Search results for 'Evan Selinger William Braynen' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Patrick Grim, Randy Au, Nancy Louie, Robert Rosenberger, William Braynen, Evan Selinger & Robb E. Eason (2008). A Graphic Measure for Game-Theoretic Robustness. Synthese 163 (2):273 - 297.score: 19200.0
    Robustness has long been recognized as an important parameter for evaluating game-theoretic results, but talk of ‘robustness’ generally remains vague. What we offer here is a graphic measure for a particular kind of robustness (‘matrix robustness’), using a three-dimensional display of the universe of 2 × 2 game theory. In such a measure specific games appear as specific volumes (Prisoner’s Dilemma, Stag Hunt, etc.), allowing a graphic image of the extent of particular game-theoretic effects in terms of those games. The (...)
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  2. Patrick Grim, Evan Selinger, William Braynen, Robert Rosenberger, Randy Au, Nancy Louie & John Connolly (2005). Modeling Prejudice Reduction: Spatialized Game Theory and the Contact Hypothesis. Public Affairs Quarterly 19 (2):95-125.score: 19200.0
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  3. Stephen Turner, William Rehg, Heather Douglas & Evan Selinger (2013). Book Symposium on Expertise: Philosophical Reflections by Evan Selinger Automatic Press/Vip, Vince Inc. Press 2011. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Technology 26 (1):93-109.score: 2835.0
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  4. Evan Selinger, Jesús Aguilar & Kyle Powys Whyte (2011). Action Schemes: Questions and Suggestions. Philosophy and Technology 24 (1):83-88.score: 510.0
    Action Schemes: Questions and Suggestions Content Type Journal Article Pages 83-88 DOI 10.1007/s13347-010-0007-2 Authors Evan Selinger, Department of Philosophy, Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, NY USA Jesús Aguilar, Department of Philosophy, Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, NY USA Kyle Powys Whyte, Department of Philosophy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI USA Journal Philosophy & Technology Online ISSN 2210-5441 Print ISSN 2210-5433 Journal Volume Volume 24 Journal Issue Volume 24, Number 1.
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  5. Evan Selinger, Don Ihde, Ibo Poel, Martin Peterson & Peter-Paul Verbeek (2012). Erratum To: Book Symposium on Peter Paul Verbeek's Moralizing Technology: Understanding and Designing the Morality of Things. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2011. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Technology 25 (4):605-631.score: 510.0
    Erratum to: Book Symposium on Peter Paul Verbeek’s Moralizing Technology: Understanding and Designing the Morality of Things . Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2011 Content Type Journal Article Category Erratum Pages 1-27 DOI 10.1007/s13347-011-0058-z Authors Evan Selinger, Dept. Philosophy, Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, NY, USA Don Ihde, Dept. Philosophy, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, USA Ibo van de Poel, Delft University of Technology, Delft, the Netherlands Martin Peterson, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, the Netherlands Peter-Paul Verbeek, (...)
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  6. Thomas Seager, Evan Selinger & Arnim Wiek (2012). Sustainable Engineering Science for Resolving Wicked Problems. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (4):467-484.score: 510.0
    Abstract Because wicked problems are beyond the scope of normal, industrial-age engineering science, sustainability problems will require reform of current engineering science and technology practices. We assert that, while pluralism concerning use of the term sustainability is likely to persist, universities should continue to cultivate research and education programs specifically devoted to sustainable engineering science , an enterprise that is formally demarcated from business-as-usual and systems optimization approaches. Advancing sustainable engineering science requires a shift in orientation away from reductionism and (...)
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  7. Evan Selinger (2008). Does Microcredit “Empower”? Reflections on the Grameen Bank Debate. Human Studies 31 (1):27 - 41.score: 240.0
    Recent debates about the Grameen Bank’s microlending practices depict participating female borrowers as having fundamentally empowering or disempowering experiences. I argue that this discursive framework may be too reductive: it can conceal how technique and technology simultaneously facilitate relations of dependence and independence; and it can diminish our capacity to understand and assess innovative development initiatives.
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  8. Evan Selinger, Hubert Dreyfus & Harry Collins (2007). Interactional Expertise and Embodiment. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 38 (4):722-740.score: 240.0
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  9. Don Ihde & Evan Selinger (2004). Merleau-Ponty and Epistemology Engines. Human Studies 27 (4):361 - 376.score: 240.0
    One of us coined the notion of an “epistemology engine.” The idea is that some particular technology in its workings and use is seen suggestively as a metaphor for the human subject and often for the production of knowledge itself. In this essay, we further develop the conceptand claim that Merleau-Ponty’s phenomenological commitments, although suggestive, did not lead him to appreciate the epistemological value of materiality. We also take steps towards establishing how an understanding of this topic can provide the (...)
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  10. Selinger, Evan, Dreyfus, Hubert & Harry Collins (2007). Interactional Expertise and Embodiment. Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science 38 (4):722-740.score: 240.0
  11. Kevin Outterson & Evan Selinger (2011). The Ethics of Poverty Tourism. Environmental Philosophy 7 (2):93-114.score: 240.0
    Poverty tours - actual visits as well as literary and cinematic versions - are characterized as morally controversial trips and condemned in the press as voyeuristic endeavors. In this collaborative essay, we draw from personal experience, legal expertise, and phenomenological philosophy and introduce a conceptual taxonomy that clarifies the circumstances in which observing others has been construed as an immoral use of the gaze. We appeal to this taxonomy to determine which observational circumstances are relevant to the poverty tourism debate. (...)
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  12. Evan Selinger (2013). Tacit Knowledge: New Theories and Practices. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (2):247-249.score: 240.0
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  13. Evan M. Selinger & Robert P. Crease (2002). Dreyfus on Expertise: The Limits of Phenomenological Analysis. [REVIEW] Continental Philosophy Review 35 (3):245-279.score: 240.0
    Dreyfus's model of expert skill acquisition is philosophically important because it shifts the focus on expertise away from its social and technical externalization in STS, and its relegation to the historical and psychological context of discovery in the classical philosophy of science, to universal structures of embodied cognition and affect. In doing so he explains why experts are not best described as ideologues and why their authority is not exclusively based on social networking. Moreover, by phenomenologically analyzing expertise from a (...)
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  14. Eduardo Mendieta, Evan Selinger & Don Ihde (2003). Don Ihde Bodies in Technology. Journal of Applied Philosophy 20 (1):95–111.score: 240.0
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  15. Soren Riis, Evan Selinger & Kyle Powys Whyte (2010). Nudging Utopia. Future Orientation, Copenhagen Institute for Future Studies Magazine 1:29-33.score: 240.0
    A sketch of some of the implications of nudges.
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  16. Evan Selinger & Kyle Powys Whyte (2010). Competence and Trust in Choice Architecture. Knowledge, Technology and Policy 23 (3-4):461-482.score: 240.0
    Richard Thaler and Cass Sunstein’s Nudge advances a theory of how designers can improve decision-making in various situations where people have to make choices. We claim that the moral acceptability of nudges hinges in part on whether they can provide an account of the competence required to offer nudges, an account that would serve to warrant our general trust in choice architects. What needs to be considered, on a methodological level, is whether they have clarified the competence required for choice (...)
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  17. Evan Selinger (2008). Introduction: Cyborg Embodiment: Affect, Agency, Intentionality, and Responsibility. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 7 (3):317-325.score: 240.0
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  18. Evan Selinger (2009). Towards a Reflexive Framework for Development: Technology Transfer After the Empirical Turn. Synthese 168 (3):377 - 403.score: 240.0
    The purpose of this essay is to: (1) detail how recent trends in philosophical theory have made it possible for philosophers of technology to critically discuss technology transfer; (2) demonstrate that economic standards of assessment are conducive to obscuring the hidden tradeoffs that technological practices, such as mobile phone use in Bangladesh, can engender; and (3) provide the basis of an alternative model that can reflexively addresses dimensions of technology transfer that neo-classical economic accounts occlude.
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  19. Evan Selinger & John Mix (2004). On Interactional Expertise: Pragmatic and Ontological Considerations. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 3 (2):145-163.score: 240.0
    This paper is a critical examination of Harry Collins's investigation into a third form of knowledge, “interactional expertise.” We argue that although Collins makes a genuine contribution to the phenomenological literature on expertise, his account requires further critical evaluation and response due to pragmatic and ontological considerations. We contend that by refining (in some questionable ways) the category of interactional expertise so as to create epistemological equivalence between activists, sociologists, critics, journalists, and some science administrators, Collins potentially undermines the value (...)
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  20. Evan Selinger (2008). Collins's Incorrect Depiction of Dreyfus's Critique of Artificial Intelligence. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 7 (2):301-308.score: 240.0
    Harry Collins interprets Hubert Dreyfus’s philosophy of embodiment as a criticism of all possible forms of artificial intelligence. I argue that this characterization is inaccurate and predicated upon a misunderstanding of the relevance of phenomenology for empirical scientific research.
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  21. Evan Selinger & Timothy Engström (2008). A Moratorium on Cyborgs: Computation, Cognition, and Commerce. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 7 (3):327-341.score: 240.0
    By examining the contingent alliance that has emerged between the computational theory of mind and cyborg theory, we discern some questionable ways in which the literalization of technological metaphors and the over-extension of the “computational” have functioned, not only to influence conceptions of cognition, but also by becoming normative perspectives on how minds and bodies should be transformed, such that they can capitalize on technology’s capacity to enhance cognition and thus amend our sense of what it is to be “human”. (...)
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  22. Evan Selinger (2014). Confronting the Moral Dimensions of Technology Through Mediation Theory. Philosophy and Technology 27 (2):287-313.score: 240.0
    Playing Philosophical Pictionary with VerbeekMartin Heidegger famously claimed that great thinkers spend their lives exploring a single thought: its history nuances, misappropriations, and implications. While not as narrowly—or, in my opinion, myopically—focused, most contemporary principals in the philosophy of technology pursue recognizable research programs. Since these programs are distinctive, peers and graduate students can associate complex arguments with leading concepts. Such concepts circulate widely enough to become common terms in database searches, and informatics scholars in principle can use them as (...)
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  23. Evan Selinger & Timothy Engström (2008). Interactive Computation is Interaction with What?: A Reply to Clark. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 7 (3):347-348.score: 240.0
    In this response essay, we argue that Andy Clark’s assessment of our position on cyborgs is rooted in a misconception of the notion of “interaction” that we advance.
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  24. Evan Selinger, Paul Thompson & Harry Collins (2011). Catastrophe Ethics and Activist Speech: Reflections on Moral Norms, Advocacy, and Technical Judgment. Metaphilosophy 42 (1-2):118-144.score: 240.0
    Abstract: This essay critically examines whether there are ethical dimensions to the way that expertise, knowledge claims, and expressions of skepticism intersect on technical matters that influence public policy, especially during times of crisis. It compares two different perspectives on the matter: a philosophical outlook rooted in discourse and virtue ethics and a sociological outlook rooted in the so-called third-wave approach to science studies. The comparison occurs through metaphilosophical analysis and applied claims that clarify how the disciplinary orientations appear to (...)
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  25. Thomas P. Seager, Evan Selinger & Susan Spierre (2011). Determining Moral Responsibility for CO 2 Emissions: A Reply to Nolt. Ethics, Policy and Environment 14 (1):39-42.score: 240.0
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  26. Evan Selinger & Kyle Powys Whyte (2012). What Counts as a Nudge? American Journal of Bioethics 12 (2):11-12.score: 240.0
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 2, Page 11-12, February 2012.
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  27. Evan Selinger (2004). The Wonder of Phenomenology. [REVIEW] Human Studies 27 (1):117-112.score: 240.0
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  28. Evan Selinger, Gregory Feist & David Stone (2013). Erratum To: Tacit Knowledge: New Theories and Practices. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (2):251-251.score: 240.0
  29. Kyle Powys Whyte, Evan Selinger, Arthur L. Caplan & Jathan Sadowski (2012). Nudge, Nudge or Shove, Shove—The Right Way for Nudges to Increase the Supply of Donated Cadaver Organs. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (2):32-39.score: 240.0
    Richard Thaler and Cass Sunstein (2008) contend that mandated choice is the most practical nudge for increasing organ donation. We argue that they are wrong, and their mistake results from failing to appreciate how perceptions of meaning can influence people's responses to nudges. We favor a policy of default to donation that is subject to immediate family veto power, includes options for people to opt out (and be educated on how to do so), and emphasizes the role of organ procurement (...)
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  30. Kyle Powys Whyte, Evan Selinger & Kevin Outterson (2011). Poverty Tourism and the Problem of Consent. Journal of Global Ethics 7 (3):337-348.score: 240.0
    Is it morally permissible for financially privileged tourists to visit places for the purpose of experiencing where poor people live, work, and play? Tourism associated with this question is commonly referred to as ?poverty tourism?. While some poverty tourism is plausibly ethical, other practices will be more controversial. The purpose of this essay is to address mutually beneficial cases of poverty tourism and advance the following positions. First, even mutually beneficial transactions between tourists and residents in poverty tourism always run (...)
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  31. Jathan Sadowski, Thomas P. Seager, Evan Selinger, Susan G. Spierre & Kyle P. Whyte (2013). An Experiential, Game-Theoretic Pedagogy for Sustainability Ethics. Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):1323-1339.score: 240.0
    The wicked problems that constitute sustainability require students to learn a different set of ethical skills than is ordinarily required by professional ethics. The focus for sustainability ethics must be redirected towards: (1) reasoning rather than rules, and (2) groups rather than individuals. This need for a different skill set presents several pedagogical challenges to traditional programs of ethics education that emphasize abstraction and reflection at the expense of experimentation and experience. This paper describes a novel pedagogy of sustainability ethics (...)
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  32. Evan Selinger (2003). The Necessity of Embodiment: The Dreyfus-Collins Debate. Philosophy Today 47 (3):266-279.score: 240.0
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  33. Evan M. Selinger (2003). Feyerabend's Democratic Critique of Expertise. Critical Review 15 (3-4):359-373.score: 240.0
    Abstract Paul Feyerabend is famous for presenting a scathing indictment of modern experts as a threat to democracy. While commentators have questioned the accuracy of his portrayal of experts, they have not assessed the accuracy of his depiction of laypeople. Although Feyerabend has political reasons for wanting to demythologize grandiose notions of expertise, his political project hinders clear thinking about the question by idealizing the alternative lay perspective.
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  34. Evan Selinger (2004). Review: The Wonder of Phenomenology. [REVIEW] Human Studies 27 (1):107 - 112.score: 240.0
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  35. Evan Selinger (2008). Introduction to Postphenomenology Discussion. Techne 12 (2):98-98.score: 240.0
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  36. Robert Crease, Evan Selinger & Heather Douglas (2007). The Philosophy of Expertise. Philosophy of Science 74 (4):552.score: 240.0
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  37. Evan M. Selinger (2003). Expertise and Public Ignorance. Critical Review 15 (3-4):375-386.score: 240.0
    Abstract Recent sociological/philosophical treatments of expertise, best represented by the work of Steve Fuller, attempt to (1) reduce displays of expertise to sophistic exercises of discretionary power, and (2) refute the claim that because laypeople are epistemically inferior to experts, it is rational to defer to an expert's opinion rather than making up one's own mind. But upon inspection, Fuller fails to provide reasonable grounds for liberating laypeople from the tyranny of cognitive authoritarianism. Rather, he presents a (...)
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  38. Evan Selinger (2008). Normative Judgment and Technoscience. Techne 12 (2):120-125.score: 240.0
    This essay interrogates the relation between descriptive and prescriptive elements in Don Ihde’s philosophy of technology. I argue that while Ihde’s philosophy contributes more to normative inquiry than is often acknowledged, it may be insufficient for addressing core issues concerning cosmopolitanism, ecological catastrophe, and animal rights.
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  39. Evan Selinger & Kevin Outterson (2010). The Ethics of Poverty Tourism. Environmental Philosophy 7 (2):93-114.score: 240.0
    Poverty tours—actual visits as well as literary and cinematic versions—are characterized as morally controversial trips and condemned in the press as voyeuristic endeavors. In this collaborative essay, we draw from personal experience, legal expertise, and phenomenological philosophy and introduce a conceptual taxonomy that clarifies the circumstances in which observing others has been construed as an immoral use of the gaze. We appeal to this taxonomy to determine which observational circumstances are ethically relevant to the poverty tourism debate. While we do (...)
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  40. William Evan (1987). Knowledge for Whom? Social Epistemology 1 (2):155 – 162.score: 240.0
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  41. Evan Selinger & Timothy Engström (2007). On Naturally Embodied Cyborgs: Identities, Metaphors, and Models. Janus Head 9 (2):553-584.score: 240.0
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  42. Evan Selinger (2003). Reconsidering Difference. International Studies in Philosophy 35 (4):361-362.score: 240.0
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  43. Jan Kyrre Berg Olsen Friis, Evan Selinger & Søren Riis (eds.) (2009). New Waves in Philosophy of Technology. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 240.0
    The volume advances research in the philosophy of technology by introducing contributors who have an acute sense of how to get beyond or reframe the epistemic, ontological and normative limitations that currently limit the fields of philosophy of technology and science and technology studies.
     
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  44. Mark Manion & William M. Evan (1999). The Y2K Problem. Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 29 (4):24-29.score: 240.0
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  45. Jan-Kyrre Berg Olsen, Evan Selinger & Søren Riis (eds.) (2009). New Waves in Philosophy of Technology. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 240.0
    The volume advances research in the philosophy of technology by introducing contributors who have an acute sense of how to get beyond or reframe the epistemic, ontological and normative limitations that currently limit the fields of philosophy of technology and science and technology studies.
     
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  46. George Psathas, Lenore Langsdorf & Evan Selinger (2004). Human Studies Editors. Human Studies 27:463-467.score: 240.0
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  47. Jathan Sadowski, Susan G. Spierre, Evan Selinger, Thomas P. Seager, Elizabeth A. Adams & Andrew Berardy (forthcoming). Intergroup Cooperation in Common Pool Resource Dilemmas. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-19.score: 240.0
    Fundamental problems of environmental sustainability, including climate change and fisheries management, require collective action on a scale that transcends the political and cultural boundaries of the nation-state. Rational, self-interested neoclassical economic theories of human behavior predict tragedy in the absence of third party enforcement of agreements and practical difficulties that prevent privatization. Evolutionary biology offers a theory of cooperation, but more often than not in a context of discrimination against other groups. That is, in-group boundaries are necessarily defined by those (...)
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  48. Evan Selinger (2012). Cyborgs. In Jan Kyrre Berg Olsen Friis, Stig Andur Pedersen & Vincent F. Hendricks (eds.), A Companion to the Philosophy of Technology. Wiley-Blackwell.score: 240.0
     
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  49. Evan Selinger, Paul Thompson & Harold Maurice Collins, Catastrophe Ethics and Activist Speech: Reflections on Moral Norms, Advocacy, and Technical Judgment.score: 240.0
    This essay critically examines whether there are ethical dimensions to the way that expertise, knowledge claims, and expressions of skepticism intersect on technical matters that influence public policy, especially during times of crisis. It compares two different perspectives on the matter: a philosophical outlook rooted in discourse and virtue ethics and a sociological outlook rooted in the so-called third-wave approach to science studies. The comparison occurs through metaphilosophical analysis and applied claims that clarify how the disciplinary orientations appear to lead (...)
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  50. Evan Selinger (2012). Expertise. In Jan Kyrre Berg Olsen Friis, Stig Andur Pedersen & Vincent F. Hendricks (eds.), A Companion to the Philosophy of Technology. Wiley-Blackwell.score: 240.0
     
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