1. Evan J. Criddle & Evan Fox-Decent, A Fiduciary Theory of Jus Cogens.
    For several decades, international law has recognized certain norms such as the prohibitions against genocide, slavery, and military aggression as "jus cogens"- peremptory law which supersedes conflicting international treaties and customs. Despite widespread acceptance of the jus cogens concept, legal theorists continue to debate whether peremptory norms derive their legal authority from state consent, natural law, or the demands of international public order. Anxiety over peremptory norms' legal basis has frustrated efforts to clarify the scope and content of jus cogens, (...)
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  2. Evan J. Criddle & Evan Fox-Decent, Deriving Peremptory Norms From Sovereignty.
    In international law, the term "jus cogens" refers to norms that are considered peremptory in the sense that they are mandatory and do not admit derogation. Although the jus cogens concept has achieved widespread acceptance, international legal theory has yet to furnish a satisfying account of jus cogens's legal basis. We argue that peremptory norms are inextricably linked to the sovereign powers assumed by all states. The key to understanding international jus cogens lies in Immanuel Kant's discussion of the (...)
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  3. Evan Fox-Decent & Evan J. Criddle (2009). The Fiduciary Constitution of Human Rights. Legal Theory 15 (4):301.
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