318 found
Order:
Disambiguations:
Ernest Sosa [312]Ernesto Sosa [20]
See also:
Profile: Ernest Sosa (Rutgers University - New Brunswick)
  1.  35
    Ernest Sosa (2010). Knowing Full Well. Princeton University Press.
    In this book, Ernest Sosa explains the nature of knowledge through an approach originated by him years ago, known as virtue epistemology. Here he provides the first comprehensive account of his views on epistemic normativity as a form of performance normativity on two levels. On a first level is found the normativity of the apt performance, whose success manifests the performer's competence. On a higher level is found the normativity of the meta-apt performance, which manifests not necessarily first-order skill or (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   51 citations  
  2. Ernest Sosa (2007). Experimental Philosophy and Philosophical Intuition. Philosophical Studies 132 (1):99-107.
    The topic is experimental philosophy as a naturalistic movement, and its bearing on the value of intuitions in philosophy. This paper explores first how the movement might bear on philosophy more generally, and how it might amount to something novel and promising. Then it turns to one accomplishment repeatedly claimed for it already: namely, the discrediting of armchair intuitions as used in philosophy.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   68 citations  
  3. Ernest Sosa (2007). A Virtue Epistemology. Oxford University Press.
    Ernest Sosa argues for two levels of knowledge, the animal and the reflective, each viewed as a distinctive human accomplishment.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   51 citations  
  4.  50
    Ernest Sosa (2009). Reflective Knowledge. Oxford University Press.
    The second part of the book presents an alternative beyond the historical positions of Part I, one that defends a virtue epistemology combined with epistemic ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   38 citations  
  5. Ernest Sosa (2000). For the Love of Truth? In Linda Zagzebski & Abrol Fairweather (eds.), Virtue Epistemology: Essays on Epistemic Virtue and Responsibility. Oxford: Oxford University Press 49-62.
    Rational beings pursue and value truth . Intellectual conduct is to be judged, accordingly, by how well it aids our pursuit of that ideal. I ask whether these platitudes mean, and whether they are true.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   14 citations  
  6.  17
    Ernest Sosa (1991). Knowledge in Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    From the back cover: "Ever since Plato, philosophers have faced one central question: What is the scope and nature of human knowledge? In this volume the distinguished philosopher Ernest Sosa has collected his essays on this subject written over a period of twenty-five years. All the major topics of contemporary epistemology are covered: the nature of propositional knowledge, externalism versus internalism, foundationalism versus coherentism, and the problem of the criterion. The resulting book is a valuable resource for scholars and can (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   105 citations  
  7. Ernest Sosa (1999). How to Defeat Opposition to Moore. Philosophical Perspectives 13 (s13):137-49.
    What modal relation must a fact bear to a belief in order for this belief to constitute knowledge of that fact? Externalists have proposed various answers, including some that combine externalism with contextualism. We shall find that various forms of externalism share a modal conception of “sensitivity” open to serious objections. Fortunately, the undeniable intuitive attractiveness of this conception can be explained through an easily confused but far preferable notion of “safety.” The denouement of our reflections, finally, will be to (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   76 citations  
  8. Ernest Sosa (2010). The Epistemology of Disagreement. In Adrian Haddock, Alan Millar & Duncan Pritchard (eds.), Social Epistemology. OUP Oxford
  9.  81
    Ernest Sosa (1991). Knowledge in Perspective: Selected Essays in Epistemology. Cambridge University Press.
    Ever since Plato, philosophers have faced one central question: what is the scope and nature of human knowledge? In this volume the distinguished philosopher Ernest Sosa collects essays on this subject written over a period of twenty-five years. All the major topics of contemporary epistemology are covered: the nature of propositional knowledge; externalism versus internalism; foundationalism versus coherentism; and the problem of the criterion.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   69 citations  
  10. Ernest Sosa (2015). Judgment and Agency. OUP Oxford.
    Ernest Sosa extends his distinctive approach to epistemology, intertwining issues concerning the role of the will in judgment and belief with issues of epistemic evaluation. While noting that human knowledge trades on distinctive psychological capacities, Sosa also emphasizes the role of the social in human knowledge.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  11. Jennifer Lackey & Ernest Sosa (eds.) (2006). The Epistemology of Testimony. Oxford University Press.
    Testimony is a crucial source of knowledge: we are to a large extent reliant upon what others tell us. It has been the subject of much recent interest in epistemology, and this volume collects twelve original essays on the topic by some of the world's leading philosophers. It will be the starting point for future research in this fertile field. Contributors include Robert Audi, C. A. J. Coady, Elizabeth Fricker, Richard Fumerton, Sanford C. Goldberg, Peter Graham, Jennifer Lackey, Keith Lehrer, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   26 citations  
  12. Ernest Sosa (2007). A Virtue Epistemology: Apt Belief and Reflective Knowledge, Volume I. OUP Oxford.
    Ernest Sosa presents a new approach to the problems of knowledge and scepticism. He argues for two levels of knowledge, the animal and the reflective, each viewed as a distinctive human accomplishment. Sosa's virtue epistemology illuminates different varieties of scepticism, the nature and status of intuitions, and epistemic normativity.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   22 citations  
  13. Ernest Sosa (2003). The Place of Truth in Epistemology. In Linda Zagzebski & Michael DePaul (eds.), Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives From Ethics and Epistemology. New York: Oxford University Press 155-180.
    ... With those who identify happiness [faring happily or well] with virtue or some one virtue our account is in harmony; for to virtue belongs virtuous activity. But it makes, perhaps, no small difference whether we place the chief good in possession or in use, in state of mind or in activity. For the state of mind may exist without producing any good result, as in a man who is asleep or in some other way quite inactive, but the activity (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   37 citations  
  14. Ernest Sosa (2010). How Competence Matters in Epistemology. Philosophical Perspectives 24 (1):465-475.
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   17 citations  
  15. Ernest Sosa (2000). Skepticism and Contextualism. Noûs 34 (s1):1-18.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   46 citations  
  16. Ernest Sosa (1997). Reflective Knowledge in the Best Circles. Journal of Philosophy 94 (8):410-430.
    According to Moore, his argument meets three conditions for being a proof: first, the premiss is different from the conclusion; second, he knows the premiss to be the case; and, third, the conclusion follows deductively.2 Further conditions may be required, but he evidently thinks his proof would satisfy these as well. As Moore is well aware, many philosophers will feel he has not given “...any satisfactory proof of the point in question."3 Some, he believes, will want the premiss itself proved. (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   35 citations  
  17. Ernest Sosa (2007). Intuitions: Their Nature and Epistemic Efficacy. Grazer Philosophische Studien 74 (1):51-67.
    This paper presents an account of intuitions, and a defense of their epistemic efficacy in general, and more specifically in philosophy, followed by replies in response to various objections.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   15 citations  
  18.  22
    Ernest Sosa (2002). Tracking, Competence, and Knowledge. In Paul K. Moser (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology. Oxford University Press 264--287.
    In “Tracking, Competence, and Knowledge,” Ernest Sosa notes that in attempting to account for the conditions for knowledge, externalists have proposed that the justification condition be replaced or supplemented by the requirement that a certain modal relation be obtained between a fact and a subject's belief concerning that fact. While assessing attempts to identify such a relation, he focuses on an account labeled “Cartesian‐tracking”, which accounts for the relation in the form of two conditionals. If a person S believes a (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   32 citations  
  19. Kurt Sylvan & Ernest Sosa (forthcoming). The Place of Reasons in Epistemology. In Daniel Star (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Reasons and Normativity.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  20. Ernest Sosa (1999). How Must Knowledge Be Modally Related to What Is Known? Philosophical Topics 26 (1/2):373-384.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   28 citations  
  21. Ernest Sosa (1980). The Raft and the Pyramid: Coherence Versus Foundations in the Theory of Knowledge. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 5 (1):3-26.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   36 citations  
  22.  21
    Ernest Sosa (2016). Knowledge in Action. In Bahr Amrei & Seidel Markus (eds.), Ernest Sosa. Targeting His Philosophy. Springer 1-13.
    It is argued that knowledge is a form of action. It is a kind of successful attempt to attain the truth. The success must avoid a particular sort of “epistemic luck”. It must derive from competence rather than luck. Knowledge, then, is a judgment or belief that aims at truth and attains accuracy not by luck but through the agent’s cognitive adroitness, so that the attainment is apt. A higher grade of knowledge then requires that the agent attain aptly not (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23. John Greco & Ernest Sosa (eds.) (1999). The Blackwell Guide to Epistemology. Blackwell.
    Written by an international assembly of leading philosophers, this volume includes seventeen newly-commissioned full-length survey articles on the central topics of epistemology.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   18 citations  
  24. Ernest Sosa (2005). Dreams and Philosophy. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 79 (2):7 - 18.
    That conception is orthodox in today’s common sense and also historically. Presupposed by Plato, Augustine, and Descartes, it underlies familiar skeptical paradoxes. Similar orthodoxy is also found in our developing science of sleep and dreaming.[2] Despite such confluence.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  25. Ernest Sosa (2010). Intuitions and Meaning Divergence. Philosophical Psychology 23 (4):419-426.
    Survey results are in the first instance utterances, which require interpretation. Moreover, when the results seem to involve disagreement in intuitive responses to a thought experiment, the results are most directly responsive to the scenario as envisaged by the particular subject, where the text of the example can give rise to relevantly different scenarios, depending on how the scenario is shaped by the subjects involved, under the guidance of the text. All of this opens up a defense of intuitions against (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  26. Ernest Sosa (2003). Davidson's Epistemology. In Kirk Ludwig (ed.), Contemporary Philosophy in Focus: Donald Davidson. Cambridge University Press
    Davidson’s epistemology, like Kant’s, features a transcendental argument as its centerpiece. Both philosophers reject any priority, whether epistemological or conceptual, of the subjective over the objective, attempting thus to solve the problem of the external world. For Davidson, three varieties of knowledge are coordinate—knowledge of the self, of other minds, and of the external world. None has priority. Despite the epistemologically coordinate status of the mind and the world, however, the content of the mind can be shown to entail how (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27.  84
    Ernest Sosa (2013). Epistemic Agency. Journal of Philosophy 110 (11):585-605.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  28. Ernest Sosa (2009). A Defense of the Use of Intuitions in Philosophy. In Michael Bishop & Dominic Murphy (eds.), Stich and His Critics. Blackwell 101--112.
  29. Ernest Sosa (2010). Value Matters in Epistemology. Journal of Philosophy 107 (4):167-190.
    In what way is knowledge better than merely true belief? That is a problem posed in Plato’s Meno. A belief that falls short of knowledge seems thereby inferior. It is better to know than to get it wrong, of course, and also better than to get it right by luck rather than competence. But how can that be so, if a true belief will provide the same benefits? In order to get to Larissa you do not need to know the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  30.  88
    John Turri & Ernest Sosa (2007). A Virtue Epistemology. In Byron Kaldis (ed.), Philosophical Studies. Sage 427-440.
    In my remarks, I discuss Sosa's attempt to deal with the sceptical threat posed by dreaming. Sosa explores two replies to the problem of dreaming scepticism. First, he argues that, on the imagination model of dreaming, dreaming does not threaten the safety of our beliefs. Second, he argues that knowledge does not require safety, but a weaker condition which is not threatened by dreaming skepticism. I raise questions about both elements of his reply.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   10 citations  
  31. Ernest Sosa (2009). Knowing Full Well: The Normativity of Beliefs as Performances. Philosophical Studies 142 (1):5 - 15.
    Belief is considered a kind of performance, which attains one level of success if it is true (or accurate), a second level if competent (or adroit), and a third if true because competent (or apt). Knowledge on one level (the animal level) is apt belief. The epistemic normativity constitutive of such knowledge is thus a kind of performance normativity. A problem is posed for this account by the fact that suspension of belief seems to fall under the same sort of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  32. Alvin Goldman, Ernest Sosa, Hilary Kornblith, John Greco, Jonathan Dancy, Laurence Bonjour, Linda Zagzebski, Julia Driver, James Montmarquet, Christopher Hookway, Ricard Paul, Guy Axtell & Casey Swank (eds.) (2000). Knowledge, Belief, and Character: Readings in Contemporary Virtue Epistemology. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This is a unique collection of new and recently-published articles which debate the merits of virtue-theoretic approaches to the core epistemological issues of knowledge and justified belief. The readings all contribute to our understanding of the relative importance, for a theory of justified belief, of the reliability of our cognitive faculties and of the individuals responsibility in gathering and weighing evidence. Highlights of the readings include direct exchanges between leading exponents of this approach and their critics.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   12 citations  
  33. Ernest Sosa (ed.) (2008). Epistemology: An Anthology. Blackwell Pub..
    New and thoroughly updated, Epistemology: An Anthology continues to represent the most comprehensive and authoritative collection of canonical readings in the theory of knowledge.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  34.  8
    Ernest Sosa, Knowledge, Reflection, and Action.
    Our main topic is epistemic agency, which can be either free or unfree. This aligns with a distinction between two sorts of knowledge, the reflective and the animal. We first take up the nature and significance of these two sorts of knowledge, starting with the reflective. In a second section we then consider the nature of suspension and how that relates suspension to higher orders of meta-belief. Finally, we consider a distinction in epistemology between animal competence and reflective justification. All (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  35. Ernest Sosa (2011). Can There Be a Discipline of Philosophy? And Can It Be Founded on Intuitions? Mind and Language 26 (4):453-467.
    This paper takes up the critique of armchair philosophy drawn by some experimental philosophers from survey results. It also takes up a more recent development with increased methodological sophistication. The argument based on disagreement among respondents suggests a much more serious problem for armchair philosophy and puts in question the standing of our would-be discipline.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  36. Ernest Sosa (1997). How to Resolve the Pyrrhonian Problematic: A Lesson From Descartes. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 85 (2-3):229-249.
    A main epistemic problematic, found already in Aristotle’s Posterior Analytics, presents a threefold choice on how a belief may be justified: either through infinitely regressive reasoning, or through circular reasoning, or through reasoning resting ultimately on some foundation. Aristotle himself apparently takes the foundationalist option when he argues that rational intuition is a foundational source of scientific knowledge. The five modes of Agrippa, which pertain to knowledge generally, again pose the same problematic, the “Pyrrhonian” problematic. And here Galen and the (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   17 citations  
  37.  98
    Ernest Sosa (2004). Relevant Alternatives, Contextualism Included. Philosophical Studies 119 (1-2):35-65.
    Since this paper is for a conference on “Contextualism in Epistemology and Beyond,” I have opted to sketch a retrospective of contextualism in epistemology, including highlights of the “relevant alternatives” approach, given how relevantism and contextualism have developed in tandem. We focus on externalist forms of contextualism, bypassing internalist forms such as Cohen 1988 and Lewis 1996, but much of our discussion will be applicable to contextualism generally. Internalist contextualism is helpfully discussed in papers by Stewart Cohen, Richard Feldman, and (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   11 citations  
  38. Ernest Sosa (1996). Rational Intuition: Bealer on its Nature and Epistemic Status. Philosophical Studies 81 (2-3):151--162.
    A discussion of George Bealer's conception and defense of rational intuition as a basis of philosophical knowledge, under three main heads: a) the phenomenology of intellectual intuition; b) the status of such intuition as a basic source of evidence, and the explanation of what gives it that status; and c) the defense of intuition against those who would reject it and exclude it on principle from the set of valid sources of evidence.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   15 citations  
  39. Ernest Sosa (2006). Intuitions and Truth. In Patrick Greenough & Michael P. Lynch (eds.), Truth and Realism. Oxford University Press 208--26.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   9 citations  
  40. Ernest Sosa (2003). Privileged Access. In Quentin Smith & Aleksandar Jokic (eds.), Consciousness: New Philosophical Perspectives. Oxford University Press 238-251.
    In Quentin Smith and Aleksander Jokic (eds.), Consciousness: New Philosophical Essays (OUP, 2002).
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  41.  55
    Ernest Sosa (1988). Beyond Scepticism, to the Best of Our Knowledge. Mind 97 (386):153-188.
    Epistemology is too far-flung and diverse for a survey in a single essay. I have settled for a snapshot which, though perforce superficial and partial, might yet provide an overview. My perspective is determined by the books and articles prominent in the recent literature and in my own recent courses and seminars. Seeing that the boundaries of our field have shifted through the ages and are even now very ill-marked, I have chosen two central issues, each under vigorous and many-sided (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   22 citations  
  42.  80
    Ernest Sosa (1984). Mind-Body Interaction and Supervenient Causation. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 9 (1):271-81.
    The mind-body problem arises because of our status as double agents apparently en rapport both with the mental and with the physical. We think, desire, decide, plan, suffer passions, fall into moods, are subject to sensory experiences, ostensibly perceive, intend, reason, make believe, and so on. We also move, have a certain geographical position, a certain height and weight, and we are sometimes hit or cut or burned. In other words, human beings have both minds and bodies. What is the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   22 citations  
  43.  85
    Ernest Sosa (2009). Timothy Williamson's Knowledge and its Limits. In Patrick Greenough & Duncan Pritchard (eds.), Williamson on Knowledge. OUP Oxford 203--16.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  44.  16
    Frank Jackson, Jesse J. Prinz, Ernest Sosa & Kim Sterelny (2009). Viii Notes on Contributors Alvin Goldman is Board of Governors Professor of Philosophy and Cognitive Science at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey. His Principal Research Areas Are Episte-Mology, Philosophy of Mind, and Cognitive Science. His Most Recent Book is Simulating Minds (2006). [REVIEW] In Michael Bishop & Dominic Murphy (eds.), Stich and His Critics. Blackwell
  45.  13
    Ernest Sosa (forthcoming). Replies to Comments on Judgment and Agency. Philosophical Studies:1-13.
    This paper is part of a book symposium on my Judgment and Agency. Here I reply to the comments of three commentators: Jason Baehr, Imogen Dickie, and Hilary Kornblith.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46.  59
    Ernest Sosa (2011). Replies. Philosophical Papers 40 (3):341 - 358.
    Philosophical Papers, Volume 40, Issue 3, Page 341-358, November 2011.
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  47. Ernest Sosa (2009). Reflective Knowledge: Apt Belief and Reflective Knowledge, Volume Ii. OUP Oxford.
    Reflective Knowledge draws together ground-breaking work in epistemology by Ernest Sosa. He argues for a reflective virtue epistemology based on virtuous circularity, shows how this idea may be found explicitly or just below the surface in such illustrious predecessors as Descartes and Moore, and defends the view against its rivals.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  48. Ernest Sosa (1993). Putnam's Pragmatic Realism. Journal of Philosophy 60 (12):605-626.
  49. Ernest Sosa (1999). Existential Relativity. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 23 (1):132–143.
  50.  67
    Ernest Sosa (2001). Goldman's Reliabilism and Virtue Epistemology. Philosophical Topics 29 (1/2):383-400.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
1 — 50 / 318