Search results for 'Experimental Methods' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Johs Clausen (1950). An Evaluation of Experimental Methods of Time Judgment. Journal of Experimental Psychology 40 (6):756.score: 78.0
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  2. Uljana Feest (forthcoming). Phenomenal Experiences, First-Person Methods, and the Artificiality of Experimental Data. Philosophy of Science.score: 60.0
    This paper argues that whereas philosophical discussions of first-person methods often turn on the veridicality of first-person reports, more attention should be paid to the experimental circumstances under which the reports are generated, and to the purposes of designing such experiments. After pointing to the ‘constructedness’ of first-person reports in the science of perception, I raise questions about the criteria by which to judge whether the reports illuminate something about the nature of perception. I illustrate this point with (...)
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  3. Thomas O. Sikor (1994). Participatory Methods and Empowerment in Rural Development: Lessons From Two Experimental Workshops with a Chilean NGO. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 11 (2-3):151-158.score: 48.0
    Increasing attention has been given to participatory methods in agricultural research and rural development. Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) has become popular among nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and applied researchers in development. This paper analyzes PRA with respect to its usefulness for NGOs, drawing upon the outcomes from two experimental PRA workshops conducted with a Chilean NGO. Emphasis is given to discussing farmer participation in PRA and its empowerment effects. It is argued that PRA is potentially empowering if it is (...)
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  4. Robert Adamson (1878). Prof. Jevons on Mill's Experimental Methods. Mind 3 (11):415-417.score: 45.0
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  5. William M. Dickie (1923). Anticipations in Aristotle of the Four Experimental Methods. Philosophical Review 32 (4):401-409.score: 45.0
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  6. Gregory A. Kimble & John W. Kendall Jr (1953). A Comparison of Two Methods of Producing Experimental Extinction. Journal of Experimental Psychology 45 (2):87.score: 45.0
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  7. A. D. Krikorian (1982). Experimental Methods for Plant Tissue Culture Experiments in Plant Tissue Culture John H. Dodds Lorin W. Roberts. Bioscience 32 (5):353-353.score: 45.0
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  8. Naomi Nagy (2006). Experimental Methods for Study of Variation. In Encyclopedia of Language & Linguistics. 4--390.score: 45.0
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  9. Robert W. Proctor, E. J. Capaldi & Kim‐Phuong L. Vu (2003). Psychology: Experimental Methods. In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group.score: 45.0
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  10. J. P. Seward (1943). An Experimental Comparison of Code-Learning Methods. Journal of Experimental Psychology 33 (2):115.score: 45.0
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  11. Michael J. Shaffer (forthcoming). The Experimental Turn and the Methods of Philosophy. Routledge.score: 45.0
    This book is a defense of the revolutionary character of experimental philosophy.
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  12. Shaun Gallagher Patricia Bockelman, Lauren Reinerman-Jones (2013). Methodological Lessons in Neurophenomenology: Review of a Baseline Study and Recommendations for Research Approaches. [REVIEW] Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 42.0
    Neurophenomenological methods integrate objective and subjective data in ways that retain the statistical power of established disciplines (like cognitive science) while embracing the value of first-person reports of experience. The present paper positions neurophenomenology as an approach that pulls from traditions of cognitive science but includes techniques that are challenging for cognitive science in some ways. A baseline study is reviewed for “lessons learned”, that is, the potential methodological improvements that will support advancements in understanding consciousness and cognition using (...)
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  13. B. F. Skinner (1984). Methods and Theories in the Experimental Analysis of Behavior. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):511.score: 42.0
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  14. Fredrick J. Wertz (1999). Multiple Methods in Psychology: Epistemological Grounding and the Possibility of Unity. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 19 (2):131-166.score: 39.0
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  15. Amie L. Thomasson (2012). Experimental Philosophy and the Methods of Ontology. The Monist 95 (2):175-199.score: 39.0
    Those working in experimental philosophy have raised a number of arguments against the use of conceptual analysis in philosophical inquiries. But they have typically focused on a model that pursues conceptual analysis by taking intuitions as a kind of (defeasible) evidence for philosophical hypotheses. Little attention has been given to the constitutivist alternative, which sees metaphysical modal facts as reflections of constitutive semantic rules. I begin with a brief overview of the constitutivist approach and argue that we can defend (...)
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  16. John Pickering (2000). Methods Are a Message. In Max Velmans (ed.), Investigating Phenomenal Consciousness: New Methodologies and Maps. John Benjamins. 279-300.score: 39.0
  17. Howard Shevrin (2000). The Experimental Investigation of Unconscious Conflict, Unconscious Affect, and Unconscious Signal Anxiety. In Max Velmans (ed.), Investigating Phenomenal Consciousness: New Methodologies and Maps. Advances in Consciousness Research, Vol. 13. John Benjamins. 33-65.score: 39.0
  18. Richard Sosis (2005). Methods Do Matter: Variation in Experimental Methodologies and Results. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):834-835.score: 39.0
    Henrich et al.'s findings are generally consistent with the findings of other experimental field studies. However, the methodological variations deployed across field sites produced several systematic biases in their results. Hence, although the project is destined to become a watershed study, their results should be interpreted prudently.
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  19. D. Barrell Price & Rainville J. (2002). Integrating Experimental-Phenomenological Methods and Neuroscience to Study Neural Mechanisms of Pain and Consciousness. Consciousness and Cognition 11 (4):593-608.score: 36.0
  20. Elena Bougleux (2009). Scientific Methods and Creative Practices. An Evaluation of Constraints and Possibilities in an Experimental Research Environment. World Futures 65 (8):560-567.score: 36.0
    How do scientists who devote their entire lives to solving a small problem in theoretical physics work? What causes a team of young researchers to be completely devoted to its work? What do they share with and what distinguishes them from teams who do not have creativity as a necessary goal of their mission? This article discusses some possible answers to these questions, starting from a research team in physics, in which the author took part as a researcher over a (...)
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  21. L. W. Allison (1932). An Experimental Study of Reflex and Voluntary Eyelid Responses. Journal of Experimental Psychology 15 (1):56.score: 36.0
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  22. Avis H. Cohen (1980). A New Generation of Experimental and Theoretical Methods is Needed in Neuroblology. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (4):543.score: 36.0
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  23. L. Doncaster (1913). Light Thrown by the Experimental Study of Heredity Upon the Factors and Methods of Evolution. The Eugenics Review 4 (4):399.score: 36.0
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  24. L. Hejna (1983). The Experimental Character of Empirical-Methods in Contemporary Astronomy. Filosoficky Casopis 31 (6):855-865.score: 36.0
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  25. R. Hertwig, A. Ortmann & M. Maratsos (2001). Experimental Practices in Economics: A Methodological Challenge for Psychologists?-Open Peer Commentary-We Should Not Impose Narrow Restrictions on Psychological Methods. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):422-422.score: 36.0
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  26. Sosis Richard (2005). Methods Do Matter: Variation in Experimental Methodologies and Results. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6).score: 36.0
     
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  27. Franklin O. Smith (1925). An Experimental Study on Retinal Sensitivity and Discrimination for Purple Under Different Degrees of Intensity of Stimulation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 8 (5):381.score: 36.0
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  28. Tamás Demeter (2012). Hume's Experimental Method. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 20 (3):577-599.score: 33.0
    In this article I attempt to reconstruct David Hume's use of the label ?experimental? to characterise his method in the Treatise. Although its meaning may strike the present-day reader as unusual, such a reconstruction is possible from the background of eighteenth-century practices and concepts of natural inquiry. As I argue, Hume's inquiries into human nature are experimental not primarily because of the way the empirical data he uses are produced, but because of the way those data are theoretically (...)
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  29. F. Wemelsfelder (2001). The Inside and Outside Aspects of Consciousness: Complementary Approaches to the Study of Animal Emotion. Animal Welfare Supplement 10:129- 139.score: 30.0
  30. Matthew Inglis & Juan Pablo Mejía-Ramos (2009). On the Persuasiveness of Visual Arguments in Mathematics. Foundations of Science 14 (1-2):97-110.score: 30.0
    Two experiments are reported which investigate the factors that influence how persuaded mathematicians are by visual arguments. We demonstrate that if a visual argument is accompanied by a passage of text which describes the image, both research-active mathematicians and successful undergraduate mathematics students perceive it to be significantly more persuasive than if no text is given. We suggest that mathematicians’ epistemological concerns about supporting a claim using visual images are less prominent when the image is described in words. Finally we (...)
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  31. Michael Fielding (2011). Radical Education and the Common School. Routledge.score: 30.0
    The book concludes by examining how we might bring such transformation about.Written by two of the leading experts in the fields of early childhood and ...
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  32. Rom Harré (2012). Social Construction and Consciousness. Discusiones Filosóficas 13 (20):13-36.score: 30.0
  33. Natalie Depraz, F. Varela & Pierre Vermersch (2000). The Gesture of Awareness: An Account of its Structural Dynamics. In Max Velmans (ed.), Investigating Phenomenal Consciousness: New Methodologies and Maps. John Benjamins. 13--121.score: 30.0
  34. Astrid Matthey & Tobias Regner (2013). On the Independence of History: Experience Spill-Overs Between Experiments. [REVIEW] Theory and Decision 75 (3):403-419.score: 30.0
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  35. Ken Wilber & Roger Walsh (2000). An Integral Approach to Consciousness Research: A Proposal for Integrating First, Second, and Third Person Approaches to Consciousness. In Max Velmans (ed.), Investigating Phenomenal Consciousness: New Methodologies and Maps. John Benjamins. 301-331.score: 30.0
  36. Charles Arthur Curran (1972). Counseling-Learning. New York,Grune & Stratton.score: 30.0
     
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  37. Miguel A. García-Pérez & Rocío Alcalá-Quintana (2012). Response Errors Explain the Failure of Independent-Channels Models of Perception of Temporal Order. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 30.0
    Independent-channels models of perception of temporal order (also referred to as threshold models or perceptual latency models) have been ruled out because two formal properties of these models (monotonicity and parallelism) are not borne out by data from ternary tasks in which observers must judge whether stimulus A was presented before, after, or simultaneously with stimulus B. These models generally assume that observed responses are authentic indicators of unobservable judgments, but blinks, lapses of attention, or errors in pressing the response (...)
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  38. Margarita Ventenilla Hamada (1987). School Mythtakes: Myths and Mistakes About School. New Day.score: 30.0
     
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  39. Nicholas P. Holmes & Charles Spence (2006). Beyond the Body Schema: Visual, Prosthetic, and Technological Contributions to Bodily Perception and Awareness. In Günther Knoblich, Ian M. Thornton, Marc Grosjean & Maggie Shiffrar (eds.), Human Body Perception From the Inside Out. Oxford University Press. 15-64.score: 30.0
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  40. Robert E. Kahrhoff (1952). This Farce Called Education. New York, Exposition Press.score: 30.0
     
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  41. Rocío Alcalá-Quintana Miguel A. García-Pérez (2012). Response Errors Explain the Failure of Independent-Channels Models of Perception of Temporal Order. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 30.0
    Independent-channels models of perception of temporal order (also referred to as threshold models or perceptual latency models) have been ruled out because two formal properties of these models (monotonicity and parallelism) are not borne out by data from ternary tasks in which observers must judge whether stimulus A was presented before, after, or simultaneously with stimulus B. These models generally assume that observed responses are authentic indicators of unobservable judgments, but blinks, lapses of attention, or errors in pressing the response (...)
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  42. Jennifer Nagel & Kaija Mortensen (forthcoming). Armchair-Friendly Experimental Philosophy. In Justin Sytsma & Wesley Buckwalter (eds.), A Companion to Experimental Philosophy. Blackwell.score: 30.0
    Once symbolized by a burning armchair, experimental philosophy has in recent years shifted away from its original hostility to traditional methods. Starting with a brief historical review of the experimentalist challenge to traditional philosophical practice, this chapter looks at research undercutting that challenge, and at ways in which experimental work has evolved to complement and strengthen traditional approaches to philosophical questions.
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  43. Bryn Purdy (1997). A.S. Neill: "Bringing Happiness to Some Few Children". Educational Heretics Press.score: 30.0
  44. Janet Richardson (2000). Clinical Implications of an Intersubjective Science. In Max Velmans (ed.), Investigating Phenomenal Consciousness: New Methodologies and Maps. John Benjamins. 167-192.score: 30.0
  45. Hannes Rusch & Matthias Uhl (forthcoming). Order Ethics: An Experimental Perspective. In Christoph Luetge & Nikil Mukerji (eds.), Order Ethics – An Ethical Framework for the Social Market Economy. Springer.score: 30.0
    In this chapter, we present supporting arguments for the claim that Order Ethics is a school of thought within ethics which is especially open to empirical evidence. With its focus on order frameworks, i.e., incentive structures, Order Ethical advice automatically raises questions on implementability, efficacy, and efficiency of such recommended institutions, all of which are empirical questions to a good extent. We illustrate our arguments by presenting a small selection of experiments from economics that we consider highly informative for Order (...)
     
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  46. R. Stevens (2000). Phenomenological Approaches to the Study of Conscious Awareness. In Max Velmans (ed.), Investigating Phenomenal Consciousness: New Methodologies and Maps. John Benjamins.score: 30.0
  47. Max Velmans (2000). A Psychologist's Map of Consciousness Studies. In , Investigating Phenomenal Consciousness: New Methodologies and Maps. John Benjamins. 333-358.score: 30.0
  48. Mark McEvoy (2013). Experimental Mathematics, Computers and the a Priori. Synthese 190 (3):397-412.score: 27.0
    In recent decades, experimental mathematics has emerged as a new branch of mathematics. This new branch is defined less by its subject matter, and more by its use of computer assisted reasoning. Experimental mathematics uses a variety of computer assisted approaches to verify or prove mathematical hypotheses. For example, there is “number crunching” such as searching for very large Mersenne primes, and showing that the Goldbach conjecture holds for all even numbers less than 2 × 1018. There are (...)
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  49. Peter Anstey & Alberto Vanzo (2012). The Origins of Early Modern Experimental Philosophy. Intellectual History Review 22 (4):499-518.score: 27.0
    This paper argues that early modern experimental philosophy emerged as the dominant member of a pair of methods in natural philosophy, the speculative versus the experimental, and that this pairing derives from an overarching distinction between speculative and operative philosophy that can be ultimately traced back to Aristotle. The paper examines the traditional classification of natural philosophy as a speculative discipline from the Stagirite to the seventeenth century; medieval and early modern attempts to articulate a scientia experimentalis; (...)
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  50. Robert L. Woolfolk (2013). Experimental Philosophy: A Methodological Critique. Metaphilosophy 44 (1-2):79-87.score: 27.0
    This article offers a critique of research practices typical of experimental philosophy. To that end, it presents a review of methodological issues that have proved crucial to the quality of research in the biobehavioral sciences. It discusses various shortcomings in the experimental philosophy literature related to (1) the credibility of self-report questionnaires, (2) the validity and reliability of measurement, (3) the adherence to appropriate procedures for sampling, random assignment, and handling of participants, and (4) the meticulousness of study (...)
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