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  1. Erich H. Loewy & Roberta Springer Loewy (2007). Framing Issues in Health Care: Do American Ideals Demand Basic Health Care and Other Social Necessities for All? [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 15 (4):261-271.
    This paper argues for the necessity of universal health care (as well as universal free education) using a different argument than most that have been made heretofore. It is not meant to conflict with but to strengthen the arguments previously made by others. Using the second paragraph of the Declaration of Independence and the Preamble to the Constitution we argue that universal health care in this day and age has become a necessary condition if the ideals of life, liberty and (...)
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  2. Erich H. Loewy (2005). Age Discrimination at its Best: Should Chronological Age Be a Prime Factour in Medical Decision Making? Health Care Analysis 13 (2):101-117.
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  3. Erich H. Loewy (2005). In Defense of Paternalism. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (6):445-468.
    This paper argues that we have wrongly and not for the patient’s benefit made a form of stark autonomy our highest value which allows physicians to slip out from under their basic duty which has always been to pursue a particular patient’s good. In general – I shall argue – it is the patient’s right to select his or her own goals and the physician’s duty to inform the patient of the feasibility of that goal and of the means needed (...)
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  4. Erich H. Loewy & Roberta Springer Loewy (2005). Use and Abuse of Bioethics: Integrity and Professional Standing. Health Care Analysis 13 (1):73-86.
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  5. Erich H. Loewy (2004). Euthanasia, Physician Assisted Suicide and Other Methods of Helping Along Death. Health Care Analysis 12 (3):181-193.
    This paper introduces a series of papers dealing with the topic of euthanasia as an introduction to a variety of attitudes by health-care professionals and philosophers interested in this issue. The lead in paper—and really the lead in idea—stresses the fact that what we are discussing concerns only a minority of people lucky enough to live in conditions of acceptable sanitation and who have access to medical care. The topic of euthanasia and PAS really has three questions: (1) is killing (...)
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  6. Erich H. Loewy (2003). Education, Practice and Bioethics: Growing Barriers to Ethical Practice. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 11 (2):171-179.
    While Bioethics is now taught at all medical colleges in the United States as well as in other nations, and while discussions about Bioethics have become frequent in most medical journals there are increasing barriers to teaching and incorporating what has been taught into daily practice. I shall discuss some of these barriers and suggest that integrating the teaching of Bioethics throughout the curriculum after presenting some of the basic theory and methodology is the most effective way of teaching this (...)
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  7. Erich H. Loewy (2002). Bioethics: Past, Present, and an Open Future. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 11 (04):388-397.
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  8. Erich H. Loewy (2002). In Memoriam: David Thomasma. Hastings Center Report 32 (4):43.
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  9. Erich H. Loewy (2001). The Social Nexus of Healthcare. American Journal of Bioethics 1 (2):37.
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  10. Erich H. Loewy (2001). Who Should Receive Donor Organs? Advances in Bioethics 7:125-147.
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  11. Erich H. Loewy & Roberta Springer Loewy (2001). Bioethics at the Crossroad. Health Care Analysis 9 (4):463-476.
    Bioethics and its offspring Health-care Ethics have a variety ofuses and obligations among which and perhaps most importantly istheir social obligation. This paper raises questions as toBioethics fulfilling the necessary criteria for a profession,suggests that it can serve as a link between individual andcommunal problems, discusses the task of health-care ethics as well as ways of teaching it, lists some of the obligationsof health-care ethics professionals and discusses the dangers to and failings of these health-care professionals today. Itconcludes that we (...)
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  12. Mark G. Kuczewski, Rosa Lynn B. Pinkus & Erich H. Loewy (2000). Book Reviews-An Ethics Casebook for Hospitals: Practical Approaches to Everyday Cases. Bioethics-Oxford 14 (2):178-180.
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  13. Erich H. Loewy (2000). Of Healthcare Professionals, Ethics, and Strikes. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 9 (4):513-520.
    The question of whether physicians or other healthcare workers are ethically entitled to strike is troubling in that it entails a conflict in obligations. This question of a conflict of obligations (and the answer to it) has wider implications for many other workers.
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  14. Erich H. Loewy (2000). Presuming Consent, Presuming Refusal: Organ Donation and Communal Structure. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 8 (3):297-308.
    Donating, distributing and ultimately transplantingorgans each has distinct ethical problems. In thispaper I suggest that the first ethical question is notwhat should be done but what is a fair way in whicheach of these problems can be addressed. Experts –whether these be transplant surgeons, policy analysts,political scientists or ethicists – can help guidebut cannot by themselves make such decisions. Inmaking these decisions the difference betweenidentified and non-identified lives is crucial. Isuggest that an approach in which reason is temperedby compassion (``compassionate (...)
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  15. Erich H. Loewy (1999). Physician Assisted Dying and Death with Dignity: Missed Opportunities and Prior Neglected Conditions. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 2 (2):189-194.
    This paper argues that the world-wide debate about physician assisted dying is missing a golden opportunity to focus on the orchestration of the end of life. Such a process consists of far more than adequate pain control and is a skill which, like all other skills, needs to be learned and taught. The debate offers an opportunity to press for the teaching of this skill. Beyond this, the desire to assure that all can have access to palliative care makes sense (...)
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  16. Erich H. Loewy (1999). Health-Care Systems and Ethics: What Can We Learn? [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 7 (4):309-320.
    Health care systems in different countries and cultures differ and tend toreflect the particular values and, therefore, the particular socialstructure of a given society. Each of these has ethical problems unique toitself. Some of these problems are briefly discussed. So as to have anindividual ethical problem in the context of medical care, access tomedical care needs to be assured. It is argued that individual problems arethe primary issue in societies in which there is fair access whereas theyare of lesser importance (...)
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  17. Erich H. Loewy & Roberta Springer Loewy (1999). Lebensunwertes Leben and the Obligation to Die: Does the Obligation to Die Rest on a Misunderstanding of Community? [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 7 (1):23-36.
    In this paper the authors address the recent argument that we have an obligation to seek or actively bring about our own death when we burden others too greatly. Some of the problems with this argument and some of the practical conseqeuences of adopting such a point of view are discussed in this paper. We argue that the argument rests on an individualistic approach which sees the family being burdened as standing alone instead of seeing it as embedded in a (...)
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  18. Erich H. Loewy (1998). Curiosity, Imagination, Compassion, Science and Ethics: Do Curiosity and Imagination Serve a Central Function? [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 6 (4):286-294.
    Curiosity and imagination have been neglected in epistemology. This paper argues that the role of curiosity and imagination is central to the way we think, regardless of whether it is thinking about problems of ethics or problems of science. In our ever more materialistic society, curiosity and reason are either discouraged or narrowly channeled. I shall argue that the role of curiosity and imagination for both science and ethics is so important that nurturing them can be seen as an ethical (...)
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  19. Erich H. Loewy (1998). Justice and Health Care Systems: What Would an Ideal Health Care System Look Like? Health Care Analysis 6 (3):185-192.
    An ‘ideal’ health care system would be unencumbered by economic considerations and provide an ample supply of well-paid health care professionals who would supply culturally appropriate optimal health care to the level desired by patients. An ‘ideal’ health care system presupposes an ‘ideal’ society in which resources for all social goods are unlimited. Changes within health care systems occur both because of changes within the system and because of changes or demands in and by the ‘exterior environment’. Social systems must (...)
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  20. Erich H. Loewy (1998). Of Sentiment, Caring and Anencephalics: A Response to Sytsma. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (1):21-34.
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  21. Erich H. Loewy & Roberta Springer Loewy (1998). Of Cultural Practices, Ethics and Education: Thoughts About Affecting Changes in Cultural Practices. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 6 (1):45-51.
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  22. Erich H. Loewy & Roberta Springer Loewy (1998). Commentary. Of Cultural Practices, Ethics and Education: Thoughts About Affecting Changes in Cultural Practices. Health Care Analysis 6 (1):45-51.
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  23. Erich H. Loewy (1997). Developing Habits and Knowing What Habits to Develop: A Look at the Role of Virtue in Ethics. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (03):347-.
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  24. Erich H. Loewy (1997). Finding an Appropriate Ethic in a World of Moral Acquaintances. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 18 (1-2).
    This paper discusses the possibility of finding an ethic of at least partial and perhaps ever-growing content in a world not that of moral strangers (where we have nothing except our desire to live freely to unite us) and one of moral friends (in which values, goals and ways of doing things are held in common). I argue that both the world of moral strangers which Engelhardt's world view would support, as the world of moral friends which is the one (...)
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  25. Erich H. Loewy (1997). What Would a Socialist Health Care System Look Like? A Sketch. Health Care Analysis 5 (3):195-204.
    In this paper I argue that, since institutions must reflect the societies in which they are placed, a socialist health-care system cannot be understood unless democratic socialism—which would assure all of basic necessities of existence, full education and health-care to all members of the community—is not incompatible with a flourishing market for other products. In contrasting single with multiple tiered health care systems, I suggest that a single tiered system in which all have equal access to health care and none (...)
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  26. David C. Thomasma & Erich H. Loewy (1997). A Dialogue on Species-Specific Rights: Humans and Animals in Bioethics. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (04):435-.
  27. Erich H. Loewy (1996). Justice, Society, Physicians and Ethics Committees: Incorporating Ideas of Justice Into Patient Care Decisions. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 5 (04):559-.
  28. Erich H. Loewy (1996). Moral Strangers, Moral Acquaintance, and Moral Friends: Connectedness and its Conditions. State University of New York Press.
    Elaborates an ethic in which beneficence on a personal and communal level has moral force; proposes the idea of an interplay between compassion and reason to help address moral problems; and sketches the conditions necessary for a democratic approach to such problems.
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  29. Erich H. Loewy (1996). Of Community, Organs and Obligations: Routine Salvage with a Twist. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 17 (1).
    This paper makes the assumption that organ transplantation is, under some conditions at least, a proper use of communal medical resources. Proceeding from this assumption, the author: (1) sketches the history of the problem; (2) briefly examines the prevalent models of communal structure and offers an alternate version; (3) discusses notions of justice and obligation derived from these different models; (4) applies these to the practice of harvesting organs for transplantation; and then (5) offers a different process for harvesting organs (...)
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  30. David C. Thomasma & Erich H. Loewy (1996). Exploring the Role of Religion in Medical Ethics. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 5 (02):257-.
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  31. Erich H. Loewy (1995). Care Ethics: A Concept in Search of a Framework. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 4 (01):56-.
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  32. Erich H. Loewy (1995). Compassion, Reason, and Moral Judgment. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 4 (04):466-.
  33. Erich H. Loewy (1995). Kant, Health Care and Justification. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 16 (2).
    An argument based on Kant for access to health-care for all is a most helpful addition to prior discussions. My paper argues that while such a point of view is helpful it fails to be persuasive. What is needed, in addition to a notion of the legislative will, is a viewpoint of community which sees justice as originating not merely from considerations of reason alone but from a notion of community and from a framework of common human experiences and capabilities.
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  34. Erich H. Loewy (1995). Spending More on Health Care: An Idea Whose Time is Long Past. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 3 (3):248-250.
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  35. Erich H. Loewy (1994). Consultants and Committees: A Cooperative and Mutually Educational Enterprise. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 3 (03):478-.
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  36. Erich H. Loewy (1994). Institutional Morality, Authority, and Ethics Committees: How Far Should Respect for Institutional Morality Go? Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 3 (04):578-.
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  37. Erich H. Loewy (1994). Limiting But Not Abandoning Treatment in Severely Mentally Impaired Patients: A Troubling Issue for Ethics Consultants and Ethics Committees. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 3 (02):216-.
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  38. Erich H. Loewy (1994). Physicians, Friendship, and Moral Strangers: An Examination of a Relationship. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 3 (01):52-.
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  39. Erich H. Loewy (1994). Teaching Medical Ethics: Is It a Waste of Time? Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 3 (02):296-.
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  40. Erich H. Loewy (1994). Of Markets, Technology, Patients and Profits. Health Care Analysis 2 (2):101-109.
    In this paper I: (1) Describe something of the present situation in the United States and briefly contrast this with the state of affairs in other nations of the industrialised world. I emphasise health care but also allude to other social conditions: health care is merely one institution of a society and, just as do its other institutions, the system of health care reflects the basic world-view of that society. (2) Sketch the world-view and the philosophy which underwrites the use (...)
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  41. Erich H. Loewy (1994). Philosophy and its Role in Medicine: Inaugurating a New Section. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 15 (2).
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  42. Erich H. Loewy, Lawrence P. Ulrich, Miguel Bedolla, Robin Terrell Tucker & Melvina McCabe (1994). Furthering the Dialogue on Advance Directives and the Patient Self-Determination Act. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 3 (03):405-.
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  43. Erich H. Loewy (1993). An Inquiry Into Ethics Committees' Understanding: How Does One Educate the Educators? Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 2 (04):551-.
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  44. Erich H. Loewy (1993). Created From Animals James Rachels. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990. 245 Pp. [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 2 (01):112-.
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  45. Erich H. Loewy (1993). First or Second Class? Business and Professional Ethics Journal 12 (3):69-82.
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  46. Erich H. Loewy (1992). Healing and Killing, Harming and Not Harming: Physician Participation in Euthanasia and Capital Punishment. Journal of Clinical Ethics 3 (1):29.
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  47. Erich H. Loewy (1992). Suffering as a Consideration in Ethical Decision Making. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 1 (02):135-.
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  48. Erich H. Loewy (1991). Families, Communities, and Making Medical Decisions. Journal of Clinical Ethics 2 (3):150.
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  49. Erich H. Loewy & David C. Thomasma (1991). Suffering and the Beneficent Community: Beyond Libertarianism. State University of New York Press.
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  50. Erich H. Loewy (1990). Ethical and Communal Issues in Aids: An Introduction. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 11 (3):173-183.
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