Search results for 'Eva Richter' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Sort by:
  1. Richard Booth & Eva Richter (2005). On Revising Fuzzy Belief Bases. Studia Logica 80 (1):29 - 61.score: 240.0
    We look at the problem of revising fuzzy belief bases, i.e., belief base revision in which both formulas in the base as well as revision-input formulas can come attached with varying degrees. Working within a very general framework for fuzzy logic which is able to capture certain types of uncertainty calculi as well as truth-functional fuzzy logics, we show how the idea of rational change from “crisp” base revision, as embodied by the idea of partial meet (base) revision, can be (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Wayne Richter (1975). Review: N. V. Belyakin, A Variation of Richter's Construction of Ordinals. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 40 (4):626-626.score: 180.0
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Reed Richter, American Science and its Anti-Evolutionist Critics: It's the Evidence Stupid.score: 30.0
    This is an unpublished talk written for a meeting of French philosophers. The paper describes the evolution versus creationism/intelligent design controversy in the U.S. A number of philosophers and scientists try to resolve this issue by sharply distinguishing the realm of science versus any talk of the supernatural. These pro-evolutionists often appeal to science's essential commitment to "methodological naturalism," the view that scientific methodology is essentially committed to naturalism and cannot meaningfully entertain hypotheses concerning the supernatural. I criticize methodological naturalism, (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Reed Richter, DNA, Masterpieces, and Abortion: Shifting the Grounds of the Debate.score: 30.0
    Writers, philosophers, and theologians have oft made the comparison between being a mature human being and a masterpiece work of art or design. Employing the analogy between the creation of artistic value and the creation of full-fledged human value, this paper stakes out a middle ground between pro-choice and pro-life by considering a more general account of value and the relationship between being a potential X and a mature implementation of X's potential. I argue that the value of a potential (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Diego Frustaglia & Klaus Richter (2001). Ballistic Quantum Transport: Effect of Geometrical Phases. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 31 (2):399-421.score: 30.0
    We study the influence of nonuniform magnetic fields on the magneto conductance of mesoscopic microstructures. We show that the coupling of the electron spin to the inhomogenous field gives rise to effects of the Berry phase on ballistic quantum transport and discuss adiabaticity conditions required to observe such effects. We present numerical results for different ring geometries showing a splitting of Aharonov–Bohm conductance peaks for single rings and corresponding signatures of the geometrical phase in weak localization. The latter features can (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Duncan Richter, Wittgenstein's Ethics in the Koder Diaries.score: 30.0
    The subject of this paper is not Wittgensteinian ethics but Wittgenstein’s own ethical beliefs, specifically as these are revealed in the so-called Koder diaries. While the Koder Diaries, also known as Manuscript 183, do contain the kind of thing that one would expect to find in a diary (e.g. accounts of travel and personal relationships), they also contain more obviously philosophical remarks, sometimes as reflections on these personal remarks. Wittgenstein’s diaries illustrate well a point that Iris Murdoch has emphasized, that (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Daniel Hunter & Reed Richter (1978). Counterfactuals and Newcomb's Paradox. Synthese 39 (2):249 - 261.score: 30.0
    In their development of causal decision theory, Allan Gibbard and William Harper advocate a particular method for calculating the expected utility of an action, a method based upon the probabilities of certain counterfactuals. Gibbard and Harper then employ their method to support a two-box solution to Newcomb’s paradox. This paper argues against some of Gibbard and Harper’s key claims concerning the truth-values and probabilities of counterfactuals involved in expected utility calculations, thereby disputing their analysis of Newcomb’s Paradox. If we are (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Guido Palazzo & Ulf Richter (2005). CSR Business as Usual? The Case of the Tobacco Industry. Journal of Business Ethics 61 (4):387 - 401.score: 30.0
    Tobacco companies have started to position themselves as good corporate citizens. The effort towards CSR engagement in the tobacco industry is not only heavily criticized by anti-tobacco NGOs. Some opponents such as the the World Health Organization have even categorically questioned the possibility of social responsibility in the tobacco industry. The paper will demonstrate that the deep distrust towards tobacco companies is linked to the lethal character of their products and the dubious behavior of their representatives in recent decades. As (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Duncan Richter (2001). Wittgensteinian Foundationalism. Erkenntnis 55 (3):349–358.score: 30.0
    The idea that there is such a thing as Wittgensteinian foundationalism is a provocative one for two reasons. For one thing, Wittgenstein is widely regarded as an anti-foundationalist. For another, the very word `foundationalism' sounds like the name of a theory, and Wittgenstein famously opposed the advancing of theories and theses in philosophy. Nonetheless, in his book Moore and Wittgenstein on Certainty, Avrum Stroll has argued that Wittgenstein does indeed develop a foundationalist view in his final work, On Certainty. On (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Duncan Richter (1998). Is Abortion Vicious? Journal of Value Inquiry 32 (3):381-392.score: 30.0
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Duncan Richter (2001). Missing the Entire Point: Wittgenstein and Religion. Religious Studies 37 (2):161-175.score: 30.0
    In this paper I contrast some widespread ideas about what Wittgenstein said about religious belief with statements Wittgenstein made about his purposes and method in doing philosophy, in order to argue that he did not hold the views commonly attributed to him. These allegedly Wittgensteinian doctrines in fact essentialize religion in a very un-Wittgensteinian way. A truly Wittgensteinian philosophy of religion can only be a personal process, and there can be no part in it for generalized hypotheses or conclusions about (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Reed Richter (1984). Rationality Revisited. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 62 (4):392 – 403.score: 30.0
    This paper looks at a dispute decision theory about how best to characterize expected utility maximization and express the logic of rational choice. Where A1, … , An are actions open to some particular agent, and S1, … , Sn are mutually exclusive states of the world such that the agent knows at least one of which obtains, does the logic of rational choice require an agent to consider the conditional probability of choice Ai given that some state Si obtains, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Melvin Richter (2003). Towards a Lexicon of European Political and Legal Concepts: A Comparison of Begriffsgeschichte and the 'Cambridge School'. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 6 (2):91-120.score: 30.0
    The first step in planning a lexicon of European political and legal concepts is to decide upon how it is to be organised. Among the principal alternatives are the formats of three German reference works on the history of concepts (Begriffsgeschichte) and the methods associated with John Pocock and Quentin Skinner. Although these German and Anglophone styles are often regarded as incompatible, on closer inspection, they turn out to be in many respects complementary, as Skinner has recently acknowledged. What would (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Reed Richter (1990). Ideal Rationality and Hand Waving. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 68 (2):147 – 156.score: 30.0
    In discussions surrounding epistemology and rationality, it is often useful to assume an agent is rational or ideally rational. Often, this ideal rationality assumption is spelled out along the following lines: -/- 1. The agent believes everything about a situation which the evidence entitles her to believe and nothing which it does not. -/- 2. The agent believes all the logical consequences of any of her beliefs. -/- 3. The agent knows her own mind: if she believes P, she believes (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Melvin Richter & Michaela Richter (2006). Introduction: Translation of Reinhart Koselleck's "Krise," in Geschichtliche Grundbegriffe. Journal of the History of Ideas 67 (2):343-356.score: 30.0
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Duncan Richter (2008). Wittgenstein's ‘Tractatus’: An Introduction, by Alfred Nordmann. European Journal of Philosophy 16 (1):148–152.score: 30.0
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Duncan Richter (2009). Applying Wittgenstein – by Rupert Read. Philosophical Investigations 32 (1):91-95.score: 30.0
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Dirk Richter (1999). Chronic Mental Illness and the Limits of the Biopsychosocial Model. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 2 (1):21-30.score: 30.0
    Twenty years ago, the biopsychosocial model was proposed by George Engel to be the new paradigm for medicine and psychiatry. The model assumed a hierarchical structure of the biological, psychological and social system and simple interactions between the participating systems. This article holds the thesis that the original biopsychosocial model cannot depict psychiatry's reality and problems. The clinical validity of the biopsychosocial model has to be questioned. It is argued that psychiatric interventions can only stimulate but not determine their target (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Hedfors Eva (2007). Medical Ethics in the Wake of the Holocaust: Departing From a Postwar Paper by Ludwik Fleck. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C.score: 30.0
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Duncan Richter (2002). Whose Ethics? Which Wittgenstein? Philosophical Papers 31 (3):323-342.score: 30.0
    The relevance of Wittgenstein for ethics depends on which Wittgenstein we mean. I argue that we should distinguish not only between Wittgenstein's personal opinions and his philosophy, but also, within his philosophical work, between broadly methodological remarks and what Wittgenstein might call genuinely philosophical remarks (which are not about philosophy but try to bring clarity to the mind bewitched by language). Wittgenstein's personal opinions will be considered irrelevant by most philosophers (although I try to show that they are not as (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Reinhart Koselleck & Michaela Richter (2006). Crisis. Journal of the History of Ideas 67 (2):357-400.score: 30.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Ulf Henning Richter (2011). Drivers of Change: A Multiple-Case Study on the Process of Institutionalization of Corporate Responsibility Among Three Multinational Companies. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 102 (2):261-279.score: 30.0
    In this multiple-case study, I analyze the perceived importance of seven categories of institutional entrepreneurs (DiMaggio, Institutional patterns and organizations, Ballinger, Cambridge, MA, 1988 ) for the corporate social responsibility discourse of three multinational companies. With this study, I aim to significantly advance the empirical analysis of the CSR discourse for a better understanding of facts and fiction in the process of institutionalization of CSR in MNCs. I conducted 42 semi-structured face-to-face and phone interviews in two rounds with 30 corporate (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Duncan Richter (1999). Virtue Without Theory. Journal of Value Inquiry 33 (3):353-369.score: 30.0
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Duncan Richter (1995). The Incoherence of the Moral 'Ought'. Philosophy 70 (271):69 - 85.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Melvin Richter (1986). Conceptual History (Begriffsgeschichte) and Political Theory. Political Theory 14 (4):604-637.score: 30.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Benjamin E. Hilbig & Tobias Richter (2011). Homo Heuristicus Outnumbered: Comment on Gigerenzer and Brighton (2009). Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (1):187-196.score: 30.0
    Gigerenzer and Brighton (2009) have argued for a “Homo heuristicus” view of judgment and decision making, claiming that there is evidence for a majority of individuals using fast and frugal heuristics. In this vein, they criticize previous studies that tested the descriptive adequacy of some of these heuristics. In addition, they provide a reanalysis of experimental data on the recognition heuristic that allegedly supports Gigerenzer and Brighton’s view of pervasive reliance on heuristics. However, their arguments and reanalyses are both conceptually (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Gerhard Richter (ed.) (2002). Benjamin's Ghosts: Interventions in Contemporary Literary and Cultural Theory. Stanford University Press.score: 30.0
    Although Walter Benjamin's writings are considered to be among the most powerful theoretical enterprises of the twentieth century, his ideas are resistant to cooptation by the doctrines of various critical programs. These essays engage this resistance by examining the ghostly in Benjamin's work. The contributors show that the haunting truths Benjamin offers point towards new forms of responsibility. These truths reside in a figurative elsewhere, a ghostly space that his texts delimit but never fully inhabit, and these essays seek to (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Gerd Richter & Matthew D. Bacchetta (1998). Interventions in the Human Genome: Some Moral and Ethical Considerations. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 23 (3):303 – 317.score: 30.0
    In the debate regarding the different possibilities for gene therapy, it is presupposed that the manipulations are limited to the nuclear genome (nDNA). Given recent advances in genetics, mitochondrial genome (mtDNA) and diseases must be considered as well. In this paper, we propose a three dimensional framework for the ethical debate of gene therapy where we add the genomic type (nDNA vs. mtDNA) as a third dimension to be considered beside the paradigmatic dimensions of target cell (somatic vs. germ-line) and (...)
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. A. Richter (2001). Test of Trace Formulas for Spectra of Superconducting Microwave Billiards. Foundations of Physics 31 (2):327-354.score: 30.0
    Experimental tests of various trace formulas, which in general relate the density of states for a given quantum mechanical system to the properties of the periodic orbits of its classical counterpart, for spectra of superconducting microwave billiards of varying chaoticity are reviewed by way of examples. For a two-dimensional Bunimovich stadium billiard the application of Gutzwiller's trace formula is shown to yield correctly locations and strengths of the peaks in the Fourier transformed quantum spectrum in terms of the shortest unstable (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. John Paley & Gail Eva (2005). Narrative Vigilance: The Analysis of Stories in Health Care. Nursing Philosophy 6 (2):83-97.score: 30.0
    The idea of narrative has been widely discussed in the recent health care literature, including nursing, and has been portrayed as a resource for both clinical work and research studies. However, the use of the term 'narrative' is inconsistent, and various assumptions are made about the nature (and functions) of narrative: narrative as a naive account of events; narrative as the source of 'subjective truth'; narrative as intrinsically fictional; and narrative as a mode of explanation. All these assumptions have left (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Reed Richter (1985). Rationality, Group Choice and Expected Utility. Synthese 63 (2):203 - 232.score: 30.0
    This paper proposes a view uniformly extending expected utility calculations to both individual and group choice contexts. Three related cases illustrate the problems inherent in applying expected utility to group choices. However, these problems do not essentially depend upon the tact that more than one agent is involved. I devise a modified strategy allowing the application of expected utility calculations to these otherwise problematic cases. One case, however, apparently leads to contradiction. But recognizing the falsity of proposition (1) below allows (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Julia de Kadt, Tawanda Makusha & Linda Richter (2010). The Moral Tensions of HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of Moral Education 39 (3):393-401.score: 30.0
  33. Tanja Krones & Gerd Richter (2004). Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD): European Perspectives and the German Situation. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (5):623 – 640.score: 30.0
    This article gives an overview about the ethical dispute on preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD), its legal status and its practical usage in Europe. We provide a detailed description of the situation in Germany wherein prenatal diagnosis is routinely applied, but PGD is prohibited on the basis of the internationally unique embryo protection act (EPA) that was put into force in 1991. Both PGD and stem cell research were vigorously debated in Germany during the last four years. As regards the PGD (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. Martin G. Leever, Kenneth Richter, Peg Nelson, Christopher J. Allman & Duncan Wyeth (2012). The Case of Do-Not-Resuscitate (DNR) Orders and the Intellectually Disabled Patient. HEC Forum 24 (2):83-90.score: 30.0
    In the case of an intellectually disabled patient, the attending physician was restricted from writing a Do-Not-Resuscitate (DNR) order. Although the rationale for this restriction was to protect the patient from an inappropriate quality of life judgment, it resulted in a worse death than the patient would have experienced had he not been disabled. Such restrictions that are intended to protect intellectually disabled patients may violate their right to equal treatment and to a dignified death.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Duncan Richter (2009). Review of Tim Labron, Wittgenstein and Theology. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (9).score: 30.0
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Dirk Richter (1994). Existentialism and Postmodernism. Continuities, Breaks, and Some Consequences for Medical Theory. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 15 (3).score: 30.0
    Since existentialism lost its influence in philosophy in the 1960s, postmodern theory has taken over criticizing basic concepts of western thought. From a postmodern point of view, the main shortcomings of existentialism is that it criticizes traditional unitarian concepts, while re-inventing new unitarian models. Against these unitarian approaches postmodernism holds that the world can only be described in terms of difference. In this article the postmodern program and its differences from existentialism are explained in reference to three concepts of western (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Melvin Richter (1976). An Introduction to Montesquieu's "an Essay on the Causes That May Affect Men's Minds and Characters". Political Theory 4 (2):132-138.score: 30.0
  38. M. M. Richter & M. E. Szabo (1988). Nonstandard Methods in Combinatorics and Theoretical Computer Science. Studia Logica 47 (3):181 - 191.score: 30.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Gerhard Richter (2005). Crude Thinking Rethought. Angelaki 10 (3):3 – 13.score: 30.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Duncan Richter (2010). Ethics and Private Language. Philosophical Topics 38 (1):181-203.score: 30.0
    There are intriguing hints in the works of Stanley Cavell and Stephen Mulhall of a possible connection between ethics and Wittgenstein’s remarks on private language, which are concerned with expressions of Empfindungen: feelings or sensations. The point of this paper is to make the case explicitly for seeing such a connection. What the point of that is I will address at the end of the paper. If Mulhall and Cavell both know their Wittgenstein and choose their words carefully, which I (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Duncan Richter (2004). Historical Dictionary of Wittgenstein's Philosophy. Scarecrow Press.score: 30.0
    Historical Dictionary of Wittgenstein's Philosophy covers the life and work of Ludwig Wittgenstein as well as the people who have worked on Wittgenstein's ideas ...
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. Duncan J. Richter, Ludwig Wittgenstein. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 30.0
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. F. Richter & J. Rado (2013). Negative Polarity in German: Some Experimental Results. Journal of Semantics (1):ffs023.score: 30.0
    We discuss four experiments in which we investigated the acceptability of a large set of Negative Polarity Items (NPIs) in semantically and syntactically different environments. The first two experiments distinguish two subsets of NPIs whose behavior patterns with semantic definitions of weak and strong NPIs: One set (strong NPIs) is less acceptable in the local environment of non-anti-additive downward-entailing operators than the other set (weak NPIs), but they are all equally acceptable in anti-additive environments. In the next two experiments we (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Duncan Richter (2005). Rules, Magic, and Instrumental Reason: A Critical Interpretation of Peter Winch's Philosophy of the Social Studies. Philosophia 32 (1-4):435-441.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. Francois Venter, Lucy Allais & Marlise Richter (2014). Exposure Ethics: Does Hiv Pre‐Exposure Prophylaxis Raise Ethical Problems for the Health Care Provider and Policy Maker? Bioethics 28 (6):269-274.score: 30.0
    The last few years have seen dramatic progress in the development of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). These developments have been met by ethical concerns. HIV interventions are often thought to be ethically difficult. In a context which includes disagreements over human rights, controversies over testing policies, and questions about sexual morality and individual responsibility, PrEP has been seen as an ethically complex intervention. We argue that this is mistaken, and that in fact, PrEP does not raise new ethical concerns. Some (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. Leonhard G. Richter (1991). Das Einteilungsproblem in Hegels Wissenschaft der Logik. Perspektiven der Philosophie 17:161-178.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. Michael Richter & Ran Spiegler, Festschrift.score: 30.0
    Foreword by Julian Assange............................................................................................. .. 4 Introduction........................................................................................ ................................. 5 Correspondence with Academic Journals........................................................................... 6..
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Reed Richter (1986). Further Comments on Decision Instability. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 64 (3):345 – 349.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. Paul Richter (1976). On Professor Gombrich's Model of Schema and Correction. British Journal of Aesthetics 16 (4):338-346.score: 30.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. Lori Richter (2011). Questions About Critical Thinking. Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 26 (2):37-43.score: 30.0
    The purpose of this paper is to give an overview of studies that sought to answer a number of questions about critical thinking First, studies are reviewed that looked at the correlation of scores on two major instruments, the Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal (WGCTA) and the California Critical Thinking Skills Test (CCTST). Then, results are reported that provide information about the relation between critical thinking and academic skills, and the independence of the construct of critical thinking. Finally, findings are reported (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 1000