Search results for 'Ethics History' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Hub Zwart (2000). A Short History of Food Ethics. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 12 (2):113-126.score: 210.0
    Moral concern with food intake is as old asmorality itself. In the course of history, however,several ways of critically examining practices of foodproduction and food intake have been developed.Whereas ancient Greek food ethics concentrated on theproblem of temperance, and ancient Jewish ethics onthe distinction between legitimate and illicit foodproducts, early Christian morality simply refused toattach any moral significance to food intake. Yet,during the middle ages food became one of theprinciple objects of monastic programs for moralexercise (askesis). During (...)
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  2. S. Douglas Beets (2011). Critical Events in the Ethics of U.S. Corporation History. Journal of Business Ethics 102 (2):193-219.score: 210.0
    The history of corporations in the United States (U.S.) is much older than the country, as it must be understood in the context of the history of peoples of Europe who eventually dominated the North American continent in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. These European settlers came, in part, to achieve economic prosperity for themselves and, in many cases, for early forerunners of the modern corporation. These business organizations had predecessors in Europe millennia earlier as ancient Romans had (...)
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  3. Frederick Bird (2009). Why the Responsible Practice of Business Ethics Calls for a Due Regard for History. Journal of Business Ethics 89 (2):203 - 220.score: 210.0
    Typically people make ethical judgments with reference to unchanging principles, standards, rights, and values. This essay argues that such an ahistorical approach to ethics should be supplemented by a due regard for history. Invoking precedents by authors such as Jonsen and Toulmin, McIntyre, Niebuhr, Weber, De Tocqueville, Machiavelli and others, this essay explores several important ways in which a due regard for history can and should shape the practice of business ethics. Thus a due regard for (...)
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  4. Michael C. Banner (2009). Christian Ethics: A Brief History. Wiley-Blackwell.score: 204.0
    This book steers readers through these issues, providing a clear and decisive history of the main figures and texts in Christian ethics.
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  5. Albert R. Jonsen (2000). A Short History of Medical Ethics. Oxford University Press.score: 204.0
    A physician says, "I have an ethical obligation never to cause the death of a patient," another responds, "My ethical obligation is to relieve pain even if the patient dies." The current argument over the role of physicians in assisting patients to die constantly refers to the ethical duties of the profession. References to the Hippocratic Oath are often heard. Many modern problems, from assisted suicide to accessible health care, raise questions about the traditional ethics of medicine and the (...)
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  6. Roger Crisp (ed.) (2013). The Oxford Handbook of the History of Ethics. Oxford University Press.score: 204.0
    This original and comprehensive volume explores the history of philosophical ethics in the western tradition from Homer until the present day.
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  7. Robert Baker & Laurence B. McCullough (eds.) (2009). The Cambridge World History of Medical Ethics. Cambridge University Press.score: 204.0
    The Cambridge World History of Medical Ethics is the first comprehensive scholarly account of the global history of medical ethics. Offering original interpretations of the field by leading bioethicists and historians of medicine, it will serve as the essential point of departure for future scholarship in the field. The volumes reconceptualize the history of medical ethics through the creation of new categories, including the life cycle; discourses of religion, philosophy, and bioethics; and the relationship (...)
     
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  8. Lawrence C. Becker & Charlotte B. Becker (eds.) (2003). A History of Western Ethics. Routledge.score: 204.0
    This is a newly revised and updated edition of A History of Western Ethics, a coherent and accessible overview of the most important figures and influential ideas of the history of ethics in the Western philosophical tradition. Written by eleven distinguished scholars, and including a glossary of key terms, this book is an essential reference for students and general readers alike.
     
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  9. Chad Kautzer (2012). Symposium: Naomi Zack's The Ethics and Mores of Race: Equality After the History of Philosophy. Radical Philosophy Review 15 (2):345-345.score: 204.0
    Our symposium on Naomi Zack's newest book, The Ethics and Mores of Race: Equality after the History of Philosophy (Rowman & Littlefield, 2011), had its origin in an Author Meets Critics panel of the Radical Philosophy Association at the American Philosophical Association Pacific Division conference in 2012, organized by José Jorge Mendoza. The respondents--Kristie Dotson, Lewis Gordon, José Jorge Mendoza, and Lucius T. Outlaw Jr.--have revised and expanded their original papers and Naomi Zack has in turn provided a (...)
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  10. G. Scott Davis (2001). A Whig History of Ethics: A Review of "The Invention of Autonomy" by J. B. Schneewind. [REVIEW] Journal of Religious Ethics 29 (1):175 - 197.score: 198.0
    J. B. Schneewind's "The Invention of Autonomy" has been hailed as a major interpretation of modern moral thought. Schneewind's narrative, however, elides several serious interpretive issues, particularly in the transition from late medieval to early modern thought. This results in potentially distorted accounts of Thomas Aquinas, Hugo Grotius, and G. W. Leibniz. Since these thinkers play a crucial role in Schneewind's argument, uncertainty over their work calls into question at least some of Schneewind's larger agenda for the history of (...)
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  11. Jennifer A. Herdt (2000). Religious Ethics, History, and the Rise of Modern Moral Philosophy - Focus Introduction. Journal of Religious Ethics 28 (2):167-188.score: 192.0
    In this introduction to a cluster of three articles on eighteenth-century ethics written by Mark Larrimore, John Bowlin, and Mark Cladis, the author maintains that although the broad narrative tracing the emergence of a religiously neutral or naturalistic moral language in the eighteenth century is a familiar one, many central questions concerning this development remain unanswered and require further historical study. Against those who contend that historical study is antecedent to, but not part of, the proper substance of religious (...)
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  12. Howard Marchitello (ed.) (2001). What Happens to History: The Renewal of Ethics in Contemporary Thought. Routledge.score: 192.0
    This book offers the first sustained multi-disciplinary investigation of the question and status of ethics in light of the current "return to ethics" underway in a variety of critical fields. While the questions of ethics have become increasingly important in recent years for many fields within the humanities, there has been no single volume that seeks to address the emergence of this concern with ethics across the disciplinary spectrum. Given this lack in currently available critical and (...)
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  13. Steven M. Cahn & Peter J. Markie (eds.) (2009). Ethics: History, Theory, and, Contemporary Issues. Oxford University Press.score: 192.0
    The most comprehensive collection of its kind, Ethics: History, Theory, and Contemporary Issues, Third Edition, is organized into three parts, providing instructors with flexibility in designing and teaching a variety of courses in moral philosophy. The first part, Historical Sources, moves from classical thought (Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, and Epictetus) through medieval views (Augustine and Aquinas) to modern theories (Hobbes, Butler, Hume, Kant, Bentham, and Mill), culminating with leading nineteenth- and twentieth-century thinkers (Nietzsche, James, Dewey, Camus, and Sartre). The (...)
     
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  14. Andrews Reath, Barbara Herman, Christine M. Korsgaard & John Rawls (eds.) (1997). Reclaiming the History of Ethics: Essays for John Rawls. Cambridge University Press.score: 186.0
    The essays in this volume offer an approach to the history of moral and political philosophy that takes its inspiration from John Rawls. All the contributors are philosophers who have studied with Rawls and they offer this collection in his honor. The distinctive feature of this approach is to address substantive normative questions in moral and political philosophy through an analysis of the texts and theories of major figures in the history of the subject: Aristotle, Hobbes, Hume, Rousseau, (...)
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  15. Alasdair C. MacIntyre (1998). A Short History of Ethics: A History of Moral Philosophy From the Homeric Age to the Twentieth Century. Routledge.score: 186.0
    Widely acknowledged to be the perfect introduction to the subject, this important text presents in concise form an insightful yet exceptionally complete history of moral philosophy in the West, from the Greeks to contemporary times.
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  16. Alan Mittleman (2012). A Short History of Jewish Ethics: Conduct and Character in the Context of Covenant. Wiley-Blackwell.score: 186.0
    Ethics in the axial age -- Some aspects of rabbinic ethics -- Medieval philosophical ethics -- Medieval rabbinic and kabbalistic ethics -- Modern Jewish ethics.
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  17. Henry Sidgwick (1931/1996). Outlines of the History of Ethics for English Readers. Thoemmes Press.score: 186.0
    CHAPTER I GENERAL ACCOUNT OF THE SUBJECT THERE is some difficulty in defining the subject of Ethics in a manner which can fairly claim general acceptance ...
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  18. Vernon J. Bourke (2007). History of Ethics. Distributed by National Book Network.score: 186.0
    v. I. Graeco-Roman to early modern ethics -- v. 2. Modern and contemporary ethics.
     
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  19. Michael A. Slote (2010). Essays on the History of Ethics. Oxford University Press.score: 182.0
    Finally, the two last essays in the volume talk about ethical thought during the last half of the twentieth century and the first few years of the twenty-first, ...
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  20. Gert Buelens (ed.) (1997). Enacting History in Henry James: Narrative, Power, and Ethics. Cambridge University Press.score: 180.0
    The Jamesian mode of writing, it has been claimed, actively works against an understanding of the way truth, history and power circulate in his texts. In this collection of essays, leading scholars of James analyse the strategies James used to address these crucial issues. Enacting History in Henry James claims that, because the type of knowledge available in James's fiction is never of a cognitive kind, the reader can never know 'truth' in any verifiable sense. James's writing instead (...)
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  21. Albino Barrera (1999). The Evolution of Social Ethics: Using Economic History to Understand Economic Ethics. Journal of Religious Ethics 27 (2):285 - 304.score: 180.0
    In the development of Roman Catholic social thought from the teachings of the scholastics to the modern social encyclicals, changes in normative economics reflect the transformation of an economic terrain from its feudal roots to the modern industrial economy. The preeminence accorded by the modern market to the allocative over the distributive function of price broke the convenient convergence of commutative and distributive justice in scholastic just price theory. Furthermore, the loss of custom, law, and usage in defining the boundaries (...)
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  22. Brian Duignan (ed.) (2011). The History of Western Ethics. Britannica Educational Pub..score: 180.0
    For Hare, the question “Why should I be moral?” amounted to asking why one should act only on those judgments that one is prepared to universalize. His answer was that it may not be possible to give such a reason to a person who does ...
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  23. Donald Enloe Konold (1962). A History of American Medical Ethics, 1847-1912. Madison, State Historical Society of Wisconsin, for the Dept. Of History, University of Wisconsin.score: 180.0
  24. Warren Ashby (2005). A Comprehensive History of Western Ethics: What Do We Believe? Prometheus Books.score: 180.0
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  25. Vernon Joseph Bourke (1968). History of Ethics. Garden City, N.Y.,Doubleday.score: 180.0
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  26. Robert J. Cavalier, James Gouinlock & James P. Sterba (eds.) (1989). Ethics in the History of Western Philosophy. St. Martin's Press.score: 180.0
     
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  27. Alasdair C. MacIntyre (1966/1998). A Short History of Ethics: A History of Moral Philosophy From the Homeric Age to the Twentieth Century. University of Notre Dame Press.score: 180.0
     
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  28. Kenneth R. Melchin (1987/1999). History, Ethics, and Emergent Probability: Ethics, Society, and History in the Work of Bernard Lonergan. Lonergan Web Site.score: 180.0
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  29. Kiarash Aramesh (2014). A Brief History of Biomedical Research Ethics in Iran: Conflict of Paradigms. Developing World Bioethics 14 (3):n/a-n/a.score: 174.0
    During the past two decades, Iran has experienced a noteworthy growth in its biomedical research sector. At the same time, ethical concerns and debates resulting from this burgeoning enterprise has led to increasing attention paid to biomedical ethics. In Iran, Biomedical research ethics and research oversight passed through major periods during the past decades, separated by a paradigm shift. Period 1, starting from the early 1970s, is characterized by research paternalism and complete reliance on researchers as virtuous and (...)
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  30. Stephen Leach (2011). History, Ethics and Philosophy: Bernard Williams Appraisal of R. G. Collingwood. Journal of the Philosophy of History 5 (1):36-53.score: 174.0
  31. Andreas Frewer (2010). Human Rights From the Nuremberg Doctors Trial to the Geneva Declaration. Persons and Institutions in Medical Ethics and History. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 13 (3):259-268.score: 174.0
    The “Universal Declaration of Human Rights” and the “Geneva Declaration” by the World Medical Association, both in 1948, were preceded by the foundation of the United Nations in New York (1945), the World Medical Association in London (1946) and the World Health Organization in Geneva (1948). After the end of World War II the community of nations strove to achieve and sustain their primary goals of peace and security, as well as their basic premise, namely the health of human beings. (...)
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  32. David Carr, Thomas R. Flynn & Rudolf A. Makkreel (eds.) (2004). The Ethics of History. Northwestern University Press.score: 170.0
    Expressing a variety of philosophical interests and epistemic and ethical views, the essays in [this book] acknowledge the ethical dimension of historical ...
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  33. James P. Eckman (2008). Exploring Church History: A Guide to History, World Religions, and Ethics. Crossway Books.score: 168.0
    Christianity's roots, distinctiveness, and cultural implicationsare highlighted in this multi-dimensional resource, providing anintroductory understanding of the richness of the faith andchurch.
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  34. Theodore J. Karamanski (ed.) (1990). Ethics and Public History: An Anthology. R.E. Krieger Pub. Co..score: 168.0
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  35. Mark Larrimore (2000). Orientalism andAntivoluntarism in the History of Ethics: On Christian Wolff's Oratio de Sinarum Philosophia Practica. Journal of Religious Ethics 28 (2):189-219.score: 162.0
    Christian Wolff's 1721 "Discourse on the Practical Philosophy of the Chinese" is generally read as championing the autonomy of ethics from religion. This is too simple: Wolff's ethics was an antivoluntarist "religious" ethics. The example of the Chinese confirmed for Wolff that revelation is not necessary for knowledge or practice of genuine virtue, though he held that the Chinese achieve only the first of three "degrees of virtue." (Most Christians, including the Pietists who drove Wolff from Halle (...)
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  36. Niklas Dworazik & Hannes Rusch (2014). A Brief History of Experimental Ethics. In Christoph Luetge, Hannes Rusch & Matthias Uhl (eds.), Experimental Ethics. Palgrave Macmillan. 38-56.score: 162.0
    Recent years have seen a continual rise of interest in the empirical study of questions traditionally located in moral philosophy, i.e., studies in Experimental Ethics. In this chapter we briefly outline the recent history of this field. To do so we have to cross disciplinary borders to quite some extent. Tracing the beginnings of Experimental Ethics back to early works in moral psychology, we delineate a sequence of theories which eventually flow into current Experimental Ethics. We (...)
     
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  37. Bernard E. Rollin (2006). The Regulation of Animal Research and the Emergence of Animal Ethics: A Conceptual History. [REVIEW] Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (4):285-304.score: 156.0
    The history of the regulation of animal research is essentially the history of the emergence of meaningful social ethics for animals in society. Initially, animal ethics concerned itself solely with cruelty, but this was seen as inadequate to late 20th-century concerns about animal use. The new social ethic for animals was quite different, and its conceptual bases are explored in this paper. The Animal Welfare Act of 1966 represented a very minimal and in many ways incoherent (...)
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  38. Keith Jenkins (1999). Why History?: Ethics and Postmodernity. Routledge.score: 156.0
    Why History? is a compelling introduction to the issue of history and ethics. Designed to provoke discussion, the book asks whether and why a good knowledge and understanding of the past is desirable. In the context of current postmodern thinking, Keith Jenkins suggests that the goal of "learning lessons from the past" actually means learning lessons from stories written by historians and others. If the past as history has no foundation, can anything ethical be gained from (...)
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  39. Shyam Ranganathan (2007). Ethics and the History of Indian Philosophy. Motilal Banarsidass Publishers.score: 156.0
    Ethics and the History of Indian Philosophy (Motilal Banarsidass 2007). Regretfully, it is not an uncommon view in orthodox Indology that Indian philosophers were not interested in ethics. This claim belies the fact that Indian philosophical schools were generally interested in the practical consequences of beliefs and actions. The most popular symptom of this concern is the doctrine of karma, according to which the consequences of actions have an evaluative valence. Ethics and the History of (...)
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  40. G. M. Sayers (2001). The Value of Taking an 'Ethics History'. Journal of Medical Ethics 27 (2):114-117.score: 156.0
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  41. Michael Lansing (2002). Environmental Ethics, Green Politics and the History of Predator Biology. Ethics, Place and Environment 5 (1):43 – 49.score: 150.0
    Understanding the ethics and politics of environmentalism, as well as predator biology, means thinking in new ways about objectivity. The history of predator biology shows how scientists order nature as they interact with non-humans. If science ultimately orders nature as its comprehends it, the implications for environmental ethics and politics, which continue to call on the authority of objective science, loom large.
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  42. Mike McNamee (2007). Sport, Ethics and Philosophy; Context, History, Prospects. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 1 (1):1 – 6.score: 150.0
    (2007). Sport, ethics and philosophy; context, history, prospects. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy: Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 1-6. doi: 10.1080/17511320601173329.
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  43. David O. Brink (2014). Aristotelian Naturalism and the History of Ethics. Journal of the History of Philosophy 52 (4):813-833.score: 150.0
    terence irwin’s monumental three-volume The Development of Ethics is a masterful reconstruction and assessment of figures, traditions, and ideas in the history of ethics in the Western tradition from Socrates through John Rawls.1, 2 The three volumes weigh in at over 11 pounds and span 96 substantial chapters and over 2,700 densely formatted pages (large pages, small margins, and small font). The Development of Ethics covers not only familiar figures, such as Plato, Aristotle, the Stoics, Aquinas, (...)
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  44. Michael J. Kerlin (1998). The End of History, Specters of Marx and Business Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 17 (15):1717 - 1725.score: 150.0
    More often than not, business ethics textbooks have included sections on "the great economic debate," that is, the discussion of capitalism as a total system, of the criticisms against it and of the proposed alternatives. The reason for such sections is fairly obvious: at some point one has to consider whether or not all the particular problems of employment, of product quality, of environment, of regulation and so on prove beyond solution without a radical change in the basic institutions (...)
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  45. William Simkulet (2013). Essays on the History of Ethics by Michael Slote (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 51 (3):500-501.score: 150.0
    In this book Michael Slote discusses the history of ethics from a sentimentalist perspective. It can be read in two ways: first, as a tribute to great thinkers whose contributions have helped shape contemporary ethics, and second, as a defense of a sentimentalist virtue theory. This review centers on the two chapters most relevant to sentimentalist virtue theory: chapter 1, in which Slote defines and defends elevationism, and chapter 5, in which he offers a defense of sentimentalism. (...)
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  46. León Gómez Rivas (1999). Business Ethics and the History of Economics in Spain "the School of Salamanca: A Bibliography". [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 22 (3):191 - 202.score: 150.0
    The name "School of Salamanca" refers to a group of theologians and natural law philosophers who taught in the University of Salamanca, following the inspiration of the great Thomist Francisco de Vitoria. It turns out that the Scholastics were not simply medieval, but began in the 13th century and expanded through the 16th and 17th centuries; and they developed some original theories about economics and international law.Why should a few men mainly interested in theology and ethics apply themselves in (...)
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  47. Joseph Heath (2011). Business Ethics and the 'End of History' in Corporate Law. Journal of Business Ethics 102 (S1):5-20.score: 150.0
    Henry Hansmann has claimed we have reached the “end of history” in corporate law, organized around the “widespread normative consensus that corporate managers should act exclusively in the economic interests of shareholders.” In this paper, I examine Hansmann’s own argument in support of this view, in order to draw out its implications for some of the traditional concerns of business ethicists about corporate social responsibility. The centerpiece of Hansmann’s argument is the claim that ownership of the firm is most (...)
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  48. Jonathan D. Moreno & Susan E. Lederer (1996). Revising the History of Cold War Research Ethics. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 6 (3):223-237.score: 150.0
    : President Clinton's charge to the Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments included the identification of ethical and legal standards for evaluating government-sponsored radiation experiments conducted during the Cold War. In this paper, we review the traditional account of the history of American research ethics, and then highlight and explain the significance of a number of the Committee's historical findings as they relate to this account. These findings include both the national defense establishment's struggles with legal and insurance (...)
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  49. Ulf Schmidt (2007). Turning the History of Medical Ethics From its Head Onto its Feet: A Critical Commentary on Baker and McCullough. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 17 (1):31-42.score: 150.0
    The paper provides a critical commentary on the article by Baker and McCullough on Medical Ethic's Appropriation of Moral Philosophy. The author argues that Baker and McCullough offer a more "pragmatic" approach to the history of medical ethics that has the potential to enrich the bioethics field with a greater historical grounding and sound methodology. Their approach can help us to come to a more nuanced understanding about the way in which medical ethics has connected, disconnected, and (...)
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  50. Stanley Hauerwas (1985). Time and History in Theological Ethics: The Work of James Gustafson. Journal of Religious Ethics 13 (1):3 - 21.score: 150.0
    This essay traces Gustafson's understanding of the methodological significance of history and time for theological ethics. I argue that Gustafson qualifies his original thoroughgoing historicist perspective in the interest of developing a natural theology and ethics. His continuing emphasis on a historical perspective, I suggest, is best understood by attending to his recommendation that the theologian's task is best captured by the image of the "participant.".
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