Search results for 'Eugene B. Brody' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Eugene B. Brody (1987). Reproduction Without Sex?But with the Doctor. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 15 (3):152-155.score: 870.0
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  2. Kenneth M. Boyd, Robert V. Brody, David A. Buehler, Daniel Callahan, Kevin T. FitzGerald, Elizabeth Graham, John Harris, Steve Heilig & Søren Holm (1998). William Andereck, MD, is Chair of the Ethics Committees at California Pacific Medical Center and the Pacific Fertility Center, San Francisco, California. Lori B. Andrews, JD, is Professor of Law at Chicago-Kent College of Law and Senior Scholar at the Center for Clinical Medical Ethics at the University of Chicago, Illinois. [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7:117-118.score: 360.0
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  3. Laura Weiss Roberts, Teddy D. Warner, Laura B. Dunn, Janet L. Brody, Katherine Green Hammond & Brian B. Roberts (2007). Shaping Medical Students' Attitudes Toward Ethically Important Aspects of Clinical Research: Results of a Randomized, Controlled Educational Intervention. Ethics and Behavior 17 (1):19 – 50.score: 280.0
    The effects of research ethics training on medical students' attitudes about clinical research are examined. A preliminary randomized controlled trial evaluated 2 didactic approaches to ethics training compared to a no-intervention control. The participant-oriented intervention emphasized subjective experiences of research participants (empathy focused). The criteria-oriented intervention emphasized specific ethical criteria for analyzing protocols (analytic focused). Compared to controls, those in the participant-oriented intervention group exhibited greater attunement to research participants' attitudes related to altruism, trust, quality of relationships with researchers, desire (...)
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  4. Laura Weiss Roberts, Teddy D. Warner, Laura B. Dunn, Janet L. Brody, Katherine A. Green Hammond & Brian B. Roberts (2007). Shaping Medical Students' Attitudes Toward Ethically Important Aspects of Clinical Research: Results of a Randomized, Controlled Educational Intervention. Ethics and Behavior 17 (1):19-50.score: 280.0
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  5. B. A. Brody (1971). Abortion and the Law. Journal of Philosophy 68 (12):357-369.score: 240.0
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  6. B. A. Brody (1967). Natural Kinds and Real Essences. Journal of Philosophy 64 (14):431-446.score: 240.0
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  7. B. A. Brody (1973). Abortion and the Sanctity of Human Life. American Philosophical Quarterly 10 (2):133 - 140.score: 240.0
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  8. B. A. Brody (1968). Confirmation and Explanation. Journal of Philosophy 65 (10):282-299.score: 240.0
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  9. B. A. Brody (1971). On the Ontological Priority of Physical Objects. Noûs 5 (2):139-155.score: 240.0
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  10. B. A. Brody (1972). Towards an Aristotelean Theory of Scientific Explanation. Philosophy of Science 39 (1):20-31.score: 240.0
    In this paper, I consider a variety of objections against the covering-law model of scientific explanation, show that Aristotle was already aware of them and had solutions for them, and argue that these solutions are correct. These solutions involve the notions of nonHumean causality and of essential properties. There are a great many familiar objections, both methodological and epistemological, to introducing these concepts into the methodology of science, but I show that these objections are based upon misunderstandings of these concepts.
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  11. B. A. Brody (1971). Reid and Hamilton on Perception. The Monist 55 (3):423-441.score: 240.0
  12. B. A. Brody (1972). Sommers on Predicability. Philosophical Studies 23 (1-2):138 - 140.score: 240.0
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  13. B. A. Brody (1971). Words and Objections: Essays on the Works of W.V.O. Quine. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 2 (2):167-175.score: 240.0
  14. B. A. Brody & R. K. Lie (1993). Methodological and Conceptual Issues in Health Care System Comparisons: Canada, Norway, and the United States. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 18 (5):437-463.score: 240.0
    There is a growing interest in comparison of international health care data with the hope that such studies will enable individual systems to learn from other systems. Such comparisons, however, presuppose that there exist common criteria for evaluating health care systems. The main thesis of this paper is that these comparative studies are misleading because they employ inappropriate operationalizations of these criteria because the operarionalizations are based upon mistaken global conceptualizations of the criteria in question. The essay provides a methodological (...)
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  15. C. M. Ashton, N. P. Wray, A. F. Jarman, J. M. Kolman, D. M. Wenner & B. A. Brody (2009). Ethics and Methods in Surgical Trials. Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (9):579-583.score: 240.0
    This paper focuses on invasive therapeutic procedures, defined as procedures requiring the introduction of hands, instruments, or devices into the body via incisions or punctures of the skin or mucous membranes performed with the intent of changing the natural history of a human disease or condition for the better. Ethical and methodological concerns have been expressed about studies designed to evaluate the effects of invasive therapeutic procedures. Can such studies meet the same standards demanded of those, for example, evaluating pharmaceutical (...)
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  16. B. D. Reeves & H. Brody (1992). Point and Counterpoint: Is It Beneficial for Ethics Committee Functions to Be Mandated in Statutes and/or Regulations? Hec Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues 4 (54):324.score: 240.0
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  17. C. M. Ashton, N. P. Wray, A. F. Jarman, J. M. Kolman, D. M. Wenner & B. A. Brody (2011). A Taxonomy of Multinational Ethical and Methodological Standards for Clinical Trials of Therapeutic Interventions. Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (6):368-373.score: 240.0
    Background If trials of therapeutic interventions are to serve society's interests, they must be of high methodological quality and must satisfy moral commitments to human subjects. The authors set out to develop a clinical-trials compendium in which standards for the ethical treatment of human subjects are integrated with standards for research methods. Methods The authors rank-ordered the world's nations and chose the 31 with >700 active trials as of 24 July 2008. Governmental and other authoritative entities of the 31 countries (...)
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  18. Baruch A. Brody, H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr, John E. Fellers, Amir Halevy, B. Andrew Lustig, Elizabeth Heitman, Laurence B. McCullough, Gerald McKenny, J. Robert Nelson & Stuart Spicker (1995). For Further Information and/or to Register for the Seminar, Please Write or Call The Institute of Religion, Texas Medical Center, 1129 Wilkins Blvd., Houston, TX 77030.(713) 797-0600. [REVIEW] HEC Forum 7:5.score: 240.0
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  19. B. A. Brody & A. Halevy (1995). Is Futility a Futile Concept? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20 (2):123-144.score: 240.0
    This paper distinguishes four major types of futility (physiological, imminent demise, lethal condition, and qualitative) that have been advocated in the literature either in a patient dependent or a patient independent fashion. It proposes five criteria (precision, prospective, social acceptability, significant number, and non-agreement) that any definition of futility must satisfy if it is to serve as the basis for unilaterally limiting futile care. It then argues that none of the definitions that have been advocated meet the criteria, primarily because (...)
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  20. B. A. Brody (forthcoming). Costs and Clinicians as Agents of Patients'. Bioethics, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, Nj.score: 240.0
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  21. Nathan Brody & Erness B. Brody (1980). Differential Construct Validity. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (3):335.score: 240.0
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  22. B. Brody (forthcoming). Fetal Humanity and Brain Function. Bioethics: Readings and Cases. Englewood Cliffs, Nj, Prentice-Hall.score: 240.0
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  23. B. Brody (1978). Is Abortion a Religious Issue? 1. Religious, Moral, and Sociologicological Issues: Some Basic Distinctions. Hastings Center Report 8 (4):13-13.score: 240.0
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  24. Baruch B. Brody (2007). Intellectual Property and Biotechnology: The European Debate. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 17 (2):69.score: 240.0
    The European patent system allows for the introduction of moral issues into decisions about the granting of patents. This feature has.
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  25. B. Brody (1990). Philosophical Critique of Bioethics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15:161-178.score: 240.0
     
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  26. Baruch A. Brody, H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr, Elizabeth Heitman, B. Andrew Lustig, Laurence B. McCullough, Gerald McKenny, Stuart F. Spieker & Porter B. Storey (1995). " Recovering the Traditions: Religious Perspectives in Medical Ethics. Christian Bioethics 1 (2):247.score: 240.0
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  27. B. A. Brody & R. K. Lie (1993). Response to Poullier. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 18 (5):475-476.score: 240.0
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  28. B. Brody & H. Englehardt (forthcoming). The Major Moral Considerations. Bioethics: Readings and Cases (Pp3-33). New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.score: 240.0
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  29. T. R. Cooper, W. D. Caplan, J. A. Garcia-Prats & B. A. Brody (1996). The Interrelationship of Ethical Issues in the Transition From Old Paradigms to New Technologies. Journal of Clinical Ethics 7 (3):243.score: 240.0
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  30. N. N. Dubler, R. M. Landers, B. A. Brody, R. B. Dell, R. Macklin, J. E. Osborn & T. Wetle (1999). New Home for OPRR. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 9 (3):285-287.score: 240.0
     
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  31. James Maxwell (1980). Intelligence: Nature, Determinants and Consequences. By E. B Brody and N. Brody. Pp X + 241. (Academic Press, New York, 1976.) Price £9.80. [REVIEW] Journal of Biosocial Science 12 (2):235-236.score: 140.0
    Cambridge Journals Online (CJO) is the online journals publishing service of Cambridge University Press. CJO hosts leading journals across multiple disciplines.
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  32. Baruch A. Brody (1983). The Use of Halakhic Material in Discussions of Medical Ethics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 8 (3):317-328.score: 120.0
    In this paper questions are raised about the use of Halakhic material discussions of medical ethics. Three ways in which one might use Halakhic material in such discussions are distinguishes: (a) as a source for ideas about medical ethics which can be defended independently of their origin; (b) as a basis for mandating certain forms of behaviour for members of the Jewish faith; (c) as the basis for claims about the Jewish view on disputed topics in medical ethics. The first (...)
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  33. Baruch A. Brody (1989). The President's Commission: The Need to Be More Philosophical. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (4):369-383.score: 120.0
    This paper argues, contrary to what has sometimes been claimed, that public commissions need to be more philosophical than they have been in analyzing crucial bioethical issues. It argues (a) that the failure of the President's Commission to develop and use even simple distinctions between life and personhood led to flaws in both its discussion of death and its discussion of persistent vegetative patients, and (b) that its treatment of access to health care fails to develop a coherent approach precisely (...)
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  34. P. A. G. Johnson (2000). Surgical Ethics: L B McCullough, J W Jones and B A Brody, New York, Oxford University Press, 1998, 396 Pages, Pound35.00 (Hb). [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Ethics 26 (2):146-146.score: 120.0
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  35. Baruch A. Brody, Carol M. Ashton, Dandan Liu, Youxin Xiong, Xuan Yao & Nelda P. Wray, Are Surgical Trials with Negative Results Being Interpreted Correctly?score: 120.0
    BACKGROUND: Many published accounts of clinical trials report no differences between the treatment arms, while being underpowered to find differences. This study determined how the authors of these reports interpreted their findings. STUDY DESIGN: We examined 54 reports of surgical trials chosen randomly from a database of 110 influential trials conducted in 2008. Seven that reported having adequate statistical power (b 0.9) were excluded from further analysis, as were the 32 that reported significant differences between the treatment arms. We examined (...)
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  36. Baruch A. Brody (1970). Moral Rules and Particular Circumstances. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.,Prentice-Hall.score: 120.0
    Morality based upon categorical imperatives. On a supposed right to tell lies from benevolent motives, by I. Kant.--Utilitarian morality, by H. Sidgwick.--What makes right acts right? by Sir D. Ross.--Utilitarianism, universalisation, and our duty to be just, by J. Harrison.--Extreme and restricted utilitarianism, by J. J. C. Smart.--What if everyone did that? by C. Strang.--Toward a credible form of utilitarianism, by R. B. Brandt.
     
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  37. C. J. McKnight (1994). Autonomy and the Akratic Patient. Journal of Medical Ethics 20 (1):54-55.score: 28.0
    I argue that the distinction which is current in much writing on medical ethics between autonomous and non-autonomous patients cannot cope comfortably with weak-willed (incontinent) patients. I describe a case involving a patient who refuses a blood transfusion even though he or she agrees that it would be in his or her best interests. The case is discussed in the light of the treatment of autonomy by B Brody and R Gillon. These writers appear to force us to treat (...)
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  38. David-Hillel Ruben (ed.) (1993). Explanation. Oxford University Press.score: 28.0
    The aim of this series is to bring together important recent writings in major areas of philosophical inquiry, selected from a variety of sources, mostly periodicals, which may not be conveniently available to the university student or the general reader. The editor of each volume contributes an introductory essay on the items chosen and on the questions with which they deal. A selective bibliography is appended as a guide to further reading. This volume presents a selection of the most important (...)
     
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  39. Lena Gustafsson, Susan C. Baker, Jürgen Bauhus, William J. Beese, Angus Brodie, Jari Kouki, David B. Lindenmayer, Asko Lõhmus, Guillermo Martínez Pastur & Christian Messier (2012). Retention Forestry to Maintain Multifunctional Forests: A World Perspective. Bioscience 62 (7):633-645.score: 8.0
    The majority of the world’s forests are used for multiple purposes, which often include the potentially conflicting goals of timber production and biodiversity conservation. A scientifically validated management approach that can reduce such conflicts is retention forestry, an approach modeled on natural processes, which emerged in the last 25 years as an alternative to clearcutting. A portion of the original stand is left unlogged to maintain the continuity of structural and compositional diversity. We detail retention forestry’s ecological role, review its (...)
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