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Ernest W. Adams [41]Ernest Adams [10]Ernest Wilcox Adams [1]
  1.  140 DLs
    Ernest Adams (1965). The Logic of Conditionals. Inquiry 8 (1-4):166 – 197.
    The standard use of the propositional calculus ('P.C.?) in analyzing the validity of inferences involving conditionals leads to fallacies, and the problem is to determine where P.C. may be ?safely? used. An alternative analysis of criteria of reasonableness of inferences in terms of conditions of justification rather than truth of statements is proposed. It is argued, under certain restrictions, that P. C. may be safely used, except in inferences whose conclusions are conditionals whose antecedents are incompatible with the premises in (...)
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  2.  99 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams & William Y. Adams (1987). Purpose and Scientific Concept Formation. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 38 (4):419-440.
  3.  78 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams (1994). On the Method of Superposition. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (2):693-708.
  4.  71 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams (1978). Two Aspects of Physical Identity. Philosophical Studies 34 (August):111-134.
  5.  64 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams (1975). The Logic of Conditionals: An Application of Probability to Deductive Logic. D. Reidel Pub. Co..
    THE INDICATIVE CONDITIONAL. A PROBABILISTIC CRITERION OF SOUNDNESS FOR DEDUCTIVE INFERENCES Our objective in this section is to establish a prima facie case ...
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  6.  59 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams (1988). Modus Tollens Revisited. Analysis 48 (3):122 - 128.
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  7.  52 DLs
    Ellery Eells, Brian Skyrms & Ernest W. Adams (eds.) (1994). Probability and Conditionals: Belief Revision and Rational Decision. Cambridge University Press.
    This is a 'state of the art' collection of essays on the relation between probabilities, especially conditional probabilities, and conditionals. It provides new negative results which sharply limit the ways conditionals can be related to conditional probabilities. There are also positive ideas and results which will open up new areas of research. The collection is intended to honour Ernest W. Adams, whose seminal work is largely responsible for creating this area of inquiry. As well as describing, evaluating, and applying Adams' (...)
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  8.  41 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams (1996). Four Probability-Preserving Properties of Inferences. Journal of Philosophical Logic 25 (1):1 - 24.
    Different inferences in probabilistic logics of conditionals 'preserve' the probabilities of their premisses to different degrees. Some preserve certainty, some high probability, some positive probability, and some minimum probability. In the first case conclusions must have probability I when premisses have probability 1, though they might have probability 0 when their premisses have any lower probability. In the second case, roughly speaking, if premisses are highly probable though not certain then conclusions must also be highly probable. In the third case (...)
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  9.  38 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams (1966). On the Nature and Purpose of Measurement. Synthese 16 (2):125 - 169.
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  10.  35 DLs
    Ernest Adams (2002). Truth Values and the Value of Truth. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 83 (3):207–222.
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  11.  34 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams (1965). Elements of a Theory of Inexact Measurement. Philosophy of Science 32 (3/4):205-228.
    Modifications of current theories of ordinal, interval and extensive measurement are presented, which aim to accomodate the empirical fact that perfectly exact measurement is not possible (which is inconsistent with current theories). The modification consists in dropping the assumption that equality (in measure) is observable, but continuing to assume that inequality (greater or lesser) can be observed. The modifications are formulated mathematically, and the central problems of formal measurement theory--the existence and uniqueness of numerical measures consistent with data--are re-examined. Some (...)
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  12.  30 DLs
    Ernest Adams (1992). Formalizing the Logic of Positive, Comparative, and Superlative. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 34 (1):90-99.
  13.  27 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams (1977). A Note on Comparing Probabilistic and Modal Logics of Conditionals. Theoria 43 (3):186-194.
  14.  26 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams (1986). On the Logic of High Probability. Journal of Philosophical Logic 15 (3):255 - 279.
  15.  25 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams & Howard P. Levine (1975). On the Uncertainties Transmitted From Premises to Conclusions in Deductive Inferences. Synthese 30 (3-4):429 - 460.
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  16.  25 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams (1974). The Logic of 'Almost All'. Journal of Philosophical Logic 3 (1/2):3 - 17.
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  17.  22 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams (1998). Idealization in Applied First-Order Logic. Synthese 117 (3):331-354.
    Applying first-order logic to derive the consequences of laws that are only approximately true of empirical phenomena involves idealization of a kind that is akin to applying arithmetic to calculate the area of a rectangular surface from approximate measures of the lengths of its sides. Errors in the data, in the exactness of the lengths in one case and in the exactness of the laws in the other, are in some measure transmitted to the consequences deduced from them, and the (...)
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  18.  20 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams (1996). Topology, Empiricism, and Operationalism. The Monist 79 (1):1--20.
  19.  17 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams (1990). Review Article. Synthese 84 (1):139-152.
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  20.  17 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams (2005). On a Proportionality Analysis of Syllogistic Private Reasoning. Synthese 146 (1-2):129 - 138.
    . Syllogisms like Barbara, “If all S is M and all M is P, then all S is P”, are here analyzed not in terms of the truth of their categorical constituents, “all S is M”, etc., but rather in terms of the corresponding proportions, e.g., of Ss that are Ms. This allows us to consider the inferences’ approximate validity, and whether the fact that most Ss are Ms and most Ms are Ps guarantees that most Ss are Ps. It (...)
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  21.  15 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams (1970). Subjunctive and Indicative Conditionals. Foundations of Language 6 (1):89-94.
    The purpose of this note is to dispute Michael Ayers' claim that "there is no special problem of subjunctive conditionals".
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  22.  14 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams (1993). Classical Physical Abstraction. Erkenntnis 38 (2):145 - 167.
    An informal theory is set forth of relations between abstract entities, includingcolors, physical quantities, times, andplaces in space, and the concrete things thathave them, or areat orin them, based on the assumption that there are close analogies between these relations and relations between abstractsets and the concrete things that aremembers of them. It is suggested that even standard scientific usage of these abstractions presupposes principles that are analogous to postulates of abstraction, identity, and other fundamental principles of set theory. Also (...)
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  23.  13 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams (1988). A Note on Solidity. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 66 (4):512 – 516.
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  24.  12 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams (1995). Remarks on a Theorem of McGee. Journal of Philosophical Logic 24 (4):343 - 348.
  25.  11 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams (1998). Remarks on Wishes and Counterfactuals. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 79 (3):191–196.
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  26.  10 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams & Roger D. Rosenkrantz (1980). Applying the Jeffrey Decision Model to Rational Betting and Information Acquisition. Theory and Decision 12 (1):1-20.
  27.  9 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams (1981). Transmissible Improbabilities and Marginal Essentialness of Premises in Inferences Involving Indicative Conditionals. Journal of Philosophical Logic 10 (2):149 - 177.
  28.  8 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams (1988). Confirming Inexact Generalizations. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:10 - 16.
    I suppose that 'ravens are black' is an inexact generalization having a degree of truth measured by the proportion of ravens that are black, and a probability measured by its expected degree of truth in different 'possible worlds.' Given this, 'ravens are black' differs in truth, probability, and confirmation from 'non-black things are not ravens', and this suggests a new approach to Hempel's Paradox as well as to other aspects of confirmation. Basic concepts of a formal theory developing this approach (...)
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  29.  8 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams (1993). Probability and the Art of Judgement by Richard Jeffrey. Journal of Philosophy 90 (3):154-157.
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  30.  7 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams (1986). Continuity and Idealizability of Approximate Generalizations. Synthese 67 (3):439 - 476.
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  31.  7 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams (1986). On the Dimensionality of Surfaces, Solids, and Spaces. Erkenntnis 24 (2):137 - 201.
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  32.  6 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams (1972). Book Review:Geometry and Chronometry in Philosophical Perspective Adolf Grunbaum. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 39 (4):553-.
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  33.  6 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams (1997). Practical Possibilities. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 78 (2):113–127.
    That inferences of the form "If M then S and possibly M, therefore possibly S" are invalid in possible worlds modal logics can be viewed as another fallacy of material implication. However, this paper argues that properly analyzing this and related inferences requires treating the possibility involved as a practical modality. Specifically, ordinary language propositions of the form "It is possible that M" must be understood to mean that there is a non-negligible probability of M being the case. But this (...)
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  34.  6 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams (1987). On the Meaning of the C0nditi0nal. Philosophical Topics 15 (1).
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  35.  5 DLs
    Michael Martin, Robert L. Causey, Ernest W. Adams, Peter Achinstein & Peter Caws (1972). Reviews. [REVIEW] Synthese 25 (1-2):219-253.
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  36.  5 DLs
    Ernest Adams (1988). Stroll on Surfaces. Inquiry 31 (4):549 – 555.
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  37.  4 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams (1982). Approximate Generalizations and Their Idealization. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:199 - 207.
    Aspects of a formal theory of approximate generalizations, according to which they have degrees of truth measurable by the proportions of their instances for which they are true, are discussed. The idealizability of laws in theories of fundamental measurement is considered: given that the laws of these theories are only approximately true "in the real world", does it follow that slight changes in the extensions of their predicates would make them exactly true?
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  38.  3 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams (1996). The Genealogy of Disjunction. Philosophical Review 105 (1):87-89.
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  39.  2 DLs
    Ernest Adams (1998). A Primer of Probability Logic. Stanford: Csli Publications.
  40.  1 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams (1995). Problems and Prospects in a Theory of Inexact First-Order Theories. In HerfelWilliam (ed.), Theories and Models in Scientific Processes. Rodopi 44--313.
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  41.  1 DLs
    Ernest Adams (1966). ``Probability and the Logic of Conditionals&Quot. In Jaakko Hintikka & Patrick Suppes (eds.), Aspects of Inductive Logic. Amsterdam: North-Holland 165-316.
  42.  1 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams (1996). Peter Menzies. The Monist 79 (1).
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  43.  0 DLs
    Ernest Adams (1981). Truth, Proof and Conditionals. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 62 (4):323.
     
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  44.  0 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams (1964). On Rational Betting Systems. Archiv für Mathematische Logik Und Grundlagenforschung 6:7-29.
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  45.  0 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams (1984). Convention T's Pragmatic and Semantic Association, and Its Limitations. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 65 (2):124.
     
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  46.  0 DLs
    Peter Achinstein & Ernest Adams (1980). Prepared by Aron Edidin and Paul Boghossian. In Richard C. Jeffrey (ed.), Studies in Inductive Logic and Probability. Berkeley: University of California Press 2--299.
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  47.  0 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams (1984). On the Superficial. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 65 (4):386.
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  48.  0 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams (1972). Jaakko Hintikka and Patrick Suppes , "Information and Inference". Synthese 25 (1/2):234.
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  49.  0 DLs
    Ernest W. Adams (1993). On the Rightness of Certain Counterfactuals. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 74 (1):1-10.
     
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  50.  0 DLs
    Ernest Adams (1962). Models of Man, Social and Rational: Mathematical Essays on Rational Human Behavior in a Social Setting. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 59 (7):177-182.
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