Search results for 'Exchange' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Autarchic Exchange (2003). Free Exchange and Ethical Decisions. Journal of Libertarian Studies 17 (2):1-9.score: 120.0
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  2. Todd S. Mei (2009). The Preeminence of Use: Reevaluating the Relation Between Use and Exchange in Aristotle's Economic Thought. Journal of the History of Philosophy 47 (4):pp. 523-548.score: 18.0
    Aristotle’s economic thinking in the Nicomachean Ethics 5.5 and Politics 1 provides one of the earliest analyses of the economic nature exchange. Establishing the significance of Aristotle in this area has often led modern commentators to equate Aristotle’s descriptive analysis of use and exchange to the definitions of use-value and exchange-value as it is found in Karl Marx. In this article, I show that Aristotle’s understanding of use and exchange is qualitatively different from this interpretation, focusing (...)
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  3. Kanika T. Bhal & Anubha Dadhich (2011). Impact of Ethical Leadership and Leader–Member Exchange on Whistle Blowing: The Moderating Impact of the Moral Intensity of the Issue. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 103 (3):485-496.score: 18.0
    Given the prevalence of corporate frauds and the significance of whistle blowing as a mechanism to report about the frauds, the present study explores the impact of ethical leadership and leader–member exchange (LMX) on whistle blowing. Additionally, the article also explores the moderating role of the moral intensity [studied as magnitude of consequences (MOC)] of the issue on this relationship. The article reports results of three experimental studies conducted on the postgraduate students of a premier technology institute in India. (...)
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  4. Chong Ju Choi, Tarek Ibrahim Eldomiaty & Sae Won Kim (2007). Consumer Trust, Social Marketing and Ethics of Welfare Exchange. Journal of Business Ethics 74 (1):17 - 23.score: 18.0
    The global corporate scandals such as Enron, Worldcom and Global Crossing have raised fundamental issues of business ethics as well as economic, social and anthropological questions concerning the nature of business competition and global capitalism. The purpose of this conceptual paper is to introduce the concept of "welfare exchange" to the existing notions of economic, social and anthropological notions of business and exchange in markets and society in the 21st century. Global competition and business success in the 21st (...)
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  5. Stephen Chen & Chong Ju Choi (2005). A Social Exchange Perspective on Business Ethics: An Application to Knowledge Exchange. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 62 (1):1 - 11.score: 18.0
    An extensive body of literature in sociology and anthropology has shown that different societies have developed different structures for exchange of items such as goods, status and information. The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate how social exchange theory can help illuminate many of the underlying bases of different ethical perspectives in debates about social exchanges. Social exchange theory is applied to three common types of knowledge exchange – R&D joint ventures, commercial intellectual property (...) and academic exchange. Two key factors that underlie different ethical perspectives are shown to be differences in structures for social exchange and differences in views of the alienability of knowledge from its originator. (shrink)
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  6. Alison Watkins & Ronald Paul Hill (2005). The Impact of Personal and Organizational Moral Philosophies on Marketing Exchange Relationships: A Simulation Using the Prisoner's Dilemma Game. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 62 (3):253 - 265.score: 18.0
    The purpose of this research is to examine the impact of individual and firm moral philosophies on marketing exchange relationships. Personal moral philosophies range from the extreme forms of true altruists and true egoists, along with three hybrids that represent middle ground (i.e., realistic altruists, tit-for-tats, and realistic egoists). Organizational postures are defined as Ethical Paradigm, Unethical Paradigm, and Neutral Paradigm, which result in changes to personal moral philosophies and company and industry performance. The study context is a simulation (...)
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  7. Wilfred Dolfsma, Rene van der Eijk & Albert Jolink (2009). On a Source of Social Capital: Gift Exchange. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 89 (3):315 - 329.score: 18.0
    The concept of social capital helps to explain relations within and between companies but has not crystallized yet. As such, the nature, development, and effects of such relations remain elusive. How is social capital created, how is it put to use, and how is it maintained? Can it decline, and if so, how? We argue that the concept of social capital remains a black box as the mechanisms that constitute it remain underdeveloped and that it is a black hole as (...)
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  8. Adam Nguyen & Wesley Cragg (2012). Interorganizational Favour Exchange and the Relationship Between Doing Well and Doing Good. Journal of Business Ethics 105 (1):53-68.score: 18.0
    This article examines whether ethical business practice enhances financial performance with respect to interorganizational favour exchange. We argue that the link between the ethicality and economic utility of interorganizational favour exchange is governed by: (1) organizational–individual interest alignment/conflict and (2) the fairness or justifiability of favour exchanges from the perspective of third parties. We classify interorganizational (IO) favour exchange into four types (Business–Personal, Personal–Business, Personal–Personal and Business–Business favour exchange). Our analysis shows that the first three types (...)
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  9. María G. Navarro (2013). From System Exchange to Globalization. In Manfred Kohler Philipp Strobl (ed.), The Phenomenon of Globalization: a Collection of Interdisciplinary Globalization Research Essays. Peter Lang Publishing House.score: 18.0
    The objective of this paper is to analyse, from a philosophical perspective, the 16th and 17th Century models of currency, as well as their influence on the types of society in which the models developed. For this, the author values the study by the French philosopher Michael Foucault Words and Things on this matter and the principal foundations of Ludwig von Bertalanffy´s systems theory. The 17th Century model of currency is based on the notion of a system of exchange. (...)
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  10. Dan S. Chiaburu, Gonzalo J. Muñoz & Richard G. Gardner (2013). How to Spot a Careerist Early On: Psychopathy and Exchange Ideology as Predictors of Careerism. Journal of Business Ethics 118 (3):473-486.score: 18.0
    Careerism refers to an individual’s propensity to achieve their personal and career goals through nonperformance-based activities (Feldman, The Indus Org Psychol 39–44, 1985). We investigated the role of several dispositional predictors of careerism, including Five-factor model (FFM) personality traits, primary psychopathy, and exchange ideology. Based on data from 131 respondents, as expected, we observed that emotional stability was negatively correlated with careerism. Primary psychopathy and exchange ideology explained additional variance in careerism after accounting for FFM traits. Relative importance (...)
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  11. S. Duane Hansen, Bradley J. Alge, Michael E. Brown, Christine L. Jackson & Benjamin B. Dunford (2013). Ethical Leadership: Assessing the Value of a Multifoci Social Exchange Perspective. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 115 (3):435-449.score: 18.0
    In this study, we comprehensively examine the relationships between ethical leadership, social exchange, and employee commitment. We find that organizational and supervisory ethical leadership are positively related to employee commitment to the organization and supervisor, respectively. We also find that different types of social exchange relationships mediate these relationships. Our results suggest that the application of a multifoci social exchange perspective to the context of ethical leadership is indeed useful: As hypothesized, within-foci effects (e.g., the relationship between (...)
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  12. Takuma Kimura (2013). The Moderating Effects of Political Skill and Leader–Member Exchange on the Relationship Between Organizational Politics and Affective Commitment. Journal of Business Ethics 116 (3):587-599.score: 18.0
    Previous empirical studies have shown that perceptions of organizational politics are negatively related to individuals’ affective commitment. The key contribution of this study was that it found the interactive moderating effects of political skill and quality of leader–member exchange (LMX) on the relationship between perceptions of organizational politics and affective commitment. Our results indicated that politics perception affective commitment relationship was weaker when both political skill and quality of LMX are high. When only political skill is high and the (...)
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  13. P. Marijn Poortvliet, Frederik Anseel, Onne Janssen, Nico W. Van Yperen & Evert Van de Vliert (2012). Perverse Effects of Other-Referenced Performance Goals in an Information Exchange Context. Journal of Business Ethics 106 (4):401-414.score: 18.0
    We argue and demonstrate that an emphasis on outperforming others may lead to perverse effects. Four studies show that assigning other-referenced performance goals, relative to self-referenced mastery goals, may lead to more interpersonally harmful behavior in an information exchange context. Results of Study 1 indicate that assigned performance goals lead to stronger thwarting behavior and less accurate information giving to an exchange partner than assigned mastery goals. Similarly, in Study 2 performance goal individuals more subtly deceived highly competent (...)
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  14. Daivis Švirinas (2012). The Assessment of Information Exchange Agreements Between Competitors from the Perspective of Competition Law of the EU and of the Republic of Lithuania. Jurisprudence 19 (1):87-119.score: 18.0
    The article analyses information exchange agreements between competitors. The article aims to reveal the cases where the exchange of information between competitors might be considered as a prohibited agreement, violating Article 101 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union or Article 5 of the Law of the Republic of Lithuania on Competition. The article analyses the legal nature of the information exchange agreements between competitors, with utmost regard to the criteria, according to which an (...)
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  15. Thomas Bugnyar, Claudia A. F. Wascher & Valerie Dufour (2012). Carrion Crows Cannot Overcome Impulsive Choice in a Quantitative Exchange Task. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 18.0
    The ability to control an immediate impulse for a future, more preferred outcome has long been thought to be a uniquely human feature. However, studies on non-human primates revealed that some monkeys and apes are capable of enduring delays to get a more preferred food and/or more food of the same kind. Recently two corvid species, the common raven (Corvus corax) and carrion crow (Corvus corone corone), exchanged food for a better quality reward, whereas they seemed to have difficulties to (...)
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  16. Julie Ingram (2008). Agronomist–Farmer Knowledge Encounters: An Analysis of Knowledge Exchange in the Context of Best Management Practices in England. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 25 (3):405-418.score: 18.0
    This paper explores how knowledge is exchanged between agricultural advisors and farmers in the context of sustainable farming practices in England. Specifically the paper examines the nature of the knowledge exchange at the encounters between one group of advisors, agronomists, and farmers. The promotion of best management practices, which are central to the implementation of sustainable agricultural policies in England, provide the empirical context for this study. The paper uses the notion of expert and facilitative approaches as a conceptual (...)
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  17. Mathias Osvath & Tomas Persson (2013). Great Apes Can Defer Exchange: A Replication with Different Results Suggesting Future Oriented Behavior. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 18.0
    The topic of cognitive foresight in non-human animals has received considerable attention in the last decade. The main questions concern whether the animals can prepare for upcoming situations which are, to various degrees, contextually or sensorially detached from the situation in which the preparations are made. Studies on great apes have focused on tool-related tasks, e.g. the ability to select a tool which is functional only in the future. Dufour and Sterck (2008), however, investigated whether chimpanzees were also able to (...)
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  18. Michael Scott & Alexander Scott (2004). Infinite Exchange Problems. Theory and Decision 57 (4):397-406.score: 18.0
    This paper considers a range of infinite exchange problems, including one recent example discussed by Barrett and Arntzenius, and propose a general taxonomy based on cardinality considerations and the possibility of identifying and tracking the units of exchange.
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  19. Michael Shute (2011). The Original Construction of Lonergan's Exchange Structure Model. Journal of Macrodynamic Analysis 5:69-93.score: 18.0
    An interpretation of Bernard Lonergan's argument for the Exchange Structure Model as it was originally constructed in "For a New Political Economy." The text reveals the steps whereby Lonergan established a fully dynamic foundation for macroeconomics. The author argues that Lonergan's two-circuit approach offers a paradigm shift in the procedures of economic modeling.
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  20. P. Marijn Poortvliet, Frederik Anseel, Onne Janssen, Nico W. Yperen & Evert Vliert (2012). Perverse Effects of Other-Referenced Performance Goals in an Information Exchange Context. Journal of Business Ethics 106 (4):401-414.score: 18.0
    We argue and demonstrate that an emphasis on outperforming others may lead to perverse effects. Four studies show that assigning other-referenced performance goals, relative to self-referenced mastery goals, may lead to more interpersonally harmful behavior in an information exchange context. Results of Study 1 indicate that assigned performance goals lead to stronger thwarting behavior and less accurate information giving to an exchange partner than assigned mastery goals. Similarly, in Study 2 performance goal individuals more subtly deceived highly competent (...)
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  21. William O. Shropshire (2003). An Economic Approach to the Evolution of Male-Female Exchange. Human Nature 14 (3):235-266.score: 18.0
    Males and females of a number of animal species divide labor and provide jointly for offspring. Males may provide food, for example, while females protect defenseless young. This exchange is unlikely, however, unless a prior partnership has been established in which a female practices fidelity in exchange for a male’s provisioning activity. The formation of the trading partnership is itself an exchange, and economic theory can help explain when and why there are mutual gains from trading fidelity (...)
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  22. Hannes Zacher, Liane K. Pearce, David Rooney & Bernard McKenna (2013). Leaders' Personal Wisdom and Leader-Member Exchange Quality: The Role of Individualized Consideration. Journal of Business Ethics:1-17.score: 18.0
    Business scholars have recently proposed that the virtue of personal wisdom may predict leadership behaviors and the quality of leader–follower relationships. This study investigated relationships among leaders’ personal wisdom—defined as the integration of advanced cognitive, reflective, and affective personality characteristics (Ardelt, Hum Dev 47:257–285, 2004)—transformational leadership behaviors, and leader–member exchange (LMX) quality. It was hypothesized that leaders’ personal wisdom positively predicts LMX quality and that intellectual stimulation and individualized consideration, two dimensions of transformational leadership, mediate this relationship. Data came (...)
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  23. Alena V. Ledeneva (1998). Russia's Economy of Favours: Blat, Networking, and Informal Exchange. Cambridge University Press.score: 16.0
    The word blat refers to the system of informal contacts and personal networks which was used to obtain goods and services under the rationing which characterised Soviet Russia. Alena Ledeneva's book is the first to analyse blat in all its historical, socio-economic and cultural aspects, and to explore its implications for post-Soviet society. In a socialist distribution system which resulted in constant shortages, blat developed into an 'economy of favours' which shadowed an overcontrolling centre and represented the reaction of ordinary (...)
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  24. Carl Ackermann & Tim Loughran (2007). Mutual Fund Incubation and the Role of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Journal of Business Ethics 70 (1):33 - 37.score: 15.0
    A mutual fund family incubates a fund when it creates a privately subsidized fund not available to the general investing public. It destroys unsuccessful incubator funds. The few successful funds will report higher incubation returns than the market return in advertisements intended to attract money from individual investors. This practice is currently allowed by the SEC. The evidence is that incubation returns are not a good predictor of subsequent fund performance and likely serve to mislead unsuspecting investors.
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  25. Danielle E. Warren, Thomas W. Dunfee & Naihe Li (2004). Social Exchange in China: The Double-Edged Sword of Guanxi. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 55 (4):355 - 372.score: 15.0
    We present two studies that examine the effects of guanxi on multiple social groups from the perspective of Chinese business people. Study 1 (N = 203) tests the difference in perceived effects of six guanxi contextualizations. Study 2 (N = 195) examines the duality of guanxi as either helpful or harmful to social groups, depending on the contextualization. Findings suggest guanxi may result in positive as well as negative outcomes for focal actors and the aggregate.
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  26. Qinxuan Gu, Thomas Li-Ping Tang & Wan Jiang (forthcoming). Does Moral Leadership Enhance Employee Creativity? Employee Identification with Leader and Leader–Member Exchange (LMX) in the Chinese Context. Journal of Business Ethics.score: 15.0
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  27. Mustafa Ozkaynak & Patricia Flatley Brennan (2013). Revisiting Sociotechnical Systems in a Case of Unreported Use of Health Information Exchange System in Three Hospital Emergency Departments. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (2):370-373.score: 15.0
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  28. Tomas Philipson (1992). The Exchange and Allocation of Decision Power. Theory and Decision 33 (3):191-206.score: 15.0
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  29. Christian Postert (2012). Emotion in Exchange: Situating Hmong Depressed Mood in Social Context. Ethos 40 (4):453-475.score: 15.0
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  30. Erika L. Abramson, Sandra McGinnis, Alison Edwards, Dayna M. Maniccia, Jean Moore & Rainu Kaushal (2012). Electronic Health Record Adoption and Health Information Exchange Among Hospitals in New York State. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (6):1156-1162.score: 15.0
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  31. Iveta Eimontaite, Antoinette Nicolle, Igor Schindler & Vinod Goel (2013). The Effect of Partner-Directed Emotion in Social Exchange Decision-Making. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 15.0
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  32. Mathias Karth & Joachim Peinke (2002). Stochastic Modeling of Fat‐Tailed Probabilities of Foreign Exchange Rates. Complexity 8 (2):34-42.score: 15.0
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  33. Barry Smith & John Searle (2003). The Construction of Social Reality: An Exchange. American Journal of Economics and Sociology 62 (2):285-309.score: 12.0
    Part 1 of this exchange consists in a critique by Smith of Searle’s The Construction of Social Reality focusing on Searle’s use of the formula ‘X counts as Y in context C’. Smith argues that this formula works well for social objects such as dollar bills and presidents where the corresponding X terms (pieces of paper, human beings) are easy to identify. In cases such as debts and prices and money in a banks computers, however, the formula fails, because (...)
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  34. Nick Huggett & Tiziana Vistarini, Entanglement Exchange and Bohmian Mechanics.score: 12.0
    This paper analyses the phenomenon of entanglement exchange in Bohm's pilot wave interpretation of quantum mechanics. The interesting feature of the phenomenon is that systems become entangled without causal interaction; hence it is a useful situation for investigating the unique nature of interaction in Bohmian mechanics. The first two sections introduce, respectively, entanglement exchange in the standard interpretation of quantum mechanics, and the basic principles of Bohmian mechanics. The next section shows that the Bohmian interpretation makes the same (...)
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  35. Peter Coghlan & Nick Trakakis (2006). Confronting the Horror of Natural Evil: An Exchange Between Peter Coghlan and Nick Trakakis. Sophia 45 (2):5-26.score: 12.0
    In this exchange, Peter Coghlan and Nick Trakakis discuss the problem of natural evil in the light of the recent Asian tsunami disaster. The exchange begins with an extract from a newspaper article written by Coghlan on the tsunami, followed by three rounds of replies and counter-replies, and ending with some final comments from Trakakis. While critical of any attempt to show that human life is good overall despite its natural evils, Coghlan argues that instances of natural evil, (...)
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  36. Margaret Gilbert (1993). Is an Agreement an Exchange of Promises? Journal of Philosophy 60 (12):627-649.score: 12.0
    This paper challenges the common assumption that an agreement is an exchange of promises. Proposing that the performance obligations of some typical agreements are simultaneous, interdependent, and unconditional, it argues that no promise-exchange has this structure of obligations. In addition to offering general considerations in support of this claim, it examines various types of promise-exchange, showing that none satisfy the criteria noted. Two forms of conditional promise are distinguished and both forms are discussed. A positive account of (...)
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  37. Seyla Benhabib (ed.) (1995). Feminist Contentions: A Philosophical Exchange. Routledge.score: 12.0
    This unique volume presents a debate between four of the top feminist theorists in the US today, discussing the key questions facing contemporary feminist theory, responding to each other, and distinguishing their views from others.
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  38. Govert den Hartogh (2010). Trading with the Waiting-List: The Justice of Living Donor List Exchange. Bioethics 24 (4):190-198.score: 12.0
    In a Living Donor List Exchange program, the donor makes his kidney available for allocation to patients on the postmortal waiting-list and receives in exchange a postmortal kidney, usually an O-kidney, to be given to the recipient he favours. The program can be a solution for a candidate donor who is unable to donate directly or to participate in a paired kidney exchange because of blood group incompatibility or a positive cross-match. Each donation within an LDLE program (...)
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  39. Ulrich Krause & Rainer Hegselmann (2009). Deliberative Exchange, Truth, and Cognitive Division of Labour: A Low-Resolution Modeling Approach. Episteme 6 (2):130-144.score: 12.0
    This paper develops a formal framework to model a process in which the formation of individual opinions is embedded in a deliberative exchange with others. The paper opts for a low-resolution modeling approach and abstracts away from most of the details of the social-epistemic process. Taking a bird's eye view allows us to analyze the chances for the truth to be found and broadly accepted under conditions of cognitive division of labour combined with a social exchange process. Cognitive (...)
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  40. D. A. Borman (2009). Labour, Exchange and Recognition: Marx Contra Honneth. Philosophy and Social Criticism 35 (8):935-959.score: 12.0
    This article explores Marx’s contention that the achievement of full personhood and, not just consequently, but simultaneously, of genuine intersubjectivity depends upon the attainment of recognition for one’s place in the social division of labour, recognition which is systematically denied to some individuals and groups of individuals through the capitalist organization of production and exchange. This reading is then employed in a critique of Axel Honneth’s theory of recognition which, it is argued, cannot account for the systematic obstacles faced (...)
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  41. Nina Gierasimczuk & Jakub Szymanik (2011). Invariance Properties of Quantifiers and Multiagent Information Exchange. In M. Kanazawa (ed.), Proceedings of the 12th Meeting on Mathematics of Language, Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 6878. Springer.score: 12.0
    The paper presents two case studies of multi-agent information exchange involving generalized quantifiers. We focus on scenarios in which agents successfully converge to knowledge on the basis of the information about the knowledge of others, so-called Muddy Children puzzle and Top Hat puzzle. We investigate the relationship between certain invariance properties of quantifiers and the successful convergence to knowledge in such situations. We generalize the scenarios to account for public announcements with arbitrary quantifiers. We show that the Muddy Children (...)
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  42. Raymond S. Nickerson & Susan F. Butler (2011). Keep or Trade? An Experimental Study of the Exchange Paradox. Thinking and Reasoning 14 (4):365-394.score: 12.0
    The “exchange paradox”—also referred to in the literature by a variety of other names, notably the “two-envelopes problem”—is notoriously difficult, and experts are not all agreed as to its resolution. Some of the various expressions of the problem are open to more than one interpretation; some are stated in such a way that assumptions are required in order to fill in missing information that is essential to any resolution. In three experiments several versions of the problem were used, in (...)
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  43. Raymond S. Nickerson & Ruma Falk (2006). The Exchange Paradox: Probabilistic and Cognitive Analysis of a Psychological Conundrum. Thinking and Reasoning 12 (2):181 – 213.score: 12.0
    The term “exchange paradox” refers to a situation in which it appears to be advantageous for each of two holders of an envelope containing some amount of money to always exchange his or her envelope for that of the other individual, which they know contains either half or twice their own amount. We review several versions of the problem and show that resolving the paradox depends on the specifics of the situation, which must be disambiguated, and on the (...)
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  44. Aaron Panofsky (2011). Field Analysis and Interdisciplinary Science: Scientific Capital Exchange in Behavior Genetics. Minerva 49 (3):295-316.score: 12.0
    This paper uses Pierre Bourdieu’s field theory to develop tools for analyzing interdisciplinary scientific fields. Interdisciplinary fields are scientific spaces where no single form of scientific capital has a monopoly and therefore multiple forms of scientific capital constitute the structures and stakes of scientific competition. Scientists compete to accumulate and define forms of scientific capital and also to set the rates of exchange between them. The paper illustrates this framework by applying it to the interdisciplinary field of behavior genetics. (...)
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  45. Vern Baxter & A. V. Margavio (2000). Honor, Status, and Aggression in Economic Exchange. Sociological Theory 18 (3):399-416.score: 12.0
    The concept of honor links reputation and self-esteem with interaction in social groups and provides a promising way to approach questions about the release of aggression in economic exchange. While the internalization of conventional honor codes offers the hope of peaceful, if not just, exchange, competing codes of honor coexist within various aspects of the self and among members of various status groups. When a person's sense of individual or group honor is repeatedly violated in economic interaction, the (...)
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  46. Richard A. Bernardi & Catherine C. LaCross (2010). International Website Disclosure of Codes of Ethics: Auditor-Specific and Stock-Exchange-Listing Differences. Business Ethics 19 (2):113-125.score: 12.0
    This research examines whether having a readily available code of ethics on a corporation's website associates with either their auditor or stock exchange listing. As such, it is the first research that studies the association among readily available codes of ethics, client auditor and stock exchange listing on a longitudinal basis. In our data gathering, we went to the website of each corporation and searched for a readily available disclosure of its code of ethics at the beginning of (...)
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  47. Richard Lee Miller (1988). Ethical Challenges in Corporate-Shareholder and Investor Relations: Using the Value Exchange Model to Analyze and Respond. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 7 (1-2):117 - 132.score: 12.0
    Shareholder and investor relations, and the closely related area of corporate governance have been the arenas of much dispute, much of which has not been confined to practical financial matters. Ethical challenges have come as well from persons and groups with widely differing value systems. This paper presents the Corporate Value Exchange Model (CVE) as a framework for analyzing the corporate-shareholder and corporate-investor relationships, and for formulating decisions that can respond ethically to these groups without subordinating the interests of (...)
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  48. Mario Piazza (2001). Exchange Rules. Journal of Symbolic Logic 66 (2):509-516.score: 12.0
    In this paper, we show by a proof-theoretical argument that in a logic without structural rules, that is in noncommutative linear logic with exponentials, every formula A for which exchange rules (and weakening and contraction as well) are admissible is provably equivalent to ?A. This property shows that the expressive power of "noncommutative exponentials" is much more important than that of "commutative exponentials".
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  49. Nick Trakakis (2006). Confronting the Horror of Natural Evil: An Exchange Between Peter Coghlan and Nick Trakakis. [REVIEW] Sophia 45 (2):5-26.score: 12.0
    In this exchange, Peter Coghlan and Nick Trakakis discuss the problem of natural evil in the light of the recent Asian tsunami disaster. The exchange begins with an extract from a newspaper article written by Coghlan on the tsunami, followed by three rounds of replies and counter-replies, and ending with some final comments from Trakakis. While critical of any attempt to show that human life is good overall despite its natural evils, Coghlan argues that instances of natural evil, (...)
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  50. Joe Mintoff (2004). Is an Agreement an Exchange of Intentions? Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 85 (1):44–67.score: 12.0
    Margaret Gilbert has argued that an agreement is not exchange of promises, since no such exchange plays all the roles she claims are distinctive of agreements. After briefly discussing the notion of intention and the principles governing intentions, I argue that a certain type of exchange of intentions — in which one person forms a conditional intention to act if the other does, and the other forms an unconditional intention to act on the presumption that the first (...)
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