Search results for 'Evelyne Clement' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Evelyne Clement (1997). Knowledge of Domain Effects in Problem Representation: The Case of Tower of Hanoi Isomorphs. Thinking and Reasoning 3 (2):133 – 157.score: 240.0
    Differences in difficulty between isomorphs of the Tower of Hanoi are generally explained in terms of differences in processing loads required by the different versions Kotovsky & Fallside, 1989 . Our claim is that the general knowledge about an action, activated by the context, is what guides the elaboration of problem representation. To test this hypothesis, we manipulated the context using four isomorphs. The results support the hypothesis: the selection of the adequate point of view on the action depends on (...)
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  2. Grace Clement (1996). Care, Autonomy, and Justice: Feminism and the Ethic of Care. Westview Press.score: 60.0
    Newcomers and more experienced feminist theorists will welcome this even-handed survey of the care/justice debate within feminist ethics. Grace Clement clarifies the key terms, examines the arguments and assumptions of all sides to the debate, and explores the broader implications for both practical and applied ethics. Readers will appreciate her generous treatment of the feminine, feminist, and justice-based perspectives that have dominated the debate.Clement also goes well beyond description and criticism, advancing the discussion through the incorporation of a (...)
     
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  3. Christine Clavien, Colby Tanner, Fabrice Clément & Michel Chapuisat (2012). Choosy Moral Punishers. PLoS ONE.score: 30.0
    The punishment of social misconduct is a powerful mechanism for stabilizing high levels of cooperation among unrelated individuals. It is regularly assumed that humans have a universal disposition to punish social norm violators, which is sometimes labelled “universal structure of human morality” or “pure aversion to social betrayal”. Here we present evidence that, contrary to this hypothesis, the propensity to punish a moral norm violator varies among participants with different career trajectories. In anonymous real-life conditions, future teachers punished a talented (...)
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  4. Dan Sperber, Fabrice Clément, Christophe Heintz, Olivier Mascaro, Hugo Mercier, Gloria Origgi & Deirdre Wilson (2010). Epistemic Vigilance. Mind and Language 25 (4):359-393.score: 30.0
    Humans massively depend on communication with others, but this leaves them open to the risk of being accidentally or intentionally misinformed. To ensure that, despite this risk, communication remains advantageous, humans have, we claim, a suite of cognitive mechanisms for epistemic vigilance. Here we outline this claim and consider some of the ways in which epistemic vigilance works in mental and social life by surveying issues, research and theories in different domains of philosophy, linguistics, cognitive psychology and the social sciences.
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  5. F. Clement & Abraham J. Malerstein (2003). What is It Like to Be Conscious? The Ontogenesis of Consciousness. Philosophical Psychology 16 (1):67-85.score: 30.0
    In recent years, numerous studies have tried to highlight, from a naturalistic point of view, the apparent mysteries of consciousness. Many authors concentrated their efforts on explaining the phylogenetic origins of consciousness. Paradoxically, comments on the ontogenesis of consciousness are almost nonexistent. By crossing the results of psychology of development with a philosophical analysis, this paper aims to make up for this omission. After having characterized the different conceptual aspects of consciousness, we combine these, with observations made by developmental psychologists, (...)
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  6. Fabrice Clément, Melissa Koenig & Paul Harris (2004). The Ontogenesis of Trust. Mind and Language 19 (4):360–379.score: 30.0
    Psychologists have emphasized children's acquisition of information through firsthand observation. However, many beliefs are acquired from others' testimony. In two experiments, most 4yearolds displayed sceptical trust in testimony. Having heard informants' accurate or inaccurate testimony, they anticipated that informants would continue to display such differential accuracy and they trusted the hitherto reliable informant. Yet they ignored the testimony of the reliable informant if it conflicted with what they themselves had seen. By contrast, threeyearolds were less selective in trusting a reliable (...)
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  7. Fabrice Clément (2010). To Trust or Not to Trust? Children's Social Epistemology. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (4):531-549.score: 30.0
    Philosophers agree that an important part of our knowledge is acquired via testimony. One of the main objectives of social epistemology is therefore to specify the conditions under which a hearer is justified in accepting a proposition stated by a source. Non-reductionists, who think that testimony could be considered as an a priori source of knowledge, as well as reductionists, who think that another type of justification has to be added to testimony, share a common conception about children development. Non-reductionists (...)
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  8. W. C. Clement (1956). Quality Orders. Mind 65 (April):184-199.score: 30.0
  9. Roland C. Clement (1979). Watson's Reciprocity of Rights and Duties. Environmental Ethics 1 (4):353-355.score: 30.0
    Richard A. Watson’s proposal that rights inhere only in those who can perform duties is here objected to as being too intellectualistic. Instead, it is suggested that rights inhere in all those who participate in the process of becoming, as A. N. Whitehead proposed half a century ago. Ecological science lends new support to this view.
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  10. Fabrice Clément & Abraham J. Malerstein (2003). What is It Like to Be Conscious? The Ontogenesis of Consciousness. Philosophical Psychology 16 (1):67 – 85.score: 30.0
    In recent years, numerous studies have tried to highlight, from a naturalistic point of view, the apparent mysteries of consciousness. Many authors concentrated their efforts on explaining the phylogenetic origins of consciousness. Paradoxically, comments on the ontogenesis of consciousness are almost nonexistent. By crossing the results of psychology of development with a philosophical analysis, this paper aims to make up for this omission. After having characterized the different conceptual aspects of consciousness, we combine these, with observations made by developmental psychologists, (...)
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  11. W. C. Clement (1955). Seeing and Hearing. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 6 (21):61-63.score: 30.0
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  12. Michèle Clément & Éric Gagnon (2013). Le comité d'éthique, la vie privée et l'intimité. Interpréter les droits des usagers. Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 8 (1):70-90.score: 30.0
    Le respect de la vie privée et de l’intimité est un droit reconnu aux usagers des services de santé et des services sociaux par différents codes d’éthique, par la Charte des droits et libertés de la personne du Québec et par la Loi sur les services de santé et les services sociaux. Pour autant, la signification que prend ce droit demeure incertaine. Il n’y a pas une signification, mais bien des significations. S’appuyant sur un important travail d’observation dans deux comités (...)
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  13. Federico D'Andrea, Ivan Dalla Rosa, Nico Anoardi & Marianne Clement (1994). Report on Work in Progress: “Towards a New Science of the Human”. World Futures 40 (4):251-260.score: 30.0
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  14. Grace Clement (2013). Animals and Moral Agency: The Recent Debate and Its Implications. Journal of Animal Ethics 3 (1):1-14.score: 30.0
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  15. Fabrice Clement, Melissa Koenig & Paul Harris (2004). The Ontogenesis of Trust. Mind and Language 19 (4):360-379.score: 30.0
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  16. T. Prabhakar Clement (2014). Authorship Matrix: A Rational Approach to Quantify Individual Contributions and Responsibilities in Multi-Author Scientific Articles. Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (2):345-361.score: 30.0
    We propose a rational method for addressing an important question—who deserves to be an author of a scientific article? We review various contentious issues associated with this question and recommend that the scientific community should view authorship in terms of contributions and responsibilities, rather than credits. We propose a new paradigm that conceptually divides a scientific article into four basic elements: ideas, work, writing, and stewardship. We employ these four fundamental elements to modify the well-known International Committee of Medical Journal (...)
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  17. Grace Clement (2011). “Pets or Meat”? Ethics and Domestic Animals. Journal of Animal Ethics 1 (1):46-57.score: 30.0
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  18. Gisèle Clément (forthcoming). Prêcher en chantant ? Rythme et prédication dans le motet Super cathedram / Presidentes / Ruina du Roman de Fauvel (Paris, BnF, fr 146). Rhuthmos.score: 30.0
    « Rythmes et Croyances au Moyen-Âge » Journée d'études organisée par Marie Formarier et Jean-Claude Schmitt 23 juin 2012 – Paris Présentation : Cette journée d'études a eu pour objectif de faire dialoguer les diverses disciplines concernées par le rapport entre rythmes et croyances au Moyen-Âge. Elle a accueilli des historiens, des anthropologues, des sociologues, des philologues et des linguistes. Présents dans la langue latine et les langues vernaculaires, dans la rhétorique du sermon, la prière et (...) - Histoire – (...)
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  19. Grace Clement (2003). What Are the Facts of the Matter? A Response to Timothy Costelloe on The Lives of Animals. Philosophical Papers 32 (2):133-139.score: 30.0
    (2003). What are the facts of the matter? A Response to Timothy Costelloe on The Lives of Animals. Philosophical Papers: Vol. 32, No. 2, pp. 133-139. doi: 10.1080/05568640309485117.
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  20. Terence Lovat & Neville Clement (2008). Quality Teaching and Values Education: Coalescing for Effective Learning. Journal of Moral Education 37 (1):1-16.score: 30.0
    Awareness of the potential of quality teaching (or teacher excellence in content, knowledge and pedagogy) to impact upon student achievement is an outcome of recent school?effectiveness research. This research has extended the understanding of the conception of ?teacher? beyond surface factual learning to that of induction into learning of intellectual depth, which engages the more sophisticated skills of ?communicative capacity? and ?self?reflection?. Habermas provides a conceptual framework for this expanded notion through the awareness that knowing extends beyond factual knowledge to (...)
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  21. Roland C. Clement (2001). On Environmental Ethics and Process Philosophy. Environmental Ethics 23 (1):111-111.score: 30.0
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  22. William C. Clement (1953). Russell's Structuralist Thesis. Philosophical Review 62 (2):266-275.score: 30.0
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  23. Bimal Kumar Sinha, Bernard Clement & Narayan C. Giri (1985). Tests for Means with Additional Information. History and Philosophy of Logic 14 (6).score: 30.0
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  24. Charles R. Clement (1998). Need and Greed on the Last Frontier Tropical Deforestation: The Human Dimension Leslie E. Sponsel Thomas N. Headland Robert C. Bailey. [REVIEW] BioScience 48 (4):321-322.score: 30.0
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  25. John J. Clement (2009). The Role of Imagistic Simulation in Scientific Thought Experiments. Topics in Cognitive Science 1 (4):686-710.score: 30.0
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  26. Grace A. Clement, Joshua M. Glasgow, Melissa M. Seymour, Doran Smolkin & Lori Watson (2005). Book Notes. [REVIEW] Ethics 115 (4):854-858.score: 30.0
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  27. Paul L. Harris, Kathleen H. Corriveau, Elisabeth S. Pasquini, Melissa Koenig, Maria Fusaro & Fabrice Clément (2012). Credulity and the Development of Selective Trust in Early Childhood. In Michael Beran, Johannes Brandl, Josef Perner & Joëlle Proust (eds.), The Foundations of Metacognition. Oxford University Press. 193.score: 30.0
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  28. Laurence Kaufmann & Fabrice Clément (2014). Wired for Society: Cognizing Pathways to Society and Culture. Topoi 33 (2):459-475.score: 30.0
    While cognitive scientists increase their tentative incursions in the social domains traditionally reserved for social scientists, most sociologists and anthropologists keep decrying those attempts as reductionist or, at least, irrelevant. In this paper, we argue that collaboration between social and cognitive sciences is necessary to understand the impact of the social environment on the shaping of our mind. More specifically, we dwell on the cognitive strategies and early-developing deontic expectations, termed naïve sociology, which enable well-adapted individuals to constitute, maintain and (...)
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  29. I. I. Watson, Damien Clement, Brandonn Harris, Thad R. Leffingwell & Jennifer Hurst (2006). Teacher-Practitioner Multiple-Role Issues in Sport Psychology. Ethics and Behavior 16 (1):41 – 59.score: 30.0
    The potential for the occurrence of multiple-role relationships is increased when professors also consult with athletic teams on their campuses. Such multiple-role relationships have potential ethical implications that are unclear and largely unexplored, and consultants may find multiple-role relationships both difficult to deal with and unavoidable. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore the nature of teacher-practitioner multiple-role relationships. Participants (N = 35) were recruited from Association for the Advancement of Applied Sport Psychology (AAASP) certified consultants (CCs) who (...)
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  30. Willard K. Clement (1900). Two Notes on the Latin Subjunctive. The Classical Review 14 (04):222-.score: 30.0
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  31. Francis Kane, Grace Clement & Mary Kane (2008). Live Kidney Donations and the Ethic of Care. Journal of Medical Humanities 29 (3):173-188.score: 30.0
    In this paper, we seek to re-conceptualize the ethical framework through which ethicists and medical professionals view the practice of live kidney donations. The ethics of organ donation has been understood primarily within the framework of individual rights and impartiality, but we show that the ethic of care captures the moral situation of live kidney donations in a more coherent and comprehensive way, and offers guidance for practitioners that is more attentive to the actual moral transactions among donors and recipients. (...)
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  32. Martin C. Birch, Richard W. Bushing, Timothy D. Paine, Stephen L. Clement, P. Dean Smith, Albert O. Paulus, Jerry Nelson, Otis Harvey, F. Shibuya & Y. Paul Puri (1977). Pheromone Traps to Suppress Populations of the Smaller European Elm Bark Beetle. In Vincent Stuart (ed.), Order. Distributed by Random House.score: 30.0
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  33. Charles R. Clement (1989). A Center of Crop Genetic Diversity in Western Amazonia. BioScience 39 (9):624-631.score: 30.0
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  34. Charles R. Clement (2000). Cultist Subversion of Scientists and Physicians. BioScience 50 (10):912.score: 30.0
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  35. Bruno Clement & David F. Bell (2005). Derrida: La Vie Et l'Oeuvre. Substance 34 (1):35-37.score: 30.0
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  36. Charles R. Clement (1991). Economic Models for Ecology. BioScience 41 (8):530-531.score: 30.0
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  37. Roland C. Clement (1987). On the Relationship of Conservation and Preservation. Environmental Ethics 9 (3):285-286.score: 30.0
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  38. Willard K. Clement (1901). Prohibitives in Terence. The Classical Review 15 (03):157-159.score: 30.0
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  39. Charles R. Clement (1994). The Human Problem. BioScience 44 (4):211-211.score: 30.0
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  40. Willard K. Clement (1899). Wait's Lysias Lysias. Ten Selected Orations. Edited with Introductions, Notes, and Appendices by William H. Wait, Ph.D., University of Michigan. New York, American Book Company. 1898. Pp. 240. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 13 (07):355-356.score: 30.0
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  41. Bruno Clément (2005). Horizons. Rue Descartes 1 (1):2-5.score: 30.0
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  42. Valérie Clément & Daniel Serra (2009). L'équité en matière de santé : qu'en pense l'opinion publique ? Une revue de l'éthique empirique dans le champ de la santé. Revue de Philosophie Économique 10 (1):55.score: 30.0
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  43. Bruno Clément (2005). La philosophie au risque de l'autobiographie. Rue Descartes 1 (1):31-44.score: 30.0
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  44. Fabrice Clément & Daniel Dukes (2013). The Role of Interest in the Transmission of Social Values. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 30.0
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  45. Olivier Clément & Patrick Madec (2006). Un outil pour la construction d'indicateurs de développement durable : la méthode Delphi. Une expérience en aquaculture. Natures Sciences Sociétés 14 (3):297-302.score: 30.0
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  46. Michel Deguy & Bruno Clément (2005). Avec. Rue Descartes 4 (4):76-95.score: 30.0
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  47. Élodie Guilbaud, Renaud Clément, Nathalie Jousset, Clotilde Rougé-Maillart & Olivier Rodat (2013). Appréciation jurisprudentielle du lien de causalité dans le contentieux Distilbène : étude comparée France vs États-Unis. Médecine Et Droit 2013 (122):160-164.score: 30.0
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  48. Robert W. Mitchell & Catherine A. Clement (1999). Simulations, Simulators, Amodality, and Abstract Terms. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (4):628-629.score: 30.0
    Barsalou's interesting model might benefit from defining simulation and clarifying the implications of prior critiques for simulations (and not just for perceptual symbols). Contrary to claims, simulators (or frames) appear, in the limit, to be amodal. In addition, the account of abstract terms seems extremely limited.
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  49. Alberte Perron, Robert Clément, David J. Roy, Lise Sauvé-Henry & Thérèse Leroux (1994). Considérations éthiques sur le congé en milieu hospitalier de courte durée. Horizons Philosophiques 4 (2):113-120.score: 30.0
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  50. C. T. Seltman, D. M. Robinson & P. A. Clement (1939). Excavations at Olynthus, Part IX: The Chalcidic Mint and the Excavation Coins Found in 1928-1934. Journal of Hellenic Studies 59:319.score: 30.0
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