Search results for 'Erica Friedman' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Rosamond Rhodes, Devra Cohen, Erica Friedman & David Muller (2004). Professionalism in Medical Education. American Journal of Bioethics 4 (2):20 – 22.score: 240.0
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  2. Harvey M. Friedman, Friedman@Math.Ohio-State.Edu.score: 180.0
    It has been accepted since the early part of the Century that there is no problem formalizing mathematics in standard formal systems of axiomatic set theory. Most people feel that they know as much as they ever want to know about how one can reduce natural numbers, integers, rationals, reals, and complex numbers to sets, and prove all of their basic properties. Furthermore, that this can continue through more and more complicated material, and that there is never a real problem.
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  3. Harvey Friedman, A Complete Theory of Everything: Satisfiability in the Universal Domain Harvey M. Friedman October 10, 1999 Friedman@Math.Ohio-State.Edu Www.Math.Ohio-State.Edu/~Friedman/. [REVIEW]score: 180.0
    Here we take the view that LPC(=) is applicable to structures whose domain is too large to be a set. This is not just a matter of class theory versus set theory, although it can be interpreted as such, and this interpretation is discussed briefly at the end.
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  4. Harvey Friedman, A Complete Theory of Everything: Satisfiability in the Universal Domain Harvey M. Friedman October 10, 1999 Friedman@Math.Ohio-State.Edu. [REVIEW]score: 180.0
    Here we take the view that LPC(=) is applicable to structures whose domain is too large to be a set. This is not just a matter of class theory versus set theory, although it can be interpreted as such, and this interpretation is discussed briefly at the end.
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  5. Lesley Friedman (1993). Reply to Flage's On Friedman's Look. Hume Studies 19 (1):199-202.score: 180.0
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  6. Milton Friedman (forthcoming). Milton Friedman's Case Against Corporate Social Responsibility. Business Ethics.score: 180.0
     
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  7. Milton Friedman (2006). Fanatical, Not Reasonable: A Short Correspondence Between Walter Block and Milton Friedman. Journal of Libertarian Studies 20 (3):61-80.score: 180.0
     
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  8. H. Friedman (1995). Sheard, M., See Friedman, H. Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 71:307.score: 180.0
     
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  9. Julius Lipner, Dermot Killingley & David Friedman (eds.) (1986). A Net Cast Wide: Investigations Into Indian Thought in Memory of David Friedman. Grevatt & Grevatt.score: 180.0
     
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  10. Milton Friedman (1954). Book Review:Essays in Positive Economics. Milton Friedman. [REVIEW] Ethics 65 (1):71-.score: 150.0
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  11. Jane Friedman (2013). Suspended Judgment. Philosophical Studies 162 (2):165-181.score: 60.0
    Abstract In this paper I undertake an in-depth examination of an oft mentioned but rarely expounded upon state: suspended judgment. While traditional epistemology is sometimes characterized as presenting a “yes or no” picture of its central attitudes, in fact many of these epistemologists want to say that there is a third option: subjects can also suspend judgment. Discussions of suspension are mostly brief and have been less than clear on a number of issues, in particular whether this third option should (...)
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  12. Harvey Friedman, Ramsey Theory and Enormous Lower Bounds.score: 60.0
    by Harvey M. Friedman Department of Mathematics Ohio State University friedman@math.ohio-state.edu www.math.ohio-state.edu/~friedman/ April 5, 1997..
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  13. Michael Friedman (1999). Reconsidering Logical Positivism. Cambridge University Press.score: 60.0
    In this collection of essays one of the preeminent philosophers of science writing today offers a reinterpretation of the enduring significance of logical positivism, the revolutionary philosophical movement centered around the Vienna Circle in the 1920s and '30s. Michael Friedman argues that the logical positivists were radicals not by presenting a new version of empiricism (as is often thought to be the case) but rather by offering a new conception of a priori knowledge and its role in empirical knowledge. (...)
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  14. Michael Friedman & Graham Bird (1998). Kantian Themes in Contemporary Philosophy. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):111–130.score: 60.0
    [Michael Friedman] This paper considers the extent to which Kant's vision of a distinctively 'transcendental' task for philosophy is essentially tied to his views on the foundations of the mathematical and physical sciences. Contemporary philosophers with broadly Kantian sympathies have attempted to reinterpret his project so as to isolate a more general philosophical core not so closely tied to the details of now outmoded mathematical-physical theories (Euclidean geometry and Newtonian physics). I consider two such attempts, those of Strawson and (...)
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  15. Michael Friedman (1992). Kant and the Exact Sciences. Harvard University Press.score: 60.0
    In this new book, Michael Friedman argues that Kant's continuing efforts to find a metaphysics that could provide a foundation for the sciences is of the utmost ...
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  16. Marilyn Friedman (2003). Autonomy, Gender, Politics. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    Women have historically been prevented from living autonomously by systematic injustice, subordination, and oppression. The lingering effects of these practices have prompted many feminists to view autonomy with suspicion. Here, Marilyn Friedman defends the ideal of feminist autonomy. In her eyes, behavior is autonomous if it accords with the wants, cares, values, or commitments that the actor has reaffirmed and is able to sustain in the face of opposition. By her account, autonomy is socially grounded yet also individualizing and (...)
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  17. Marilyn Friedman (2008). Virtues and Oppression: A Complicated Relationship. Hypatia 23 (3):pp. 189-196.score: 60.0
    This paper raises some minor questions about Lisa Tessman’s book, Burdened Virtues. Friedman’s questions pertain, among other things, to the adequacy of a virtue ethical focus on character, the apparent implication of virtue ethics that oppressors suffer damaged characters and are not any better off than the oppressed, the importance of whether privileged persons may have earned their privileges, and the oppositional anger that movement feminists sometimes direct against each other.
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  18. Michael Friedman (2013). Kant's Construction of Nature: A Reading of the Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science. Cambridge University Press.score: 60.0
    Michael Friedman's book develops a new and complete reading of this work and reconstructs Kant's main argument clearly and in great detail, explaining its relationship to both Newton's Principia and eighteenth-century scientific thinkers ...
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  19. Marilyn Friedman (2006). Nancy J. Hirschmann on the Social Construction of Women's Freedom. Hypatia 21 (4):182-191.score: 60.0
    : Nancy J. Hirschmann presents a feminist, social constructionist account of women's freedom. Friedman's discussion of Hirschmann's account deals with (1) some conceptual problems facing a thoroughgoing social constructionism; (2) three ways to modify social constructionism to avoid those problems; and (3) an assessment of Hirschmann's version of social constructionism in light of the previous discussion.
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  20. Michael Friedman, Mary Domski & Michael Dickson (eds.) (2010). Discourse on a New Method: Reinvigorating the Marriage of History and Philosophy of Science. Open Court.score: 60.0
    Addressing a wide range of topics, from Newton to Post-Kuhnian philosophy of science, these essays critically examine themes that have been central to the influential work of philosopher Michael Friedman.
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  21. Sy-David Friedman, Peter Koepke & Boris Piwinger (2006). Hyperfine Structure Theory and Gap 1 Morasses. Journal of Symbolic Logic 71 (2):480 - 490.score: 60.0
    Using the Friedman-Koepke Hyperfine Structure Theory of [2], we provide a short construction of a gap 1 morass in the constructible universe.
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  22. Jeffrey Friedman & Shterna Friedman (2011). Capitalism and the Jewish Intellectuals. Critical Review 23 (1-2):169-194.score: 60.0
    In Capitalism and the Jews, Jerry Z. Muller attempts to resolve Milton Friedman's paradox: Why is it that Jewish intellectuals have been so hostile to capitalism even though capitalism has so greatly benefited the Jews? In one chapter Muller answers, in effect, that Jewish intellectuals have not been anticapitalist. Elsewhere, however, Muller implicitly explains the leftist tendencies of most intellectuals?Jewish and gentile?by unspooling the anticapitalist thread in the main lines of Western thought, culminating in Marx but by no means (...)
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  23. Daniel Friedman (2008). Morals and Markets: An Evolutionary Account of the Modern World. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 60.0
    Economist and evolutionary game theorist Daniel Friedman demonstrates that our moral codes and our market systems-while often in conflict-are really devices evolved to achieve similar ends, and that society functions best when morals and markets are in balance with each other.
     
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  24. Harvey Friedman, Boolean Relation Theory Notes.score: 30.0
    We give a detailed extended abstract reflecting what we know about Boolean relation theory. We follow this by a proof sketch of the main instances of Boolean relation theory, from Mahlo cardinals of finite order, starting at section 19. The proof sketch has been used in lectures.
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  25. Harvey Friedman, A Consistency Proof for Elementary Algebra and Geometry.score: 30.0
    We give a consistency proof within a weak fragment of arithmetic of elementary algebra and geometry. For this purpose, we use EFA (exponential function arithmetic), and various first order theories of algebraically closed fields and real closed fields.
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  26. Harvey Friedman, Unprovable Theorems in Discrete Mathematics.score: 30.0
    An unprovable theorem is a mathematical result that can-not be proved using the com-monly accepted axioms for mathematics (Zermelo-Frankel plus the axiom of choice), but can be proved by using the higher infinities known as large cardinals. Large car-dinal axioms have been the main proposal for new axioms originating with Gödel.
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  27. Michael Friedman (2011). Carnap on Theoretical Terms: Structuralism Without Metaphysics. [REVIEW] Synthese 180 (2):249 - 263.score: 30.0
    Both realists and instrumentalists have found it difficult to understand (much less accept) Carnap's developed view on theoretical terms, which attempts to stake out a neutral position between realism and instrumentalism. I argue that Carnap's mature conception of a scientific theory as the conjunction of its Ramsey sentence and Carnap sentence can indeed achieve this neutral position. To see this, however, we need to see why the Newman problem raised in the context of recent work on structural realism is no (...)
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  28. Jane Friedman (2013). Rational Agnosticism and Degrees of Belief. Oxford Studies in Epistemology 4:57.score: 30.0
    There has been much discussion about whether traditional epistemology's doxastic attitudes are reducible to degrees of belief. In this paper I argue that what I call the Straightforward Reduction - the reduction of all three of believing p, disbelieving p, and suspending judgment about p, not-p to precise degrees of belief for p and not-p that ought to obey the standard axioms of the probability calculus - cannot succeed. By focusing on suspension of judgment (agnosticism) rather than belief, we can (...)
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  29. Michael Friedman (2008). Ernst Cassirer and Thomas Kuhn: The Neo-Kantian Tradition in History and Philosophy of Science. Philosophical Forum 39 (2):239-252.score: 30.0
  30. Harvey Friedman, Finite Trees and the Necessary Use of Large Cardinals.score: 30.0
    We introduce insertion domains that support the placement of new, higher, vertices into finite trees. We prove that every nonincreasing insertion domain has an element with simple structural properties in the style of classical Ramsey theory. This result is proved using standard large cardinal axioms that go well beyond the usual axioms for mathematics. We also establish that this result cannot be proved without these large cardinal axioms. We also introduce insertion rules that specify the placement of new, higher, vertices (...)
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  31. Harvey M. Friedman, Concept Calculus: Much Better Than.score: 30.0
    This is the initial publication on Concept Calculus, which establishes mutual interpretability between formal systems based on informal commonsense concepts and formal systems for mathematics through abstract set theory. Here we work with axioms for "better than" and "much better than", and the Zermelo and Zermelo Frankel axioms for set theory.
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  32. Harvey Friedman, Lecture Notes on Enormous Integers.score: 30.0
    We discuss enormous integers and rates of growth after [PH77]. This breakthrough was based on a variant of the classical finite Ramsey theorem. Since then, examples have been given of greater relevance to a number of standard mathematical and computer science contexts, often involving even more enormous integers and rates of growth.
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  33. Harvey Friedman, Godel's Legacy in Mathematical Philosophy.score: 30.0
    Gödel's definitive results and his essays leave us with a rich legacy of philosophical programs that promise to be subject to mathematical treatment. After surveying some of these, we focus attention on the program of circumventing his demonstrated impossibility of a consistency proof for mathematics by means of extramathematical concepts.
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  34. Michael Friedman (2002). Kant, Kuhn, and the Rationality of Science. Philosophy of Science 69 (2):171-90.score: 30.0
    This paper considers the evolution of the problem of scientific rationality from Kant through Carnap to Kuhn. I argue for a relativized and historicized version of the original Kantian conception of scientific a priori principles and examine the way in which these principles change and develop across revolutionary paradigm shifts. The distinctively philosophical enterprise of reflecting upon and contextualizing such principles is then seen to play a key role in making possible rational intersubjective communication between otherwise incommensurable paradigms.
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  35. Harvey Friedman, The Inevitability of Logical Strength: Strict Reverse Mathematics.score: 30.0
    An extreme kind of logic skeptic claims that "the present formal systems used for the foundations of mathematics are artificially strong, thereby causing unnecessary headaches such as the Gödel incompleteness phenomena". The skeptic continues by claiming that "logician's systems always contain overly general assertions, and/or assertions about overly general notions, that are not used in any significant way in normal mathematics. For example, induction for all statements, or even all statements of certain restricted forms, is far too general - mathematicians (...)
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  36. Harvey Friedman, Concept Calculus.score: 30.0
    PREFACE. We present a variety of basic theories involving fundamental concepts of naive thinking, of the sort that were common in "natural philosophy" before the dawn of physical science. The most extreme forms of infinity ever formulated are embodied in the branch of mathematics known as abstract set theory, which forms the accepted foundation for all of mathematics. Each of these theories embodies the most extreme forms of infinity ever formulated, in the following sense. ZFC, and even extensions of ZFC (...)
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  37. Marilyn Friedman (1995). Multicultural Education and Feminist Ethics. Hypatia 10 (2):56 - 68.score: 30.0
    Feminist ethics supports the contemporary educational trend toward increased multiculturalism and a diminished emphasis on the Western canon. First, I outline a feminist ethical justification for this development. Second, I argue that Western canon studies should not be altogether abandoned in a multicultural curriculum. Third, I suggest that multicultural education should help combat oppression in addition to simply promoting awareness of diversity. Fourth, I caution against an arrogant moralism in the teaching of multiculturalism.
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  38. Harvey Friedman, A Theory of Strong Indiscernibles.score: 30.0
    The Complete Theory of Everything (CTE) is based on certain axioms of indiscernibility. Such axioms of indiscernibility have been given a philosophical justification by Kit Fine. I want to report on an attempt to give strong indiscernibility axioms which might also be subject to such philosophical analysis, and which prove the consistency of set theory; i.e., ZFC or more. In this way, we might obtain a (new kind of) philosophical consistency proof for mathematics.
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  39. Harvey Friedman, Equational Boolean Relation Theory.score: 30.0
    Equational Boolean Relation Theory concerns the Boolean equations between sets and their forward images under multivariate functions. We study a particular instance of equational BRT involving two multivariate functions on the natural numbers and three infinite sets of natural numbers. We prove this instance from certain large cardinal axioms going far beyond the usual axioms of mathematics as formalized by ZFC. We show that this particular instance cannot be proved in ZFC, even with the addition of slightly weaker large cardinal (...)
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  40. Harvey Friedman, A Way Out.score: 30.0
    We present a way out of Russell’s paradox for sets in the form of a direct weakening of the usual inconsistent full comprehension axiom scheme, which, with no additional axioms, interprets ZFC. In fact, the resulting axiomatic theory 1) is a subsystem of ZFC + “there exists arbitrarily large subtle cardinals”, and 2) is mutually interpretable with ZFC + the scheme of subtlety.
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  41. Harvey Friedman, Discrete Independence Results.score: 30.0
    A bi-infinite approximate fixed point of type (n,k) is an approximate fixed point of type (n,k) whose terms are biinfinite; i.e., contain infin-itely many positive and infinitely many negative elements.
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  42. Michael Friedman (2002). Carnap, Cassirer, and Heidegger: The Davos Disputation and Twentieth Century Philosophy. European Journal of Philosophy 10 (3):263–274.score: 30.0
  43. Harvey M. Friedman, The Upper Shift Kernel Theorems.score: 30.0
    We now fix A ⊆ Q. We study a fundamental class of digraphs associated with A, which we call the A-digraphs. An A,kdigraph is a digraph (Ak,E), where E is an order invariant subset of A2k in the following sense. For all x,y ∈ A2k, if x,y have the same order type then x ∈ E ↔ y ∈ E.
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  44. Harvey Friedman (2000). Does Mathematics Need New Axioms? Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 6 (4):401 - 446.score: 30.0
    Since about 1925, the standard formalization of mathematics has been the ZFC axiom system (Zermelo Frankel set theory with the axiom of choice), about which the audience needs to know nothing. The axiom of choice was controversial for a while, but the controversy subsided decades ago.
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  45. Harvey Friedman, Interpreting Set Theory in Discrete Mathematics: Boolean Relation Theory.score: 30.0
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  46. Harvey Friedman, Limitations on Our Understanding of the Behavior of Simplified Physical Systems.score: 30.0
    There are two kinds of such limiting results that must be carefully distinguished. Results of the first kind state the nonexistence of any algorithm for determining whether any statement among a given set of statements is true or false.
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  47. Harvey Friedman, Adventures in the Verification of Mathematics.score: 30.0
    Mathematical statements arising from program verification are believed to be much easier to deal with than statements coming from serious mathematics. At least this is true for “normal programming”.
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  48. Harvey Friedman, Computer Assisted Certainty.score: 30.0
    Certainty (and the lack thereof) is a major issue in mathematics and computer science. Mathematicians strongly believe in a special kind of certainty for their theorems.
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  49. William J. Friedman (1990). About Time: Inventing the Fourth Dimension. Cambridge: MIT Press.score: 30.0
  50. Harvey Friedman, The Mathematical Meaning of Mathematical Logic.score: 30.0
    Each of these theorems and concepts arose from very specific considerations of great general interest in the foundations of mathematics (f.o.m.). They each serve well defined purposes in f.o.m. Naturally, the preferred way to formulate them for mathe-matical logicians is in terms that are close to their roots in f.o.m.
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