Search results for 'Esther König' (try it on Scholar)

526 found
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  1.  10
    Cynthia Koenig & Richard Griggs (2004). Facilitation and Analogical Transfer in the THOG Task. Thinking and Reasoning 10 (4):355 – 370.
    This study was concerned with Wason's THOG task, a hypothetico-deductive reasoning problem for which performance is typically very poor ( < 20% correct). Recently, however, Needham and Amado (1995) and Koenig and Griggs (2004) have observed both facilitation and spontaneous analogical transfer effects for the Pythagoras version of this task. Based on their findings, Koenig and Griggs concluded that in addition to the separation of the data (the properties of the designated THOG) from the hypotheses that need to be generated (...)
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  2. Bernie Koenig (2004). Natural Law, Science, and the Social Construction of Reality. Upa.
    Natural Law, Science, and the Social Construction of Reality looks at changes in knowledge and the relationship to values from the modern era to today. Author Bernie Koenig examines Newton's influence on Locke and Kant, how Kant influenced Darwin and Freud, and the implications of their work for both anthropology and moral theory.
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  3.  5
    Susan M. Wolf, Frances P. Lawrenz, Charles A. Nelson, Jeffrey P. Kahn, Mildred K. Cho, Ellen Wright Clayton, Joel G. Fletcher, Michael K. Georgieff, Dale Hammerschmidt, Kathy Hudson, Judy Illes, Vivek Kapur, Moira A. Keane, Barbara A. Koenig, Bonnie S. LeRoy, Elizabeth G. McFarland, Jordan Paradise, Lisa S. Parker, Sharon F. Terry, Brian van Ness & Benjamin S. Wilfond (2008). Managing Incidental Findings in Human Subjects Research: Analysis and Recommendations. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 36 (2):219-248.
    No consensus yet exists on how to handle incidental fnd-ings in human subjects research. Yet empirical studies document IFs in a wide range of research studies, where IFs are fndings beyond the aims of the study that are of potential health or reproductive importance to the individual research participant. This paper reports recommendations of a two-year project group funded by NIH to study how to manage IFs in genetic and genomic research, as well as imaging research. We conclude that researchers (...)
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  4.  5
    Melissa A. Koenig & Catharine H. Echols (2003). Infants' Understanding of False Labeling Events: The Referential Roles of Words and the Speakers Who Use Them. Cognition 87 (3):179-208.
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  5.  19
    Fabrice Clement, Melissa Koenig & Paul Harris (2004). The Ontogenesis of Trust. Mind and Language 19 (4):360-379.
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  6.  47
    Fabrice Clément, Melissa Koenig & Paul Harris (2004). The Ontogenesis of Trust. Mind and Language 19 (4):360–379.
    Psychologists have emphasized children's acquisition of information through firsthand observation. However, many beliefs are acquired from others' testimony. In two experiments, most 4yearolds displayed sceptical trust in testimony. Having heard informants' accurate or inaccurate testimony, they anticipated that informants would continue to display such differential accuracy and they trusted the hitherto reliable informant. Yet they ignored the testimony of the reliable informant if it conflicted with what they themselves had seen. By contrast, threeyearolds were less selective in trusting a reliable (...)
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  7. Susan M. Wolf, Frances P. Lawrenz, Charles A. Nelson, Jeffrey P. Kahn, Mildred K. Cho, Ellen Wright Clayton, Joel G. Fletcher, Michael K. Georgieff, Dale Hammerschmidt, Kathy Hudson, Judy Illes, Vivek Kapur, Moira A. Keane, Barbara A. Koenig, Bonnie S. LeRoy, Elizabeth G. McFarland, Jordan Paradise, Lisa S. Parker, Sharon F. Terry, Brian Van Ness & Benjamin S. Wilfond (2008). Managing Incidental Findings in Human Subjects Research: Analysis and Recommendations. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (2):219-248.
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  8.  66
    Paul L. Harris & Melissa A. Koenig (2007). The Basis of Epistemic Trust: Reliable Testimony or Reliable Sources? Episteme 4 (3):264-284.
    What is the nature of children's trust in testimony? Is it based primarily on evidential correlations between statements and facts, as stated by Hume, or does it derive from an interest in the trustworthiness of particular speakers? In this essay, we explore these questions in an effort to understand the developmental course and cognitive bases of children's extensive reliance on testimony. Recent work shows that, from an early age, children monitor the reliability of particular informants, differentiate between those who make (...)
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  9.  3
    Douglas Roland, Hongoak Yun, Jean-Pierre Koenig & Gail Mauner (2012). Semantic Similarity, Predictability, and Models of Sentence Processing. Cognition 122 (3):267-279.
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  10.  7
    Jean-Pierre Koenig, Gail Mauner & Breton Bienvenue (2003). Arguments for Adjuncts. Cognition 89 (2):67-103.
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  11.  13
    Patricia Marshall & Barbara Koenig (2004). Accounting for Culture in Globalized Bioethics. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 32 (2):252-266.
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  12. Audric Mazzietti & Olivier Koenig (2014). The Relevance Bias: Valence-Specific, Relevance-Modulated Performance in a Two-Choice Detection Task. Cognition and Emotion 28 (1):143-152.
  13.  11
    H. Eugene Hern, Barbara A. Koenig, Lisa Jean Moore & Patricia A. Marshall (1998). The Difference That Culture Can Make in End-of-Life Decisionmaking. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7 (1):27-40.
    Cultural difference has been largely ignored within bioethics, particularly within the end-of-life discourses and practices that have developed over the past two decades in the U.S. healthcare system. Yet how should culturebe taken into account?
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  14.  7
    Melissa A. Koenig & Paul L. Harris (2005). The Role of Social Cognition in Early Trust. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (10):457-459.
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  15.  5
    Susan E. Kelly, Patricia A. Marshall, Lee M. Sanders, Thomas A. Raffin & Barbara A. Koenig (1997). Understanding the Practice of Ethics Consultation: Results of an Ethnographic Multi-Site Study. Journal of Clinical Ethics 8 (2):136-149.
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  16. Melissa A. Koenig (2010). Selective Trust in Testimony: Children's Evaluation of the Message, the Speaker, and the Speech Act. In T. Szabo Gendler & J. Hawthorne (eds.), Oxford Studies in Epistemology. Oxford University Press 3--253.
     
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  17.  25
    F. Devignemont, T. Zalla, A. PosAda, A. Louvegnez, O. KOenig, N. Georgieff & N. FraNck (2006). Mental Rotation in Schizophrenia. Consciousness and Cognition 15 (2):295-309.
    Motor imagery provides a direct insight into action representations. The aim of the present study was to investigate the level of impairment of action monitoring in schizophrenia by evaluating the performance of schizophrenic patients on mental rotation tasks. We raised the following questions: Are schizophrenic patients impaired in motor imagery both at the explicit and at the implicit level? Are body parts more difficult for them to mentally rotate than objects? Is there any link between the performance and the hallucinating (...)
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  18.  19
    N. Press, J. R. Fishman & B. A. Koenig (2000). Collective Fear, Individualized Risk: The Social and Cultural Context of Genetic Testing for Breast Cancer. Nursing Ethics 7 (3):237-249.
    The purpose of this article is to provide a critical examination of two aspects of culture and biomedicine that have helped to shape the meaning and practice of genetic testing for breast cancer. These are: (1) the cultural construction of fear of breast cancer, which has been fuelled in part by (2) the predominance of a ‘risk’ paradigm in contemporary biomedicine. The increasing elaboration and delineation of risk factors and risk numbers are in part intended to (...)
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  19.  4
    J. -P. Koenig, G. Mauner, B. Bienvenue & K. Conklin (2007). What With? The Anatomy of a (Proto)-Role. Journal of Semantics 25 (2):175-220.
    This paper describes a comprehensive survey of English verbs that semantically allow or require an Instrument role. It sheds light on the nature of Instrument roles and instrumentality by examining the distribution in semantic space of those verbs. We show first that verbs that semantically require instruments are typically semantically more complex than predicted by current theories of the structural complexity of verb meanings. We also show that verbs that require or allow instruments constrain the end states of situations they (...)
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  20.  16
    Marco Hollenstein, Thomas Koenig, Matthias Kubat, Daniela Blaser & Walter J. Perrig (2012). Non-Conscious Word Processing in a Mirror-Masking Paradigm Causing Attentional Distraction: An ERP-Study. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):353-365.
    In this event-related potential study a masking technique that prevents conscious perception of words and non-words through attentional distraction was used to reveal the temporal dynamics of word processing under non-conscious and conscious conditions. In the non-conscious condition, ERP responses differed between masked words and non-words from 112 to 160 ms after stimulus-onset over posterior brain areas. The early onset of the word–non-word differences was compatible with previous studies that reported non-conscious access to orthographic information within this time period. Moreover, (...)
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  21.  28
    Jean-Pierre Koenig & Anthony R. Davis (2001). Sublexical Modality and the Structure of Lexical Semantic Representations. Linguistics and Philosophy 24 (1):71-124.
    This paper argues for a largely unnoted distinction between relational and modal components in the lexical semantics of verbs. Wehypothesize that many verbs encode two kinds of semantic information:a relationship among participants in a situation and a subset ofcircumstances or time indices at which this relationship isevaluated. The latter we term sublexical modality.We show that linking regularities between semantic arguments andsyntactic functions provide corroborating evidence in favor of thissemantic distinction, noting cases in which the semantic groundingof linking through participant-role properties (...)
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  22.  4
    Harry C. Koenig (1952). Catholic Library Practice. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 27 (2):320-320.
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  23.  22
    Harry C. Koenig (1948). Catholic Library Practice. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 23 (2):327-328.
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  24.  10
    Barbara Koenig (2006). What Can Anthropology Contribute to the Terri Schiavo Debate? Bioethics Examiner 9.
  25.  6
    Jean-Pierre Koenig & Gail Mauner (1999). A-Definites and the Discourse Status of Implicit Arguments. Journal of Semantics 16 (3):207-236.
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  26.  3
    Hassan Siddiki, J. G. Fletcher, Beth McFarland, Nora Dajani, Nicholas Orme, Barbara Koenig, Marguerite Strobel & Susan M. Wolf (2008). Incidental Findings in CT Colonography: Literature Review and Survey of Current Research Practice. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 36 (2):320-331.
    Incidental fndings of potential medical signifcance are seen in approximately 5-8 percent of asymptomatic subjects and 16 percent of symptomatic subjects participating in large computed tomography colonography studies, with the incidence varying further by CT acquisition technique. While most CTC research programs have a well-defned plan to detect and disclose IFs, such plans are largely communicated only verbally. Written consent documents should also inform subjects of how IFs of potential medical signifcance will be detected and reported in CTC research studies.
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  27.  5
    S. Lee & B. Koenig (2003). Racial Profiling of DNA Samples: Will It Affect Scientific Knowledge About Human Genetic Variation. In Bartha Maria Knoppers (ed.), Populations and Genetics: Legal and Socio-Ethical Perspectives. Martinus Nijhoff 231--244.
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  28.  16
    Paul L. Harris, Kathleen H. Corriveau, Elisabeth S. Pasquini, Melissa Koenig, Maria Fusaro & Fabrice Clément (2012). Credulity and the Development of Selective Trust in Early Childhood. In Michael Beran, Johannes Brandl, Josef Perner & Joëlle Proust (eds.), The Foundations of Metacognition. Oxford University Press 193.
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  29.  5
    J. -P. Koenig & N. Muansuwan (2000). How to End Without Ever Finishing: Thai Semi-Perfectivity. Journal of Semantics 17 (2):147-182.
    Perfectivity is often assumed to entail the completion of the event described by event-denoting stems and their arguments. Although some scholars have noted that perfective markers do not always entail completion, their formal definitions contradict their informal descriptions. We show that these traditional models of perfective aspect cannot account for the aspectual system of Thai. In Thai, perfective markers do not entail that the event was completed: the resulting state of sentences that are in appareance telic in their ‘inner aspect’ (...)
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  30. Philippe Fossati Allilaire, Frédérique de Vignemont, Tiziana Zalla, Andrés Posada, Anne Louvegnez, Olivier Koenig, Nicolas Georgieff, Nicolas Franck, Arnaud DÕArgembeau & Martial Van der Linden (2006). Cédric Lemogne, Pascale Piolino, Stéphanie Friszer, Astrid Claret, Nathalie Girault, Roland Jouvent, Jean-François. Consciousness and Cognition 15:232-233.
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  31.  3
    Chris Feudtner, Jeremy Sugarman, Barbara A. Koenig, Peter A. Ubel, Richard F. Ittenbach, Laura Weiss Roberts & Laurence B. McCullough (2014). AJOB Empirical Bioethics: A Home for Empirical Bioethics Scholarship. Ajob Empirical Bioethics 5 (1):1-2.
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  32. Barbara A. Koenig (2003). Anthropology and Bioethics. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7:68-76.
     
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  33.  2
    N. Press, J. R. Fishman & B. A. Koenig (2000). Collective Fear, Individualized Risk: The Social and Cultural Context of Genetic Testing Forbreast Cancer. Nursing Ethics 7 (3):237-249.
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  34. H. Koenig (2007). Altruistic Love and Physical Health. In Stephen G. Post (ed.), Altruism and Health: Perspectives From Empirical Research. OUP Usa 422--441.
     
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  35.  23
    Thomas Koenig (1961). St. Augustine. Augustinianum 1 (1):201-202.
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  36.  22
    D. Koenig (1963). Reclams Kunstführer Österreich, Baudenkmäler. Augustinianum 3 (1):243-244.
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  37.  1
    Barbara A. Koenig (2001). Why Not Grant Primacy to the Family? American Journal of Bioethics 1 (3):33-34.
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  38.  3
    Barbara A. Koenig (1996). The Power (and Limits) of Proximity. Hastings Center Report 26 (6):30-32.
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  39. Caitlin A. Cole, Paul L. Harris & Melissa A. Koenig (2012). Entitled to Trust? Philosophical Frameworks and Evidence From Children. Analyse & Kritik 34 (2):195-216.
    How do children acquire beliefs from testimony? In this chapter, we discuss children’s trust in testimony, their sensitivity to and use of defeaters, and their appeals to positive reasons for trusting what other people tell them. Empirical evidence shows that, from an early age, children have a tendency to trust testimony. However, this tendency to trust is accompanied by sensitivity to cues that suggest unreliability, including inaccuracy of the message and characteristics of the speaker. Not only are children sensitive to (...)
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  40.  6
    Peter K. Jonason, Bryan L. Koenig & Jeremy Tost (2010). Living a Fast Life. Human Nature 21 (4):428-442.
    The current research applied a mid-level evolutionary theory that has been successfully employed across numerous animal species—life history theory—in an attempt to understand the Dark Triad personality trait cluster (narcissism, psychopathy, and Machiavellianism). In Study 1 (N = 246), a measure of life history strategy was correlated with psychopathy, but unexpectedly with neither Machiavellianism nor narcissism. Study 2 (N = 321) replicated this overall pattern of results using longer, traditional measures of the Dark Triad traits and alternative, future-discounting indicators of (...)
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  41.  6
    T. Koenig (1961). The Bridlington Dialogue. Augustinianum 1 (2):390-390.
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  42.  3
    D. E. Berlyne, Donna M. Borsa, Jane H. Hamacher & Isolde D. Koenig (1966). Paired-Associate Learning and the Timing of Arousal. Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (1):1.
  43.  1
    Carmen Radecki Breitkopf, Gloria M. Petersen, Susan M. Wolf, Kari G. Chaffee, Marguerite E. Robinson, Deborah R. Gordon, Noralane M. Lindor & Barbara A. Koenig (2015). Preferences Regarding Return of Genomic Results to Relatives of Research Participants, Including After Participant Death: Empirical Results From a Cancer Biobank. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (3):464-475.
    Data are lacking with regard to participants' perspectives on return of genetic research results to relatives, including after the participant's death. This paper reports descriptive results from 3,630 survey respondents: 464 participants in a pancreatic cancer biobank, 1,439 family registry participants, and 1,727 healthy individuals. Our findings indicate that most participants would feel obligated to share their results with blood relatives while alive and would want results to be shared with relatives after their death.
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  44.  1
    Susan M. Wolf, Rebecca Branum, Barbara A. Koenig, Gloria M. Petersen, Susan A. Berry, Laura M. Beskow, Mary B. Daly, Conrad V. Fernandez, Robert C. Green, Bonnie S. LeRoy, Noralane M. Lindor, P. Pearl O'Rourke, Carmen Radecki Breitkopf, Mark A. Rothstein, Brian Van Ness & Benjamin S. Wilfond (2015). Returning a Research Participant's Genomic Results to Relatives: Analysis and Recommendations. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (3):440-463.
    Genomic research results and incidental findings with health implications for a research participant are of potential interest not only to the participant, but also to the participant's family. Yet investigators lack guidance on return of results to relatives, including after the participant's death. In this paper, a national working group offers consensus analysis and recommendations, including an ethical framework to guide investigators in managing this challenging issue, before and after the participant's death.
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  45.  13
    Daniel E. Hall, Harold George Koenig & Keith G. Meador (2004). Conceptualizing "Religion": How Language Shapes and Constrains Knowledge in the Study of Religion and Health. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 47 (3):386-401.
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  46.  15
    Celia J. Orona, Barbara A. Koenig & Anne J. Davis (1994). Cultural Aspects of Nondisclosure. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 3 (3):338.
    A basic assumption in current western medicine is that good healthcare involves informed choices. Indeed, making informed choices is not only viewed as “good practice” but a right to which each individual is entitled, a perspective only recently developed in the medical field.Moreover, in the case of ethical decisions, much of the discussion on the role of the family is cast within the autonomy paradigm of contemporary bioethics; that is, family members provide emotional support but do not make decisions for (...)
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  47.  5
    D. Koenig (1963). Der gute Hirte. Augustinianum 3 (1):241-241.
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  48.  14
    Barbara A. Koenig (2003). Dead Donors and the "Shortage" of Human Organs: Are We Missing the Point? American Journal of Bioethics 3 (1):26 – 27.
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  49.  1
    Sarah B. Garrett, Daniel Dohan & Barbara A. Koenig (2015). Linking Broad Consent to Biobank Governance: Support From a Deliberative Public Engagement in California. American Journal of Bioethics 15 (9):56-57.
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  50.  4
    D. Koenig (1963). Lexikon der Liturgie. Augustinianum 3 (1):155-156.
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