Search results for 'Eugenics Philosophy' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  4
    Nikolai Krementsov (2011). From 'Beastly Philosophy'to Medical Genetics: Eugenics in Russia and the Soviet Union. Annals of Science 68 (1):61-92.
    Summary This essay offers an overview of the three distinct periods in the development of Russian eugenics: Imperial (1900?1917), Bolshevik (1917?1929), and Stalinist (1930?1939). Began during the Imperial era as a particular discourse on the issues of human heredity, diversity, and evolution, in the early years of the Bolshevik rule eugenics was quickly institutionalized as a scientific discipline?complete with societies, research establishments, and periodicals?that aspired an extensive grassroots following, generated lively public debates, and exerted considerable influence on a (...)
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  2.  2
    Marie Gaille & Géraldine Viot (2013). Prenatal Diagnosis as a Tool and Support for Eugenics: Myth or Reality in Contemporary French Society? [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (1):83-91.
    Today, French public debate and bioethics research reflect an ongoing controversy about eugenics. The field of reproductive medicine is often targeted as pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD), prenatal diagnosis, and prenatal detection are accused of drifting towards eugenics or being driven by eugenics considerations. This article aims at understanding why the charge against eugenics came at the forefront of the ethical debate. Above all, it aims at showing that the charge against prenatal diagnosis is groundless. The point (...)
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  3.  92
    S. Holm (2004). Free Speech, Democracy, and Eugenics. Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (6):519 - 519.
    Attempts to stifle debate in medical ethics must be strongly resistedOn 30 September and 1 October this year a conference on “Ethics, Science and Moral Philosophy of Assisted Human Reproduction” was held at the Royal Society in London. The conference was organised by the German philosopher Edgar Dahl and the eminent embryologist Robert Edwards, and the speakers included scientists, IVF practitioners, and philosophers from the UK, the USA, Europe, and Australia Because the programme included discussion of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (...)
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  4.  8
    William L. Power (2001). Eugene Thomas Long, Twentieth-Century Western Philosophy of Religion 1900–2000. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 49 (2):123-126.
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  5.  6
    Donald Wayne Viney (1997). Eugene Thomas Long (Ed.), God, Reason and Religions: New Essays in the Philosophy of Religion. [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 42 (3):187-189.
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  6.  52
    Denis Alexander & Ronald L. Numbers (eds.) (2010). Biology and Ideology From Descartes to Dawkins. The University of Chicago Press.
  7.  13
    Michael J. Selgelid (forthcoming). Moderate Eugenics and Human Enhancement. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy:1-10.
    Though the reputation of eugenics has been tarnished by history, eugenics per se is not necessarily a bad thing. Many advocate a liberal new eugenics—where individuals are free to choose whether or not to employ genetic technologies for reproductive purposes. Though genetic interventions aimed at the prevention of severe genetic disorders may be morally and socially acceptable, reproductive liberty in the context of enhancement may conflict with equality. Enhancement could also have adverse effects on utility. The enhancement (...)
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  8.  9
    Eva M. Neumann-Held (2001). Can It Be a 'Sin' to Understand Disease? On 'Genes' and 'Eugenics' and an 'Unconnected Connection'. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 4 (1):5 - 17.
    Particularly, but not exclusively, in Germany, concerns are uttered as to the consequences of modern biotechnological advances and their range of applications in the field of human genetics. Whereas the proponents of this research are mainly focussing on the possible knowledge that could be gained by understanding the causes of developmental processes and of disease on the molecular level, the critics fear the beginnings of a new eugenics movement. Without claiming a logical relationship between genetic sciences and eugenics (...)
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  9. Paul Diane, James Lennox & Jim Tabery, Session 1: Eugenics Narrative and Reproductive Engineering.
    Proceedings of the Pittsburgh Workshop in History and Philosophy of Biology, Center for Philosophy of Science, University of Pittsburgh, March 23-24 2001 Session 1: Eugenics Narrative and Reproductive Engineering.
     
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  10. J. E. King (2007). Popular Philosophy and Popular Economics: Bertrand Russell, 1919–70. Russell 27 (2).
    By 1918 Bertrand Russell had well-formed and distinctive opinions on many aspects of economic philosophy, theory and policy. In the second half of his life he wrote at great length on a very wide range of economic issues, including modern technology and the prospects for abolishing scarcity; population growth, eugenics and birth control; the economic development of China; the case for democratic socialism; the case against Soviet communism; the causes of economic crises; and the economic background to war (...)
     
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  11. Richard Weikart (2009). Hitler's Ethic: The Nazi Pursuit of Evolutionary Progress. Palgrave Macmillan.
    In this book, Weikart helps unlock the mystery of Hitler’s evil by vividly demonstrating the surprising conclusion that Hitler’s immorality flowed from a coherent ethic. Hitler was inspired by evolutionary ethics to pursue the utopian project of biologically improving the human race. This ethic underlay or influenced almost every major feature of Nazi policy: eugenics (i.e., measures to improve human heredity, including compulsory sterilization), euthanasia, racism, population expansion, offensive warfare, and racial extermination.
     
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  12. Philippe Gagnon (2012). The Problem of Trans-Humanism in the Light of Philosophy and Theology. In James B. Stump & Alan G. Padgett (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Science and Christianity, pp. 393-405. Blackwell 393-405.
    Transhumanism is a means of advocating a re-engineering of conditions that surround human existence at both ends. The problem set before us in this chapter is to inquire into what determined its appearance, in particular in the humanism it seeks to overcome. We look at the spirit of overcoming itself, and the impatience with the Self, in order to try to understand why it seeks a saving power in technology. We then consider how the evolutionary account of the production of (...)
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  13.  12
    Michael Ruse (2012). The Philosophy of Human Evolution. Cambridge University Press.
    1. Evolutionary biology -- 2. Human evolution -- 3. Real science? Good science? -- 4. Progress -- 5. Knowledge -- 6. Morality -- 7. Sex, orientation, and race -- 8. From eugenics to medicine.
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  14. Glenn McGee (2000). The Perfect Baby: Parenthood in the New World of Cloning and Genetics. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    The Perfect Baby is the most popular introduction to ethical issues in genetics. This new edition has been updated to discuss and debate advances in high tech reproduction, genetic testing, gene therapy, human cloning, and stem cell research. It includes a new epilogue by cloning pioneer Ian Wilmut and Glenn McGee.
     
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  15.  27
    Mark B. Adams (2000). Last Judgment: The Visionary Biology of J. B. S. Haldane. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 33 (3):457 - 491.
    This paper seeks to reinterpret the life and work of J. B. S. Haldane by focusing on an illuminating but largely ignored essay he published in 1927, "The Last Judgment" -- the sequel to his better known work, "Daedalus" (1924). This astonishing essay expresses a vision of the human future over the next 40,000,000 years, one that revises and updates Wellsian futurism with the long range implications of the "new biology" for human destiny. That vision served as a kind of (...)
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  16.  13
    Bruce R. Dain (2002). A Hideous Monster of the Mind: American Race Theory in the Early Republic. Harvard University Press.
    A Hideous Monster of the Mind reveals that ideas on race crossed racial boundaries in a process that produced not only well-known theories of biological racism ...
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  17. A. E. Samaan (2013). From a "Race of Masters" to a "Master Race": 1948 to 1848 / Written by A.E Samaan. Createspace.
     
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  18. Luis E. Navia, Nicholas Capaldi & Eugene Kelly (1982). Journeys Through Philosophy a Classical Introduction /Edited by Nicholas Capaldi, Eugene Kelly, and Luis E. Navia. --. Prometheus Books,1982.
     
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  19.  8
    George A. Reisch (ed.) (2007). Pink Floyd and Philosophy: Careful with That Axiom, Eugene! Open Court.
    "Essays critically examine philosophical concepts and problems in the music and lyrics of the band Pink Floyd"--Provided by publisher.
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  20.  14
    John C. Waller (2001). Ideas of Heredity, Reproduction and Eugenics in Britain, 1800–1875. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 32 (3):457-489.
    In this paper I begin by arguing that there are significant intellectual and normative continuities between pre-Victorian hereditarianism and later Victorian eugenical ideologies. Notions of mental heredity and of the dangers of transmitting hereditary ‘taints’ were already serious concerns among medical practitioners and laymen in the early nineteenth century. I then show how the Victorian period witnessed an increasing tendency for these traditional concerns about hereditary transmission and the integrity of bloodlines to be projected onto the level of national health. (...)
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  21.  12
    Alison Sinclair (2008). Social Imaginaries: The Literature of Eugenics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (2):240-246.
    This paper starts from a premise relating to the act of fictional writing about eugenics and the way it may be understood as the embodiment and enactment of social imaginaries. It proposes that literature frequently, if not habitually, expresses the underside of what is expressed in public discourse. That is, far from being the implement of state policy or intervention, it acts in counterpoint to the state, constituting a type of social fantasy in that it explores through the realm (...)
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  22.  24
    Bert Theunissen (2014). Practical Animal Breeding as the Key to an Integrated View of Genetics, Eugenics and Evolutionary Theory: Arend L. Hagedoorn. [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 46 (1):55-64.
    In the history of genetics Arend Hagedoorn is mainly known for the ‘Hagedoorn effect’, which states that part of the changes in variability that populations undergo over time are due to chance effects. Leaving this contribution aside, Hagedoorn’s work has received scarcely any attention from historians. This is mainly due to the fact that Hagedoorn was an expert in animal breeding, a field that historians have only recently begun to explore. His work provides an example of how a prominent geneticist (...)
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  23.  69
    Véronique Mottier (2008). Eugenics, Politics and the State: Social Democracy and the Swiss 'Gardening State'. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (2):263-269.
    This article explores the connections between eugenics, politics and the state, taking the Swiss case as a particular focus. It is argued that Switzerland provides a historical example of what Bauman [Bauman, Z. . Modernity and the Holocaust. Cambridge: Polity Press.] describes as ‘gardening states’: states that are concerned with eliminating the ‘bad weeds’ from the national garden and thereby constructing sharply exclusionary national identities. The Swiss experiments with eugenics can be seen as an example of an ongoing (...)
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  24.  52
    Edmund Ramsden (2008). Eugenics From the New Deal to the Great Society: Genetics, Demography and Population Quality. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (4):391-406.
    The relationship between biological and social scientists as regards the study of human traits and behavior has often been perceived in terms of mutual distrust, even antipathy. In the interwar period, population study seemed an area that might allow for closer relations between them—united as they were by a concern to improve the eugenic quality of populations. Yet these relations were in tension: by the early post-war era, social demographers were denigrating the contributions of biologists to the study of population (...)
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  25.  4
    Deborah Barrett & Charles Kurzman (2004). Globalizing Social Movement Theory: The Case of Eugenics. Theory and Society 33 (5):487-527.
  26.  31
    Richard Cleminson (2008). Eugenics Without the State: Anarchism in Catalonia, 1900–1937. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (2):232-239.
    Current historiography has considered eugenics to be an emanation from state structures or a movement which sought to appeal to the state in order to implement eugenic reform. This paper examines the limitations of that view and argues that it is necessary to expand our horizons to consider particularly working-class eugenics movements that were based on the dissemination of knowledge about sex and which did not aspire to positions of political power. The paper argues that anarchism, with its (...)
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  27.  8
    Natalia Gerodetti (2008). Rational Subjects, Marriage Counselling and the Conundrums of Eugenics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (2):255-262.
    Against the background of degeneration and the perceived threat to the nation’s health and stock, family politics came to constitute an important site for eugenic discourses and interventions. Eugenic regulation of reproductive sexuality and marriage was not only pursued through ‘negative’ eugenics but also through educational policies targeted at young adults and youth. Switzerland serves as a useful case to explore a general idea, namely the limitations for eugenicists of exploiting the concept of a rational subject in order to (...)
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  28.  9
    James Moore (2007). R. A. Fisher: A Faith Fit for Eugenics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 38 (1):110-135.
    In discussions of ‘religion-and-science’, faith is usually emphasized more than works, scientists’ beliefs more than their deeds. By reversing the priority, a lingering puzzle in the life of Ronald Aylmer Fisher , statistician, eugenicist and founder of the neo-Darwinian synthesis, can be solved. Scholars have struggled to find coherence in Fisher’s simultaneous commitment to Darwinism, Anglican Christianity and eugenics. The problem is addressed by asking what practical mode of faith or faithful mode of practice lent unity to his life? (...)
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  29.  71
    Robert Sparrow (2011). Liberalism and Eugenics. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 89 (3):499 - 517.
    ‘Liberal eugenics’ has emerged as the most popular position amongst philosophers writing in the contemporary debate about the ethics of human enhancement. This position has been most clearly articulated by Nicholas Agar, who argues that the ‘new’ liberal eugenics can avoid the repugnant consequences associated with eugenics in the past. Agar suggests that parents should be free to make only those interventions into the genetics of their children that will benefit them no matter what way of life (...)
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  30.  70
    Alexander Etkind (2008). Beyond Eugenics: The Forgotten Scandal of Hybridizing Humans and Apes. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (2):205-210.
    This paper examines the available evidence on one of the most radical ideas in the history of eugenics and utopianism. In the mid-1920s, the zoology professor Ilia Ivanov submitted to the Soviet government a project for hybridizing humans and apes by means of artificial insemination. He received substantial financing and organized expeditions to Africa to catch apes for his experiments. His project caused an international sensation. The American Association for the Advancement of Atheism announced its fund-raising campaign to support (...)
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  31.  35
    Magdalena Gawin (2008). The Sex Reform Movement and Eugenics in Interwar Poland. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (2):181-186.
    This paper focuses on the relations between a liberal group of sex reformers, consisting of writers and literary critics, and physicians from the Polish Eugenics Society in interwar Poland. It illustrates the paradoxes of the mutual co-operation between these two groups during the 1930s and analyses the reason why compulsory sterilisation was rejected by politicians. From the early 1930s two movements began to forge an alliance in Poland: the sexual reform movement which advocated freedom of the individual, and (...), which called for limiting the freedom of the individual for the collective good. This paper draws attention to several issues which emerged as part of this collaboration: population politics, the relationship between reformers, eugenicists and state institutions, and the question of how both movements—eugenics and sexual reform—perceived the question of sexuality, birth control and abortion. It will also focus on those aspects of their thinking that led to mutual co-operation. (shrink)
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  32.  22
    David Gems (1999). Politically Correct Eugenics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 20 (2):201-213.
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  33.  5
    Nils Roll-Hansen (1980). Eugenics Before World War II: The Case of Norway. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 2 (2):269 - 298.
    During the first half of the twentieth century there was a marked decline in biological conceptions of man and society. This paper describes the development of the views concerning eugenics held by the Norwegian scientific expertise, from open racism before World War I to a moderate nonracist eugenic program in the 1930's. It is claimed that public criticism of the popular eugenics movement by the experts came earlier in Norway than in most other countries, including the United States. (...)
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  34.  9
    C. J. (2001). Ideas of Heredity, Reproduction and Eugenics in Britain, 1800-1875. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 32 (3):457-489.
    In this paper I begin by arguing that there are significant intellectual and normative continuities between pre-Victorian hereditarianism and later Victorian eugenical ideologies. Notions of mental heredity and of the dangers of transmitting hereditary 'taints' were already serious concerns among medical practitioners and laymen in the early nineteenth century. I then show how the Victorian period witnessed an increasing tendency for these traditional concerns about hereditary transmission and the integrity of bloodlines to be projected onto the level of national health. (...)
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  35.  6
    David Allan (2008). Eugene Heath (Ed.), Adam Ferguson: Selected Philosophical Writings, Library of Scottish Philosophy, Exeter and Charlottesville VA: Imprint Academic, 2007. Viii + 178 Pp, £14.95 Pb. ISBN 978-184540-0569. [REVIEW] Journal of Scottish Philosophy 6 (2):219-220.
  36.  7
    Gordon Graham (2010). Eugene Heath and Vincenzo Merolle (Eds), Adam Ferguson: Philosophy, Politics and Society, London: Pickering and Chatto, 2008. 256pp, $99 Hb. ISBN 9781851968657. [REVIEW] Journal of Scottish Philosophy 8 (2):221-225.
  37.  8
    Belén Jiménez-Alonso (2008). Eugenics, Sexual Pedagogy and Social Change: Constructing the Responsible Subject of Governmentality in the Spanish Second Republic. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (2):247-254.
    This study focuses on eugenics in Spain, and more specifically on the ‘official’ eugenics whose platform was the Primeras Jornadas Eugénicas Españolas . The aim of this paper is to relate eugenics to ‘governmentality’ rather than to State politics alone and to ‘Latin eugenics’ rather than to ‘mainline eugenics’. On the one hand, the FSED were largely centred on the development of a new sexual code which would set Catholic sexual morality aside. For this reason, (...)
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  38.  2
    Belén Jiménez-Alonso (2008). Eugenics, Sexual Pedagogy and Social Change: Constructing the Responsible Subject of Governmentality in the Spanish Second Republic. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (2):247-254.
    This study focuses on eugenics in Spain, and more specifically on the ‘official’ eugenics whose platform was the Primeras Jornadas Eugénicas Españolas . The aim of this paper is to relate eugenics to ‘governmentality’ rather than to State politics alone and to ‘Latin eugenics’ rather than to ‘mainline eugenics’. On the one hand, the FSED were largely centred on the development of a new sexual code which would set Catholic sexual morality aside. For this reason, (...)
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  39. Pierre Aubenque (1968). De l'humanisme à la métaphysique: Eugène Dupréel et la philosophie grecque. Revue Internationale de Philosophie 22 (83/84):193.
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  40. Eugene T. Gendlin (2007). Focusing Und Philosophie: Eugene T. Gendlin Über Die Praxis Körperbezogenen Philosophierens. Facultas.Wuv.
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  41. Eugene T. Gendlin (2007). Focusing Und Philosophie: Eugene T. Facultas.Wuv.
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  42. Eugene Thomas Long, Jeremiah Hackett & Jerald Wallulis (2004). Philosophy of Religion for a New Century Essays in Honor of Eugene Thomas Long. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  43. Jean Paumen (1968). Eugène Dupréel et les deux philosophies. Revue Internationale de Philosophie 22 (83/84):66.
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  44. René Schaerer (1941). Lucien gautier, "introduction à l'ancien testament." - Henri-l. Miéville, "le problème de la personne." - Eugène reymond, "tables de la revue de théologie et de philosophie". [REVIEW] Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie:265.
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  45.  3
    Richard J. Blackwell (1973). "Basic Issues in the Philosophy of Time," Ed. Eugene Freeman and Wilfrid Sellars. Modern Schoolman 50 (4):403-403.
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  46.  8
    Józef Życiński (1985). W Kręgu Filozofii Procesu [Recenzja] Charles Hartshorne, Insights and Oversights of Great Thinkers, 1983. Ch. Hartshorne, W.L. Reese, Philosophers Speak of God, 1963. Eugene H. Peters, The Creative Advance. An Introduction to Process Philosophy as a C. [REVIEW] Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 7.
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  47.  8
    Paul Trainor (1977). "The Abdication of Philosophy: Philosophy and the Public Good," Ed. Eugene Freeman. Modern Schoolman 55 (1):101-101.
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  48.  3
    Wayne Cristaudo (1999). Philosophy, Christianity, and Revolution in Eric Voegelin and Eugen Rosenstock‐Huessy. The European Legacy 4 (5):58-74.
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  49.  2
    A. Ginzo Fernández (1971). KAMENKA, EUGENE: De Philosophy of Ludwig Feuerbach. Logos: Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica 6 (6):126-127.
    La idea de que la realidad, en múltiples de sus estratos, es un puro campo sobre el que recaen diversas interpretaciones plantea de inmediato la pregunta acerca de cuántas estrategias interpretativas generales son posibles respecto de la realidad y si estas estrategias, a las que denomino "políticas de la borrosidad", se aplican de una forma selectiva según los ámbitos de objetos de los que estemos hablando.
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  50.  6
    Pierre Bellemare (1984). La philosophie du coeur de Grégoire Skovoroda Antoine Eugène Kaluzny Montréal: Fides, 1983. 128 p. $7.95. [REVIEW] Dialogue 23 (03):525-527.
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