Search results for 'Eva Álvarez' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Humberto Giannini, Juan José Fuentes, Eva Hamamé, Isabel Álvarez & Nicole Gardella (2008). Experiencia moral Y acción comunicativa. Revista de filosofía (Chile) 64:5-15.
    La comunicación está referida a la categoría de la acción, pero no dirigida inmediatamente al mundo, sino a promover algún tipo de respuesta en otro sujeto. Y es este campo limitado -dominio de la interacción humana- el objeto propio de la ética. Communication refers to the category of action, but it is not directed to the world immediately. Instead, it is oriented to elicit a certain type of answer from somebody else. This constrained field -domain of the human interaction- is (...)
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  2. Eva Álvarez, Roger Bosch & Lorena Villamil (eds.) (2003). Volume of Abstracts: 12th International Congress of Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science, Oviedo, August 7-13, 2003. [REVIEW] Departamento de Filosofía, Universidad de Oviedo.
     
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  3. Horacio Redondo, Gregorio Vilá & Carlos Alvarez (1995). Pequeño Chacho Ilustrado. Editorial Cinco Continentes.
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  4.  51
    Maria Alvarez (2010). Kinds of Reasons: An Essay in the Philosophy of Action. OUP Oxford.
    Understanding human beings and their distinctive rational and volitional capacities requires a clear account of such things as reasons, desires, emotions, and motives, and how they combine to produce and explain human behaviour. Maria Alvarez presents a fresh and incisive study of these concepts, centred on reasons and their role in human agency.
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  5.  89
    Maria Alvarez (2010). Kinds of Reasons: An Essay in the Philosophy of Action. Oxford University Press.
    Understanding human beings and their distinctive rational and volitional capacities is one of the central tasks of philosophy. The task requires a clear account of such things as reasons, desires, emotions and motives, and of how they combine to produce and explain human behaviour. In Kinds of Reasons, Maria Alvarez offers a fresh and incisive treatment of these issues, focusing in particular on reasons as they feature in contexts of agency. Her account builds on some important recent work in the (...)
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  6.  3
    Maria Alvarez (2013). Kinds of Reasons: An Essay in the Philosophy of Action. Oxford University Press Uk.
    Understanding human beings and their distinctive rational and volitional capacities is one of the central tasks of philosophy. The task requires a clear account of such things as reasons, desires, emotions and motives, and of how they combine to produce and explain human behaviour. In Kinds of Reasons, Maria Alvarez offers a fresh and incisive treatment of these issues, focusing in particular on reasons as they feature in contexts of agency. Her account builds on some important recent work in the (...)
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  7. Schaper Eva (1968). Prelude to Aesthetics. Routledge.
    First published in 1968. Aesthetics is a living debate of issues concerning the concepts involved in speaking about the arts and the appreciation and creation of art works. But contemporary aesthetics is seriously impoverished if it forgets to take issue or come to terms with its own past. Discovering how problems first arose, and tracing their subsequent careers, can suggest perspectives for contemporary analysis in aesthetics. This book by Eva Schaper examines the views of Plato and Aristotle at the very (...)
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  8. Maria Alvarez (2009). Actions, Thought-Experiments and the 'Principle of Alternate Possibilities'. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (1):61 – 81.
    In 1969 Harry Frankfurt published his hugely influential paper 'Alternate Possibilities and Moral Responsibility' in which he claimed to present a counterexample to the so-called 'Principle of Alternate Possibilities' ('a person is morally responsible for what he has done only if he could have done otherwise'). The success of Frankfurt-style cases as counterexamples to the Principle has been much debated since. I present an objection to these cases that, in questioning their conceptual cogency, undercuts many of those debates. Such cases (...)
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  9. Maria Alvarez (2013). Agency and Two‐Way Powers. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 113 (1pt1):101-121.
    In this paper I propose a way of characterizing human agency in terms of the concept of a two-way power. I outline this conception of agency, defend it against some objections, and briefly indicate how it relates to free agency and to moral praise- and blameworthiness.
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  10. Maria Alvarez (2009). How Many Kinds of Reasons? Philosophical Explorations 12 (2):181 – 193.
    Reasons can play a variety of roles in a variety of contexts. For instance, reasons can motivate and guide us in our actions (and omissions), in the sense that we often act in the light of reasons. And reasons can be grounds for beliefs, desires and emotions and can be used to evaluate, and sometimes to justify, all these. In addition, reasons are used in explanations: both in explanations of human actions, beliefs, desires, emotions, etc., and in explanations of a (...)
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  11. Maria Alvarez & John Hyman (1998). Agents and Their Actions. Philosophy 73 (2):219-245.
    In the past thirty years or so, the doctrine that actions are events has become an essential, and sometimes unargued, part of the received view in the philosophy of action, despite the efforts of a few philosophers to undermine the consensus. For example, the entry for Agency in a recently published reference guide to the philosophy of mind begins with the following sentence: A central task in the philosophy of action is that of spelling out the differences between events in (...)
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  12. Maria Alvarez (2009). Acting Intentionally and Acting for a Reason. Inquiry 52 (3):293-305.
    This paper explores the question whether whatever is done intentionally is done for a reason. Apart from helping us to think about those concepts, the question is interesting because it affords an opportunity to identify a number of misconceptions about reasons. In the paper I argue that there are things that are done intentionally but not done for a reason. I examine two different kinds of example: things done “because one wants to” and “purely expressive actions”. Concerning the first, I (...)
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  13. Maria Alvarez (2010). Reasons for Action and Practical Reasoning. Ratio 23 (4):355-373.
    This paper seeks a better understanding of the elements of practical reasoning: premises and conclusion. It argues that the premises of practical reasoning do not normally include statements such as ‘I want to ϕ’; that the reasoning in practical reasoning is the same as in theoretical reasoning and that what makes it practical is, first, that the point of the relevant reasoning is given by the goal that the reasoner seeks to realize by means of that reasoning and the subsequent (...)
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  14. Maria Alvarez (2008). Reasons and the Ambiguity of 'Belief'. Philosophical Explorations 11 (1):53 – 65.
    Two conceptions of motivating reasons, i.e. the reasons for which we act, can be found in the literature: (1) the dominant 'psychological conception', which says that motivating reasons are an agent's believing something; and (2) the 'non-psychological' conception, the minority view, which says that they are what the agent believes, i.e. his beliefs. In this paper I outline a version of the minority view, and defend it against what have been thought to be insuperable difficulties - in particular, difficulties concerning (...)
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  15.  87
    Fabián H. Gaioli & Edgardo T. Garcia Alvarez (1998). Classical and Quantum Theories of Spin. Foundations of Physics 28 (10):1539-1550.
    A great effort has been devoted to formulating a classical relativistic theory of spin compatible with quantum relativistic wave equations. The main difficulty in connecting classical and quantum theories rests in finding a parameter that plays the role of proper time at a purely quantum level. We present a partial review of several proposals of classical and quantum spin theories from the pioneering works of Thomas and Frenkel, revisited in the classical BMT work, to the semiclassical model of Barut and (...)
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  16.  96
    Maria Alvarez (2005). Agents, Actions and Reasons. Philosophical Books 46 (1):45-58.
  17.  36
    Maria Alvarez (2009). Reasons, Desires and Intentional Actions. In Constantine Sandis (ed.), New Essays on the Explanation of Action. Palgrave Macmillan
  18. Maria Alvarez & Aaron Ridley (2007). The Concept of Moral Obligation: Anscombe Contra Korsgaard. Philosophy 82 (4):543-552.
    A number of recent writers have expressed scepticism about the viability of a specifically moral concept of obligation, and some of the considerations offered have been interesting and persuasive. This is a scepticism that has its roots in Nietzsche, even if he is mentioned only rather rarely in the debate. More proximately, the scepticism in question receives seminal expression in Elizabeth Anscombe's 1958 essay, ‘Modern Moral Philosophy’, a piece that is often paid lip-service to, but—like Nietzsche's work—has only rarely been (...)
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  19.  74
    M. Alvarez (2012). Action, Ethics, and Responsibility * Edited by Joseph Keim Campbell, Michael O'Rourke and Harry S. Silverstein * Causing Human Actions: New Perspectives on the Causal Theory of Action * Edited by Jesus H. Aguilar and Andrei A. Buckareff. [REVIEW] Analysis 72 (1):190-193.
  20.  5
    Allen Andrew A. Alvarez (2001). How Rational Should Bioethics Be? The Value of Empirical Approaches. Bioethics 15 (5-6):501-519.
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  21. Maria Alvarez & Aaron Ridley (2005). Nietzsche on Language: Before and After Wittgenstein. Philosophical Topics 33 (2):1-17.
  22.  14
    Salvador Pérez Álvarez (2009). Las tradiciones ideológicas islámicas ante el repudio. Su eficacia civil en el derecho del estado español. 'Ilu. Revista de Ciencias de Las Religiones 13:183-223.
    Sharia is a religious legal system that is based on the divine mandates revealed in the Quram and the Sunna as has been interpreted bu the main Islamic Schools of Law, both Sunni and Shiita. In orden to understand what is at stake, distinctions between the main Islamic traditions in this ground was one of the factors that have led to an imprecise use of terminology of the Quram which refers to the Islamic divorce, that is: the Talaq. Its confusion (...)
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  23.  70
    Maria Alvarez (1999). Actions and Events: Some Semantical Considerations. Ratio 12 (3):213–239.
  24.  37
    Maria Alvarez (1994). Radical Interpretation and Semantic Nihilism: Reply to Glock. Philosophical Quarterly 44 (176):354-360.
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  25.  43
    M. Alvarez (2009). Slaves of the Passions * by Mark Schroeder. Analysis 69 (3):574-576.
    Like much in this book, the title and dust jacket illustration are clever. The first evokes Hume's remark in the Treatise that ‘Reason is, and ought only to be the slave of the passions.’ The second, which represents a cross between a dance-step and a clinch, links up with the title and anticipates an example used throughout the book to support its central claims: that Ronnie, unlike Bradley, has a reason to go to a party – namely, that there will (...)
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  26.  18
    Edgardo T. Garcia Alvarez & Fabian H. Gaioli (1998). Feynman's Proper Time Approach to QED. Foundations of Physics 28 (10):1529-1538.
    The genesis of Feynman's original approach to QED is reviewed. The main ideas of his original presentation at the Pocono Conference are discussed and compared with the ones involved in his action-at-distance formulation of classical electrodynamics. The role of the de Sitter group in Feynman's visualization of space-time processes is emphasized.
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  27. Eva Álvarez Martino (2003). " Filosofía de la psicología", de Pedro Chacón Fuertes (ed.). Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 22 (1):116-119.
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  28.  46
    Allen Andrew A. Alvarez (2009). The Cross-Cultural Importance of Satisfying Vital Needs. Bioethics 23 (9):486-496.
    Ethical beliefs may vary across cultures but there are things that must be valued as preconditions to any cultural practice. Physical and mental abilities vital to believing, valuing and practising a culture are such preconditions and it is always important to protect them. If one is to practise a distinct culture, she must at least have these basic abilities. Access to basic healthcare is one way to ensure that vital abilities are protected. John Rawls argued that access to all-purpose primary (...)
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  29.  20
    Sebastián Alvarez (1998). La Causalidad Probabilista Y Las Dificultades Del Enfoque Humeano (Probabilistic Causality and the Difficulties of the Humean Approach). Theoria 13 (3):521-542.
    Comienzo este artículo mostrando que las teorías neohumeanas de la causalidad probabilista basadas en la noción de relevancia estadlstica (como la teoria de Suppes, 1970) se encuentran con múltiples e insuperables dificultades. Luego analizo brevemente algunas versiones de la causalidad probabilista que relativizan o prescinden de dicha noción: la de Cartwright, que postula la existencia de capacidades causales, y las de Salmon y Dowe, quienes, aunque se proponen no abandonar el suelo humeano, creen necesario introducir una ontología de propensiones. Y (...)
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  30.  32
    José M. García-Montes, Marino Pérez Álvarez, Louis A. Sass & Adolfo J. Cangas (2009). The Role of Superstition in Psychopathology. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 15 (3):227-237.
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  31. Mariangel Alvarez (2013). Ana María Fernández (2008) Las lógicas colectivas. Imaginarios, cuerpos y multiplicidades Buenos Aires, Editorial Biblos, Colección Sin Fronteras, Segunda edición. 311 p.p. [REVIEW] Apuntes Filosóficos 22 (42).
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  32.  10
    Teresa A. Álvarez (1992). Hallazgos filosóficos. Theoria 7 (1/2/3):1232-1236.
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  33.  10
    Pablo López Alvarez (1996). Identidad y conciencia. Consideraciones en torno a la Dialéctica negativa de Adorno. [REVIEW] Logos 30:185-204.
    The main goal of this article is to present Negative Dialectics as a central theme in the Adorno’s thought. In this work Adorno develops the antinomies that there are in the concept of instrumental reason, in order to assert the necessity for a new notion of rationality: a dialectical, negative and materialistic reason, which holds, at the same time, the non identity between subject-object, thought and reality. In this way Philosophy becomes critique of Idealism because this philosophical system defends the (...)
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  34.  28
    Silvina Alvarez (2011). Constitutional Conflicts, Moral Dilemmas, and Legal Solutions. Ratio Juris 24 (1):59-74.
    The article focuses on the definition of constitutional conflicts as moral dilemmas. It discusses the conception of tragic conflicts by which “loss” is a distinctive feature that identifies both moral and constitutional dilemmas. It also asserts the peculiarity of constitutional conflicts vis-à-vis moral dilemmas, as well as the possibility of legal solutions to constitutional conflicts.
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  35.  35
    Santiago Alvarez, Joaquim Sales & Miquel Seco (2008). On Books and Chemical Elements. Foundations of Chemistry 10 (2):79-100.
    The history of the classification of chemical elements is reviewed from the point of view of a bibliophile. The influence that relevant books had on the development of the periodic table and, conversely, how it was incorporated into textbooks, treatises and literary works, with an emphasis on the Spanish bibliography are analyzed in this paper. The reader will also find unexpected connections of the periodic table with the Bible or the architect Buckminster Fuller.
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  36.  9
    Lázaro Peña Castellanos & Jose Alvarez (1996). The Transformation of the State Extensive Growth Model in Cuba's Sugarcane Agriculture. Agriculture and Human Values 13 (1):59-68.
    The high levels of land use, inputs, and investment, along with the specific forms of organization and management that characterized Cuba's state extensive growth model during the 1980s, could not overcome the challenges posed by the integrated care required by the sugarcane crop and corresponding industrial activities. Starting in 1993, large state farms have been converted into Basic Units of Cooperative Production with some degree of autonomy. Although first-year production results are not satisfactory, it is too early to evaluate their (...)
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  37.  35
    Javier Echeverría & José Francisco Álvarez (2008). Bounded Rationality in Social Sciences. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 96 (1):173-189.
    Empirical research on Rational Choice Theory has brought up two focus of the economics laws problem. On one hand, we find the authors who state that the neoclassical economics laws are explanatory and predictive on specific cases: in transparent contexts in which the standard rationality operates successfully. On the other hand, we find the authors who state that the descriptive theories of the rational choice opens up a research path in which fundamental principles of the neoclassical building could be questioned. (...)
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  38.  24
    John Paley & Gail Eva (2005). Narrative Vigilance: The Analysis of Stories in Health Care. Nursing Philosophy 6 (2):83-97.
    The idea of narrative has been widely discussed in the recent health care literature, including nursing, and has been portrayed as a resource for both clinical work and research studies. However, the use of the term 'narrative' is inconsistent, and various assumptions are made about the nature (and functions) of narrative: narrative as a naive account of events; narrative as the source of 'subjective truth'; narrative as intrinsically fictional; and narrative as a mode of explanation. All these assumptions have left (...)
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  39.  32
    Sally M. Alvarez (2000). The Global Economy and Kathie Lee: Public Relations and Media. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 15 (2):77 – 88.
    In a congressional hearing in the spring of 1996, talk show host Kathie Lee Gifford was charged with endorsing clothing made in Honduran sweatshops by exploited children. Resulting media coverage focused public attention on a seamy underside of the "global economy." Redemption strategies used by Gifford and her public relations consultant, and repeated and promoted through the mass media, fed a larger controversy over the meaning of the concept of the global economy and its ethical implications for the American public.
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  40.  10
    Carlos Álvarez (1987). Sobre Las Posibilidades de Una Equivalencia Para El Fundamento de la Aritmética. Theoria 2 (2):345-364.
    Our aim in this paper is to analyse the possibilities of a logical or epistemological equivalence between the projets of R. Dedekind and G. Frege for the foundations of arithmetic. It is well know that both of them have a “logicist” point of vew. But we think that even if some coincidences exist in the wa y they define the main concepts of arithmetic, some important differences remain.
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  41.  13
    Marco Antonio Santamaría Álvarez (2012). Orfeo y el orfismo. Actualización bibliográfica (2004-2012). [REVIEW] 'Ilu. Revista de Ciencias de Las Religiones 17:211-252.
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  42.  30
    Maria Alvarez (2008). I: The Meaning of the First Person Term – Maximilian de Gaynesford. Philosophical Quarterly 58 (231):372–374.
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  43.  23
    Maria Alvarez (2006). Mind, Morality, and Explanation - By Frank Jackson, Philip Pettit and Michael Smith. Philosophical Books 47 (4):362-366.
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  44.  29
    Daniel R. Alvarez (2005). Rupp in Perspective: An Examination of Two Topics In. Philosophy East and West 55 (2).
    : George Rupp's Beyond Existentialism and Zen, in its typological-structural analysis and model of religious pluralism, proffers an alternative to the dominant Kantian models (e.g., by John Hicks and Sarvepalli Radhakrish nan). The question for Rupp is not which religion is true and how to decide that issue—answered in the Kantian approach in terms of an unknowable Ding an sich that all religions, albeit imperfectly, try to approximate or conceptualize (i.e., God or the Transcendent)—but rather how do religions represent, at (...)
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  45. Guadalupe Alvarez (2011). La argumentación oral en las interacciones comunicativas didácticas. Oralia 14:451 - 473.
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  46.  15
    Enrique Alvarez & Manuel Correia (2012). Syllogistic with Indefinite Terms. History and Philosophy of Logic 33 (4):297-306.
    This paper presents a restructured set of axioms for categorical logic. In virtue of it, the syllogistic with indefinite terms is deduced and proved, within the categorical logic boundaries. As a result, the number of all the conclusive syllogisms is deduced through a simple and axiomatic methodology. Moreover, the distinction between immediate and mediate inferences disappears, which reinstitutes the unity of Aristotelian logic.
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  47.  25
    Allen Andrew A. Alvarez (2007). Threshold Considerations in Fair Allocation of Health Resources: Justice Beyond Scarcity. Bioethics 21 (8):426–438.
  48.  6
    David Alvarez, Axel Gosseries, Martin Marchman Andersen, Lasse Nielsen, David V. Axelsen, Daniel Weinstock & Shlomi Segall (2012). Symposium & Debate. Ethical Perspectives 19 (2):277-334.
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  49.  19
    Daniel R. Alvarez (2005). Rupp in Perspective: An Examination of Two Topics in Beyond "Existentialism and Zen". Philosophy East and West 55 (2):153 - 178.
    George Rupp's Beyond Existentialism and Zen, in its typological-structural analysis and model of religious pluralism, proffers an alternative to the dominant Kantian models (e.g., by John Hicks and Sarvepalli Radhakrish- nan). The question for Rupp is not which religion is true and how to decide that issue-answered in the Kantian approach in terms of an unknowable Ding an sich that all religions, albeit imperfectly, try to approximate or conceptualize (i.e., God or the Transcendent)-but rather how do religions represent, at least (...)
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  50. Lizel Tornay & Victoria Alvarez (2012). Tomar la Palabra: Memoria y Violencia de Género Durante El Terrorismo de Estado. Aletheia 2 (4):15 - 14.
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