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  1. Ernst Mayr, The Unofficial Stephen Jay Gould Archive.
    Theories postulating saltational evolution are a necessary consequence of essentialism. If one believes in constant types, only the sudden production of a new type can lead to evolutionary change. That such saltations can occur and indeed that their occurrence is a necessity is an old belief. Almost all of the theories of evolution described by H. F. Osborn (1894) in his From the Greek s to Darwin were saltational theories, that is, theories of the sudden origin of new kinds. The (...)
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  2. Ernst Mayr (forthcoming). The Idea of Teleology. Journal of the History of Ideas.
  3. Ernst Mayr (2007). Biological Explanation. In Mohan Matthen & Christopher Stephens (eds.), Philosophy of Biology. Elsevier. 144--49.
     
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  4. Ernst Mayr (2007). What Makes Biology Unique?: Considerations on the Autonomy of a Scientific Discipline. Cambridge University Press.
    This collection of revised and new essays argues that biology is an autonomous science rather than a branch of the physical sciences. Ernst Mayr, widely considered the most eminent evolutionary biologist of the 20th century, offers insights on the history of evolutionary thought, critiques the conditions of philosophy to the science of biology, and comments on several of the major developments in evolutionary theory. Notably, Mayr explains that Darwin's theory of evolution is actually five separate theories, each with its own (...)
     
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  5. Ernst Mayr & Andrew Hamilton (2006). Book Reviews-What Makes Biology Unique?: Considerations on the Autonomy of a Scientific Discipline. Philosophy of Science 73 (2):255.
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  6. Ernst Mayr (2004). The Autonomy of Biology. Ludus Vitalis: Revista de Filosofía de Las Ciencias de la Vida, México 12 (21):15-28.
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  7. Ernst Mayr (2000). Biology in the Twenty-First Century. BioScience 50 (10):895.
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  8. Ernst Mayr (2000). Biology in the Twenty-First Century This Address Was Delivered at the 51st Annual Meeting of the American Institute of Biological Sciences, in Washington, DC, on 22 March 2000, Where Professor Ernst Mayr Received the AIBS Distinguished Service Award (See BioScience 49: 1029). [REVIEW] BioScience 50 (10):895-897.
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  9. Ernst Mayr (2000). What Next for Biology? BioScience 50 (10).
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  10. Ernst Mayr (1999). Sudden Origins. Bioessays 21 (11):978-979.
  11. Ernst Mayr (1998). The Multiple Meanings of 'Teleological'. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 20 (1):35 - 40.
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  12. Ernst Mayr (1997). Goldschmidt and the Evolutionary Synthesis: A Response. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 30 (1):31 - 33.
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  13. Ernst Mayr (1997). Reminiscences From the First Curator of the Whitney‐Rothschild Collection. Bioessays 19 (2):175-179.
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  14. Ernst Mayr (1997). The Establishment of Evolutionary Biology as a Discrete Biological Discipline. Bioessays 19 (3):263-266.
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  15. David J. Depew, Bruce H. Weber & Ernst Mayr (1996). Darwinism Evolving. System Dynamics and the Genealogy of Natural Selection. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 18 (1):135.
     
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  16. Ernst Mayr (1996). What is a Species, and What is Not? Philosophy of Science 63 (2):262-277.
    I analyze a number of widespread misconceptions concerning species. The species category, defined by a concept, denotes the rank of a species taxon in the Linnaean hierarchy. Biological species are reproducing isolated from each other, which protects the integrity of their genotypes. Degree of morphological difference is not an appropriate species definition. Unequal rates of evolution of different characters and lack of information on the mating potential of isolated populations are the major difficulties in the demarcation of species taxa.
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  17. William Davis & Ernst Mayr (1995). Dean of the Birdwatchers. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 17 (3):503.
     
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  18. Ernst Mayr (1995). Systems of Ordering Data. Biology and Philosophy 10 (4):419-434.
    Four ordering systems have been used most frequently in taxonomy: (1) special purpose classifications, (2) downward classifications (identification schemes), (3) upward or grouping classifications (traditional), and (4) Hennigian phylogenetic systems. The special properties of these four systems are critically evaluated. Grouping classifications and phylogenetic systems have very different objectives: the former the documentation of similarity and closeness of relationship, the latter of phylogeny. Both are legitimate ordering systems.
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  19. Ernst Mayr (1994). Response to John Beatty. Biology and Philosophy 9 (3):357-358.
  20. Ernst Mayr (1994). Response to Richard Burkhardt. Biology and Philosophy 9 (3):373-374.
  21. Ernst Mayr (1994). Biological Classification: Toward a Synthesis of Opposing Methodologies. In E. Sober (ed.), Conceptual Issues in Evolutionary Biology. The Mit Press. Bradford Books. 510--277.
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  22. Ernst Mayr (1994). Does It Pay to Acquire High Intelligence? Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 37 (3):337-338.
     
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  23. Ernst Mayr (1994). Evolution–Grundfragen und Mißverständnisse. Ethik Und Sozialwissenschaften 5 (2):203-209.
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  24. Ernst Mayr (1994). Reasons for the Failure of Theories. Philosophy of Science 61 (4):529-533.
    A theory may be invalid, not owing to erroneous observations or the invocation of an inappropriate law, but because of the use of equivocal terms. This is demonstrated for Darwin's failed model of sympatric speciation through the principle of divergence.
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  25. Ernst Mayr (1994). Reply to John Beatty. Biology and Philosophy 9:357-358.
     
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  26. Ernst Mayr (1994). Response to Walter Bock. Biology and Philosophy 9 (3):329-331.
  27. Ernst Mayr (1994). Typological Versus Population Thinking. In E. Sober (ed.), Conceptual Issues in Evolutionary Biology. The Mit Press. Bradford Books. 157--160.
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  28. Ernst Mayr (1993). Proximate and Ultimate Causations. Biology and Philosophy 8 (1):93-94.
  29. Ernst Mayr (1992). Darwin's Principle of Divergence. Journal of the History of Biology 25 (3):343 - 359.
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  30. Perer Simons & Ernst Mayr (1992). Was trägt die Sprachanalyse zur Philosophie der Biologie bei – und umgekehrt? Dialectica 46 (3‐4):263-280.
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  31. Ernst Mayr (1991). One Long Argument: Charles Darwin and the Genesis of Modern Evolutionary Thought. Harvard University Press.
    This is an important book for students, biologists, and general readers interested in the history of ideas--especially ideas that have radically altered our ...
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  32. Ernst Mayr & Peter D. Ashlock (1991). Principles of Systematic Zoology. McGraw-Hill.
     
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  33. Ernst Mayr (1990). The Myth of the Non-Darwinian Revolution. Biology and Philosophy 5 (1):85-92.
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  34. Ernst Mayr (1990). When is Historiography Whiggish? Journal of the History of Ideas 51 (2):301-309.
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  35. Ernst Mayr (1989). Universal and Human Beginnings Origins. The Darwin College Lectures A. C. Fabian. BioScience 39 (11):813-814.
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  36. Ernst Mayr (1989). Universal and Human Beginnings. BioScience 39 (11):813-814.
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  37. Ernst Mayr (1988). A Response to David Kitts. Biology and Philosophy 3 (1):97-98.
  38. Ernst Mayr (1988). Toward a New Philosophy of Biology: Observations of an Evolutionist. Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
    Provides a philosophical analysis of such biological concepts as natural selection, adaptation, speciation, and evolution.
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  39. Ernst Mayr (1988). The Why and How of Species. Biology and Philosophy 3 (4):431-441.
    The biological species concept deals both with the meaning of the sexual species as a harmonious gene pool and with its protection against deleterious outbreeding (effected by isolating mechanisms). According to the Darwin-Muller-Mayr theory isolating mechanisms are acquired by incipient species during alloparty. Isolating mechanisms are not the result of ad hoc selection, but of a change of function of properties acquired during the preceding isolation of the incipient species. The role of behavioral properties (recognition) among the isolating mechanisms has (...)
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  40. Ernst Mayr (1987). Answers to These Comments. Biology and Philosophy 2 (2):212-225.
  41. Ernst Mayr (1987). The Ontological Status of Species: Scientific Progress and Philosophical Terminology. Biology and Philosophy 2:145-66.
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  42. Ernst Mayr (1986). Book Review:Biophilosophical Implications of Inorganic and Organismic Evolution Bernhard Rensch. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 53 (4):612-.
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  43. Ernst Mayr (1985). Weismann and Evolution. Journal of the History of Biology 18 (3):295 - 329.
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  44. Ernst Mayr (1984). Commentary: The Contributions of Ornithology to Biology. BioScience 34 (4):250-255.
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  45. Ernst Mayr (1984). What is Darwinism Today? PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1984:145 - 156.
    Modern Darwinism is an elaboration of Darwin's original theories. The misunderstandings of the synthetic theory, on which recent attacks are based, are analyzed in detail. Six areas are described in which current theory modifies or amplifies Darwin's thinking. The rejection of an inheritance of acquired characters, the greater role assigned to chance in the production of genetic variability, the knowledge of the total separation of genotype and phenotype, and the clearer recognition of the role of the individual as target of (...)
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  46. Ernst Mayr (1982). Comments on David Hull's Paper on Exemplars and Type Specimens. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:504 - 511.
    The type in taxonomy is not meant to be a particularly typical specimen, but simply a reference specimen suited to serve as a 'name bearer' whenever doubt arises concerning the identity of a species. The minimum requirement is that the specimen reflects some differentiating characteristics of the species. In analogy, only such individuals should be made the type of an ideological system as adhere to the principal ideologies of that system. Only such an evolutionist could serve as type for Darwinism (...)
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  47. Ernst Mayr (1982). Endangering Species and Ourselves Extinction: The Causes and Consequences of the Disappearance of Species Paul Ehrlich Anne Ehrlich. BioScience 32 (5):349-349.
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  48. Ernst Mayr (1974). Teleological and Teleonomic, a New Analysis. In R. S. Cohen & Marx W. Wartofsky (eds.), Methodological and Historical Essays in the Natural and Social Sciences. Boston,Reidel. 91--117.
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  49. Ernst Mayr (1973). Review: The Recent Historiography of Genetics. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 6 (1):125 - 154.
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  50. Ernst Mayr (1973). The Recent Historiography of Genetics. Journal of the History of Biology 6 (1):125-154.
    It is evident how much Olby and Provine have contributed to a better understanding of the emergence of genetics. It is equally evident, I believe, how many obscure issues still remain to be elucidated. Indeed, their volumes have raised as many new questions as they have answered old ones. In particular, the role of constructive as well as retarding contemporary concepts in the development of new generalizations still requires far more analysis. The somewhat independent trends of various national schools and (...)
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