Search results for 'Etiology' (try it on Scholar)

191 found
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  1.  2
    Lance Wahlert (2013). The Burden of Poofs: Criminal Pathology, Clinical Scrutiny, and Homosexual Etiology in Queer Cinema. [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Humanities 34 (2):149-175.
    Given the resurgence of scientific studies on the etiology of homosexuality in the wake of the AIDS epidemic, this article considers the effects these studies had on contemporaneous queer filmmakers. By using the subject of criminality as a way to talk about homosexual causality, queer films of the 1990s illustrate that contemporary scientific studies on homosexuality were historically and politically situated in relation to cultural anxieties about other forms of deviance. This article focuses on films that dissect the hetero-normative (...)
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  2.  9
    Joshua DiPaolo & Robert Mark Simpson (forthcoming). Indoctrination Anxiety and the Etiology of Belief. Synthese:1-20.
    People sometimes try to call others’ beliefs into question by pointing out the contingent causal origins of those beliefs. The significance of such ‘Etiological Challenges’ is a topic that has started attracting attention in epistemology. Current work on this topic aims to show that Etiological Challenges are, at most, only indirectly epistemically significant, insofar as they bring other generic epistemic considerations to the agent’s attention. Against this approach, we argue that Etiological Challenges are epistemically significant in a more direct and (...)
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  3.  76
    Ron McClamrock (1993). Functional Analysis and Etiology. Erkenntnis 38 (2):249-260.
    Cummins (1982) argues that etiological considerations are not onlyinsufficient butirrelevant for the determination offunction. I argue that his claim of irrelevance rests on a misrepresentation of the use of functions in evolutionary explanations. I go on to suggest how accepting anetiological constraint on functional analysis might help resolve some problems involving the use of functional explanations.
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  4.  27
    Brendan Lalor (1998). Swampman, Etiology, and Content. Southern Journal of Philosophy 36 (2):215-232.
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  5.  2
    Edward C. Green (1998). Etiology in Human and Animal Ethnomedicine. Agriculture and Human Values 15 (2):127-131.
    It can be shown that considerable common ground exists between indigenous or traditional theories of contagious disease in Africa, and modern medicine, whether human or veterinary. Yet this is not recognized because of the generally low regard in which the medically trained – whether African or expatriate – hold African traditional medicine. This attitude seems to result from the assumption that African health beliefs are based on witchcraft and related “supernatural” thinking. I argue that this may not be so in (...)
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  6.  51
    David J. Depew (2008). Consequence Etiology and Biological Teleology in Aristotle and Darwin. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (4):379-390.
    Aristotle’s biological teleology is rooted in an epigenetic account of reproduction. As such, it is best interpreted by consequence etiology. I support this claim by citing the capacity of consequence etiology’s key distinctions to explain Aristotle’s opposition to Empedocles. There are implications for the relation between ancient and modern biology. The analysis reveals that in an important respect Darwin’s account of adaptation is closer to Aristotle’s than to Empedocles’s. They both rely on consequence etiological considerations to evade attributing (...)
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  7. Susanna Siegel (2013). The Epistemic Impact of the Etiology of Experience. Philosophical Studies 162 (3):697-722.
    In this paper I offer a theory of what makes certain influences on visual experiences by prior mental states (including desires, beliefs, moods, and fears) reduce the justificatory force of those experiences. The main idea is that experiences, like beliefs, can have rationally assessable etiologies, and when those etiologies are irrational, the experiences are epistemically downgraded.
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  8.  67
    Ralph Dellis (1987). Fairness and the Etiology of Criminal Behavior. Philosophy and Social Criticism 13 (2):175-194.
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  9.  49
    Bence Nanay (2014). Teleosemantics Without Etiology. Philosophy of Science 81 (5):798-810.
    The aim of teleosemantics is to give a scientifically respectable, or ‘naturalistic’ theory of mental content. In the debates surrounding the scope and merits of teleosemantics a lot has been said about the concept of indication (or carrying information). The aim of this paper is to focus on the other key concept of teleosemantics: biological function. It has been universally accepted in the teleosemantics literature that the account of biological function one should use to flesh out teleosemantics is that of (...)
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  10. Stephanie S. Turner (1996). Toward a Feminist Revision of Research Protocols on the Etiology of Homosexuality. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 3 (2):10-17.
    Examining the language and paradigms of science as rhetorical, that is, arising from the sociocultural forces that shape ideology, reveals androcentric assumptions that tend to thwart democratic public policy as well as effective methodology. This paper applies some recent feminist critiques of the biological sciences to the current research on the possible hormonal and genetic factors contributing to homosexuality, clarifying how this research perpetuates hierarchical binaries and suggesting ways to reconceptualize human sexuality through revised research protocols.
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  11.  41
    H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr (1976). Ideology and Etiology. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 1 (3):256-268.
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  12.  4
    J. Lindenmann (2001). Siegel, Schaudinn, Fleck and the Etiology of Syphilis. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 32 (3):435-455.
    In 1905 two different etiologic agents for syphilis were proposed in Berlin, one, the Cytorrhyctes luis, by John Siegel, the other, Spirochaete pallida, by Fritz Schaudinn. Both scientists were pupils of Franz Eilhard Schulze, and were outsiders to the Berlin medical establishment. Both belonged to the same thought collective, used the same thought style, and started from the same supposition that the etiologic agent of syphilis must be a protist. Both used the same morphological approach, the same microscopes and the (...)
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  13.  4
    Reiner A. Veitia (2002). Exploring the Etiology of Haploinsufficiency. Bioessays 24 (2):175-184.
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  14.  9
    Kyle Johnson, Towards an Etiology of Adjunct Islands.
    In one approach to classifying island phenomena, there is a group that answers to the following description. ADJUNCT ISLAND CONDITION If an XP is in an adjunct position, nothing may move out of it. In the influential approach to this condition in Huang, “adjunct” position is defined in terms that reference argument structure and its reflection in phrasemarker geometry. This definition groups together subject phrases and modifying phrases, contrasting them with phrases in “complement” position. The subsequent bounding theories in Lasnik (...)
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  15.  60
    K. A. Forrest (2001). Toward an Etiology of Dissociative Identity Disorder: A Neurodevelopmental Approach. Consciousness and Cognition 10 (3):259-293.
    This article elaborates on Putnam's ''discrete behavioral states'' model of dissociative identity disorder (Putnam, 1997) by proposing the involvement of the orbitalfrontal cortex in the development of DID and suggesting a potential neurodevelopmental mechanism responsible for the development of multiple representations of self. The proposed ''orbitalfrontal'' model integrates and elaborates on theory and research from four domains: the neurobiology of the orbitalfrontal cortex and its protective inhibitory role in the temporal organization of behavior, the development of emotion regulation, the development (...)
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  16.  1
    Kathleen M. Carley, Michael K. Martin & Brian R. Hirshman (2009). The Etiology of Social Change. Topics in Cognitive Science 1 (4):621-650.
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  17.  43
    Paul E. Meehl (1977). Specific Etiology and Other Forms of Strong Influence: Some Quantitative Meanings. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 2 (1):33-53.
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  18.  9
    J. Lindenmann (2002). Siegel, Schaudinn, Fleck and the Etiology of Syphilis: A Response to Henk Van den Belt. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 33 (4):751-752.
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  19.  4
    Reinout W. Wiers, Katrijn Houben, Fren Ty Smulders, Patricia J. Conrod & Barry T. Jones (2006). To Drink or Not to Drink: The Role of Automatic and Controlled Cognitive Processes in the Etiology of Alcohol-Related Problems. In Reinout W. Wiers & Alan W. Stacy (eds.), Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction. Sage Publications Ltd
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  20.  9
    A. Govaerts (1925). The Influence of Heredity in the Etiology of Tuberculosis. The Eugenics Review 17 (1):12.
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  21.  19
    Armando Bertone, Laurent Mottron & Jocelyn Faubert (2004). Autism and Schizophrenia: Similar Perceptual Consequence, Different Neurobiological Etiology? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (4):592-593.
    Phillips & Silverstein (P&S, 2003) propose that NMDA-receptor dysfunction may be the fundamental neurobiological mechanism underlying and associating impaired holistic perception and cognitive coordination with schizophrenic psychopathology. We discuss how the P&S hypothesis shares different aspects of the weak central coherence account of autism from both theoretical and experimental perspectives. Specifically, we believe that neither those persons with autism nor those with schizophrenia integrate visuo-perceptual information efficiently, resulting in incongruous internal representations of their external world. However, although NMDA-hypofunction may be (...)
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  22.  3
    Krzysztof Palczewski, Arthur S. Polans, Wolfgang Baehr & James B. Ames (2000). Ca2+‐Binding Proteins in the Retina: Structure, Function, and the Etiology of Human Visual Diseases. Bioessays 22 (4):337-350.
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  23.  5
    D. White (1921). The Relative Influence of the Constitutional Factor in the Etiology of Tuberculosis. The Eugenics Review 13 (2):416.
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  24.  5
    Peter R. Breggin (1990). Brain Damage, Dementia, and Persistent Cognitive Dysfunction Associated with Neuroleptic Drugs: Evidence, Etiology, Implications. Journal of Mind and Behavior 11 (3):4.
    Several million people are treated with neuroleptic medications in North America each year. A large percentage of these patients develop a chronic neurologic disorder-tardive dyskinesia-characterized by abnormal movements of the voluntary muscles. Most cases are permanent and there is no known treatment. Evidence has been accumulating that the neuroleptics also cause damage to the highest centers of the brain, producing chronic mental dysfunction, tardive dementia and tardive psychosis. These drug effects may be considered a mental equivalent of tardive dyskinesia. Relevant (...)
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  25.  4
    Michael Nair-Collins (2013). Representation in Biological Systems: Teleofunction, Etiology, and Structural Preservation. In Liz Swan (ed.), Origins of Mind. 161--185.
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  26.  3
    H. T. Wright (2000). Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders. Etiology, Pathogenesis, and Therapeutics. Bioessays 22 (7):682-683.
  27.  3
    A. Milchman (1992). Hannah Arendt and the Etiology of the Desk Killer: The Holocaust as Portent. History of European Ideas 14 (2):213-226.
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  28.  2
    Hafez Elzein & Sima Hamadeh (2011). Prevalence and Etiology: Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Countries. In Luis Moreno, Iris Pigeot & Wolfgang Ahrens (eds.), Epidemiology of Obesity in Children and Adolescents. Springer Science+Business Media 127--152.
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  29.  2
    Adolf Grünbaum (1991). Etiology and Theory in Psychoanalytic Theory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (4):729-732.
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  30.  2
    Christopher F. Roth (1998). Reincarnation and Biology: A Contribution to the Etiology of Birthmarks and Birth Defects. Anthropology of Consciousness 9 (2‐3):64-68.
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  31.  2
    S. Janciauskiene & H. T. Wright (1998). Inflammation, Antichymotrypsin, and Lipid Metabolism: Autogenic Etiology of Alzheimer's Disease. Bioessays 20 (12):1039-1046.
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  32.  1
    Janusz Kostrzewski (forthcoming). Contemporary View of the Etiology of Down's Syndrome. Roczniki Filozoficzne: Annales de Philosophie.
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  33.  1
    Luis A. Moreno, Iris Pigeot & Wolfgang Ahrens (2011). Childhood Obesity: Etiology-Synthesis Part II. In Luis Moreno, Iris Pigeot & Wolfgang Ahrens (eds.), Epidemiology of Obesity in Children and Adolescents. Springer Science+Business Media 483--492.
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  34.  1
    Carl W. O.‘Nell (1975). An Investigation of Reported “Fright” as a Factor in the Etiology of Susto,“Magical Fright”. Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 3 (1):41-63.
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  35. Justinn Barr, Daniel Gordon, Paul Schedl & Girish Deshpande (2015). Xenotransplantation Exposes the Etiology Ofazoospermia Factor Induced Male Sterility. Bioessays 37 (3):278-283.
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  36.  54
    Andrei A. Buckareff (1999). Can Agent-Causation Be Rendered Intelligible?: An Essay on the Etiology of Free Action. Dissertation, Texas A&M University
    The doctrine of agent-causation has been suggested by many interested in defending libertarian theories of free action to provide the conceptual apparatus necessary to make the notion of incompatibility freedom intelligible. In the present essay the conceptual viability of the doctrine of agent-causation will be assessed. It will be argued that agent-causation is, insofar as it is irreducible to event-causation, mysterious at best, totally unintelligible at worst. First, the arguments for agent-causation made by such eighteenth-century luminaries as Samuel Clarke and (...)
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  37. George Crile (1960). The Cancer Problem: A Speculative Review of the Etiology, Natural History, and Treatment of Cancer. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 3 (3):358-382.
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  38. David J. Depew (2008). Consequence Etiology and Biological Teleology in Aristotle and Darwin. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 39 (4):379-390.
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  39. J. Khol (1982). The General Etiology as a Methodological Discipline of the Marxist-Leninist Social-Sciences. Filosoficky Casopis 30 (6):848-864.
     
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  40. Bennett L. Leventhal (1982). Brain Dysfunction in Children: Etiology, Diagnosis and Management Edited by Perry Black. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 26 (1):163-164.
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  41. Sol Levy (1968). The Hyperkinetic Child—its Etiology, Diagnosis and Treatment. In Peter Koestenbaum (ed.), Proceedings. [San Jose? Calif. 3--1587.
     
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  42. Jean Lindenmann (2001). Siegel, Schaudinn, Fleck and the Etiology of Syphilis. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 32 (3):435-455.
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  43. Jean Lindenmann (2002). Siegel, Schaudinn, Fleck and the Etiology of Syphilis: A Response to Henk van den Belt. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 33 (4):751-752.
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  44. Ron McClamrock (1993). Etiology and Functional Analysis. Erkenntnis 38:249-260.
     
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  45. Carl W. O'nell (1975). An Investigation of Reported "Fright" as a Factor in the Etiology of Susto, "Magical Fright". Ethos 3 (1):41-63.
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  46. Peter Raabe (2010). ‘Mental Illness’: Ontology, Etiology and Philosophy as‘Cure’. HASER. Revista Internacional de Filosofía Aplicada 1:13-41.
    This essay defines the ontology of mental illness or mental disorder in non-biomedical terms, as consisting of problematic propositional mental content rather than organic brain malfunction. This allows for a causal theory of mental disorder to be located within the parameters of existential difficulties rather thanbiological pathology, and contradicts the argument in defence of the necessity of psychotropic medications for the alleviation of mental distress. This in turn supports the argument that mental disorders can be treated, if not cured, by (...)
     
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  47. A. Robinet (1975). Historical Etiology According to Cournot. Revue Internationale de Philosophie 29 (111):121-140.
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  48. Martin Sevilla Rodriguez (2006). The Etiology of the Indian Materialist Carvaka in the'Mahabharata'. Pensamiento 62 (233):321-328.
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  49. Charles H. Williams (1976). Some Observations on the Etiology of the Fulminant Hyperthermia—Stress Syndrome. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 20 (1):120-130.
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  50.  57
    Adele Mercier (1993). Normativism and the Mental: A Problem of Language Individuation. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 72 (1):71-88.
    My aim in this paper is two?fold. I start by contrasting three versions of externalist arguments based on etiological considerations, whose differences are not often appreciated. My purpose in doing so is to isolate one of these versions of externalism as most supportive of current anti?individualist attitudes toward the mental. My second aim is to show that this version, which I call (for reasons soon to be clear) Dialectal Etiology , is marred to a greater extent than the other (...)
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