Search results for 'Equal Opportunity' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. M. Sandy Hershcovis, Sharon K. Parker & Tara C. Reich (2010). The Moderating Effect of Equal Opportunity Support and Confidence in Grievance Procedures on Sexual Harassment From Different Perpetrators. Journal of Business Ethics 92 (3):415 - 432.score: 90.0
    This study drew on three theoretical perspectives – attribution theory, power, and role identity theory – to compare the job-related outcomes of sexual harassment from organizational insiders (i.e., supervisors and co-workers) and organizational outsiders (i.e., offend- ers and members of the public) in a sample ( n = 482) of UK police officers and police support staff. Results showed that sexual harassment from insiders was related (...)
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  2. Harlan Beckley (2002). Capability as Opportunity: How Amartya Sen Revises Equal Opportunity. Journal of Religious Ethics 30 (1):107 - 135.score: 90.0
    Although the concept of equal opportunity has received scant attention from theological ethics, it attracts widespread approval in the U.S. popular culture and has been examined extensively by contemporary moral philosophy. Amartya Sen's conception of capabilities as "freedom" or "real opportunity" corrects deficiencies in both popular and philosophical conceptions of equal opportunity that ignore interpersonal variations in mental, physical, and psychological abilities beyond agents' control. Recent theologically informed conceptions of love and common grace affirm and (...)
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  3. Alex Voorhoeve (2005). Equal Opportunity, Equality, and Responsibility. Dissertation, University of Londonscore: 62.0
    This thesis argues that a particular version of equal opportunity for welfare is the best way of meeting the joint demands of three liberal egalitarian ideals: distributional equality, responsibility, and respect for individuals’ differing reasonable judgements of their own good. It also examines which social choice rules best represent these demands. Finally, it defends the view that achieving equal opportunity for welfare should not only be a goal of formal public institutions, but that just citizens should (...)
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  4. Clare Chambers (2009). Each Outcome is Another Opportunity: Problems with the Moment of Equal Opportunity. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 8 (4):374-400.score: 60.0
    This article introduces the concept of a Moment of Equal Opportunity (MEO): a point in an individual’s life at which equal opportunity must be applied and after which it need not. The concept of equal opportunity takes many forms, and not all employ an MEO. However, the more egalitarian a theory of equal opportunity is, the more likely it is to use an MEO. The article discusses various theories of equal (...) and argues that those that employ an MEO are problematic. Unjust inequalities, those that motivate the use of equal opportunity, occur throughout people’s lives and thus go unrectified after an MEO. However, it is not possible to abandon the MEO approach and apply more egalitarian versions of equal opportunity throughout a person’s life, since doing so entails problems of epistemology, efficiency, incentives, and counter-intuitive results. The article thus argues that liberal egalitarian theories of equality of opportunity are inconsistent if they support an MEO and unrealizable if they do not. (shrink)
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  5. Anita Silvers (2001). No Basis for Justice: Equal Opportunity, Normal Functioning, and the Distribution of Healthcare. American Journal of Bioethics 1 (2):35 – 36.score: 60.0
    (2001). No Basis for Justice: Equal Opportunity, Normal Functioning, and the Distribution of Healthcare. The American Journal of Bioethics: Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 35-36.
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  6. Claes Hägg (1983). Just Price and Equal Opportunity. Journal of Business Ethics 2 (4):269 - 272.score: 60.0
    The purpose of this paper is to investigate if just price could be given a precise and relevant definition. First, the historical background is sketched. Then a definition is formulated which is based on a gradual interpretation of possibility. The meaning of the definition is, that the buyer and the seller are given equal opportunity of reaching a justified standard of living.
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  7. Susan Leigh Anderson (1991). Equal Opportunity, Freedom and Sex-Stereotyping. Journal of Philosophical Research 16:1-10.score: 60.0
    Michael Levin, in Feminism and Freedom, argues that sex-stereotyping is inevitable and legitimate since there are innate non-anatomical differences between the sexes. He, further, believes that sex-stereotyping is compatible with members of both sexes acting freely and having equal opportunity in the job market and other areas of life. I will attack both claims, but I will particularly concentrate on the second one. I believe that Levin is only able to make his view sound plausible because of his (...)
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  8. A. W. Cappelen, O. F. Norheim & B. Tungodden (2008). Genomics and Equal Opportunity Ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (5):361-364.score: 60.0
    Genomics provides information on genetic susceptibility to diseases and new possibilities for interventions which can fundamentally alter the design of fair health policies. The aim of this paper is to explore implications of genomics from the perspective of equal opportunity ethics. The ideal of equal opportunity requires that individuals are held responsible for some, but not all, factors that affect their health. Informational problems, however, often make it difficult to implement the ideal of equal (...) in the context of healthcare. In this paper, examples are considered of how new genetic information may affect the way individual responsibility for choice is assigned. It is also argued that genomics may result in relocation of the responsibility cut by providing both new information and new technology. Finally, how genomics may affect healthcare policies and the market for health insurance is discussed. (shrink)
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  9. Joseph Fishkin (2014). Bottlenecks: A New Theory of Equal Opportunity. Oup Usa.score: 60.0
    Bottlenecks introduces a powerful new way of understanding equal opportunity. Rather than literal equalization, Joseph Fishkin argues that Americans ought to aim to broaden the range of opportunities open to people, at every stage in life, to pursue different paths.
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  10. Alex Voorhoeve (2005). Pursuing Equal Opportunities: The Theory and Practice of Egalitarian Justice, by Lesley A. Jacobs [Book Review]. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 21 (1):155-161.score: 58.0
    Book review of Lesley A. Jacobs' Pursuing Equal Opportunities: The Theory and Practice of Egalitarian Justice.
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  11. John O'Dea (2007). The Value in Equal Opportunity: Reply to Kershnar. Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (2):177–187.score: 51.0
    Stephen Kershnar (2004) recently argues that under its most plausible interpretation, equality of opportunity is simply not something worth pursuing; at least, not for itself. In this paper I try to show that even if we accept Kershnar's characterisation of equality of opportunity in terms of weighted aggregate chances, none of his objections succeed. Opportunities, not outcomes, are the appropriate focus of EO advocates; hedonic treadmills are irrelevant to the issue; we do not need to assume general equality (...)
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  12. Marc Fleurbaey (2012). Equal Opportunity, Reward and Respect for Preferences: Reply to Roemer. Economics and Philosophy 28 (2):201-216.score: 51.0
    This rejoinder to Roemer (this issue) examines Roemer's amendment to his EOp criterion, explains the similarities and differences between Roemer's approach to equality of opportunity and the economic literature inspired by the fair allocation theory, and proposes some clarifications on the compensation principle and the role of the reward principle in the definition of a responsibility-sensitive social criterion. It highlights the power of the ideal of respect for individual preferences with respect to the reward issue and the concern for (...)
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  13. Andrew Mason (2006). Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought. OUP Oxford.score: 51.0
    "Equality of opportunity for all" is a fine piece of political rhetoric but the ideal that lies behind it is slippery to say the least. Some see it as an alternative to a more robust form of egalitarianism, whilst others think that when it is properly understood it provides us with a real radical vision of what it is to level the playing field. This book combines a meritocratic conception of equality of opportunity that governs access to advantaged (...)
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  14. Paul Gomberg (2007). How to Make Opportunity Equal: Race and Contributive Justice. Blackwell Pub..score: 51.0
    This critical examination of racial equality takes a new approach to breaking down racial barriers by proposing a system of equal opportunity through shared labor and contributive justice. Focuses on how race and class inevitably structure vastly unequal life prospects Shows how human society can be organized in a way that does not socialize children for lives of routine labour Looks towards contribution, not distribution, as a way to promote racial equality Argues that by sharing routine and complex (...)
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  15. Gideon Elford (2013). Equality of Opportunity and Other-Affecting Choice: Why Luck Egalitarianism Does Not Require Brute Luck Equality. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (1):139-149.score: 48.0
    The luck egalitarian view famously maintains that inequalities in individuals’ circumstances are unfair or unjust, whereas inequalities traceable to individuals’ own responsible choices are fair or just. On this basis, the distinction between so-called brute luck and option luck has been seen as central to luck egalitarianism. Luck egalitarianism is interpreted, by advocates and opponents alike, as a view that condemns inequalities in brute luck but permits inequalities in option luck. It is also thought to be expressed in terms of (...)
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  16. Dr Patricia Vertinsky (2010). The Evolving Policy of Equal Curricular Opportunity in England: A Case Study of the Implementation of Sex Equality in Physical Education. British Journal of Educational Studies 31 (3):229-251.score: 48.0
    (1983). The evolving policy of equal curricular opportunity in England: A case study of the implementation of sex equality in physical education. British Journal of Educational Studies: Vol. 31, No. 3, pp. 229-251.
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  17. Mika LaVaque-Manty, Equal Opportunity to Meaningful Competitions: Disability Rights and Justice in Sports.score: 46.0
    This paper explores the questions of equality and social justice for people with disabilities in sports and, by extension, other civil societal practices that involve the pursuit of excellence. I argue that such practices come within the purview of justice depending on the interplay between political activism, institutionalized anti-discrimination statutes such as the ADA, and the internal norms of a practice. There are many ways to interpret the ADA, and a successful argument for a right to a pursuit of excellence (...)
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  18. William Galston (1997). A Liberal Defense of Equal Opportunity. In Louis P. Pojman & Robert Westmoreland (eds.), Equality: Selected Readings. Oup Usa.score: 46.0
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  19. Richard J. Arneson (1989). Equality and Equal Opportunity for Welfare. Philosophical Studies 56 (1):77 - 93.score: 45.0
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  20. Richard J. Arneson (1990). Liberalism, Distributive Subjectivism, and Equal Opportunity for Welfare. Philosophy and Public Affairs 19 (2):158-194.score: 45.0
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  21. Marc Fleurbaey (1995). Equal Opportunity or Equal Social Outcome? Economics and Philosophy 11 (01):25-.score: 45.0
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  22. Serena Olsaretti (2009). Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought. Journal of Moral Philosophy 6 (1):133-136.score: 45.0
  23. Matthias Hild & Alex Voorhoeve (2004). Equality of Opportunity and Opportunity Dominance. Economics and Philosophy 20 (1):117-145.score: 45.0
    All conceptions of equal opportunity draw on some distinction between morally justified and unjustified inequalities. We discuss how this distinction varies across a range of philosophical positions. We find that these positions often advance equality of opportunity in tandem with distributive principles based on merit, desert, consequentialist criteria or individuals' responsibility for outcomes. The result of this amalgam of principles is a festering controversy that unnecessarily diminishes the widespread acceptability of opportunity concerns. We therefore propose to (...)
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  24. Richard J. Arneson (1991). A Defense of Equal Opportunity for Welfare. Philosophical Studies 62 (2):187 - 195.score: 45.0
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  25. Yonathan Reshef Avner de-Shalit (2009). Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought – Andrew Mason. Philosophical Quarterly 59 (237):756-760.score: 45.0
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  26. James S. Fishkin (1987). Liberty Versus Equal Opportunity. Social Philosophy and Policy 5 (01):32-.score: 45.0
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  27. Stephen Kershnar (2004). Why Equal Opportunity is Not a Valuable Goal. Journal of Applied Philosophy 21 (2):159–172.score: 45.0
  28. Peter Westen (1985). The Concept of Equal Opportunity. Ethics 95 (4):837-850.score: 45.0
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  29. Thomas Christiano (1991). Difficulties with the Principle of Equal Opportunity for Welfare. Philosophical Studies 62 (2):179 - 185.score: 45.0
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  30. Alan H. Goldman (1987). The Justification of Equal Opportunity. Social Philosophy and Policy 5 (01):88-.score: 45.0
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  31. Jennifer M. Morton (2011). The Non-Cognitive Challenge to a Liberal Egalitarian Education. Theory and Research in Education 9 (3):233-250.score: 45.0
    Political liberalism, conceived of as a response to the diversity of conceptions of the good in multicultural societies, aims to put forward a proposal for how to organize political institutions that is acceptable to a wide range of citizens. It does so by remaining neutral between reasonable conceptions of the good while giving all citizens a fair opportunity to access the offices and positions which enable them to pursue their own conception of the good. Public educational institutions are at (...)
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  32. Irving Thalberg (1980). Themes in the Reverse-Discrimination Debate:The Bakke Case: The Politics of Inequality. Joel Dreyfuss, Charles Lawrence III; Justice and Reverse Discrimination. Alan H. Goldman; Discrimination in Reverse: Is Turnabout Fair Play? Barry R. Gross; Fair Game? Inequality and Affirmative Action. John C. Livingston; Bakke, DeFunis, and Minority Admissions: The Quest for Equal Opportunity. Allan P. Sindler. [REVIEW] Ethics 91 (1):138-.score: 45.0
  33. Paul Gomberg (1995). Against Competitive Equal Opportunity. Journal of Social Philosophy 26 (3):59-73.score: 45.0
  34. Antony Duff (1986). Justice, Equal Opportunity, and the Family By James S. Fishkin London: Yale University Press, 1984, Vii+200 Pp., £7.95Beyond Subjective Morality By James S. Fishkin London: Yale University Press, 1984, Vii+200 Pp., £17.50. [REVIEW] Philosophy 61 (235):133-.score: 45.0
  35. Avner de-Shalit & Yonathan Reshef (2009). Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought - Andrew Mason. Philosophical Quarterly 59 (237):756-760.score: 45.0
  36. Alan H. Goldman (1977). The Principle of Equal Opportunity. Southern Journal of Philosophy 15 (4):473-485.score: 45.0
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  37. Kenneth R. Howe (1990). Equal Opportunity Is Equal Education (Within Limits). Educational Theory 40 (2):227-230.score: 45.0
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  38. Nicholas C. Burbules (1990). Equal Opportunity or Equal Education? Educational Theory 40 (2):221-226.score: 45.0
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  39. Daniel O. Dahlstrom (1985). The Natural Right of Equal Opportunity in Kant's Civil Union. Southern Journal of Philosophy 23 (3):295-303.score: 45.0
  40. Jan Narveson (1984). Book Review:Justice, Equal Opportunity, and the Family. James S. Fishkin. [REVIEW] Ethics 94 (4):713-.score: 45.0
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  41. Louis Pojman (2002). Review of Matt Cavanagh, Against Equal Opportunity. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2002 (12).score: 45.0
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  42. Lesley A. Jacobs (1999). Equal Opportunity, Natural Inequalities, and Racial Disadvantage: The Bell Curve and its Critics. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 29 (1).score: 45.0
  43. Allen E. Buchanan (1995). Equal Opportunity and Genetic Intervention. Social Philosophy and Policy 12 (2):105 - 35.score: 45.0
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  44. James W. Nickel (1987). Equal Opportunity in a Pluralistic Society. Social Philosophy and Policy 5 (01):104-.score: 45.0
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  45. Sean Sayers (1990). Equal Opportunity. Philosophical Books 31 (3):176-177.score: 45.0
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  46. L. D. Keita (2001). Jacobs, Equal Opportunity, and the Bell Curve: A Critique. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 31 (2):247-251.score: 45.0
  47. Rui Nunes & Guilhermina Rego (2013). Priority Setting in Health Care: A Complementary Approach. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis:1-12.score: 45.0
    Explicit forms of rationing have already been implemented in some countries, and many of these prioritization systems resort to Norman Daniels’ “accountability for reasonableness” methodology. However, a question still remains: is “accountability for reasonableness” not only legitimate but also fair? The objective of this paper is to try to adjust “accountability for reasonableness” to the World Health Organization’s holistic view of health and propose an evolutionary perspective in relation to the “normal” functioning standard proposed by Norman Daniels. To accomplish this (...)
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  48. R. Curren, Equal Opportunity and Fairness in Student Evaluation.score: 45.0
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  49. Louis M. Guenin (1997). Distributive Justice in Competitive Access to Intercollegiate Athletic Teams Segregated by Sex. Studies in Philosophy and Education 16 (4):347-372.score: 45.0
    A theory of justice for the basic structure of society may constrain though not directly govern colleges. The principle of "equal opportunity" commonly applied to jobs either does or does not apply to varsity opportunities. If it applies, it interdicts sex discrimination but, one fallacious argument notwithstanding, it states no obligation to expend resources on new teams. If it does not apply, an analogue of Rawls's difference principle may appropriately constrain inequalities between the sexes. In either case the (...)
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  50. Joseph DeMarco (1975). Compensatory Justice and Equal Opportunity. Journal of Social Philosophy 6 (3):3-7.score: 45.0
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