Search results for 'Epistemology, Intuition, Knowledge, Philosophy, Rationality' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Ernest Sosa (1996). Rational Intuition: Bealer on its Nature and Epistemic Status. Philosophical Studies 81 (2-3):151--162.
    A discussion of George Bealer's conception and defense of rational intuition as a basis of philosophical knowledge, under three main heads: a) the phenomenology of intellectual intuition; b) the status of such intuition as a basic source of evidence, and the explanation of what gives it that status; and c) the defense of intuition against those who would reject it and exclude it on principle from the set of valid sources of evidence.
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  2.  59
    Edward Stein (1996). Without Good Reason: The Rationality Debate in Philosophy and Cognitive Science. Oxford University Press.
    In this book, Edward Stein offers a clear critical account of the debate about rationality in philosophy and cognitive science. He discusses concepts of rationality--the pictures of rationality on which the debate centers--and assesses the empirical evidence used to argue that humans are irrational. He concludes that the question of human rationality must be answered not conceptually but empirically, using the full resources of an advanced cognitive science. Furthermore, he extends this conclusion to argue that empirical (...)
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  3. Jonathan Y. Tsou (2006). Genetic Epistemology and Piaget's Philosophy of Science: Piaget Vs. Kuhn on Scientific Progress. Theory and Psychology 16 (2):203-224.
    This paper concerns Jean Piaget's (1896–1980) philosophy of science and, in particular, the picture of scientific development suggested by his theory of genetic epistemology. The aims of the paper are threefold: (1) to examine genetic epistemology as a theory concerning the growth of knowledge both in the individual and in science; (2) to explicate Piaget's view of ‘scientific progress’, which is grounded in his theory of equilibration; and (3) to juxtapose Piaget's notion of progress with Thomas Kuhn's (1922–1996). Issues of (...)
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  4.  20
    Anita Konzelmann-Ziv (2008). Naturalized Rationality. A Glance At Bolzano's Philosophy Of Mind. The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 4 (1):1-21.
    Bernard Bolzano's philosophy of mind is closely related to his metaphysical conceptions of substance, adherence and force. Questions as to how the mind is working are treated in terms of efficient faculties producing simple and complex representations, conclusive and non-conclusive judgments, and meta-representational attitudes such as believing and knowing. My paper outlines the proximity of Bolzano's account of "mental forces" to contemporary accounts of faculty psychology such as Modularity Theory and Simple Heuristics. While the modularist notions of domain specificity and (...)
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  5.  2
    Matti Sintonen (ed.) (1997). Knowledge and Inquiry: Essays on Jaakko Hintikka's Epistemology and Philosophy of Science. Rodopi.
    Contents: Matti SINTONEN: From the Science of Logic to the Logic of Science. I: HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES. Zev BECHLER: Hintikka on Plenitude in Aristotle. Marja-Liisa KAKKURI-KNUUTTILA: What Can the Sciences of Man Learn from Aristotle? Martin KUSCH: Theories of Questions in German-Speaking Philosophy Around the Turn of the Century. Nils-Eric SAHLIN: 'HE IS NO GOOD FOR MY WORK': On the Philosophical Relations between Ramsey and Wittgenstein. II: FORMAL TOOLS: INDUCTION, OBSERVATION AND IDENTIFIABILITY. Theo A.F. KUIPERS: The Carnap-Hintikka Programme in Inductive Logic. (...)
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  6. Alvin I. Goldman (2004). Group Knowledge Versus Group Rationality: Two Approaches to Social Epistemology. Episteme 1 (1):11-22.
    Social epistemology is a many-splendored subject. Different theorists adopt different approaches and the options are quite diverse, often orthogonal to one another. The approach I favor is to examine social practices in terms of their impact on knowledge acquisition . This has at least two virtues: it displays continuity with traditional epistemology, which historically focuses on knowledge, and it intersects with the concerns of practical life, which are pervasively affected by what people know or don't know. In making this choice, (...)
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  7.  30
    İbrahim Kalın (2010). Knowledge in Later Islamic Philosophy: Mulla Sadra on Existence, Intellect, and Intuition. Oxford University Press.
    This study looks at how the seventeenth-century philosopher Sadr al-Din al-Shirazi, known as Mulla Sadra, attempted to reconcile the three major forms of ...
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  8.  58
    Gerhard Schurz, Markus Werning & Alvin I. Goldman (eds.) (2009). Reliable Knowledge and Social Epistemology: Essays on the Philosophy of Alvin Goldman and Replies by Goldman. Rodopi.
    The volume contains the written versions of all papers given at the workshop, divided into five chapters and followed by Alvin Goldman¿s replies in the sixth ...
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  9. Elizabeth Anne Kinsella (2010). Professional Knowledge and the Epistemology of Reflective Practice. Nursing Philosophy 11 (1):3-14.
    Reflective practice is one of the most popular theories of professional knowledge in the last 20 years and has been widely adopted by nursing, health, and social care professions. The term was coined by Donald Schön in his influential books The Reflective Practitioner , and Educating the Reflective Practitioner , and has garnered the unprecedented attention of theorists and practitioners of professional education and practice. Reflective practice has been integrated into professional preparatory programmes, continuing education programmes, and by the regulatory (...)
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  10.  52
    Susan Dieleman, María G. Navarro & Elisabeth Simbürger (2016). Social Epistemology as Public Philosophy. In James H. Collier (ed.), The Future of Social Epistemology. A Collective Vision. Rowman & Littlefield International 55-64.
    The Future of Social Epistemology: A Collective Vision sets an agenda for exploring the future of what we – human beings reimagining our selves and our society – want, need and ought to know. The book examines, concretely, practically and speculatively, key ideas such as the public conduct of philosophy, models for extending and distributing knowledge, the interplay among individuals and groups, risk taking and the welfare state, and envisioning people and societies remade through the breakneck pace of scientific and (...)
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  11. Richard T. Peterson (1996). Democratic Philosophy and the Politics of Knowledge. Penn State University Press.
    Debates over postmodernism, analyses of knowledge and power, and the recurring issue of Heidegger's Nazism have all deepened questions about the relation between philosophy and the social roles of intellectuals. Against such postmodernist rejections of philosophical theory as mounted by Rorty and Lyotard, Richard Peterson argues that precisely reflection on rationality, in appropriate social terms, is needed to confront urgent political issues about intellectuals. After presenting a conception of intellectual mediation set within the modern division of labor, he offers (...)
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  12. Marcelo Dascal & Ora Gruengard (eds.) (1989). Knowledge and Politics: Case Studies in the Relationship Between Epistemology and Political Philosophy. Westview Press.
  13. Stephen Cade Hetherington (2003). Reality? Knowledge? Philosophy! An Introduction to Metaphysics and Epistemology. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  14. Michael Brownstein & Jennifer Saul (eds.) (2016). Implicit Bias and Philosophy, Volume 1: Metaphysics and Epistemology. Oxford University Press Uk.
    There is abundant evidence that most people, often in spite of their conscious beliefs, values and attitudes, have implicit biases. 'Implicit bias' is a term of art referring to evaluations of social groups that are largely outside conscious awareness or control. These evaluations are typically thought to involve associations between social groups and concepts or roles like 'violent,' 'lazy,' 'nurturing,' 'assertive,' 'scientist,' and so on. Such associations result at least in part from common stereotypes found in contemporary liberal societies about (...)
     
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  15. Robert Audi (2010). Epistemology: A Contemporary Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge. Routledge.
    Epistemology, or “the theory of knowledge,” is concerned with how we know what we know, what justifies us in believing what we believe, and what standards of evidence we should use in seeking truths about the world and human experience. This comprehensive introduction to the field of epistemology explains the concepts and theories central to understanding knowledge. Along with covering the traditional topics of the discipline in detail, _Epistemology_ explores emerging areas of research. The third edition features new sections on (...)
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  16. William Warren Bartley, Karl Raimund Popper & Gerard Radnitzky (1987). Evolutionary Epistemology, Rationality, and the Sociology of Knowledge.
     
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  17.  26
    Ben-Ami Scharfstein (2001). How Important is Truth to Epistemology and Knowledge? Some Answers From Comparative Philosophy. Social Epistemology 15 (4):275 – 283.
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  18.  1
    Jari Kaukua (2011). Ibrahim Kalin , Knowledge in Later Islamic Philosophy: Mullâ Sadrâ on Existence, Intellect, and Intuition . Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 31 (5):359-361.
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  19. Richard T. Peterson (2006). Democratic Philosophy and the Politics of Knowledge. Penn State University Press.
    Debates over postmodernism, analyses of knowledge and power, and the recurring issue of Heidegger's Nazism have all deepened questions about the relation between philosophy and the social roles of intellectuals. Against such postmodernist rejections of philosophical theory as mounted by Rorty and Lyotard, Richard Peterson argues that precisely reflection on rationality, in appropriate social terms, is needed to confront urgent political issues about intellectuals. After presenting a conception of intellectual mediation set within the modern division of labor, he offers (...)
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  20. Christopher J. Preston (2003). Grounding Knowledge Environmental Philosophy, Epistemology, and Place.
     
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  21.  29
    Nina Bonderup Dohn (2011). Roles of Epistemology in Investigating Knowledge: “Philosophizing With”. Metaphilosophy 42 (4):431-450.
    Abstract: This article aims at elucidating the ways in which philosophy may engage in cooperation with other disciplines through “philosophy with” (Hansson 2008). An exemplary investigation is undertaken of the roles of epistemology in investigating knowledge, that is, how epistemology may interact with sciences concerned with knowledge. Four possible roles are distinguished: provider of a priori conceptual analyses, clarifier of scientific concepts and their implications, interpreter of scientific results, and dialogue partner with a voice of its own. Each role is (...)
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  22. Chris Buskes (1998). The Genealogy of Knowledge a Darwinian Approach to Epistemology and Philosophy of Science. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  23.  75
    Thomas Spitzley (2009). Self-Knowledge and Rationality. Erkenntnis 71 (1):73 - 88.
    The topic of this article is the dependency or, maybe, the interdependency of rationality and self-knowledge. Here two questions may be distinguished, viz. (1) whether being rational is a necessary condition for a creature to have self-knowledge, and (2) whether having self-knowledge is a necessary condition for a creature to be rational. After a brief explication of what I mean by self-knowledge, I deal with the first question. There I defend the Davidsonian position, according to which rationality is, (...)
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  24. Pia Antolic-Piper, Alexander Fidora & Matthias Lutz-Bachmann, Erkenntnis Und Wissenschaft/ Knowledge and Science: Probleme der Epistemologie in der Philosophie des Mittelalters/ Problems of Epistemology in Medieval Philosophy.
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  25.  2
    Murray Code (2005). On Mathematical Naturalism and the Powers of Symbolisms. Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 1 (1):35-53.
    Advances in modern mathematics indicate that progress in this field of knowledge depends mainly on culturally inflected imaginative intuitions, or intuitive imaginings—which mysteriously result in the growth of systems of symbolism that are often efficacious, although fallible and very likely evolutionary. Thus the idea that a trouble-free epistemology can be constructed out of an intuition-free mathematical naturalism would seem to be question begging of a very high order. I illustrate the point by examining Philip Kitcher’s attempt to frame an empiricist (...)
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    Ahab Bdaiwi (2010). Ibrahim Kalin Knowledge in Later Islamic Philosophy: Mullā Ṣadrā on Existence, Intellect, and Intuition. Journal of Islamic Philosophy 6:141-144.
  27. Bert van Roermund (1992). Patrick Nerhot, Ed., Legal Knowledge and Analogy. Fragments of Epistemology, Hermeneutics and Linguistics (Law and Philosophy Library, 13) Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 12 (1):51-53.
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  28. Damian Szmuc (2012). A New Hope for Philosophers' Appeal to Intuition. Essays in Philosophy 13 (1):336-353.
    Some recent researches in experimental philosophy have posed a problem for philosophers’ appeal to intuition (hereinafter referred to as PAI); the aim of this paper is to offer an answer to this challenge. The thesis against PAI implies that, given some experimental results, intuition does not seem to be a reliable epistemic source, and —more importantly— given the actual state of knowledge about its operation, we do not have sufficient resources to mitigate its errors and thus establish its reliability. That (...)
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  29. Heidi Grasswick (2011). Feminist Epistemology and Philosophy of Science: Power in Knowledge.
     
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  30. Heidi Grasswick (ed.) (2011). Feminist Epistemology and Philosophy of Science: Power in Knowledge. Springer.
  31.  7
    Maduabuchi Durtos (2000). Perception, Intuition and Knowledge of Ti-Ie External World: Scienticizing African Philosophy. Indian Philosophical Quarterly 27 (4).
  32. Alan W. Richardson (1996). From Epistemology to the Logic of Science: Carnap’s Philosophy of Empirical Knowledge in the 1930s. In Ronald Giere & Alan W. Richardson (eds.), Origins of Logical Empiricism. University of Minnesota Press: Minneapolis 309--332.
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  33. Mamm Meijsing (2000). Review of the Book The Genealogy of Knowledge. A Darwinian Approach to Epistemology and Philosophy of Science, C. Buskes, 2000. [REVIEW] Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 92 (1):103-105.
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  34. David Burrell (2010). Knowledge in Later Islamic Philosophy: Mulla Sadra on Existence, Intellect, and Intuition – By Ibrahim Kalin. Modern Theology 26 (4):669-672.
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  35. Maduabuchi Dukor (2000). Perception, Intuition and Knowledge of the External World: Scienticizing African Philosophy. Indian Philosophical Quarterly 27 (4):457.
  36. David H. Helman (1989). Evolutionary Epistemology, Rationality, and the Sociology of Knowledge. Philosophical Books 30 (2):94-97.
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  37. Marek Hetmanski (2008). Epistemology as Philosophy of Knowledge. Old Dilemmas and New Perspectives. Dialogue and Universalism 18 (7-12):11.
     
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  38. M. Melettibertolini (1988). Collective Knowledge, Science and Philosophy in Late 19th-Century Epistemology as Seen in Bergson Under the Influences of Spencer and Bernard. Filosofia 39 (1):19-44.
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  39. Latimah-Parvin Peerwani (2011). Knowledge in Later Islamic Philosophy: Mulla Sadra on Existence, Intellect, and Intuition by Ibrahim Kalin, 2010. [REVIEW] Journal of Shi‘a Islamic Studies 4:111-114.
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  40. Gerard Radnitzky & W. Bartley (1990). Evolutionary Epistemology. Rationality, and the Sociology of Knowledge. La Salle. Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 52 (1):169-169.
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  41.  7
    Alain-Marc Rieu (ed.) (2012). Chinese & French Views on Knowledge & Society Today: Philosophy, Ethics, Epistemology. Archives Contemporaines.
    In this age of globalization, societies and people across the world are asking themselves the same questions about modernity: where are we going ?
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  42. Gerhard Schurz & Markus Werning (2009). Introduction to Reliable Knowledge and Social Epistemology-The Philosophy of Alvin Goldman. Grazer Philosophische Studien 79 (1):7.
     
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  43. Matti Sintonen (ed.) (1997). Knowledge and Inquiry: Essays on Jaakko Hintikka’s Epistemology and Philosophy of Science. Brill | Rodopi.
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  44.  1
    Michel Paty (2010). Nouveauté et Émergence dans la Quête des Fondements. Principia 8 (1):19-54.
    Novelty and emergence in the quest for foundations. The search for firm foundations for a given knowledge, notably in the case of a formalized one, can be seen as a particular case of the search for deeper intelligibility. It generally brings to modifying the structural elements of the received knowledge (this having to do with questions of ontological relativity and epistemological holism), letting appear new elements of thought and of ‘reality’, emergent conceptual structures on the ground of the preceding ones. (...)
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    Michael Loughlin, Robyn Bluhm, Stephen Buetow, Ross E. G. Upshur, Maya J. Goldenberg, Kirstin Borgerson & Vikki Entwistle (2011). Virtue, Progress and Practice. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (5):839-846.
  46. Stephen Palmquist (1987). A Priori Knowledge in Perspective: Mathematics, Method, and Pure Intuition. Review of Metaphysics 41 (1):3 - 22.
    This article is mainly a critique of Philip Kitcher's book, The Nature of Mathematical Knowledge. Four weaknesses in Kitcher's objection to Kant arise out of Kitcher's failure to recognize the perspectival nature of Kant's position. A proper understanding of Kant's theory of mathematics requires awareness of the perspectival nuances implicit in Kant's theory of pure intuition. (Apologies that the pdf of this article was prepared with every other page upside down. Take it as an opportunity to practice changing one's perspective!).
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  47.  20
    Mark Timmons, John Greco & Alfred R. Mele (eds.) (2007). Rationality and the Good: Critical Essays on the Ethics and Epistemology of Robert Audi. Oxford University Press.
    For over thirty years, Robert Audi has produced important work in ethics, epistemology, and the theory of action. This volume features thirteen new critical essays on Audi by a distinguished group of authors: Fred Adams, William Alston, Laurence BonJour, Roger Crisp, Elizabeth Fricker, Bernard Gert, Thomas Hurka, Hugh McCann, Al Mele, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Raimo Tuomela, Candace Vogler, and Timothy Williamson. Audi's introductory essay provides a thematic overview interconnecting his views in ethics, epistemology, and philosophy of action. The volume concludes with (...)
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  48.  92
    Krista Lawlor (2004). Reason and the Past: The Role of Rationality in Diachronic Self-Knowledge. Synthese 145 (3):467-495.
    Knowing one’s past thoughts and attitudes is a vital sort of self-knowledge. In the absence of memorial impressions to serve as evidence, we face a pressing question of how such self-knowledge is possible. Recently, philosophers of mind have argued that self-knowledge of past attitudes supervenes on rationality. I examine two kinds of argument for this supervenience claim, one from cognitive dynamics, and one from practical rationality, and reject both. I present an alternative account, on which knowledge of past (...)
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    Francis Remedios (2003). Legitimizing Scientific Knowledge: An Introduction to Steve Fuller's Social Epistemology. Lexington Books.
    The first book to provide an in-depth examination of Steve Fuller's politically oriented social epistemology, Legitimizing Scientific Knowledge compares Fuller ...
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  50.  52
    Matthew A. Benton, John Hawthorne & Dani Rabinowitz (eds.) (forthcoming). Knowledge, Belief, and God: New Insights in Religious Epistemology. Oxford University Press.
    A collection of 16 new essays in the epistemology of religion, broadly construed. Includes work from historical perspectives (the medieval period; Hume; Scotus; Maimonides); in social epistemology (on testimony, disagreement, and expertise); formal epistemology (especially fine-tuning and many-worlds hypotheses); and rationality considerations (practical factors, modal arguments, phenomenal conservatism). -/- Contributors: Charity Anderson, Richard Cross, Billy Dunaway, Dani Rabinowitz, Isaac Choi, Hans Halvorson, John Hawthorne & Yoaav Isaacs, Roger White, Max Baker-Hytch, Rachel Elizabeth Fraser, Jennifer Lackey, Paulina Sliwa, Matthew Benton, (...)
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