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Profile: Evan Thompson (University of Toronto)
  1. Diego Cosmelli & Evan Thompson (web). Embodiment or Envatment? Reflections on the Bodily Basis of Consciousness. In J. Stewart, O. Gapenne & E Di Paolo (eds.), Enaction: Towards a New Paradigm for Cognitive Science. MIT Press.
     
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  2. Evan Thompson & Diego Cosmelli, Figures.
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  3. Georges Dreyfus & Evan Thompson, Asian Perspectives: Indian Theories.
    This chapter examines Indian views of the mind and consciousness, with particular focus on the Indian Buddhist tradition. To contextualize Buddhist views of the mind, we first provide a brief presentation of some of the most important Hindu views, particularly those of the S¯am . khya school. Whereas..
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  4. Luiz Pessoa & Evan Thompson, Beyond the Grand Illusion: What Change Blindness Really Teaches Us About Vision.
    Experiments on scene perception and change blindness suggest that the visual system does not construct detailed internal models of a scene. These experiments therefore call into doubt the traditional view that vision is a process in which detailed representations of the environment must be constructed. The non-existence of such detailed representations, however, does not entail that we do not perceive the detailed environment. The “grand illusion hypothesis” that our visual world is an illusion rests on (1) a problematic “reconstructionist” conception (...)
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  5. Evan Thompson, Embodiment or Envatment? Reflections on the Bodily Basis of Consciousness.
    Suppose that a team of neurosurgeons and bioengineers were able to remove your brain from your body, suspend it in a life-sustaining vat of liquid nutrients, and connect its neurons and nerve terminals by wires to a supercomputer that would stimulate it with electrical impulses exactly like those it normally receives when embodied. According to this brain-in-a-vat thought experiment, your envatted brain and your embodied brain would have subjectively indistinguishable mental lives. For all you know—so one argument goes—you could be (...)
     
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  6. Evan Thompson, Neurodynamics of Consciousness.
    One of the outstanding problems in the cognitive sciences is to understand how ongoing conscious experience is related to the workings of the brain and nervous system. Neurodynamics offers a powerful approach to this problem because it provides a coherent framework for investigating change, variability, complex spatiotemporal patterns of activity, and multiscale processes (among others). In this chapter, we advocate a neurodynamical approach to consciousness that integrates mathematical tools of analysis and modeling, sophisticated physiological data recordings, and detailed phenomenological descriptions. (...)
     
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  7. Evan Thompson, The Feeling Body: Toward an Enactive Approach to Emotion.
    For many years, emotion theory has been characterized by a dichotomy between the head and the body. In the golden years of cognitivism, during the 1960s and ’70s, emotion theory focused on the cognitive antecedents of emotion, the so-called “appraisal processes.” Some saw bodily events largely as by-products of cognition, and as too unspecifi c to contribute to the variety of emotion experience. Cognition was conceptualized as an abstract, intellectual, “heady” process separate from bodily events. Although current emotion theory has (...)
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  8. Giovanna Colombetti & Evan Thompson (forthcoming). The Feeling Body: Towards an Enactive Approach to Emotion. In W. F. Overton, U. Mueller & J. Newman (eds.), Body in Mind, Mind in Body: Developmental Perspectives on Embodiment and Consciousness. Erlbaum.
    For many years emotion theory has been characterized by a dichotomy between the head and the body. In the golden years of cognitivism, during the nineteen-sixties and seventies, emotion theory focused on the cognitive antecedents of emotion, the so-called “appraisal processes.” Bodily events were seen largely as byproducts of cognition, and as too unspecific to contribute to the variety of emotion experience. Cognition was conceptualized as an abstract, intellectual, “heady” process separate from bodily events. Although current emotion theory has moved (...)
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  9. Jake H. Davis & Evan Thompson (2013). From the Five Aggregates to Phenomenal Consciousness: Toward a Cross-Cultural Cognitive Science. In Steven M. Emmanuel (ed.), A Companion to Buddhist Philosophy. John Wiley & Sons.
    Buddhism originated and developed in an Indian cultural context that featured many first-person practices for producing and exploring states of consciousness through the systematic training of attention. In contrast, the dominant methods of investigating the mind in Western cognitive science have emphasized third-person observation of the brain and behavior. In this chapter, we explore how these two different projects might prove mutually beneficial. We lay the groundwork for a cross-cultural cognitive science by using one traditional Buddhist model of the mind (...)
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  10. Kathleen Garrison, Scheinost A., Worhunsky Dustin, D. Patrick, Hani Elwafi, Thornhill M., A. Thomas, Evan Thompson, Clifford Saron, Gaëlle Desbordes, Hedy Kober, Michelle Hampson, Jeremy Gray, Constable R., Papademetris R. Todd & Brewer Xenophon (2013). Real-Time fMRI Links Subjective Experience with Brain Activity During Focused Attention. NeuroImage 81:110--118.
  11. Robert Hanna & Evan Thompson (2012). Problem umysł-ciało-ciało. Avant 3 (T).
    Robert Hanna and Evan Thompson offer a solution to the Mind-Body-Body Problem. The solution, in a nutshell, is that the living and lived body (Leib) is metaphysically and conceptually basic, in the sense that one’s consciousness, on the one hand, and one’s corporeal being (Körper), on the other, are nothing but dual aspects of one’s lived body. One’s living and lived body can be equated with one’s being as an animal; therefore, this solution to the Mind-Body-Body Problem amounts to an (...)
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  12. Evan Thompson (2012). Żywe sposoby nadawania sensu. Avant 3 (T).
    Evan Thompson’s paper has four parts. First, he says more about what he means when he asks, “what is living?” Second, he presents his way of answering this question, which is that living is sense-making in precarious conditions. Third, he responds to Welton’s considerations about what he calls the “affective entrainment” of the living being by the environment. Finally, he addresses Protevi’s remarks about panpsychism.
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  13. Evan Thompson (2012). Buddhism as Philosophy: An Introduction (Review). Philosophy East and West 62 (3):413-415.
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  14. Rebecca M. Todd, William A. Cunningham, Adam K. Anderson & Evan Thompson (2012). Affect-Biased Attention as Emotion Regulation. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (7):365-372.
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  15. Kalina Christoff, Diego Cosmelli, Dorothée Legrand & Evan Thompson (2011). Clarifying the Self: Response to Northoff. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (5):187-188.
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  16. Kalina Christoff, Diego Cosmelli, Dorothée Legrand & Evan Thompson (2011). Specifying the Self for Cognitive Neuroscience. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (3):104-112.
  17. Aaron Henry & Evan Thompson (2011). Witnessing From Here: Self-Awareness From a Bodily Versus Embodied Perspective. In Shaun Gallagher (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the Self. Oup Oxford.
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  18. Evan Thompson (2011). Living Ways of Sense Making. Philosophy Today 55 (Supplement):114-123.
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  19. Evan Thompson (2011). Reply to Commentaries. Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (5-6):5-6.
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  20. EvAN THoMPsoN (2011). Sensomotorische Subjektivität und die enaktive Annäherung an Erfahrung. In Wolfgang Welsch, Christian Tewes & Klaus Vieweg (eds.), Natur Und Geist: Über Ihre Evolutionäre Verhältnisbestimmung. Akademie Verlag. 125.
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  21. Evan Thompson (2011). Umysł W Życiu. Streszczenie „Mind in Life: Biology, Phenomenology, and the Sciences of Mind”. Avant 2 (T).
    [Précis of Mind in Life: Biology, Phenomenology, and the Sciences of Mind] The theme of this book is the deep continuity of life and mind. Where there is life there is mind, and mind in its most articulated forms belongs to life. Life and mind share a core set of formal or organizational properties, and the formal or organizational properties distinctive of mind are an enriched version of those fundamental to life.
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  22. Evan Thompson & Diego Cosmelli (2011). Brain in a Vat or Body in a World?: Brainbound Versus Enactive Views of Experience. Philosophical Topics 39 (1):163-180.
    We argue that the minimal biological requirements for consciousness include a living body, not just neuronal processes in the skull. Our argument proceeds by reconsidering the brain-in-a-vat thought experiment. Careful examination of this thought experiment indicates that the null hypothesis is that any adequately functional “vat” would be a surrogate body, that is, that the so-called vat would be no vat at all, but rather an embodied agent in the world. Thus, what the thought experiment actually shows is that the (...)
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  23. Dan Zahavi, Evan Thompson & Mark Siderits (eds.) (2011). Self, No Self? Perspectives From Analytical, Phenomenological, and Indian Traditions. Oxford University Press.
    Self, No Self? is the first book of its kind. It brings together leading philosophical scholars of the Indian and Tibetan traditions with leading Western philosophers of mind and phenomenologists to explore issues about consciousness and selfhood from these multiple perspectives.
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  24. Robert Hanna & Evan Thompson (2010). Spontaniczność świadomości. Avant 1 (1).
    It is now conventional wisdom that conscious experience — or in Nagel’s canonical characterization, “what it is like to be” for an organism — is what makes the mind-body problem so intractable. By the same token, our current conceptions of the mind-body relation are inadequate and some conceptual development is urgently needed. Our overall aim in this paper is to make some progress towards that conceptual development. We first examine a currently neglected, yet fundamental aspect of consciousness. This aspect is (...)
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  25. Mark Siderits, Evan Thompson & Dan Zahavi (2010). Introduction. In Mark Siderits, Evan Thompson & Dan Zahavi (eds.), Self, No Self?: Perspectives From Analytical, Phenomenological, and Indian Traditions. Oup Oxford.
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  26. Mark Siderits, Evan Thompson & Dan Zahavi (eds.) (2010). Self, No Self?: Perspectives From Analytical, Phenomenological, and Indian Traditions. Oxford University Press.
    It is time to bring the rich resources of these traditions into the contemporary debate about the nature of self. This volume is the first of its kind.
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  27. Evan Thompson (2010). Self-No-Self? Memory and Reflexive Awareness. In Mark Siderits, Evan Thompson & Dan Zahavi (eds.), Self, No Self?: Perspectives From Analytical, Phenomenological, and Indian Traditions. Oup Oxford.
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  28. Evan Thompson (2009). Contemplative Neuroscience as an Approach to Volitional Consciousness. In. In Nancey Murphy, George Ellis, O. ’Connor F. R. & Timothy (eds.), Downward Causation and the Neurobiology of Free Will. Springer Verlag. 187--197.
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  29. Evan Thompson & Mog Stapleton (2009). Making Sense of Sense-Making: Reflections on Enactive and Extended Mind Theories. Topoi 28 (1):23-30.
    This paper explores some of the differences between the enactive approach in cognitive science and the extended mind thesis. We review the key enactive concepts of autonomy and sense-making . We then focus on the following issues: (1) the debate between internalism and externalism about cognitive processes; (2) the relation between cognition and emotion; (3) the status of the body; and (4) the difference between ‘incorporation’ and mere ‘extension’ in the body-mind-environment relation.
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  30. Michel Bitbol, Carmelo Call, Massimiliano Cappuccio, Mauro Ceruti, Luisa Damiano, Giovanna Colombetti, Evan Thompson, Carlo Conni, Giuseppe Longo & Mauro Maldonato (2008). La neurofenomenologia esperienza, percezione, cognizione. Rivista di Estetica 48 (37):9-168.
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  31. Giovanna Colombetti & Evan Thompson (2008). Il corpo E il vissuto affettivo: Verso un approccio «enattivo» allo studio delle emozioni. Rivista di Estetica 48 (37):77-96.
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  32. Evan Thompson (2008). Representationalism and the Phenomenology of Mental Imagery. Synthese 160 (3):203--213.
    This paper sketches a phenomenological analysis of visual mental imagery and uses it to criticize representationalism and the internalist-versus-externalist framework for understanding consciousness. Contrary to internalist views of mental imagery imagery experience is not the experience of a phenomenal mental picture inspected by the mind’s eye, but rather the mental simulation of perceptual experience. Furthermore, there are experiential differences in perceiving and imagining that are not differences in the properties represented by these experiences. Therefore, externalist representationalism, which maintains that the (...)
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  33. Diego J. Cosmelli, Jean-Philippe Lachaux & Evan Thompson (2007). Neurodynamical Approaches to Consciousness. In Philip David Zelazo, Morris Moscovitch & Evan Thompson (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness. Cambridge. 731--774.
  34. Diego J. Cosmelli, Jean-Philippe Lachaux & Evan Thompson (2007). Neurodynamics of Consciousness. In P.D. Zelazo, Morris Moscovitch & Evan Thompson (eds.), Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness. Cambridge.
    cal basis of consciousness. We continue by discussing the relation between spatiotem- One of the outstanding problems in the cog- poral patterns of brain activity and con- nitive sciences is to understand how ongo- sciousness, with particular attention to pro- ing conscious experience is related to the cesses in the gamma frequency band. We workings of the brain and nervous system. then adopt a critical perspective and high-.
     
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  35. Diego J. Cosmelli & Evan Thompson (2007). Mountains and Valleys: Binocular Rivalry and the Flow of Experience. Consciousness and Cognition 16 (3):623-641.
    Binocular rivalry provides a useful situation for studying the relation between the temporal flow of conscious experience and the temporal dynamics of neural activity. After proposing a phenomenological framework for understanding temporal aspects of consciousness, we review experimental research on multistable perception and binocular rivalry, singling out various methodological, theoretical, and empirical aspects of this research relevant to studying the flow of experience. We then review an experimental study from our group explicitly concerned with relating the temporal dynamics of rivalrous (...)
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  36. George Dreyfus & Evan Thompson (2007). Philosophical Theories of Consciousness: Asian Perspectives. In Philip David Zelazo, Morris Moscovitch & Evan Thompson (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness. Cambridge.
     
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  37. Georges Dreyfus & Evan Thompson (2007). Asian Perspectives: Indian Theories of Mind. In Philip David Zelazo, Morris Moscovitch & Evan Thompson (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness. Cambridge University Press. 89--114.
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  38. Georges Dreyfus & Evan Thompson (2007). Indian Theories of Mind. In P.D. Zelazo, Morris Moscovitch & Evan Thompson (eds.), Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness. Cambridge.
  39. Morris Moscovitch, Philip Zelazo & Evan Thompson (eds.) (2007). Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness. Cambridge University Press.
    The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness is the first of its kind in the field, and its appearance marks a unique time in the history of intellectual inquiry on the topic. After decades during which consciousness was considered beyond the scope of legitimate scientific investigation, consciousness re-emerged as a popular focus of research towards the end of the last century, and it has remained so for nearly 20 years. There are now so many different lines of investigation on consciousness that the (...)
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  40. Evan Thompson (2007). Look Again: Phenomenology and Mental Imagery. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 6 (1-2):137-170.
    This paper (1) sketches a phenomenological analysis of visual mental imagery; (2) applies this analysis to the mental imagery debate in cognitive science; (3) briefly sketches a neurophenomenological approach to mental imagery; and (4) compares the results of this discussion with Dennett’s heterophenomenology.
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  41. Evan Thompson (2007). Mind in Life: Biology, Phenomenology, and the Sciences of Mind. Harvard University Press.
    The question has long confounded philosophers and scientists, and it is this so-called explanatory gap between biological life and consciousness that Evan ...
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  42. Evan Thompson & Dan Zahavi (2007). Phenomenology. In P.D. Zelazo, Morris Moscovitch & Evan Thompson (eds.), Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness. Cambridge.
    Current scientific research on consciousness aims to understand how consciousness arises from the workings of the brain and body, as well as the relations between conscious experience and cognitive processing. Clearly, to make progress in these areas, researchers cannot avoid a range of conceptual issues about the nature and structure of consciousness, such as the following: What is the relation between intentionality and consciousness? What is the relation between self-awareness and consciousness? What is the temporal structure of conscious experience? What (...)
     
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  43. Evan Thompson & Dan Zahavi (2007). Philosophical Issues: Phenomenology. In Morris Moscovitch, Philip Zelazo & Evan Thompson (eds.), Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness. Cambridge University Press. 67--87.
    Current scientific research on consciousness aims to understand how consciousness arises from the workings of the brain and body, as well as the relations between conscious experience and cognitive processing. Clearly, to make progress in these areas, researchers cannot avoid a range of conceptual issues about the nature and structure of consciousness, such as the following: What is the relation between intentionality and consciousness? What is the relation between self-awareness and consciousness? What is the temporal structure of conscious experience? What (...)
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  44. Evan Thompson & Dan Zahavi (2007). Philosophical Theories of Consciousness: Continental Perspectives. In Philip David Zelazo, Morris Moscovitch & Evan Thompson (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness. Cambridge.
     
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  45. Philip David Zelazo, Morris Moscovitch & Evan Thompson (eds.) (2007). The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness. Cambridge University Press.
    The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness is the first of its kind in the field, and its appearance marks a unique time in the history of intellectual inquiry on the topic. After decades during which consciousness was considered beyond the scope of legitimate scientific investigation, consciousness re-emerged as a popular focus of research towards the end of the last century, and it has remained so for nearly 20 years. There are now so many different lines of investigation on consciousness that the (...)
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  46. Evan Thompson (2006). Neurophenomenology and Contemplative Experience. In Oxford Handbook of Religion and Science. Oxford Univ Pr. 226-235.
    Accession Number: ATLA0001712130; Hosting Book Page Citation: p 226-235.; Language(s): English; General Note: Bibliography: p 234-235.; Issued by ATLA: 20130825; Publication Type: Essay.
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  47. Evan Thompson (2006). The Neurosciences and Religion. In Philip Clayton (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Science. Oup Oxford.
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  48. Evan Thompson, P. Zelazo & Morris Moscovitch (eds.) (2006). The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness. Cambridge University Press.
    The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness is the first of its kind in the field, and its appearance marks a unique time in the history of intellectual inquiry on the topic. After decades during which consciousness was considered beyond the scope of legitimate scientific investigation, consciousness re-emerged as a popular focus of research towards the end of the last century, and it has remained so for nearly 20 years. There are now so many different lines of investigation on consciousness that the (...)
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  49. Giovanna Colombetti & Evan Thompson (2005). Enacting Emotional Interpretations with Feeling. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):200-201.
    This commentary makes three points: (1) There may be no clear-cut distinction between emotion and appraisal “constituents” at neural and psychological levels. (2) The microdevelopment of an emotional interpretation contains a complex microdevelopment of affect. (3) Neurophenomenology is a promising research program for testing Lewis's hypotheses about the neurodynamics of emotion-appraisal amalgams.
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  50. Frans de Waal, Evan Thompson & J. Proctor (2005). Primates, Monks and the Mind. Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (7):38-54.
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