Search results for 'Execution' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Arbitrary Execution (forthcoming). Human Rights in Saddam's Iraq: The Violent Coercion and Repression of the Iraqi People. Human Rights Review.score: 20.0
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  2. David M. Adams (forthcoming). Belief and Death: Capital Punishment and the Competence-for-Execution Requirement. Criminal Law and Philosophy:1-14.score: 18.0
    A curious and comparatively neglected element of death penalty jurisprudence in America is my target in this paper. That element concerns the circumstances under which severely mentally disabled persons, incarcerated on death row, may have their sentences carried out. Those circumstances are expressed in a part of the law which turns out to be indefensible. This legal doctrine—competence-for-execution (CFE)—holds that a condemned, death-row inmate may not be killed if, at the time of his scheduled execution, he lacks an (...)
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  3. Martin Roth (2005). Program Execution in Connectionist Networks. Mind and Language 20 (4):448-467.score: 16.0
    Recently, connectionist models have been developed that seem to exhibit structuresensitive cognitive capacities without executing a program. This paper examines one such model and argues that it does execute a program. The argument proceeds by showing that what is essential to running a program is preserving the functional structure of the program. It has generally been assumed that this can only be done by systems possessing a certain temporalcausal organization. However, counterfactualpreserving functional architecture can be instantiated in other ways, for (...)
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  4. Jukka Varelius (2007). Execution by Lethal Injection, Euthanasia, Organ-Donation and the Proper Goals of Medicine. Bioethics 21 (3):140–149.score: 15.0
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  5. Kentaro Yamanaka, Hiroshi Kadota & Daichi Nozaki (2013). Long-Latency TMS-Evoked Potentials During Motor Execution and Inhibition. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 15.0
  6. B. Sharon Byrd (1989). Kant's Theory of Punishment: Deterrence in its Threat, Retribution in its Execution. [REVIEW] Law and Philosophy 8 (2):151 - 200.score: 12.0
    Kant's theory of punishment is commonly regarded as purely retributive in nature, and indeed much of his discourse seems to support that interpretation. Still, it leaves one with certain misgivings regarding the internal consistency of his position. Perhaps the problem lies not in Kant's inconsistency nor in the senility sometimes claimed to be apparent in the Metaphysic of Morals, but rather in a superimposed, modern yet monistic view of punishment. Historical considerations tend to show that Kant was discussing not one, (...)
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  7. Elizabeth Rapaport, Equality of the Damned: The Execution of Women on the Cusp of the 21st Century.score: 12.0
    This article explores why women are rarely executed and examines the execution of four women in the Post-Furman Era, focusing on the execution of Karla Faye Tucker.
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  8. Stephen Greenspan & Harvey N. Switzky (2003). Execution Exemption Should Be Based on Actual Vulnerability, Not Disability Label. Ethics and Behavior 13 (1):19 – 26.score: 12.0
    Mental retardation (MR) is an invented bureaucratic category, currently undergoing radical rethinking and likely renaming, that includes many who have biologically based brain disorders, but is itself determined on functional criteria (e.g., IQ below a certain level) that are purely arbitrary. People with MR are socially vulnerable and thus are more likely to be "naíve confessors", "naíve defendants", and "naíve offenders." That is most likely the (largely unarticulated) rationale and justification for the Supreme Court's decision, in Atkins v. Virginia (2002), (...)
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  9. John Kearns (1999). An Illocutionary Logical Explanation of the Surprise Execution. History and Philosophy of Logic 20 (3-4):195-213.score: 12.0
    This paper further develops the system of illocutionary logic presented in ?Propositional logic of supposition and assertion? (Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 1997, 38, 325-349) to accommodate an ?I believe that? operator and resolve Moore's Paradox. This resolution is accomplished by providing both a truth-conditional and a commitment-based semantics. An important feature of the logical system is that the correctness of some arguments depends on who it is that makes the argument. The paper then shows that the logical system (...)
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  10. Gert Pfurtscheller, Teodoro Solis Escalante, Robert J. Barry, Daniela Sabine Klobassa, Christa Neuper & Gernot Mueller-Putz (2013). Brisk Heart Rate and EEG Changes During Execution and Withholding of Cue-Paced Foot Motor Imagery. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 12.0
    Cue-paced motor imagery is a frequently used mental strategy to realize a Brain-Computer Interace (BCI). Recently it has been reported that 2 motor imagery tasks can be separated with a high accuracy within the first second after cue presentation onset. To investigate this phenomenon in detail we studied the dynamics of motor cortex beta oscillations in EEG and the changes in heart rate (HR) during visual cue-paced foot imagery using a go (execution of imagery) versus nogo (withholding of imagery) (...)
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  11. Luka Burazin (2013). Reply to Criticisms of the (Means of) Execution Thesis as a Kind of Legal Sanction. Archiv Fuer Rechts- Und Sozialphilosphie 99 (1):68-76.score: 12.0
    The paper first outlines the thesis on (the means of) execution as a kind of legal sanction (esp. in the case of causing damage). It then sets out the basic theoretical arguments for rejecting the viewpoint according to which the duty of repair represents a sanction in the case of causing damage. The paper goes on to present the viewpoints of several legal philosophers (Bucher, MacCormick, Padjen, Pokrovac) who raised objections to the thesis on (the means of) execution. (...)
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  12. Georgiana Juravle, Francis McGlone & Charles Spence (2013). Context-Dependent Changes in Tactile Perception During Movement Execution. Frontiers in Psychology 4:913.score: 12.0
    Tactile perception is inhibited during movement execution, a phenomenon known as tactile suppression. Here, we investigated whether the type of movement determines whether or not this form of sensory suppression occurs. Participants performed simple reaching or exploratory movements. Tactile discrimination thresholds were calculated for vibratory stimuli delivered to participants’ wrists while executing the movement, and while at rest (a tactile discrimination task, TD). We also measured discrimination performance in a same vs. different task for the explored materials during the (...)
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  13. Wessel O. van Dam, Shirley-Ann Rueschemeyer, Harold Bekkering & Oliver Lindemann (forthcoming). Embodied Grounding of Memory: Toward the Effects of Motor Execution on Memory Consolidation. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology.score: 12.0
    Behavioural and neuroscientific research has provided evidence for a strong functional link between the neural motor system and lexical?semantic processing of action-related language. It remains unclear, however, whether the impact of motor actions is restricted to online language comprehension or whether sensorimotor codes are also important in the formation and consolidation of persisting memory representations of the word's referents. The current study now demonstrates that recognition performance for action words is modulated by motor actions performed during the retention interval. Specifically, (...)
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  14. Thomas C. Brickhouse & Nicholas D. Smith (eds.) (2002). The Trial and Execution of Socrates: Sources and Controversies. Oxford University Press.score: 12.0
    Socrates is one of the most important yet enigmatic philosophers of all time; his fame has endured for centuries despite the fact that he never actually wrote anything. In 399 B.C.E., he was tried on the charge of impiety by the citizens of Athens, convicted by a jury, and sentenced to death (ordered to drink poison derived from hemlock). About these facts there is no disagreement. However, as the sources collected in this book and the scholarly essays that follow them (...)
     
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  15. Egidijus Jarašiūnas (2012). Qualitative and Quantitative Parameters of the Execution of Foreign Policy in the Lithuanian Constitution. Jurisprudence 19 (3):923-953.score: 12.0
    The present article analyses the qualitative and quantitative parameters of the execution of foreign policy in the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania. It should be noted that the matters of foreign policy were on the brink of constitutional regulation for a long time. The powers of institutions of the state in the field of foreign relations were established laconically by the Constitutions of first and second “waves” of establishment of constitutionalism. It was argued that the choices of decisions (...)
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  16. Yves Paulignan Mathilde Ménoret, Aurore Curie, Vincent des Portes, Tatjana A. Nazir (2013). Motor Resonance Facilitates Movement Execution: An ERP and Kinematic Study. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 12.0
    Action observation, simulation and execution share neural mechanisms that allow for a common motor representation. It is known that when these overlapping mechanisms are simultaneously activated by action observation and execution, motor performance is influenced by observation and vice versa. To understand the neural dynamics underlying this influence and to measure how variations in brain activity impact the precise kinematics of motor behaviour, we coupled kinematics and electrophysiological recordings of participants while they performed and observed congruent or non-congruent (...)
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  17. Atul Gawande, Deborah W. Denno, Robert D. Truog & David Waisel, Physicians and Execution: Highlights From a Discussion of Lethal Injection.score: 10.0
    This article constitutes excerpts of a videotaped discussion hosted by the New England Journal of Medicine on January 14, 2008, concerning a range of topics on lethal injection prompted by the United States Supreme Court's January 7 oral arguments in Baze v. Rees. Dr. Atul Gawande moderated the roundtable that included two anesthesiologists - Dr. Robert Truog and Dr. David Waisel - as well as law professor Deborah Denno. The discussion focused on the drugs used in lethal injection executions, whether (...)
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  18. Christoph Lumer (2013). The Volitive and the Executive Function of Intentions. Philosophical Studies 166 (3):511-527.score: 10.0
    Many philosophers of action, including Bratman and Mele, conceive intentions functionally, as executive states: intentions are mental states that represent an action and tend to cause this action. In the philosophical tradition (e.g. for Aristotle, Thomas Aquinas, Leibniz, Kant) another function of intentions, which may be called “volitive”, played a much more prominent role: intentions are mental states that represent what kind of actions we want and prefer to be realised and thus, in a possibly rational way, synthesise our motivational, (...)
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  19. Michael L. Gross (2006). Assassination and Targeted Killing: Law Enforcement, Execution or Self-Defence? Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (3):323–335.score: 9.0
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  20. Nir Fresco (2011). Concrete Digital Computation: What Does It Take for a Physical System to Compute? [REVIEW] Journal of Logic, Language and Information 20 (4):513-537.score: 9.0
    This paper deals with the question: what are the key requirements for a physical system to perform digital computation? Time and again cognitive scientists are quick to employ the notion of computation simpliciter when asserting basically that cognitive activities are computational. They employ this notion as if there was or is a consensus on just what it takes for a physical system to perform computation, and in particular digital computation. Some cognitive scientists in referring to digital computation simply adhere to (...)
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  21. Miriam Griffin (1998). Sallust on Catiline A. Drummond: Law, Politics and Power. Sallust and the Execution of the Catilinarian Conspirators. (Historia Einzelschriften, 93.) Pp. 136. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner, 1995. Paper, DM/Sw. Frs. 64.00/öS 499. ISBN: 3-515-06741-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 48 (01):48-49.score: 9.0
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  22. Peter Murphy (2011). Would Donation Undercut the Morality of Execution? American Journal of Bioethics 11 (10):13 - 14.score: 9.0
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 10, Page 13-14, October 2011.
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  23. Robert H. Battalio & Tim Loughran (2008). Does Payment for Order Flow to Your Broker Help or Hurt You? Journal of Business Ethics 80 (1):37 - 44.score: 9.0
    The presumption is that a broker executing a stock trade for a retail investor will get the investor the best possible price execution for the transaction. In fact, the broker often sells the retail investor’s trade to an intermediary for cash payment. The broker’s motivation to generate dealer profits seems to overcome the broker’s fiduciary responsibility to obtain the best execution price for the customer, raising ethical questions. Purchasers and internalizers of order flow in the market may cause (...)
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  24. Courtney Hillebrecht (2012). Implementing International Human Rights Law at Home: Domestic Politics and the European Court of Human Rights. Human Rights Review 13 (3):279-301.score: 9.0
    The European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) boasts one of the strongest oversight systems in international human rights law, but implementing the ECtHR’s rulings is an inherently domestic and political process. This article begins to bridge the gap between the Court in Strasbourg and the domestic process of implementing the Court’s rulings by looking at the domestic institutions and politics that surround the execution of the ECtHR’s judgments. Using case studies from the UK and Russia, this article identifies two (...)
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  25. Erik Carlson (1995). Brink's and Pietroski's Obligation Execution Principle. Analysis 55 (4):275 - 279.score: 9.0
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  26. Bruce Marshall (1985). Catilina and the Execution of M. Marius Gratidianus. Classical Quarterly 35 (01):124-.score: 9.0
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  27. Samuel T. Morison (2007). Austin Sarat, Mercy on Trial: What It Means to Stop an Execution. Criminal Law and Philosophy 1 (3):327-331.score: 9.0
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  28. J. E. H. Smith (2002). The Trial and Execution of Socrates. Teaching Philosophy 25 (4):391-394.score: 9.0
  29. N. Dounskaia & G. E. Stelmach (2001). Movement Planning and Movement Execution: What is in Between? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):41-42.score: 9.0
    Although the model proposed by Thelen and co-authors provides a detailed explanation for the processes underlying reaching, many aspects of it are highly speculative. One of the reasons for this is our lack of knowledge about transformation of a hand movement plan into joint movements. The leading joint hypothesis (LJH) allows us to partially fill in this gap. The LJH offers a possible explanation for the formation of movement and how it may be represented in memory. Our explanation converges with (...)
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  30. M. Griffin (1998). Law, Politics and Power, Sallust and the Execution of the Catilinarian Conspirators. A Drummond. The Classical Review 48 (1):48-49.score: 9.0
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  31. Erland Hjelmquist (forthcoming). Planning and Execution of Discourse in Conversation. Communication and Cognition.score: 9.0
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  32. Nicholas S. Thompson (1999). High Purpose, Low Execution. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):910-911.score: 9.0
    In reasserting the primacy of the individual in biological analysis, Rose directs attention away from the crucial insights of the developmental/structuralist perspective that he advocates. In presenting his advocacy as a diatribe, he brings disrespect down upon that very tradition.
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  33. Bruce N. Waller (1989). From Hemlock to Lethai Injection: The Case for Self-Execution. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 4 (4):53-58.score: 9.0
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  34. David M. Adams (forthcoming). Medical Ethics and Competence for Execution. Journal of Clinical Ethics.score: 9.0
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  35. Alain Dandrau (2001). La peinture murale minoenne, III. Méthodes et techniques d'exécution. Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 125 (1):41-66.score: 9.0
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  36. Louis E. Fenech (forthcoming). Martyrdom and the Execution of Guru Arjan in Early Sikh Sources. Journal of the American Oriental Society.score: 9.0
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  37. Richard Joseph Golsan (2000). The Collaborator: The Trial and Execution of Robert Brasillach (Review). Substance 29 (3):142-146.score: 9.0
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  38. Dongoo Kim (2013). Alice Y. Kaplan. The Collaborator: The Trial and Execution of Robert Brasillach. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2000. 308 Pp. ISBN: 0-226-42414-6. [REVIEW] Constellations 4 (2).score: 9.0
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  39. Bronwen Lichtenstein (2013). Beyond Abu Ghraib: The 2010 APA Ethics Code Standard 1.02 and Competency for Execution Evaluations. Ethics and Behavior 23 (1):67-70.score: 9.0
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  40. Bowers Megan, Ruth M. Pickering & Mark Weatherall (2012). Design, Objectives, Execution and Reporting of Published Open‐Label Extension Studies. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (2):209-215.score: 9.0
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  41. Willie Watts Miller (1993). Iconocide: The Case of the Trial and Execution of Louis XVI. Cogito 7 (1):10-18.score: 9.0
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  42. Per Nyblom (forthcoming). Handling Uncertainty by Interleaving Cost-Aware Classical Planning with Execution. Swedish Ai Society Workshop.score: 9.0
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  43. P. A. Roche (2003). The Execution of L. Salvius Otho Cocceianus. Classical Quarterly 53 (1):319-322.score: 9.0
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  44. Vincent J. Rosivach (forthcoming). Execution by Stoning in Athens. Classical Antiquity.score: 9.0
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  45. Detlef Thiel (2008). La philosophie dans l'exécution littéraire. Un projet d'édition nouveau. Synthesis Philosophica 22 (2):513-521.score: 9.0
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  46. J. M. Appel (2005). Wanted Dead or Alive? Kidney Transplantation in Inmates Awaiting Execution. Journal of Clinical Ethics 16 (1):58.score: 9.0
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  47. Bernard J. Armada (2010). Memory's Execution : (Dis)Placing the Dissident Body. In Greg Dickinson, Carole Blair & Brian L. Ott (eds.), Places of Public Memory: The Rhetoric of Museums and Memorials. University of Alabama Press.score: 9.0
     
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  48. Francoise Caromel Baude & Mario Quilici Leyton (2006). Grid Computing, High Performance and Distributed Applications (GADA) 2006 International Conference-Grid File Transfer-Grid File Transfer During Deployment, Execution, and Retrieval. In O. Stock & M. Schaerf (eds.), Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer-Verlag. 1191-1202.score: 9.0
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  49. Simona Buetti, Elsa Juan, Mike Rinck & Dirk Kerzel (2012). Affective States Leak Into Movement Execution: Automatic Avoidance of Threatening Stimuli in Fear of Spider is Visible in Reach Trajectories. Cognition and Emotion 26 (7):1176-1188.score: 9.0
  50. Ovidiu Drăgan (2008). Textural Structure and Manner of Execution in Sacred Choral Music. Linguistic and Philosophical Investigations 7.score: 9.0
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