Search results for 'Equality of Opportunity' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Bernie Grummell (2007). The 'Second Chance' Myth: Equality of Opportunity in Irish Adult Education Policies. British Journal of Educational Studies 55 (2):182 - 201.score: 729.0
    This article explores the 'second chance' myth that surrounds the role of adult education in society. This myth apparently offers all citizens an equal chance to access educational opportunities to improve their life chances. I argue that recent developments in educational policy-making are increasingly shaped by neoliberal discourses that adapt adult education principles, such as lifelong learning and emancipation, for its own economic and political logic. This has important implications for adult education, especially equality of opportunity and social (...)
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  2. Harry Brighouse (2007). Equality of Opportunity and Complex Equality: The Special Place of Schooling. [REVIEW] Res Publica 13 (2):147-158.score: 720.0
    This paper is an engagement with Equality by John Baker, Kathleen Lynch, Judy Walsh and Sara Cantillon. It identifies a dilemma for educational egalitarians, which arises within their theory of equality, arguing that sometimes there may be a conflict between advancing equality of opportunity and providing equality of respect and recognition, and equality of love care and solidarity. It argues that the latter values may have more weight in deciding what to do than traditional (...)
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  3. Neven Petrović (2009). Equality of Opportunity and Personal Identity. Acta Analytica 24 (2):97-111.score: 720.0
    One of the central theses of egalitarian liberals in the domain of distributive justice is that talented individuals should not be allowed to keep their entire market-income even if it flows solely from their greater abilities. This claim is usually supported by one of several arguments or some mixture of them, but in the present paper, I want to concentrate on the version that invokes equality of opportunity as its starting point. Namely, it is claimed that every human (...)
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  4. Benjamin Sachs (2012). The Limits of Fair Equality of Opportunity. Philosophical Studies 160 (2):323-343.score: 720.0
    The principle of fair equality of opportunity is regularly used to justify social policies, both in the philosophical literature and in public discourse. However, too often commentators fail to make explicit just what they take the principle to say. A principle of fair equality of opportunity does not say anything at all until certain variables are filled in. I want to draw attention to two variables, timing and currency. I argue that once we identify the few (...)
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  5. Michele Loi, Lorenzo Del Savio & Elia Stupka (2013). Social Epigenetics and Equality of Opportunity. Public Health Ethics 6 (2):142-153.score: 720.0
    Recent epidemiological reports of associations between socioeconomic status and epigenetic markers that predict vulnerability to diseases are bringing to light substantial biological effects of social inequalities. Here, we start the discussion of the moral consequences of these findings. We firstly highlight their explanatory importance in the context of the research program on the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD) and the social determinants of health. In the second section, we review some theories of the moral status of health inequalities. (...)
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  6. Matthias Hild & Alex Voorhoeve (2004). Equality of Opportunity and Opportunity Dominance. Economics and Philosophy 20 (1):117-145.score: 720.0
    All conceptions of equal opportunity draw on some distinction between morally justified and unjustified inequalities. We discuss how this distinction varies across a range of philosophical positions. We find that these positions often advance equality of opportunity in tandem with distributive principles based on merit, desert, consequentialist criteria or individuals' responsibility for outcomes. The result of this amalgam of principles is a festering controversy that unnecessarily diminishes the widespread acceptability of opportunity concerns. We therefore propose to (...)
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  7. Oliver Feeney (2006). Equality of Whom? A Genetic Perspective on Equality (of Opportunity). Res Publica 12 (4):357-383.score: 720.0
    Rawls’ principle of fair equality of opportunity has been regularly discussed and criticized for being inadequate regarding natural inequalities. In so far as this egalitarian goal is sound, the purpose of the paper is to see how the prospect of radical genetic intervention might affect this particular inadequacy. I propose that, in a post-genetic setting, an appropriate response would be to extend the same rules regulating societal inequalities to a regulation of comparable genetic inequalities. I defend this stance (...)
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  8. R. J. Arneson (1999). Equality of Opportunity for Welfare Defended and Recanted. Journal of Political Philosophy 7 (4):488–497.score: 549.0
    Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen’s interesting criticisms of the ideal of equality of opportunity for welfare provide a welcome occasion for rethinking the requirements of egalitarian distributive justice.1 In the essay he criticizes I had proposed that insofar as we think distributive justice requires equality of any sort, we should conceive of distributive equality as equal opportunity provision. Roughly put, my suggestion was that equality of opportunity for welfare obtains among a group of people when all (...)
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  9. Gillian Brock (2005). The Difference Principle, Equality of Opportunity, and Cosmopolitan Justice. Journal of Moral Philosophy 2 (3):333-351.score: 549.0
    What kinds of principles of justice should a cosmopolitan support? In recent years some have argued that a cosmopolitan should endorse a Global Difference Principle. It has also been suggested that a cosmopolitan should support a Principle of Global Equality of Opportunity. In this paper I examine how compelling these two suggestions are. I argue against a Global Difference Principle, but for an alternative Needs-Based Minimum Floor Principle (where these are not co-extensive, as I explain). Though I support (...)
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  10. Robert S. Taylor (2004). Self-Realization and the Priority of Fair Equality of Opportunity. Journal of Moral Philosophy 1 (3):333-347.score: 549.0
    The lexical priority of fair equality of opportunity in John Rawls’s justice as fairness, which has been sharply criticized by Larry Alexander and Richard Arneson among others, is left almost entirely undefended in Rawls’s works. I argue here that this priority rule can be successfully defended against its critics despite Rawls’s own doubts about it. Using the few textual clues he provides, I speculatively reconstruct his defense of this rule, showing that it can be grounded on our interest (...)
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  11. Julian Savulescu (2001). Justice and Healthcare: The Right to a Decent Minimum, Not Equality of Opportunity. American Journal of Bioethics 1 (2):1a-3a.score: 549.0
    (2001). Justice and Healthcare: The Right to a Decent Minimum, Not Equality of Opportunity. The American Journal of Bioethics: Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 1a-3a.
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  12. H. T. Engelhardt (2012). Fair Equality of Opportunity Critically Reexamined: The Family and the Sustainability of Health Care Systems. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 37 (6):583-602.score: 549.0
    A complex interaction of ideological, financial, social, and moral factors makes the financial sustainability of health care systems a challenge across the world. One difficulty is that some of the moral commitments of some health care systems collide with reality. In particular, commitments to equality in access to health care and to fair equality of opportunity undergird an unachievable promise, namely, to provide all with the best of basic health care. In addition, commitments to fair equality (...)
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  13. Eszter Kollar & Michele Loi (2014). Prenatal Equality of Opportunity. Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (4).score: 549.0
    In this article, we defend a normative theory of prenatal equality of opportunity, based on a critical revision of Rawls's principle of fair equality of opportunity (FEO). We argue that if natural endowments are defined as biological properties possessed at birth and the distribution of natural endowments is seen as beyond the scope of justice, Rawls's FEO allows for inequalities that undermine the social conditions of a property-owning democracy. We show this by considering the foetal programming (...)
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  14. Richard J. Arneson (1999). Against Rawlsian Equality of Opportunity. Philosophical Studies 93 (1):77-112.score: 540.0
    According to John Rawls, "Justice is the first virtue of social institutions."1 Like Gaul, justice is tripartite. Rawls affirms an Equal Liberty Principle that guarantees equal basic or constitutional liberties for all citizens and a Difference Principle that requires inequalities in the distribution of certain social and economic benefits, the primary social goods, to be set so that the long-term holdings of primary social goods are maximized for the citizens whose holdings are least. Sandwiched between these two principles is a (...)
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  15. Mathias Risse (2002). What Equality of Opportunity Could Not Be. Ethics 112 (4):720-747.score: 540.0
    This study is concerned with john R0emer’s Equality of Opportunity} I argue that his theory is committed to compatibilism but that one of its central claims is plausible only within a libertarian view on the free-will problem. Thus Roemer’s theory is troubled by a deep structural inco— herence and should be rejected as an account of equality of opportunity? Let me briefly introduce some background to Roemer’s theory. Contemporary egalitarians face two major challenges: first, they need..
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  16. Larry A. Alexander (1985). Fair Equality of Opportunity. Philosophy Research Archives 11:197-208.score: 540.0
    Although discussions of John Rawls’ A Theory of Justice generally refer to Rawls’ two principles of justice, and although Rawls himself labels his principles “the two principles of justice”, Rawls actually sets forth three distinct principles in the following lexical order: the liberty principle, the fair equality of opportunity principle, and the difference principle. Rawls argues at some length for the priority of the liberty principle over the other two. On the other hand, Rawls offers hardly any argument (...)
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  17. By Andrew Mason (2004). Equality of Opportunity and Differences in Social Circumstances. Philosophical Quarterly 54 (216):368–388.score: 540.0
    It is often supposed that the point of equality of opportunity is to create a level playing-field. This is understood in different ways, however. A common proposal is what I call the neutralization view: that people's social circumstances should not differentially affect their life chances in any serious way. I raise problems with this view, before developing an alternative conception of equal opportunity which allows some variations in social circumstances to create differences in life prospects. The meritocratic (...)
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  18. John E. Roemer (2012). On Several Approaches to Equality of Opportunity. Economics and Philosophy 28 (2):165-200.score: 540.0
    The formal theory of equality of opportunity emerged as a response to Ronald Dworkin's (1981) characterization of resource egalitarianism, as defined by the allocation that would emerge from insurance contracts arrived at behind a thin veil of ignorance. This article compares several of the prominent versions of this response, put forth in the period 1993–2008. I argue that a generalization of Roemer's (1998) proposal is the most satisfactory approach. Inherent in that generalization is an indeterminism, which reflects a (...)
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  19. Ovadia Ezra (2007). Equality of Opportunity and Affirmative Action. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 14 (1):22-37.score: 540.0
    This paper deals with the policy of affirmative action as an additional means for achieving equality of opportunity in society. It assumes that in modem society-at least in principle-the superior positions are distributed according to merit, and on the basis of fair competition. I argue that formal equality of opportunity injects apparently neutral requirements, such as experience, into the selection procedure for top positions, that, in fact, act particularly against women, since they allow the past employment (...)
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  20. Matt Cavanagh (2003). Against Equality of Opportunity. Clarendon Press.score: 540.0
    These days almost everyone seems to think it obvious that equality of opportunity is at least part of what constitutes a fair society. At the same time they are so vague about what equality of opportunity actually amounts to that it can begin to look like an empty term, a convenient shorthand for the way jobs (or for that matter university places, or positions of power, or merely places on the local sports team) should be allocated, (...)
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  21. Mark Navin (2008). Fair Equality of Opportunity in Global Justice. Social Philosophy Today 24:39-52.score: 540.0
    Many political philosophers argue that a principle of ‘fair equality of opportunity’ (FEO) ought to extend beyond national borders. I agree that there is a place for FEO in a theory of global justice. However, I think that the idea of cross-border FEO is indeterminate between three different principles. Part of my work in this paper is methodological: I identify three different principles of cross-border fair equality of opportunity and I distinguish them from each other. The (...)
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  22. Michele Loi, Lorenzo Del Savio & Elia Stupka (2013). Social Epigenetics and Equality of Opportunity. Public Health Ethics 6 (2):142-153.score: 540.0
    Recent epidemiological reports of associations between socioeconomic status and epigenetic markers that predict vulnerability to diseases are bringing to light substantial biological effects of social inequalities. Here, we start the discussion of the moral consequences of these findings. We firstly highlight their explanatory importance in the context of the research program on the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD) and the social determinants of health. In the second section, we review some theories of the moral status of health inequalities. (...)
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  23. Andrew Mason (2004). Equality of Opportunity and Differences in Social Circumstances. Philosophical Quarterly 54 (216):368 - 388.score: 540.0
    It is often supposed that the point of equality of opportunity is to create a level playing-field. This is understood in different ways, however. A common proposal is what I call the neutralization view: that people's social circumstances should not differentially affect their life chances in any serious way. I raise problems with this view, before developing an alternative conception of equal opportunity which allows some variations in social circumstances to create differences in life prospects. The meritocratic (...)
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  24. Gideon Elford (2013). Equality of Opportunity and Other-Affecting Choice: Why Luck Egalitarianism Does Not Require Brute Luck Equality. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (1):139-149.score: 531.0
    The luck egalitarian view famously maintains that inequalities in individuals’ circumstances are unfair or unjust, whereas inequalities traceable to individuals’ own responsible choices are fair or just. On this basis, the distinction between so-called brute luck and option luck has been seen as central to luck egalitarianism. Luck egalitarianism is interpreted, by advocates and opponents alike, as a view that condemns inequalities in brute luck but permits inequalities in option luck. It is also thought to be expressed in terms of (...)
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  25. Amanda Cassity & John Petrovic (2010). “Meaningful Educational Opportunity” May Not Be Equality of Educational Opportunity [Essay Review of the Book Moving Every Child Ahead: From NCLB Hype to Meaningful Educational Opportunity]. Educational Studies 46 (1):116-128.score: 522.0
    (2010). “Meaningful Educational Opportunity” May Not be Equality of Educational Opportunity [Essay Review of the Book Moving Every Child Ahead: From NCLB Hype to Meaningful Educational Opportunity] Educational Studies: Vol. 46, No. 1, pp. 116-128.
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  26. Mario Toboso (2011). Rethinking Disability in Amartya Sen's Approach: ICT and Equality of Opportunity. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 13 (2):107-118.score: 519.0
    This article presents an analysis of the concept of disability in Amartya Sen’s capabilities and functionings approach in the context of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). Following a critical review of the concept of disability—from its traditional interpretation as an essentially medical concept to its later interpretation as a socially constructed category—we will introduce the concept of functional diversity. The importance of human diversity in the capabilities and functionings approach calls for incorporating this concept into the analysis of well-being and (...)
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  27. Dr Patricia Vertinsky (2010). The Evolving Policy of Equal Curricular Opportunity in England: A Case Study of the Implementation of Sex Equality in Physical Education. British Journal of Educational Studies 31 (3):229-251.score: 507.0
    (1983). The evolving policy of equal curricular opportunity in England: A case study of the implementation of sex equality in physical education. British Journal of Educational Studies: Vol. 31, No. 3, pp. 229-251.
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  28. Marco Huesch (2012). One and Done? Equality of Opportunity and Repeated Access to Scarce, Indivisible Medical Resources. BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):11-.score: 501.0
    Background: Existing ethical guidelines recommend that, all else equal, past receipt of a medical resource (e.g. a scarce organ) should not be considered in current allocation decisions (e.g. a repeat transplantation).DiscussionOne stated reason for this ethical consensus is that formal theories of ethics and justice do not persuasively accept or reject repeated access to the same medical resources. Another is that restricting attention to past receipt of a particular medical resource seems arbitrary: why couldn't one just as well, it is (...)
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  29. Richard Arneson, Equality of Opportunity. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 459.0
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  30. K. Lippert-Rasmussen (1999). Arneson on Equality of Opportunity for Welfare. Journal of Political Philosophy 7 (4):478–487.score: 459.0
  31. John Wilson (1991). Does Equality (of Opportunity) Make Sense in Education? Journal of Philosophy of Education 25 (1):27–32.score: 459.0
  32. Frances M. Kamm (2001). Health and Equality of Opportunity. American Journal of Bioethics 1 (2):17 – 19.score: 459.0
  33. Alexander Brown (2006). Equality of Opportunity for Education: One-Off or Lifelong? Journal of Philosophy of Education 40 (1):63–84.score: 459.0
  34. Donald Mackinnon (1986). Equality of Opportunity as Fair and Open Competition. Journal of Philosophy of Education 20 (1):69–72.score: 459.0
  35. Ronald M. Green (2001). Access to Healthcare: Going Beyond Fair Equality of Opportunity. American Journal of Bioethics 1 (2):22 – 23.score: 459.0
  36. Kevin Williams (1989). The Dilemma of Michael Oakeshott: Oakeshott's Treatment of Equality of Opportunity in Education and His Political Philosophy. Journal of Philosophy of Education 23 (2):223–240.score: 459.0
  37. Les Burwood (1992). Equality of Opportunity as a Sensible Educational Ideal. Journal of Philosophy of Education 26 (2):257–259.score: 459.0
  38. Richard J. Arneson (2013). Equality of Opportunity: Derivative Not Fundamental. Journal of Social Philosophy 44 (4):316-330.score: 459.0
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  39. Nani L. Ranken (1986). Compensation Vs. Fair Equality of Opportunity. Journal of Applied Philosophy 3 (1):111-122.score: 459.0
  40. T. D. Campbell (1974). Equality of Opportunity. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 75:51 - 68.score: 459.0
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  41. L. Jacobs (2009). Rawls's Commitment to Fair Equality of Opportunity: Rethinking His Arguments for Democratic Equality Four Decades Later'. In Shaun Young (ed.), Reflections on Rawls: An Assessment of His Legacy. Ashgate. 61--71.score: 459.0
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  42. Efrat Ram-Tiktin (2014). The Possible Effects of Moral Bioenhancement on Political Privileges and Fair Equality of Opportunity. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (4):43-44.score: 459.0
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  43. Bob Hepple (1990). Discrimination and Equality of Opportunity—Northern Irish Lessons. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 10 (3):408-421.score: 459.0
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  44. Richard Ameson (1999). Debate: Equality of Opportunity Defended and Recanted. Journal of Political Philosophy 7 (4).score: 459.0
     
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  45. Edward Andrew (1989). Equality of Opportunity as the Noble Lie. History of Political Thought 10 (4):577-595.score: 459.0
     
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  46. William Galston (1986). Equality of Opportunity and Liberal Theory. In Frank S. Lucash & Judith N. Shklar (eds.), Justice and Equality Here and Now. Cornell University Press. 89--107.score: 459.0
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  47. John H. Schaar (1980). Equality of Opportunity and the Just Society. In Gene Blocker & Elizabeth Smith (eds.), John Rawls' Theory of Social Justice. Ohio University Press. 162--184.score: 459.0
     
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  48. John Schaar (1997). Equality of Opportunity and Beyond. In Louis P. Pojman & Robert Westmoreland (eds.), Equality: Selected Readings. Oup Usa.score: 459.0
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  49. Daniel Butt (2012). Global Equality of Opportunity as an Institutional Standard of Distributive Justice. In Chi Carmody, Frank J. Garcia & John Linarelli (eds.), Global Justice and International Economic Law: Opportunities and Prospects. Cambridge University Press.score: 453.0
  50. Gopal Sreenivasan (2007). Health Care and Equality of Opportunity. Hastings Center Report 37 (2):21-31.score: 450.0
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