Search results for 'Ernest Oscar Melby' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Ernest Oscar Melby (1977). The Education of Free Men. Greenwood Press.
     
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  2.  11
    Paul Ernest (1994). The Philosophy of Mathematics Education by Paul Ernest. Social Epistemology 8 (2):151 – 161.
  3. Paul Ernest (2009). John Ernest, A Mathematical Artist. Philosophy of Mathematics Education Journal 24.
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  4.  54
    Paul Ernest (1997). The Legacy of Lakatos: Reconceptualising the Philosophy of Mathematics. Philosophia Mathematica 5 (2):116-134.
    Kitcher and Aspray distinguish a mainstream tradition in the philosophy of mathematics concerned with foundationalist epistemology, and a ‘maverick’ or naturalistic tradition, originating with Lakatos. My claim is that if the consequences of Lakatos's contribution are fully worked out, no less than a radical reconceptualization of the philosophy of mathematics is necessitated, including history, methodology and a fallibilist epistemology as central to the field. In the paper an interpretation of Lakatos's philosophy of mathematics is offered, followed by some critical discussion, (...)
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  5.  64
    Paul Ernest (1993). Review of David Bloor's Knowledge and Social Imagery. [REVIEW] Philosophia Mathematica 1 (1).
  6.  64
    Paul Ernest (1975). A Critique of Some Formal Theories of Meaning. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 26 (4):319-330.
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  7.  31
    Paul Ernest (1990). The Meaning of Mathematical Expressions: Does Philosophy Shed Any Light on Psychology? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 41 (4):443-460.
    Mathematicians and physical scientists depend heavily on the formal symbolism of mathematics in order to express and develop their theories. For this and other reasons the last hundred years has seen a growing interest in the nature of formal language and the way it expresses meaning; particularly the objective, shared aspect of meaning as opposed to subjective, personal aspects. This dichotomy suggests the question: do the objective philosophical theories of meaning offer concepts which can be applied in psychological theories of (...)
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  8.  14
    Paul Ernest (2001). Searching for Pragmatism in the Philosophy of Mathematics. Philosophia Mathematica 9 (3).
  9.  5
    Paul Ernest (1999). Critical Studies / Book Reviews. Philosophia Mathematica 7 (2):376-378.
  10.  12
    Jonathan Jong (2014). Ernest Becker's Psychology of Religion Forty Years On: A View From Social Cognitive Psychology. Zygon 49 (4):875-889.
    This article distinguishes between three projects in Ernest Becker's later work: his psychology of “religion,” his psychology of religion, and his psychology of Religion . The first is an analysis of culture and civilization as immortality projects, means by which to deny death. The second, which overlaps with the first, is a characterization of religion-as-practiced as a particularly effective immortality project vis-à-vis death anxiety. The third is less social scientific and more theological; Becker argues for a view of God (...)
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  11.  6
    Chienkuo Mi (2015). What Is Knowledge? When Confucius Meets Ernest Sosa. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 14 (3):355-367.
    In this essay I examine the role that reflection plays in knowledge. I argue that a notion of reflection grounded in ancient Chinese philosophy can help us understand second-order or reflective knowledge in both the accounts of Confucius and Ernest Sosa. I also argue that reflection can help us understand the most ideal kind of knowledge. I begin my paper by laying out Confucius’ and Sosa’s accounts of knowledge, while at the same time drawing the reader’s attention to their (...)
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  12.  7
    Stefan Schubert (2015). Ernest Gellner's Words and Things: A Case Study of Empirical Philosophy. Metaphilosophy 46 (2):300-316.
    This article considers how Ernest Gellner used sociology and anthropology to attack ordinary language philosophy in Words and Things. It argues that this attack can be seen as a part of the movement to make philosophy more empirical or “naturalized,” something that has not been generally noted. It also discusses what general lessons to draw from Words and Things regarding how empirical knowledge should be used in philosophy. Among other things, the article argues that one important lesson is that (...)
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  13.  5
    John A. Hall & Ian Jarvie (eds.) (1996). The Social Philosophy of Ernest Gellner. Rodopi.
    Contents: John A. HALL and Ian JARVIE: Preface. John A. HALL and Ian JARVIE: The Life and Times of Ernest Gellner. PART 1 INTELLECTUAL BACKGROUND. Ji_i MUSIL: The Prague Roots of Ernest Gellner's Thinking. Chris HANN: Gellner on Malinowski: Words and Things in Central Europe. Tamara DRAGADZE: Ernest Gellner in the Soviet East. PART 2 NATIONS AND NATIONALISM. Brendan O'LEARY: On the Nature of Nationalism: An Appraisal of Ernest Gellner's Writings on Nationalism. Kenneth MINOGUE: Ernest (...)
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  14. John Lachs & D. Micah Hester (eds.) (2004). A William Ernest Hocking Reader: With Commentary. Vanderbilt University Press.
    Leading Harvard philosophy professor William Ernest Hocking , author of 17 books and in his day second only to John Dewey in the breadth of his thinking, is now largely forgotten, and his once-influential writings are out of print. This volume, which combines a rich selection of Hocking's work with incisive essays by distinguished scholars, seeks to recover Hocking's valuable contributions to philosophical thought.
     
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  15. Leroy S. Rouner, William Ernest Hocking & Richard C. Gilman (1966). Philosophy, Religion, and the Coming World Civilization Essays in Honor of William Ernest Hocking. Martinus Nijhoff.
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  16. J. Stanek (2007). The Controversy Over Dilettantism and its Reflection in Czech Decadent Literature. Estetika: The Central European Journal of Aestetics; Until 2008: Estetika (Aesthetics) 44 (1-4).
    The article concentrates on a key concept of the Fin de Siecle in Europe – namely, “dilettantism” and its connection with Czech Decadent literature. Dilettantism, as explained by Paul Bourget in his essay on Ernest Renan , is characterized by the individual’s refusal to forego any possible experience by adhering to a setmode of life. The “dilettante critic” originates in the idea of the “critic as artist” as developed by Oscar Wilde, who in turn is indebted to Pater’s (...)
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  17.  53
    Bruce Wilshire (2006). On Ernest Sosa's "on Dreaming". Pluralist 1 (1):53-62.
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  18. John L. Pollock, The Oscar Project.
    The objective of the OSCAR Project is twofold. On the one hand, it is to construct a general theory of rational cognition. On the other hand, it is to construct an artificial rational agent (an "artilect") implementing that theory. This is a joint project in philosophy and AI.
     
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  19. R. Allier (1896). La Philosophie d'Ernest Renan. Philosophical Review 5:100.
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  20. Bernard Baertschi & François Azouvi (1985). Maine de Biran Et la Suisse Avec les Textes Inédits de Biran Et des Extraits de la Correspondance d'Ernest Naville. Cahiers de la Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie.
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  21. Ernest Gellner (1973). Ernest Gellner: Selected Philosophical Themes. Routledge.
    Ernest Gellner made major contributions in very diverse fields, notably philosophy and social anthropology. His attacks on the orthodoxies of his time made it difficult for him to be fully accepted into either of these academic communities, but that suited him well enough: he seemed to enjoy leading a one-man crusade for critical rationalism, defending enlightenment universalism against the rising tides of idealism and relativism. His influence spread far beyond social anthropology: the fierce tone of the polemics of the (...)
     
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  22. Ernest Gellner (2003). Ernest Gellner, Selected Philosophical Themes. Routledge.
    Ernest Gellner made major contributions in very diverse fields, notably philosophy and social anthropology. His attacks on the orthodoxies of his time made it difficult for him to be fully accepted into either of these academic communities, but that suited him well enough: he seemed to enjoy leading a one-man crusade for critical rationalism, defending enlightenment universalism against the rising tides of idealism and relativism. His influence spread far beyond social anthropology: the fierce tone of the polemics of the (...)
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  23. William Ernest Hocking (2004). A William Ernest Hocking Reader: With Commentary. Vanderbilt University Press.
    Leading Harvard philosophy professor William Ernest Hocking (1873-1966), author of 17 books and in his day second only to John Dewey in the breadth of his thinking, is now largely forgotten, and his once-influential writings are out of print. This volume, which combines a rich selection of Hocking’s work with incisive essays by distinguished scholars, seeks to recover Hocking’s valuable contributions to philosophical thought.
     
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  24. J. Piguet (1983). La Pensée d'Ernest Ansermet. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  25. Frederick Sontag (1989). The Return of the Gods a Philosophical/Theological Reappraisal of the Writings of Ernest Becker.
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  26. S. D. Edwards (2008). Should Oscar Pistorius Be Excluded From the 2008 Olympic Games? Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 2 (2):112 – 125.
    This paper discusses the predicament of Oscar Pistorius. He is a Paralympic gold medallist who wishes to participate in the Olympics in Beijing in 2008. Following a brief introductory section, the paper discusses the arguments that could be, and have been, deployed against his participation in the Olympics, should he make the qualifying time for his chosen event (400m). The next section discusses a more hypothetical argument based upon a specific understanding of the fair opportunity rule. According to this, (...)
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  27.  13
    S. Camporesi (2008). Oscar Pistorius, Enhancement and Post-Humans. Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (9):639-639.
    Oscar Pistorius was born without fibulas and had both legs amputated below the knee when he was 11 months old. A business student at the University of Pretoria, Pistorius runs with the aid of carbon-fibre artificial limbs and is the double amputee world record holder in the 100, 200 and 400 metres events.1“I don’t see myself as disabled,” says Oscar, “There’s nothing I can’t do that able-bodied athletes can do.”2 But then the question is: do prosthetic limbs simply (...)
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  28.  77
    Stephen R. Grimm (2001). Ernest Sosa, Knowledge, and Understanding. Philosophical Studies 106 (3):171--191.
    This paper offers and analysis of Ernest Sosa's Virtue Perspectivism. Although Sosa has been credited with fathering the influential contemporary movement known as Virtue Epistemology, I argue that Sosa imprudently abandons the reliabilist-based insights of Virtue Epistemology in favor of a reflection-based, "perspectival"' view. Sosa's mixed allegiance to reliabilist-based and reflection-based views of knowledge, in fact, leads to an unwelcome tension in his thought which can be relieved by recognizing that his reflection-based view is in fact an account of (...)
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  29. Heather Battaly (2009). A Virtue Epistemology: Apt Belief and Reflective Knowledge, Volume I • by Ernest Sosa. Analysis 69 (2):382-385.
    Ernest Sosa's A Virtue Epistemology, Vol. I is arguably the single-most important monograph to be published in analytic epistemology in the last ten years. Sosa , the first in the field to employ the notion of intellectual virtue – in his ground-breaking ‘The Raft and the Pyramid’– is the leading proponent of reliabilist versions of virtue epistemology. In A Virtue Epistemology, he deftly defends an externalist account of animal knowledge as apt belief , argues for a distinction between animal (...)
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  30.  19
    Ivo van Hilvoorde & Laurens Landeweerd (2008). Disability or Extraordinary Talentfrancesco Lentini (Three Legs) Versus Oscar Pistorius (No Legs). Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 2 (2):97 – 111.
    It seems fairly straightforward to describe what should and should not count as a disability into two separate and opposing categories. In this paper we will challenge this assumption and critically reflect on the narrow relations between the concepts of ?talent? and ?disability?. We further relate such matters of terminology and classification to issues of justice in what is conceived of as disability sport. Do current systems of classification do justice to the performances of disabled athletes? Is the organisation of (...)
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  31.  52
    Laurens Landeweerd & Ivo van Hilvoorde (2008). Disability or Extraordinary Talent—Francesco Lentini (Three Legs) Versus Oscar Pistorius (No Legs). Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 2 (2):97-111.
    It seems fairly straightforward to describe what should and should not count as a disability into two separate and opposing categories. In this paper we will challenge this assumption and critically reflect on the narrow relations between the concepts of 'talent' and 'disability'. We further relate such matters of terminology and classification to issues of justice in what is conceived of as disability sport. Do current systems of classification do justice to the performances of disabled athletes? Is the organisation of (...)
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  32.  66
    Stefan Schubert (2012). Ernest Gellner's Use of the Social Sciences in Philosophy. Philosophy of the Social Sciences (1):0048393112444319.
    It is well known that Ernest Gellner made substantial use of his knowledge of the social sciences in philosophy. Here I discuss how he used it on the basis of a few examples taken from Gellner’s philosophical output. It is argued that he made a number of highly original “translations”, orre-interpretations, of philosophical theories and problems using his knowledge of the social sciences. While this method is endorsed, it is also argued that some of Gellner’s translations crossed the line (...)
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  33.  74
    Guy Axtell (2011). Reflective Knowledge: Apt Belief and Reflective Knowledge – Ernest Sosa. Philosophical Quarterly 61 (242):203-205.
    A review of Ernest Sosa’s book Apt Belief and Reflective Knowledge. While I think Sosa is quite right that knowledge lies on a spectrum, and that its higher but not its lower reaches require of knowers, when challenged, a strong degree of explanatory coherence (ability to understand and discursively defend the basis of their beliefs), I also point out problems with certain aspects of his account.
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  34.  21
    Richard Colledge (2002). Ernest Becker and Emmanuel Levinas: Surprising Convergences. In Daniel Liechty (ed.), Death and Denial: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the Legacy of Ernest Becker. 175-184.
  35. John Pollock, Oscar: A Cognitive Architecture for Intelligent Agents.
    The “grand problem” of AI has always been to build artificial agents of human-level intelligence, capable of operating in environments of real-world complexity. OSCAR is a cognitive architecture for such agents, implemented in LISP. OSCAR is based on my extensive work in philosophy concerning both epistemology and rational decision making. This paper provides a detailed overview of OSCAR. The main conclusions are that such agents must be capablew of operating against a background of pervasive ignorance, because the (...)
     
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  36.  6
    Michael Walschots, Ernest Sosa and Virtuously Begging the Question.
    This paper discusses the notion of epistemic circularity, supposedly different from logical circu-larity, and evaluates Ernest Sosa’s claim that this specific kind of circular reasoning is virtuous rather than vicious. I attempt to determine whether or not the conditions said to make epistemic circularity a permissible instance of begging the question could make other instances of circular reasoning equally permissible.
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  37.  15
    A. Ernest Fitzgerald (1989). From A. Ernest Fitzgerald's Book, The Pentagonists, P. 237. The Society for Business Ethics Newsletter 1 (1):7-7.
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  38.  18
    Morgan Fritz (2013). Utopian Experimentation and Oscar Wilde's The Picture of Dorian Gray. [REVIEW] Utopian Studies 24 (2):283-311.
    Oscar Wilde’s interest in utopia is well known, largely because of the famous aphoristic statement—a departure from the usual Wildean epigram—found in the midst of his essay “The Soul of Man Under Socialism” (1891). To the anticipated criticism that his vision of a world in which scientists use “wonderful and marvelous things” to replace human labor might seem pejoratively “Utopian,” he responds that “a map of the world that does not include Utopia is not worth even glancing at, for (...)
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  39.  1
    Michael Walschots & Scott F. Aikin, Ernest Sosa and Virtuously Begging the Question.
    This paper discusses the notion of epistemic circularity, supposedly different from logical circu-larity, and evaluates Ernest Sosa’s claim that this specific kind of circular reasoning is virtuous rather than vicious. I attempt to determine whether or not the conditions said to make epistemic circularity a permissible instance of begging the question could make other instances of circular reasoning equally permissible.
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  40.  17
    Sarah Mercer & Clare Sandford-Couch (2013). Legal Ethics in the Trial of Oscar Wilde. Legal Ethics 16 (1):119-133.
    This paper considers, in the context of an undergraduate law degree, how to encourage students to develop an awareness of ethical issues relating to membership of a 'profession' and how lawyers could and should conduct themselves, whilst retaining the notion of a law degree as part of a liberal arts education. It suggests an interdisciplinary approach, both in its content and its methodologies, as an innovative and interesting means of addressing issues of legal ethics and professional responsibility. It offers an (...)
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  41.  37
    Leopold Stubenberg (1992). What is It Like to Be Oscar? Synthese 90 (1):1-26.
    Oscar is going to be the first artificial person — at any rate, he is going to be the first artificial person to be built in Tucson's Philosophy Department. Oscar's creator, John Pollock, maintains that once Oscar is complete he will experience qualia, will be self-conscious, will have desires, fears, intentions, and a full range of mental states (Pollock 1989, pp. ix–x). In this paper I focus on what seems to me to be the most problematical of (...)
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  42. John Pollock, Oscar: A Cognitive Architecture for Intelligent Agents.
    The “grand problem” of AI has always been to build artificial agents with human-like intelligence. That is the stuff of science fiction, but it is also the ultimate aspiration of AI. In retrospect, we can understand what a difficult problem this is, so since its inception AI has focused more on small manageable problems, with the hope that progress there will have useful implications for the grand problem. Now there is a resurgence of interest in tackling the grand problem head-on. (...)
     
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  43. John Pollock, Oscar: An Agent Architecture Based on Defeasible Reasoning.
    Proceedings of the 2008 AAAI Spring Symposium on Architectures for Intelligent Theory-Based Agents. “OSCAR is a fully implemented architecture for a cognitive agent, based largely on the author’s work in philosophy concerning epistemology and practical cognition. The seminal idea is that a generally intelligent agent must be able to function in an environment in which it is ignorant of most matters of fact. The architecture incorporates a general-purpose defeasible reasoner, built on top of an efficient natural deduction reasoner for (...)
     
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  44.  7
    J. Turri (2013). Appendix: Ernest Sosa: Selected Bibliography. In John Turri (ed.), Virtuous Thoughts: The Philosophy of Ernest Sosa. Springer 16--225.
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  45.  6
    A. Botterell (2014). Corrective Justice, by Ernest J. Weinrib. Mind 123 (491):966-970.
    A review of Ernest Weinrib's _Corrective Justice_.
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  46.  2
    Lenise Moura Fé Almeida (2014). O princípio responsabilidade, a esperança em Ernest Bloch E o orgulho nacional: Uma simétrica oposição entre a heurística do medo em Hans Jonas E a esperança social em Richard Rorty. Cadernos Do Pet Filosofia 5 (10):12-19.
    O presente trabalho tem como objetivo desenvolver uma comparação direta entre a ética da futurologia jonasiana e o neopragmatismo rortyano no que diz respeito ao tema da esperança na prática política. Este tema foi amplamente discutido por Ernest Bloch que propõe um princípio esperança capaz de ser o impulso basilar para que o homem transcenda o presente em direção ao futuro. Por sua vez, Richard Rorty aborda este tema enquanto esperança social, que diz respeito à manutenção do orgulho nacional (...)
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  47.  6
    Ruth Kinna (2004). The Jacobinism and Patriotism of Ernest Belfort Bax. History of European Ideas 30 (4):463-484.
    This article examines Ernest Belfort Bax's interpretation of the French Revolution and traces the impact that his idea of the Revolution had on his philosophy and his political thought. The first section considers Bax's understanding of the Revolution in the context of his theory of history and analyses his conception of the Revolution's legacy, drawing particularly on his portraits of Robespierre, Marat and Babeuf. The second section shows how the lessons Bax drew from this history shaped his socialist republicanism (...)
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  48.  6
    Marco Wan (2011). A Matter of Style: On Reading the Oscar Wilde Trials as Literature. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 31 (4):709-726.
    The Oscar Wilde trials (1895) have usually been interpreted either as a historical document which gives insight into the regulation of sexuality in the late nineteenth century, or as literary biography explicating the playwright's life and works. Taking its cue from recent scholarship in ‘law and literature’, and also from Wilde's own conception of the relationship between art and life, this article proposes a reading of the trials which blurs the distinction between legal history and literary criticism by considering (...)
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  49.  12
    Tod D. Swanson (2001). A Civil Art: The Persuasive Moral Voice of Oscar Romero. Journal of Religious Ethics 29 (1):127 - 144.
    When moral or religious teachings have public and political effects, analysis usually focuses on the message, but attention to the manner in which the teachings are communicated is equally important in understanding their power to influence the course of events. Oscar Romero's particular style of moral discourse was remarkably effective for three reasons: First, his moral reasoning resonated with Salvadoran identity. It was intelligible within those reigning assumptions about national history and territory that could actually move a public to (...)
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  50.  9
    Marion Vorms, Ernest Nagel's Conception of Models: When Agents Get Into the Picture of Theories.
    In this paper, I analyze the significance of Ernest Nagel's introduction of the notion of model in his reconstruction of scientific theories. Nagel's account is generally considered as a version of the "received view" of theories, whose main advocate is Carnap. However, I will show that Nagel's considerations on models imply a renunciation to the logical empiricists' project of the formalization of scientific theories. I will argue that Nagel implicitly acknowledges that, in order to study the content of theories, (...)
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