attempts to infer philosophical conclusions from ecological science shows that (1) there are serious obstacles facing any attempt to derive unique philosophical consequences from ecological science and (2) the project of developing an ecological philosophy relevant to human-environment relations is seriously hindered (...)
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  42. Don E. Marietta Jr (1979). The Interrelationship of Ecological Science and Environmental Ethics. Environmental Ethics 1 (3):195-207.score: 64.0
    Arecent trend among environmentalists (e.g., Aldo Leopold) of basing ethical norms for land use, resource management, and conservation on ecological principies such as homeostasis is examined, and a way to justify such an ethical approach through analysis of moral judgment is explored. Issues such as the is/ought impasse, the connection between value judgments and reasons for acting, and the question of whether moral judgments are definitive and categorical are treated as they relate to an ecological ethic, i.e., an environmental (...)
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  43. Judith N. Scoville (1995). Value Theory and Ecology in Environmental Ethics: A Comparison of Rolston and Niebuhr. Environmental Ethics 17 (2):115-133.score: 60.0
    The objective of Holmes Rolston, III’s writings has been the development of an “ecologically formed” environmental ethics based both on environmental values and ecological description. I show how recasting Rolston’s value theory in terms of H. Richard Niebuhr’s relational value theory can clarify and strengthen this project. Niebuhr developed a theory of value in which value is found in relationships and value systems are constructed in relation to centers of value. Niebuhr’s contextual method, with which Rolston’s methodology has (...)
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  44. Jeffrey E. Foss (2008). Beyond Environmentalism: A Philosophy of Nature. Wiley.score: 60.0
    Beyond Environmentalism is the first book of its kind to present a timely and relevant analysis of environmentalism.
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  45. Brett Buchanan (2008). Onto-Ethologies: The Animal Environments of Uexküll, Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty, and Deleuze. State University of New York Press.score: 60.0
    Jakob von Uexküll's theories of life -- Biography and historical background -- Nature's conformity with plan -- Umweltforschung -- Biosemiotics -- Concluding remarks -- Marking a path into the environments of animals -- The essential approach to the organism -- Heidegger and the biologists -- Paths to the world -- Disruptive behavior : Heidegger and the captivated animal -- The worldless stone -- The poor animal -- For example, three bees and a lark -- Animal morphology -- A shocking wealth (...)
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  46. Carolyn Merchant (1990). Environmental Ethics and Political Conflict: A View From California. Environmental Ethics 12 (1):45-68.score: 60.0
    l examine three approaches to environmental ethics and illustrate them with examples from California. An egocentric ethic is grounded in the self and based on the assumption that what is good for the individual is good for society. Historically associated with laissez faire capitalism and a religious ethic of human dominion over nature, this approach is exemplified by the extraction of natural resources from the commons by private interests. A homocentric ethic is grounded in society and is based on (...)
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  47. Michael S. Carolan (2008). The Multidimensionality of Environmental Problems: The GMO Controversy and the Limits of Scientific Materialism. Environmental Values 17 (1):67 - 82.score: 60.0
    This paper argues for a broader understanding of complexity; an understanding that speaks to the multidimensionality of environmental problems. As argued, environmental problems rest upon ontological, epistemological, and moral claims; they rest, in other words, upon statements about what is, knowledge, and what ought to be, respectively. To develop and illustrate this argument, the GMO (genetically modified organism) controversy is broken down according to these three dimensions. Dissecting environmental problems in this manner reveals why we cannot look (...)
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  48. Leire Escajedo San-Epifanio & Mickey Gjerris (2012). Introduction to the Special Issue of the Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics From EURSAFE 2010. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (6):793-796.score: 60.0
    Introduction to the Special Issue of the Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics from EURSAFE 2010 Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-4 DOI 10.1007/s10806-012-9390-2 Authors Leire Escajedo San-Epifanio, Department of Constitutional Law and History of Political Thought, Faculty of Social Sciences and Communication, University of the Basque Country, Bilbao, Spain Mickey Gjerris, Faculty of Science, Institute of Food and Resource Economics, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark Journal Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics Online ISSN 1573-322X Print ISSN (...)
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  49. Maurice Ash (1992). The Fabric of the World: Towards a Philosophy of Environment. Green Books.score: 60.0
  50. Larry A. Hickman & Elizabeth F. Porter (eds.) (1993). Technology and Ecology: The Proceedings of the Vii International Conference of the Society for Philosophy and Technology. The Society.score: 60.0
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