Search results for 'Eugenics Philosophy' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Nikolai Krementsov (2011). From 'Beastly Philosophy'to Medical Genetics: Eugenics in Russia and the Soviet Union. Annals of Science 68 (1):61-92.score: 78.0
    Summary This essay offers an overview of the three distinct periods in the development of Russian eugenics: Imperial (1900?1917), Bolshevik (1917?1929), and Stalinist (1930?1939). Began during the Imperial era as a particular discourse on the issues of human heredity, diversity, and evolution, in the early years of the Bolshevik rule eugenics was quickly institutionalized as a scientific discipline?complete with societies, research establishments, and periodicals?that aspired an extensive grassroots following, generated lively public debates, and exerted considerable influence on a (...)
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  2. Marie Gaille & Géraldine Viot (2013). Prenatal Diagnosis as a Tool and Support for Eugenics: Myth or Reality in Contemporary French Society? [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (1):83-91.score: 78.0
    Today, French public debate and bioethics research reflect an ongoing controversy about eugenics. The field of reproductive medicine is often targeted as pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD), prenatal diagnosis, and prenatal detection are accused of drifting towards eugenics or being driven by eugenics considerations. This article aims at understanding why the charge against eugenics came at the forefront of the ethical debate. Above all, it aims at showing that the charge against prenatal diagnosis is groundless. The point (...)
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  3. Denis Alexander & Ronald L. Numbers (eds.) (2010). Biology and Ideology From Descartes to Dawkins. The University of Chicago Press.score: 60.0
  4. Richard Weikart (2009). Hitler's Ethic: The Nazi Pursuit of Evolutionary Progress. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 54.0
    In this book, Weikart helps unlock the mystery of Hitler’s evil by vividly demonstrating the surprising conclusion that Hitler’s immorality flowed from a coherent ethic. Hitler was inspired by evolutionary ethics to pursue the utopian project of biologically improving the human race. This ethic underlay or influenced almost every major feature of Nazi policy: eugenics (i.e., measures to improve human heredity, including compulsory sterilization), euthanasia, racism, population expansion, offensive warfare, and racial extermination.
     
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  5. Mark B. Adams (2000). Last Judgment: The Visionary Biology of J. B. S. Haldane. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 33 (3):457 - 491.score: 48.0
    This paper seeks to reinterpret the life and work of J. B. S. Haldane by focusing on an illuminating but largely ignored essay he published in 1927, "The Last Judgment" -- the sequel to his better known work, "Daedalus" (1924). This astonishing essay expresses a vision of the human future over the next 40,000,000 years, one that revises and updates Wellsian futurism with the long range implications of the "new biology" for human destiny. That vision served as a kind of (...)
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  6. Bruce R. Dain (2002). A Hideous Monster of the Mind: American Race Theory in the Early Republic. Harvard University Press.score: 48.0
    A Hideous Monster of the Mind reveals that ideas on race crossed racial boundaries in a process that produced not only well-known theories of biological racism ...
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  7. Glenn McGee (2000). The Perfect Baby: Parenthood in the New World of Cloning and Genetics. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.score: 48.0
     
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  8. A. E. Samaan (2013). From a "Race of Masters" to a "Master Race": 1948 to 1848 / Written by A.E Samaan. Createspace.score: 48.0
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  9. Paul Diane, James Lennox & Jim Tabery, Session 1: Eugenics Narrative and Reproductive Engineering.score: 42.0
    Proceedings of the Pittsburgh Workshop in History and Philosophy of Biology, Center for Philosophy of Science, University of Pittsburgh, March 23-24 2001 Session 1: Eugenics Narrative and Reproductive Engineering.
     
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  10. Eva M. Neumann-Held (2001). Can It Be a 'Sin' to Understand Disease? On 'Genes' and 'Eugenics' and an 'Unconnected Connection'. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 4 (1):5 - 17.score: 42.0
    Particularly, but not exclusively, in Germany, concerns are uttered as to the consequences of modern biotechnological advances and their range of applications in the field of human genetics. Whereas the proponents of this research are mainly focussing on the possible knowledge that could be gained by understanding the causes of developmental processes and of disease on the molecular level, the critics fear the beginnings of a new eugenics movement. Without claiming a logical relationship between genetic sciences and eugenics (...)
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  11. Michael J. Selgelid (forthcoming). Moderate Eugenics and Human Enhancement. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy:1-10.score: 42.0
    Though the reputation of eugenics has been tarnished by history, eugenics per se is not necessarily a bad thing. Many advocate a liberal new eugenics—where individuals are free to choose whether or not to employ genetic technologies for reproductive purposes. Though genetic interventions aimed at the prevention of severe genetic disorders may be morally and socially acceptable, reproductive liberty in the context of enhancement may conflict with equality. Enhancement could also have adverse effects on utility. The enhancement (...)
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  12. Philippe Gagnon (2012). The Problem of Trans-Humanism in the Light of Philosophy and Theology. In James B. Stump & Alan G. Padgett (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Science and Christianity, pp. 393-405. Blackwell. 393-405.score: 36.0
    Transhumanism is a means of advocating a re-engineering of conditions that surround human existence at both ends. The problem set before us in this chapter is to inquire into what determined its appearance, in particular in the humanism it seeks to overcome. We look at the spirit of overcoming itself, and the impatience with the Self, in order to try to understand why it seeks a saving power in technology. We then consider how the evolutionary account of the production of (...)
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  13. Michael Ruse (2012). The Philosophy of Human Evolution. Cambridge University Press.score: 36.0
    1. Evolutionary biology -- 2. Human evolution -- 3. Real science? Good science? -- 4. Progress -- 5. Knowledge -- 6. Morality -- 7. Sex, orientation, and race -- 8. From eugenics to medicine.
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  14. Robert Sparrow (2011). Liberalism and Eugenics. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 89 (3):499 - 517.score: 30.0
    ‘Liberal eugenics’ has emerged as the most popular position amongst philosophers writing in the contemporary debate about the ethics of human enhancement. This position has been most clearly articulated by Nicholas Agar, who argues that the ‘new’ liberal eugenics can avoid the repugnant consequences associated with eugenics in the past. Agar suggests that parents should be free to make only those interventions into the genetics of their children that will benefit them no matter what way of life (...)
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  15. C. J. (2001). Ideas of Heredity, Reproduction and Eugenics in Britain, 1800-1875. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 32 (3):457-489.score: 30.0
    In this paper I begin by arguing that there are significant intellectual and normative continuities between pre-Victorian hereditarianism and later Victorian eugenical ideologies. Notions of mental heredity and of the dangers of transmitting hereditary 'taints' were already serious concerns among medical practitioners and laymen in the early nineteenth century. I then show how the Victorian period witnessed an increasing tendency for these traditional concerns about hereditary transmission and the integrity of bloodlines to be projected onto the level of national health. (...)
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  16. Bernadette Baker (2003). Plato's Child and the Limit-Points of Educational Theories. Studies in Philosophy and Education 22 (6):439-474.score: 30.0
    This paper analyzes how the figure of the childhas been used to authorize a series ofboundaries that have constituted thelimit-points of educational theories orphilosophies. Limit-points are the conceptualboundaries that educational theories produce,move within, respond to, and make use ofbecause the perception is that they cannot beargued away or around at the time. A method ofcomparative historico-philosophy is used tocontrast limit-points in Platonic figurationsof the child and education with childcenteredand eugenic theories of the late nineteenth andtwentieth century West. The figuration (...)
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  17. Nils Roll-Hansen (1980). Eugenics Before World War II: The Case of Norway. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 2 (2):269 - 298.score: 30.0
    During the first half of the twentieth century there was a marked decline in biological conceptions of man and society. This paper describes the development of the views concerning eugenics held by the Norwegian scientific expertise, from open racism before World War I to a moderate nonracist eugenic program in the 1930's. It is claimed that public criticism of the popular eugenics movement by the experts came earlier in Norway than in most other countries, including the United States. (...)
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  18. George A. Reisch (ed.) (2007). Pink Floyd and Philosophy: Careful with That Axiom, Eugene! Open Court.score: 28.0
    "Essays critically examine philosophical concepts and problems in the music and lyrics of the band Pink Floyd"--Provided by publisher.
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  19. Lewis Eugene Rowell (1983). Thinking About Music: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Music. University of Massachusetts Press.score: 26.0
    Examines the nature of music and traces the history of music philosophy from ancient Greece to the twentieth century.
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  20. David Allan (2008). Eugene Heath (Ed.), Adam Ferguson: Selected Philosophical Writings, Library of Scottish Philosophy, Exeter and Charlottesville VA: Imprint Academic, 2007. Viii + 178 Pp, £14.95 Pb. ISBN 978-184540-0569. [REVIEW] Journal of Scottish Philosophy 6 (2):219-220.score: 26.0
  21. William L. Power (2001). Eugene Thomas Long, Twentieth-Century Western Philosophy of Religion 1900–2000. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 49 (2):123-126.score: 26.0
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  22. Gordon Graham (2010). Eugene Heath and Vincenzo Merolle (Eds), Adam Ferguson: Philosophy, Politics and Society, London: Pickering and Chatto, 2008. 256pp, $99 Hb. ISBN 9781851968657. [REVIEW] Journal of Scottish Philosophy 8 (2):221-225.score: 26.0
  23. Donald Wayne Viney (1997). Eugene Thomas Long (Ed.), God, Reason and Religions: New Essays in the Philosophy of Religion. [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 42 (3):187-189.score: 26.0
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  24. Eugene T. Gendlin (2007). Focusing Und Philosophie: Eugene T. Gendlin Über Die Praxis Körperbezogenen Philosophierens. Facultas.Wuv.score: 26.0
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  25. Eugene T. Gendlin (2007). Focusing Und Philosophie: Eugene T. Facultas.Wuv.score: 26.0
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  26. Jesse Prinz, Is Morality Innate?score: 24.0
    Thus declares Francis Hutcheson, expressing a view widespread during the Enlightenment, and throughout the history of philosophy. According to this tradition, we are by nature moral, and ourS concern for good and evil is as natural to us as our capacity to feel pleasure and pain. The link between morality and human nature has been a common theme since ancient times, and, with the rise of modern empirical moral psychology, it remains equally popular today. Evolutionary ethicists, ethologists, developmental psychologists, (...)
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  27. Allen Buchanan (2007). Institutions, Beliefs and Ethics: Eugenics as a Case Study. Journal of Political Philosophy 15 (1):22–45.score: 24.0
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  28. Alexander Etkind (2008). Beyond Eugenics: The Forgotten Scandal of Hybridizing Humans and Apes. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (2):205-210.score: 24.0
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  29. Véronique Mottier (2008). Eugenics, Politics and the State: Social Democracy and the Swiss 'Gardening State'. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (2):263-269.score: 24.0
  30. Edmund Ramsden (2008). Eugenics From the New Deal to the Great Society: Genetics, Demography and Population Quality. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (4):391-406.score: 24.0
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  31. Magdalena Gawin (2008). The Sex Reform Movement and Eugenics in Interwar Poland. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (2):181-186.score: 24.0
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  32. Richard Cleminson (2008). Eugenics Without the State: Anarchism in Catalonia, 1900–1937. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (2):232-239.score: 24.0
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  33. H. Lillehammer (2001). From Genes to Eugenics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 32 (4):589-600.score: 24.0
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  34. Martin Richards (2008). Artificial Insemination and Eugenics: Celibate Motherhood, Eutelegenesis and Germinal Choice. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (2):211-221.score: 24.0
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  35. John C. Waller (2001). Ideas of Heredity, Reproduction and Eugenics in Britain, 1800–1875. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 32 (3):457-489.score: 24.0
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  36. Hans Kalmus (1987). Statistics — a Child of Eugenics? Biology and Philosophy 2 (1):107-115.score: 24.0
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  37. Lesley A. Hall (2008). Eugenics, Sex and the State: Some Introductory Remarks. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (2):177-180.score: 24.0
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  38. Alison Sinclair (2008). Social Imaginaries: The Literature of Eugenics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (2):240-246.score: 24.0
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  39. Martin Brüne (2007). On Human Self-Domestication, Psychiatry, and Eugenics. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 2 (1):21.score: 24.0
    The hypothesis that anatomically modern homo sapiens could have undergone changes akin to those observed in domesticated animals has been contemplated in the biological sciences for at least 150 years. The idea had already plagued philosophers such as Rousseau, who considered the civilisation of man as going against human nature, and eventually.
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  40. Richard Overy (2008). Eugenics, Sex and the State: An Afterword. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (2):270-272.score: 24.0
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  41. Garland E. Allen (1983). The Misuse of Biological Hierarchies: The American Eugenics Movement, 1900-1940. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 5 (2):105 - 128.score: 24.0
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  42. James Moore (2007). R. A. Fisher: A Faith Fit for Eugenics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 38 (1):110-135.score: 24.0
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  43. Natalia Gerodetti (2008). Rational Subjects, Marriage Counselling and the Conundrums of Eugenics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (2):255-262.score: 24.0
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  44. Belén Jiménez-Alonso (2008). Eugenics, Sexual Pedagogy and Social Change: Constructing the Responsible Subject of Governmentality in the Spanish Second Republic. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (2):247-254.score: 24.0
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  45. Pierre Bellemare (1984). La philosophie du coeur de Grégoire Skovoroda Antoine Eugène Kaluzny Montréal: Fides, 1983. 128 p. $7.95. [REVIEW] Dialogue 23 (03):525-527.score: 24.0
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  46. R. F. Chadwick (1993). What Counts as Success in Genetic Counselling? Journal of Medical Ethics 19 (1):43-49.score: 24.0
    The question of what counts as a successful outcome of the process of genetics counselling has recently become central because of the increasing calls for efficiency in health care, and for means of measuring efficiency. Angus Clarke has drawn attention to this trend, and has argued against both a measure in terms of the number of terminations of pregnancy performed as a result of counselling, and an assessment in terms of the contribution of genetics counselling to a national eugenics (...)
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  47. T. Chapman (1972). Basic Issues in the Philosophy of Time, Edited by Eugene Freeman and Wilfrid Sellars, LaSalle, Illinois: Open Court, 1971. Pp. Vii, 241, $7.95. [REVIEW] Dialogue 11 (04):657-659.score: 24.0
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  48. Ladelle McWhorter (2010). Racism, Eugenics, and Ernst Mayr's Account of Species. Philosophy Today 54 (Supplement):200-207.score: 24.0
  49. Bert Theunissen (2014). Practical Animal Breeding as the Key to an Integrated View of Genetics, Eugenics and Evolutionary Theory: Arend L. Hagedoorn (1885–1953). [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 46:55-64.score: 24.0
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