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Eric Kodish [20]Eric D. Kodish [2]
  1. Ellen Wright Clayton & Eric Kodish (forthcoming). Case Study: Baby Aaron and the Elders. Hastings Center Report.
     
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  2. Eric Kodish, Joseph J. Fins, Clarence Braddock, Felicia Cohn, Nancy Neveloff Dubler, Marion Danis, Arthur R. Derse, Robert A. Pearlman, Martin Smith, Anita Tarzian, Stuart Youngner & Mark G. Kuczewski (2013). Quality Attestation for Clinical Ethics Consultants: A Two‐Step Model From the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities. Hastings Center Report 43 (5):26-36.
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  3. Valarie Blake, Steve Joffe & Eric Kodish (2011). Harmonization of Ethics Policies in Pediatric Research. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (1):70-78.
    The International Conference on Harmonization of Technical Requirements for Registration of Pharmaceuticals for Human Use (ICH) was formed over 20 years ago with a goal of harmonizing research regulations among the European Union, United States, and Japan. Harmonization was intended to speed approval of pharmaceuticals, avoid unnecessary repetition of studies, and ensure protection of research participants. This paper examines United States, European Union, and ICH pediatric research regulations in five domains: parental permission, assent/dissent, payment, risk/benefit and inclusion of disabled children/wards (...)
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  4. Eric D. Kodish, Kathleen A. Kassimatis & Tsiao Yi Yap (2011). Both Sides of the Coin: Randomization From the Perspectives of Physician-Investigators and Patient-Subjects. Ethics and Behavior 20 (5):380-386.
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  5. Maxwell J. Mehlman, Jessica W. Berg, Eric T. Juengst & Eric Kodish (2011). Ethical and Legal Issues in Enhancement Research on Human Subjects. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 20 (1):30--45.
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  6. Martin L. Smith, Richard R. Sharp, Kathryn Weise & Eric Kodish (2010). Toward Competency-Based Certification of Clinical Ethics Consultants: A Four-Step Process. Journal of Clinical Ethics 21 (1):14.
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  7. Conrad Vincent Fernandez, Jun Gao, Caron Strahlendorf, Albert Moghrabi, Rebecca Davis Pentz, Raymond Carlton Barfield, Justin Nathaniel Baker, Darcy Santor, Charles Weijer & Eric Kodish, Providing Research Results to Participants: Attitudes and Needs of Adolescents and Parents of Children with Cancer.
    PURPOSE: There is an increasing demand for researchers to provide research results to participants. Our aim was to define an appropriate process for this, based on needs and attitudes of participants. METHODS: A multicenter survey in five sites in the United States and Canada was offered to parents of children with cancer and adolescents with cancer. Respondents indicated their preferred mode of communication of research results with respect to implications; timing, provider, and content of the results; reasons for and against (...)
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  8. Kate Read, Conrad Vincent Fernandez, Jun Gao, Caron Strahlendorf, Albert Moghrabi, Rebecca Davis Pentz, Raymond Carlton Barfield, Justin Nathaniel Baker, Darcy Santor, Charles Weijer & Eric Kodish, Decision-Making by Adolescents and Parents of Children with Cancer Regarding Health Research Participation.
    Background: Low rates of participation of adolescents and young adults (AYAs) in clinical oncology trials may contribute to poorer outcomes. Factors that influence the decision of AYAs to participate in health research and whether these factors are different from those that affect the participation of parents of children with cancer. Methods: This is a secondary analysis of data from validated questionnaires provided to adolescents (>12 years old) diagnosed with cancer and parents of children with cancer at 3 sites in Canada (...)
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  9. Conrad V. Fernandez, Darcy Santor, Charles Weijer, Caron Strahlendorf, Albert Moghrabi, Rebecca Pentz, Jun Gao & Eric Kodish, The Return of Research Results to Participants: Pilot Questionnaire of Adolescents and Parents of Children with Cancer.
    PURPOSE: The offer to return research results to participants is increasingly recognized as an ethical obligation, although few researchers routinely return results. We examined the needs and attitudes of parents of children with cancer and of adolescents with cancer to the return of research results. METHODS: Seven experts in research ethics scored content validity on parent and adolescent questionnaires previously developed through focus group and phone interviews. The questionnaires were revised and provided to 30 parents and 10 adolescents in a (...)
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  10. Christian Simon, Michelle Eder, Eric Kodish & Laura Siminoff (2006). Altruistic Discourse in the Informed Consent Process for Childhood Cancer Clinical Trials. American Journal of Bioethics 6 (5):40-47.
    Scholars have debated the role that altruistic considerations play?and should play?in recruitment and decision-making processes for clinical trials. Little empirical data are available to support their various perspectives. We analyzed 140 audiotaped pediatric informed consent sessions, of which 95 (68%) included at least one discussion of how participation in a cancer clinical trial might benefit: 1) the pursuit of scientific knowledge generally; 2) other children with cancer specifically; and 3) ?the future? and other vaguely defined recipients. Clinicians initiated most (80%) (...)
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  11. Conrad Vincent Fernandez, Shaureen Taweel, Eric D. Kodish & Charles Weijer, Disclosure of Research Result to Research Participants: Needs and Attitudes of Adolescents and Parents.
    BACKGROUND: Researchers have a moral responsibility to offer to return research results to participants, but the needs and attitudes of parents and adolescents with cancer in paediatric oncology regarding the issue are relatively unknown.OBJECTIVES: To explore the needs of potential research participants or their guardians with respect to the offer of a return of research results. METHODS: A questionnaire was used in a focus group and in telephone interviews with eight adolescents and 12 parents of children with cancer. The participants (...)
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  12. Paul J. Ford, Thomas G. Fraser, Mellar P. Davis & Eric Kodish (2005). Anti‐Infective Therapy at End of Life: Ethical Decision‐Making in Hospice‐Eligible Patients. Bioethics 19 (4):379-392.
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  13. Christian M. Simon & Eric Kodish (2005). "Step Into My Zapatos, Doc": Understanding and Reducing Communication Disparities in the Multicultural Informed Consent Setting. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 48 (1):123-S138.
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  14. Dennis Drotar, Victoria Miller, Victoria Willard, Kyle Anthony & Eric Kodish (2004). Correlates of Parental Participation During Informed Consent for Randomized Clinical Trials in the Treatment of Childhood Leukemia. Ethics and Behavior 14 (1):1 – 15.
    This study described parent participation in the informed consent conference for randomized clinical trials (RCTs) in childhood leukemia and documented the relationship of physician communication to parent participation. Parents of 140 children with newly diagnosed leukemia who were eligible for RCTs were studied at six sites using comprehensive methods involving direct observation and transcripts of parent-physician communication based on audiotapes. Parent participation during the informed consent conference reflected a wide range of content categories. Consistent with hypotheses, Physician Rapport and Partnership (...)
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  15. Victoria A. Miller, Dennis Drotar & Eric Kodish (2004). Children's Competence for Assent and Consent: A Review of Empirical Findings. [REVIEW] Ethics and Behavior 14 (3):255 – 295.
    This narrative review summarizes the empirical literature on children's competence for consent and assent in research and treatment settings. Studies varied widely regarding methodology, particularly in the areas of participant sampling, situational context studied (e.g., psychological versus medical settings), procedures used (e.g., lab-based vs. real-world approaches), and measurement of competence. This review also identified several fundamental dilemmas underlying approaches to children's informed consent. These dilemmas, including autonomy versus best interests approaches, legal versus psychological or ethical approaches, child- versus family-based approaches, (...)
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  16. Marion E. Broome, Eric Kodish, Gail Geller & Laura A. Siminoff (2003). Children in Research: New Perspectives and Practices for Informed Consent. Irb 5:S20 - S23.
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  17. Conrad V. Fernandez, Eric Kodish, Susan Shurin & Charles Weijer, Offering to Return Results to Research Participants: Attitudes and Needs of Principal Investigators in the Children's Oncology Group.
    PURPOSE: The offer to return a summary of results to participants after the conclusion of clinical research has many potential benefits. The authors determined current practice and attitudes and needs of researchers in establishing programs to return results to research participants. METHODS: An Internet survey of all 236 principal investigators (PIs) of the Children's Oncology Group in May 2002 recorded PI and institutional demographics, current practice, and perceived barriers to and needs of PIs for the creation of research results programs. (...)
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  18. Conrad V. Fernandez, Eric Kodish, Shaureen Taweel, Susan Shurin & Charles Weijer, Disclosure of the Right of Research Participants to Receive Research Results: An Analysis of Consent Forms in the Children's Oncology Group.
    BACKGROUND: The offer of return of research results to study participants has many potential benefits. The current study examined the offer of return of research results by analyzing consent forms from 2 acute lymphoblastic leukemia studies of the 235 institutional members of the Children's Oncology Group. METHODS: Institutional review board (IRB)-approved consent forms from 2 standard-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia studies (Children's Cancer Group [CCG] 1991 and Pediatric Oncology Group [POG] 9407) were analyzed independently by 2 reviewers. RESULTS: The authors received (...)
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  19. Conrad V. Fernandez, Eric Kodish & Charles Weijer, Importance of Informed Consent in Offering to Return Research Results to Research Participants.
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  20. Conrad V. Fernandez, Eric Kodish & Charles Weijer, Informing Study Participants of Research Results: An Ethical Imperative.
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  21. Ellen Wright Clayton & Eric Kodish (1999). Baby Aaron and the Elders. Hastings Center Report 29 (5):20 - discussion.
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  22. Eric Kodish (1997). Commentary: Risks and Benefits, Testing and Screening, Cancer, Genes and Dollars. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 25 (4):252-255.
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