Search results for 'Eric S. Brown' (try it on Scholar)

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Profile: Eric Brown (Washington University in St. Louis)
  1. Judith R. Blau & Eric S. Brown (2001). Du Bois and Diasporic Identity: The Veil and the Unveiling Project. Sociological Theory 19 (2):219-233.score: 960.0
    Positioning Du Bois's arguments in The Souls of Black Folk (1903) within social theory enhances our understanding of the phenomenological dimensions of racial oppression and of how oppressed groups build on members' differences, as well as on what they share, to construct a cosmopolitan and richly textured community. Du Bois wrote Souls just at the beginning of the Great Migration but indicated that geographical dispersion would deepen racial solidarity, enhance the meaningfulness of community, and emancipate individual group members through participation (...)
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  2. Eric A. Davidson, Alessandro C. de Araújo, Paulo Artaxo, Jennifer K. Balch, I. Foster Brown, Mercedes Mc Bustamante, Michael T. Coe, Ruth S. DeFries, Michael Keller & Marcos Longo (2012). The Amazon Basin in Transition. In Jeffrey Kastner (ed.), Nature. Mit Press. 321-328.score: 810.0
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  3. Harold Brown (1992). Brown's Rationality. Social Epistemology 6 (1):45 – 55.score: 780.0
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  4. R. Brown (1984). Book Reviews : Philosophical Disputes in the Social Sciences. Edited by S. C. BROWN. Sussex and New Jersey: Harvester Press and Humanities Press, 1979. Pp. X + 277. 15.95. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 14 (3):418-425.score: 780.0
  5. Eric Brown, Plato's Ethics and Politics in the Republic. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 720.0
    Plato's Republic centers on a simple question: is it always better to be just than unjust? The puzzles in Book One prepare for this question, and Glaucon and Adeimantus make it explicit at the beginning of Book Two. To answer the question, Socrates takes a long way around, sketching an account of a good city on the grounds that a good city would be just and that defining justice as a virtue of a city would help to define justice as (...)
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  6. Anthony D. Barnosky, Elizabeth A. Hadly, Jordi Bascompte, Eric L. Berlow, James H. Brown, Mikael Fortelius, Wayne M. Getz, John Harte, Alan Hastings & Pablo A. Marquet (2012). Approaching a State Shift in Earth/'s Biosphere. In Jeffrey Kastner (ed.), Nature. Mit Press. 52-58.score: 690.0
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  7. Eric Brown, Socrates the Stoic? Rethinking Protreptic, Eudaimonism, and the Role of Plato's Socratic Dialogues.score: 630.0
    In the Euthydemus, Socrates and young Cleinias agree, "Not one of the other things is good or bad, but of these two, one—wisdom—is good, and the other—ignorance—is bad" (281e3-5).1 To some, this is the outrageous and characteristically Stoic claim that wisdom is the only good.
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  8. Eric Brown (2000). Justice and Compulsion for Plato's Philosopher–Rulers. Ancient Philosophy 20 (1):1-17.score: 630.0
  9. Eric Brown (2004). Minding the Gap in Plato's Republic. Philosophical Studies 117 (1-2):275-302.score: 630.0
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  10. Eric A. Brown (1997). A Defense of Plato's Argument for the Immortality of the Soul at Republic X 608c-611a. Apeiron 30 (3):211 - 238.score: 630.0
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  11. Eric Brown (2002). Women in Plato's Political Theory. Ancient Philosophy 22 (1):189-193.score: 630.0
  12. Guy Hawkins, Scott D. Brown, Mark Steyvers & Eric-Jan Wagenmakers (2012). Context Effects in Multi-Alternative Decision Making: Empirical Data and a Bayesian Model. Cognitive Science 36 (3):498-516.score: 630.0
    For decisions between many alternatives, the benchmark result is Hick's Law: that response time increases log-linearly with the number of choice alternatives. Even when Hick's Law is observed for response times, divergent results have been observed for error rates—sometimes error rates increase with the number of choice alternatives, and sometimes they are constant. We provide evidence from two experiments that error rates are mostly independent of the number of choice alternatives, unless context effects induce participants to trade speed for accuracy (...)
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  13. Eric Brown (2003). Knowing the Whole: Comments on Gill, “Plato's Phaedrus and the Method of Hippocrates”. The Modern Schoolman 80 (4):315-323.score: 630.0
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  14. Richard Bett, Christopher Bobonich, David Bostock, Eric A. Brown, John M. Cooper, Dorothea Frede, David Gallop, Jonathan Lear, Nicholas D. Smith, Thomas M. Robinson, Christopher Shields, C. C. W. Taylor, Cass Weller & Bernard Williams (2001). Essays on Plato's Psychology. Lexington Books.score: 630.0
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  15. Richard Brown & Kevin S. Decker (eds.) (2009). Terminator and Philosophy: I'll Be Back, Therefore I Am. John Wiley & Sons.score: 480.0
    Time travelers and battles between people and machines provoke old philosophical questions: Can the past really be changed? How do we differentiate ourselves from machines? Can machines have an inner life? Brown (philosophy & critical thinking, LaGuardia Community Coll.) and Decker (philosophy, Eastern Washington Univ.; coeditor, Star Wars and Philosophy ) collect 19 essays by primarily young academics who pursue these questions with entertaining verve and philosophical skill. The Terminator story is about something well intentioned—a defense project—going wrong, but (...)
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  16. Warren S. Brown (1997). Mac Kay's View of Conscious Agents in Dialogue: Speculations on the Embodiment of Soul. Philosophical Psychology 10 (4):497 – 505.score: 480.0
    Donald MacKay's description of the embodiment of an efficacious conscious mind is reviewed as a version of non-reductive physicalism. Particular focus is given to MacKay's analysis of the emergence of consciousness in the capacity for self-evaluation which results from informational feedback regarding the results of action. Unique to MacKay's posthumously published Gifford Lectures is his analysis of agents in dialog as a particular form of an environmental feedback loop. His analysis of dialog is reviewed and expanded to encompass concepts (...)
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  17. Vivienne Brown (1995). Reading Adam Smith's Texts on Morals and Wealth. Economics and Philosophy 11 (02):344-.score: 480.0
    In his Comment , Richard Arlen Kleer accepts much of the argument in my article (Brown, 1991) but insists that I have (Kleer, 1993). Kleer agrees that there is a moral hierarchy in Adam Smith's Theory of Moral Sentiments (TMS) where benevolence and self-command are ranked higher than justice and prudence, but he is uneasy with the conclusion that economic activity and the pursuit of gain are activities and insists that they do have a significant moral standing. In addition, (...)
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  18. Norman Oliver Brown (1966/1990). Love's Body. University of California Press.score: 480.0
    Originally published in 1966 and now recognized as a classic, Norman O. Brown's meditation on the condition of humanity and its long fall from the grace of a natural, instinctual innocence is available once more for a new generation of readers. Love's Body is a continuation of the explorations begun in Brown's famous Life Against Death . Rounding out the trilogy is Brown's brilliant Apocalypse and/or Metamorphosis.
     
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  19. S. Makeig, G. G. Brown, S. S. Kindermann, T.-P. Jung, A. J. Bell, T. J. Sejnowski & M. J. McKeown (1998). Response From Martin McKeown, Makeig, Brown, Jung, Kindermann, Bell and Sejnowski. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (10):375.score: 460.0
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  20. Eric Brown, Aristotle on the Choice of Lives: Two Concepts of Self-Sufficiency.score: 450.0
    In Nicomachean Ethics I 5, Aristotle discusses four sorts of lives, giving preferred attention to the lives devoted to gratification, politics, and philosophical contemplation, and dismissing the one devoted to making money. On his account, those who live these different sorts of lives pursue manifestly different goals, and their different goals shape different evaluations of all of their actions, reactions, relations, and possessions. Hence, Aristotle simultaneously engages the traditional inquiry into which sort of life is best and extracts from that (...)
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  21. Eric Brown, Wishing for Fortune, Choosing Activity: Aristotle on External Goods and Happiness.score: 450.0
    In Book One of the Nicomachean Ethics (EN),1 Aristotle seeks to identify the human good, which he also calls eudaimonia2 or happiness (I 4, 1095a14-20) and which he explains as that for the sake of which one should do everything one does (I 7, 1097a22-24 and 1097a25- b21). After introducing the idea (in chapters one through three) and surveying some received accounts of it (in chapters four through six), he seems to give his definition in the seventh chapter, where he (...)
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  22. Eric Brown, Stoic Psychopathology.score: 450.0
    Apathy is the best-known feature of Stoicism; even Webster's records that a Stoic lives without passions.1 But it remains unclear what Stoic apathy amounts to, because it remains unclear what Stoics understand by passions and why they find passions problematic. In this essay, I start with four unsettled questions about the Stoic definition of passions, and to answer these questions, I explain the passions as central elements of Stoic psychopathology, that is, as defects relative to the Stoic account of the (...)
     
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  23. Eric Brown (2013). Vulnerability and the Basis of Business Ethics: From Fiduciary Duties to Professionalism. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 113 (3):489-504.score: 450.0
    This paper examines the role of vulnerability in the basis of business ethics by criticizing its role in giving a moral substantial character to fiduciary duties to shareholders. The target is Marcoux’s (Bus Ethics Q 13(1):1–24, 2003) argument for morally substantial fiduciary duties vis-à-vis the multifiduciary stakeholder theory. Rather than proceed to support the stakeholder paradigm, a conception of vulnerability is combined with Heath’s 2004) “market failure” view of the ethical obligations of managers as falling out of their roles as (...)
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  24. Eric Brown (2011). Control, Risk, and the Role of Luck in Moral Responsibility. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 18 (2):11-21.score: 450.0
    Questions about the role of luck in attributions of moral responsibility have troubled theorists for some time. In this paper I will explicate a position that acknowledges luck as a contributing factor to most, if not all, outcomes and consequences while denying luck the exculpatory role that some theorists contend it plays. I begin by going through the characterization of two perspectives on luck offered by Susan Wolf. From there I outline two necessary conditions for the legitimate attribution of praise (...)
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  25. David S. Brown (2002). Cicero's De Officiis. Teaching Philosophy 25 (2):151-159.score: 420.0
  26. Calvin S. Brown (1960). James Thomson and d'Annunzio on Dürer's Melencolia. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 19 (1):31-35.score: 420.0
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  27. F. Barone, A. O. Barut, E. Beltrametti, S. Bergia, R. A. Bertlmann, H. R. Brown, G. C. Ghirardi, D. M. Greenberger, D. Home & M. Jammer (1991). Bell's Theorem and the Foundations of Modern Physics. Foundations of Physics 21 (8).score: 420.0
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  28. Richard S. G. Brown (1985). Jarmolych's ”Nietzsche's Concept of Consciousness”. International Studies in Philosophy 17 (2):79-82.score: 420.0
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  29. David S. Brown (1997). Patricia Kitcher and “Kant's Real Self”. Southwest Philosophy Review 13 (1):163-174.score: 420.0
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  30. Malcolm S. Brown (1967). Plato Disapproves of the Slave-Boy's Answer. Review of Metaphysics 21 (1):57 - 93.score: 420.0
  31. Eric Brown, Hellenistic Cosmopolitanism, A. In & Mary Louise Gill (2010). A Comprehensive Overview of Cosmopolitan Literature Garrett Wallace Brown and Megan Kime. In Garrett Wallace Brown & David Held (eds.), The Cosmopolitanism Reader. Polity.score: 420.0
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  32. Elizabeth S. Anderson, F. R. Berger, David O. Brink, D. G. Brown, Amy Gutmann, Peter Railton, J. O. Urmson & Henry R. West (1997). Mill's Utilitarianism: Critical Essays. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.score: 420.0
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  33. R. Boyd, M. Brown, S. C. Brown, J. C. Bryce, J. Buchanan, C. Bulcaen, S. Burks, M. F. Bumyeat, G. Busino & C. Castelfranchi (2008). 290/Name Index Bouchaud, JP 112,116 Bousquet, GH 230 Bovens. L. 3, 61,139 Bowles, S. 216,229. In Maria-Carla Galavotti (ed.), Reasoning, Rationality and Probability. Csli Publications. 289.score: 420.0
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  34. K. Brakke, S. Savage-Rumbaugh, D. Breedlove, S. Brem, A. Brooks, C. Brown, D. Brown, J. Brown, R. Bulmer & R. Burt (2002). Boyes-Braem, P., See Rosch Et Al. Boyle, R., 347 Boysen, S., 69 Bradshaw. G., See Langley Et Al. In Peter Carruthers, Stephen P. Stich & Michael Siegal (eds.), The Cognitive Basis of Science. Cambridge University Press.score: 420.0
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  35. Alan S. Brown (1973). An Empirical Verification of Mednick's Associative Theory of Creativity. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 2 (6):429-430.score: 420.0
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  36. William S. Brown (2002). Ethics and the Business of Children's Public Television Programming. Teaching Business Ethics 6 (1):73-81.score: 420.0
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  37. Norman O. Brown & S. E. Pro (1989). Norman O. Brown. In Richard Kostelanetz (ed.), Esthetics Contemporary. Prometheus Books. 114.score: 420.0
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  38. S. Brown (2002). Personal Reflections Provoked by ASSC6 Steven Ravett Brown On Conference Styles. Journal of Consciousness Studies 9 (7):50-53.score: 420.0
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  39. Matthew J. Brown, Inquiry and Evidence: From the Experimenter's Regress to Evidence-Based Policy.score: 360.0
    In the first part of this paper, I will sketch the main features of traditional models of evidence, indicating idealizations in such models that I regard as doing more harm than good. I will then proceed to elaborate on an alternative model of evidence that is functionalist, complex, dynamic, and contextual, which I will call DYNAMIC EVIDENTIAL FUNCTIONALISM. I will demonstrate its application to an illuminating example of scientific inquiry, and defend it from some likely objections. In the second part, (...)
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  40. S. Brown (2000). Tip-of-the-Tongue Phenomena: An Introductory Phenomenological Analysis. Consciousness and Cognition 9 (4):516-537.score: 300.0
    The issue of meaningful yet unexpressed background-to language and to our experiences of the body-is one whose exploration is still in its infancy. There are various aspects of ''invisible,'' implicit, or background experiences which have been investigated from the viewpoints of phenomenology, cognitive psychology, and linguistics. I will argue that James's concept of the phenomenon of fringes, as explicated by Gurwitsch, provides a structural framework from which to investigate and better understand ideas and concepts that are indeterminate, particularly those experienced (...)
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  41. Matthew J. Brown (2009). Models and Perspectives on Stage: Remarks on Giere's Scientific Perspectivism. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 40 (2):213-220.score: 300.0
    Ron Giere's recent book Scientific Perspectivism sets out an account of science that attempts to forge a via media between two popular extremes: absolutist, objectivist realism on the one hand, and social constructivism or skeptical anti-realism on the other. The key for Giere is to treat both scientific observation and scientific theories as perspectives, which are limited, partial, contingent, context-, agent- and purpose-dependent, and pluralism-friendly, while nonetheless world-oriented and modestly realist. Giere's perspectivism bears significant similarly to early writings by Paul (...)
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  42. Harvey R. Brown & Oliver Pooley (2001). The Origins of the Spacetime Metric: Bell's Lorentzian Pedagogy and its Significance in General Relativity. In Craig Callender & Nick Huggett (eds.), Physics Meets Philosophy at the Plank Scale. Cambridge University Press. 256--72.score: 300.0
    The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the `Lorentzian Pedagogy' defended by J.S. Bell in his essay ``How to teach special relativity'', and to explore its consistency with Einstein's thinking from 1905 to 1952. Some remarks are also made in this context on Weyl's philosophy of relativity and his 1918 gauge theory. Finally, it is argued that the Lorentzian pedagogy---which stresses the important connection between kinematics and dynamics---clarifies the role of rods and clocks in general relativity.
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  43. Mark W. Brown (2008). The Place of Description in Phenomenology's Naturalization. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 7 (4):563-583.score: 300.0
    The recent move to naturalize phenomenology through a mathematical protocol is a significant advance in consciousness research. It enables a new and fruitful level of dialogue between the cognitive sciences and phenomenology of such a nuanced kind that it also prompts advancement in our phenomenological analyses. But precisely what is going on at this point of ‘dialogue’ between phenomenological descriptions and mathematical algorithms, the latter of which are based on dynamical systems theory? It will be shown that what is happening (...)
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  44. Morgan A. Brown, 11. “Review of Eagleton's Why Marx Was Right“. [REVIEW]score: 300.0
    This article is a critical review of Terry Eagleton’s latest publication, Why Marx Was Right (2011). Eagleton, one of the more celebrated Marxist literary critics in academia, presents his readers with a manifesto of Marxian individualism for the budding theoreticians of market socialism. This book represents Eagleton’s latest sally from [...].
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  45. Matthew J. Brown (2012). John Dewey's Logic of Science. Hopos 2 (2):258-306.score: 300.0
    In recent years, pragmatism in general and John Dewey in particular have been of increasing interest to philosophers of science. Dewey's work provides an interesting alternative package of views to those which derive from the logical empiricists and their critics, on problems of both traditional and more recent vintage. Dewey's work ought to be of special interest to recent philosophers of science committed to the program of analyzing ``science in practice.'' The core of Dewey's philosophy of science is his theory (...)
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  46. Matthew J. Brown, A Centennial Retrospective of John Dewey's "The Influence of Darwinism on Philosophy&Quot;.score: 300.0
    n 1909, the 50th anniversary of both the publication of Origin of the Species and his own birth, John Dewey published "The Influence of Darwin on Philosophy." This optimistic essay saw Darwin's advance not only as one of empirical or theoretical biology, but a logical and conceptual revolution that would shake every corner of philosophy. Dewey tells us less about the influence that Darwin exerted over philosophy over the past 50 years and instead prophesied the influence it would (or should) (...)
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  47. Alexander Brown (2007). An Egalitarian Plateau? Challenging the Importance of Ronald Dworkin's Abstract Egalitarian Rights. Res Publica 13 (3):255-291.score: 300.0
    Ronald Dworkin’s work on the topic of equality over the past twenty-five years or so has been enormously influential, generating a great deal of debate about equality both as a practical aim and as a theoretical ideal. The present article attempts to assess the importance of one particular aspect of this work. Dworkin claims that the acceptance of abstract egalitarian rights to equal concern and respect can be thought to provide a kind of plateau in political argument, accommodating as it (...)
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  48. H. R. Brown & G. Svetlichny (1990). Nonlocality and Gleason's Lemma. Part I. Deterministic Theories. Foundations of Physics 20 (11):1379-1387.score: 300.0
    J. S. Bell's classic 1966 review paper on the foundations of quantum mechanics led directly to the Bell nonlocality theorem. It is not widely appreciated that the review paper contained the basic ingredients needed for a nonlocality result which holds in certain situations where the Bell inequality is not violated. We present in this paper a systematic formulation and evaluation of an argument due to Stairs in 1983, which establishes a nonlocality result based on the Bell-Kochen-Specker “paradox” in quantum mechanics.
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  49. D. G. Brown (1973). What is Mill's Principle of Utility? Canadian Journal of Philosophy 3 (1):1-12.score: 300.0
    In mill the principle of utility does not ascribe rightness or wrongness to anything. It governs not just morality but the whole art of life. It says that happiness is the only thing desirable as an end. But the meaning of this formulation is problematic, Since mill's theory of practical reason conceives this desirability as an end as generating reasons for action for all agents in a way implying impartiality between self and others, Whereas in the ordinary sense it does (...)
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  50. Harvey R. Brown & Peter Holland, Dynamical Versus Variational Symmetries: Understanding Noether's First Theorem.score: 300.0
    It is argued that awareness of the distinction between dynamical and variational symmetries is crucial to understanding the significance of Noether's 1918 work. Specific attention is paid, by way of a number of striking examples, to Noether's first theorem, which establishes a correlation between dynamical symmetries and conservation principles.
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