Search results for 'Erin Street' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Robert Paul Churchill & Erin Street (2004). Is There a Paradox of Altruism? In Jonathan Seglow (ed.), Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy. F. Cass Publishers. 87-105.score: 240.0
    Behavioural scientists show altruism to exist as a distinctive personality. Yet when subjected to philosophical scrutiny, and altruistic personality is prima facie paradoxical. To motivate herself to help others, the altruist needs ?extensivity?, the capacity to compassionately identify with others. To aid others effectively, however, the altruist must have individuation, the possession of highly developed autonomy and self-efficacy. We assert that a better understanding of the relationship between concern for others and concern for self reveals the paradox to be merely (...)
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  2. Sharon Street (2006). A Darwinian Dilemma for Realist Theories of Value. Philosophical Studies 127 (1):109-166.score: 30.0
  3. Sharon Street (2010). What is Constructivism in Ethics and Metaethics? Philosophy Compass 5 (5):363-384.score: 30.0
    Most agree that when it comes to so-called 'first-order' normative ethics and political philosophy, constructivist views are a powerful family of positions. When it comes to metaethics, however, there is serious disagreement about what, if anything, constructivism has to contribute. In this paper I argue that constructivist views in ethics include not just a family of substantive normative positions, but also a distinct and highly attractive metaethical view. I argue that the widely accepted 'proceduralist characterization' of constructivism in ethics is (...)
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  4. Tony Street (2014). Philosophie in der Islamischen Welt, Band 1, 8.-10. Jahrhundert (Philosophy in the Islamic World, Volume 1, Eighth to Tenth Centuries) Edited by Ulrich Rudolph, with the Assistance of Renate Würsch (Review). [REVIEW] Philosophy East and West 64 (2):515-517.score: 30.0
    Philosophie in der Islamischen Welt, Band 1, 8.-10. Jahrhundert, edited by Ulrich Rudolph, is the first in a series of four volumes devoted to the history of philosophy in the Islamic world from earliest times down to today.1 Part of a larger project that has been under way, in one way or another, for 150 years, this volume marks an epochal moment in the study of Arabic philosophy. Never before in the field has there been a summary exposition so comprehensive, (...)
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  5. Robyn Carston & Gower Street, Semantics/Pragmatics Distinction.score: 30.0
    Most people working on linguistic meaning or communication assume that semantics and pragmatics are distinct domains, yet there is still little consensus on how the distinction is to be drawn. The position defended in this paper is that the semantics/pragmatics distinction holds between (context-invariant) encoded linguistic meaning and speaker meaning. Two other ‘minimalist’ positions on semantics are explored and found wanting: Kent Bach’s view that there is a narrow semantic notion of context which is responsible for providing semantic values for (...)
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  6. Sharon Street (2008). Reply to Copp: Naturalism, Normativity, and the Varieties of Realism Worth Worrying About. Philosophical Issues 18 (1):207-228.score: 30.0
  7. Sharon Street (2009). In Defense of Future Tuesday Indifference: Ideally Coherent Eccentrics and the Contingency of What Matters. Philosophical Issues 19 (1):273-298.score: 30.0
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  8. Tony Street, Arabic and Islamic Philosophy of Language and Logic. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 30.0
  9. Sharon Street (2008). Constructivism About Reasons. Oxford Studies in Metaethics 3:207-45.score: 30.0
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  10. Sharon Street (2009). Evolution and the Normativity of Epistemic Reasons. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 39 (sup1):213-248.score: 30.0
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  11. Marc D. Street, Chris Robertson & Scott W. Geiger (1997). Ethical Decision Making: The Effects of Escalating Commitment. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 16 (11):1153-1161.score: 30.0
    Despite the recent emergence of many new ethical decision making models, there has been minimal emphasis placed on the impact of escalating commitment on the ethical decision making process. In this paper a new variable is introduced into the ethical decision making literature. This variable, exposure to escalation situations, is posited to increase the likelihood that individuals will choose unethical decision alternatives. Further, it is proposed that escalation situations should be included as a variable in Jones's (1991) comprehensive model of (...)
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  12. Sharon Street (2011). Mind-Independence Without the Mystery: Why Quasi-Realists Can't Have It Both Ways. Oxford Studies in Metaethics 6:1-32.score: 30.0
  13. Russell Haines, Marc D. Street & Douglas Haines (2008). The Influence of Perceived Importance of an Ethical Issue on Moral Judgment, Moral Obligation, and Moral Intent. Journal of Business Ethics 81 (2):387 - 399.score: 30.0
    The study extends and tests the issue contingent four-component model of ethical decision-making to include moral obligation. A web-based questionnaire was used to gauge the influence of perceived importance of an ethical issue on moral judgment and moral intent. Perceived importance of an ethical issue was found to be a predictor of moral judgment but not of moral intent as predicted. Moral obligation is suggested to be a process that occurs after a moral judgment is made and explained a significant (...)
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  14. Tony Street (2002). An Outline of Avicennas Syllogistic. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 84 (2):129-160.score: 30.0
  15. C. A. Erin (2003). An Ethical Market in Human Organs. Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (3):137-138.score: 30.0
    While people’s lives continue to be put at risk by the dearth of organs available for transplantation, we must give urgent consideration to any option that may make up the shortfall. A market in organs from living donors is one such option. The market should be ethically supportable, and have built into it, for example, safeguards against wrongful exploitation. This can be accomplished by establishing a single purchaser system within a confined marketplace.Statistics can be dehumanising. The following numbers, however, have (...)
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  16. Rudy Giuliani & Wall Street (2005). It's the Economy, Stupid. Journal of Libertarian Studies 19 (4):19-36.score: 30.0
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  17. Tony Street (2000). Avicenna and Tusi on the Contradiction and Conversion of the Absolute. History and Philosophy of Logic 21 (1):45-56.score: 30.0
    Avicenna (d. 1037) and T?s? (d. 1274) have different doctrines on the contradiction and conversion of the absolute proposition. Following Avicenna's presentation of the doctrine in Pointers and reminders, and comparing it with what is given in T?s?'s commentary, allow us to pinpoint a major reason why Avicenna and T?s? have different treatments of the modal syllogistic. Further comparison shows that the syllogistic system Rescher described in his research on Arabic logic more nearly fits T?s? than Avicenna. This in turn (...)
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  18. Tony Street (1995). Tūsī on Avicenna's Logical Connectives∗. History and Philosophy of Logic 16 (2):257-268.score: 30.0
    T?s?, a thirteenth century logician writing in Arabic, uses two logical connectives to build up molecular propositions: ?if-then?, and ?either-or?. By referring to a dichotomous Tree, T?s? shows how to choose the proper disjunction relative to the terms in the disjuncts. He also discusses the disjunctive propositions which follow from a conditional proposition.
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  19. Robyn Carston & Gower Street, The Relationship Between Generative Grammar and (Relevance-Theoretic) Pragmatics.score: 30.0
    The generative grammar approach to language seeks a fully explicit account of the modular systems of knowledge (competence) that underlies the human language capacity. Similarly, the relevance-theoretic approach to pragmatics attempts an explicit characterisation of the sub-personal systems involved in utterance interpretation. As an on-line performance system, however, it is subject to certain additional constraints; this is demonstrated by the way in which matters of computational (processing effort) economy are currently employed in the two types of theory. A sub-module of (...)
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  20. Tony Street (2001). “The Eminent Later Scholar” in Avicenna's Book of the Syllogism. Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 11 (2):205-218.score: 30.0
    Avicenna refers on a number of occasions in his Book of the Syllogism to “the eminent later scholar” . At least three recent studies have argued or assumed that this eminent later scholar is Alexander of Aphrodisias. It is argued in this article that Avicenna is in fact referring to Alfarabi. This has consequences for reconstructing the lost first part of Alfarabi's Great Commentary on the Prior Analytics , for highlighting certain aspects of Alfarabi's logical doctrines, and for understanding more (...)
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  21. Marc Street & Vera L. Street (2006). The Effects of Escalating Commitment on Ethical Decision-Making. Journal of Business Ethics 64 (4):343 - 356.score: 30.0
    Although scholars have invoked the escalation framework as a means of explaining the occurrence of numerous organizationally undesirable behaviors on the part of decision makers, to date no empirical research on the potential influences of escalating commitment on the likelihood of unethical behavior at the individual level of analysis has been reported in either the escalation or the ethical decision-making literatures. Thus, the main purpose of this project is to provide a theoretical foundation and empirical support for the contention that (...)
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  22. John Street (2007). Breaking the Silence: Music's Role in Political Thought and Action. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 10 (3):321-337.score: 30.0
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  23. Tony Street (2010). Appendix: Readings of the Subject Term. Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 20 (1):119-124.score: 30.0
  24. Linda L. Street & Jason B. Luoma (2002). Control Groups in Psychosocial Intervention Research: Ethical and Methodological Issues. Ethics and Behavior 12 (1):1 – 30.score: 30.0
    This article summarizes a National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) workshop that was convened to address the ethical and methodological issues that arise when conducting controlled psychosocial interventions research and introduces 6 thoughtful and inspiring papers prepared by workshop participants. These papers, on topics ranging from informed consent to ethnic minority issues, reflect the depth and breadth of expertise represented by the multidisciplinary group of scientists and ethicists present at the meeting. More extensive follow-up, particularly from federal research applications and (...)
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  25. C. A. Erin & J. Harris (1999). Presumed Consent or Contracting Out. Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (5):365-366.score: 30.0
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  26. C. A. Erin (2003). Janet Radcliffe Richards on Our Modest Proposal. Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (3):141-141.score: 30.0
    Janet Radcliffe Richards is as always to the point and radical. We agree with her that “if it is presumptively bad to prevent sales altogether because lives will be lost . . . it is for the same reason presumptively bad to restrict the selling of organs”. Her complaint against our paper is that we are unnecessarily restrictive. John Harris indeed has argued that there are no sound ethical or philosophical reasons for objecting on principle to the sale of live (...)
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  27. Charles A. Erin & John Harris (1993). Aids: Ethics, Justice, and Social Policy. Journal of Applied Philosophy 10 (2):165-173.score: 30.0
  28. Charles A. Erin & Suzanne Ost (eds.) (2007). The Criminal Justice System and Health Care. Oup Oxford.score: 30.0
    This collection examines questions of medical accountability and ethics. It analyses how the criminal justice system regulates health care practice, and to what extent it is appropriate to use it as a tool to resolve ethical conflict in health care.
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  29. Alexandre Street (2010). On the Conditional Value-at-Risk Probability-Dependent Utility Function. Theory and Decision 68 (1-2):49-68.score: 30.0
    The Expected Shortfall or Conditional Value-at-Risk (CVaR) has been playing the role of main risk measure in the recent years and paving the way for an enormous number of applications in risk management due to its very intuitive form and important coherence properties. This work aims to explore this measure as a probability-dependent utility functional, introducing an alternative view point for its Choquet Expected Utility representation. Within this point of view, its main preference properties will be characterized and its utility (...)
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  30. G. R. Brown, C. P. Cross, S. E. Street & C. O. Brand (2014). Comment: Beyond "Evolutionary Versus Social": Moving the Cycle Shift Debate Forward. Emotion Review 6 (3):250-251.score: 30.0
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  31. Erik Nord, Andrew Street, Jeff Richardson, Helga Kuhse & Peter Singer (1996). The Significance of Age and Duration of Effect in Social Evaluation of Health Care. Health Care Analysis 4 (2):103-111.score: 30.0
    To give priority to the young over the elderly has been labelled ‘ageism’. People who express ‘ageist’ preferences may feel that, all else equal, an individual has greater right to enjoy additional life years the fewer life years he or she has already had. We shall refer to this asegalitarian ageism. They may also emphasise the greater expected duration of health benefits in young people that derives from their greater life expectancy. We may call thisutilitarian ageism. Both these forms of (...)
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  32. Tony Street (2004). Arabic Logic. In Dov M. Gabbay, John Woods & Akihiro Kanamori (eds.), Handbook of the History of Logic. Elsevier. 1--523.score: 30.0
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  33. R. Bennett, C. A. Erin, P. Burnard, K. Kendrick, V. Bryson, D. Cormack, J. Duxbury, P. Enderby, A. John & B. Petheram (2001). Allen D 2000: The Changing Shape of Nursing Practice. London: Routledge. 220 Pp.£ 15.99 (PB). ISBN 0 415 21649 4. [REVIEW] Nursing Ethics 8 (6).score: 30.0
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  34. [deleted]Cvejic Erin, Lloyd Andrew & Vollmer-Conna Ute (2013). Genetic and Inflammatory Correlates of Neurocognitive Performance During Naturally-Occurring Infective Illness. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 30.0
  35. K. Street (2000). The Decision Making Process Regarding the Withdrawal or Withholding of Potential Life-Saving Treatments in a Children's Hospital. Journal of Medical Ethics 26 (5):346-352.score: 30.0
    Objectives—To investigate the factors considered by staff, and the practicalities involved in the decision making process regarding the withdrawal or withholding of potential life-sustaining treatment in a children's hospital. To compare our current practice with that recommended by the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health guidelines, published in 1997.Design—A prospective, observational study using self-reported questionnaires.Setting—Tertiary paediatric hospital.Patients and participants—Consecutive patients identified during a six-month period, about whom a formal discussion took place between medical staff, nursing staff and family regarding (...)
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  36. [deleted]Goddard Erin & Clifford Colin (2013). Neural Correlates of Transparency Perception. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 30.0
  37. Elizabeth Manias & Annette Street (2000). Possibilities for Critical Social Theory and Foucault's Work: A Toolbox Approach. Nursing Inquiry 7 (1):50-60.score: 30.0
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  38. Sharon Street (2012). Coming to Terms with Contingency : Humean Constructivism About Practical Reason. In Jimmy Lenman & Yonatan Shemmer (eds.), Constructivism in Practical Philosophy. Oxford University Press.score: 30.0
     
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  39. Annette Street (1997). Editiorial. Nursing Inquiry 4 (2):79-79.score: 30.0
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  40. John Street (2000). Invisible Republics and Secret Histories: A Politics of Music. Journal for Cultural Research 4 (3):298-313.score: 30.0
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  41. John Street (1985). Japanese Reflexes of the Proto-Altaic Lateral. Journal of the American Oriental Society 105 (4):637-651.score: 30.0
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  42. Alan Street (1994). The Obbligato Recitative: Narrative and Schoenberg's Five Orchestral Pieces, Op. 16. In Anthony Pople (ed.), Theory, Analysis and Meaning in Music. Cambridge University Press. 183.score: 30.0
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  43. J. Copeman & A. Street (2014). The Image After Strathern: Art and Persuasive Relationality in India's Sanguinary Politics. Theory, Culture and Society 31 (2-3):185-220.score: 30.0
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  44. [deleted]Nicholas D. Duran, Rick Dale, Christopher T. Kello, Chris N. H. Street & Daniel C. Richardson (2013). Exploring the Movement Dynamics of Deception. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 30.0
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  45. Charles A. Erin (2001). Is There a Right to Remain in Ignorance of HIV Status? In Rebecca Bennett & Charles A. Erin (eds.), Hiv and Aids, Testing, Screening, and Confidentiality. Clarendon Press.score: 30.0
     
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  46. Anne Mason & Andrew Street (2006). Publishing Outcome Data: Is It an Effective Approach? Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (1):37-48.score: 30.0
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  47. Mary C. Politi & Richard L. Street (2011). The Importance of Communication in Collaborative Decision Making: Facilitating Shared Mind and the Management of Uncertainty. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (4):579-584.score: 30.0
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  48. Daniel C. Richardson, Chris Nh Street & Joanne Tan (2010). Joint Perception: Gaze and Beliefs About Social Context. In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.score: 30.0
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  49. Annette F. Street & David W. Kissane (2001). Discourses of the Body in Euthanasia: Symptomatic, Dependent, Shameful and Temporal. Nursing Inquiry 8 (3):162-172.score: 30.0
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  50. Brian Street (1993). Literacy and Nationalism. History of European Ideas 16 (1-3):225-228.score: 30.0
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