Search results for 'Ernest Oscar Melby' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Ernest Oscar Melby (1977). The Education of Free Men. Greenwood Press.score: 290.0
     
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  2. Paul Ernest (1994). The Philosophy of Mathematics Education by Paul Ernest. Social Epistemology 8 (2):151 – 161.score: 120.0
  3. Paul Ernest (1993). Review of David Bloor's Knowledge and Social Imagery. [REVIEW] Philosophia Mathematica 1 (1).score: 30.0
  4. Paul Ernest (1997). The Legacy of Lakatos: Reconceptualising the Philosophy of Mathematics. Philosophia Mathematica 5 (2):116-134.score: 30.0
    Kitcher and Aspray distinguish a mainstream tradition in the philosophy of mathematics concerned with foundationalist epistemology, and a ‘maverick’ or naturalistic tradition, originating with Lakatos. My claim is that if the consequences of Lakatos's contribution are fully worked out, no less than a radical reconceptualization of the philosophy of mathematics is necessitated, including history, methodology and a fallibilist epistemology as central to the field. In the paper an interpretation of Lakatos's philosophy of mathematics is offered, followed by some critical discussion, (...)
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  5. Paul Ernest (1990). The Meaning of Mathematical Expressions: Does Philosophy Shed Any Light on Psychology? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 41 (4):443-460.score: 30.0
    Mathematicians and physical scientists depend heavily on the formal symbolism of mathematics in order to express and develop their theories. For this and other reasons the last hundred years has seen a growing interest in the nature of formal language and the way it expresses meaning; particularly the objective, shared aspect of meaning as opposed to subjective, personal aspects. This dichotomy suggests the question: do the objective philosophical theories of meaning offer concepts which can be applied in psychological theories of (...)
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  6. Paul Ernest (2001). Searching for Pragmatism in the Philosophy of Mathematics. Philosophia Mathematica 9 (3).score: 30.0
  7. Paul Ernest (1975). A Critique of Some Formal Theories of Meaning. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 26 (4):319-330.score: 30.0
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  8. Paul Ernest (1999). Critical Studies / Book Reviews. Philosophia Mathematica 7 (2):376-378.score: 30.0
  9. Paul Ernest (1991). The Philosophy of Mathematics Education. Falmer Press.score: 30.0
  10. Bruce Wilshire (2006). On Ernest Sosa's "on Dreaming". Pluralist 1 (1):53-62.score: 15.0
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  11. John L. Pollock, The Oscar Project.score: 15.0
    The objective of the OSCAR Project is twofold. On the one hand, it is to construct a general theory of rational cognition. On the other hand, it is to construct an artificial rational agent (an "artilect") implementing that theory. This is a joint project in philosophy and AI.
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  12. Ernest Gellner (1973/2003). Ernest Gellner: Selected Philosophical Themes. Routledge.score: 15.0
    Ernest Gellner made major contributions in very diverse fields, notably philosophy and social anthropology. His attacks on the orthodoxies of his time made it difficult for him to be fully accepted into either of these academic communities, but that suited him well enough: he seemed to enjoy leading a one-man crusade for critical rationalism, defending enlightenment universalism against the rising tides of idealism and relativism. His influence spread far beyond social anthropology: the fierce tone of the polemics of the (...)
     
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  13. William Ernest Hocking (2004). A William Ernest Hocking Reader: With Commentary. Vanderbilt University Press.score: 15.0
    Leading Harvard philosophy professor William Ernest Hocking (1873-1966), author of 17 books and in his day second only to John Dewey in the breadth of his thinking, is now largely forgotten, and his once-influential writings are out of print. This volume, which combines a rich selection of Hocking’s work with incisive essays by distinguished scholars, seeks to recover Hocking’s valuable contributions to philosophical thought.
     
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  14. S. D. Edwards (2008). Should Oscar Pistorius Be Excluded From the 2008 Olympic Games? Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 2 (2):112 – 125.score: 12.0
    This paper discusses the predicament of Oscar Pistorius. He is a Paralympic gold medallist who wishes to participate in the Olympics in Beijing in 2008. Following a brief introductory section, the paper discusses the arguments that could be, and have been, deployed against his participation in the Olympics, should he make the qualifying time for his chosen event (400m). The next section discusses a more hypothetical argument based upon a specific understanding of the fair opportunity rule. According to this, (...)
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  15. Guy Axtell (2011). Reflective Knowledge: Apt Belief and Reflective Knowledge – Ernest Sosa. Philosophical Quarterly 61 (242):203-205.score: 12.0
    A review of Ernest Sosa’s book Apt Belief and Reflective Knowledge. While I think Sosa is quite right that knowledge lies on a spectrum, and that its higher but not its lower reaches require of knowers, when challenged, a strong degree of explanatory coherence (ability to understand and discursively defend the basis of their beliefs), I also point out problems with certain aspects of his account.
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  16. Stephen Grimm (2001). Ernest Sosa, Knowledge, and Understanding. Philosophical Studies 106 (3):171--191.score: 12.0
    This paper offers and analysis of Ernest Sosa's Virtue Perspectivism. Although Sosa has been credited with fathering the influential contemporary movement known as Virtue Epistemology, I argue that Sosa imprudently abandons the reliabilist-based insights of Virtue Epistemology in favor of a reflection-based, "perspectival"' view. Sosa's mixed allegiance to reliabilist-based and reflection-based views of knowledge, in fact, leads to an unwelcome tension in his thought which can be relieved by recognizing that his reflection-based view is in fact an account of (...)
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  17. Laurens Landeweerd & Ivo van Hilvoorde (2008). Disability or Extraordinary Talent—Francesco Lentini (Three Legs) Versus Oscar Pistorius (No Legs). Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 2 (2):97-111.score: 12.0
    It seems fairly straightforward to describe what should and should not count as a disability into two separate and opposing categories. In this paper we will challenge this assumption and critically reflect on the narrow relations between the concepts of 'talent' and 'disability'. We further relate such matters of terminology and classification to issues of justice in what is conceived of as disability sport. Do current systems of classification do justice to the performances of disabled athletes? Is the organisation of (...)
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  18. John Pollock, Oscar: A Cognitive Architecture for Intelligent Agents.score: 12.0
    The “grand problem” of AI has always been to build artificial agents of human-level intelligence, capable of operating in environments of real-world complexity. OSCAR is a cognitive architecture for such agents, implemented in LISP. OSCAR is based on my extensive work in philosophy concerning both epistemology and rational decision making. This paper provides a detailed overview of OSCAR. The main conclusions are that such agents must be capablew of operating against a background of pervasive ignorance, because the (...)
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  19. Leopold Stubenberg (1992). What is It Like to Be Oscar? Synthese 90 (1):1-26.score: 12.0
    Oscar is going to be the first artificial person — at any rate, he is going to be the first artificial person to be built in Tucson's Philosophy Department. Oscar's creator, John Pollock, maintains that once Oscar is complete he will experience qualia, will be self-conscious, will have desires, fears, intentions, and a full range of mental states (Pollock 1989, pp. ix–x). In this paper I focus on what seems to me to be the most problematical of (...)
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  20. John Pollock, Oscar: A Cognitive Architecture for Intelligent Agents.score: 12.0
    The “grand problem” of AI has always been to build artificial agents with human-like intelligence. That is the stuff of science fiction, but it is also the ultimate aspiration of AI. In retrospect, we can understand what a difficult problem this is, so since its inception AI has focused more on small manageable problems, with the hope that progress there will have useful implications for the grand problem. Now there is a resurgence of interest in tackling the grand problem head-on. (...)
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  21. Stefan Schubert (2012). Ernest Gellner's Use of the Social Sciences in Philosophy. Philosophy of the Social Sciences (1):0048393112444319.score: 12.0
    It is well known that Ernest Gellner made substantial use of his knowledge of the social sciences in philosophy. Here I discuss how he used it on the basis of a few examples taken from Gellner’s philosophical output. It is argued that he made a number of highly original “translations”, orre-interpretations, of philosophical theories and problems using his knowledge of the social sciences. While this method is endorsed, it is also argued that some of Gellner’s translations crossed the line (...)
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  22. Ivo van Hilvoorde & Laurens Landeweerd (2008). Disability or Extraordinary Talentfrancesco Lentini (Three Legs) Versus Oscar Pistorius (No Legs). Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 2 (2):97 – 111.score: 12.0
    It seems fairly straightforward to describe what should and should not count as a disability into two separate and opposing categories. In this paper we will challenge this assumption and critically reflect on the narrow relations between the concepts of ?talent? and ?disability?. We further relate such matters of terminology and classification to issues of justice in what is conceived of as disability sport. Do current systems of classification do justice to the performances of disabled athletes? Is the organisation of (...)
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  23. Justin Fisher, The OSCAR Project.score: 12.0
    The objective of the OSCAR Project is twofold. On the one hand, it is to construct a general theory of rational cognition. On the other hand, it is to construct an artificial rational agent (an "artilect") implementing that theory. This is a joint project in philosophy and AI.
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  24. Sarah Mercer & Clare Sandford-Couch (2013). Legal Ethics in the Trial of Oscar Wilde. Legal Ethics 16 (1):119-133.score: 12.0
    This paper considers, in the context of an undergraduate law degree, how to encourage students to develop an awareness of ethical issues relating to membership of a 'profession' and how lawyers could and should conduct themselves, whilst retaining the notion of a law degree as part of a liberal arts education. It suggests an interdisciplinary approach, both in its content and its methodologies, as an innovative and interesting means of addressing issues of legal ethics and professional responsibility. It offers an (...)
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  25. Marion Vorms, Ernest Nagel's Conception of Models: When Agents Get Into the Picture of Theories.score: 12.0
    In this paper, I analyze the significance of Ernest Nagel's introduction of the notion of model in his reconstruction of scientific theories. Nagel's account is generally considered as a version of the "received view" of theories, whose main advocate is Carnap. However, I will show that Nagel's considerations on models imply a renunciation to the logical empiricists' project of the formalization of scientific theories. I will argue that Nagel implicitly acknowledges that, in order to study the content of theories, (...)
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  26. Siniša Malešević & Mark Haugaard (eds.) (2007). Ernest Gellner and Contemporary Social Thought. Cambridge University Press.score: 12.0
    Ernest Gellner was a unique scholar whose work covered areas as diverse as social anthropology, analytical philosophy, the sociology of the Islamic world, nationalism, psychoanalysis, East European transformations and kinship structures. Despite this diversity, there is an exceptional degree of unity and coherence in Gellner's work with his distinctly modernist, rationalist and liberal world-view evident in everything he wrote. His central problematic remains constant: understanding how the modern world came into being and to what extent it is unique relative (...)
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  27. Charles E. Trinkaus, Ernest Nagel, Arthur O. Lovejoy & V. J. McGill (1937). Four Letters on Ernest Nagel's Review of Lovejoy's "The Great Chain of Being". Science and Society 1 (3):410 - 416.score: 12.0
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  28. John Pollock, Oscar: An Agent Architecture Based on Defeasible Reasoning.score: 12.0
    Proceedings of the 2008 AAAI Spring Symposium on Architectures for Intelligent Theory-Based Agents. “OSCAR is a fully implemented architecture for a cognitive agent, based largely on the author’s work in philosophy concerning epistemology and practical cognition. The seminal idea is that a generally intelligent agent must be able to function in an environment in which it is ignorant of most matters of fact. The architecture incorporates a general-purpose defeasible reasoner, built on top of an efficient natural deduction reasoner for (...)
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  29. Ernest Nagel (1946). On the Interpretation of Probability Calculi Ernest Nagel. Synthese 5 (1/2):92 - 93.score: 12.0
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  30. Julia Stapleton (1994). Englishness and the Study of Politics: The Social and Political Thought of Ernest Barker. Cambridge University Press.score: 12.0
    The definition of 'Englishness' has become the subject of considerable debate, and in this important contribution tto Ideas in Context Julia Stapleton looks at the work of one of the most wide-ranging and influential theorists of the English nation, Ernest Barker. The first holder of the Chair of Political Science at Cambridge, Barker wrote prolifically on the history of political thought and contemporary political theory, and his writings are notable for fusing three of the dominant strands of late-nineteenth and (...)
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  31. Morgan Fritz (2013). Utopian Experimentation and Oscar Wilde's The Picture of Dorian Gray. [REVIEW] Utopian Studies 24 (2):283-311.score: 12.0
    Oscar Wilde’s interest in utopia is well known, largely because of the famous aphoristic statement—a departure from the usual Wildean epigram—found in the midst of his essay “The Soul of Man Under Socialism” (1891). To the anticipated criticism that his vision of a world in which scientists use “wonderful and marvelous things” to replace human labor might seem pejoratively “Utopian,” he responds that “a map of the world that does not include Utopia is not worth even glancing at, for (...)
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  32. Perrine Simon-Nahum (2004). Du langage à l'histoire des langues. La théorie du langage d'Ernest Renan. Methodos 2.score: 12.0
    On a trop souvent classé l’œuvre d’Ernest Renan dans le strict domaine de la linguistique ou dans l’histoire des religions, sans voir qu’elle reposait sur un fondement épistémologique original : l’acclimatation en France d’une lecture de la Critique de la faculté de juger de Kant. L’article étudie comment Renan élabore dans ses textes sur le langage publiés entre 1848 et 1855 une théorie de la connaissance qui se réalise au moyen d’une réflexion sur le langage. Le langage va donc (...)
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  33. Tod D. Swanson (2001). A Civil Art: The Persuasive Moral Voice of Oscar Romero. Journal of Religious Ethics 29 (1):127 - 144.score: 12.0
    When moral or religious teachings have public and political effects, analysis usually focuses on the message, but attention to the manner in which the teachings are communicated is equally important in understanding their power to influence the course of events. Oscar Romero's particular style of moral discourse was remarkably effective for three reasons: First, his moral reasoning resonated with Salvadoran identity. It was intelligible within those reigning assumptions about national history and territory that could actually move a public to (...)
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  34. J. Turri (2013). Appendix: Ernest Sosa: Selected Bibliography. In John Turri (ed.), Virtuous Thoughts: The Philosophy of Ernest Sosa. Springer. 16--225.score: 12.0
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  35. Richard Umbers, Book Reviews: Robert C Roberts and W Jay Wood, Intellectual Virtues: An Essay in Regulative Epistemology and Ernest Sosa, A Virtue Epistemology: Apt Belief and Reflective Knowledge.score: 12.0
    Virtue Epistemology has come a long way since Ernest Sosa first mooted its possibility in ‘The Raft and the Pyramid’, a paper about the pitfalls of coherentism and foundationalism. What makes Virtue Epistemology distinctive, as opposed to other forms of reliabilist externalism, is that the epistemic agent becomes the locus for justification rather than the belief. In the midst of a small but growing literature in this focus on the agent, two clear trends are emerging that reflect a difference (...)
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  36. Marco Wan (2011). A Matter of Style: On Reading the Oscar Wilde Trials as Literature. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 31 (4):709-726.score: 12.0
    The Oscar Wilde trials (1895) have usually been interpreted either as a historical document which gives insight into the regulation of sexuality in the late nineteenth century, or as literary biography explicating the playwright's life and works. Taking its cue from recent scholarship in ‘law and literature’, and also from Wilde's own conception of the relationship between art and life, this article proposes a reading of the trials which blurs the distinction between legal history and literary criticism by considering (...)
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  37. Constanza Amézquita Quintana (2009). Mario López, Carlos E. Martínez y Óscar Useche (Compiladores), Ciudadanos en son de paz. Propuestas de acción noviolenta para Colombia, Editorial Corporación Universitaria Minuto de Dios, Bogotá, 2008, 354 p. [REVIEW] Polis 22.score: 12.0
    La obra editada por Mario López, Carlos Eduardo Martínez y Óscar Useche constituye una aproximación al conocimiento de los procesos de construcción de paz desarrollados por distintas comunidades en el planeta y de los abordajes teóricos sobre el tema centrados en las nuevas formas de convivencia que surgen gracias a la fuerza de lo comunitario. Se trata de una compilación de dieciséis artículos elaborados por investigadores provenientes de enfoques diversos quienes presentan una reflexión so..
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  38. José Antonio Ábalos (2004). Óscar Liendo, La geografía profesional en Chile: pasado y presente, Universidad Bolivariana, Santiago, 2004, 478 p. Polis 8.score: 12.0
    PresentaciónEl día 22 de marzo en el Palacio Ariztía, sede en Santiago de la Cámara de Diputados fue presentado el libro “Geografía Profesional en Chile: Una Visión Retrospectiva Desde el Siglo XXI”, cuyo autor es Oscar Roberto Liendo Palma, y que forma parte de la Colección Estudios Profesionales, Universidad Bolivariana, marzo de 2004. Como se sabe, esta universidad inició el 2003 la carrera de Geografía, la tercera en Santiago y la quinta a nivel nacional, siendo la primera entre las (...)
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  39. Thomas Hylland Eriksen (2007). 7 Ernest Gellner and the Multicultural Mess. In Siniša Malešević & Mark Haugaard (eds.), Ernest Gellner and Contemporary Social Thought. Cambridge University Press.score: 12.0
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  40. Ernest Holmes (1989). The Holmes Papers: The Philosophy of Ernest Holmes. South Bay Church of Religious Science.score: 12.0
     
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  41. John Pollock, Oscar: An Architecture for Generally Intelligent Agents.score: 12.0
    OSCAR is a fully implemented architecture for a cognitive agent, based largely on the author’s work in philosophy concerning epistemology and practical cognition. The seminal idea is that a generally intelligent agent must be able to function in an environment in which it is ignorant of most matters of fact. The architecture incorporates a general-purpose defeasible reasoner, built on top of an efficient natural deduction reasoner for first-order logic. It is based upon a detailed theory about how the various (...)
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  42. Richard Colledge (2002). Ernest Becker and Emmanuel Levinas: Surprising Convergences. In Daniel Liechty (ed.), Death and Denial: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the Legacy of Ernest Becker. 175-184.score: 12.0
  43. Soraya Guimarães da Silva (2010). A caminho do silêncio: a filosofia de Escoto Eriúgena, de Oscar Bauchwitz. Princípios 14 (21):303-306.score: 12.0
    Resenha do livro de Bauchwitz, Oscar Federico. A caminho do silêncio: a filosofia de Escoto Eriúgena . Rio de Janeiro: Relume Dumará, 2003. 130 páginas. [Coleçáo Metafísica, n. 1].
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  44. A. Ernest Fitzgerald (1989). From A. Ernest Fitzgerald's Book, The Pentagonists, P. 237. The Society for Business Ethics Newsletter 1 (1):7-7.score: 12.0
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  45. Stephen Nathan Haymes (2006). American Educational Studies Association, 2005 George Kneller Lecture: Second Generation Memory and the Phenomenological Structure of Intergenerational Remembrance in Ernest Gaines's Fictional Life-World. Educational Studies 40 (3):226-245.score: 12.0
    (2006). American Educational Studies Association, 2005 George Kneller Lecture: Second Generation Memory and the Phenomenological Structure of Intergenerational Remembrance in Ernest Gaines's Fictional Life-World. Educational Studies: Vol. 40, No. 3, pp. 226-245.
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  46. Ernest Gockley Hoff (1944). Take Heart [by] Ernest G. Hoff. Elgin, Ill.,The Elgin Press.score: 12.0
     
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  47. Guillermo Lariguet (2009). Teoría y Praxis de los Principios Bioéticos. Una reflexión crítica sobre la obra de Ricardo Maliandi y Oscar Thüer. Dilemata 1 (1).score: 12.0
    In the present philosophical reflection my purpose consists of revising two big points based on the book Theory and Practice of Bioethics Principles, written by Ricardo Maliandi and Oscar Thüer. The first point is linked with the problem of foundation of ethics proposed by the authors. The second point is linked with the problem related with the model of ethical applicability proposed by the authors.
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  48. Alan Macfarlane (2007). 1 Ernest Gellner on Liberty and Modernity. In Siniša Malešević & Mark Haugaard (eds.), Ernest Gellner and Contemporary Social Thought. Cambridge University Press. 31.score: 12.0
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  49. Ernest Renan & Annie Petit (1991). Enseignement scientifique et culture selon Ernest Renan. Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 44 (1):23-60.score: 12.0
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  50. Soraya Guimarães da Silva (2007). A caminho do silêncio: a filosofia de Escoto Eriúgena, de Oscar Bauchwitz. Princípios 14 (21):303-306.score: 12.0
    Resenha do livro de Bauchwitz, Oscar Federico. A caminho do silêncio: a filosofia de Escoto Eriúgena . Rio de Janeiro: Relume Dumará, 2003. 130 páginas. [Coleçáo Metafísica, n. 1].
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