Search results for 'Ethics committees' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Sort by:
  1. Keymanthri Moodley & Landon Myer (2007). Health Research Ethics Committees in South Africa 12 Years Into Democracy. BMC Medical Ethics 8 (1):1-8.score: 246.0
    Background Despite the growth of biomedical research in South Africa, there are few insights into the operation of Research Ethics Committees (RECs) in this setting. We investigated the composition, operations and training needs of health RECs in South Africa against the backdrop of national and international guidelines. Methods The 12 major health RECs in South Africa were surveyed using semi-structured questionnaires that investigated the composition and functions of each REC as well as the operational issues facing committees. (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. R. Dal-Re, J. Espada & R. Ortega (1999). Performance of Research Ethics Committees in Spain. A Prospective Study of 100 Applications for Clinical Trial Protocols on Medicines. Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (3):268-273.score: 246.0
    OBJECTIVES: To review the characteristics and performance of research ethics committees in Spain in the evaluation of multicentre clinical trial drug protocols. DESIGN: A prospective study of 100 applications. SETTING: Forty-one committees reviewing clinical trial protocols, involving 50 hospitals in 25 cities. MAIN MEASURES: Protocol-related features, characteristics of research ethics committees and evaluation dynamics. RESULTS: The 100 applications involved 15 protocols (of which 12 were multinational) with 12 drugs. Committees met monthly (except one). They (...)
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. G. Kent (1997). The Views of Members of Local Research Ethics Committees, Researchers and Members of the Public Towards the Roles and Functions of LRECs. Journal of Medical Ethics 23 (3):186-190.score: 246.0
    BACKGROUND: It can be argued that the ethical conduct of research involves achieving a balance between the rights and needs of three parties-potential research participants, society, and researchers. Local Research Ethics Committees (LRECs) have a number of roles and functions in the research enterprise, but there have been some indications that LREC members, researchers and the public can have different views about these responsibilities. Any such differences are potential sources of disagreement and misunderstanding. OBJECTIVES: To compare the views (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Marek Czarkowski & Krzysztof Różanowski (2009). Polish Research Ethics Committees in the European Union System of Assessing Medical Experiments. Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (2):201-212.score: 246.0
    The Polish equivalents of Research Ethics Committees are Bioethics Committees (BCs). A questionnaire study has been undertaken to determine their situation. The BC is usually comprised of 13 members. Nine of these are doctors and four are non-doctors. In 2006 BCs assessed an average of 27.3 ± 31.7 (range: 0–131) projects of clinical trials and 71.1 ± 139.8 (range: 0–638) projects of other types of medical research. During one BC meeting an average of 10.3 ± 14.7 (range: (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. M. Hayry (1998). Ethics Committees, Principles and Consequences. Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (2):81-85.score: 246.0
    When ethics committees evaluate the research proposals submitted to them by biomedical scientists, they can seek guidance from laws and regulations, their own beliefs, values and experiences, and from the theories of philosophers. The starting point of this paper is that philosophers can only be helpful to the members of ethics committees if they take into account in their models both the basic moral intuitions that most of us share and the consequences of people's choices. A (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. G. Kent (1999). Responses by Four Local Research Ethics Committees to Submitted Proposals. Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (3):274-277.score: 246.0
    BACKGROUND: There is relatively little research concerning the processes whereby Local Research Ethics Committees discharge their responsibilities towards society, potential participants and investigators. OBJECTIVES: To examine the criteria used by LRECs in arriving at their decisions concerning approval of research protocols through an analysis of letters sent to investigators. DESIGN: Four LRECs each provided copies of 50 letters sent to investigators after their submitted proposals had been considered by the committees. These letters were subjected to a content (...)
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Svitlana V. Pustovit (2006). Some Methodological Aspects of Ethics Committees' Expertise: The Ukrainian Example. Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (1):85-94.score: 246.0
    Today local, national and international ethics committees have become an effective means of social regulation in many European countries. Science itself is an important precondition for the development of bioethical knowledge and ethics expertise. Cultural, social, historical and religious preconditions can facilitate different forms and methods of ethics expertise in each country. Ukrainian ethics expertise has some methodological problems connected with its socio-cultural, historical, science and philosophy development particularities. In this context, clarification of some common (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. J. Simek, L. Zamykalova & M. Mesanyova (2010). Ethics Committee or Community? Examining the Identity of Czech Ethics Committees in the Period of Transition. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (9):548-552.score: 246.0
    Reflecting on a three year long exploratory research of ethics committees in the Czech Republic authors discuss the current role and identity of research ethics committees. The research of Czech ethics committees focused on both self-presentation and self-understanding of ECs members, and how other stakeholders (representatives of the pharmaceutical industry) view them. The exploratory research was based on formal and informal communication with the members of the ethics committees. Members of the research (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. A. H. Ahmed & K. G. Nicholson (1996). Delays and Diversity in the Practice of Local Research Ethics Committees. Journal of Medical Ethics 22 (5):263-266.score: 246.0
    OBJECTIVES: To compare the practices of local research ethics committees and the time they take to obtain ethical approval for a multi-centre study. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of outcome of applications for a multi-centre study to local research ethics committees. SETTING: Thirty-six local research ethics committees covering 38 district health authorities in England. MAIN MEASURES: Response of chairmen and women, the time required to obtain approval, and questions asked in application forms. RESULTS: We received (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Linda Farber Post (2007). Handbook for Health Care Ethics Committees. Johns Hopkins University Press.score: 240.0
    The Joint Commission on the Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO) requires as a condition of accreditation that every health care institution -- hospital, nursing home, or home care agency -- have a standing mechanism to address ethical issues. Most organizations have chosen to fulfill this requirement with an interdisciplinary ethics committee. The best of these committees are knowledgeable, creative, and effective resources in their institutions. Many are wellmeaning but lack the information, experience, and skills to negotiate adequately the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Guy Lebeer (ed.) (2002). Ethical Function in Hospital Ethics Committees. Ios Press.score: 240.0
    IOS Prexs, 2002 Introduction This book is the final project report of the BIOMED II project Ethical Function in Hospital Ethics Committees Commission,-2001 ...
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Leah McClimans, Anne-Marie Slowther & Michael Parker (2012). Can UK Clinical Ethics Committees Improve Quality of Care? HEC Forum 24 (2):139-147.score: 240.0
    Failings in patient care and quality in NHS Trusts have become a recurring theme over the past few years. In this paper, we examine the Care Quality Commission’s Guidance about Compliance : Essential Standards of Quality and Safety and ask how NHS Trusts might be better supported in fulfilling the regulations specified therein. We argue that clinical ethics committees (CECs) have a role to play in this regard. We make this argument by attending to the many ethical elements (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Reidar Pedersen, Victoria Akre & Reidun Førde (2009). Barriers and Challenges in Clinical Ethics Consultations: The Experiences of Nine Clinical Ethics Committees. Bioethics 23 (8):460-469.score: 240.0
    Clinical ethics committees have recently been established in nearly all Norwegian hospital trusts. One important task for these committees is clinical ethics consultations. This qualitative study explores significant barriers confronting the ethics committees in providing such consultation services. The interviews with the committees indicate that there is a substantial need for clinical ethics support services and, in general, the committee members expressed a great deal of enthusiasm for the committee work. They also (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Simon Clarke (2005). Two Models of Ethics Committees. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 2 (1):41-47.score: 240.0
    A distinction is made between two models of ethics committees. According to the Mirror Model, ethics committees ought to reflect the values of society. The Critical Model says committees are to critically examine these standards rather than merely reflect them. It is argued that the Critical Model should be accepted because a society's ethical standards can be mistaken and a society that has Critical rather than merely Mirror ethics committees is more likely to (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Jean-Claude Chevrolet & Bara Ricou (2009). Hospital Clinical Ethics Committees. The Geneva Experience - Switzerland. Diametros 22:21-38.score: 240.0
    Hospital ethics committees were created in the United States of America in the 1970s. Their aims were the education of the hospital personnel in the field of ethics, the development of policies and the publication of guidelines concerning ethical issues, as well as consultations and case reviews of hospitalized patients when an ethical concern was present. During the last thirty years, these committees disseminated, particularly in Western Europe. In this manuscript, we describe the benefit, but also (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Alice Gaudine, Marianne Lamb, Sandra LeFort & Linda Thorne (2011). The Functioning of Hospital Ethics Committees: A Multiple-Case Study of Four Canadian Committees. [REVIEW] HEC Forum 23 (3):225-238.score: 240.0
    A multiple-case study of four hospital ethics committees in Canada was conducted and data collected included interviews with key informants, observation of committee meetings and ethics-related hospital documents, such as policies and committee minutes. We compared the hospital committees in terms of their structure, functioning and perceptions of key informants and found variation in the dimensions of empowerment, organizational culture of ethics, breadth of ethics mandate, achievements, dynamism, and expertise.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Caterina Caminiti, Francesca Diodati, Arianna Gatti, Saverio Santachiara & Sandro Spinsanti (2011). Current Functions of Italian Ethics Committees: A Cross-Sectional Study. Bioethics 25 (4):220-227.score: 240.0
    Background: The rapid pace of progress in medical research, the consequent need for the timely transfer of new knowledge into practice, and the increasing need for ethics support, is making the work of Ethics Committees (ECs) ever more complex and demanding. As a response, ECs in many countries exhibit large variation in number, mandate, organization and member competences. This cross-sectional study aims to give an overview of the different types of activities of Italian ECs and favour discussion (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan, Aisha Adaranijo, Florita Durueke, Ademola Ajuwon, Adebayo Adejumo, Oliver Ezechi, Kola Oyedeji & Olayide Akanni (2012). Impact of Three Years Training on Operations Capacities of Research Ethics Committees in Nigeria. Developing World Bioethics 12 (3):1-14.score: 240.0
    This paper describes a three-year project designed to build the capacity of members of research ethics committes to perform their roles and responsibilities efficiently and effectively. The project participants were made up of a cross-section of the membership of 13 Research Ethics Committees (RECs) functioning in Nigeria. They received training to develop their capacity to evaluate research protocols, monitor trial implementation, provide constructive input to trial staff, and assess the trial's success in promoting community engagement in the (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Dr Martin Tolich & Kate Mary Baldwin (2005). Unequal Protection for Patient Rights: The Divide Between University and Health Ethics Committees. [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 2 (1):34-40.score: 240.0
    Despite recommendations from the Cartwright Report ethical review by health ethics committees has continued in New Zealand without health practitioners ever having to acknowledge their dual roles as health practitioners researching their own patients. On the other hand, universities explicitly identify doctor/research-patient relations as potentially raising conflict of role issues. This stems from the acknowledgement within the university sector itself that lecturer/research-student relations are fraught with such conflicts. Although similar unequal relationships are seen to exist between health researchers (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Andrea Dörries, Pierre Boitte, Ana Borovecki, Jean-Philippe Cobbaut, Stella Reiter-Theil & Anne-Marie Slowther (2011). Institutional Challenges for Clinical Ethics Committees. HEC Forum 23 (3):193-205.score: 240.0
    Clinical ethics committees (CECs) have been developing in many countries since the 1980s, more recently in the transitional countries in Eastern Europe. With their increasing profile they are now faced with a range of questions and challenges regarding their position within the health care organizations in which they are situated: Should CECs be independent bodies with a critical role towards institutional management, or should they be an integral part of the hospital organization? In this paper, we discuss the (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Donald Chalmers, Dianne Nicol, Pilar Nicolás & Nikolajs Zeps (2014). A Role for Research Ethics Committees in Exchanges of Human Biospecimens Through Material Transfer Agreements. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 11 (3):301-306.score: 240.0
    International transfers of human biological material (biospecimens) and data are increasing, and commentators are starting to raise concerns about how donor wishes are protected in such circumstances. These exchanges are generally made under contractual material transfer agreements (MTAs). This paper asks what role, if any, should research ethics committees (RECs) play in ensuring legal and ethical conduct in such exchanges. It is recommended that RECs should play a more active role in the future development of best practice MTAs (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. D. Micah Hester & Toby Schonfeld (eds.) (2012). Guidance for Healthcare Ethics Committees. Cambridge University Press.score: 240.0
    Introduction to healthcare ethics committees / D. Micah Hester and Toby Schonfeld -- Brief introduction to ethics and ethical theory / D. Micah Hester and Toby Schonfeld -- Ethics committees and the law / Stephen Latham -- Cultural and ...
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Eleanor Updale (2009). The Role of Clinical Ethics Committees. Diametros 22:116-123.score: 232.0
    Over the past 15 years or so, Clinical Ethics Committees (CECs) have been established in many healthcare settings in the UK. How do they work, who sits on them, and what do they discuss? How formal should they be? Should their decisions be binding on clinicians, or purely advisory? Should they offer their services to patients and their families too? Are they valuable additions to clinical support, or simply intellectual talking-shops for their members? Should other countries set up (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. M. E. Redshaw, A. Harris & J. D. Baum (1996). Research Ethics Committee Audit: Differences Between Committees. Journal of Medical Ethics 22 (2):78-82.score: 226.0
    The same research proposal was submitted to 24 district health authority (DHA) research ethics committees in different parts of the country. The objective was to obtain permission for a multi-centre research project. The study of neonatal care in different types of unit (regional, subregional and district), required that four health authorities were approached in each of six widely separated health regions in England. Data were collected and compared concerning aspects of processing, including application forms, information required, timing and (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Allison Ross & Nafsika Athanassoulis (2014). The Role of Research Ethics Committees in Making Decisions About Risk. HEC Forum 26 (3):203-224.score: 224.0
    Most medical research and a substantial amount of non-medical research, especially that involving human participants, is governed by some kind of research ethics committee (REC) following the recommendations of the Declaration of Helsinki for the protection of human participants. The role of RECs is usually seen as twofold: firstly, to make some kind of calculation of the risks and benefits of the proposed research, and secondly, to ensure that participants give informed consent. The extent to which the role of (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Charlotte McDaniel (2010). Assessing Physicians' Roles on Health Care Ethics Committees. HEC Forum 22 (4):275-286.score: 216.0
    The purpose of this study was to examine the role of physicians on HEC including structural and process features. Four committees were selected from among 12 volunteering to participate with 12 sessions observed. Power analysis (0.8) confirmed an adequate number of communication exchanges, and no statistical significant difference (p < 0.05) among two prior surveys affirmed the sample. Data collection included established questionnaires and communication analyses with a tested method. Results revealed physician presence was robust and similar to prior (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Hans-Peter Graf (2013). Are the Votes of Ethics Committees in Germany for the Protection of Clinical Study Trial Subjects “Sovereign Acts?”. Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (2):341-354.score: 214.0
    A sudden paradigm shift has resulted in governmental measures that greatly impact the scope in which the ethics committees in Germany can perform their task of providing expert opinions for clinical research. The so-called “revaluation” of the Medical Device Law Deutsches Medizinproduktegesetz—MPG) is, in our opinion, not based on sound political and professional judgment. In accordance with the changed regulations, ethics committees are now seen as being sub-organs of the state medical associations or the medical faculties (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Johannes J. M. Van Delden Rosemarie D. L. C. Bernabe, Ghislaine J. M. W. Van Thiel, Jan A. M. Raaijmakers (2012). The Risk-Benefit Task of Research Ethics Committees: An Evaluation of Current Approaches and the Need to Incorporate Decision Studies Methods. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):6.score: 214.0
    BackgroundResearch ethics committees (RECs) are tasked to assess the risks and the benefits of a trial. Currently, two procedure-level approaches are predominant, the Net Risk Test and the Component Analysis.DiscussionBy looking at decision studies, we see that both procedure-level approaches conflate the various risk-benefit tasks, i.e., risk-benefit assessment, risk-benefit evaluation, risk treatment, and decision making. This conflation makes the RECs’ risk-benefit task confusing, if not impossible. We further realize that RECs are not meant to do all the risk-benefit (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Vilius Dranseika, Eugenijus Gefenas, Asta Cekanauskaite, H. U. G. Kristina, Signe Mezinska, Eimantas Peicius, Vents Silis, Andres Soosaar & Martin Strosberg (2011). Twenty Years of Human Research Ethics Committees in the Baltic States. Developing World Bioethics 11 (1):48-54.score: 212.0
    Two decades have passed since the first attempts were made to establish systematic ethical review of human research in the Baltic States. Legally and institutionally much has changed. In this paper we provide an historical and structural overview of ethical review of human research and identify some problems related to the role of ethical review in establishing quality research environment in these countries. Problems connected to (a) public availability of information, (b) management of conflicts of interest, (c) REC composition and (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Donna Dickenson (2006). Gender and Ethics Committees: Where's the 'Different Voice'? Bioethics 20 (3):115–124.score: 210.0
  31. Edith Valdez-martinez, Bernardo Turnbull, Juan Garduño-espinosa & John D. H. Porter (2006). Descriptive Ethics: A Qualitative Study of Local Research Ethics Committees in Mexico. Developing World Bioethics 6 (2):95–105.score: 210.0
  32. Jonathan W. Camp, Raymond C. Barfield, Virginia Rodriguez, Amanda J. Young, Ruthbeth Finerman & Miguela A. Caniza (2009). Challenges Faced by Research Ethics Committees in El Salvador: Results From a Focus Group Study. Developing World Bioethics 9 (1):11-17.score: 210.0
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Pierre Effa, Achille Massougbodji, Francine Ntoumi, François Hirsch, Henri Debois, Marissa Vicari, Assetou Derme, Jacques Ndemanga-kamoune, Joseph Nguembo, Benido Impouma, Jean-paul Akué, Armand Ehouman, Alioune Dieye & Wen Kilama (2007). Ethics Committees in Western and Central Africa: Concrete Foundations. Developing World Bioethics 7 (3):136–142.score: 210.0
    The involvement of developing countries in international clinical trials is necessary for the development of appropriate medicines fo.
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. Robert Klitzman (2008). Views of the Process and Content of Ethical Reviews of Hiv Vaccine Trials Among Members of Us Institutional Review Boards and South African Research Ethics Committees. Developing World Bioethics 8 (3):207-218.score: 210.0
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Vilius Dranseika, Eugenijus Gefenas, Asta Cekanauskaite, Kristina Hug, Signe Mezinska, Eimantas Peicius, Vents Silis, Andres Soosaar & Martin Strosberg (2011). Twenty Years of Human Research Ethics Committees in the Baltic States. Developing World Bioethics 11 (1):48-54.score: 210.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Sarah J. L. Edwards, Richard Ashcroft & Simon Kirchin (2004). Research Ethics Committees: Differences and Moral Judgement. Bioethics 18 (5):408–427.score: 210.0
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. A. Nyika, W. Kilama, R. Chilengi, G. Tangwa, P. Tindana, P. Ndebele & J. Ikingura (2009). Composition, Training Needs and Independence of Ethics Review Committees Across Africa: Are the Gate-Keepers Rising to the Emerging Challenges? Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (3):189-193.score: 210.0
    Background: The high disease burden of Africa, the emergence of new diseases and efforts to address the 10/90 gap have led to an unprecedented increase in health research activities in Africa. Consequently, there is an increase in the volume and complexity of protocols that ethics review committees in Africa have to review. Methods: With a grant from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, the African Malaria Network Trust (AMANET) undertook a survey of 31 ethics review committees (...)
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. John O. Christensen (1991). Medical Ethics Committees: A Selective Bibliography of Recent References. Vance Bibliographies.score: 210.0
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Ronald E. Cranford & A. Edward Doudera (eds.) (1984). Institutional Ethics Committees and Health Care Decision Making. Health Administration Press.score: 210.0
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. D. Micah Hester (ed.) (2008). Ethics by Committee: A Textbook on Consultation, Organization, and Education for Hospital Ethics Committees. Rowman & Littlefield Pub..score: 210.0
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. C. Milford, D. Wassenaar & C. Slack (2005). Resource and Needs of Research Ethics Committees in Africa: Preparations for HIV Vaccine Trials. Irb 28 (2):1-9.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. Vic Larcher (2009). The Development and Function of Clinical Ethics Committees (CECs) in the United Kingdom. Diametros 22:47-63.score: 208.0
    In the UK an increasing number of Clinical Ethics Committees (CECs) have been developed mainly in response to local need and interest. Their functions include education of health professionals, of policy and guideline development, and case review (both retrospective analysis of topics and advice on acute cases). The UK Clinical Ethics Network, a charitable foundation provides CEC s with help, support and advice and enables them to share their experience The legal status of UK CECs is unclear (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. Tanja Ramsauer & Andreas Frewer (2009). Clinical Ethics Committees and Pediatrics. An Evaluation of Case Consultations. Diametros 22:90 – 104.score: 208.0
    Since Clinical Ethics Consultation has become important in the public health sector in the last decade in Germany, there are on-going questions about effectiveness. Targets have been established by the Ethics Committees, in regard to assisting patients, families and health care teams at times of ethical conflicts during the decision-making process in medical care. Of all the ethics consultations over the last eight years at Erlangen University Hospital the consultations carried out in the pediatric department were (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Norbert Steinkamp, Bert Gordijn, Ana Borovecki, Eugenijus Gefenas, Jozef Glasa, Marc Guerrier, Tom Meulenbergs, Joanna Różyńska & Anne Slowther (2007). Regulation of Healthcare Ethics Committees in Europe. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (4):461-475.score: 208.0
    In this article, the question is discussed if and how Healthcare Ethics Committees (HECs) should be regulated. The paper consists of two parts. First, authors from eight EC member countries describe the status quo in their respective countries, and give reasons as to the form of regulation they consider most adequate. In the second part, the country reports are analysed. It is suggested that regulation of HECs should be central and weak. Central regulation is argued to be apt (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. Marcel J. H. Kenter (2009). Regulating Human Participants Protection in Medical Research and the Accreditation of Medical Research Ethics Committees in the Netherlands. Journal of Academic Ethics 7 (1-2):33-43.score: 198.0
    The review system on research with human participants in the Netherlands is characterised as a decentralised controlled and integrated peer review system. It consists of an independent governmental body, the Central Committee on Research Involving Human Subjects (or Central Committee), which regulates the review of research proposals by accredited Medical Research Ethics Committees (MRECs). The legal basis was founded in 1999 with the Medical Research Involving Human Subjects Act. The review system is a decentralised arrangement since most research (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. Sue Eckstein (ed.) (2003). Manual for Research Ethics Committees. Cambridge University Press.score: 192.0
    The sixth edition of the Manual for Research Ethics Committees is a unique compilation of legal and ethical guidance which will prove invaluable for members of research ethics committees, researchers involved in research with humans, members of the pharmaceutical industry and students of law, medicine, ethics and philosophy. Presented in a clear and authoritative form, it incorporates the key legal and ethical guidelines and specially written chapters on major topics in bioethics by leading academic authors (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. Cheryl Cox Macpherson (1999). Research Ethics Committees: A Regional Approach. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 20 (2):161-179.score: 192.0
    Guidelines for Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) or research ethics committees exist at national and international levels. These guidelines are based on ethical principles and establish an internationally acceptable standard for the review and conduct of medical research. Having attained a multinational consensus about what these fundamental guidelines should be, IRBs are left to interpret the guidelines and devise their own means of implementing them. Individual and community values bear on the interpretation of the guidelines so different IRBs attain (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Andreas Hoecht (2011). Whose Ethics, Whose Accountability? A Debate About University Research Ethics Committees. Ethics and Education 6 (3):253 - 266.score: 186.0
    Research ethics approval procedures and research ethics committees (RECs) are now well-established in most Western Universities. RECs base their judgements on an ethics code that has been developed by the health and biomedical sciences research community and that is widely considered to be universally valid regardless of discipline. On the other hand, a sizeable body of literature has emerged criticising the work of RECs, as, among other things, overly bureaucratic and unresponsive to the needs of disciplines (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. R. Forde & R. Pedersen (2012). Evaluation of Case Consultations in Clinical Ethics Committees. Clinical Ethics 7 (1):45-50.score: 186.0
    If ethics consultation services influence medical decisions it is important to evaluate how ethical dilemmas are dealt with by clinical ethics committees (CECs). Such evaluation is rare. This study presents a feasible and practical method of evaluating case discussions in CECs and the results emerging from the use of this method. A written presentation of an end-of-life dilemma was sent to all Norwegian ethics committees. The committees were asked to deal with the case as (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. Paolo Cattorini (1993). Bioethics and Ethics Committees in Italy. The Present Situation and the Perspectives. NTM International Journal of History and Ethics of Natural Sciences, Technology and Medicine 1 (1):129-136.score: 186.0
    The article examines reasons and features of the Italian bioethics movement in itself and in relationship to that in the U.S.A. Research, consultation, teaching are the most requested professional activities. Ethics committees are now established in several places and at different level: national (National Italian Committee for Bioethics), regional (Italy has about twenty regions with some political power), and institutional (research centers, university, main hospitals).
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 1000